keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Artificial ventilation

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791518/multi-operational-selective-computer-assisted-targeting-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-evaluation-of-a-novel-approach-for-navigated-tumor-ablation
#1
Pascale Tinguely, Marius Schwalbe, Torsten Fuss, Dominik P Guensch, Andreas Kohler, Iris Baumgartner, Stefan Weber, Daniel Candinas
OBJECTIVE: To facilitate precise local ablation of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in a setting of combined ablation and transarterial chemoembolization (TACE), we evaluated accuracy and efficiency of a novel technique for navigated positioning of ablation probes using intrahepatic tumor referencing and electromagnetic (EM) guidance, in a porcine model. METHODS: An angiographic wire with integrated EM reference sensor at its tip was inserted via a transarterial femoral access and positioned in the vicinity of artificial liver tumors...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775848/long-term-outcome-in-children-with-neonatal-seizures-a-tertiary-center-experience-in-cohort-of-168-patients
#2
Biljana Vucetic Tadic, Ruzica Kravljanac, Vlada Sretenovic, Vladislav Vukomanovic
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate long-term outcome and assess predictors of prognosis in children with neonatal seizures (NS). METHOD: This retrospective study includes children with NS treated at our Institute from January the 1st 2005 until December the 31st 2015. The data were collected from medical charts and the electroencephalogram (EEG) database at the Institute. The predictive value was evaluated for following parameters: (1) characteristics of the patients, such as gender, gestational age, birth body weight, Apgar score, artificial ventilation; (2) etiology; (3) characteristics of seizures such as type, time of onset, resistance to treatment; and (4) EEG background activity and paroxysmal discharges...
May 15, 2018: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746721/melatonin-for-the-promotion-of-sleep-in-adults-in-the-intensive-care-unit
#3
REVIEW
Sharon R Lewis, Michael W Pritchard, Oliver J Schofield-Robinson, Phil Alderson, Andrew F Smith
BACKGROUND: Patients in the intensive care unit (ICU) experience sleep deprivation caused by environmental disruption, such as high noise levels and 24-hour lighting, as well as increased patient care activities and invasive monitoring as part of their care. Sleep deprivation affects physical and psychological health, and patients perceive the quality of their sleep to be poor whilst in the ICU. Artificial lighting during night-time hours in the ICU may contribute to reduced production of melatonin in critically ill patients...
May 10, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742220/humidification-and-heating-of-inhaled-gas-in-patients-with-artificial-airway-a-narrative-review
#4
Gustavo Adrián Plotnikow, Matias Accoce, Emiliano Navarro, Norberto Tiribelli
Instrumentation of the airways in critical patients (endotracheal tube or tracheostomy cannula) prevents them from performing their function of humidify and heating the inhaled gas. In addition, the administration of cold and dry medical gases and the high flows that patients experience during invasive and non-invasive mechanical ventilation generate an even worse condition. For this reason, a device for gas conditioning is needed, even in short-term treatments, to avoid potential damage to the structure and function of the respiratory epithelium...
March 2018: Revista Brasileira de Terapia Intensiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739649/desaturation-times-between-dogs-preoxygenated-via-face-mask-or-flow-by-technique-before-induction-of-anesthesia
#5
Barbara Ambros, Maria Valentina Carrozzo, Teela Jones
OBJECTIVE: To compare time to desaturation after induction of anesthesia following administration of oxygen via face mask or flow-by for 3 minutes. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized crossover study. ANIMALS: A group of six healthy adult dogs weighing 15.0 ± 3.4 kg. METHODS: Dogs were anesthetized twice separated by 14 days. Intramuscular administration of dexmedetomidine (4 μg kg-1 ), acepromazine (0.01 mg kg-1 ) and butorphanol (0...
April 10, 2018: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732176/oxygenator-performance-and-artificial-native-lung-interaction
#6
REVIEW
Francesco Epis, Mirko Belliato
During extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO), oxygen (O2 ) transfer (V'O2 ) and carbon dioxide (CO2 ) removal (V'CO2 ) are partitioned between the native lung (NL) and the membrane lung (ML), related to the patient's metabolic-hemodynamic pattern. The ML could be assimilated to a NL both in a physiological and a pathological way. ML O2 transfer (V'O2 ML) is proportional to extracorporeal blood flow and the difference in O2 content between each ML side, while ML CO2 removal (V'CO2 ML) can be calculated from ML gas flow and CO2 concentration at sweep gas outlet...
March 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725275/td-gc-ms-analysis-of-volatile-markers-emitted-from-mono-and-co-cultures-of-enterobacter-cloacae-and-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-in-artificial-sputum
#7
Oluwasola Lawal, Hugo Knobel, Hans Weda, Tamara M E Nijsen, Royston Goodacre, Stephen J Fowler
Introduction: Infections such as ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) can be caused by one or more pathogens. Current methods for identifying these pathogenic microbes often require invasive sampling, and can be time consuming, due to the requirement for prolonged cultural enrichment along with selective and differential plating steps. This results in delays in diagnosis which in such critically ill patients can have potentially life-threatening consequences. Therefore, a non-invasive and timely diagnostic method is required...
