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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454242/making-space-work-staff-socio-spatial-practices-in-a-paediatric-outpatient-department
#1
Tineke Water, Jill Wrapson, Stephen Reay, Katrina Ford
Studies of the characteristics of therapeutic landscapes have become common in medical geography. However, there is limited analysis of how therapeutic landscapes are produced. Based upon the qualitative theoretical thematic analysis of focus group data, this study examined the spatial work carried out by healthcare practitioners in a paediatric outpatients' department, turning unsatisfactory space into a therapeutic place. The study highlights the spatial strategies employed by staff to mitigate socio-spatial deficiencies in the healthcare environment...
February 14, 2018: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395547/spinning-hurting-still-afraid-living-life-spaces-with-type-i-chiari-malformation
#2
Gavin J Andrews
Human geography's varied engagement with the brain has involved considerations of the way people know and respond to their environments, and their place-based experiences with emotions, mental illnesses and disorders, intellectual disabilities and particular neurological conditions. This paper argues however that this scholarship could be augmented by, and existing expertise be directed towards, considering physical brain abnormalities and injuries. As a case in point it considers the spatial experience of living with Type 1 Chiari Malformation...
January 27, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277409/the-geography-of-crime-and-violence-surrounding-tobacco-shops-medical-marijuana-dispensaries-and-off-sale-alcohol-outlets-in-a-large-urban-low-income-community-of-color
#3
Andrew M Subica, Jason A Douglas, Nancy J Kepple, Sandra Villanueva, Cheryl T Grills
Tobacco shops, medical marijuana dispensaries (MMD), and off-sale alcohol outlets are legal and prevalent in South Los Angeles, California-a high-crime, low-income urban community of color. This research is the first to explore the geographic associations between these three legal drug outlets with surrounding crime and violence in a large low-income urban community of color. First, spatial buffer analyses were performed using point-location and publically accessible January-December 2014 crime data to examine the geography of all felony property and violent crimes occurring within 100, 200, 500, and 1000-foot buffers of these three legal drug outlet types across South Los Angeles...
December 22, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260900/trends-in-dextromethorphan-cough-and-cold-products-2000-2015-national-poison-data-system-intentional-abuse-exposure-calls
#4
Sara Karami, Jacqueline M Major, Silvia Calderon, Jana K McAninch
CONTEXT: Recent restrictions in access to and availability of dextromethorphan (DXM) cough and cold medications may correlate with changes in abuse exposures. OBJECTIVE: To extend and update existing knowledge about DXM abuse, we describe recent trends and patterns of calls to poison control centers involving DXM abuse, by demographics, geography, common brands, and medical outcomes. METHODS: We utilized data from the National Poison Data System (NPDS) maintained by the American Association of Poison Control Centers (AAPCC), which captures data on calls to U...
December 20, 2017: Clinical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233186/prevalence-and-associations-for-use-of-a-traditional-medicine-provider-in-the-saminor-1-survey-a-population-based-study-on-health-and-living-conditions-in-regions-with-sami-and-norwegian-populations
#5
Agnete Egilsdatter Kristoffersen, Trine Stub, Marita Melhus, Ann Ragnhild Broderstad
BACKGROUND: In Northern Norway, traditional medicine (TM) is shaped by both Christianity and traditional Sami nature worship. The healing rituals may include prayer and the use of tools such as moss, water, stones, wool and soil. Examples of TM modalities offered is cupping, blood-stemming, laying on of hands, healing prayers, and rituals. The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence of the use of TM in areas with predominantly Sami and Norwegian populations, and the influence of ethnicity, geography, gender, age, education, household income, religiosity and self-reported health on such use...
December 12, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231838/china-s-silk-road-and-global-health
#6
REVIEW
Kun Tang, Zhihui Li, Wenkai Li, Lincoln Chen
In 2013, China proposed its Belt and Road Initiative to promote trade, infrastructure, and commercial associations with 65 countries in Asia, Africa, and Europe. This initiative contains important health components. Simultaneously, China launched an unprecedented overseas intervention against Ebola virus in west Africa, dispatching 1200 workers, including Chinese military personnel. The overseas development assistance provided by China has been increasing by 25% annually, reaching US$7 billion in 2013. Development assistance for health from China has particularly been used to develop infrastructure and provide medical supplies to Africa and Asia...
December 9, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208368/the-end-of-life-costs-for-medicare-patients-with-advanced-ovarian-cancer
#7
Renata R Urban, Hao He, Raphael Alfonso, Melissa M Hardesty, Barbara A Goff
OBJECTIVE: To describe the Medicare payments at the end of life for patients with advanced ovarian cancer, and assess factors responsible for payment variation METHODS: Using the linked Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results (SEER)-Medicare database, we identified a cohort of women with stage III/IV epithelial ovarian cancer diagnosed between 1995 and 2007. We defined the end of life as the last 90days prior to death. Total medical costs were estimated from overall Medicare payments, and adjusted for geography and for inflation to the 2009 U...
