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Medical geography

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768712/factors-influencing-the-reporting-of-adverse-medical-device-events-qualitative-interviews-with-physicians-about-higher-risk-implantable-devices
#1
Anna R Gagliardi, Ariel Ducey, Pascale Lehoux, Thomas Turgeon, Sue Ross, Patricia Trvovich, Anthony Easty, Chaim Bell, David Urbach
BACKGROUND: Postmarket surveillance of medical devices is reliant on physician reporting of adverse medical device events (AMDEs). Little is known about factors that influence whether and how physicians report AMDEs, an essential step in developing behaviour change interventions. This study explored factors that influence AMDE reporting. METHODS: Qualitative interviews were conducted with physicians who differed by specialties that implant cardiovascular and orthopaedic devices prone to AMDEs, geography and years in practice...
August 2, 2017: BMJ Quality & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767262/framing-our-social-disaster-narratives-of-disease-and-sexuality-in-turkey-s-early-republic
#2
Emine Ö Evered, Kyle T Evered
For the early Turkish republic, resource shortages, illiteracy, and geography combined to hamper any achievement of the immediate and universal diffusion of state-authored lessons in public health throughout the country's populace. One of the first steps taken to overcome these obstacles involved the production and publication of a medical atlas. Ideally, this text would serve both to standardize care provided by the state's health professionals and to inform the entire population of their public health obligations and compel their compliance; longer lives, prosperity, and a stronger nation were the promised outcomes...
June 2017: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749317/understanding-the-use-of-geographical-information-systems-gis-in-health-informatics-research-a-review
#3
Nicola Shaw, Suzanne McGuire
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this literature review is to understand geographical information systems (GIS) and how they can be applied to public health informatics, medical informatics, and epidemiology. METHOD: Relevant papers that reflected the use of geographical information systems (GIS) in health research were identified from four academic databases: Academic Search Complete, BioMed Central, PubMed Central, and Scholars Portal, as well as Google Scholar. The search strategy used was to identify articles with "geographic information systems", "GIS", "public health", "medical informatics", "epidemiology", and "health geography" as main subject headings or text words in titles and abstracts...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Innovation in Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726015/community-perceptions-of-hospitals-and-shared-physical-space-a-qualitative-study
#4
Daniel Skinner, Berkeley Franz, Kelly Kelleher, Robert Penfold
In addition to providing critical medical services to communities, hospitals are also forces of broader change when seen from the perspective of neighborhood development. Over the past few decades the obligation on the part of U.S. nonprofit hospitals to positively impact the communities in which they are located has become entrenched in both U.S. tax law and the practices of many hospitals. This article presents findings from a grounded theory qualitative study of the relationship between a non-profit children's hospital in Columbus, Ohio, and the neighborhood in which it is located...
July 19, 2017: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724446/economic-burden-of-malaria-inpatients-during-national-malaria-elimination-programme-estimation-of-hospitalization-cost-and-its-inter-province-variation
#5
Shangfeng Tang, Da Feng, Ruoxi Wang, Bishwajit Ghose, Tao Hu, Lu Ji, Tailai Wu, Hang Fu, Yueying Huang, Zhanchun Feng
BACKGROUND: Apart from its direct impact on public health and well-being, malaria had placed significant socioeconomic burden on both individuals and whole health systems. This study was conducted to investigate the hospitalization cost of malaria and explore the inter-province variation during the National Malaria Elimination Programme in China. METHODS: Information on medical expenditure for malaria treatment was extracted from inpatient medical records in Henan, Hainan and Guangxi Province...
July 19, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708933/colorectal-cancer-screening-at-us-community-health-centers-examination-of-sociodemographic-disparities-and-association-with-patient-provider-communication
#6
Sue C Lin, Duane McKinley, Alek Sripipatana, Laura Makaroff
BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer (CRC) screening rates are low among underserved populations. High-quality patient-physician communication potentially influences patients' willingness to undergo CRC screening. Community health centers (HCs) provide comprehensive primary health care to underserved populations. This study's objectives were to ascertain national CRC screening rates and to explore the relations between sociodemographic characteristics and patient-provider communication on the receipt of CRC screening among HC patients...
July 14, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707548/geographical-assignment-of-hospitalists-in-an-urban-teaching-hospital-feasibility-and-impact-on-efficiency-and-provider-satisfaction
#7
Christine Bryson, Greta Boynton, Anna Stepczynski, Jane Garb, Reva Kleppel, Farzan Irani, Siva Natanasabathpy, Mihaela S Stefan
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether implementation of a geographic model of assigning hospitalists is feasible and sustainable in a large hospitalist program and assess its impact on provider satisfaction, perceived efficiency and patient outcomes. METHODS: Pre (3 months) - post (12 months) intervention study conducted from June 2014 through September 2015 at a tertiary care medical center with a large hospitalist program caring for patients scattered in 4 buildings and 16 floors...
