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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444674/the-gendered-experience-with-respect-to-health-seeking-behaviour-in-an-urban-slum-of-kolkata-india
#1
Moumita Das, Federica Angeli, Anja J S M Krumeich, Onno C P van Schayck
BACKGROUND: Empirical evidence shows that the relationship between health-seeking behaviour and diverse gender elements, such as gendered social status, social control, ideology, gender process, marital status and procreative status, changes across settings. Given the high relevance of social settings, this paper intends to explore how gender elements interact with health-seeking practices among men and women residing in an Indian urban slum, in consideration of the unique socio-cultural context that characterises India's slums...
February 14, 2018: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29419791/unintentional-childhood-injuries-in-urban-and-rural-ujjain-india-a-community-based-survey
#2
Aditya Mathur, Love Mehra, Vishal Diwan, Ashish Pathak
Injuries are a major global public health problem. There are very few community-based studies on childhood injury from India. The objective of this cross-sectional, community-based survey was to identify the incidence, type, and risk factors of unintentional childhood injuries. The study was done in seven villages and ten contiguous urban slums in Ujjain, India. World Health Organization (WHO) tested tools and definitions were used for the survey, which included 2518 households having 6308 children up to 18 years of age, with 2907 children from urban households and 3401 from rural households...
February 8, 2018: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415040/the-role-of-family-size-employment-and-education-of-parents-in-the-prevalence-of-intestinal-parasitic-infections-in-school-children-in-accra
#3
Akua Obeng Forson, Isaac Arthur, Patrick F Ayeh-Kumi
INTRODUCTION: Intestinal parasitic infections (IPIs) in school children are a public health problem in most developing countries. METHODS AND PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: A cross sectional survey was conducted from May to July 2016 with school children living in overcrowded urban slums in Accra, Ghana. A simple random sample of 300 children aged 2-9 years was collected. The study used structured pre-tested questionnaire and stool tests to obtain information on epidemiological, sanitation habits, employment and education status of parents and children...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29408453/a-randomized-control-trial-to-establish-the-feasibility-and-safety-of-rapamycin-treatment-in-an-older-human-cohort-immunological-physical-performance-and-cognitive-effects
#4
Ellen Kraig, Leslie A Linehan, Hanyu Liang, Terry Q Romo, Qianqian Liu, Yubo Wu, Adriana D Benavides, Tyler J Curiel, Martin A Javors, Nicolas Musi, Laura Chiodo, Wouter Koek, Jonathan A L Gelfond, Dean L Kellogg
Inhibition of the mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway by rapamycin (RAPA), an FDA-approved immunosuppressive drug used as a clinical therapy to prevent solid organ allograft rejection, enhances longevity in mice. Importantly, RAPA was efficacious even when initiated in relatively old animals, suggesting that mTOR inhibition could potentially slow the progression of aging-associated pathologies in older humans (Harrison et al., 2009; Miller et al., 2011). However, the safety and tolerability of RAPA in older human subjects have not yet been demonstrated...
February 3, 2018: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402106/creating-a-sustainable-participatory-palliative-care-programme-in-an-urban-slum-in-dhaka-bangladesh
#5
Nezamuddin Ahmad
The Centre for Palliative Care, based at the only medical university [Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU)] in Dhaka, Bangladesh, in collaboration with Worldwide Hospice Palliative Care Alliance, piloted a one-year project focussed on improving the quality of life of 100 older people and their families in two slum settings in Dhaka. This project was developed following the identification of significant palliative care needs of older people in the slum settings. In addition, the project was formed in response to the absence of programmes delivering palliative care to the poorest and most marginalised in poor urban settings, in a sustainable manner within the context of the low development of palliative care and the human and financial resource limitations in Bangladesh...
January 2018: Annals of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29358419/disparities-in-spread-and-control-of-influenza-in-slums-of-delhi-findings-from-an-agent-based-modelling-study
#6
Abhijin Adiga, Shuyu Chu, Stephen Eubank, Christopher J Kuhlman, Bryan Lewis, Achla Marathe, Madhav Marathe, Eric K Nordberg, Samarth Swarup, Anil Vullikanti, Mandy L Wilson
OBJECTIVES: This research studies the role of slums in the spread and control of infectious diseases in the National Capital Territory of India, Delhi, using detailed social contact networks of its residents. METHODS: We use an agent-based model to study the spread of influenza in Delhi through person-to-person contact. Two different networks are used: one in which slum and non-slum regions are treated the same, and the other in which 298 slum zones are identified...