December 3, 2017: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194871/are-you-better-a-multi-centre-study-of-patient-defined-recovery-from-complex-regional-pain-syndrome
#8
A Llewellyn, C S McCabe, Y Hibberd, P White, L Davies, J Marinus, R G S M Perez, I Thomassen, F Brunner, C Sontheim, F Birklein, T Schlereth, A Goebel, R Haigh, R Connett, C Maihöfner, L Knudsen, R N Harden, A Zyluk, D Shulman, H Small, F Gobeil, P Moskovitz
BACKGROUND: Complex Regional Pain Syndrome (CRPS) symptoms can significantly differ between patients, fluctuate over time, disappear or persist. This leads to problems in defining recovery and in evaluating the efficacy of therapeutic interventions. OBJECTIVES: To define recovery from the patients' perspective and better understand their priorities for treatment approaches. METHODS: Establishing an international consortium, we used a 2-Round Delphi-based study in eight countries across Europe and North America...
December 1, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168261/-impact-of-drug-reimbursement-policies-on-prescribing-a-case-study-of-a-newly-marketed-long-acting-injectable-antipsychotics-among-relapsed-schizophrenia-patients
#9
John W Jackson, Lisa Fulchino, James Rogers, Helen Mogun, Jennifer Polinski, David C Henderson, Sebastian Schneeweiss, Michael A Fischer
OBJECTIVE: To quantify and explain variation in use of long-acting injectable antipsychotics (LAIs) in the United States, and understand the relationship between patient characteristics, drug reimbursement policies, and LAI prescribing after relapse. METHODS: A cohort of recently relapsed patients with schizophrenia ages 18 to 64, identified immediately after discharge from a related inpatient hospitalization, partial hospitalization, or emergency room visit, drawn from 2004 to 2006 Medicaid claims, and followed for 90 days until LAI initiation...
November 23, 2017: Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162419/leveraging-twitter-to-maximize-the-radiology-meeting-experience
#10
Vivek Kalia, Daniel A Ortiz, Amy K Patel, Andrew K Moriarity, Cheri L Canon, Richard Duszak
Over recent years, social media engagement has proliferated among physicians, health care systems, scientific journals, professional societies, and patients. In radiology, Twitter (Twitter Inc, San Francisco, California) has rapidly become the preferred social media engagement tool and is now an essential activity at many large radiology society meetings. Twitter offers a versatile, albeit simple, platform for anyone interested in engaging with others, regardless of title, stature, or geography. In radiology and other medical specialties, year-after-year increases in Twitter engagement before, during, and after professional society meetings continue with widespread positive feedback...
November 18, 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155372/gut-feeling-researchers-are-discovering-a-link-between-depression-and-gut-bacteria
#11
Mary Bates
The human gut is home to an abundant and diverse community of microbes–each of us carries roughly 100 trillion, representing more than 1,000 different species. The composition of one?s gut microbiota is individually specific, dynamic, and influenced by genetics, diet, age, metabolism, medication use, stress, and geography. These bacteria perform a range of necessary and beneficial functions, including breaking down our food and supporting our immune systems.
November 2017: IEEE Pulse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150152/50-years-of-medical-health-geography-ies-of-health-and-wellbeing
#12
Susan J Elliott
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 10, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141629/the-potential-impact-of-brexit-and-immigration-policies-on-the-gp-workforce-in-england-a-cross-sectional-observational-study-of-gp-qualification-region-and-the-characteristics-of-the-areas-and-population-they-served-in-september-2016
#13
Aneez Esmail, Maria Panagioti, Evangelos Kontopantelis
BACKGROUND: The UK is dependent on international doctors, with a greater proportion of non-UK qualified doctors working in its universal health care system than in any other European country, except Ireland and Norway. The terms of the UK exit from the European Union can reduce the ability of European Economic Area (EEA) qualified doctors to work in the UK, while new visa requirements will significantly restrict the influx of non-EEA doctors. We aimed to explore the implications of policy restrictions on immigration, by regionally and spatially describing the characteristics of general practitioners (GPs) by region of medical qualification and the characteristics of the populations they serve...
November 16, 2017: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101693/towards-a-better-understanding-of-the-therapeutic-applications-and-corresponding-mechanisms-of-action-of-honey
#14
Rifat Ullah Khan, Shabana Naz, Alaeldein M Abudabos
Honey is a bee-derived supersaturated solution composed of complex contents mainly glucose, fructose, amino acids, vitamins, and minerals. Composition of honey may vary due to the difference in nectar, season, geography, and storage condition. Honey has been used since times immemorial in folk medicine and has recently been rediscovered as an excellent therapeutic agent. In the past, honey was used for a variety of ailments without knowing the scientific background and active ingredients of honey. Today, honey has been scientifically proven for its antioxidant, regulation of glycemic response, antitumor, antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, and cardiovascular potentiating agent...
