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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549337/the-relation-of-childhood-trauma-to-suicide-ideation-in-patients-suffering-from-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-with-lifetime-suicide-attempts
#1
Vahid Khosravani, Zoleikha Kamali, Razieh Jamaati Ardakani, Mehdi Samimi Ardestani
The aim of this study was to evaluate the relations of childhood trauma (CT) and obsessive-compulsive (OC) symptom dimensions to suicide ideation in patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Seventy OCD outpatients with lifetime suicide attempts and 60 controls were included. Participants completed the Scale for Suicide Ideation (SSI), the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire-Short Form (CTQ-SF), the Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale (Y-BOCS), the Dimensional Obsessive-Compulsive Scale (DOCS) and the Depression Anxiety Stress Scales (DASS-21)...
May 20, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534243/elevated-prevalence-of-suicide-attempts-among-victims-of-police-violence-in-the-usa
#2
Jordan E DeVylder, Jodi J Frey, Courtney D Cogburn, Holly C Wilcox, Tanya L Sharpe, Hans Y Oh, Boyoung Nam, Bruce G Link
Recent evidence suggests that police victimization is widespread in the USA and psychologically impactful. We hypothesized that civilian-reported police victimization, particularly assaultive victimization (i.e., physical/sexual), would be associated with a greater prevalence of suicide attempts and suicidal ideation. Data were drawn from the Survey of Police-Public Encounters, a population-based survey of adults (N = 1615) residing in four US cities. Surveys assessed lifetime exposure to police victimization based on the World Health Organization domains of violence (i...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513190/prevalence-and-correlates-of-bullying-victimisation-and-perpetration-in-a-nationally-representative-sample-of-australian-youth
#3
Hannah J Thomas, Jason P Connor, David M Lawrence, Jennifer M Hafekost, Stephen R Zubrick, James G Scott
OBJECTIVE: Bullying prevalence studies are limited by varied measurement methods and a lack of representative samples. This study estimated the national prevalence of bullying victimisation, perpetration and combined victim-perpetration experiences in a representative population-based sample of Australian youth. The relationships between the three types of bullying involvement with a range of mental health symptoms and diagnoses were also examined. METHODS: A randomly selected nationally representative sample aged 11-17 years ( N = 2967, Mage = 14...
May 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444481/peer-victimization-and-suicidal-thoughts-and-behaviors-in-depressed-adolescents
#4
Jeremy G Stewart, Linda Valeri, Erika C Esposito, Randy P Auerbach
Suicide is a leading cause of death among youth worldwide, and depressed adolescents are at a significantly elevated risk to report suicidal ideation, planning, and attempts. Peer victimization is a robust predictor of adolescent suicidal thoughts and behaviors (STBs), but little research has focused on why bullying leads to suicidal thoughts and behaviors. To address this empirical gap, we recruited 340 (246 female) depressed adolescents ages 13-19 (M = 15.59, SD = 1.41) within 48 h of admission for acute psychiatric treatment...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431270/clinicians-conflicting-emotional-responses-to-high-suicide-risk-patients-association-with-short-term-suicide-behaviors-a-prospective-pilot-study
#5
Zimri S Yaseen, Igor I Galynker, Lisa J Cohen, Jessica Briggs
BACKGROUND: Clinician's emotional responses to patients have been recognized as potentially relating to treatment outcome, however they have received little attention in the literature on suicide risk. We examine the relationship between a novel targeted measure of clinicians' emotional responses to high-risk psychiatric inpatients and their short-term post-discharge suicide behavior. METHODS: First-year psychiatry residents' emotional responses to their patients were assessed anonymously with the novel self-report 'Therapist Response Questionnaire-Suicide Form' (TRQ-SF)...
April 6, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410567/farm-suicides-in-new-zealand-2007-2015-a-review-of-coroners-records
#6
Annette L Beautrais
OBJECTIVE: Economic recessions and severe weather events are often associated with increased suicide rates. The Global Dairy Crisis 2015/2016 led to an economic downturn in the New Zealand dairy farming industry and, coupled with droughts in some regions and floods in others, raised fears about increased suicide rates among farmers. However, little was known about suicides in the farming sector. This study reviews characteristics of recent farm-related suicides in New Zealand and assesses the extent to which financial stresses contributed to the deaths...
