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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680455/a-new-technique-to-measure-online-bullying-online-computerized-adaptive-testing
#1
Shu-Ching Ma, Hsiu-Hung Wang, Tsair-Wei Chien
BACKGROUND: Workplace bullying has been measured in many studies to investigate mental health issues. None uses online computerized adaptive testing (CAT) with cutting points to report bully prevalence at workplace. OBJECTIVE: To develop an online CAT to examine person being bullied and verify whether item response theory-based CAT can be applied online for nurses to measure exposure to workplace bullying. METHODS: A total of 963 nurses were recruited and responded to the 22-item Negative Acts Questionnaire-Revised (NAQ-R)...
2017: Annals of General Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613237/major-depression-detection-from-eeg-signals-using-kernel-eigen-filter-bank-common-spatial-patterns
#2
Shih-Cheng Liao, Chien-Te Wu, Hao-Chuan Huang, Wei-Teng Cheng, Yi-Hung Liu
Major depressive disorder (MDD) has become a leading contributor to the global burden of disease; however, there are currently no reliable biological markers or physiological measurements for efficiently and effectively dissecting the heterogeneity of MDD. Here we propose a novel method based on scalp electroencephalography (EEG) signals and a robust spectral-spatial EEG feature extractor called kernel eigen-filter-bank common spatial pattern (KEFB-CSP). The KEFB-CSP first filters the multi-channel raw EEG signals into a set of frequency sub-bands covering the range from theta to gamma bands, then spatially transforms the EEG signals of each sub-band from the original sensor space to a new space where the new signals (i...
June 14, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587552/anorexia-nervosa-and-bulimia-nervosa-a-psychotherapeutic-cognitive-constructivist-approach
#3
Cristiano Nabuco de Abreu, Raphael Cangelli Filho
Of the eating disorders, anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa are the ones that have made adolescent patients-often females and aged younger and younger-seek for help. This help is provided through a multidisciplinary treatment involving psychiatrists, psychologists and dietists. Psychotherapy has shown to be an efficient component for these patients' improvement. The present article aims at presenting a proposal of psychotherapeutic treatment based on a cognitive-constructivist approach.
June 2017: International Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479895/referral-letters-to-the-psychiatrist-in-nigeria-is-communication-adequate
#4
Oluyomi Esan, Oluremi Oladele
OBJECTIVE: Over half of patients with psychiatric disorders are first seen by primary care physicians before referral to the psychiatrist. An efficient referral system is, therefore, important to offering quality care to such patients. Communication between physicians is often sub-optimal and referral letters to specialists sometimes provide inadequate information. The current study's aim was to observe the prevalence of deficiencies in the referral letters to a department of psychiatry in a Nigerian teaching hospital...
December 2016: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376518/improving-mental-health-services-through-physician-assistants-legislation-in-several-southern-states
#5
Matthew Buchbinder, Judith Regan, Mirela Aldea, Denise Makowski
A national effort to provide more expansive mental health care in the United States has been an increasing priority during the last decade. States have enacted laws that allow for the delegation of psychiatric services to physician assistants in an effort to address the shortage and geographic maldistribution of mental health services and to more efficiently use the skills of psychiatrists. This statutory scheme recognizing physician assistants has been effective in broadening access to mental health care in various southern states...
April 2017: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134553/using-organizational-and-clinical-performance-data-to-increase-the-value-of-mental-health-care
#6
Eric M Schmidt, Dean D Krahn, Marsden H McGuire, Sara Tavakoli, David M Wright, Hugo E Solares, Sonne Lemke, Jodie Trafton
U.S. health systems, policy makers, and patients increasingly demand high-value care that improves health outcomes at lower cost. This study describes the initial design and analysis of the Mental Health Management System (MHMS), a performance data and quality improvement tool used by the Veterans Health Administration (VHA) to increase the value of its mental health care. The MHMS evaluates access to and quality of mental health care, organizational structure and efficiency, implementation of innovative treatment options, and, in collaboration with management, resource needs for delivering care...
February 2017: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058109/engagement-and-outcomes-for-a-computerised-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-intervention-for-anxiety-and-depression-in-african-americans
#7
Charles R Jonassaint, Patrice Gibbs, Bea Herbeck Belnap, Jordan F Karp, Kaleab K Abebe, Bruce L Rollman
BACKGROUND: Computerised cognitive-behavioural therapy (CCBT) helps improve mental health outcomes in White populations. However, no studies have examined whether CCBT is acceptable and beneficial for African Americans. AIMS: We studied differences in CCBT use and self-reported change in depression and anxiety symptoms among 91 African Americans and 499 White primary care patients aged 18-75, enrolled in a randomised clinical trial of collaborative care embedded with an online treatment for depression and anxiety...
