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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894372/affective-lability-mediates-the-association-between-childhood-trauma-and-suicide-attempts-mixed-episodes-and-co-morbid-anxiety-disorders-in-bipolar-disorders
#1
M Aas, C Henry, F Bellivier, M Lajnef, S Gard, J-P Kahn, T V Lagerberg, S R Aminoff, T Bjella, M Leboyer, O A Andreassen, I Melle, B Etain
BACKGROUND: Many studies have shown associations between a history of childhood trauma and more severe or complex clinical features of bipolar disorders (BD), including suicide attempts and earlier illness onset. However, the psychopathological mechanisms underlying these associations are still unknown. Here, we investigated whether affective lability mediates the relationship between childhood trauma and the severe clinical features of BD. METHOD: A total of 342 participants with BD were recruited from France and Norway...
November 29, 2016: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863316/is-the-war-really-over-a-20-year-longitudinal-study-on-trajectories-of-suicidal-ideation-and-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-following-combat
#2
Avigal Snir, Yossi Levi-Belz, Zahava Solomon
Combat stress reaction (CSR) has widespread long-term consequences, including profound psychopathology in the form of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Studies have established the link between combat, PTSD, and suicidality. However, little is known about the temporal course of suicidal ideation (SI) in general, specifically among war veterans. We aimed to trace the trajectories of SI in the aftermath of war and to explore the role of CSR and PTSD in SI trajectories. Israeli veterans with CSR (n=164) and a matched control group (NCSR, n=111) were assessed, using self-report measures at three points over the course of 20 years...
November 1, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766114/poly-victimisation-and-health-risk-behaviours-symptoms-of-mental-health-problems-and-suicidal-thoughts-and-plans-among-adolescents-in-vietnam
#3
Minh T H Le, Sara Holton, Huong T Nguyen, Rory Wolfe, Jane Fisher
BACKGROUND: Limited evidence is available about poly-victimisation (exposure to multiple forms of victimisation) and mental health among adolescents in low and lower-middle-income countries. The aim of this study was to examine the associations between lifetime exposure to poly-victimisation, health risk behaviours, symptoms of common mental health problems and suicidal ideas in the previous year among high school students in Vietnam. METHODS: Participants were high school students in rural and urban districts of Hanoi, Vietnam...
2016: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27763839/individual-and-community-level-determinants-of-inuit-youth-mental-wellness
#4
Andrew Paul Gray, Faisca Richer, Sam Harper
OBJECTIVES: Following the onset of intensive colonial intervention and rapid social change in the lives of Inuit people, youth in Nunavik have experienced high rates of mental health problems and suicide. Inuit people describe a broad range of contextual influences on mental wellness based on lived experience, but most epidemiological studies have focused on individual risk factors and pathologies. This study aimed to assess the influence of multiple determinants of mental wellness among Inuit youth in Nunavik, including culturally meaningful activities, housing and community social characteristics...
October 20, 2016: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27669361/examination-of-mmpi-2-rf-substantive-scales-as-indicators-of-acute-suicidal-affective-disturbance-components
#5
Megan L Rogers, Joye C Anestis, Tiffany M Harrop, Matthew Schneider, Theodore W Bender, Fallon B Ringer, Thomas E Joiner
A new suicide-specific diagnostic entity, acute suicidal affective disturbance (ASAD), was recently proposed to fill a void in the nomenclature. Although several studies have examined the reliability, validity, and potential clinical utility of ASAD, no studies have examined personality indicators of ASAD. This study sought to examine the association between personality and psychopathology factors, as assessed by the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2-Revised Form (MMPI-2-RF), and constructs that comprise ASAD in a sample of 554 psychiatric outpatients who completed all measures prior to their intake appointments...
