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Suicide risk assessment form

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729287/which-healthy-lifestyle-factors-are-associated-with-a-lower-risk-of-suicidal-ideation-among-adolescents-faced-with-cyberbullying
#1
M Rodelli, I De Bourdeaudhuij, E Dumon, G Portzky, A DeSmet
Cyberbullying is associated with negative mental health outcomes including adolescent suicidal ideation. This requires effective and accessible preventive efforts. Healthy lifestyles are factors adolescents themselves can modify that may lower their risk of suicidal ideation. The aim of this study was to examine associations between physical activity, (outdoor) sport participation, a healthy diet, higher sleep duration and low levels of smoking and alcohol use, and suicidal ideation when faced with cyberbullying...
May 2, 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683474/antidepressants-for-the-treatment-of-depression-in-people-with-cancer
#2
REVIEW
Giovanni Ostuzzi, Faith Matcham, Sarah Dauchy, Corrado Barbui, Matthew Hotopf
BACKGROUND: Major depression and other depressive conditions are common in people with cancer. These conditions are not easily detectable in clinical practice, due to the overlap between medical and psychiatric symptoms, as described by diagnostic manuals such as the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) and International Classification of Diseases (ICD). Moreover, it is particularly challenging to distinguish between pathological and normal reactions to such a severe illness...
April 23, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674979/emotional-responses-to-suicidal-patients-factor-structure-construct-and-predictive-validity-of-the-therapist-response-questionnaire-suicide-form
#3
Shira Barzilay, Zimri S Yaseen, Mariah Hawes, Bernard Gorman, Rachel Altman, Adriana Foster, Alan Apter, Paul Rosenfield, Igor Galynker
Background: Mental health professionals have a pivotal role in suicide prevention. However, they also often have intense emotional responses, or countertransference, during encounters with suicidal patients. Previous studies of the Therapist Response Questionnaire-Suicide Form (TRQ-SF), a brief novel measure aimed at probing a distinct set of suicide-related emotional responses to patients found it to be predictive of near-term suicidal behavior among high suicide-risk inpatients. The purpose of this study was to validate the TRQ-SF in a general outpatient clinic setting...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665120/determinants-and-predictive-value-of-clinician-assessment-of-short-term-suicide-risk
#4
Shira Barzilay, Zimri S Yaseen, Mariah Hawes, Irina Kopeykina, Firouz Ardalan, Paul Rosenfield, James Murrough, Igor Galynker
We examine the interrelations among clinicians' judgment of patients' suicide risk, clinicians' emotional responses, and standard risk factors in the short-term prediction of suicidal thoughts and behaviors. Psychiatric outpatients (n = 153) with a lifetime history of suicide ideation/attempt and their treating clinicians (n = 67) were evaluated at intake. Clinicians completed a standard suicide risk instrument (modified SAD PERSONS scale), a 10-point Likert scale assessment of judgment of patient suicide risk (Clinician Prediction Scale), and a measure of their emotional responses to the patient (Therapist Response Questionnaire-Suicide Form)...
April 17, 2018: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648857/associations-of-patient-rated-emotional-bond-and-vocally-encoded-emotional-arousal-among-clinicians-and-acutely-suicidal-military-personnel
#5
Craig J Bryan, Brian R Baucom, Alex O Crenshaw, Zac Imel, David C Atkins, Tracy A Clemans, Bruce Leeson, T Scott Burch, Jim Mintz, M David Rudd
OBJECTIVE: To determine if synchrony in emotional arousal and affective regulation between patients and clinicians reflect emotional bonding during emergency behavioral health appointments. METHOD: Audio recordings of suicide risk assessment interviews and crisis intervention planning with 54 suicidal active duty soldiers presenting to an emergency department or behavioral health clinic were analyzed. Emotional arousal was assessed using mean fundamental frequency...
April 2018: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29561940/mental-status-and-suicide-probability-of-young-people-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
Selen Ozakar Akca, Ozgur Yuncu, Zehra Aydin
OBJECTIVE: The most important determinant of suicide ideation, tendency and initiative is the presence of mental disorders. Since the number of those who lost their lives due to suicide in the world rose rapidly among the young population, the World Health Organization emphasizes the importance of assessing young people in the high-risk age group to prevent suicidal behavior. This study aimed to determine psychological symptom levels and suicide probability in young people. METHOD: The cross-sectional research consisted of 15-24 year-old individuals (N=348), who have sought a psychiatric clinic between February and June, 2015...
