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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727656/potential-association-of-il1b-polymorphism-with-iron-deficiency-risk-in-childhood-helicobacter-pylori-infection
#1
Szu-Ta Chen, Yen-Hsuan Ni, Shing-Hwa Liu
OBJECTIVE: Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection occurs predominantly in childhood. Host immune response gene polymorphism is reported to affect the susceptibility to H. pylori infection and the outcome of H. pylori-related gastric cancer. However, not all H. pylori-infected patients exhibit iron deficiency. The relationship between host genetic polymorphisms and iron deficiency mediated by H. pylori infection is not well understood. METHODS: Subjects (n = 644) from the general population aged 10 to 18 years were divided into two groups based on serology testing for anti-H...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715406/genetic-polymorphisms-of-the-il6-and-nod2-genes-are-risk-factors-for-inflammatory-reactions-in-leprosy
#2
Carolinne Sales-Marques, Cynthia Chester Cardoso, Lucia Elena Alvarado-Arnez, Ximena Illaramendi, Anna Maria Sales, Mariana de Andréa Hacker, Mayara Garcia de Mattos Barbosa, José Augusto da Costa Nery, Roberta Olmo Pinheiro, Euzenir Nunes Sarno, Antonio Guilherme Pacheco, Milton Ozório Moraes
The pathways that trigger exacerbated immune reactions in leprosy could be determined by genetic variations. Here, in a prospective approach, both genetic and non-genetic variables influencing the amount of time before the development of reactional episodes were studied using Kaplan-Meier survival curves, and the genetic effect was estimated by the Cox proportional-hazards regression model. In a sample including 447 leprosy patients, we confirmed that gender (male), and high bacillary clinical forms are risk factors for leprosy reactions...
July 17, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713365/what-s-normal-immune-profiling-of-human-milk-from-healthy-women-living-in-different-geographical-and-socioeconomic-settings
#3
Lorena Ruiz, Irene Espinosa-Martos, Cristina García-Carral, Susana Manzano, Michelle K McGuire, Courtney L Meehan, Mark A McGuire, Janet E Williams, James Foster, Daniel W Sellen, Elizabeth W Kamau-Mbuthia, Egidioh W Kamundia, Samwel Mbugua, Sophie E Moore, Linda J Kvist, Gloria E Otoo, Kimberly A Lackey, Katherine Flores, Rossina G Pareja, Lars Bode, Juan M Rodríguez
Human milk provides a very wide range of nutrients and bioactive components, including immune factors, human milk oligosaccharides, and a commensal microbiota. These factors are essential for interconnected processes including immunity programming and the development of a normal infant gastrointestinal microbiome. Newborn immune protection mostly relies on maternal immune factors provided through milk. However, studies dealing with an in-depth profiling of the different immune compounds present in human milk and with the assessment of their natural variation in healthy women from different populations are scarce...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710554/morphofunctional-changes-after-sleeve-gastrectomy-and-very-low-calorie-diet-in-an-animal-model-of-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#4
Eider Talavera-Urquijo, Sarai Rodríguez-Navarro, Marc Beisani, Maria Teresa Salcedo-Allende, Aisha Chakkur, Marc Arús-Avilés, Manel Cremades, Salvador Augustin, María Martell, José M Balibrea
BACKGROUND: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most prevalent chronic liver disease and is found in 70% of obese people. The evidence available to date suggests that bariatric surgery could be an effective treatment by reducing weight and also by improving metabolic complications in the long term. This work aimed to compare, in a diet-induced NAFLD animal model, the effect of both sleeve gastrectomy (SG) and very-low calorie diet (VLCD). METHODS: Thirty-five Wistar rats were divided into control rats (n = 7) and obese rats fed a high-fat diet (HFD)...
July 15, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708803/hydrodynamic-il10-gene-transfer-in-human-colon-results-from-an-ex-vivo-study-with-potential-clinical-application-in-crohn-s-disease
#5
Matteo Frasson, Luis Sendra, Antonio Miguel, Maria José Herrero, Eva Montalvá, Rafael López-Andújar, Juan Martínez-Pastor, Luis Martí-Bonmatí, Eduardo García Granero, Salvador Aliño
BACKGROUND: The aim of this work is to evaluate the efficacy of hydrodynamic venous IL10 gene delivery to "ex vivo" human colon segments and to determine its potential interest in Crohn's disease treatment. METHODS: Twenty human colon segments were obtained from surgical resections. Hydrodynamic transfection through the main vein of the pedicle with 50 mL of hIL10 plasmid (20 μg/mL) solution was performed on 13 of them. Tissue sections were cultured and DNA, RNA, and protein copies were determined after 1, 2, and 4 days...
