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Tooth wear

Soo-Hyun Kim, Young-Seok Park, Min-Kyoung Kim, Sulhee Kim, Seung-Pyo Lee
Purpose: Clinicians must examine tooth wear to make a proper diagnosis. However, qualitative methods of measuring tooth wear have many disadvantages. Therefore, this study aimed to develop and evaluate quantitative parameters using the cusp area and volume of virtual dental models. Methods: The subjects of this study were the same virtual models that were used in our former study. The same age group classification and new tooth wear index (NTWI) scoring system were also reused...
April 2018: Journal of Periodontal & Implant Science
Carlos Mauricio Peredo, Nicholas D Pyenson
Living baleen whales, or Mysticeti, lack teeth and instead feed using keratinous baleen plates to sieve prey-laden water. This feeding strategy is profoundly different from that of their toothed ancestors, which processed prey using the differentiated dentition characteristic of mammals. The fossil record of mysticetes reveals stem members that include extinct taxa with dentition, illuminating the morphological states that preceded the loss of teeth and the subsequent origin of baleen. The relationships among stem mysticetes, including putative clades such as Mammalodontidae and Aetiocetidae, remain debatable...
April 2018: Royal Society Open Science
Álvaro Edgar González-Aragón Pineda, Socorro Aída Borges-Yáñez, María Esther Irigoyen-Camacho, Adrian Lussi
OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between erosive tooth wear (ETW) and consumption of different kinds of beverages in a group of schoolchildren 11-14 years old in Mexico City. METHODS: Cross-sectional study in a sample of students (n = 512) in Mexico City. The Basic Erosive Wear Examination (BEWE) was used to quantify ETW. Beverage consumption (BC) was determined using a frequency questionnaire; beverages included pure water, natural fruit juices, milk, hot beverages, and soft drinks...
May 13, 2018: Clinical Oral Investigations
Akimasa Tsujimoto, Wayne W Barkmeier, Nicholas G Fischer, Kie Nojiri, Yuko Nagura, Toshiki Takamizawa, Mark A Latta, Masashi Miazaki
The application of resin composites in dentistry has become increasingly widespread due to the increased aesthetic demands of patients, improvements in the formulation of resin composites, and the ability of these materials to bond to tooth structures, together with concerns about dental amalgam fillings. As resistance to wear is an important factor in determining the clinical success of resin composite restoratives, this review article defines what constitutes wear and describes the major underlying phenomena involved in this process...
May 2018: Japanese Dental Science Review
Kevin T Uno, Florent Rivals, Faysal Bibi, Michael Pante, Jackson Njau, Ignacio de la Torre
The well-dated Pleistocene sediments at Olduvai Gorge have yielded a rich record of hominin fossils, stone tools, and vertebrate faunal remains that, taken together, provide insight to hominin behavior and paleoecology. Since 2008, the Olduvai Geochronology and Archaeology Project (OGAP) has undertaken extensive excavations in Bed II that have yielded a large collection of early Pleistocene stone tools and fossils. The strata of Lower, Middle and Upper Bed II at Olduvai Gorge capture the critical transition from Oldowan to Acheulean technology and therefore provide an opportunity to explore the possible role of biotic and abiotic change during the transition...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Human Evolution
J Arturo Garrocho-Rangel, Juana M Arvizu-Rivera, Nadia P Campos-Lara, Miguel A Rosales-Berber, Amaury Pozos-Guillén
BACKGROUND: Esophageal Atresia (EA) is defined as the congenital interruption of the continuity of the esophagus. Pediatric patients also have other congenital conditions, such as Tracheo-Esophageal Fistula (TEF). CASE REPORT: A 7-year-old male with TEF referred by a Pediatric Cardiologist, with the principal complaint of "severe and generalized tooth wearing". Considering that the patient was systemically stable, it was decided to perform the oral procedures under local anesthesia and rubber-dam isolation with an antimicrobial prophylaxis regimen...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Tumouh Al-Allaq, Changyong Feng, Ralph H Saunders
AIMS: The aim of the study was to assess the extent to which a relationship may exist between the wear of the anterior teeth and quality of life in a population of nursing home residents. METHODS AND RESULTS: A population (n = 100) of nursing home residents (mean age 75.7 years) was recruited all members of which had at least 4 upper and 4 lower anterior teeth and were assessed as cognitively intact by nursing personnel who were familiar with their behavior. The investigator evaluated the level of tooth wear of each subject according to the Tooth Wear Index of Donachie and Walls (Adapted) and then verbally administered the Geriatric Oral Health Assessment Index (GOHAI) of Atchison and Dolan...
