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Medical geography

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528753/healthcare-access-and-quality-index-based-on-mortality-from-causes-amenable-to-personal-health-care-in-195-countries-and-territories-1990-2015-a-novel-analysis-from-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2015
#1
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: National levels of personal health-care access and quality can be approximated by measuring mortality rates from causes that should not be fatal in the presence of effective medical care (ie, amenable mortality). Previous analyses of mortality amenable to health care only focused on high-income countries and faced several methodological challenges. In the present analysis, we use the highly standardised cause of death and risk factor estimates generated through the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study (GBD) to improve and expand the quantification of personal health-care access and quality for 195 countries and territories from 1990 to 2015...
May 18, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487448/incidence-of-primary-biliary-cholangitis-in-a-rural-midwestern-population
#2
Rajan Kanth, Ram Babu Shrestha, Indira Rai, Jeffrey J VanWormer, Praveen K Roy
BACKGROUND: Primary biliary cholangitis (PBC) is a rare disease with incidence that varies with time and geography. Only two studies have assessed PBC incidence of in the United States, with the most recent appearing over a decade ago. The objective of the present study was to assess PBC incidence in the United States in a more recent era. METHODS: The incidence of PBC was assessed in a population-based cohort in rural, Midwestern Wisconsin over two decades spanning from June 1992 through June 2011...
May 9, 2017: Clinical Medicine & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482899/improving-access-to-health-care-amongst-vulnerable-populations-a-qualitative-study-of-village-malaria-workers-in-kampot-cambodia
#3
Marco Liverani, Chea Nguon, Ra Sok, Daro Kim, Panharith Nou, Sokhan Nguon, Shunmay Yeung
BACKGROUND: There is growing interest in the expansion of community health workers programmes in low- and middle-income countries as a cost-effective approach to address shortages of health professionals. However, our understanding of the reception of large-scale programmes and how to improve them remains limited, with knowledge gaps about factors that may promote or discourage equitable access to services. This paper examines the case of the Village Malaria Workers (VMW) programme in Cambodia, an extensive community-based intervention for the management of malaria cases in remote rural areas...
May 8, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458331/preliminary-thoughts-on-research-in-medical-humanities
#4
Xiaojing Yun, Jiawei Guo, Haihong Qian
Medical humanities (MH) is an interdisciplinary field of medicine which includes the humanities (literature, philosophy, ethics, history, and religion), social sciences (anthropology, cultural studies, psychology, sociology, and health geography), and the arts (literature, theater, film, and visual arts) and their application to medical education and practice. Studies of MH should not be limited to theoretical discussions. Research results must be translated into use of methodologies to formulate medical policies, guide clinical practices, and help resolve physical or mental problems...
April 29, 2017: Bioscience Trends
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457074/nephrolithiasis-in-israel-epidemiological-characteristics-of-return-patients-in-a-tertiary-care-center
#5
Yasmin Abu-Ghanem, Nir Kleinmann, Harry Z Winkler, Dorit E Zilberman
BACKGROUND: The prevalence and etiology of nephrolithiasis vary, depending on geography, gender and ethnicity. OBJECTIVES: To analyze the demographic data of return nephrolithiasis patients in a tertiary care center. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed our prospective registry database of return patients seen at our outpatient clinic for nephrolithiasis. Data included gender, age at first visit, age at first stone event, body mass index (BMI), self-reported hypertension, diabetes mellitus (DM), and hyperlipidemia...
December 2016: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436157/real-time-teleophthalmology-video-consultation-an-analysis-of-patient-satisfaction-in-rural-western-australia
#6
Benjamin Kj Host, Angus W Turner, Josephine Muir
BACKGROUND: Teleophthalmology, particularly real-time video consultation, holds great potential in Australia and similar countries worldwide, where geography, population and medical workforce distribution make it difficult to provide specialist eye services outside of major cities. Assessment and referrals from rural optometrists are vital to the success of teleophthalmology. While there is good evidence for the efficacy of such services, there is limited evidence for patient satisfaction with video consultation...
April 23, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435754/establishing-successful-patient-centered-medical-homes-in-rural-hawai-i-three-strategies-to-consider
#7
Melissa Nelson Scribner, Kasey Kehoe
The challenges to healthcare delivery posed by Hawai'i's unique geography, physician shortages, and dispersed population are of particular importance in light of implementing the Affordable Care Act (ACA). This study draws on central goals laid out in the ACA - to decrease costs, increase access, and improve patient outcomes. The use of the Patient-Centered Medical Homes (PCMHs) is a care model that has the potential to meet all three goals. How to identify the most effective way to develop PCMHs in the specific context of Hawai'i is the focus of this study...