January 2018: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29479555/validation-of-the-minority-stress-scale-among-italian-gay-and-bisexual-men
#7
Andrea Norcini Pala, Francesca Dell'Amore, Patrizia Steca, Lauren Clinton, Theodorus Sandfort, Christine Rael
The experience of sexual orientation stigma (e.g., homophobic discrimination and physical aggression) generates minority stress, a chronic form of psychosocial stress. Minority stress has been shown to have a negative effect on gay and bisexual men's (GBM's) mental and physical health, increasing the rates of depression, suicidal ideation, and HIV risk behaviors. In conservative religious settings, such as Italy, sexual orientation stigma can be more frequently and/or more intensively experienced. However, minority stress among Italian GBM remains understudied...
December 2017: Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29475218/gender-differences-of-occupational-stress-associated-with-suicidal-ideation-among-south-korean-employees-the-kangbuk-samsung-health-study
#8
Sun-Young Kim, Dong-Won Shin, Kang-Seob Oh, Eun-Jin Kim, Yang-Ri Park, Young-Chul Shin, Se-Won Lim
OBJECTIVE: In this study, the relationship between occupational stress and suicidal ideation was investigated, focusing on gender differences among Korean employees. METHODS: Cross-sectional data for 53,969 workers were collected at Kangbuk Samsung Hospital health screening centers. Risk of suicidal ideation was assessed using a self-reported questionnaire examining suicidal ideation during the past year. Occupational stress was measured using 24 items of the Korean Occupational Stress Scale-Short Form (KOSS-SF)...
February 2018: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409489/intimate-partner-sexual-violence-and-risk-for-femicide-suicidality-and-substance-use-among-women-in-antenatal-care-and-general-out-patients-in-thailand
#9
Supa Pengpid, Karl Peltzer, Orapin Laosee, Kawinarat Suthisukon
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the occurrence and health consequences of intimate partner sexual assault. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence and correlates of sexual assault in the context of intimate partner violence (IPV) in Thailand. METHODS: In a cross-sectional survey adult female participants were systematically screened (self-administered or interview administered) for IPV in antenatal care and general outpatient clinics in nine randomly selected hospitals in two provinces in the central region...
February 6, 2018: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29407545/exploring-cross-lagged-associations-between-spiritual-struggles-and-risk-for-suicidal-behavior-in-a-community-sample-of-military-veterans
#10
Joseph M Currier, Ryon C McDermott, Wesley H McCormick, Marc C Churchwell, Lori Milkeris
BACKGROUND: There is consensus that struggles with religious faith and/or spirituality likely contribute to risk for suicidal behavior in military populations. However, a lack of longitudinal information has limited the ability to clarify the temporal associations between these variables. METHODS: This study examined cross-lagged associations between key types of spiritual struggles (divine, morality, ultimate meaning, interpersonal relations, and doubting) and indices of risk for suicidal behavior (suicidal ideation and probability of future attempt) in a community sample of veterans who completed assessments spaced apart by six months...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29382632/a-smartphone-app-blueice-for-young-people-who-self-harm-open-phase-1-pre-post-trial
#11
Paul Stallard, Joanna Porter, Rebecca Grist
BACKGROUND: Recent years have seen a significant increase in the availability of smartphone apps for mental health problems. Despite their proliferation, few apps have been specifically developed for young people, and almost none have been subject to any form of evaluation. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to undertake a preliminary evaluation of a smartphone app (BlueIce), coproduced with young people and designed to help young people manage distress and urges to self-harm...
January 30, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29378018/beliefs-about-suicide-acceptability-in-the-united-states-how-do-they-affect-suicide-mortality
#12
Julie A Phillips, Elizabeth A Luth
Objectives: Societies develop cultural scripts to understand suicide and define conditions under which the act is acceptable. Prior empirical work suggests that such attitudes are important in understanding some forms of suicidal behavior among adolescents and high-risk populations. This study examines whether expressions of suicide acceptability under different circumstances are predictive of subsequent death by suicide in the general U.S. adult population and whether the effects differ over the life course...
January 25, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195773/cognitive-deficits-in-bipolar-disorders-implications-for-emotion
#13
REVIEW
Isabela M M Lima, Andrew D Peckham, Sheri L Johnson
Prominent cognitive deficits have been documented in bipolar disorder, and multiple studies suggest that these deficits can be observed among non-affected first-degree relatives of those with bipolar disorder. Although there is variability in the degree of cognitive deficits, these deficits are robustly relevant for functional outcomes. A separate literature documents clear difficulties in emotionality, emotion regulation, and emotion-relevant impulsivity within bipolar disorder, and demonstrates that these emotion-relevant variables are also central to outcome...
