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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900751/-reflection-on-the-differences-and-similarities-of-mental-health-care-in-virginia-and-taiwan-geography-history-culture-and-nurse-practitioners
#1
Chueh-Fen Lu, Ching-Chuan Tung, Linda Ely
Sponsored by the pilot overseas internships project of the Ministry of Education, Taiwan, the authors and ten undergraduate students from Taiwan visited several mental health facilities in Virginia for one month. These facilities included the Catawba State Hospital, Salem Veteran Affairs Medical Center, Carilion Saint Albans Behavioral Health (New River Valley Medical Center), Warm Hearth Village, Adult & Child Family Counseling private outpatient clinic, the Free Clinic of the New River Valley, New Life Clubhouse, and Self-Government Program for Assertive Community Treatment...
December 2016: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898697/risk-of-death-influences-regional-variation-in-intensive-care-unit-admission-rates-among-the-elderly-in-the-united-states
#2
Colin R Cooke
RATIONALE: The extent to which geographic variability in ICU admission across the United States is driven by patients with lower risk of death is unknown. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether patients at low to moderate risk of death contribute to geographic variation in ICU admission. METHODS: Retrospective cohort of hospitalizations among Medicare beneficiaries (age > 64 years) admitted for ten common medical and surgical diagnoses (2004 to 2009)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812718/pancreatic-cancer-survival-outcomes-at-a-tertiary-medical-center-based-on-sex-and-geographic-location
#3
Anjana Sathyamurthy, Harleen Chela, Bhupinder Romana, Mohamad Yousef, Jessica Winn, Richard Madsen, Matthew Bechtold, Akwi W Asombang
OBJECTIVES: To describe the survival outcomes of patients with histologically proven primary pancreatic cancer based on geographic location and sex. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of medical records from 2009 through 2013 of patients with pancreatic cancer using International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision code 157.9 and International Statistical Classification of Diseases, 10th Revision code C 25.9. The variables extracted included demographics, date of diagnosis, mode of diagnosis, duration, treatment methods, family history, history of chronic pancreatitis, and diabetes mellitus...
November 2016: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808070/geographic-eponyms-a-history-of-geography-in-medicine
#4
Maharra Hussain, Sanjay A Pai
Geographic eponyms have commonly been used in medical terminology, with diseases and medical entities being named after the place where the condition was discovered (e.g. Bombay Blood group) or invented (Jaipur Foot) or where the disease was first detected (Rocky Mountain Spotted fever) or where a consensus meeting has been held (Banff) or for other reasons (Argentina flag, Congo red stain). In 2015, the WHO decided to adopt a politically correct method to name infectious diseases in the future. We illustrate, in verse form, some of the places that have been used in medical terminology, over the centuries...
May 2016: National Medical Journal of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783613/voluntary-medical-male-circumcision-for-hiv-prevention-new-mathematical-models-for-strategic-demand-creation-prioritizing-subpopulations-by-age-and-geography
#5
Catherine Hankins, Mitchell Warren, Emmanuel Njeuhmeli
Over 11 million voluntary medical male circumcisions (VMMC) have been performed of the projected 20.3 million needed to reach 80% adult male circumcision prevalence in priority sub-Saharan African countries. Striking numbers of adolescent males, outside the 15-49-year-old age target, have been accessing VMMC services. What are the implications of overall progress in scale-up to date? Can mathematical modeling provide further insights on how to efficiently reach the male circumcision coverage levels needed to create and sustain further reductions in HIV incidence to make AIDS no longer a public health threat by 2030? Considering ease of implementation and cultural acceptability, decision makers may also value the estimates that mathematical models can generate of immediacy of impact, cost-effectiveness, and magnitude of impact resulting from different policy choices...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777030/the-geography-of-imported-malaria-to-non-endemic-countries-a-meta-analysis-of-nationally-reported-statistics
#6
Andrew J Tatem, Peng Jia, Dariya Ordanovich, Michael Falkner, Zhuojie Huang, Rosalind Howes, Simon I Hay, Peter W Gething, David L Smith
BACKGROUND: Malaria remains a problem for many countries classified as malaria free through cases imported from endemic regions. Imported cases to non-endemic countries often result in delays in diagnosis, are expensive to treat, and can sometimes cause secondary local transmission. The movement of malaria in endemic countries has also contributed to the spread of drug resistance and threatens long-term eradication goals. Here we focused on quantifying the international movements of malaria to improve our understanding of these phenomena and facilitate the design of mitigation strategies...
