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Prediction epidemiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684659/anxiety-sensitivity-and-suicide-risk-among-firefighters-a-test-of-the-depression-distress-amplification-model
#1
Ian H Stanley, Lia J Smith, Joseph W Boffa, Jana K Tran, N Brad Schmidt, Thomas E Joiner, Anka A Vujanovic
BACKGROUND: Firefighters represent an occupational group at increased suicide risk. How suicidality develops among firefighters is poorly understood. The depression-distress amplification model posits that the effects of depression symptoms on suicide risk will be intensified in the context of anxiety sensitivity (AS) cognitive concerns. The current study tested this model among firefighters. METHODS: Overall, 831 firefighters participated (mean [SD] age = 38...
April 7, 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683081/self-blame-and-ptsd-following-sexual-assault-a-longitudinal-analysis
#2
Nora K Kline, Danielle S Berke, Charla A Rhodes, Maria M Steenkamp, Brett T Litz
Sexual assault is a prevalent trauma associated with high rates of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Social,cognitive theories posit that behavioral self-blame (i.e., attributing the cause of the assault to personal peri-event behavior) contributes to the etiology and maintenance of PTSD symptoms. Yet the direction of the association between self-blame and PTSD symptoms in the acute aftermath of sexual assault is unknown. This study evaluated temporal pathways between behavioral self-blame and PTSD symptom severity in an epidemiological sample of sexual assault survivors ( n = 126) assessed at four time points in the months immediately following the assault...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681619/a-decision-tree-for-the-genetic-diagnosis-of-deficiency-of-adenosine-deaminase-2-dada2-a-french-reference-centres-experience
#3
Mélanie Rama, Claire Duflos, Isabelle Melki, Didier Bessis, Axelle Bonhomme, Hélène Martin, Diane Doummar, Stéphanie Valence, Diana Rodriguez, Emilie Carme, David Genevieve, Ketil Heimdal, Antonella Insalaco, Nathalie Franck, Viviane Queyrel-Moranne, Nathalie Tieulie, Jonathan London, Florence Uettwiller, Sophie Georgin-Lavialle, Alexandre Belot, Isabelle Koné-Paut, Véronique Hentgen, Guilaine Boursier, Isabelle Touitou, Guillaume Sarrabay
Deficiency of adenosine deaminase 2 (DADA2) is a recently described autoinflammatory disorder. Genetic analysis is required to confirm the diagnosis. We aimed to describe the identifying symptoms and genotypes of patients referred to our reference centres and to improve the indications for genetic testing. DNA from 66 patients with clinically suspected DADA2 were sequenced by Sanger or next-generation sequencing. Detailed epidemiological, clinical and biological features were collected by use of a questionnaire and were compared between patients with and without genetic confirmation of DADA2...
April 23, 2018: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681522/epidemiologic-observations-guiding-clinical-application-of-a-urinary-peptidomic-marker-of-diastolic-left-ventricular-dysfunction
#4
Zhen-Yu Zhang, Esther Nkuipou-Kenfack, Wen-Yi Yang, Fang-Fei Wei, Nicholas Cauwenberghs, Lutgarde Thijs, Qi-Fang Huang, Ying-Mei Feng, Joost P Schanstra, Tatiana Kuznetsova, Jens-Uwe Voigt, Peter Verhamme, Harald Mischak, Jan A Staessen
Hypertension, obesity, and old age are major risk factors for left ventricular (LV) diastolic dysfunction (LVDD), but easily applicable screening tools for people at risk are lacking. We investigated whether HF1, a urinary biomarker consisting of 85 peptides, can predict over a 5-year time span mildly impaired diastolic LV function as assessed by echocardiography. In 645 white Flemish (50.5% women; 50.9 years [mean]), we measured HF1 by capillary electrophoresis coupled with mass spectrometry in 2005-2010. We measured early (E) and late (A) peak velocities of the transmitral blood flow and early (e') and late (a') mitral annular peak velocities and their ratios in 2009-2013...