January 2017: BJPsych Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930517/psychiatry-outpatient-visits-by-atopic-dermatitis-patients-varying-in-the-complexity-of-their-prescriptions-a-nationwide-cohort-study-conducted-from-2005-to-2013
#8
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Jaeyong Shin, Young Choi, Eun-Cheol Park, Kwang Hoon Lee, Seo Young Hwang, Sang Ho Oh, Sang Gyu Lee
The uncomfortable symptoms of atopic dermatitis (AD) often trigger psychological stress.We investigated the association between AD severity and outpatient visits to psychiatrists using Korean National Health Insurance claims data from 2004 to 2013.This was a retrospective cohort analysis; we estimated hazard ratios (HRs).Of the 266,182 subjects, 18,290 (6.9%) had a history of visiting a psychiatrist, and 25,419 (9.5%) were diagnosed with AD. Compared with the subjects without AD, subjects with AD had a higher HR for visiting a psychiatrist (3...
December 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27668915/the-impact-of-mental-health-services-in-a-pediatric-emergency-department-the-implications-of-having-trained-psychiatric-professionals
#9
Sharon M Holder, Kenneth Rogers, Eunice Peterson, Robbie Shoenleben, Dawn Blackhurst
OBJECTIVES: This study assessed improvement in the emergency department (ED) length of stay and costs after implementation of an ED program which added board-certified psychiatrists and trained psychiatric social workers to the pediatric ED. METHODS: A retrospective medical record and administrative data review were conducted for all pediatric psychiatric visits of children aged 5 to 18 years who were seen and discharged from the Greenville Memorial Hospital ED between January 1, 2007, and June 31, 2013...
May 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27606317/a-case-for-returning-to-multiplex-families-for-further-understanding-the-heritability-of-schizophrenia-a-psychiatrist-s-perspective
#10
Lynn E DeLisi
The genetic mechanism for schizophrenia still remains unknown despite decades of research. A tremendous amount of investigator time and effort has gone into ascertainment of clinical samples for genetic studies over the years. Most recently, a large international effort of unprecedented collaboration has occurred to combine data worldwide in pursuit of uncovering the relevant genetic risk factors. However, in the process, the use of multiplex families to understand the genetics has waned, and it has been presumed that large resources of unrelated patients and controls are more efficient to find risk alleles than families...
May 2016: Molecular Neuropsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27594155/retrospective-analysis-of-liaison-psychiatric-service-in-elderly-inpatients-in-a-general-hospital
#11
Xia Hong, Jing Wei, Xiao-Hui Zhao, Ping Zeng, Li-Li Shi, Jin-Ya Cao, Xiao-Hong Liu
Objective To analyze liaison psychiatric service in a geriatric ward in a big general hospital and explore the way to improve accessibility of geriatric psychiatric service in general hospitals. Methods Elderly inpatients aged 65 years old or more admitted to a geriatrics ward in Peking Union Medical College Hospital in 7 years duration (January 2008 to December 2014) were enrolled in the study. Liaison psychiatrists attended ground round combined with psychiatric consultation from January 2008 to December 2009 (T1 period)...
August 2016: Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao. Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27582450/choosing-wisely-let-s-start-with-working-wisely
#12
Paul Kurdyak, Lesley Wiesenfeld, Sanjeev Sockalingam
There is an increasing emphasis on quality and, relatedly, cost-effectiveness as it relates to the delivery of health care. Choosing Wisely is an initiative adopted by numerous specialties with the goal of starting a dialogue about efficient use of health care resources. People need to be able to access care to have an opportunity to choose wisely. There is a considerable amount of evidence that access to care is poor for specialty mental health care, particularly access to psychiatrists. Consequently, we suggest that psychiatrists and the broader mental health system need to consider working wisely, and in our paper outline key issues (for example, implementation of wait times and objective measures of need in a centralized referral management system; incorporation of performance indicators with longitudinal monitoring for continuous quality improvement) that need to be addressed to develop a mental health system that would allow people to access care to choose wisely...
January 2016: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27397804/-red-tape-in-psychiatry-on-bureaucracy-bureaucratism-and-our-secret-fondness-for-procedures
#13
J D Blom, F R E Smink, E V Kwidama, V M Vladár Rivero
BACKGROUND: A frequent complaint in psychiatry is that the psychiatrist-patient relationship and the quality of care are hampered by bureaucratic processes. AIM: To provide an analysis of various types of bureaucracy in psychiatry that can serve as a starting-point for the improvement of care and the performance of qualitative studies. METHOD: We conducted an exploratory study using PubMed, Google, and various Dutch medical journals. RESULTS: Contemporary psychiatry is characterised by a bureaucratic organization structure...