October 21, 2016: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774350/the-art-of-hiv-elimination-past-and-present-science
#7
Collins C Iwuji, Nuala McGrath, Tulio de Oliveira, Kholoud Porter, Deenan Pillay, Martin Fisher, Melanie Newport, Marie-Louise Newell
INTRODUCTION: Remarkable strides have been made in controlling the HIV epidemic, although not enough to achieve epidemic control. More recently, interest in biomedical HIV control approaches has increased, but substantial challenges with the HIV cascade of care hinder successful implementation. We summarise all available HIV prevention methods and make recommendations on how to address current challenges. DISCUSSION: In the early days of the epidemic, behavioural approaches to control the HIV dominated, and the few available evidence-based interventions demonstrated to reduce HIV transmission were applied independently from one another...
November 30, 2015: Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749012/injury-trends-from-envenoming-in-australia-2000-2013
#8
Ronelle E Welton, David J Williams, Danny Liew
BACKGROUND: This study provides the first contemporary epidemiological insight into venomous injuries based on demographics and geography in Australia in the timeframe 2000-2013. METHODS: Analysis of national hospitalisation and mortality data to examine the incidence of injury and death due to envenoming in Australia. Rates were calculated using the intercensal population for all Australian age groups. RESULTS: Over the study period, deaths were due to an anaphylactic event (0...
October 17, 2016: Internal Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27742697/visualizing-the-geography-of-genetic-variants
#9
Joseph H Marcus, John Novembre
: One of the key characteristics of any genetic variant is its geographic distribution. The geographic distribution can shed light on where an allele first arose, what populations it has spread to, and in turn on how migration, genetic drift, and natural selection have acted. The geographic distribution of a genetic variant can also be of great utility for medical/clinical geneticists and collectively many genetic variants can reveal population structure. Here we develop an interactive visualization tool for rapidly displaying the geographic distribution of genetic variants...
October 14, 2016: Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27719679/community-perspectives-on-the-determinants-of-maternal-health-in-rural-southern-mozambique-a-qualitative-study
#10
Tabassum Firoz, Marianne Vidler, Prestige Tatenda Makanga, Helena Boene, Rogério Chiaú, Esperança Sevene, Laura A Magee, Peter von Dadelszen, Khátia Munguambe
BACKGROUND: Mozambique has one of the highest rates of maternal mortality in sub-Saharan Africa. The main influences on maternal health encompass social, economic, political, environmental and cultural determinants of health. To effectively address maternal mortality in the post-2015 agenda, interventions need to consider the determinants of health so that their delivery is not limited to the health sector. The objective of this exploratory qualitative study was to identify key community groups' perspectives on the perceived determinants of maternal health in rural areas of southern Mozambique...
September 30, 2016: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27665686/16th-international-medical-geography-symposium-special-collection-a-current-snapshot-of-health-geography
#11
Valorie A Crooks, Meghan Winters
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27617617/there-s-no-place-like-home-an-analysis-of-migration-patterns-of-dermatology-residents-prior-to-during-and-after-their-training
#12
Allison J Chen, Julia Schwartz, Alexandra B Kimball
Previous studies have established migration patterns between the geographic location of physicians' residency programs and their first post-training job. Our study explores the patterns of migration of pre-residency education locations with residency and post-residency geography. We analyzed responses to an annual survey administered between 2008 and 2013 to participants of the board examination review courses organized by Galderma Laboratories. Geography of high school (HS), medical school (MS), residency, and first job location were highly correlated...
2016: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27611662/global-health-geographical-contingency-and-contingent-geographies
#13
Clare Herrick
Health geography has emerged from under the "shadow of the medical" to become one of the most vibrant of all the subdisciplines. Yet, this success has also meant that health research has become increasingly siloed within this subdisciplinary domain. As this article explores, this represents a potential lost opportunity with regard to the study of global health, which has instead come to be dominated by anthropology and political science. Chief among the former's concerns are exploring the gap between the programmatic intentions of global health and the unintended or unanticipated consequences of their deployment...
