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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630642/infant-and-young-child-feeding-practice-among-mothers-with-0-24%C3%A2-months-old-children-in-slum-areas-of-bahir-dar-city-ethiopia
#1
Yeshalem Mulugeta Demilew, Tadese Ejigu Tafere, Dereje Berhanu Abitew
BACKGROUND: Adequate nutrition during infancy and early childhood is essential to ensure the health, growth and development of children. However, infant feeding practice is suboptimal in Bahir Dar City, Ethiopia. The slum area is a heavily populated urban informal settlement characterized by substandard housing, squalor, with a lack of reliable sanitation services, supply of clean water, reliable electricity, law enforcement and other basic services. Residents of the slum area were poor and less educated...
2017: International Breastfeeding Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597864/motivating-and-demotivating-factors-for-community-health-workers-a-qualitative-study-in-urban-slums-of-delhi-india
#2
Mathew Sunil George, Shradha Pant, Niveditha Devasenapathy, Suparna Ghosh-Jerath, Sanjay P Zodpey
Background Community health workers play an important role in delivering health-care services, especially to underserved populations in low- and middle-income countries. They have been shown to be successful in providing a range of preventive, promotive and curative services. This qualitative study investigated the factors motivating or demotivating community health workers in urban settings in Delhi, India. Methods In this sub-study of the ANCHUL (Ante Natal and Child Healthcare in Urban Slums) implementation research project, four focus-group discussions and nine in-depth interviews were conducted with community health workers and medical officers...
April 2017: WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595624/immunization-urbanization-and-slums-a-systematic-review-of-factors-and-interventions
#3
Tim Crocker-Buque, Godwin Mindra, Richard Duncan, Sandra Mounier-Jack
BACKGROUND: In 2014, over half (54%) of the world's population lived in urban areas and this proportion will increase to 66% by 2050. This urbanizing trend has been accompanied by an increasing number of people living in urban poor communities and slums. Lower immunization coverage is found in poorer urban dwellers in many contexts. This study aims to identify factors associated with immunization coverage in poor urban areas and slums, and to identify interventions to improve coverage...
June 8, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583203/factors-associated-with-mothers-knowledge-on-infant-and-young-child-feeding-recommendation-in-slum-areas-of-bahir-dar-city-ethiopia-cross-sectional-study
#4
Yeshalem Mulugeta Demilew
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is a public health concern in Ethiopia. This might be correlated with inappropriate infant and young child feeding practice. This in turn is affected by Mothers' knowledge on feeding practice. However, information on mothers' knowledge on infant and young child feeding recommendation was scarce in Ethiopia. Therefore, this study was designed to assess mothers' knowledge on infant and young child feeding recommendation and associated factors in slum areas of Bahir Dar City, Ethiopia...
June 5, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556458/behaviour-change-intervention-to-improve-shared-toilet-maintenance-and-cleanliness-in-urban-slums-of-dhaka-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Mahbub-Ul Alam, Peter J Winch, Ronald E Saxton, Fosiul A Nizame, Farzana Yeasmin, Guy Norman, Abdullah-Al Masud, Farzana Begum, Mahbubur Rahman, Kamal Hossain, Anita Layden, Leanne Unicomb, Stephen P Luby
OBJECTIVES: Shared toilets in urban slums are often unclean and poorly maintained, discouraging consistent use and thereby limiting impacts on health and quality of life. We developed behaviour change interventions to support shared toilet maintenance and improve user satisfaction. We report the intervention effectiveness on improving shared toilet cleanliness. METHODS: We conducted a cluster randomized controlled trial among users of 1,226 shared toilets in 23 Dhaka slums...
May 28, 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511647/low-smoke-chulha-in-indian-slums-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#6
Megha Thakur, Esther A Boudewijns, Giridhara R Babu, Bjorn Winkens, Luc P de Witte, Jeroen Gruiskens, Preeti Sushama, Cristian T Ghergu, Onno C P van Schayck
BACKGROUND: Biomass fuel is used as a primary cooking source by more than half of the world's population, contributing to a high burden of disease. Although cleaner fuels are available, some households continue using solid fuels because of financial constraints and absence of infrastructure, especially in non-notified slums. The present study documents a randomised controlled study investigating the efficacy of improved cookstove on the personal exposure to air pollution and the respiratory health of women and children in an Indian slum...