July 14, 2017: Hospital Practice (Minneapolis)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687405/colonization-with-19f-and-other-pneumococcal-conjugate-vaccine-serotypes-in-children-in-st-louis-missouri-usa
#8
Michelle McFarland, Taylor P Szasz, Julie Y Zhou, Kara Motley, Janardan S Sivapalan, Megan Isaacson-Schmid, Elizabeth M Todd, Patrick G Hogan, Stephanie A Fritz, Carey-Ann D Burnham, Steen Hoffmann, Sharon Celeste Morley
BACKGROUND: The epidemiology of nasopharyngeal (NP) pneumococcal carriage varies with geography and has changed in response to pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV): a low prevalence (3% or less of colonizing isolates) of colonization by vaccine-type (VT) pneumococcal serotypes after PCV introduction has been reported. The primary goal of this study was to determine the VT serotype prevalence of NP pneumococcal colonization of children residing in the St. Louis, MO, USA metropolitan area following introduction of the 13-valent PCV in 2010...
July 4, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665068/comparison-of-the-birth-statistics-between-multi-cultural-and-korean-families-in-korea-2015
#9
Sung Hoon Chung, Chong Woo Bae
Since 2002, the number of marriages, births, and family members among multi-cultural families (MCFs) has increased. Beginning in 2006, the government initiated a planned management for such families and has implemented the MCF policy basic plan since 2010. In 2015, with multiple socio-economic and medical support initiatives for MCF being available, we analyzed the statistics for several factors related to birth, to determine whether there are significant adverse birth outcomes in MCF. We analyzed the birth data of MCFs in 2015, from Statistics Korea...
August 2017: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658340/surgery-in-brazilian-health-care-funding-and-physician-distribution
#10
Nivaldo Alonso, Benjamin B Massenburg, Rafael Galli, Lucas Sobrado, Dario Birolini
Objective: to analyze demographic Brazilian medical data from the national public healthcare system (SUS), which provides free universal health coverage for the entire population, and discuss the problems revealed, with particular focus on surgical care. Methods: data was obtained from public healthcare databases including the Medical Demography, the Brazilian Federal Council of Medicine, the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics, and the National Database of Healthcare Establishments...
March 2017: Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620505/world-medical-schools-the-sum-also-rises
#11
Perry G Rigby, Ramnarayan P Gururaja
OBJECTIVE: There is a worldwide shortage of doctors, which is true in most countries and on most continents. To enumerate the number of medical schools in the world at two different times, showing the trends and relating this to population is a beginning. The number is actually going up and has done so for some time; this has increased the supply of physicians and broadened healthcare delivery. DESIGN: The number to count for geographic and regional information about the medical schools relates directly to the supply of doctors...
June 2017: JRSM Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615192/access-to-hyperacute-stroke-services-across-canadian-provinces-a-geospatial-analysis
#12
Prasanna Venkatesan Eswaradass, Richard H Swartz, Jamey Rosen, Michael D Hill, M Patrice Lindsay
BACKGROUND: Canada's vast geography creates challenges for ensuring prompt transport to hospital of patients who have had a stroke. We sought to determine the proportion of people across various Canadian provinces for whom hyperacute stroke services are accessible within evidence-based time targets. METHODS: We calculated, for the 8 provinces with available data, drive-time polygons on a map of Canada that delineated the area around stroke centres and emergency medical services (EMS) base centres to which one can drive in 3...
June 14, 2017: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614244/impact-of-patient-race-and-geographical-factors-on-initiation-and-adherence-to-adjuvant-endocrine-therapy-in-medicare-breast-cancer-survivors
#13
Fabian T Camacho, Xi Tan, Héctor E Alcalá, Surbhi Shah, Roger T Anderson, Rajesh Balkrishnan
To evaluate variations in the use of adjuvant endocrine therapy (AET) by race and geography, this research examined their influence on initiation and adherence to AET in female Medicare enrollees with breast cancer, diagnosed between 2007 and 2011.Using SEER (Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Program)-Medicare data from 2007 to 2001, logistic regressions with random intercept for county of residence were used to predict AET initiation during 1st year and AET adherence assessed by the medication possession ratio (MPR) during year after initiation in a sample of fee-for-service medicare beneficiaries...