May 3, 2016: Annals of the American Association of Geographers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27594107/community-pharmacy-staff-perceptions-on-preventing-alcohol-and-medication-interactions-in-older-adults
#14
Faika Zanjani, Lauren Crook, Rachel Smith, Demetra Antimisiaris, Nancy Schoenberg, Catherine Martin, Richard Clayton
OBJECTIVES: To examine rural and urban pharmacy staff perceptions on messaging, barriers, and motivators for preventing alcohol and medication interactions (AMI) in older adults (≥65 years of age). METHODS: A survey was distributed through the local pharmacist association and statewide pharmacy registry in Kentucky. A total of 255 responses were received from pharmacists, pharmacy technicians, and pharmacy students. RESULTS: Across rural and urban regions alike, among the AMI prevention messages provided, participants identified the most important messages to be: AMI can be potentially dangerous and life threatening; emergency rooms should be used when experiencing an AMI; and doctors and pharmacists should be consulted about AMI...
September 2016: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27588580/racial-and-ethnic-differences-in-end-of-life-medicare-expenditures
#15
Elena Byhoff, John A Harris, Kenneth M Langa, Theodore J Iwashyna
OBJECTIVES: To determine to what extent demographic, social support, socioeconomic, geographic, medical, and End-of-Life (EOL) planning factors explain racial and ethnic variation in Medicare spending during the last 6 months of life. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Health and Retirement Study (HRS). PARTICIPANTS: Decedents who participated in HRS between 1998 and 2012 and previously consented to survey linkage with Medicare claims (N = 7,105)...
September 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27576024/exposure-to-and-attitudes-regarding-transgender-education-among-urology-residents
#16
Geolani W Dy, Nathan C Osbun, Shane D Morrison, David W Grant, Paul A Merguerian
INTRODUCTION: Transgender individuals are underserved within the health care system but might increasingly seek urologic care as insurers expand coverage for medical and surgical gender transition. AIM: To evaluate urology residents' exposure to transgender patient care and their perceived importance of transgender surgical education. METHODS: Urology residents from a representative sample of U.S. training programs were asked to complete a cross-sectional survey from January through March 2016...
October 2016: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27574000/styles-of-knowledge-production-in-colombia-1850-1920
#17
Mónica García, Stefan Pohl-Valero
Argument Using the notion of styles of knowledge we refer to the ways diverse scientific communities claim to produce true knowledge, their understandings regarding the attitudes and values that scientists should have in order to grasp natural and social reality, and the practices and technologies developed within such styles. This paper analyzes scientific and medical enterprises that explored the relationship between environment, population, and society in Colombia between 1850 and 1920. We argue that similar styles of knowledge production were shared in human geography, medical geography, and climatic physiology at the mid-nineteenth century; and that some physicians working in bacteriology and physiology since the 1880s established epistemic boundaries between their work and earlier scientific activities, while others found these distinctions irrelevant...
September 2016: Science in Context
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27550644/respite-needs-of-families-receiving-palliative-care
#18
Christine H Smith, Carol A Graham, Anthony R Herbert
AIM: The care of a child with a life-limiting condition proves an emotional, physical and financial strain on the family that provides care for their child. Respite care is one way which allows carers to receive some relief and support in the context of this burden of care. The provision of and the requirements for respite in this context is poorly understood. This survey aims to describe the types of respite care families receive, the respite that they would ideally receive and the barriers that prevent this...
August 23, 2016: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27537563/physiatrist-referral-preferences-for-postacute-stroke-rehabilitation
#19
David J Cormier, Megan A Frantz, Ethan Rand, Joel Stein
This study was intended to determine if there is variation among physiatrists in referral preferences for postacute rehabilitation for stroke patients based on physician demographic characteristics or geography.A cross-sectional survey study was developed with 5 fictional case vignettes that included information about medical, social, and functional domains. Eighty-six physiatrist residents, fellows, and attendings were asked to select the most appropriate postacute rehabilitation setting and also to rank, by importance, 15 factors influencing the referral decision...
August 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27530491/evaluating-the-impact-of-the-laborist-model-of-obstetric-care-on-maternal-and-neonatal-outcomes
#20
Sindhu K Srinivas, Dylan S Small, Michelle Macheras, Jesse Y Hsu, Donna Caldwell, Scott Lorch
BACKGROUND: The laborist model of obstetric care represents a change in care delivery with the potential of improving maternal and neonatal outcomes. OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the effectiveness of the laborist model of care compared to the traditional model of obstetric care using specific maternal and neonatal outcome measures. STUDY DESIGN: This is a population cohort study with laborist and nonlaborist hospitals matched 1:2 on delivery volume, geography, teaching status, and neonatal intensive care unit level using data from the National Perinatal Information Center/Quality Analytic Services database...
December 2016: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
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