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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185362/definitive-class-i-human-leukocyte-antigen-expression-in-gestational-placentation-hla-f-hla-e-hla-c-and-hla-g-in-extravillous-trophoblast-invasion-on-placentation-pregnancy-and-parturition
#1
Rinat Hackmon, Lakmini Pinnaduwage, Jianhong Zhang, Stephen J Lye, Daniel E Geraghty, Caroline E Dunk
PROBLEM: The extravillous trophoblasts (EVT) express HLA-C and HLA-G, but HLA-E and HLA-F are the subject of conflicting reports. In this study, we define the HLA expression profile during active EVT placental implantation, pregnancy development, and parturition. METHOD OF STUDY: Immunohistochemistry, q-PCR, and Western blot were used to investigate HLA-C, HLA-E, and HLA-F placental expression across gestation from the early first trimester, late first trimester, second trimester (n=10 in each), preterm gestation (n=6) to elective term cesarean section and term vaginal deliveries (n=12, 38-41 weeks)...
February 10, 2017: American Journal of Reproductive Immunology: AJRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161053/htr-8-svneo-cell-line-contains-a-mixed-population-of-cells
#2
Wassim Abou-Kheir, Joanna Barrak, Ola Hadadeh, Georges Daoud
INTRODUCTION: The placenta, a transient organ in humans, is essential for pregnancy maintenance and fetal development. Trophoblast and stromal cells are the main cell types present in human placenta. Trophoblast cells are derivatives of the trophectoderm layer and fulfill the endocrine, exchange, invasion and implantation processes of the placenta, whereas stromal cells are of extraembryonic mesenchymal origin and are important for villous formation and maintenance. Different cell lines were developed to study trophoblast functions including BeWo, JEG-3 and JAR from chorioncarcinoma while HTR-8/SVneo was developed using first trimester extravillous trophoblast infected with simian virus 40 large T antigen (SV40)...
February 2017: Placenta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148272/dose-dependent-induction-of-astrocyte-activation-and-reactive-astrogliosis-in-mouse-brain-following-maternal-exposure-to-carbon-black-nanoparticle
#3
Atsuto Onoda, Ken Takeda, Masakazu Umezawa
BACKGROUND: Recent studies indicate that maternal exposure to ambient ultrafine particles and nanoparticles has adverse effects of on the central nervous system. Quantitative dose-response data is required to better understand the developmental neurotoxicity of nanoparticles. The present study investigated dose-dependent effects of maternal exposure to carbon black nanoparticle (CB-NP) on astrocyte in the brains of mouse offspring. METHODS: A CB-NP suspension (2...
2, 2017: Particle and Fibre Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144997/explant-culture-an-advantageous-method-for-isolation-of-mesenchymal-stem-cells-from-human-tissues
#4
REVIEW
Fatemeh Hendijani
Mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) research progressively moves towards clinical phases. Accordingly, a wide range of different procedures were presented in the literature for MSC isolation from human tissues; however, there is not yet any close focus on the details to offer precise information for best method selection. Choosing a proper isolation method is a critical step in obtaining cells with optimal quality and yield in companion with clinical and economical considerations. In this concern, current review widely discusses advantages of omitting proteolysis step in isolation process and presence of tissue pieces in primary culture of MSCs, including removal of lytic stress on cells, reduction of in vivo to in vitro transition stress for migrated/isolated cells, reduction of price, processing time and labour, removal of viral contamination risk, and addition of supporting functions of extracellular matrix and released growth factors from tissue explant...
February 1, 2017: Cell Proliferation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115513/proton-pump-inhibitors-decrease-soluble-fms-like-tyrosine-kinase-1-and-soluble-endoglin-secretion-decrease-hypertension-and-rescue-endothelial-dysfunction
#5
Kenji Onda, Stephen Tong, Sally Beard, Natalie Binder, Masanaga Muto, Sevvandi N Senadheera, Laura Parry, Mark Dilworth, Lewis Renshall, Fiona Brownfoot, Roxanne Hastie, Laura Tuohey, Kirsten Palmer, Toshihiko Hirano, Masahito Ikawa, Tu'uhevaha Kaitu'u-Lino, Natalie J Hannan
Preeclampsia is a severe complication of pregnancy. Antiangiogenic factors soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase-1 (sFlt-1) and soluble endoglin are secreted in excess from the placenta, causing hypertension, endothelial dysfunction, and multiorgan injury. Oxidative stress and vascular inflammation exacerbate the endothelial injury. A drug that can block these pathophysiological steps would be an attractive treatment option. Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) are safe in pregnancy where they are prescribed for gastric reflux...
