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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208368/the-end-of-life-costs-for-medicare-patients-with-advanced-ovarian-cancer
#1
Renata R Urban, Hao He, Raphael Alfonso, Melissa M Hardesty, Barbara A Goff
OBJECTIVE: To describe the Medicare payments at the end of life for patients with advanced ovarian cancer, and assess factors responsible for payment variation METHODS: Using the linked Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results (SEER)-Medicare database, we identified a cohort of women with stage III/IV epithelial ovarian cancer diagnosed between 1995 and 2007. We defined the end of life as the last 90days prior to death. Total medical costs were estimated from overall Medicare payments, and adjusted for geography and for inflation to the 2009 U...
December 3, 2017: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194871/are-you-better-a-multi-centre-study-of-patient-defined-recovery-from-complex-regional-pain-syndrome
#2
A Llewellyn, C S McCabe, Y Hibberd, P White, L Davies, J Marinus, R G S M Perez, I Thomassen, F Brunner, C Sontheim, F Birklein, T Schlereth, A Goebel, R Haigh, R Connett, C Maihöfner, L Knudsen, R N Harden, A Zyluk, D Shulman, H Small, F Gobeil, P Moskovitz
BACKGROUND: Complex Regional Pain Syndrome (CRPS) symptoms can significantly differ between patients, fluctuate over time, disappear or persist. This leads to problems in defining recovery and in evaluating the efficacy of therapeutic interventions. OBJECTIVES: To define recovery from the patients' perspective and better understand their priorities for treatment approaches. METHODS: Establishing an international consortium, we used a 2-Round Delphi-based study in eight countries across Europe and North America...
December 1, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168261/-impact-of-drug-reimbursement-policies-on-prescribing-a-case-study-of-a-newly-marketed-long-acting-injectable-antipsychotics-among-relapsed-schizophrenia-patients
#3
John W Jackson, Lisa Fulchino, James Rogers, Helen Mogun, Jennifer Polinski, David C Henderson, Sebastian Schneeweiss, Michael A Fischer
OBJECTIVE: To quantify and explain variation in use of long-acting injectable antipsychotics (LAIs) in the United States, and understand the relationship between patient characteristics, drug reimbursement policies, and LAI prescribing after relapse. METHODS: A cohort of recently relapsed patients with schizophrenia ages 18 to 64, identified immediately after discharge from a related inpatient hospitalization, partial hospitalization, or emergency room visit, drawn from 2004 to 2006 Medicaid claims, and followed for 90 days until LAI initiation...
November 23, 2017: Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162419/leveraging-twitter-to-maximize-the-radiology-meeting-experience
#4
Vivek Kalia, Daniel A Ortiz, Amy K Patel, Andrew K Moriarity, Cheri L Canon, Richard Duszak
Over recent years, social media engagement has proliferated among physicians, health care systems, scientific journals, professional societies, and patients. In radiology, Twitter (Twitter Inc, San Francisco, California) has rapidly become the preferred social media engagement tool and is now an essential activity at many large radiology society meetings. Twitter offers a versatile, albeit simple, platform for anyone interested in engaging with others, regardless of title, stature, or geography. In radiology and other medical specialties, year-after-year increases in Twitter engagement before, during, and after professional society meetings continue with widespread positive feedback...
November 18, 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155372/gut-feeling-researchers-are-discovering-a-link-between-depression-and-gut-bacteria
#5
Mary Bates
The human gut is home to an abundant and diverse community of microbes–each of us carries roughly 100 trillion, representing more than 1,000 different species. The composition of one?s gut microbiota is individually specific, dynamic, and influenced by genetics, diet, age, metabolism, medication use, stress, and geography. These bacteria perform a range of necessary and beneficial functions, including breaking down our food and supporting our immune systems.
November 2017: IEEE Pulse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150152/50-years-of-medical-health-geography-ies-of-health-and-wellbeing
#6
Susan J Elliott
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 10, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141629/the-potential-impact-of-brexit-and-immigration-policies-on-the-gp-workforce-in-england-a-cross-sectional-observational-study-of-gp-qualification-region-and-the-characteristics-of-the-areas-and-population-they-served-in-september-2016
#7
Aneez Esmail, Maria Panagioti, Evangelos Kontopantelis
BACKGROUND: The UK is dependent on international doctors, with a greater proportion of non-UK qualified doctors working in its universal health care system than in any other European country, except Ireland and Norway. The terms of the UK exit from the European Union can reduce the ability of European Economic Area (EEA) qualified doctors to work in the UK, while new visa requirements will significantly restrict the influx of non-EEA doctors. We aimed to explore the implications of policy restrictions on immigration, by regionally and spatially describing the characteristics of general practitioners (GPs) by region of medical qualification and the characteristics of the populations they serve...
