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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187147/widespread-fear-of-dengue-transmission-but-poor-practices-of-dengue-prevention-a-study-in-the-slums-of-delhi-india
#1
Éric Daudé, Sumit Mazumdar, Vandana Solanki
BACKGROUND: This study has been conducted to throw light on the knowledge and practices related to dengue fever among the poor population living in Delhi's slums. MATERIALS: A household survey was conducted in 2013 among 3,350 households. The households were stratified by a number of variables related to socio-economic status and health events such as hospitalisation. The data collection was completed through face-to-face interviews conducted with the help of 25 field investigators...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170326/richard-lilford-finding-a-new-challenge-in-slum-health
#2
Geoff Watts
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 4, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170319/health-in-slums-understanding-the-unseen
#3
EDITORIAL
The Lancet
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 4, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134756/urban-place-and-health-equity-critical-issues-and-practices
#4
Jason Corburn
Urban places and health equity are two of the most challenging concepts for 21st century environmental health. More people live in cities than at any other time in human history and health inequities are increasing. Health inequities are avoidable differences in the social, environmental and political conditions that shape morbidity and mortality, and disproportionately burden the poor, racial, ethnic and religious minorities and migrants. By linking urban place and health inequities, research and action brings into sharp relief the challenges of achieving urban environmental justice...
January 26, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107371/sexual-reproductive-health-needs-and-rights-of-young-people-in-slum-areas-of-kampala-uganda-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Andre M N Renzaho, Joseph K Kamara, Nichole Georgeou, Gilbert Kamanga
BACKGROUND: Young people in Uganda face various sexual and reproductive health risks, especially those living in urban slums. The aim of this study was to examine factors associated with comprehensive categories of sexual and reproductive health, including sexual behaviours; sexual education and access to contraceptive services; family planning; prevention of STDs; sexual consent as a right; gender based violence; as well as HIV testing, counselling, disclosure and support. METHODS: The study was cross-sectional in design and was carried out in July 2014 in Makindye and Nakawa Divisions of Kampala City, Uganda...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062480/mean-dietary-salt-intake-in-urban-and-rural-areas-in-india-a-population-survey-of-1395-persons
#6
Claire Johnson, Sailesh Mohan, Kris Rogers, Roopa Shivashankar, Sudhir Raj Thout, Priti Gupta, Feng J He, Graham A MacGregor, Jacqui Webster, Anand Krishnan, Pallab K Maulik, K Srinath Reddy, Dorairaj Prabhakaran, Bruce Neal
BACKGROUND: The scientific evidence base in support of population-wide salt reduction is strong, but current high-quality data about salt intake levels in India are mostly absent. This project sought to estimate daily salt consumption levels in selected communities of Delhi and Haryana in north India and Andhra Pradesh in south India. METHODS AND RESULTS: In this study, 24-hour urine samples were collected using an age- and sex-stratified sampling strategy in rural, urban, and slum areas...
January 6, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040697/mother-s-recognition-of-and-treatment-triggers-for-common-childhood-illnesses-among-migrant-santal-tribe-living-in-bhubaneswar-odisha-india
#7
Suchismita Mishra, Yadlapalli S Kusuma, Bontha V Babu
BACKGROUND: Accelerating reduction in infant and other child mortality rates calls for comprehensive child survival strategies. Early recognition of illness and timely seeking of treatment are critical elements to prevent child deaths, and cultural explanation for these care-seeking behaviours is important. The present article reports (i) mothers' recognition of illness and (ii) triggers of treatment related to some childhood illnesses among a migrant tribal community living in Bhubaneswar city, India...
December 30, 2016: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031730/improving-quality-of-home-based-postnatal-care-by-microteaching-of-multipurpose-workers-in-rural-and-urban-slum-areas-of-chandigarh-india-a-pilot-study
#8
Madhu Gupta, Jaya Prasad Tripathy, Limalemla Jamir, Ashutosh Sarwa, Smita Sinha, Chering Bhag
BACKGROUND: Microteaching is an efficient teaching tool to improve skills. Until now, its use is very limited in the health sector. A pilot study was carried out to improve the quality of home-based postnatal care by microteaching of health workers (HWs) and ascertain its feasibility for supportive supervision. METHODS: All (n=12) the HWs catering to a population of ~0.1 million were video recorded while performing home-based postnatal check up in Chandigarh from August 2013 to December 2014...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942386/are-patients-with-pulmonary-tuberculosis-who-are-identified-through-active-case-finding-in-the-community-different-than-those-identified-in-healthcare-facilities
#9
S T Abdurrahman, L Lawson, M Blakiston, J Obasanya, M A Yassin, R M Anderson, O Oladimeji, A Ramsay, L E Cuevas
The lack of healthcare access contributes to large numbers of tuberculosis (TB) cases being missed and has led to renewed interest in outreach approaches to increase detection. It is however unclear whether outreach activities increase case detection or merely identify patients before they attend health facilities. We compared adults with cough of >2 weeks' duration recruited in health facilities (1202 participants) or in urban slums (2828 participants) in Nigeria. Participants provided demographic and clinical information and were screened using smear microscopy...