January 21, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355149/prevalence-of-vibrio-cholerae-o1-serogroup-in-assam-india-a-hospital-based-study
#7
Ajanta Sharma, Bornali Sarmah Dutta, Elmy Samsun Rasul, Dipa Barkataki, Anjanamoyee Saikia, Naba Kumar Hazarika
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Although cholera remains to be an important public health problem, studies on reliable population-based estimates of laboratory confirmed cholera in endemic areas are limited worldwide. The aim of this hospital-based study was to evaluate the prevalence of Vibrio cholerae serogroup in Assam, India, during 2003-2013. METHODS: Stool samples/rectal swabs were collected from acute watery diarrhoea (AWD) cases during 2003-2013 and processed by standard microbiological procedures...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351299/what-influences-where-they-seek-care-caregivers-preferences-for-under-five-child-healthcare-services-in-urban-slums-of-malawi-a-discrete-choice-experiment
#8
Edgar Arnold Lungu, Amarech Guda Obse, Catherine Darker, Regien Biesma
Access to and utilisation of quality healthcare promotes positive child health outcomes. However, to be optimally utilised, the healthcare system needs to be responsive to the expectations of the population it serves. Health systems in many sub-Saharan African countries, including Malawi, have historically focused on promoting access to health services by the rural poor. However, in the context of increasing urbanisation and consequent proliferation of urban slums, promoting health of children under five years of age in these settings is a public health imperative...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338708/patterns-of-illness-disclosure-among-indian-slum-dwellers-a-qualitative-study
#9
Moumita Das, Federica Angeli, Anja J S M Krumeich, Onno C P van Schayck
BACKGROUND: Slum dwellers display specific traits when it comes to disclosing their illnesses to professionals. The resulting actions lead to poor health-seeking behaviour and underutilisation of existing formal health facilities. The ways that slum people use to communicate their feelings about illness, the type of confidants that they choose, and the supportive and unsupportive social and cultural interactions to which they are exposed have not yet been studied in the Indian context, which constitutes an important knowledge gap for Indian policymakers and practitioners alike...
January 16, 2018: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332302/preoperative-cognitive-impairment-as-a-predictor-of-postoperative-outcomes-in-a-collaborative-care-model
#10
Kahli Zietlow, Shelley R McDonald, Richard Sloane, Jeffrey Browndyke, Sandhya Lagoo-Deenadayalan, Mitchell T Heflin
OBJECTIVES: To compare postoperative outcomes of individuals with and without cognitive impairment enrolled in the Perioperative Optimization of Senior Health (POSH) program at Duke University, a comanagement model involving surgery, anesthesia, and geriatrics. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of individuals enrolled in a quality improvement program. SETTING: Tertiary academic center. PARTICIPANTS: Older adults undergoing surgery and referred to POSH (N = 157)...
January 13, 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323822/hand-hygiene-among-health-care-workers-is-educating-patients-and-families-a-feasible-way-to-increase-rates
#11
Marvin J Bittner, Jared M Routh, Matthew D Folchert, Nicholas E Woessner, Sean J Kennedy, Chase C Parks
BACKGROUND: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has recommended teaching patients to remind health care workers to disinfect their hands. However, cognitive impairment among patients may hamper such efforts. METHODS: The St. Louis University Mental Status (SLUMS) Examination was administered to randomly selected inpatients at the Omaha VA Medical Center in Omaha, Nebraska. We asked patients and their families about attitudes toward reminding health care workers to disinfect their hands: willingness, feeling comfortable, and feeling responsible...
June 2017: WMJ: Official Publication of the State Medical Society of Wisconsin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317065/nature-exposure-sufficiency-and-insufficiency-the-benefits-of-environmental-preservation
#12
John R Reddon, Salvatore B Durante
Increasing industrialization, urbanization, and a failure of many world leaders to appreciate the consequences of climate change are deleteriously impacting quality of life as well as diminishing the prospects for long term survival. Economic competitiveness and corporate profitability often pre-empt environmental concerns. The calving of an iceberg in Antarctica and the hurricane activity in the Caribbean during 2017 are unfortunate illustrations of the continuing escalation of environmental issues. We provide historical and current evidence for the importance of Nature Exposure (NE) and introduce the continuum Nature Exposure Sufficiency (NES) and Insufficiency (NEI)...
January 2018: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302556/process-evaluation-of-child-health-services-at-outreach-sites-during-health-and-nutrition-day-mamta-day-in-urban-slums-of-western-india
#13
Kedar Mehta, Chandresh Pandya, Paragkumar Chavda, Dipak Solanki
Introduction: Health indicators of rural and urban India show a wide variation. Rural areas have received large focus in child health services, but on the flip side, urban areas have been the last to receive such attention. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted to include one randomly selected outreach session from all the 19 urban primary health centers of Vadodara city from April 2013 to May 2014. Nineteen session sites were observed for the process evaluation of three components of child health care, namely, "planning of Health and Nutrition Day," "availability of vaccines/logistics," and "direct observation of actual immunization process" at the site using a structured checklist...