March 21, 2018: Journal of the American Society of Hypertension: JASH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680853/osteonecrosis-of-the-jaw-in-patients-traited-by-denosumab-for-malignant-bone-disease-descriptive-study-on-9-cases
#5
R Lan, M Hadj-Saïd, J-M Foletti, E Massereau, C Chossegros
BACKGROUND: This study examines the epidemiological and clinical characteristics and therapeutic outcomes in patients with denosumab related-osteonecrosis of the jaw (DRONJ). MATERIAL AND METHODS: The patients included are all being monitored by three oral and maxillofacial surgery departments for an osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ) linked to denosumab alone for the treatment of malignant bone disease between 2010 and 2016. Clinical and epidemiological data of these patients was indexed and characteristics of the DRONJ were analyzed...
April 22, 2018: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680822/disparities-in-the-estimation-of-glomerular-filtration-rate-according-to-cockcroft-gault-modification-of-diet-in-renal-disease-4-and-chronic-kidney-disease-epidemiology-collaboration-equations-and-relation-with-outcomes-in-patients-with-acute-coronary-syndrome
#6
José Miguel Rivera-Caravaca, Juan Miguel Ruiz-Nodar, Antonio Tello-Montoliu, María Asunción Esteve-Pastor, Miriam Quintana-Giner, Andrea Véliz-Martínez, Esteban Orenes-Piñero, Ana Isabel Romero-Aniorte, Nuria Vicente-Ibarra, Vicente Pernias-Escrig, Luna Carrillo-Alemán, Elena Candela-Sánchez, Ignacio Hortelano, Beatriz Villamía, Miriam Sandín-Rollán, Laura Nuñez-Martínez, Mariano Valdés, Francisco Marín
BACKGROUND: A simple method to assess renal function is the estimated glomerular filtration rate, and it shows prognostic implications. However, it remains unknown which equation should be used in patients with acute coronary syndrome. We compared the ability and correlation of the Cockcroft-Gault, Modification of Diet in Renal Disease-4 (MDRD-4), and Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration (CKD-EPI) equations and their predictive performance for major adverse cardiovascular events, all-cause mortality, and major bleeding in a cohort of patients with acute coronary syndrome...
April 21, 2018: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678910/serotype-diversity-and-antimicrobial-resistance-among-salmonella-enterica-isolated-from-patients-at-an-equine-referral-hospital
#7
I M Leon, S D Lawhon, K N Norman, D S Threadgill, N Ohta, J Vinasco, H M Scott
Although Salmonella enterica can produce life-threatening colitis in horses, certain serotypes are more commonly associated with clinical disease. Our aim was to evaluate the proportional morbidity attributed to different serotypes, as well as phenotypic and genotypic antimicrobial resistance (AMR) of Salmonella isolated from patients at an equine referral hospital in the southern United States. Two-hundred-fifty-five Salmonella isolates were obtained from clinical samples of patients admitted to the hospital between 2007 and 2015...
April 20, 2018: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677111/genome-characterization-of-a-pathogenic-porcine-rotavirus-b-strain-identified-in-buryat-republic-russia-in-2015
#8
Konstantin P Alekseev, Aleksey A Penin, Alexey N Mukhin, Kizkhalum M Khametova, Tatyana V Grebennikova, Anton G Yuzhakov, Anna S Moskvina, Maria I Musienko, Sergey A Raev, Alexandr M Mishin, Alexandr P Kotelnikov, Oleg A Verkhovsky, Taras I Aliper, Eugeny A Nepoklonov, Diana M Herrera-Ibata, Frances K Shepherd, Douglas G Marthaler
An outbreak of enteric disease of unknown etiology with 60% morbidity and 8% mortality in weaning piglets occurred in November 2015 on a farm in Buryat Republic, Russia. Metagenomic sequencing revealed the presence of rotavirus B in feces from diseased piglets while no other pathogens were identified. Clinical disease was reproduced in experimentally infected piglets, yielding the 11 RVB gene segments for strain Buryat15, with an RVB genotype constellation of G12-P[4]-I13-R4-C4-M4-A8-N10-T4-E4-H7. This genotype constellation has also been identified in the United States...
