keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Slum health

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729309/the-role-of-a-decision-support-smartphone-application-in-enhancing-community-health-volunteers-effectiveness-to-improve-maternal-and-newborn-outcomes-in-nairobi-kenya-quasi-experimental-research-protocol
#1
Pauline Bakibinga, Eva Kamande, Milka Omuya, Abdhalah K Ziraba, Catherine Kyobutungi
INTRODUCTION: Improving maternal and newborn survival remains major aspirations for many countries in the Global South. Slum settlements, a result of rapid urbanisation in many developing countries including Kenya, exhibit high levels of maternal and neonatal mortality. There are limited referral mechanisms for sick neonates and their mothers from the community to healthcare facilities with ability to provide adequate care. In this study, we specifically plan to develop and assess the added value of having community health volunteers (CHVs) use smartphones to identify and track mothers and children in a bid to reduce pregnancy-related complications and newborn deaths in the urban slums of Kamukunji subcounty in Nairobi, Kenya...
July 20, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722608/active-tuberculosis-case-finding-in-haiti
#2
Jack Masur, Serena P Koenig, Pierrot Julma, Oksana Ocheretina, Maria A Durán-Mendicuti, Daniel W Fitzgerald, Jean W Pape
In 2010, Haiti suffered from a devastating earthquake; data on the impact on the tuberculosis (TB) epidemic are limited. From January to June 2013, we conducted active case finding at the household level in a slum in Port-au-Prince. Community health workers identified individuals with cough ≥ 2 weeks, and referred them for evaluation. Contact tracing was conducted for patients with active TB. Of an estimated 7,500 residents screened, 394 (5%) had cough and were tested for TB. One hundred (25%) were diagnosed with active TB; 53 (53%) were smear positive...
May 30, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721954/out-of-pocket-health-expenditure-and-sources-of-financing-for-delivery-postpartum-and-neonatal-health-in-urban-slums-of-bhubaneswar-odisha-india
#3
Kirti Sundar Sahu, Bhavna Bharati
BACKGROUND: Out-of-pocket expenditure (OOPE) is an obstacle in the path of getting universal health coverage in India. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to explore the OOPE, sources of funding, and experience of catastrophic expenditure (CE) for healthcare related to delivery, postpartum, and neonatal morbidity. METHODS: A community-based, cross-sectional survey was conducted among a sample of 240 recently delivered women from the slums of Bhubaneswar, Odisha...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716067/molecular-characterization-of-group-a-rotaviruses-in-mukuru-slums-kenya-detection-of-novel-strains-circulating-in-children-below-5%C3%A2-years-of-age
#4
Joshua Ndung'u Gikonyo, James Nyangao, Cecilia Mbae, Carlene Sang, Eliud Njagi, Joseph Ngeranwa, Mathew Esona, Mapaseka L Seheri, Grace W Gitau, Kedra Raini, Samuel Kariuki
BACKGROUND: Gastroenteritis is a public health concern due to high morbidity and mortality among children. Rotaviruses are the leading etiological agents of severe gastroenteritis in children and accounts for more than half a million deaths per year in Africa. The study aimed at investigating the rotavirus genotypes that were circulating in children aged 5 years and below in and around Mukuru slums in Nairobi County Kenya. METHODS: A purposive cross sectional sampling method was applied where 166 samples were collected from children below 5 years of age and taken to Kenya Medical Research Institute virology laboratory...
July 17, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711437/intestinal-parasitic-infections-current-status-and-associated-risk-factors-among-school-aged-children-in-an-archetypal-african-urban-slum-in-nigeria
#5
Vincent P Gyang, Ting-Wu Chuang, Chien-Wei Liao, Yueh-Lun Lee, Olaoluwa P Akinwale, Akwaowo Orok, Olusola Ajibaye, Ajayi J Babasola, Po-Ching Cheng, Chia-Mei Chou, Ying-Chieh Huang, Pasaiko Sonko, Chia-Kwung Fan
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Intestinal parasitic infections (IPIs) among school aged children (SAC) in Nigeria remains endemic, hence the need for regular surveillance to attract the attention of policy makers. This cross-sectional study investigated the current prevalence and factors associated with intestinal parasitic infections among school aged children in an urban slum of Lagos City, Nigeria. METHODS: Single stool samples from 384 school aged children (188 boys and 196 girls) were examined by employing Merthiolate-iodine-formaldehyde concentration (MIFC) and Kato-Katz methods...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658883/artificial-neural-network-ann-model-to-predict-depression-among-geriatric-population-at-a-slum-in-kolkata-india
#6
Arkaprabha Sau, Ishita Bhakta
INTRODUCTION: Depression is one of the most important causes of mortality and morbidity among the geriatric population. Although, the aging brain is more vulnerable to depression, it cannot be considered as physiological and an inevitable part of ageing. Various sociodemographic and morbidity factors are responsible for the depression among them. Using Artificial Neural Network (ANN) model depression can be predicted from various sociodemographic variables and co morbid conditions even at community level by the grass root level health care workers...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656596/if-i-do-not-have-enough-water-then-how-could-i-bring-additional-water-for-toilet-cleaning-addressing-water-scarcity-to-promote-hygienic-use-of-shared-toilets-in-dhaka-bangladesh
#7
Ronald E Saxton, Farzana Yeasmin, Mahbub-Ul Alam, Abdullah Al-Masud, Notan Chandra Dutta, Dalia Yeasmin, Stephen P Luby, Leanne Unicomb, Peter J Winch
OBJECTIVES: Provision of toilets is necessary but not sufficient to impact health as poor maintenance may impair toilet function and discourage their consistent use. Water in urban slums is both scarce and a prerequisite for toilet maintenance behaviors. We describe the development of behavior change communications and selection of low-cost water storage hardware to facilitate adequate flushing among users of shared toilets. METHODS: We conducted 9 focus group discussions and 6 ranking exercises with adult users of shared toilets (50 females, 35 males), then designed and implemented 3 pilot interventions to facilitate regular flushing and improve hygienic conditions of shared toilets...