January 2017: New Microbes and New Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924741/health-and-health-related-indicators-in-slum-rural-and-urban-communities-a-comparative-analysis
#10
Blessing U Mberu, Tilahun Nigatu Haregu, Catherine Kyobutungi, Alex C Ezeh
BACKGROUND: It is generally assumed that urban slum residents have worse health status when compared with other urban populations, but better health status than their rural counterparts. This belief/assumption is often because of their physical proximity and assumed better access to health care services in urban areas. However, a few recent studies have cast doubt on this belief. Whether slum dwellers are better off, similar to, or worse off as compared with rural and other urban populations remain poorly understood as indicators for slum dwellers are generally hidden in urban averages...
2016: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922342/treatment-seeking-and-out-of-pocket-expenditure-on-childhood-illness-in-a-migrant-tribal-community-in-bhubaneswar-odisha-state-india
#11
Suchismita Mishra, Yadlapalli S Kusuma, Bontha V Babu
BACKGROUND: In India, migrant status, tribal affiliation and poverty render tribal migrants more vulnerable than any other group which leads to high treatment costs and the risk of low access to health care. OBJECTIVE: To examine treatment-seeking behaviour and out-of-pocket (OOP) expenditure on the treatment of childhood illnesses, with a focus on gender in a migrant tribal community in Bhubaneswar, eastern India. METHODS: A total of 175 households with a child aged 0-14 years and who had migrated within the last 12 years were selected from tribal-dominated slums...
December 6, 2016: Paediatrics and International Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865243/lessons-learnt-from-active-tuberculosis-case-finding-in-an-urban-slum-setting-of-agra-city-india
#12
Banuru Muralidhara Prasad, Srinath Satyanarayana, Sarabjit Singh Chadha
Active case finding (ACF) is recognized as one of the key strategies to reach the missing 3 million cases in high tuberculosis (TB) burden countries. In India, we conducted ACF as a pilot project to assess its operational feasibility in four slums of Agra city in 2012 and covered 3940 households (in 14 wards) with a population of 21,870. Trained community volunteers visited households with an intention to provide information on TB and refer those with cough ≥2 weeks for sputum smear examination. Volunteers identified 8 persons with cough of ≥2 weeks by asking the first or the main respondent of the household...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865238/tuberculosis-prevalence-and-socio-economic-differentials-in-the-slums-of-four-metropolitan-cities-of-india
#13
Palaniappan Marimuthu
AIM: To understand tuberculosis (TB) prevalence among the slum dwellers of metropolitan cities of India and the factors associated with TB prevalence. METHODS: National Family Health Survey-III data for four metropolitan cities namely, Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata and Chennai was used for this study. RESULTS: Prevalence of TB is significantly (P=0.001) higher in the slums than non-slums of Mumbai, Chennai and Kolkata cities. As the living standard increases, TB prevalence decreases...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863317/evaluating-promis-%C3%A2-applied-cognition-items-in-a-sample-of-older-adults-at-risk-for-cognitive-decline
#14
Molly Howland, Curtis Tatsuoka, Kathleen A Smyth, Martha Sajatovic
PROMIS(®) Applied Cognition is a short self-assessment of cognitive abilities and concerns that eliminates the need for a trained rater and provides online question banks that can be uniformly used across health care providers. This 12-month prospective study of 281 elderly individuals evaluates self-perceptions of cognitive functioning in relation to objective cognition, or assessment by an external rater, and compares PROMIS® Applied Cognition Abilities and Concerns subsets with commonly used "legacy" instruments...