August 2017: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706983/preimplantation-kidney-biopsies-of-extended-criteria-donors-have-a-heavier-inflammatory-burden-than-kidneys-from-standard-criteria-donors
#6
Camila M Mazeti-Felicio, Heloisa C Caldas, Ida M M Fernandes-Charpiot, Camila Z Dezotti, Maria A S F Baptista, Mario Abbud-Filho
BACKGROUND: Donors after brain death develop a systemic proinflammatory state that may predispose the kidneys to injury after transplantation. Because it is not known whether this inflammatory environment similarly affects the kidneys from expanded criteria donor (ECD) and standard criteria donors (SCD), we sought to evaluate differences in the gene expression of inflammatory cytokines in preimplantation biopsies (PIBx) from ECD and SCD kidneys. METHODS: Cytokines gene expression was measured in 80 PIBx (SCD, 52; ECD, 28) and associated with donor variables...
July 2017: Transplantation Direct
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705542/effect-of-coronary-artery-disease-risk-snps-on-serum-cytokine-levels-and-cytokine-imbalance-in-premature-coronary-artery-disease
#7
Wafa M Ansari, Steve E Humphries, Abdul K Naveed, Omer J Khan, Dilshad A Khan, Ejaz Hassan Khattak
BACKGROUND: Premature Coronary Artery Disease (PCAD) occurs almost a decade earlier in the South Asian population as compared to the West. Inclusion of genetic information can prove to be a robust measure to improve early risk prediction of PCAD. Aim was to estimate the genotypic distribution and risk allele frequencies of 13 Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) risk Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms in loci identified by the CARDIoGRAMplusC4D consortium namely MIA3 rs17465637; 9p21 rs10757274; CXCL12 rs1746048; APOA5 rs662799; APOB rs1042031; LPA rs3798220; LPA 10455872; MRAS rs9818870; LPL rs328; SORT1 rs646776; PCSK9 rs11591147; APOE rs429358; APOE rs7412 in Pakistani PCAD patients and controls...
July 10, 2017: Cytokine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705468/association-of-anti-inflammatory-cytokine-il10-polymorphisms-with-motoric-cognitive-risk-syndrome-in-an-ashkenazi-jewish-population
#8
Sanish Sathyan, Nir Barzilai, Gil Atzmon, Sofiya Milman, Emmeline Ayers, Joe Verghese
Motoric cognitive risk (MCR) syndrome is a newly described predementia syndrome characterized by the presence of cognitive complaints and slow gait, which is associated with increased risk of conversion to dementia. The underlying biological mechanisms for MCR have not yet been established. Neuroinflammation mediated through cytokines plays a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of dementia. Hence, our objective was to prospectively examine whether variations in cytokine genes (CRP, IFNG, IL1A, IL1B, IL4, IL6, IL10, IL18, TNF, and IL12A) play a role in MCR incidence in 530 community-dwelling Ashkenazi Jewish adults aged 65 years and older without MCR or dementia at baseline enrolled in the LonGenity study...
June 19, 2017: Neurobiology of Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700564/long-term-effects-of-adenotonsillectomy-on-serum-specific-immunoglobulin-e
#9
Lijuan Song, Jinfei Guo, Wenjing Liao, Peichang Ye, Li Liu, Tao Chen, Pingchang Yang, Nanshan Zhong, Baoqing Sun, Xiaowen Zhang
BACKGROUND: The biased immune reactions of the adenotonsillar tissues are not always reflected by the serum IgE; thus, we hypothesize that the systemic atopic status may not be changed after the adenotonsillectomy (AT) in children. METHODS: Twenty-five with AT and 23 age-matched healthy childrenwere enrolled into this study, followed-up approximately 4 years. Nasal Symptoms Scores (NSS), Quality of Life Scores (QOLS), specific IgE (sIgE), cytokines, and inflammatory cell were documented in all the subjects before and after study...
July 12, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693884/the-flavonoid-rutin-modulates-microglial-macrophage-activation-to-a-cd150-cd206-m2-phenotype
#10
Alessandra Bispo da Silva, Paulo Lucas Cerqueira Coelho, Jessika Alves Oliveira Amparo, Monique Marylin Alves de Almeida Carneiro, Julita Maria Pereira Borges, Cleide Dos Santos Souza, Maria de Fátima Dias Costa, Miriam Mecha, Carmen Guaza Rodriguez, Victor Diogenes Amaral da Silva, Silvia Lima Costa
Rutin is a glycosylated flavonoid present in many fruits and plants that has been demonstrated to have anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. However, little is known about the mechanisms underlying microglial activation and its effects on the regulation of cytokines and chemokines associated with inflammatory responses in the central nervous system. In this study we examined the effect of rutin on resting or lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated microglia and characterized their modulation to an activated M1 phenotype or an alternatively activated M2 phenotype...