September 26, 2016: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27647606/effectiveness-of-depression-suicidal-behaviour-gatekeeper-training-among-police-officers-in-three-european-regions-outcomes-of-the-optimising-suicide-prevention-programmes-and-their-implementation-in-europe-ospi-europe-study
#6
Ella Arensman, Claire Coffey, Eve Griffin, Chantal Van Audenhove, Gert Scheerder, Ricardo Gusmao, Susana Costa, Celine Larkin, Nicole Koburger, Margaret Maxwell, Fiona Harris, Vita Postuvan, Ulrich Hegerl
BACKGROUND: Gatekeeper training for community facilitators, to identify and respond to those at risk of suicide, forms an important part of multi-level community-based suicide prevention programmes. AIMS: This study examined the effects of gatekeeper training on attitudes, knowledge and confidence of police officers in dealing with persons at risk of suicide. METHODS: A total of 828 police officers across three European regions participated in a 4-hour training programme which addressed the epidemiology of depression and suicidal behaviour, symptoms of depression, warning signs and risk factors associated with suicidal behaviour, motivating help-seeking behaviour, dealing with acute suicidal crisis and informing bereaved relatives...
September 19, 2016: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27622166/suicide-probability-in-adolescents-with-a-history-of-childhood-maltreatment-the-role-of-non-suicidal-self-injury-emotion-regulation-difficulties-and-forms-of-self-criticism
#7
Hamid Khanipour, Mitra Hakim Shooshtari, Reza Bidaki
BACKGROUND: Suicidal attempt and non-suicidal self-injury are very common in adolescents with a history of childhood maltreatment. By identifying correlates of these kinds of high-risk behaviors, it is possible to prevent and decrease completed suicide. OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were: 1) to compare adolescents with a history of childhood maltreatment with non-suicidal self injury (NSSI) or past suicidal attempt in terms of suicide probability, and 2) to investigate the association between NSSI, forms of self-criticism, emotion regulation difficulties, and suicide probability...
June 2016: International Journal of High Risk Behaviors & Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27603806/long-term-course-of-borderline-personality-disorder
#8
Michael H Stone
Information concerning the longitudinal course of Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) derives mainly from (a) long-term (10 to 25 year) retrospective follow-up studies, primarily those conducted during the 1980s/1990s, (b) brief (1 to 3 year) follow-up studies of recent randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of several different treatment approaches, and (c) prospective follow-up studies. The patients contacted in the retrospective studies had been treated mostly by psychoanalytically informed approaches or supportive...
December 0: Psychodynamic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27567680/face-transplant-long-term-follow-up-and-results-of-a-prospective-open-study
#9
COMMENT
Laurent Lantieri, Philippe Grimbert, Nicolas Ortonne, Caroline Suberbielle, Dominique Bories, Salvador Gil-Vernet, Cédric Lemogne, Frank Bellivier, Jean Pascal Lefaucheur, Nathaniel Schaffer, Fréderic Martin, Jean Paul Meningaud, Pierre Wolkenstein, Mikael Hivelin
BACKGROUND: More than 30 face transplantations have been done worldwide since 2005 but no documented long-term follow-up has been reported in the literature. We aimed to answer remaining question about the long-term risks and benefits of face transplant. METHODS: In this single-centre, prospective, open study, we assessed 20 patients presenting with facial defects. Ten patients were selected, and, after three were secondarily excluded, seven were transplanted: two with neurofibromatosis 1, one with a burn, and four with self-inflicted facial gunshot injuries...
October 1, 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27526302/using-standardized-patients-in-enhancing-undergraduate-students-learning-experience-in-mental-health-nursing
#10
Yong-Shian Goh, Sunil Selvarajan, Mui-Lee Chng, Chee-Shiong Tan, Piyanee Yobas
BACKGROUND: Conducting mental status examination and suicide risk assessment is an important skill required of nurses when they are in the clinical setting. With nursing students often expressing the anxiety and lack of confidence in doing so, the use of standardized patients provide an excellent opportunity to practice and become proficient with this skill in a simulated environment. OBJECTIVES: To explore the learning experience of undergraduate nursing students using standardized patients while practising their mental status examination and suicide risk assessment skills in mental health nursing module...