2018: Metabolomics: Official Journal of the Metabolomic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29712611/the-development-of-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation
#8
Don K Nakayama
Evolving from the development of heart-lung machines for open-heart surgery, extracorporeal membrane oxygenation has reemerged as a rescue modality for patients with acute respiratory failure that cannot be supported by conventional modes of ventilation. The history of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation begins with the discovery of heparin, fundamental to the success of extracorporeal circulation and membrane lungs. Engineers and scientists created suitable artificial membranes that allowed gas exchange while keeping gas and blood phases separate...
April 1, 2018: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707346/a-comparison-between-two-lung-ventilation-with-co-2-artificial-pneumothorax-and-one-lung-ventilation-during-thoracic-phase-of-minimally-invasive-esophagectomy
#9
Miao Lin, Yaxing Shen, Hao Wang, Yong Fang, Cheng Qian, Songtao Xu, Di Ge, Mingxiang Feng, Lijie Tan, Qun Wang
Background: To investigate the feasibility and safety of two lung ventilation with artificial pneumothorax in minimally invasive esophagectomy (MIE) through a comparison with conventional one lung ventilation. Methods: Eleven hundred and sixty-six patients with esophageal cancer, who underwent McKeown MIE in our center from February 2006 to December 2016, were studied retrospectively. Seven hundred and five patients who underwent one lung ventilation with double lumen endotracheal tube (DLET) were assigned to DLET group...
March 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699897/development-of-regional-extracorporeal-life-support-system-the-importance-of-innovative-simulation-training
#10
Mateusz Puślecki, Marcin Ligowski, Marek Dąbrowski, Sebastian Stefaniak, Małgorzata Ładzińska, Aleksander Pawlak, Marcin Zieliński, Łukasz Szarpak, Bartłomiej Perek, Marek Jemielity
BACKGROUND: Despite advances in mechanical ventilation, severe acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is associated with high morbidity and mortality rates ranging from 30% to 60%. Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation (ECMO) can be used as a "bridge to recovery". ECMO is a complex network that provides oxygenation and ventilation and allows the lungs to rest and recover from respiratory failure, while minimizing iatrogenic ventilator-induced lung injury. In the critical care settings, ECMO is shown to improve survival rates and outcomes in patients with severe ARDS...
April 18, 2018: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689088/electrocardiogram-synchronized-pulsatile-extracorporeal-life-support-preserves-left-ventricular-function-and-coronary-flow-in-a-porcine-model-of-cardiogenic-shock
#11
Petr Ostadal, Mikulas Mlcek, Holger Gorhan, Ivo Simundic, Svitlana Strunina, Matej Hrachovina, Andreas Krüger, Dagmar Vondrakova, Marek Janotka, Pavel Hala, Martin Mates, Martin Ostadal, James C Leiter, Otomar Kittnar, Petr Neuzil
INTRODUCTION: Veno-arterial extracorporeal life support (ECLS) is increasingly being used to treat rapidly progressing or severe cardiogenic shock. However, it has been repeatedly shown that increased afterload associated with ECLS significantly diminishes left ventricular (LV) performance. The objective of the present study was to compare LV function and coronary flow during standard continuous-flow ECLS support and electrocardiogram (ECG)-synchronized pulsatile ECLS flow in a porcine model of cardiogenic shock...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677974/enhancing-safety-of-artificially-ventilated-patients-using-ambient-process-analysis
#12
Christian Lins, Alexander Gerka, Christian Lüpkes, Rainer Röhrig, Andreas Hein
In this paper, we present an approach for enhancing the safety of artificially ventilated patients using ambient process analysis. We propose to use an analysis system consisting of low-cost ambient sensors such as power sensor, RGB-D sensor, passage detector, and matrix infrared temperature sensor to reduce risks for artificially ventilated patients in both home and clinical environments. We describe the system concept and our implementation and show how the system can contribute to patient safety.
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667359/predicting-responses-to-mechanical-ventilation-for-preterm-infants-with-acute-respiratory-illness-using-artificial-neural-networks
#13
Katharine Brigham, Samir Gupta, John C Brigham
Infants born prematurely are particularly susceptible to respiratory illness due to underdeveloped lungs, which can often result in fatality. Preterm infants in acute stages of respiratory illness typically require mechanical ventilation assistance, and the efficacy of the type of mechanical ventilation and its delivery has been the subject of a number clinical studies. With recent advances in machine learning approaches, particularly deep learning, it may be possible to estimate future responses to mechanical ventilation in real-time, based on ventilation monitoring up to the point of analysis...
April 17, 2018: International Journal for Numerical Methods in Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658860/pressure-support-breaths-triggered-by-total-artificial-heart-in-invasive-and-non-invasive-mechanical-ventilation
#14
Amit Prasad, Kai Singbartl, Behzad Soleimani, Christoph Brehm, Ali Ghodsizad
Because of the risks associated with extended mechanical ventilation, it is desirable to extubate patients as early as possible. However, weaning patients from mechanical ventilation too early has risks associated with it as well. Thus, it is important to note that in the two cases presented here, pressure-supported breaths were falsely triggered by a patient's a Syncardia® total artificial heart (TAH), influencing decisions about weaning the patient from mechanical ventilation.