July 8, 2017: Chemico-biological Interactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693373/prenatal-growth-patterns-and-birthweight-are-associated-with-differential-dna-methylation-and-gene-expression-of-cardiometabolic-risk-genes-in-human-placentas-a-discovery-based-approach
#11
Pao-Yang Chen, Alison Chu, Wen-Wei Liao, Liudmilla Rubbi, Carla Janzen, Fei-Man Hsu, Shanthie Thamotharan, Amit Ganguly, Larry Lam, Dennis Montoya, Matteo Pellegrini, Sherin U Devaskar
Inherent genetic programming and environmental factors affect fetal growth in utero. Epidemiologic data in growth-altered fetuses, either intrauterine growth restricted (IUGR) or large for gestational age (LGA), demonstrate that these newborns are at increased risk of cardiometabolic disease in adulthood. There is growing evidence that the in utero environment leads to epigenetic modification, contributing to eventual risk of developing heart disease or diabetes. In this study, we used reduced representation bisulfite sequencing to examine genome-wide DNA methylation variation in placental samples from offspring born IUGR, LGA, and appropriate for gestational age (AGA) and to identify differential methylation of genes important for conferring risk of cardiometabolic disease...
January 1, 2017: Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675984/vitd3-loaded-solid-lipid-nanoparticles-stability-cytotoxicity-and-cytokine-levels
#12
Murat Demirbilek, Nelisa Laçin Türkoglu, Selçuk Aktürk, Cem Akça
Vitamin D3 (VitD3) has several beneficial effects on many metabolic pathways such as immunity system, bone development. The aim of the study, encapsulation of VitD3 with solid lipids, determine encapsulation efficiency and biocompatibility of nanoparticles. Therefore, VitD3-loaded solid lipid nanoparticles (SLNPs) were developed by optimising ratios of VitD3, stearic acid, beeswax and sodium dodecyl sulphate (SDS). Thermal stability, degradation profile, crystallinity rate, encapsulation efficiency and release profile of SLNPs were determined...
July 4, 2017: Journal of Microencapsulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669666/a-randomized-controlled-trial-on-the-efficacy-of-resistant-dextrin-as-functional-food-in-women-with-type-2-diabetes-targeting-the-hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal-axis-and-immune-system
#13
Mahdieh Abbasalizad Farhangi, Ahmad Zare Javid, Bahareh Sarmadi, Poran Karimi, Parvin Dehghan
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this trial was to determine the efficacy of a resistant dextrin on immune-mediated inflammation and hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis in women with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). METHODS: Females (n = 55) with T2DM were randomly allocated into intervention group (n = 30) and control group (n = 25), in which they received 10 g/d of Nutriose(®)06 (a resistant dextrin) or maltodextrin for 8 weeks, respectively. Fasting blood samples were taken to measure immune system related parameters like white blood cell count, CD4, CD8, interferon-γ (IFNγ), interleukins (IL12, IL4, IL10), cortisol, tryptophan (TRP), ACTH (Adrenocorticotropic hormone), Kynurenine (KYN) and plasma lipopolysaccharide (LPS) at the beginning and end of trial...
June 10, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669385/il-10-suppression-of-ifn-%C3%AE-responses-in-tuberculin-stimulated-whole-blood-from-mycobacterium-bovis-infected-cattle
#14
Michael P Sheridan, John A Browne, Mairead B Doyle, Tara Fitzsimons, Kevina McGill, Eamonn Gormley
The measurement of bovine interferon-gamma (IFN-γ) forms the basis of a diagnostic test for bovine tuberculosis where Mycobacterium bovis sensitised effector T cells produce IFN-γ following in vitro stimulation with tuberculin antigens. In cattle infected with M. bovis it is also known that the anti-inflammatory IL-10 cytokine can inhibit in vitro production of IFN-γ leading to a reduced response in the IFN-γ diagnostic test. In order to investigate this in greater detail, whole blood samples from tuberculin skin test positive and negative cattle were stimulated with bovine and avian tuberculin antigens and in parallel with a neutralising anti-IL-10 monoclonal antibody...
July 2017: Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667100/interleukin-10-inhibits-bone-marrow-fibroblast-progenitor-cell-mediated-cardiac-fibrosis-in-pressure-overloaded-myocardium
#15
Suresh K Verma, Venkata N S Garikipati, Prasanna Krishnamurthy, Sarah M Schumacher-Bass, Laurel A Grisanti, Maria Cimini, Zhongjian Cheng, Mohsin Khan, Yujia Yue, Cindy L Benedict, May M Truongcao, Joseph E Rabinowitz, David A Goukassian, Douglas G Tilley, Walter J Koch, Raj Kishore
Background -Activated fibroblasts (myofibroblasts; myoFBs) play critical role in cardiac fibrosis; however, their origin in the diseased heart remains unclear warranting further investigation. Recent studies suggest the contribution of bone marrow fibroblast progenitor cells (BM-FPC) in pressure overload (PO)-induced cardiac fibrosis. We have earlier shown that interleukin-10 (IL10) suppresses PO-induced cardiac fibrosis; however, the role of IL10 in inhibition of BM-FPC-mediated cardiac fibrosis is not known...
