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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224691/musculoskeletal-health-conditions-among-older-populations-in-urban-slums-in-sub-saharan-africa
#1
REVIEW
Isabella Aboderin, Agnes Nanyonjo
BACKGROUND: Debate on the burden of musculoskeletal (MSK) conditions in lower and middle income countries is intensifying; yet, little knowledge so far exists on patterns and impacts of such conditions among general or older adult populations in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). The objectives of this study are to examine the prevalence, potential predictors, and sequelae of MSK among older adults residing in two low resource informal urban settlements or "slums" in Nairobi Kenya. METHODS: Data on older adults aged 60 years and over from two unrelated cross-sectional surveys on the older slum populations are used: a 2006/7 survey on the social, health, and overall well-being of older people (sample N = 831), and a 2016 survey on realities and impacts of long-term care and social protection for older adults (sample n = 1026)...
April 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220718/spatial-and-temporal-dynamics-of-pathogenic-leptospira-in-surface-waters-from-the-urban-slum-environment
#2
Arnau Casanovas-Massana, Federico Costa, Irina N Riediger, Marcelo Cunha, Daiana de Oliveira, Diogenes C Mota, Erica Sousa, Vladimir A Querino, Nivisson Nery, Mitermayer G Reis, Elsio A Wunder, Peter J Diggle, Albert I Ko
Leptospirosis has emerged as an important urban health problem as slum settlements have expanded worldwide. Yet the dynamics of the environmentally transmitted Leptospira pathogen has not been well characterized in these settings. We used a stratified dense sampling scheme to study the dynamics of Leptospira abundance in surface waters from a Brazilian urban slum community. We collected surface water samples during the dry, intermediate and rainy seasons within a seven-month period and quantified pathogenic Leptospira by quantitative PCR (qPCR)...
November 30, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219130/effects-of-health-education-tool-on-select-epidemiological-factors-associated-with-adult-obese-urban-slum-women
#3
Deepika Pradeep Vora, Pallavi S Shelke
BACKGROUND: National Family Health Survey-3 (2005-2006) India, found that 14.8% of Ever-Married Adults (age 15-49 years) had Body Mass Index (BMI) in the ranges of overweight and obese; compared to 10.6% in the National Family Health Survey-2. These figures highlighted the fact that India already faces a dual burden of chronic malnutrition, i.e., obesity, besides undernutrition. Higher BMI, especially, increased abdominal fat is an important determinant of the development of diabetes...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219129/utilization-of-safe-drinking-water-and-sanitary-facilities-in-slum-households-of-siliguri-west-bengal
#4
Ditipriya Bhar, Sharmistha Bhattacherjee, Abhijit Mukherjee, Tapas Kumar Sarkar, Samir Dasgupta
BACKGROUND: With the rapid expansion of urban population, provision of safe water and basic sanitation is becoming a challenge; especially in slums. This is adversely affecting the health of the people living in such areas. OBJECTIVES: The study was conducted to measure the proportion of households using improved drinking water and sanitation facilities and to determine the association between diarrhea in under-five children with water and sanitation facilities...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208854/study-on-clinical-presentation-and-outcome-of-septic-abortion-and-its-relationship-with-person-inducing-abortion
#5
S Nahar, S Akhter, F Ahamed, K Akhtar, F Noor
Abortion is a global problem. Maternal mortality and morbidity is still high due to uncontrolled abortion mainly induced abortion which may turn to septic abortion. A total of 50 cases of septic abortion cases admitted in Dhaka Medical College Hospital were included in this study. This cross sectional study was designed to find out the clinical presentation and outcome of septic abortion from January 2010 to January 2011. Out of 50 cases of septic abortion admitted where 44(88%) were induced abortion. Majority of the cases were parous (2-3 parity 32%; 4-6 parity 38%; and 6+ parity 4%) and housewives 42(84%), living with their husbands 49(98%), hailing from urban, semi urban and urban slums...