June 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582601/hematologic-ris-for-healthy-water-buffaloes-bubalus-bubalis-in-southern-mexico
#14
Oswaldo M Torres-Chable, Nadia F Ojeda-Robertos, Alfonso J Chay-Canul, Jorge A Peralta-Torres, Carlos Luna-Palomera, Nahum Brindis-Vazquez, Bradley J Blitvich, Carlos Machain-Williams, Julian E Garcia-Rejon, Carlos M Baak-Baak, Karin S Dorman, Miguel A Alegria-Lopez
BACKGROUND: Baseline hematologic data are used by veterinarians and wildlife biologists to perform health assessments on target animal species. Hematologic measurements are influenced by various factors including geography. Baseline hematologic RIs have been established for domestic water buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis) from various countries in the Eastern Hemisphere, but these data are not readily available for the Western Hemisphere. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine hematologic values for domestic water buffaloes from several commercial farms in southern Mexico...
June 5, 2017: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552838/medicine-in-balkans-during-the-roman-period
#15
Daniş Baykan
BACKGROUND: The foundation of this study is the declaration (1) I have given at the "5th Balkan Congress on The History & Ethics of Medicine" that took place between October 11 and 15, 2011. Here, the data on medicine in the Balkans during Roman Period will be studied. The main inputs of the study being the tomb-contexts of physicians and medicine-related finds obtained from excavations. The initial text is updated by researching the catalogues over the archaeological finds of related museums (2-4) in Balkan counties specifically after 2010...
May 29, 2017: Balkan Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528753/healthcare-access-and-quality-index-based-on-mortality-from-causes-amenable-to-personal-health-care-in-195-countries-and-territories-1990-2015-a-novel-analysis-from-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2015
#16
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: National levels of personal health-care access and quality can be approximated by measuring mortality rates from causes that should not be fatal in the presence of effective medical care (ie, amenable mortality). Previous analyses of mortality amenable to health care only focused on high-income countries and faced several methodological challenges. In the present analysis, we use the highly standardised cause of death and risk factor estimates generated through the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study (GBD) to improve and expand the quantification of personal health-care access and quality for 195 countries and territories from 1990 to 2015...
July 15, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487448/incidence-of-primary-biliary-cholangitis-in-a-rural-midwestern-population
#17
Rajan Kanth, Ram Babu Shrestha, Indira Rai, Jeffrey J VanWormer, Praveen K Roy
BACKGROUND: Primary biliary cholangitis (PBC) is a rare disease with incidence that varies with time and geography. Only two studies have assessed PBC incidence of in the United States, with the most recent appearing over a decade ago. The objective of the present study was to assess PBC incidence in the United States in a more recent era. METHODS: The incidence of PBC was assessed in a population-based cohort in rural, Midwestern Wisconsin over two decades spanning from June 1992 through June 2011...
May 9, 2017: Clinical Medicine & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482899/improving-access-to-health-care-amongst-vulnerable-populations-a-qualitative-study-of-village-malaria-workers-in-kampot-cambodia
#18
Marco Liverani, Chea Nguon, Ra Sok, Daro Kim, Panharith Nou, Sokhan Nguon, Shunmay Yeung
BACKGROUND: There is growing interest in the expansion of community health workers programmes in low- and middle-income countries as a cost-effective approach to address shortages of health professionals. However, our understanding of the reception of large-scale programmes and how to improve them remains limited, with knowledge gaps about factors that may promote or discourage equitable access to services. This paper examines the case of the Village Malaria Workers (VMW) programme in Cambodia, an extensive community-based intervention for the management of malaria cases in remote rural areas...
May 8, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458331/preliminary-thoughts-on-research-in-medical-humanities
#19
Xiaojing Yun, Jiawei Guo, Haihong Qian
Medical humanities (MH) is an interdisciplinary field of medicine which includes the humanities (literature, philosophy, ethics, history, and religion), social sciences (anthropology, cultural studies, psychology, sociology, and health geography), and the arts (literature, theater, film, and visual arts) and their application to medical education and practice. Studies of MH should not be limited to theoretical discussions. Research results must be translated into use of methodologies to formulate medical policies, guide clinical practices, and help resolve physical or mental problems...
April 29, 2017: Bioscience Trends
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457074/nephrolithiasis-in-israel-epidemiological-characteristics-of-return-patients-in-a-tertiary-care-center
#20
Yasmin Abu-Ghanem, Nir Kleinmann, Harry Z Winkler, Dorit E Zilberman
BACKGROUND: The prevalence and etiology of nephrolithiasis vary, depending on geography, gender and ethnicity. OBJECTIVES: To analyze the demographic data of return nephrolithiasis patients in a tertiary care center. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed our prospective registry database of return patients seen at our outpatient clinic for nephrolithiasis. Data included gender, age at first visit, age at first stone event, body mass index (BMI), self-reported hypertension, diabetes mellitus (DM), and hyperlipidemia...
December 2016: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
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