June 30, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664719/differences-in-the-expression-of-selected-genes-associated-with-cell-stress-response-in-a-ptsd-patient-and-in-healthy-individuals-a-case-study
#16
Anna Rasmus, Paweł Półrola, Jolanta Góral-Półrola, Małgorzata Żychowska, Andrzej Mirski, Henryk Knapik
<b>Objective.</b> The aim of the study was determination of the level in expression genes associated with cell stress response in a patient with PTSD. <b>Case study.</b> A 57-year-old PTSD patient, A.P., was the subject of the study. Blood samples were taken from the ulnar vein to assess the relative expression of the tested genes in leukocytes via a quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). <b>Results.</b> A considerably decreased level in the expression HSF-1, NF-kB, Hif-1 and IL6 m-RNA was observed in the patient when compared to the control group...
June 12, 2017: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664613/yb-1-orchestrates-onset-and-resolution-of-renal-inflammation-via-il10-gene-regulation
#17
Jialin Wang, Sonja Djudjaj, Lydia Gibbert, Vera Lennartz, Daniel M Breitkopf, Thomas Rauen, Daniela Hermert, Ina V Martin, Peter Boor, Gerald S Braun, Jürgen Floege, Tammo Ostendorf, Ute Raffetseder
The Y-box-binding protein (YB)-1 plays a non-redundant role in both systemic and local inflammatory response. We analysed YB-1-mediated expression of the immune regulatory cytokine IL-10 in both LPS and sterile inflammation induced by unilateral renal ischaemia-reperfusion (I/R) and found an important role of YB-1 not only in the onset but also in the resolution of inflammation in kidneys. Within a decisive cis-regulatory region of the IL10 gene locus, the fourth intron, we identified and characterized an operative YB-1 binding site via gel shift experiments and reporter assays in immune and different renal cells...
June 30, 2017: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662432/cathelicidin-augments-vdr-dependent-anti-leishmanial-immune-response-in-indian-post-kala-azar-dermal-leishmaniasis
#18
Sushmita Das, Abul Hasan Sardar, Kumar Abhishek, Ajay Kumar, Vidya Nand Rabidas, Pradeep Das
OBJECTIVES: Indian Post kala-azar dermal leishmaniasis (PKDL) is the cutaneous aftermath of visceral leishmaniasis (VL) caused by L. donovani. Vitamin D-regulated cationic antimicrobial peptide cathelicidin (hCAP-18/LL-37) has microbicidal and immunomodulatory role against cutaneous infections, but its role in PKDL remains elusive. METHODS: Skin snips and blood-derived monocytes of PKDL patients (n=46), before (BT) and after (AT) chemotherapy, were used for this study...
June 26, 2017: International Immunopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659758/chronic-oxidative-stress-mitochondrial-dysfunction-nrf2-activation-and-inflammation-in-the-hippocampus-accompany-heightened-systemic-inflammation-and-oxidative-stress-in-an-animal-model-of-gulf-war-illness
#19
Geetha A Shetty, Bharathi Hattiangady, Dinesh Upadhya, Adrian Bates, Sahithi Attaluri, Bing Shuai, Maheedhar Kodali, Ashok K Shetty
Memory and mood dysfunction are the key symptoms of Gulf war illness (GWI), a lingering multi-symptom ailment afflicting >200,000 veterans who served in the Persian Gulf War-1. Research probing the source of the disease has demonstrated that concomitant exposures to anti-nerve gas agent pyridostigmine bromide (PB), pesticides, and war-related stress are among the chief causes of GWI. Indeed, exposures to GWI-related chemicals (GWIR-Cs) and mild stress in animal models cause memory and mood impairments alongside reduced neurogenesis and chronic low-level inflammation in the hippocampus...
2017: Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653038/interleukins-and-large-domestic-animals-a-bibliometric-analysis
#20
Emmanuelle Moreau, François Meurens
Interleukins have been well described in mice and humans. In large domestic animals the situation is drastically different and there is still a need for further researches aiming at identifying all the homologous interleukins and comparing their functions among species. We performed here a bibliometric analysis of all interleukins described in the literature in various large animal species to identify what is known so far and to underline where there is a need for new studies. Using indicators such as H index but also M quotient, A index, G index, GH ratio, and HG index we ranked 39 interleukins identified so far in bovine, caprine, equine, ovine, and porcine, the main large domestic animals...
June 2017: Heliyon
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