April 20, 2018: Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677082/artificial-intelligence-can-predict-daily-trauma-volume-and-average-acuity
#9
David P Stonko, Bradley M Dennis, Richard D Betzold, Allan B Peetz, Oliver L Gunter, Oscar D Guillamondegui
INTRODUCTION: The goal of this study was to integrate temporal and weather data in order to create an artificial neural network (ANN) to predict trauma volume, the number of emergent operative cases, and average daily acuity at a level 1 trauma center. METHODS: Trauma admission data from TRACS and weather data from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) was collected for all adult trauma patients from July 2013-June 2016. The ANN was constructed using temporal (time, day of week), and weather factors (daily high, active precipitation) to predict four points of daily trauma activity: number of traumas, number of penetrating traumas, average ISS, and number of immediate OR cases per day...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676626/chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-and-herbicide-exposure-in-vietnam-era-u-s-army-chemical-corps-veterans
#10
Yasmin Cypel, Stella E Hines, Victoria J Davey, Stephanie M Eber, Aaron I Schneiderman
RATIONALE: Past research demonstrates a possible association between herbicide exposure and respiratory health. Biologic plausibility and inhalation as a mode of exposure further support the contention that herbicides may act as adverse contributors to respiratory status, especially in military personnel who were responsible for chemical maintenance and distribution during the Vietnam War. OBJECTIVES: This study examines the association between chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and herbicide exposure among Vietnam-era U...
April 2018: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676221/prognostic-biomarkers-for-cholangiocarcinoma-and-their-clinical-implications
#11
Charupong Saengboonmee, Kanlayanee Sawanyawisuth, Yoavalux Chamgramol, Sopit Wongkham
Cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) is a poorly prognostic cancer with limited treatment options. Most patients have unresectable tumors when they are diagnosed and the chemotherapies provided are of limited benefit. Prognostic markers are therefore necessary to predict the disease outcome, risk of relapse, or to suggest the best treatment option. Areas covered: This article provides an up-to-date review of biomarkers with promising characteristics to be prognostic markers for CCA reported in the past 5 years. The biomarkers are sub-classified into tissue and serum markers...
April 20, 2018: Expert Review of Anticancer Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675096/nomograms-to-predict-individual-prognosis-of-patients-with-primary-small-cell-carcinoma-of-the-bladder
#12
Fan Dong, Yifan Shen, Fengbin Gao, Xiao Shi, Tianyuan Xu, Xianjin Wang, Xiaohua Zhang, Shan Zhong, Minguang Zhang, Shanwen Chen, Zhoujun Shen
Objectives: To develop reliable nomograms to estimate individualized overall survival (OS) and cancer specific survival (CSS) for patients with primary small cell carcinoma of the bladder (SCCB) and compare the predictive value with the AJCC stages. Patients and Methods: 582 eligible SCCB patients identified in the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) dataset were randomly divided into training (n=482) and validation (n=100) cohorts. Akaike information criterion was used to select the clinically important variables in multivariate Cox models when establishing nomograms...
2018: Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674363/study-protocol-on-criterion-validation-of-edinburgh-postnatal-depression-scale-epds-patient-health-questionnaire-phq-9-and-centre-for-epidemiological-studies-depression-ces-d-screening-tools-among-rural-postnatal-women-a-cross-sectional-study
#13
James January, Moses John Chimbari
BACKGROUND: Screening women for postnatal depression (PND) provides an opportunity to reach undetected cases and enhance pregnancy outcomes. In Zimbabwe, no validation of depression screening tools has been done on postnatal women in rural settings. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to determine criterion validity of the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS), the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) and the Center for Epidemiological Studies-Depression (CES-D) scale using the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders (DSM-5) criteria as the reference standard...
April 19, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673602/a-comparison-of-accuracy-and-computational-feasibility-of-two-record-linkage-algorithms-in-retrieving-vital-status-information-from-hiv-aids-patients-registered-in-brazilian-public-databases
#14
Adelzon Assis de Paula, Denise Franqueira Pires, Pedro Alves Filho, Kátia Regina Valente de Lemos, Eduardo Barçante, Antonio Guilherme Pacheco
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: While cross-referencing information from people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) to the official mortality database is a critical step in monitoring the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Brazil, the accuracy of the linkage routine may compromise the validity of the final database, yielding to biased epidemiological estimates. We compared the accuracy and the total runtime of two linkage algorithms applied to retrieve vital status information from PLWHA in Brazilian public databases...