May 16, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511415/impact-of-a-structured-tuberculosis-awareness-strategy-on-the-knowledge-and-behaviour-of-the-families-in-a-slum-area-in-chhattisgarh-india
#7
Janmejaya Samal, Ranjit Kumar Dehury
INTRODUCTION: Of different methods of disease prevention, health education and awareness programmes can empower people regarding several aspects of disease management and thereby enabling them in accessing the right treatment, in right time, at right place. AIM: The aim of this study was to assess the impact of a structured Tuberculosis (TB) awareness strategy on the knowledge and behaviour of slum dwellers of Durg, Chhattisgarh, India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A TB awareness intervention was implemented in terms of informing the houses of marginalized and vulnerable communities about TB, its symptoms, diagnosis, treatment and Revised National TB Control Program (RNTCP) services and the impact of the same was assessed through a survey questionnaire before and after the implementation of the intervention...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496441/discovery-of-novel-leptospirosis-vaccine-candidates-using-reverse-and-structural-vaccinology
#8
André Alex Grassmann, Frederico Schmitt Kremer, Júlia Cougo Dos Santos, Jéssica Dias Souza, Luciano da Silva Pinto, Alan John Alexander McBride
Leptospira spp. are diderm (two membranes) bacteria that infect mammals causing leptospirosis, a public health problem with global implications. Thousands of people die every year due to leptospirosis, especially in developing countries with tropical climates. Prophylaxis is difficult due to multiple factors, including the large number of asymptomatic hosts that transmit the bacteria, poor sanitation, increasing numbers of slum dwellers, and the lack of an effective vaccine. Several leptospiral recombinant antigens were evaluated as a replacement for the inactivated (bacterin) vaccine; however, success has been limited...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489890/unmasking-inequalities-sub-national-maternal-and-child-mortality-data-from-two-urban-slums-in-lagos-nigeria-tells-the-story
#9
Erin Anastasi, Ekanem Ekanem, Olivia Hill, Agnes Adebayo Oluwakemi, Oluwatosin Abayomi, Andrea Bernasconi
INTRODUCTION: Nigeria has one of the highest maternal mortality ratios in the world as well as high perinatal mortality. Unfortunately, the country does not have the resources to assess this critical indicator with the conventional health information system and measuring its progress toward the goal of ending preventable maternal deaths is almost impossible. Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) conducted a cross-sectional study to assess maternal and perinatal mortality in Makoko Riverine and Badia East, two of the most vulnerable slums of Lagos...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473861/environmental-spatial-and-sociodemographic-factors-associated-with-nonfatal-injuries-in-indonesia
#10
Sri Irianti, Puguh Prasetyoputra
Background. The determinants of injuries and their reoccurrence in Indonesia are not well understood, despite their importance in the prevention of injuries. Therefore, this study seeks to investigate the environmental, spatial, and sociodemographic factors associated with the reoccurrence of injuries among Indonesian people. Methods. Data from the 2013 round of the Indonesia Baseline Health Research (IBHR 2013) were analysed using a two-part hurdle regression model. A logit regression model was chosen for the zero-hurdle part, while a zero-truncated negative binomial regression model was selected for the counts part...
2017: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472997/erratum-to-utilization-of-health-facilities-and-predictors-of-health-seeking-behavior-for-under-five-children-with-acute-diarrhea-in-slums-of-addis-ababa-ethiopia-a-community-based-cross-sectional-study
#11
Metadel Adane, Bezatu Mengistie, Worku Mulat, Helmut Kloos, Girmay Medhin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 4, 2017: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450584/syria-slums-and-health-security
#12
EDITORIAL
Seth Berkley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 28, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409672/making-a-difference-a-study-of-cognitive-stimulation-therapy-for-persons-with-dementia
#13
Daniel B Stewart, Marla Berg-Weger, Susan Tebb, Michele Sakamoto, Kristina Roselle, Laura Downing, Janice Lundy, Deborah Hayden
Affecting nearly 5.4 million older adults in the United States and 35.6 million individuals worldwide, dementia is one of the greatest public health crises of our time. As a result, helping professionals, clients, and care partners seek effective and affordable treatment. Developed in the United Kingdom by Spector and colleagues, Cognitive Stimulation Therapy (CST) is a non-pharmacologic psychosocial group intervention for persons with dementia. To expand upon and fill the gaps within existing research, the authors developed a descriptive study to assess the impact of CST on cognition, quality of life, and depression, among six CST groups (n = 40)...