October 2017: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208840/awareness-and-eye-health-seeking-practices-for-cataract-among-urban-slum-population-of-delhi-the-north-india-eye-disease-awareness-study
#6
Vasundhra Misra, Praveen Vashist, Senjam Suraj Singh, Sumit Malhotra, Vivek Gupta, S N Dwivedi, Sanjeev K Gupta
PURPOSE: The objective of the study was to assess the awareness and health-seeking practices related to cataract in urban slums of Delhi. METHODS: This study design was a population-based cross-sectional study. Participants aged 18-60 years were recruited from randomly selected five slums of South Delhi. They were interviewed using a semi-structured interview schedule on awareness and eye health-seeking practices related to cataract. The practices were recorded if the respondents themselves or any other member of the family was diagnosed with cataract in previous 2 years...
December 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192387/differences-in-child-health-across-rural-urban-and-slum-areas-evidence-from-india
#7
Claus C Pörtner, Yu-Hsuan Su
The developing world is rapidly urbanizing, but an understanding of how child health differs across urban and rural areas is lacking. We examine the association between area of residence and child health in India, focusing on composition and selection effects. Simple height-for-age averages show that rural Indian children have the poorest health and urban children have the best, with slum children in between. With wealth or observed health environment held constant, the urban height-for-age advantage disappears, and slum children fare significantly worse than their rural counterparts...
November 30, 2017: Demography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187954/application-of-psychosocial-models-to-home-based-testing-and-counseling-hbtc-for-increased-uptake-and-household-coverage-in-a-large-informal-urban-settlement-in-kenya
#8
Patricia Oluoch, James Orwa, Fillet Lugalia, David Mutinda, Anthony Gichangi, Joseph Oundo, Mohamed Karama, Zipporah Nganga, Jennifer Galbraith
Introduction: Home Based Testing and Counselling (HBTC) aims at reaching individuals who have low HIV risk perception and experience barriers which prevent them from seeking HIV testing and counseling (HTC) services. Saturating the community with HTC is needed to achieve the ambitious 90-90-90 targets of knowledge of HIV status, ARV treatment and viral suppression. This paper describes the use of health belief model and community participation principles in HBTC to achieve increased household coverage and HTC uptake...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143668/women-s-empowerment-and-experiences-of-mistreatment-during-childbirth-in-facilities-in-lucknow-india-results-from-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Nadia Diamond-Smith, Emily Treleaven, Nirmala Murthy, May Sudhinaraset
BACKGROUND: Recent evidence has found widespread reports of women experiencing abuse, neglect, discrimination, and poor interpersonal care during childbirth around the globe. Empowerment may be a protective mechanism for women against facility mistreatment during childbirth. The majority of previous research on mistreatment during childbirth has been qualitative in nature. METHODS: In this analysis, we use quantitative data from 392 women who recently gave birth in a facility in the slums of Lucknow, India, to explore whether measures of women's empowerment are associated with their experiences of mistreatment at their last childbirth...
November 8, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138201/effect-of-iron-and-zinc-biofortified-pearl-millet-consumption-on-growth-and-immune-competence-in-children-aged-12-18-months-in-india-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#10
Saurabh Mehta, Julia L Finkelstein, Sudha Venkatramanan, Samantha L Huey, Shobha A Udipi, Padmini Ghugre, Caleb Ruth, Richard L Canfield, Anura V Kurpad, Ramesh D Potdar, Jere D Haas
INTRODUCTION: Biofortified crops represent a sustainable agricultural solution for the widespread micronutrient malnutrition in India and other resource-limited settings. This study aims to investigate the effect of the consumption of foods prepared with iron- and zinc-biofortified pearl millet (FeZn-PM) by children on biomarkers of iron and zinc status, growth, and immune function. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: We will conduct a randomised controlled feeding trial in identified slums of Mumbai, India among 200 children aged between 12 and 18 months...