March 2017: Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076935/high-temperature-requirement-a1-and-fibronectin-two-possible-players-in-placental-tissue-remodelling
#6
G Tossetta, C Avellini, C Licini, S R Giannubilo, M Castellucci, D Marzioni
High temperature requirement A1 (HtrA1) is a secreted protease involved in placental development. Fibronectin (FN) is involved in important process such as wound healing, cell adhesion and spreading, growth, migration, and differentiation. The purpose of this study was to analyse the expression patterns of HtrA1 in relationship to FN and to the key growth zones of placenta such as mesenchymal villi as well as cell islands and cell columns. We demonstrated that FN and HtrA1 are localized in the placental key growth zones suggesting a pivotal role in maintaining the balance among the molecules involved in the placental development and differentiation...
November 21, 2016: European Journal of Histochemistry: EJH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072454/non-neuronal-acetylcholine-involved-in-reproduction-in-mammals-and-honeybees
#7
REVIEW
Ignaz Wessler, Charles James Kirkpatrick
Bacteria and archaea synthesize acetylcholine (ACh). Thus it can be postulated that ACh was created by nature roughly 3 billion years ago. Therefore, the wide expression of ACh in nature (i.e. in bacteria, archaea, unicellular organisms, plants, fungi, non-vertebrates and vertebrates and the abundance of non-neuronal cells of mammals) is not surprising. The term non-neuronal ACh and non-neuronal cholinergic system have been introduced to describe the auto- and paracrine, i.e. local regulatory actions of cells not innervated by neuronal cholinergic fibers to communicate among themselves...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Neurochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049695/dysregulated-dna-methyltransferase-3a-upregulates-igfbp5-to-suppress-trophoblast-cell-migration-and-invasion-in-preeclampsia
#8
Yuanhui Jia, Ting Li, Xiaojie Huang, Xianghong Xu, Xinyao Zhou, Linyan Jia, Jingping Zhu, Dandan Xie, Kai Wang, Qian Zhou, Liping Jin, Jiqin Zhang, Tao Duan
Preeclampsia is a unique multiple system disorder during human pregnancy, which affects ≈5% to 8% of pregnancies. Its risks and complications have become the major causes of maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality. Although abnormal placentation to which DNA methylation dysregulation is always linked is speculated to be one of the reasons causing preeclampsia, the underlying mechanisms still remain elusive to date. Here we revealed that aberrant DNA methyltransferase 3A (DNMT3A) plays a critical role in preeclampsia...
January 3, 2017: Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017869/endosteal-like-extracellular-matrix-expression-on-melt-electrospun-written-scaffolds
#9
Maria Lourdes Muerza-Cascante, Ali Shokoohmand, Kiarash Khosrotehrani, David Haylock, Paul D Dalton, Dietmar W Hutmacher, Daniela Loessner
: Tissue engineering technology platforms constitute a unique opportunity to integrate cells and extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins into scaffolds and matrices that mimic the natural microenvironment in vitro. The development of tissue-engineered 3D models that mimic the endosteal microenvironment enables researchers to discover the causes and improve treatments for blood and immune-related diseases. The aim of this study was to establish a physiologically relevant in vitro model using 3D printed scaffolds to assess the contribution of human cells to the formation of a construct that mimics human endosteum...
December 22, 2016: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012459/down-regulated-long-non-coding-rna-atb-in-preeclampsia-and-its-effect-on-suppressing-migration-proliferation-and-tube-formation-of-trophoblast-cells
#10
Xijing Liu, Hongqin Chen, Weiqi Kong, Yanping Zhang, Liyuan Cao, Linbo Gao, Rong Zhou
Preeclampsia is a pregnancy-specific syndrome and is one of the main causes of maternal, fetal, and neonatal morbidity and mortality. Inadequate trophoblast invasion and failure of uterine spiral artery remodeling exert a major role in the development of preeclampsia, especially the early-onset one. LncRNA-ATB is verified to be aberrantly expressed in many cancers and promote the invasion-metastasis and proliferation cascades. But little is known of lncRNA-ATB's role in preeclampsia. The aim of current study is to identify the changes of lncRNA-ATB in preeclampsia and its effects on trophoblast...