March 2, 2018: Heart Surgery Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652317/-video-assisted-thoracoscopic-thymectomy-in-myasthenia-gravis-new-approach
#15
V A Porkhanov, V A Zhikharev, I S Polyakov, V V Danilov, V B Kononenko
AIM: To present possibility and technical aspects of anesthetic management during video-assisted thoracoscopic thymectomy in patients with myasthenia gravis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The article describes the proposed modified anesthetic method that is suitable for video-assisted thoracoscopic thymectomy in patients with myasthenia gravis. Nine patients with myasthenia underwent VATS-thymectomy. Anesthesia was performed with artificial airway and auxiliary ventilation without muscle relaxants administration...
2018: Khirurgiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643543/-airway-foreign-body-caused-by-aspiration-of-artificial-nasal-sponge-a-case-report
#16
T X Fu, X Wang, M L Liu
57-year-old male was admitted to hospital for severe headache and seizure attacks on November 6th, 2016. After radiology and spinal fluid examination, he was diagnosed with viral encephalitis and treated with antiviral medicine, antibiotics and mannitol, but he was in sustained unconsciousness and weak in expectorating. The patient was given oxygen through artificial nasal after bedside tracheotomy. At 1:00 am on January 12th, 2016, there was a sudden drop in blood pressure, heart rate and oxygen saturation with left lung breath sounds slightly lower than the other side...
April 18, 2018: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605267/effects-of-an-artificial-placenta-on-brain-development-and-injury-in-premature-lambs
#17
Joseph T Church, Nicole L Werner, Meghan A Coughlin, Julia Menzel-Smith, Mary Najjar, Benjamin D Carr, Hemant Parmar, Jeff Neil, Dimitrios Alexopoulos, Carlos Perez-Torres, Xia Ge, Scott C Beeman, Joel R Garbow, George B Mychaliska
PURPOSE: We evaluated whether brain development continues and brain injury is prevented during Artificial Placenta (AP) support utilizing extracorporeal life support (ECLS). METHODS: Lambs at EGA 118days (term=145; n=4) were placed on AP support (venovenous ECLS with jugular drainage and umbilical vein reinfusion) for 7days and sacrificed. Early (EGA 118; n=4) and late (EGA 127; n=4) mechanical ventilation (MV) lambs underwent conventional MV for up to 48h and were sacrificed, and early (n=5) and late (n=5) tissue control (TC) lambs were sacrificed at delivery...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599095/reported-resuscitation-of-a-hypothermic-avalanche-victim-with-assisted-ventilation-in-1939
#18
Ken Zafren, Dale Atkins, Hermann Brugger
We present a historical case of a 12-year-old boy who survived a reported avalanche burial in 1939 in the Upper Peninsula of Michigan. The boy was completely buried for at least 3 hours, head down, at a depth of about 1 m. He was extricated without signs of life and likely hypothermic by his father, who took him to his home. There, the father performed assisted ventilation for 3 hours using the Schäfer method, a historical method of artificial ventilation, without any specific rewarming efforts. The boy recovered neurologically intact...
March 26, 2018: Wilderness & Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29591780/a-comparison-of-the-effects-of-carbon-dioxide-and-medical-air-for-abdominal-insufflation-on-respiratory-parameters-in-xylazine-sedated-sheep-undergoing-laparoscopic-artificial-insemination
#19
J D Haan, B L Hay Kraus, S R Sathe
AIMS: To determine if abdominal insufflation with medical air will improve oxygenation and ventilation parameters when compared to insufflation with CO2 in xylazine-sedated sheep undergoing laparoscopic artificial insemination (AI). METHODS: Forty-seven sheep underwent oestrus synchronisation and were fasted for 24 hours prior to laparoscopic AI. Each animal was randomised to receive either CO2 or medical air for abdominal insufflation. An auricular arterial catheter was placed and utilised for serial blood sampling...
March 28, 2018: New Zealand Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582802/the-surgical-outcome-of-minimally-invasive-pharyngo-laryngo-oesophagectomy-in-prone-position
#20
Mariko Ogino, Yuma Ebihara, Akihiro Homma, Kimitaka Tanaka, Yoshitsugu Nakanishi, Toshimichi Asano, Takehiro Noji, Yo Kurashima, Soichi Murakami, Toru Nakamura, Takahiro Tsuchikawa, Keisuke Okamura, Toshiaki Shichinohe, Satoshi Hirano
PURPOSE: Pharyngo-laryngo-oesophagectomy (PLE) which is mainly indicated for cervical oesophageal cancer or synchronous double cancer of the thoracic oesophagus and the pharynx or larynx, is extremely invasive. Since minimally invasive oesophagectomy (MIE) using video-assisted thoracic surgery has become popular recently, the procedure can be adopted to PLE. Moreover, the use of the prone position (PP) in MIEs has been increasing recently because technical advantages and fewer post-operative complications were reported...
March 23, 2018: Journal of Minimal Access Surgery
keyword
keyword
46889
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"