April 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302545/morbidity-pattern-and-health-seeking-behavior-of-elderly-in-urban-slums-a-cross-sectional-study-in-assam-india
#14
Kabita Barua, Madhur Borah, Chandana Deka, Rana Kakati
Background: Elderly population in India is increasing fast which indicates a growing share of population with more special needs for health and support. Understanding the morbidities and health-seeking behavior of elderly is essential for strengthening geriatric health-care services delivery. Objectives: The objective of this study was to study the morbidity profile of elderly in urban slum areas and assess their health-seeking behavior. Methodology: A cross-sectional study was conducted in urban slums of Jorhat district of Assam, among 125 elderly selected by simple random sampling...
April 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302543/level-of-tobacco-dependence-among-tobacco-users-in-an-urban-slum-of-puducherry-a-pilot-study
#15
Bijaya Nanda Naik, Marie Gilbert Majella, S Parthibane, Sitanshu Sekhar Kar
Context: Successful tobacco quit by the tobacco users can avoid millions of premature death. However, the physical dependence on tobacco use results in frequent relapse most commonly due to withdrawal symptoms. Aims: The aim of this study was to study the level of tobacco dependence among tobacco users in an urban slum of Puducherry. Materials and Methods: This facility-based descriptive pilot study was conducted among patients aged 15 years or above attending an urban health and training center in an urban slum of Puducherry...
April 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302529/maternal-health-care-seeking-behavior-in-north-india
#16
Anjali Jain, Sujan Singh, Alpana Choudhary, Ashish Jain, Alok Chouudhary
Introduction: Pregnancy and labour, if not kept under constant vigil, can end in serious complications or even death at any moment. The aim of the study was done to know the practices of community regarding maternity care during pregnancy, delivery and postnatal period. Methods: A cross-sectional, community based study was conducted on 120 rural, 120 urban elite and 120 urban slum areas mothers, who delivered within last three months. Results: One-fourth mothers in rural area faced one or the other problem during antenatal period while in urban slum and urban elite only 15% and 9...
April 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302520/care-seeking-for-childhood-pneumonia-by-rural-and-poor-urban-communities-in-lucknow-a-community-based-cross-sectional-study
#17
Anurag Minz, Monika Agarwal, J V Singh, V K Singh
Context: Globally, around 16% of under-five children die due to pneumonia. Childhood pneumonia, if identified early is a readily treatable through low-cost antibiotics. Access to timely and appropriate care is a key action to control pneumonia. Aims: The aim of the study was to understand the caregiver's care-seeking behavior for the management of childhood pneumonia among rural and urban poor communities in Lucknow. Settings and Design: Rural areas and urban slums of Lucknow district, from September 2014 to August 2015...
April 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302162/securing-a-right-to-health-integration-villages-and-medical-citizenship-of-roma-people-in-france
#18
Daniel Manson
A national deportation campaign targeting Romanian Roma in France has recently drawn international criticism from human rights organizations and the European Union. In this context, some French municipalities have created villages d'insertion-integration villages-for some of their Roma residents. Proponents of these spaces have declared that they are humanitarian solutions to the existence of Roma slums in the urban peripheries of many French cities. Yet the creation of a "healthy space" for Roma migrants in the city has also legitimated the further eviction and exclusion of people from "unhealthy slums...
December 2017: Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284477/disparities-in-the-use-of-mobile-phone-for-seeking-childbirth-services-among-women-in-the-urban-areas-bangladesh-urban-health-survey
#19
Ghose Bishwajit, Md Rakibul Hoque, Sanni Yaya
BACKGROUND: In Bangladesh, similar to its other South Asian counterparts, shortage of health workers along with inadequate infrastructure constitute some of the major obstacles for the equitable provision of reproductive healthcare services, particularly among the marginalized and underserved neighbourhoods. However, given the rapidly expanding broadband communication and mobile phone market in the country, the application of eHealth and mHealth technologies offer a window of opportunities to minimise the impact of socioeconomic barriers and promote the utilization of maternal healthcare services thereby...
December 29, 2017: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258549/effectiveness-of-home-based-nutritional-counselling-and-support-on-exclusive-breastfeeding-in-urban-poor-settings-in-nairobi-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Elizabeth W Kimani-Murage, Paula L Griffiths, Frederick Murunga Wekesah, Milka Wanjohi, Nelson Muhia, Peter Muriuki, Thaddaeus Egondi, Catherine Kyobutungi, Alex C Ezeh, Stephen T McGarvey, Rachel N Musoke, Shane A Norris, Nyovani J Madise
BACKGROUND: Exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) improves infant health and survival. We tested the effectiveness of a home-based intervention using Community Health Workers (CHWs) on EBF for six months in urban poor settings in Kenya. METHODS: We conducted a cluster-randomized controlled trial in Korogocho and Viwandani slums in Nairobi. We recruited pregnant women and followed them until the infant's first birthday. Fourteen community clusters were randomized to intervention or control arm...
December 19, 2017: Globalization and Health
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