March 2017: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334954/the-science-and-politics-of-naming-reforming-anatomical-nomenclature-ca-1886-1955
#8
Tatjana Buklijas
Anatomical nomenclature is medicine's official language. Early in their medical studies, students are expected to memorize not only the bodily geography but also the names for all the structures that, by consensus, constitute the anatomical body. The making and uses of visual maps of the body have received considerable historiographical attention, yet the history of production, communication, and reception of anatomical names-a history as long as the history of anatomy itself-has been studied far less. My essay examines the reforms of anatomical naming between the first modern nomenclature, the 1895 Basel Nomina Anatomica (BNA), and the 1955 Nomina Anatomica Parisiensia (NAP, also known as PNA), which is the basis for current anatomical terminology...
April 1, 2017: Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274756/common-genetic-variation-and-risk-of-gallbladder-cancer-in-india-a-case-control-genome-wide-association-study
#9
Sharayu Mhatre, Zhaoming Wang, Rajini Nagrani, Rajendra Badwe, Shubhada Chiplunkar, Balraj Mittal, Saurabh Yadav, Haoyu Zhang, Charles C Chung, Prachi Patil, Stephen Chanock, Rajesh Dikshit, Nilanjan Chatterjee, Preetha Rajaraman
BACKGROUND: Gallbladder cancer is highly lethal, with notable differences in incidence by geography and ethnic background. The aim of this study was to identify common genetic susceptibility alleles for gallbladder cancer. METHODS: In this case-control genome-wide association study (GWAS), we did a genome-wide scan of gallbladder cancer cases and hospital visitor controls, both of Indian descent, followed by imputation across the genome. Cases were patients aged 20-80 years with microscopically confirmed primary gallbladder cancer diagnosed or treated at Tata Memorial Hospital, Mumbai, India, and enrolled in the study between Sept 12, 2010, and June 8, 2015...
April 2017: Lancet Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272288/prediction-of-waitlist-mortality-in-adult-heart-transplant-candidates-the-candidate-risk-score
#10
Carine Jasseron, Camille Legeai, Christian Jacquelinet, Pascal Leprince, Christelle Cantrelle, Benoît Audry, Raphael Porcher, Olivier Bastien, Richard Dorent
BACKGROUND: The cardiac allocation system in France is currently based on urgency and geography. Medical urgency is defined by therapies without considering objective patient mortality risk factors. This study aimed to develop a waitlist mortality risk score from commonly available candidate variables. METHODS: The study included all patients, aged 16 years or older, registered on the national registry CRISTAL for first single-organ heart transplantation between January 2010 and December 2014...
March 8, 2017: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208807/telehealth-increasing-access-to-high-quality-care-by-expanding-the-role-of-technology-in-correctional-medicine
#11
REVIEW
Jeremy D Young, Melissa E Badowski
The United States (US) has a large correctional population. However, many incarcerated persons lack access to evidence-based, up-to-date medical care, particularly by subspecialty providers, due to limitations of geography, travel, cost and other resources. The use of telehealth technologies can remove these barriers, increasing access to high quality, multidisciplinary care. Studies have shown that, with telemedicine, timely triage and medical management can be provided across many disciplines, which may lead to improved clinical outcomes and significant cost savings...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28171707/the-american-cancer-society-s-cancer-prevention-study-3-cps-3-recruitment-study-design-and-baseline-characteristics
#12
Alpa V Patel, Eric J Jacobs, Daniela M Dudas, Peter J Briggs, Cari J Lichtman, Elizabeth B Bain, Victoria L Stevens, Marjorie L McCullough, Lauren R Teras, Peter T Campbell, Mia M Gaudet, Elizabeth G Kirkland, Melissa H Rittase, Nance Joiner, W Ryan Diver, Janet S Hildebrand, Nancy C Yaw, Susan M Gapstur
BACKGROUND: Prospective cohort studies contribute importantly to understanding the role of lifestyle, genetic, and other factors in chronic disease etiology. METHODS: The American Cancer Society (ACS) recruited a new prospective cohort study, Cancer Prevention Study 3 (CPS-3), between 2006 and 2013 from 35 states and Puerto Rico. Enrollment took place primarily at ACS community events and at community enrollment "drives." At enrollment sites, participants completed a brief survey that included an informed consent, identifying information necessary for follow-up, and key exposure information...
June 1, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157539/the-undiagnosed-diseases-network-accelerating-discovery-about-health-and-disease
#13
Rachel B Ramoni, John J Mulvihill, David R Adams, Patrick Allard, Euan A Ashley, Jonathan A Bernstein, William A Gahl, Rizwan Hamid, Joseph Loscalzo, Alexa T McCray, Vandana Shashi, Cynthia J Tifft, Anastasia L Wise
Diagnosis at the edges of our knowledge calls upon clinicians to be data driven, cross-disciplinary, and collaborative in unprecedented ways. Exact disease recognition, an element of the concept of precision in medicine, requires new infrastructure that spans geography, institutional boundaries, and the divide between clinical care and research. The National Institutes of Health (NIH) Common Fund supports the Undiagnosed Diseases Network (UDN) as an exemplar of this model of precise diagnosis. Its goals are to forge a strategy to accelerate the diagnosis of rare or previously unrecognized diseases, to improve recommendations for clinical management, and to advance research, especially into disease mechanisms...