May 9, 2018: Special Care in Dentistry
Alice Moreira Neves Pedrão, Leslie Andrews Portes, Everton Padilha Gomes, Fernanda Cristina Figueira Teixeira, Alexandre da Costa Pereira, Natalia Cristina de Oliveira
PURPOSE: Evidence exists which suggests that a vegetarian diet is a predisposing factor to erosive tooth wear. The aim of this study was to assess the influence of dietary pattern (vegetarian, lacto-ovo vegetarian and omnivore) on erosive tooth wear. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two hundred seven subjects (29 vegetarians, 96 lacto-ovo vegetarians and 82 omnivores) underwent an oral assessment and were asked to answer questionnaires about diet and oral care. RESULTS: Individuals who followed vegetarian and lacto-ovo vegetarian diets had statistically significantly more erosive tooth wear than did omnivores (p = 0...
2018: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Shinpei Matsuda, Hitoshi Yoshimura, Kazuo Sano
Dystonia affecting the perioral and pharyngeal regions is called oromandibular dystonia (OMD). OMD can affect the jaw muscles and may cause trismus, mouth-closing disturbance, tooth wear/loss, and damage to the oral soft tissues and temporomandibular joint (TMJ). This case history reports a case of jaw-closing OMD accompanied by trismus-related TMJ osteoarthritis (OA). In the present case history, treatment for OMD was started as soon as the diagnosis of jaw-closing OMD was established, and dental treatment intervention for preventing its development or progression was considered at the same time...
May 2018: International Journal of Prosthodontics
Cristiane Meira Assunção, Adrian Lussi, Jonas Almeida Rodrigues, Thiago Saads Carvalho
AIM: To evaluate the erosive preventive effect of toothpastes in permanent (PT) and deciduous teeth (dt). DESIGN: Enamel samples were divided into five groups (n = 20): G1: placebo toothpaste; G2: NaF toothpaste; G3: AmF-NaF-SnCl2 anti-erosion toothpaste; G4: SnF2- toothpaste; and G5: NaF anti-erosion toothpaste for children. The samples were exposed to five erosion-abrasion cycles (artificial saliva incubation; 3 min in 1% citric acid; 2 min in slurry, toothbrush abrasion, 50 strokes, 200 g)...
May 2, 2018: Clinical Oral Investigations
Baratali Ramazanzadeh, Farzaneh Ahrari, Zahra-Sadat Hosseini
Background: This study aimed to compare the effectiveness of two different protocols of wearing vacuum-formed retainers (VFRs) with the standard protocol of wearing Hawley retainer in maintaining the results of orthodontic treatment. Material and Methods: This single-blind randomized clinical trial consisted of 90 patients who finished orthodontic treatment at the Department of Orthodontics of Mashhad Dental School, and required removable retainers. The participants were randomly divided into 3 groups and received the following treatments...
March 2018: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
Faruk Emir, Simel Ayyildiz, Cem Sahin
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine the changing frequency of a diamond bur after multiple usages on 3 different surfaces. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Human premolar teeth (N = 26), disc shaped direct metal laser sintered CoCr (N = 3) and zirconia specimens (N = 3) were used in this study. Groups named basically as Group T for teeth, Group M for CoCr, and Group Z for zirconia. Round tapered black-band diamond bur was used. The specimens were randomly divided into three groups and placed with a special assembly onto the surveyor...
April 2018: Journal of Advanced Prosthodontics
Romina Brignardello-Petersen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 20, 2018: Journal of the American Dental Association
Bernadette A M M Sterenborg, Thomas J J Maal, Rinaldo Vreeken, Bas A C Loomans, Marie-Charlotte D N J M Huysmans
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the effect of a full rehabilitation, including an increase of vertical dimension of occlusion (VDO), in patients with severe tooth wear on changes in facial appearance. METHODS: Patients with severe tooth wear were restoratively treated using direct composite restorations, including an increase of the VDO. Before and one month after treatment 3D stereophotographs were taken and facial changes were measured with the use of 3D cephalometric landmarks...