April 14, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409647/cultural-attitudes-toward-postpartum-depression-in-dhaka-bangladesh
#14
Anaise Williams, Malabika Sarker, Syeda Tahmina Ferdous
Depression is the leading cause of disability worldwide, yet in many cultures, it remains unaddressed and unacknowledged. Postpartum depression is particularly delicate because of its association with gender and expectations of motherhood. This ethnographic study in Dhaka, Bangladesh sought to understand local perceptions of postpartum depression and cultural influences around mental health care seeking. The results describe the role of culture and stigma in the conceptualization of mental health within both the community and medical spheres...
April 14, 2017: Medical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377651/a-cross-sectional-study-for-assessment-of-untreated-dental-caries-and-its-consequences-among-slum-dwelling-children
#15
Charu Marya, Sakshi Kataria, Ruchi Nagpal, Sukhvinder S Oberoi, Chandan Dhingra, Dimple Arora
INTRODUCTION: Dental caries affects humans of all ages throughout the world and remains the major dental public health problem among children globally. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted using the cluster sampling technique to obtain the required sample size of 400 children from urban slum population of Faridabad, Haryana, India. Data were collected using World Health Organization dentition status 1997 criteria and PUFA/pufa index. TYPE OF STUDY: Cross-sectional study...
January 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376916/utilization-of-health-facilities-and-predictors-of-health-seeking-behavior-for-under-five-children-with-acute-diarrhea-in-slums-of-addis-ababa-ethiopia-a-community-based-cross-sectional-study
#16
Metadel Adane, Bezatu Mengistie, Worku Mulat, Helmut Kloos, Girmay Medhin
BACKGROUND: Information on health-seeking behavior and utilization of health facilities in slums of Addis Ababa is scarce, impeding the implementation of effective interventions. The purpose of this study is to assess the status of health facilities utilization and predictors for health-seeking behavior of mothers/caregivers of under-five children with acute diarrhea in slums of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. METHODS: A community-based cross-sectional study design was employed in five rounds of surveys in seven kebeles in slums of Addis Ababa among 472 mothers/caregivers of 472 under-five children with acute diarrhea in reference to Andersen's behavioral model...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349734/impact-of-health-education-based-intervention-on-community-s-awareness-of-dengue-and-its-prevention-in-delhi-india
#17
Yadlapalli S Kusuma, Deepa Burman, Rita Kumari, Anjana S Lamkang, Bontha V Babu
Dengue is endemic in India. The capital, Delhi, continues to witness a higher number of cases due to urbanization-related factors. This study is intended to implement health education towards prevention of dengue, and to assess its impact on people's knowledge and practices related to causes and prevention of dengue among urban poor in Delhi. Pre- ( n = 484) and post- ( n = 496) intervention surveys from 15 sub-clusters from five slums/slum-like settlements in Delhi were carried out. Health education based intervention was carried out through partnership with the municipal bodies and non-governmental organizations...
March 1, 2017: Global Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348986/a-cross-sectional-study-of-migrant-women-with-reference-to-their-antenatal-care-services-utilization-and-delivery-practices-in-an-urban-slum-of-mumbai
#18
Vijay Loknath Badge, Minal Pandey, Mridula J Solanki, Ratnendra Ramesh Shinde
INTRODUCTION: Migrant is a vulnerable population. They face several barriers in accessing health services. The immigration status presents various challenges for maternity services utilization. So this study was conducted (1) to estimate proportion of women utilizing full ANC package and to find out reasons for its nonutilization (2) to estimate the proportion of institutional deliveries and reasons for home deliveries. METHODS: A cross-sectional community based study was conducted among migrant women in reproductive age group in an urban slum...
October 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338613/slum-upgrading-and-health-equity
#19
Jason Corburn, Alice Sverdlik
Informal settlement upgrading is widely recognized for enhancing shelter and promoting economic development, yet its potential to improve health equity is usually overlooked. Almost one in seven people on the planet are expected to reside in urban informal settlements, or slums, by 2030. Slum upgrading is the process of delivering place-based environmental and social improvements to the urban poor, including land tenure, housing, infrastructure, employment, health services and political and social inclusion...
March 24, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331353/undernutrition-and-associated-factors-among-24-36-month-old-children-in-slum-areas-of-bahir-dar-city-ethiopia
#20
Yeshalem Mulugeta Demilew, Dagninet Derebe Abie
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to assess undernutrition and associated factors among 24-36-month-old children in the slum areas of Bahir Dar city. METHODS: A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted among 480 children from May 1 to 26, 2015. The simple random sampling technique was used to select respondents. Data were collected using a structured interviewer-administered questionnaire. Statistical Package for Social Sciences version 20 was used for analysis...
2017: International Journal of General Medicine
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