November 14, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113608/the-brazilian-family-health-strategy-and-the-management-of-intestinal-parasitic-infections
#11
Caroline Ferraz Ignacio, Martha Macedo de Lima Barata, Antonio Henrique Almeida de Moraes Neto
Aim This study analyzed the management of intestinal parasitic infections in the Family Health Strategy covering Brazilian urban slums. BACKGROUND: The Family Health Strategy is the preferred strategy for providing public, community-based primary health care in the Brazilian Unified Health System (SUS). Through this strategy, Family Health teams are responsible for the health of residents of a defined territory, including health promotion, health education and control of neglected tropical diseases such as intestinal parasitic infections...
November 8, 2017: Primary Health Care Research & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113595/the-helminth-community-of-a-population-of-rattus-norvegicus-from-an-urban-brazilian-slum-and-the-threat-of-zoonotic-diseases
#12
Ticiana Carvalho-Pereira, Fábio N Souza, Luana R N Santos, Ruth Walker, Arsinoê C Pertile, Daiana S de Oliveira, Gabriel G Pedra, Amanda Minter, Maria Gorete Rodrigues, Thiago C Bahiense, Mitermayer G Reis, Peter J Diggle, Albert I Ko, James E Childs, Eduardo M da Silva, Mike Begon, Federico Costa
Urban slums provide suitable conditions for infestation by rats, which harbour and shed a wide diversity of zoonotic pathogens including helminths. We aimed to identify risk factors associated with the probability and intensity of infection of helminths of the digestive tract in an urban slum population of Rattus norvegicus. Among 299 rats, eleven species/groups of helminths were identified, of which Strongyloides sp., Nippostrongylus brasiliensis and, the human pathogen, Angiostrongylus cantonensis were the most frequent (97, 41 and 39%, respectively)...
November 8, 2017: Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107565/rubber-stamp-templates-for-improving-clinical-documentation-a-paper-based-m-health-approach-for-quality-improvement-in-low-resource-settings
#13
Bernadette Kleczka, Anita Musiega, Grace Rabut, Phoebe Wekesa, Paul Mwaniki, Michael Marx, Pratap Kumar
BACKGROUND: The United Nations' Sustainable Development Goal #3.8 targets 'access to quality essential healthcare services'. Clinical practice guidelines are an important tool for ensuring quality of clinical care, but many challenges prevent their use in low-resource settings. Monitoring the use of guidelines relies on cumbersome clinical audits of paper records, and electronic systems face financial and other limitations. Here we describe a unique approach to generating digital data from paper using guideline-based templates, rubber stamps and mobile phones...
October 23, 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061430/treatment-of-maternal-depression-in-urban-slums-of-karachi-pakistan-a-randomized-controlled-trial-rct-of-an-integrated-maternal-psychological-and-early-child-development-intervention
#14
Nusrat Husain, Farah Zulqernain, Lesley-Anne Carter, Imran B Chaudhry, Batool Fatima, Tayyeba Kiran, Nasim Chaudhry, Shehla Naeem, Farhat Jafri, Farah Lunat, Sami Ul Haq, Meher Husain, Chris Roberts, Farooq Naeem, Atif Rahman
BACKGROUND: Maternal depression is a major public health problem. This may affect a mother's ability to provide adequate care for the child. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the Learning through Play Plus program (LTP Plus) - a parenting program integrated with Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT). METHODS: A total of 247 women with symptoms of depression in Karachi, Pakistan were assigned randomly to either LTP Plus or routine care (Clinical Trials Identifier: NCT00835016)...
October 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053576/toward-age-friendly-slums-health-challenges-of-older-slum-dwellers-in-nairobi-and-the-applicability-of-the-age-friendly-city-approach
#15
Isabella Aboderin, Megumi Kano, Hilda Akinyi Owii
A majority of urban residents in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) and other developing regions live in informal settlements, or slums. Much of the discourse on slum health centres on younger generations, while an intensifying agenda on healthy ageing as yet lacks a systematic focus on slums. Similarly, the global age-friendly cities (AFC) movement does not, thus far, extend to slums. This paper examines the particular challenges that a slum-focused age-friendly initiative in SSA may need to address, and the relevance of present AFC indicators and domains for initiatives to advance the health and well-being of older slum dwellers...