2016: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27372353/-are-schizophrenic-patients-being-told-their-diagnosis-today-in-france
#14
M Villani, V Kovess-Masféty
INTRODUCTION: The progressive shifts in the legal and social contexts, along with major changes in information seeking habits with the development of the Internet, have placed patients' information at the core of medical practice. This has to be applied to the psychiatric fields as well, and to questions about how schizophrenic patients are being told their diagnosis nowadays in France. METHODS: This paper is a national and international literature review about schizophrenia diagnosis disclosure practices, from 1972 to 2014, using French and English languages and various psychology and medical databases...
June 29, 2016: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27295374/the-suitability-of-the-hospital-anxiety-and-depression-scale-distress-thermometer-and-other-instruments-to-screen-for-psychiatric-disorders-in-both-lung-cancer-patients-and-their-partners
#15
Melanie P J Schellekens, Desiree G M van den Hurk, Judith B Prins, Johan Molema, Miep A van der Drift, Anne E M Speckens
BACKGROUND: Lung cancer patients and their partners report high rates of distress. Although distress is of importance, psychiatric disorders might be more important in terms of prognostic value and additional psychological treatment. This study examined the suitability of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), Distress Thermometer (DT), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI-II) and State subscale of State Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI-S) to screen for psychiatric disorders in lung cancer patients and partners...
October 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27292971/comparative-study-of-forensic-psychiatric-system-between-china-and-america
#16
Gangqin Li, Thomas G Gutheil, Zeqing Hu
Laws and regulations about the forensic psychiatric systems in China and America were compared, and suggestions for improving the forensic psychiatric system of China were provided. There are many differences regarding the role of the forensic psychiatrist, the initiation of the assessment and the admission of expert opinion because of elements in the legal systems in China and America. The Chinese system has the advantages of objectivity, cost saving and high efficiency; but it has deficiencies in procedural justice and the admission of expert opinion...
July 2016: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27285393/split-treatment-recommendations-for-optimal-use-in-the-care-of-psychiatric-patients
#17
Michael J Gitlin, David J Miklowitz
BACKGROUND: Split treatment refers to the involvement of 2 mental health professionals in the care of a psychiatric patient-one providing psychotherapy and the other psychopharmacologic management. Despite the widespread use of split treatment in outpatient psychiatric care, little data exist on its core features or cost-effectiveness compared with other models of treatment. METHODS: We reviewed published studies on split treatment, summarized the research data on split treatment, and created principles to guide its use in practice...
May 2016: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27192788/-suicide-prevention-and-mental-health-measures-for-japanese-university-students
#18
Masaru Ohnishi, Shihomi Koyama, Akiko Senoo, Hiroko Kawahara, Yukito Shimizu
According to the nationwide survey of the National University students in Japan, the annual suicide rate in 2012 was 15.7 per 100,000 undergraduate students. In many universities, suicide prevention is an important issue regarding mental health measures, and each university is actively examining this. The current situation concerning measures for suicide prevention in the Japanese National Universities was investigated in 2009. In 2010, the "college student's suicide prevention measures guideline, 2010" was established based on the results of this investigation...
2016: Seishin Shinkeigaku Zasshi, Psychiatria et Neurologia Japonica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27000268/lithium-and-suicide-prevention-in-bipolar-disorder
#19
V Benard, G Vaiva, M Masson, P A Geoffroy
INTRODUCTION: Bipolar disorder (BD) is a severe and recurrent psychiatric disorder. The severity of prognosis in BD is mainly linked to the high rate of suicide in this population. Indeed, patients with BD commit suicide 20 to 30 times more frequently than the general population, and half of the BD population with an early age of onset have a history of suicide attempt. International therapeutic guidelines recommend lithium (Li) as the first-line treatment in BD for its prophylactic action on depressive or manic episodes...
June 2016: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26998576/utilization-of-healthcare-services-among-elderly-with-cognitive-impairment-no-dementia-and-influence-of-depression-and-anxiety-a-longitudinal-study
#20
Alexandre St-Hilaire, Carol Hudon, Michel Préville, Olivier Potvin
OBJECTIVES: Little objective and nationally representative data are available concerning the influence of cognitive impairment no dementia (CIND) on utilization of healthcare services. The main objective was to compare the use of healthcare services over three years, between elders with current or incident CIND and those without CIND. A second objective was to evaluate the effect of depression and anxiety. METHODS: Cross-sectional and longitudinal data from a population-based survey of 2265 older adults living in Quebec (Canada) were used...
March 21, 2016: Aging & Mental Health
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