June 27, 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630642/infant-and-young-child-feeding-practice-among-mothers-with-0-24%C3%A2-months-old-children-in-slum-areas-of-bahir-dar-city-ethiopia
#8
Yeshalem Mulugeta Demilew, Tadese Ejigu Tafere, Dereje Berhanu Abitew
BACKGROUND: Adequate nutrition during infancy and early childhood is essential to ensure the health, growth and development of children. However, infant feeding practice is suboptimal in Bahir Dar City, Ethiopia. The slum area is a heavily populated urban informal settlement characterized by substandard housing, squalor, with a lack of reliable sanitation services, supply of clean water, reliable electricity, law enforcement and other basic services. Residents of the slum area were poor and less educated...
2017: International Breastfeeding Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597864/motivating-and-demotivating-factors-for-community-health-workers-a-qualitative-study-in-urban-slums-of-delhi-india
#9
Mathew Sunil George, Shradha Pant, Niveditha Devasenapathy, Suparna Ghosh-Jerath, Sanjay P Zodpey
Background Community health workers play an important role in delivering health-care services, especially to underserved populations in low- and middle-income countries. They have been shown to be successful in providing a range of preventive, promotive and curative services. This qualitative study investigated the factors motivating or demotivating community health workers in urban settings in Delhi, India. Methods In this sub-study of the ANCHUL (Ante Natal and Child Healthcare in Urban Slums) implementation research project, four focus-group discussions and nine in-depth interviews were conducted with community health workers and medical officers...
April 2017: WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595624/immunization-urbanization-and-slums-a-systematic-review-of-factors-and-interventions
#10
Tim Crocker-Buque, Godwin Mindra, Richard Duncan, Sandra Mounier-Jack
BACKGROUND: In 2014, over half (54%) of the world's population lived in urban areas and this proportion will increase to 66% by 2050. This urbanizing trend has been accompanied by an increasing number of people living in urban poor communities and slums. Lower immunization coverage is found in poorer urban dwellers in many contexts. This study aims to identify factors associated with immunization coverage in poor urban areas and slums, and to identify interventions to improve coverage...
June 8, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583203/factors-associated-with-mothers-knowledge-on-infant-and-young-child-feeding-recommendation-in-slum-areas-of-bahir-dar-city-ethiopia-cross-sectional-study
#11
Yeshalem Mulugeta Demilew
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is a public health concern in Ethiopia. This might be correlated with inappropriate infant and young child feeding practice. This in turn is affected by Mothers' knowledge on feeding practice. However, information on mothers' knowledge on infant and young child feeding recommendation was scarce in Ethiopia. Therefore, this study was designed to assess mothers' knowledge on infant and young child feeding recommendation and associated factors in slum areas of Bahir Dar City, Ethiopia...
June 5, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556458/behaviour-change-intervention-to-improve-shared-toilet-maintenance-and-cleanliness-in-urban-slums-of-dhaka-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#12
Mahbub-Ul Alam, Peter J Winch, Ronald E Saxton, Fosiul A Nizame, Farzana Yeasmin, Guy Norman, Abdullah-Al Masud, Farzana Begum, Mahbubur Rahman, Kamal Hossain, Anita Layden, Leanne Unicomb, Stephen P Luby
OBJECTIVES: Shared toilets in urban slums are often unclean and poorly maintained, discouraging consistent use and thereby limiting impacts on health and quality of life. We developed behaviour change interventions to support shared toilet maintenance and improve user satisfaction. We report the intervention effectiveness on improving shared toilet cleanliness. METHODS: We conducted a cluster-randomised controlled trial among users of 1226 shared toilets in 23 Dhaka slums...