January 2017: Placenta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922982/mir-21-is-overexpressed-in-hydatidiform-mole-tissues-and-promotes-proliferation-migration-and-invasion-in-choriocarcinoma-cells
#11
Ya-Xin Wang, Jiu-Ru Zhao, Yue-Ying Xu, Wei-Bin Wu, Hui-Juan Zhang
OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to make clear whether miR-21 was dysregulated in hydatidiform mole (HM) tissues and choriocarcinoma (CCA) cells, to elucidate whether aberrant miR-21 expression would affect the function of CCA cells, and to find out whether there was a relationship between miR-21 and AKT, PDCD4, and PTEN in CCA cells. METHODS: Fresh and formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded trophoblastic tissues (normal first trimester placentas and HMs) were retrieved from the biobank in the International Peace Maternity and Child Health Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University...
February 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917469/association-of-dysfunctional-synapse-defective-1-syde1-with-restricted-fetal-growth-syde1-regulates-placental-cell-migration-and-invasion
#12
Hsiao-Fan Lo, Ching-Yen Tsai, Chie-Pein Chen, Liang-Jie Wang, Yun-Shien Lee, Chia-Yu Chen, Chung-Tiang Liang, Mei-Leng Cheong, Hungwen Chen
The transcription factor glial cells missing 1 (GCM1) regulates trophoblast differentiation and function during placentation. Decreased GCM1 expression is associated with pre-eclampsia, suggesting that abnormal expression of GCM1 target genes may contribute to the pathogenesis of pregnancy complications. Here we identified a novel GCM1 target gene, synapse defective 1 (SYDE1), which encodes a RhoGAP that is highly expressed in human placenta, and demonstrated that SYDE1 promotes cytoskeletal remodelling and cell migration and invasion...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895585/feto-maternal-trafficking-of-exosomes-in-murine-pregnancy-models
#13
Samantha Sheller-Miller, Jun Lei, George Saade, Carlos Salomon, Irina Burd, Ramkumar Menon
Timing and initiation of labor are well-orchestrated by signals communicated between the fetal and maternal compartments; however, how these signals are communicated is not completely understood. Fetal exosomes, intercellular signaling vesicles, may play a key role in the process. The objective of this study was to evaluate exosome trafficking in vivo from fetal to maternal compartments. Pregnant CD-1 mice were intra-amniotically injected on gestational day 16 and 17 with exosomes isolated from primary human amnion epithelial cells fluorescently labeled with the lipophilic dye 1,1-dioctadecyl-3,3,3,3-tetramethylindotricarbocyanine iodide (DiR)...
2016: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878289/oncogenic-function-of-plac1-on-the-proliferation-and-metastasis-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma-cells
#14
Yuan Wu, Xiaocong Lin, Xiaoqing Di, Yonghua Chen, Hanning Zhao, Xin Wang
Placenta-specific protein 1 (Plac1), which is selectively expressed in the placental syncytiotrophoblast in adult normal tissues, plays an essential role in normal placental and embryonic development. Accumulating evidence suggests that enhanced Plac1 expression is closely associated with the progression of human cancer. Whether Plac1 contributes to the pathophysiology of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remains unclear. In the present study, our data revealed that the expression of Plac1 in human HCC tissues was upregulated, which significantly correlated with metastasis of HCC...
January 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871470/the-function-of-mir-519d-in-cell-migration-invasion-and-proliferation-suggests-a-role-in-early-placentation
#15
REVIEW
Lan Xie, Yoel Sadovsky
The processes of proliferation, migration, and invasion of extravillous trophoblasts are critical for placental implantation and early development, and directly influence pregnancy outcome. Dysregulation of these processes has been associated with placental dysfunction, implicated in clinical conditions such as preeclampsia and placental accreta. Among diverse microRNA (miRNA) species that are expressed in placental trophoblasts, members of the chromosome 19 miRNA cluster (C19MC) stand out in their nearly exclusive expression in the placenta...