June 2018: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673392/geographical-information-system-gis-modeling-territory-receptivity-to-strengthen-entomological-surveillance-anopheles-nyssorhynchus-case-study-in-rio-de-janeiro-state-brazil
#15
Hermano Gomes Albuquerque, Paulo Cesar Peiter, Luciano M Toledo, Jeronimo A F Alencar, Paulo C Sabroza, Cristina G Dias, Jefferson P C Santos, Martha C Suárez-Mutis
BACKGROUND: Extra-Amazonian malaria mortality is 60 times higher than the Amazon malaria mortality. Imported cases correspond to approximately 90% of extra-Amazonian cases. Imported malaria could be a major problem if it occurs in areas with receptivity, because it can favor the occurrence of outbreaks or reintroductions of malaria in those areas. This study aimed to model territorial receptivity for malaria to serve as an entomological surveillance tool in the State of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil...
April 19, 2018: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672736/all-pins-are-not-created-equal-communicating-skin-cancer-visually-on-pinterest
#16
Sung-Eun Park, Lu Tang, Bijie Bie, Degui Zhi
We analyze the visual characteristics of skin cancer pins, including use of human image, use of fear-invoking image, pin composition, color, and text legibility. We also explore how these visual characteristics as well as information richness predict Pinterest users' participative engagement. A combination of descriptive and predictive content analysis of 708 pins is conducted. The demographic characteristics of human models are consistent with epidemiology data. Text legibility in bodycopy is low. Information richness is a significant predictor of number of repins in all pins except pins on melanoma with human models...
April 17, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672365/the-impact-of-epidemiological-factors-and-treatment-interventions-on-survival-in-patients-with-signet-ring-cell-carcinoma-of-the-pancreas
#17
Mausam Patel, Harliv S Hans, Kelsey Pan, Humza Khan, Elie Donath, Humberto Caldera
OBJECTIVES: Primary pancreatic signet ring cell carcinoma (SRCC) is a rare histologic variant of pancreatic carcinoma. A population-based analysis of pancreatic SRCC was performed to determine the predictive effects of epidemiological factors and treatment interventions on overall survival (OS) and disease-specific survival (DSS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results registry was searched for pancreatic SRCC cases diagnosed between January 1, 1973 and December 31, 2013...
April 18, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670671/the-association-between-glomerular-filtration-rate-estimated-using-different-equations-and-mortality-in-the-japanese-community-based-population-the-yamagata-takahata-study
#18
Asami Kabasawa, Tsuneo Konta, Natsuko Suzuki, Keita Kamei, Sayumi Watanabe, Akira Araumi, Eri Matsuki, Soichiro Kon, Midori Oyama, Kazunobu Ichikawa, Kenichi Ishizawa, Yoshiyuki Ueno, Hidetoshi Yamashita, Takamasa Kayama, Isao Kubota
Background: To evaluate renal function, the indices of estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) obtained using several equations, including the Japanese versions of the serum creatinine-based MDRD equation (eGFRcreat), Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration equation (eGFR-EPI), and serum cystatin C-based equation (eGFRcys), are utilized. This study prospectively examined the association between these eGFR values and all-cause mortality during a 12-year observational period in a community-based population...
2018: Disease Markers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670401/the-impact-of-the-lymph-node-density-on-overall-survival-in-patients-with-wilms-tumor-a-seer-analysis
#19
Haisheng You, Jin Yang, Qingqing Liu, Lina Tang, Qingting Bu, Zhenyu Pan, Jun Lyu
Objective: The objective of this study was to determine the impact of the lymph node density (LND) on overall survival of patients with Wilms' tumor (WT) using the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database. Methods: Data from the SEER database were extracted from patients with WT in whom the LND could be obtained. Patients were divided into a low LND group and high LND group. Survival curves based on the LND stratification were plotted using the Kaplan-Meier method and compared with the log-rank test...
2018: Cancer Management and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670390/epidemiological-factors-and-worldwide-pattern-of-middle-east-respiratory-syndrome-coronavirus-from-2013-to-2016
#20
Javad Aghazadeh-Attari, Iraj Mohebbi, Behnam Mansorian, Jamal Ahmadzadeh, Mohammad Mirza-Aghazadeh-Attari, Kazhal Mobaraki, Sima Oshnouei
Background: Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) is an emerging threat to global health security with high intensity and lethality. This study was conducted to investigate epidemiological factors and patterns related to this disease. Methods: Full details of MERS-CoV cases available on the disease outbreak news section of the World Health Organization official website from January 2013 to November 2016 were retrieved; demographic and clinical information, global distribution status, potential contacts, and probable risk factors for the mortality of laboratory-confirmed MERS-CoV cases were extracted and analyzed by following standard statistical methods...
2018: International Journal of General Medicine
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