January 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843827/anemia-and-its-determinants-among-women-of-reproductive-age-of-a-slum-in-kolkata-a-focus-group-discussion-among-health-workers-in-a-slum-of-kolkata
#15
Aparajita Dasgupta, Kaushik Sarkar, Ranadip Chowdhury, Arindam Ray, Bhaskar Shahbabu
CONTEXT: Anemia is a major contributor to morbidity and mortality among women of reproductive age. Progress toward reducing the burden of anemia has been little despite efforts through decades. AIMS: We conducted this study to unearth the microlevel determinants of anemia among women of reproductive age. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: This qualitative study was conducted in Urban Health Centre (UHC), Chetla. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A focus group discussion was held among all the eight health staffs, who were involved in reproductive and child health-related service delivery under UHC, Chetla...
April 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806533/epidemiologic-correlates-of-chronic-respiratory-infections-in-adults-an-urban-slum-of-bhubaneswar-odisha-india
#16
Sonali Kar, Ipsa Mohapatra, Amrita Konar
INTRODUCTION: Urbanization is marked by emergence of slum areas, wherein migrants from the nearby villages stay in temporary establishments for seeking avenues of employment. These dwellings lack most of the essential living conditions like safe water, healthy living conditions and access to health services. This population is also vulnerable to social evils like alcohol and tobacco addiction. KIMS, a medical college in Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India has an Urban Health Training Centre (UHTC) that caters to a slum population of nearly 12,000 population for their primary health needs...
August 4, 2016: Global Journal of Health Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793115/women-s-status-and-experiences-of-mistreatment-during-childbirth-in-uttar-pradesh-a-mixed-methods-study-using-cultural-health-capital-theory
#17
May Sudhinaraset, Emily Treleaven, Jason Melo, Kanksha Singh, Nadia Diamond-Smith
BACKGROUND: Mistreatment of women in healthcare settings during childbirth has been gaining attention globally. Mistreatment during childbirth directly and indirectly affects health outcomes, patient satisfaction, and the likelihood of delivering in a facility currently or in the future. It is important that we study patients' reports of mistreatment and abuse to develop a deeper understanding of how it is perpetrated, its consequences, and to identify potential points of intervention...
October 28, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788441/early-testing-of-new-sanitation-technology-for-urban-slums-the-case-of-the-blue-diversion-toilet
#18
Robert Tobias, Mark O'Keefe, Rahel Künzle, Heiko Gebauer, Harald Gründl, Eberhard Morgenroth, Wouter Pronk, Tove A Larsen
The toilets used most in informal urban settlements have detrimental consequences for the environment and human health due to the lack of proper collection and treatment of toilet waste. Concepts for safe, sustainable and affordable sanitation systems exist, but their feasibility and acceptance have to be investigated at an early stage of development, which is difficult due to the high costs of building working models. In this paper, we present an approach to estimate acceptance in a valid and representative form with only one working model, and apply it to test an innovative zero-emission toilet with recycling of wash water...
January 15, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788377/individual-and-contextual-characteristics-of-indoor-and-outdoor-falls-in-older-residents-of-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-brazil
#19
Carla Ferreira do Nascimento, Yeda Aparecida Oliveira Duarte, Maria Lúcia Lebrão, Alexandre Dias Porto Chiavegatto Filho
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: To analyze a representative sample of older individuals of São Paulo, Brazil, according to outdoor fallers, indoor fallers and non-fallers, and to identify biological and socioeconomic (individual and contextual) factors associated with the occurrence and place of falls. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted using data (n = 1345) from the 2010 wave of the Health, Wellbeing and Aging (SABE) Study, a representative sample of older residents (60 years and older) of São Paulo, Brazil...
January 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784996/effectiveness-of-the-health-complex-model-in-iranian-primary-health-care-reform-the-study-protocol
#20
Jafar Sadegh Tabrizi, Mostafa Farahbakhsh, Homayoun Sadeghi-Bazargani, Roya Hassanzadeh, Akram Zakeri, Leili Abedi
BACKGROUND: Iranian traditional primary health care (PHC) system, although proven to be successful in some areas in rural populations, suffers major pitfalls in providing PHC services in urban areas especially the slum urban areas. The new government of Iran announced a health reform movement including the health reform in PHC system of Iran. The Health Complex Model (HCM) was chosen as the preferred health reform model for this purpose. METHODS: This paper aims to report a detailed research protocol for the assessment of the effectiveness of the HCM in Iran...
2016: Patient Preference and Adherence
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