December 2016: Placenta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864359/endothelin-1-down-regulates-matrix-metalloproteinase-14-and-15-expression-in-human-first-trimester-trophoblasts-via-endothelin-receptor-type-b
#16
Alejandro Majali-Martinez, Philipp Velicky, Jürgen Pollheimer, Martin Knöfler, Hong Wa Yung, Graham J Burton, Nassim Ghaffari Tabrizi-Wizsy, Uwe Lang, Ursula Hiden, Gernot Desoye, Martina Dieber-Rotheneder
STUDY QUESTION: Does endothelin-1 (ET-1) regulate matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) 14 and 15 production and invasion of human first trimester trophoblasts? SUMMARY ANSWER: ET-1 in pathophysiological concentrations down-regulates MMP14 and MMP15 expression via endothelin receptor (ETR) type B and decreases trophoblast migration and invasion. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: MMP14 and MMP15 are involved in trophoblast invasion. Impairment of invasion has been linked to pregnancy complications such as pre-eclampsia (PE)...
January 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861702/placental-implantation-and-migration-following-a-previous-caesarean-section-scar
#17
Reihaneh Pirjani, Farahnaz Seifmanesh, Afsaneh Tehranian, Ladan Hosseini, Reza Heidari, Alireza Ghajar, Mahdi Sepidarkish
This prospective cohort study was conducted in Arash Women's Hospital between August 2014 and August 2015 to define the relationship between caesarean section scar and placental implantation and migration. Seven hundred and thirty women with one previous birth (caesarean section or vaginal delivery) and a singleton pregnancy underwent three ultrasound examinations for placental evaluation at 11-14, 20 and 34 weeks gestation. Previous caesarean section was related to the increased odds of anterior placental implantation but no relation was seen between low-lying placenta or placenta praevia and previous caesarean...
November 11, 2016: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853262/the-lnc-rna-spry4-it1-modulates-trophoblast-cell-invasion-and-migration-by-affecting-the-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition
#18
Qing Zuo, Shiyun Huang, Yanfen Zou, Yetao Xu, Ziyan Jiang, Shan Zou, Haoqing Xu, Lizhou Sun
Preeclampsia is a common, pregnancy-specific disease and a major contributor to maternal and foetal morbidity and mortality. Some placental abnormalities, including deficient implantation, abnormal trophoblast cell function, and improper placental vascular development, are believed to lead to preeclampsia. The long noncoding RNA SPRY4-IT1 is more highly expressed in preeclamptic human placentas than in normal placentas. We assessed the role of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT)-associated invasion and migration in HTR-8/SVneo trophoblast cells...
November 17, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849611/notch1-controls-development-of-the-extravillous-trophoblast-lineage-in-the-human-placenta
#19
Sandra Haider, Gudrun Meinhardt, Leila Saleh, Christian Fiala, Jürgen Pollheimer, Martin Knöfler
Development of the human placenta and its different epithelial trophoblasts is crucial for a successful pregnancy. Besides fusing into a multinuclear syncytium, the exchange surface between mother and fetus, progenitors develop into extravillous trophoblasts invading the maternal uterus and its spiral arteries. Migration into these vessels promotes remodelling and, as a consequence, adaption of blood flow to the fetal-placental unit. Defects in remodelling and trophoblast differentiation are associated with severe gestational diseases, such as preeclampsia...
November 29, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848279/a-transcriptional-switch-point-during-hematopoietic-stem-and-progenitor-cell-ontogeny
#20
Daisuke Sugiyama, Anagha Joshi, Kasem Kulkeaw, Keai Sinn Tan, Tomoko Yokoo-Inoue, Chiyo Mizuochi-Yanagi, Kaori Yasuda, Atsushi Doi, Tadafumi Iino, Masayoshi Itoh, Sayaka Nagao-Sato, Kenzaburo Tani, Koichi Akashi, Yoshihide Hayashizaki, Harukazu Suzuki, Hideya Kawaji, Piero Carninci, Alistair R R Forrest
During mammalian embryogenesis, hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells (HSPCs) originate from mesoderm-derived endothelial cells in the aorta-gonad-mesonephros (AGM) region and placenta (PL). Later, HSPCs expand in fetal liver (FL) and migrate to bone marrow (BM) shortly before birth. Understanding global transcriptional regulation governing HSPC emergence from embryonic stem/induced pluripotent stem cells is necessary to devise clinical applications, such as novel transplantation approaches. In this study, to assess transcriptional dynamics during development, we performed cap analysis of gene expression on 10 developmental murine HSPC populations isolated from the AGM region, PL, FL, and BM and identified 15,681 transcripts across HSPC ontogeny...
January 24, 2017: Stem Cells and Development
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