May 28, 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511647/low-smoke-chulha-in-indian-slums-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#13
Megha Thakur, Esther A Boudewijns, Giridhara R Babu, Bjorn Winkens, Luc P de Witte, Jeroen Gruiskens, Preeti Sushama, Cristian T Ghergu, Onno C P van Schayck
BACKGROUND: Biomass fuel is used as a primary cooking source by more than half of the world's population, contributing to a high burden of disease. Although cleaner fuels are available, some households continue using solid fuels because of financial constraints and absence of infrastructure, especially in non-notified slums. The present study documents a randomised controlled study investigating the efficacy of improved cookstove on the personal exposure to air pollution and the respiratory health of women and children in an Indian slum...
May 16, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511415/impact-of-a-structured-tuberculosis-awareness-strategy-on-the-knowledge-and-behaviour-of-the-families-in-a-slum-area-in-chhattisgarh-india
#14
Janmejaya Samal, Ranjit Kumar Dehury
INTRODUCTION: Of different methods of disease prevention, health education and awareness programmes can empower people regarding several aspects of disease management and thereby enabling them in accessing the right treatment, in right time, at right place. AIM: The aim of this study was to assess the impact of a structured Tuberculosis (TB) awareness strategy on the knowledge and behaviour of slum dwellers of Durg, Chhattisgarh, India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A TB awareness intervention was implemented in terms of informing the houses of marginalized and vulnerable communities about TB, its symptoms, diagnosis, treatment and Revised National TB Control Program (RNTCP) services and the impact of the same was assessed through a survey questionnaire before and after the implementation of the intervention...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496441/discovery-of-novel-leptospirosis-vaccine-candidates-using-reverse-and-structural-vaccinology
#15
André Alex Grassmann, Frederico Schmitt Kremer, Júlia Cougo Dos Santos, Jéssica Dias Souza, Luciano da Silva Pinto, Alan John Alexander McBride
Leptospira spp. are diderm (two membranes) bacteria that infect mammals causing leptospirosis, a public health problem with global implications. Thousands of people die every year due to leptospirosis, especially in developing countries with tropical climates. Prophylaxis is difficult due to multiple factors, including the large number of asymptomatic hosts that transmit the bacteria, poor sanitation, increasing numbers of slum dwellers, and the lack of an effective vaccine. Several leptospiral recombinant antigens were evaluated as a replacement for the inactivated (bacterin) vaccine; however, success has been limited...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489890/unmasking-inequalities-sub-national-maternal-and-child-mortality-data-from-two-urban-slums-in-lagos-nigeria-tells-the-story
#16
Erin Anastasi, Ekanem Ekanem, Olivia Hill, Agnes Adebayo Oluwakemi, Oluwatosin Abayomi, Andrea Bernasconi
INTRODUCTION: Nigeria has one of the highest maternal mortality ratios in the world as well as high perinatal mortality. Unfortunately, the country does not have the resources to assess this critical indicator with the conventional health information system and measuring its progress toward the goal of ending preventable maternal deaths is almost impossible. Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) conducted a cross-sectional study to assess maternal and perinatal mortality in Makoko Riverine and Badia East, two of the most vulnerable slums of Lagos...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473861/environmental-spatial-and-sociodemographic-factors-associated-with-nonfatal-injuries-in-indonesia
#17
Sri Irianti, Puguh Prasetyoputra
Background. The determinants of injuries and their reoccurrence in Indonesia are not well understood, despite their importance in the prevention of injuries. Therefore, this study seeks to investigate the environmental, spatial, and sociodemographic factors associated with the reoccurrence of injuries among Indonesian people. Methods. Data from the 2013 round of the Indonesia Baseline Health Research (IBHR 2013) were analysed using a two-part hurdle regression model. A logit regression model was chosen for the zero-hurdle part, while a zero-truncated negative binomial regression model was selected for the counts part...
2017: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472997/erratum-to-utilization-of-health-facilities-and-predictors-of-health-seeking-behavior-for-under-five-children-with-acute-diarrhea-in-slums-of-addis-ababa-ethiopia-a-community-based-cross-sectional-study
#18
Metadel Adane, Bezatu Mengistie, Worku Mulat, Helmut Kloos, Girmay Medhin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 4, 2017: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450584/syria-slums-and-health-security
#19
EDITORIAL
Seth Berkley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 28, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409672/making-a-difference-a-study-of-cognitive-stimulation-therapy-for-persons-with-dementia
#20
Daniel B Stewart, Marla Berg-Weger, Susan Tebb, Michele Sakamoto, Kristina Roselle, Laura Downing, Janice Lundy, Deborah Hayden
Affecting nearly 5.4 million older adults in the United States and 35.6 million individuals worldwide, dementia is one of the greatest public health crises of our time. As a result, helping professionals, clients, and care partners seek effective and affordable treatment. Developed in the United Kingdom by Spector and colleagues, Cognitive Stimulation Therapy (CST) is a non-pharmacologic psychosocial group intervention for persons with dementia. To expand upon and fill the gaps within existing research, the authors developed a descriptive study to assess the impact of CST on cognition, quality of life, and depression, among six CST groups (n = 40)...
May 2017: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
keyword
keyword
46892
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"