February 2018: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169252/distinguishing-levels-of-suicide-risk-in-depressed-male-veterans-the-role-of-internalizing-and-externalizing-psychopathology-as-measured-by-the-mmpi-2-rf
#14
Stephanie N Miller, Melanie L Bozzay, Yossef S Ben-Porath, Paul A Arbisi
Suicide occurs at high rates among veterans, underscoring a need for improved identification of veterans at risk of engaging in suicidal behavior. Considering dimensions of psychopathology in the context of an ideation-to-action framework, the present study examined the utility of the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2-Restructured Form in distinguishing depressed, psychiatrically hospitalized male veterans ( N = 430) at varying levels of suicide risk. Analysis of variance and hierarchical logistic regression analyses indicated that internalizing scales differentiated depressed ideators ( n = 147) and depressed controls ( n = 143); and in line with expectations, both broad and narrowly focused externalizing scales provided incremental validity in distinguishing depressed attempters ( n = 140) from depressed ideators...
November 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164799/suicidal-ideation-in-individuals-at-ultra-high-risk-for-psychosis-and-its-association-with-suspiciousness-independent-of-depression
#15
Minji Bang, Jin Young Park, Kyung Ran Kim, Su Young Lee, Yun Young Song, Jee In Kang, Eun Lee, Suk Kyoon An
AIM: Psychotic experiences, including delusions and hallucinations, and their attenuated forms have been recently suggested as a significant but under-recognized marker of suicide risk. However, the relationship between attenuated positive symptoms and suicide has not yet been clearly demonstrated in individuals at ultra-high risk (UHR) for psychosis. Here, we investigated the effect of attenuated positive symptoms on suicidal ideation in UHR individuals. METHODS: Fifty-three healthy controls (HCs) and 74 UHR individuals participated in the present study...
November 22, 2017: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142569/prevalence-and-predictors-of-non-suicidal-self-injury-among-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#16
Bushra Akram, Mehak Batool, Zeeshan Rafi, Abrar Akram
Objectives: To find the prevalence as well as to identify the predictors as protective and risk factors of Non-Suicidal Self-Injury (NSSI) among children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Methods: In this analytical cross sectional survey 83 children with ASD age range from 8 to 18 years were selected through convenient sampling technique from five special schools of Lahore city. The Urdu form of a standardized tool was used to assess NSSI. Results: Statistical analysis indicated overall point prevalence of NSSI was 33%...
September 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119644/suicide-amongst-people-with-intellectual-disability-an-australian-online-study-of-disability-support-staff-experiences-and-perceptions
#17
S Wark, K McKay, P Ryan, A Müller
BACKGROUND: Individuals with intellectual disability (ID) have a higher likelihood of exposure to identified risk factors for suicide when compared with the general community and have been recognised as being both capable of forming intent for suicide and acting on this intent. However, in spite of research outlining these concerns from the 1970s, there remains a dearth of studies that examine suicide amongst the population of people with ID. METHOD: An online cross-sectional survey was purposively developed, with questions aimed at identifying both the experiences and current practices of support staff who assist people with ID in relation to suicide, suicidal behaviour and suicide assessment...
January 2018: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990863/when-doctors-struggle-current-stressors-and-evaluation-recommendations-for-physicians-contemplating-suicide
#18
Elizabeth Brooks, Michael H Gendel, Sarah R Early, Doris C Gundersen
The objective of this study was to document current risk factors associated with physicians' suicide ideation among a group of doctors enrolled in a Physician Health Program. A retrospective cohort study was drawn from administrative data. The study compared intake information between doctors who reported recent thoughts of suicide (n = 70) and those who did not (n = 1,572) using adjusted regression analysis. Current stressors included personal, financial, health, and occupational problems; ideation was more likely with multiple stressors...
October 9, 2017: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990825/perceived-stress-and-intent-to-die-in-young-soldiers-who-attempt-suicide
#19
Leah Shelef, Anat Brunstein Klomek, Nirit Yavnai, Golan Shahar
BACKGROUND: Intent to die is an important component of suicide risk assessment. The authors compared the predictive effect of two forms of stress - military and perceived - in intent to die by suicide among young adult Israeli soldiers with a history of suicide attempts. Depression, suicide ideation, and habituation/acquired capacity for suicidality served as covariates. METHODS: Participants were 60 young adult soldiers in the Israeli Defense Force (ISF; aged 18-21 years), who made a suicide attempt during their military service...
October 6, 2017: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982825/detectaweb-project-study-protocol-of-a-web-based-detection-of-mental-health-of-children-and-adolescents
#20
Jose A Piqueras, Mariola Garcia-Olcina, Maria Rivera-Riquelme, Tiscar Rodriguez-Jimenez, Agustin E Martinez-Gonzalez, Pim Cuijpers
INTRODUCTION: Traditionally, research and practice addressing mental health has been conducted within a unidimensional model, explaining mental health as the presence/absence of psychological problems (distress or psychopathological symptoms). More recently, accumulative evidence has supported a bi-dimensional model, which conceptualises psychological problems and psychological strengths (well-being) as related-yet-distinct continua that, when considered together, yields a more comprehensive understanding of individuals...
October 5, 2017: BMJ Open
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