April 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395207/brief-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-insomnia-delivered-to-depressed-veterans-receiving-primary-care-services-a-pilot-study
#7
Wilfred R Pigeon, Jennifer Funderburk, Todd M Bishop, Hugh F Crean
BACKGROUND: Depression and insomnia are treatable, often co-occur and are common among primary care patients. Treatments designed for primary care must be brief, effective and ideally have the potential to address multiple symptoms. A brief form of cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-I) was piloted among depressed primary care patients with insomnia some of whom endorsed suicidal ideation. METHODS: Veterans Affairs primary care patients were randomized to either CBT-I or sleep hygiene...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368171/minnesota-multiphasic-personality-inventory-2-restructured-form-markers-of-future-suicidal-behavior-in-a-forensic-psychiatric-hospital
#8
Anthony M Tarescavage, David M Glassmire, Danielle Burchett
Past research indicates a need to integrate objective psychological testing with clinical interview data during suicide risk assessment. The current study evaluated the utility of the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI)-2 Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF) in the prediction of future suicidal behaviors in a sample of 1,110 forensic inpatients (807 males, 303 females). Results indicated that scales from all substantive domains of the MMPI-2-RF were significantly positively associated with future suicidal behaviors...
April 3, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351292/youth-self-harm-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-systematic-review-of-the-risk-and-protective-factors
#9
Shilpa Aggarwal, George Patton, Nicola Reavley, Shreenivas A Sreenivasan, Michael Berk
BACKGROUND: Self-harm (defined here as an act of intentionally causing harm to own self, irrespective of the type, motive or suicidal intent) is one of the strongest antecedents of suicide in youth. While there have been a number of studies of youth self-harm in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), there is currently no systematic review of studies of prevalence rates and risk and protective factors. AIM: To systematically review the evidence relating to the prevalence rates and forms of self-harm in youth in LMICs and its relationship to family economic status, family functioning, relationship with the peer group, social relationships and academic performance...
March 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292658/non-violent-and-violent-forms-of-childhood-abuse-in-the-prediction-of-suicide-attempts-direct-or-indirect-effects-through-psychiatric-disorders
#10
Natalie J Sachs-Ericsson, Ian H Stanley, Julia L Sheffler, Edward Selby, Thomas E Joiner
BACKGROUND: Childhood abuse is linked to suicide. Potential pathways include the increased risk for the development of psychiatric disorders and the contribution of abuse to suicide capability. The current study compared the effects of childhood non-violent and violent abuse in the prediction of suicide attempts, and examined the potential mediated effects of psychiatric disorders. METHODS: Data from the National Comorbidity Surveys were obtained. At baseline, assessments of childhood non-violent abuse (e...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161034/impact-of-social-determinants-of-health-on-medical-conditions-among-transgender-veterans
#11
John R Blosnich, Mary C Marsiglio, Melissa E Dichter, Shasha Gao, Adam J Gordon, Jillian C Shipherd, Michael R Kauth, George R Brown, Michael J Fine
INTRODUCTION: Transgender individuals experience pronounced disparities in health (e.g., mood disorders, suicide risk) and in the prevalence of social determinants of housing instability, financial strain, and violence. The objectives of this study were to understand the prevalence of social determinants among transgender veterans and assess their associations with medical conditions. METHODS: This project was a records review using administrative data from the U...
February 1, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104059/suicide-risk-in-the-hospitalized-elderly-in-turkey-and-affecting-factors
#12
Dilek Avci, Kevser Tari Selcuk, Selma Dogan
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the suicide risk among the elderly hospitalized and treated because of physical illnesses, and the factors affecting the risk. METHODS: The study has a cross-sectional design. It was conducted with 459 elderly people hospitalized and treated in a public hospital between May 25, 2015 and December 4, 2015. Data were collected with the Personal Information Form, Suicide Probability Scale and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale...
February 2017: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065894/socio-neuro-risk-factors-for-suicidal-behavior-in-criminal-offenders-with-psychotic-disorders
#13
Carla L Harenski, Michael Brook, David S Kosson, Juan R Bustillo, Keith A Harenski, Michael F Caldwell, Gregory J Van Rybroek, Michael Koenigs, Jean Decety, David M Thornton, Vince D Calhoun, Kent A Kiehl
Relative to the general population, individuals with psychotic disorders have a higher risk of suicide. Suicide risk is also elevated in criminal offenders. Thus, psychotic-disordered individuals with antisocial tendencies may form an especially high-risk group. We built upon prior risk analyses by examining whether neurobehavioral correlates of social cognition were associated with suicidal behavior in criminal offenders with psychotic disorders. We assessed empathic accuracy and brain structure in four groups: (i) incarcerated offenders with psychotic disorders and past suicide attempts, (ii) incarcerated offenders with psychotic disorders and no suicide attempts, (iii) incarcerated offenders without psychotic disorders and (iv) community non-offenders without psychotic disorders...
January 1, 2017: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956832/assessment-of-suicidality-in-children-and-adolescents-with-diagnosis-of-high-functioning-autism-spectrum-disorder-in-a-turkish-clinical-sample
#14
Sevcan Karakoç Demirkaya, Mustafa Deniz Tutkunkardaş, Nahit Motavalli Mukaddes
OBJECTIVES: Considering that suicide is one of the most common reasons of adolescent death worldwide, there is a lack of clinical awareness on suicidal behaviors of children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The present study aims to assess the rate of suicidality (suicidal ideation, behaviors and attempts) and associated risk factors for suicidality in high functioning ASD. METHODS: Medical records of 55 adolescents (six girls, 49 boys), aged between 7-20 years, with diagnosis of ASD were reviewed...