October 20, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039800/high-ethanol-contents-of-spirit-drinks-in-kibera-slums-kenya-implications-for-public-health
#16
Alex O Okaru, Kennedy O Abuga, Isaac O Kibwage, Dirk W Lachenmeier
Cheap licit and artisanal illicit spirit drinks have been associated with numerous outbreaks of alcohol poisoning especially with methanol. This study aimed to evaluate the quality of cheap spirit drinks in Kibera slums in Nairobi County, Kenya. The samples consisted of cheap licit spirits (n = 11) and the artisanal spirit drink, 'chang'aa', (n = 28). The parameters of alcoholic strength and volatile composition were used as indicators of quality and were determined using gas chromatography with flame ionization detection (GC-FID) and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) respectively...
October 17, 2017: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016282/analysis-of-health-indicators-in-two-rural-communities-on-the-colombian-caribbean-coast-poor-water-supply-and-education-level-are-associated-with-water-related-diseases
#17
María Stephany Ruiz-Díaz, Gustavo José Mora-García, Germán Israel Salguedo-Madrid, Doris Esther Gómez-Camargo
Water-related diseases are closely linked with drinking water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) indicators, socioeconomic status, education level, or dwelling's conditions. Developing countries exhibit a particular vulnerability to these diseases, especially rural areas and urban slums. This study assessed socioeconomic features, WASH indicators, and water-related diseases in two rural areas of the Colombian Caribbean coast. Most of this population did not finish basic education (72.3%, N = 159). Only one of the communities had a water supply (aqueduct), whereas the other received water via an adapted tanker ship...
September 25, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977323/degradation-of-parental-bonding-and-violence-against-children-the-use-of-family-genogram-in-the-pediatric-clinic
#18
Égle Thomaz Leoncio, Sonia Regina Pereira de Souza, José Lúcio Martins Machado
OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate the importance of using the family genogram in pediatric consultation, as an analysis tool to evaluate the degradation of parental bonding and also violence against children. METHODS: A qualitative study was conducted in 2011 wherein 63 children, aged between 2 and 6 years, enrolled in a slum nursery, was studied. In order to construct the genogram, data were collected in four stages: pediatric evaluation at nursery; interview with caregivers; interview with teachers; and interview with the nursery coordinator...
April 2017: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971097/acceptability-of-iron-and-zinc-biofortified-pearl-millet-ictp-8203-based-complementary-foods-among-children-in-an-urban-slum-of-mumbai-india
#19
Samantha Lee Huey, Sudha Venkatramanan, Shobha A Udipi, Julia Leigh Finkelstein, Padmini Ghugre, Jere Douglas Haas, Varsha Thakker, Aparna Thorat, Ashwini Salvi, Anura V Kurpad, Saurabh Mehta
Biofortification, a method for increasing micronutrient content of staple crops, is a promising strategy for combating major global health problems, such as iron and zinc deficiency. We examined the acceptability of recipes prepared using iron- and zinc-biofortified pearl millet (FeZnPM) (~80 ppm Fe, ~34 ppm Zn, varietal ICTP-8203), compared to conventional pearl millet (CPM) (~20 ppm Fe, ~19 ppm Zn) in preparation for an efficacy trial. Our objective was to examine the acceptability of FeZnPM compared to CPM among young children and mothers living in the urban slums of Mumbai...
2017: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871278/community-mobilization-for-slum-upgrading-through-sanitation-in-roma-informal-settlements-in-the-paris-region
#20
Ipsita Nita Chaudhuri
BACKGROUND: Community-based processes addressing environment, housing, and health issues may decrease health inequities by addressing social, economic, and political health determinants more effectively. Yet little analysis of their effectiveness has been undertaken and their potential transfer to marginalized groups in rich country settings. In Europe, stark health inequalities are seen among the Roma, Europe's most impoverished community who often reside in informal settlements suffering from illiteracy, inadequate housing, and lack of water and sanitation...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
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