April 21, 2018: Journal of Dentistry
Ronnaug Saeves, Finn Strøm, Leiv Sandvik, Hilde Nordgarden
BACKGROUND: Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) is the most common genetic human obesity syndrome and is characterized by hypotonia, endocrine disturbances, hyperphagia, obesity and mild mental retardation. Oral abnormalities, such as decreased salivary flow rates and extreme tooth wear, have also been described. Studies have shown a significant increase in reflux symptoms in individuals with obstuctive sleep apnoea syndrome and increased BMI, both of which are typical findings in PWS. Gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD) has been identified in some individuals with PWS and is a significant intrinsic factor in dental tooth wear...
April 23, 2018: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
Zhihui Tian, Xiaolin Lv, Min Zhang, Xueer Wang, Yinghua Chen, Pei Tang, Pengcheng Xu, Lu Zhang, Buling Wu, Lin Zhang
Recent evidence suggests that GTPases Rho family plays an important role in tooth development; however, the role of Cdc42 in tooth development remains unclear. We aimed to investigate the function of Cdc42 in tooth development and amelogenesis. We generated an epithelial cell-specific K5-Cdc42 knockout (KO) mouse to evaluate post-eruption dental phenotypes using a K5-Cre driver line. This model overcomes the previously reported perinatal lethality. Tooth phenotypes were analyzed by micro X-ray, micro-computed tomography (CT), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX), wear rate, shear strength, and a microhardness test...
April 20, 2018: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Marisol Reyes Sevilla, Ruud H Kuijs, Arie Werner, Cornelis J Kleverlaan, Frank Lobbezoo
Tooth wear in bruxing patients often results in a need for treatment with composite restorations. In some cases, bruxing patients receive an occlusal splint as a protective means as well. However, the wear between these opposing materials has not been investigated yet. The aim of this in-vitro study was to assess the wear of different splint materials against resin composite materials. A two-body wear test was conducted using the ACTA wear machine. The materials selected for this study were three composites used for direct restorations (Filtek Z250, CLEARFIL AP-X, and Filtek Supreme XT) and four occlusal splints materials, viz...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
Yifeng Xiong, Wenhu Wang, Ruisong Jiang, Kunyang Lin, Mingwei Shao
The in-situ TiB₂/7050Al composite is a new kind of Al-based metal matrix composite (MMC) with super properties, such as low density, improved strength, and wear resistance. This paper, for a deep insight into its cutting performance, involves a study of the chip formation process and finite element simulation during orthogonal cutting in-situ TiB₂/7050Al MMC. With chips, material properties, cutting forces, and tool geometry parameters, the Johnson-Cook (J-C) constitutive equation of in-situ TiB₂/7050Al composite was established...
April 15, 2018: Materials
Francisca Marro, Liesa De Lat, Luc Martens, Wolfgang Jacquet, Peter Bottenberg
OBJECTIVE: To determine if the Basic erosive tooth wear index (BEWE index) is able to assess and monitor ETW changes in two consecutive cast models, and detect methodological differences when using the corresponding 3D image replicas. METHODS: A total of 480 pre-treatment and 2-year post-treatment orthodontic models (n = 240 cast models and n = 240 3D image replicas) from 120 adolescents treated between 2002-2013 at the Gent Dental Clinic, Belgium, were scored using the BEWE index...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Dentistry
B A C Loomans, P Wetselaar, N J M Opdam
In 2016, a European consensus meeting was held regarding the treatment of severe tooth wear. This meeting resulted in the publication of the European statement of consensus on the treatment of severe tooth wear in 2017. In the statement, new definitions of physiological and pathological tooth wear are described, recommendations for diagnosis and taking preventive measure are presented, and advice for counseling and monitoring is offered to better elucidate the underlying aetiological factors causing tooth wear in the patient...
April 2018: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Tandheelkunde
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