2016: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919307/patterns-and-correlates-of-major-depression-in-chinese-adults-a-cross-sectional-study-of-0-5-million-men-and-women
#15
Y Chen, D Bennett, R Clarke, Y Guo, C Yu, Z Bian, L Ma, Y Huang, Q Sun, N Zhang, X Zheng, J Chen, R Peto, K S Kendler, L Li, Z Chen
BACKGROUND: Worldwide 350 million people suffer from major depression, with the majority of cases occurring in low- and middle-income countries. We examined the patterns, correlates and care-seeking behaviour of adults suffering from major depressive episode (MDE) in China. METHOD: A nationwide study recruited 512 891 adults aged 30-79 years from 10 provinces across China during 2004-2008. The 12-month prevalence of MDE was assessed by the Modified Composite International Diagnostic Interview-short form...
April 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894372/affective-lability-mediates-the-association-between-childhood-trauma-and-suicide-attempts-mixed-episodes-and-co-morbid-anxiety-disorders-in-bipolar-disorders
#16
M Aas, C Henry, F Bellivier, M Lajnef, S Gard, J-P Kahn, T V Lagerberg, S R Aminoff, T Bjella, M Leboyer, O A Andreassen, I Melle, B Etain
BACKGROUND: Many studies have shown associations between a history of childhood trauma and more severe or complex clinical features of bipolar disorders (BD), including suicide attempts and earlier illness onset. However, the psychopathological mechanisms underlying these associations are still unknown. Here, we investigated whether affective lability mediates the relationship between childhood trauma and the severe clinical features of BD. METHOD: A total of 342 participants with BD were recruited from France and Norway...
November 29, 2016: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863316/is-the-war-really-over-a-20-year-longitudinal-study-on-trajectories-of-suicidal-ideation-and-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-following-combat
#17
Avigal Snir, Yossi Levi-Belz, Zahava Solomon
Combat stress reaction (CSR) has widespread long-term consequences, including profound psychopathology in the form of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Studies have established the link between combat, PTSD, and suicidality. However, little is known about the temporal course of suicidal ideation (SI) in general, specifically among war veterans. We aimed to trace the trajectories of SI in the aftermath of war and to explore the role of CSR and PTSD in SI trajectories. Israeli veterans with CSR (n=164) and a matched control group (NCSR, n=111) were assessed, using self-report measures at three points over the course of 20 years...
January 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766114/poly-victimisation-and-health-risk-behaviours-symptoms-of-mental-health-problems-and-suicidal-thoughts-and-plans-among-adolescents-in-vietnam
#18
Minh T H Le, Sara Holton, Huong T Nguyen, Rory Wolfe, Jane Fisher
BACKGROUND: Limited evidence is available about poly-victimisation (exposure to multiple forms of victimisation) and mental health among adolescents in low and lower-middle-income countries. The aim of this study was to examine the associations between lifetime exposure to poly-victimisation, health risk behaviours, symptoms of common mental health problems and suicidal ideas in the previous year among high school students in Vietnam. METHODS: Participants were high school students in rural and urban districts of Hanoi, Vietnam...
2016: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27763839/individual-and-community-level-determinants-of-inuit-youth-mental-wellness
#19
Andrew Paul Gray, Faisca Richer, Sam Harper
OBJECTIVES: Following the onset of intensive colonial intervention and rapid social change in the lives of Inuit people, youth in Nunavik have experienced high rates of mental health problems and suicide. Inuit people describe a broad range of contextual influences on mental wellness based on lived experience, but most epidemiological studies have focused on individual risk factors and pathologies. This study aimed to assess the influence of multiple determinants of mental wellness among Inuit youth in Nunavik, including culturally meaningful activities, housing and community social characteristics...
October 20, 2016: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27669361/examination-of-mmpi-2-rf-substantive-scales-as-indicators-of-acute-suicidal-affective-disturbance-components
#20
Megan L Rogers, Joye C Anestis, Tiffany M Harrop, Matthew Schneider, Theodore W Bender, Fallon B Ringer, Thomas E Joiner
A new suicide-specific diagnostic entity, acute suicidal affective disturbance (ASAD), was recently proposed to fill a void in the nomenclature. Although several studies have examined the reliability, validity, and potential clinical utility of ASAD, no studies have examined personality indicators of ASAD. This study sought to examine the association between personality and psychopathology factors, as assessed by the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2-Revised Form (MMPI-2-RF), and constructs that comprise ASAD in a sample of 554 psychiatric outpatients who completed all measures prior to their intake appointments...
September 26, 2016: Journal of Personality Assessment
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