February 2, 2017: American Journal of Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114132/development-of-a-limb-preservation-program
#14
REVIEW
Richard F Neville, Ahmed Kayssi
In the global scenario, as the prevalence of renal failure and diabetes increases, healing and limb preservation assume increasing clinical importance for patients and healthcare systems. Unfortunately, there continues to be variation in the care delivered to patients at risk of losing a limb based on geography, race, socioeconomic status, and insurance status. There are also a variety of therapeutic approaches to patients with limb-threatening ischemia; 25% undergo primary amputation, 25% undergo medical therapy, and only 50% undergo any attempt at revascularization...
2017: Blood Purification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081144/digital-health-tracking-physiomes-and-activity-using-wearable-biosensors-reveals-useful-health-related-information
#15
Xiao Li, Jessilyn Dunn, Denis Salins, Gao Zhou, Wenyu Zhou, Sophia Miryam Schüssler-Fiorenza Rose, Dalia Perelman, Elizabeth Colbert, Ryan Runge, Shannon Rego, Ria Sonecha, Somalee Datta, Tracey McLaughlin, Michael P Snyder
A new wave of portable biosensors allows frequent measurement of health-related physiology. We investigated the use of these devices to monitor human physiological changes during various activities and their role in managing health and diagnosing and analyzing disease. By recording over 250,000 daily measurements for up to 43 individuals, we found personalized circadian differences in physiological parameters, replicating previous physiological findings. Interestingly, we found striking changes in particular environments, such as airline flights (decreased peripheral capillary oxygen saturation [SpO2] and increased radiation exposure)...
January 2017: PLoS Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077150/the-equity-of-china-s-emergency-medical-services-from-2010-2014
#16
Ke Yan, Yi Jiang, Jingfu Qiu, Xiaoni Zhong, Yang Wang, Jing Deng, Jingxi Lian, Tingting Wang, Cheng Cao
BACKGROUND: With the depth development of health care system reform in China, emergency medical services (EMS) is confronted with challenges as well as opportunities. This study aimed to analyze the equity of China's EMS needs, utilization, and resources distribution, and put forward proposal to improve the equity. METHOD: Three emergency needs indicators (mortality rate of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, harm, and digestive system disease), two utilization indicators (emergency outpatient visits and rate of utilization) and one resource allocation indicator (number of EMS facilities) were collected after the review of the China Statistical Yearbook and the National Disease Surveillance System...
January 11, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069298/variation-in-dermatologist-visits-by-sociodemographic-characteristics
#17
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Andrew Mulcahy, Ateev Mehrotra, Karen Edison, Lori Uscher-Pines
BACKGROUND: Access to dermatologists is an ongoing concern for Medicaid enrollees. Understanding current use is a key step toward designing and implementing policies to improve access. OBJECTIVE: We sought to quantify how often Medicaid enrollees visit dermatologists and receive treatment for skin-related conditions compared with patients with other coverage or without health insurance. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cross-sectional analysis of multiyear federal survey data (Medical Expenditure Panel Survey)...
May 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059689/an-integrated-health-neighbourhood-framework-to-optimise-the-use-of-ehr-data
#18
Siaw-Teng Liaw, Simon De Lusignan
 General practice should become the hub of integrated health neighbourhoods (IHNs), which involves sharing of information to ensure that medical homes are also part of learning organisations that use electronic health record (EHR) data for care, decision making, teaching and learning, quality improvement and research. The IHN is defined as the primary and ambulatory care services in a locality that relates largely to a single hospital-based secondary care service provider and is the logical denominator and unit of comparison for the optimal use of EHR data and health information exchange (HIE) to facilitate integration and coordination of care...
October 4, 2016: Journal of Innovation in Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046115/correction-voluntary-medical-male-circumcision-for-hiv-prevention-in-malawi-modeling-the-impact-and-cost-of-focusing-the-program-by-client-age-and-geography
#19
Katharine Kripke, Frank Chimbwandira, Zebedee Mwandi, Faustin Matchere, Melissa Schnure, Jason Reed, Delivette Castor, Sema Sgaier, Emmanuel Njeuhmeli
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0156521.].
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28006972/identifying-hiv-care-enrollees-at-risk-for-cannabis-use-disorder
#20
Bryan Hartzler, Beatriz H Carlini, Howard Newville, Heidi M Crane, Joseph J Eron, Elvin H Geng, W Christopher Mathews, Kenneth H Mayer, Richard D Moore, Michael J Mugavero, Sonia Napravnik, Benigno Rodriguez, Dennis M Donovan
Increased scientific attention given to cannabis in the United States has particular relevance for its domestic HIV care population, given that evidence exists for both cannabis as a therapeutic agent and cannabis use disorder (CUD) as a barrier to antiretroviral medication adherence. It is critical to identify relative risk for CUD among demographic subgroups of HIV patients, as this will inform detection and intervention efforts. A Center For AIDS Research Network of Integrated Clinical Systems cohort (N = 10,652) of HIV-positive adults linked to care at seven United State sites was examined for this purpose...
December 23, 2016: AIDS Care
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