October 2016: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27279811/is-a-self-inflicted-burn-part-of-a-repeated-self-harm-pattern
#11
K Joory, A Farroha, N Moiemen
Self-inflicted burns (SIB) consistently account for a small proportion of burn injuries. There is a wide spectrum of SIB, from minor burns through to major life threatening burn injuries in suicidal patients who have committed self-immolation. Non-fatal deliberate self-harm (DSH) is a common reason for presenting to hospital. This occurs in many forms including wounding, burning and poisoning to name a few. Such behaviours are commonly repeated, sometimes with increasing severity. DSH is a major risk factor for subsequent suicide...
September 30, 2015: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27266578/developmental-timing-of-suicide-attempts-and-cardiovascular-risk-during-young-adulthood
#12
Lilly Shanahan, Kristen M Schorpp, Vanessa V Volpe, Kathryn Linthicum, Jason A Freeman
OBJECTIVE: Self-control/self-regulation has received increased attention in health research. Suicide attempts index severe dysregulation in emotional, behavioral, and/or physiological domains. The current study tested whether own and/or others' suicide attempts during the early life course predicted cardiovascular risk by young adulthood and whether developmental timing of suicide attempts, sex of the person, and source of suicide attempts exposure modified these associations. METHOD: Data came from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (Add Health)...
October 2016: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27257294/burdensomeness-belongingness-and-capability-assessing-the-interpersonal-psychological-theory-of-suicide-with-mmpi-2-rf-scales
#13
Joye C Anestis, Jacob A Finn, Emily D Gottfried, Jennifer L Hames, Lindsay P Bodell, Christopher R Hagan, Randolph C Arnau, Michael D Anestis, Paul A Arbisi, Thomas E Joiner
Given the emerging body of literature demonstrating the validity of the interpersonal-psychological theory of suicide (IPTS), and the importance of increasing our understanding of the development of risk factors associated with suicidal behavior, it seems worthwhile both to expand IPTS research via Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2-Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF) correlates and to expand the availability of methods by which to assess the constructs of the IPTS. The present study attempted to do so in a large adult outpatient mental health sample by (a) inspecting associations between the IPTS constructs and the substantive scales of the MMPI-2-RF and (b) exploring the utility of MMPI-2-RF scale-based algorithms of the IPTS constructs...
June 1, 2016: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27248157/perceived-training-needs-of-nurses-working-with-mentally-ill-patients
#14
Nelson Ositadimma Oranye, Utharas Arumugam, Nora Ahmad, Marian E Arumugam
INTRODUCTION: Mental healthcare in many Asian countries is facing serious challenges due to poor public knowledge of mental health issues, inadequate training of care providers, a medicalised model of mental health, and widespread social stigma. Nurses form a significant part of the clinical mental health team, but the current level of training in mental health results in suboptimal nursing care delivery. METHODS: For this study 220 registered nurses and medical assistants working with the mentally ill in two major psychiatric hospitals and a psychiatric unit in a university teaching hospital completed a structured questionnaire...
June 1, 2016: Contemporary Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27233466/acute-risk-factors-for-suicide-attempts-and-death-prospective-findings-from-the-step-bd-study
#15
Elizabeth D Ballard, Jennifer L Vande Voort, David A Luckenbaugh, Rodrigo Machado-Vieira, Mauricio Tohen, Carlos A Zarate
OBJECTIVES: Suicide is unfortunately common in psychiatric practice, but difficult to predict. The present study sought to assess which clinical symptoms increase in the months before suicidal behavior in a sample of psychiatric outpatients with bipolar disorder. METHODS: Data from the Systematic Treatment Enhancement Program for Bipolar Disorder (STEP-BD) trial were used. A total of 103 participants who attempted suicide or died by suicide during the trial were included; a 15% random sample of the remaining participants (n = 427) was used as a comparison sample...
June 2016: Bipolar Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27148751/psychological-health-and-academic-success-in-rural-appalachian-adolescents-exposed-to-physical-and-sexual-interpersonal-violence
#16
Denise M Martz, John Paul Jameson, Amy Dellinger Page
Interpersonal violence (IPV) in adolescence is a serious public health concern and may have lasting behavioral effects and implications for adult relationships. Adolescents from 2 rural Appalachian high schools in 2011/2012 were surveyed using the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Youth Risk Behavioral Surveillance (YRBS) survey, which assessed (a) physical IPV within a dating relationship, (b) sexual IPV (defined as forced sex/rape), and (c) those who experienced both. We present baseline rates of each form of IPV for these rural male and female adolescents and assessed the strength and statistical significance of these associations between physical and sexual IPV and other risk factors using χ2 tests and relative risk ratios...