November 16, 2017: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101693/towards-a-better-understanding-of-the-therapeutic-applications-and-corresponding-mechanisms-of-action-of-honey
#8
Rifat Ullah Khan, Shabana Naz, Alaeldein M Abudabos
Honey is a bee-derived supersaturated solution composed of complex contents mainly glucose, fructose, amino acids, vitamins, and minerals. Composition of honey may vary due to the difference in nectar, season, geography, and storage condition. Honey has been used since times immemorial in folk medicine and has recently been rediscovered as an excellent therapeutic agent. In the past, honey was used for a variety of ailments without knowing the scientific background and active ingredients of honey. Today, honey has been scientifically proven for its antioxidant, regulation of glycemic response, antitumor, antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, and cardiovascular potentiating agent...
November 3, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091727/the-fine-scale-genetic-structure-and-evolution-of-the-japanese-population
#9
Fumihiko Takeuchi, Tomohiro Katsuya, Ryosuke Kimura, Toru Nabika, Minoru Isomura, Takayoshi Ohkubo, Yasuharu Tabara, Ken Yamamoto, Mitsuhiro Yokota, Xuanyao Liu, Woei-Yuh Saw, Dolikun Mamatyusupu, Wenjun Yang, Shuhua Xu, Yik-Ying Teo, Norihiro Kato
The contemporary Japanese populations largely consist of three genetically distinct groups-Hondo, Ryukyu and Ainu. By principal-component analysis, while the three groups can be clearly separated, the Hondo people, comprising 99% of the Japanese, form one almost indistinguishable cluster. To understand fine-scale genetic structure, we applied powerful haplotype-based statistical methods to genome-wide single nucleotide polymorphism data from 1600 Japanese individuals, sampled from eight distinct regions in Japan...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064337/david-bowie-and-the-art-of-slow-innovation-a-fast-second-winner-strategy-for-biotechnology-and-precision-medicine-global-development
#10
Vural Özdemir, George P Patrinos
Original ideas and innovation cannot always be ordered like a courier service and delivered fresh to our desk at 9 am. Yet, most creativity-based organizations, careers, and professions, science and biotechnology innovation included, emphasize the speed as the prevailing ideology. But a narrow focus on speed has several and overlooked shortcomings. For example, it does not offer the opportunity to draw from, and stitch together disparate concepts and practices for truly disruptive innovation. Preventing false starts, learning from others' or our own mistakes, and customizing innovations for local community needs are difficult in a speed-hungry innovation ecosystem...
November 2017: Omics: a Journal of Integrative Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055781/induced-abortion-among-women-veterans-data-from-the-ecuun-study
#11
Eleanor Bimla Schwarz, Florentina E Sileanu, Xinhua Zhao, Maria K Mor, Lisa S Callegari, Sonya Borrero
OBJECTIVE: We compared rates of induced abortion among women Veterans receiving VA healthcare to rates in the general US population, as current policy prohibits VA provision of abortion counseling or services, even when pregnancy endangers a Veteran's life. METHODS: We analyzed data from 2, 298 women Veterans younger than 45years, who completed a telephone-based, cross-sectional survey of randomly-sampled English-speaking women from across the US who had received VA healthcare...
October 5, 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052409/recommended-composition-of-influenza-virus-vaccines-for-use-in-the-2018-southern-hemisphere-influenza-season
#12
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 20, 2017: Relevé épidémiologique Hebdomadaire
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019458/visualizing-the-geography-of-the-diseases-of-china-western-disease-maps-from-analytical-tools-to-tools-of-empire-sovereignty-and-public-health-propaganda-1878-1929
#13
Marta Hanson
Argument This article analyzes for the first time the earliest western maps of diseases in China spanning fifty years from the late 1870s to the end of the 1920s. The 24 featured disease maps present a visual history of the major transformations in modern medicine from medical geography to laboratory medicine wrought on Chinese soil. These medical transformations occurred within new political formations from the Qing dynasty (1644-1911) to colonialism in East Asia (Hong Kong, Taiwan, Manchuria, Korea) and hypercolonialism within China (Tianjin, Shanghai, Amoy) as well as the new Republican Chinese nation state (1912-49)...
September 2017: Science in Context
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965093/quantifying-sociodemographic-and-income-disparities-in-medical-therapy-and-lifestyle-among-symptomatic-patients-with-suspected-coronary-artery-disease-a-cross-sectional-study-in-north-america
#14
Joseph A Ladapo, Adrian Coles, Rowena J Dolor, Daniel B Mark, Lawton Cooper, Kerry L Lee, Jonathan Goldberg, Michael D Shapiro, Udo Hoffmann, Pamela S Douglas
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate potential gaps in preventive medical therapy and healthy lifestyle practices among symptomatic patients with suspected coronary artery disease (CAD) seeing primary care physicians and cardiologists and how gaps vary by sociodemographic characteristics and baseline cardiovascular risk. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study assessing potential preventive gaps. PARTICIPANTS: 10 003 symptomatic outpatients evaluated by primary care physicians, cardiologists or other specialists for suspected CAD...