November 3, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091727/the-fine-scale-genetic-structure-and-evolution-of-the-japanese-population
#15
Fumihiko Takeuchi, Tomohiro Katsuya, Ryosuke Kimura, Toru Nabika, Minoru Isomura, Takayoshi Ohkubo, Yasuharu Tabara, Ken Yamamoto, Mitsuhiro Yokota, Xuanyao Liu, Woei-Yuh Saw, Dolikun Mamatyusupu, Wenjun Yang, Shuhua Xu, Yik-Ying Teo, Norihiro Kato
The contemporary Japanese populations largely consist of three genetically distinct groups-Hondo, Ryukyu and Ainu. By principal-component analysis, while the three groups can be clearly separated, the Hondo people, comprising 99% of the Japanese, form one almost indistinguishable cluster. To understand fine-scale genetic structure, we applied powerful haplotype-based statistical methods to genome-wide single nucleotide polymorphism data from 1600 Japanese individuals, sampled from eight distinct regions in Japan...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064337/david-bowie-and-the-art-of-slow-innovation-a-fast-second-winner-strategy-for-biotechnology-and-precision-medicine-global-development
#16
Vural Özdemir, George P Patrinos
Original ideas and innovation cannot always be ordered like a courier service and delivered fresh to our desk at 9 am. Yet, most creativity-based organizations, careers, and professions, science and biotechnology innovation included, emphasize the speed as the prevailing ideology. But a narrow focus on speed has several and overlooked shortcomings. For example, it does not offer the opportunity to draw from, and stitch together disparate concepts and practices for truly disruptive innovation. Preventing false starts, learning from others' or our own mistakes, and customizing innovations for local community needs are difficult in a speed-hungry innovation ecosystem...
November 2017: Omics: a Journal of Integrative Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055781/induced-abortion-among-women-veterans-data-from-the-ecuun-study
#17
Eleanor Bimla Schwarz, Florentina E Sileanu, Xinhua Zhao, Maria K Mor, Lisa S Callegari, Sonya Borrero
OBJECTIVE: We compared rates of induced abortion among women Veterans receiving VA healthcare to rates in the general US population, as current policy prohibits VA provision of abortion counseling or services, even when pregnancy endangers a Veteran's life. METHODS: We analyzed data from 2, 298 women Veterans younger than 45years, who completed a telephone-based, cross-sectional survey of randomly-sampled English-speaking women from across the US who had received VA healthcare...
October 5, 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052409/recommended-composition-of-influenza-virus-vaccines-for-use-in-the-2018-southern-hemisphere-influenza-season
#18
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 20, 2017: Relevé épidémiologique Hebdomadaire
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019458/visualizing-the-geography-of-the-diseases-of-china-western-disease-maps-from-analytical-tools-to-tools-of-empire-sovereignty-and-public-health-propaganda-1878-1929
#19
Marta Hanson
Argument This article analyzes for the first time the earliest western maps of diseases in China spanning fifty years from the late 1870s to the end of the 1920s. The 24 featured disease maps present a visual history of the major transformations in modern medicine from medical geography to laboratory medicine wrought on Chinese soil. These medical transformations occurred within new political formations from the Qing dynasty (1644-1911) to colonialism in East Asia (Hong Kong, Taiwan, Manchuria, Korea) and hypercolonialism within China (Tianjin, Shanghai, Amoy) as well as the new Republican Chinese nation state (1912-49)...
September 2017: Science in Context
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965093/quantifying-sociodemographic-and-income-disparities-in-medical-therapy-and-lifestyle-among-symptomatic-patients-with-suspected-coronary-artery-disease-a-cross-sectional-study-in-north-america
#20
Joseph A Ladapo, Adrian Coles, Rowena J Dolor, Daniel B Mark, Lawton Cooper, Kerry L Lee, Jonathan Goldberg, Michael D Shapiro, Udo Hoffmann, Pamela S Douglas
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate potential gaps in preventive medical therapy and healthy lifestyle practices among symptomatic patients with suspected coronary artery disease (CAD) seeing primary care physicians and cardiologists and how gaps vary by sociodemographic characteristics and baseline cardiovascular risk. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study assessing potential preventive gaps. PARTICIPANTS: 10 003 symptomatic outpatients evaluated by primary care physicians, cardiologists or other specialists for suspected CAD...
September 29, 2017: BMJ Open
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