2016: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27138041/generation-of-genetically-engineered-precursor-t-cells-from-human-umbilical-cord-blood-using-an-optimized-alpharetroviral-vector-platform
#17
Juwita Hübner, Shahabuddin S Hoseini, Julia D Suerth, Dirk Hoffmann, Marcel Maluski, Jessica Herbst, Holger Maul, Arnab Ghosh, Britta Eiz-Vesper, Qinggong Yuan, Michael Ott, Michael Heuser, Axel Schambach, Martin G Sauer
Retroviral engineering of hematopoietic stem cell-derived precursor T-cells (preTs) opens the possibility of targeted T-cell transfer across human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-barriers. Alpharetroviral vectors exhibit a more neutral integration pattern thereby reducing the risk of insertional mutagenesis. Cord blood-derived CD34+ cells were transduced and differentiated into preTs in vitro. Two promoters, elongation-factor-1-short-form, and a myeloproliferative sarcoma virus variant in combination with two commonly used envelopes were comparatively assessed choosing enhanced green fluorescent protein or a third-generation chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) against CD123 as gene of interest...
August 2016: Molecular Therapy: the Journal of the American Society of Gene Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27126959/non-suicidal-self-injury-resulting-in-dental-trauma-in-an-adolescent
#18
Preetika Chandna, Nikhil Srivastava, Vivek Kumar Adlakha, Prerna Panthri
BACKGROUND/AIM: Non-suicidal self injury may be a possible etiologic factor for dental trauma in adolescents. The aim of this case report is to present a case of non-suicidal self injury resulting in dental trauma in a 16 year old adolescent boy. CASE REPORT: This report illustrates a case of non-suicidal self injury in a 16 year old healthy boy with resultant trauma to the maxillary central incisors and the left lateral incisor (teeth 11, 21, and 22). Three tests were applied; Wechsler Abbreviated Scale of Intelligence(™) (WASI), Inventory of Statements about Self Injury (ISAS), and UPPS Impulsive Behavior Scale (UPPS); to assess the patient's intellectual and behavioral functioning...
December 2016: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27046645/towards-understanding-and-predicting-suicidality-in-women-biomarkers-and-clinical-risk-assessment
#19
D F Levey, E M Niculescu, H Le-Niculescu, H L Dainton, P L Phalen, T B Ladd, H Weber, E Belanger, D L Graham, F N Khan, N P Vanipenta, E C Stage, A Ballew, M Yard, T Gelbart, A Shekhar, N J Schork, S M Kurian, G E Sandusky, D R Salomon, A B Niculescu
Women are under-represented in research on suicidality to date. Although women have a lower rate of suicide completion than men, due in part to the less-violent methods used, they have a higher rate of suicide attempts. Our group has previously identified genomic (blood gene expression biomarkers) and clinical information (apps) predictors for suicidality in men. We now describe pilot studies in women. We used a powerful within-participant discovery approach to identify genes that change in expression between no suicidal ideation (no SI) and high suicidal ideation (high SI) states (n=12 participants out of a cohort of 51 women psychiatric participants followed longitudinally, with diagnoses of bipolar disorder, depression, schizoaffective disorder and schizophrenia)...
June 2016: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27040126/bullying-depression-and-suicide-risk-in-a-pediatric-primary-care-sample
#20
Tamar Kodish, Joanna Herres, Annie Shearer, Tita Atte, Joel Fein, Guy Diamond
BACKGROUND: Suicide is a serious public health concern for US youth. Research has established an association between bullying and suicide risk. However, several questions remain regarding this relationship. AIMS: The present study examined (a) whether experiences of verbal, physical, and cyber bullying were uniquely associated with general suicide risk; (b) whether each specific form of bullying was related to suicide attempt; and (c) whether depression moderated the relationship between each type of bullying and suicide risk...
May 2016: Crisis
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