September 29, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936486/the-burden-and-social-determinants-of-asthma-for-adults-in-the-state-of-georgia
#15
Mark Ebell, Christian Marchello, Jean O'Connor
BACKGROUND: Asthma is a serious chronic health condition, and social determinants may affect its prevalence. METHODS: Data from the Behavioral Risk Factors Surveillance Survey (BRFSS), the Georgia Asthma Call-back Survey (ACBS), and the Georgia hospital and emergency department survey for patients with a diagnosis of asthma were used. All data were from the years 2011 through 2014. SAS and SUDAAN software were used to calculate weighted prevalence estimates and to perform univariate and multivariate analyses of the association between social determinants, other risk factors, and asthma outcomes...
2017: Journal of the Georgia Public Health Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902404/quality-of-life-after-surgery-for-intracranial-meningioma
#16
Luke S Benz, Margaret R Wrensch, Joellen M Schildkraut, Melissa L Bondy, Joshua L Warren, Joseph L Wiemels, Elizabeth B Claus
BACKGROUND: To the authors' knowledge, limited data exist regarding long-term quality of life (QOL) for patients diagnosed with intracranial meningioma. METHODS: The data in the current study concerned 1722 meningioma cases diagnosed among residents of Connecticut, Massachusetts, California, Texas, and North Carolina from May 1, 2006 through March 14, 2013, and 1622 controls who were frequency matched to the cases by age, sex, and geography. These individuals were participants in a large, population-based, case-control study...
September 13, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874929/trends-and-characteristics-of-emergency-department-visits-for-fall-related-injuries-in-older-adults-2003-2010
#17
Kalpana N Shankar, Shan W Liu, David A Ganz
INTRODUCTION: One third of older adults fall each year, and falls are costly to both the patient in terms of morbidity and mortality and to the health system. Given that falls are a preventable cause of injury, our objective was to understand the characteristics and trends of emergency department (ED) fall-related visits among older adults. We hypothesize that falls among older adults are increasing and examine potential factors associated with this rise, such as race, ethnicity, gender, insurance and geography...
August 2017: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867288/geography-of-genetics-and-genomics-research-funding-in-africa
#18
Eric Coles, George A Mensah
An estimated U.S. $300 billion is spent each year on medical research. What proportion of this goes to genomics and genetics research in Africa? Until recently, this type of question was nearly impossible to answer. The World RePORT database, sponsored by the Heads of International Research Organizations (HIRO) and managed by the National Institutes of Health (NIH), provides a first attempt at answering questions on the distribution of research funding by geography and research organization. In this journal issue on the Human Heredity and Health in Africa (H3Africa), we explore the geography of biomedical research funding in the genomics field with special emphasis on Africa...
June 2017: Global Heart
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856978/traumatic-spinal-cord-injury-in-the-north-east-tanzania-describing-incidence-etiology-and-clinical-outcomes-retrospectively
#19
Haleluya Moshi, Gunnevi Sundelin, Klas-Göran Sahlen, Ann Sörlin
BACKGROUND: Causes, magnitude and consequences of traumatic spinal cord injury depend largely on geography, infrastructure, socioeconomic and cultural activities of a given region. There is a scarcity of literature on profile of traumatic spinal cord injury to inform prevention and rehabilitation of this health condition in African rural settings, particularly Tanzania. OBJECTIVE: To describe the incidence, etiology and clinical outcomes of traumatic spinal cord injury and issues related to retrospective study in underdeveloped setting...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842974/economics-of-inhaled-oxygen-use-as-an-acute-therapy-for-cluster-headache-in-the-united-states-of-america
#20
Megan O'Brien, Janet H Ford, Sheena K Aurora, Sriram Govindan, Deborah E Tepper, Stewart J Tepper
BACKGROUND: Cluster headache (CH) is a primary headache disorder associated with low levels of diagnosis and high unmet medical need. The pain attacks, associated anxiety, and fear in anticipation of the attacks are extremely debilitating to a patient with CH. For acute therapy, treatment guidelines recommend inhalation of high flow oxygen during the period of an attack. However, the use of oxygen for treatment of CH remains largely underutilized. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of the study, which covered each of the US states, were to map the current market landscape of medical grade oxygen for use in CH and to develop a cost simulator based on a patient's needs and geography...
October 2017: Headache
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