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Documenting suicide assessment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049101/how-prevalent-and-morbid-are-subthreshold-manifestations-of-major-depression-in-adolescents-a-literature-review
#1
REVIEW
Nicholas W Carrellas, Joseph Biederman, Mai Uchida
INTRODUCTION: Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) among youth is a public health concern. Our aim was to examine the current body of knowledge to better characterize the prevalence and morbidity associated with subthreshold forms of MDD among youth. Given that MDD tends to develop gradually over time, we hypothesized a high prevalence and considerable impairment associated with youth suffering from depressive symptoms that fall short of full, syndromic status. METHODS: A literature search was conducted using PubMed exclusively to identify studies assessing the prevalence and clinical characteristics of subthreshold MDD in adolescents...
December 27, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030971/suicidal-ideation-and-behaviour-among-persons-seeking-hiv-testing-in-peri-urban-areas-of-cape-town-south-africa-a-lost-opportunity-for-suicide-prevention
#2
Jason Bantjes, Ashraf Kagee, Wylene Saal
Suicidal ideation and behaviour (SIB) are among the psychiatric sequela of HIV/AIDS. Few studies have however examined the prevalence and correlates of SIB among persons seeking HIV testing. We set out to document the prevalence and correlates of SIB among people seeking HIV testing in peri-urban areas of Cape Town, South Africa (SA). A cross-sectional research design was used to recruit a sample (n = 500) of individuals seeking HIV testing. Self-report measures were used to assess two-week prevalence of SIB as well as life-time prevalence of suicide attempt...
December 28, 2016: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995812/social-support-buffers-the-effect-of-interpersonal-life-stress-on-suicidal-ideation-and-self-injury-during-adolescence
#3
D M Mackin, G Perlman, J Davila, R Kotov, D N Klein
BACKGROUND: The effect of life stress on suicidal symptoms during adolescence is well documented. Stressful life events can trigger suicidality, but most adolescents are resilient and it is unclear which factors protect against the deleterious impact of stress. Social support is thought to be one such factor. Therefore, we investigated the buffering effect of specific sources of social support (parental and peer) on life stress (interpersonal and non-interpersonal) in predicting suicidal symptoms during adolescence...
December 20, 2016: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875034/risk-factors-of-post-traumatic-stress-symptoms-in-patients-with-cancer
#4
Yu-Hua Lin, Chia-Chan Kao, Shu-Fen Wu, Shu-Ling Hung, Hsing-Yu Yang, Hong-Yu Tung
AIM AND OBJECTIVES: To determine the level of PTSS and to identify demographics, disease history, and clinical symptoms that were associated with PTSS among gynecological, breast, or colorectal cancer patients in Taiwan. BACKGROUND: Literature indicated that 7.3 % to 35.2% of patients with cancer had experienced level of post-traumatic stress symptoms (PTSS). However, the PTSS among patients with cancer in Taiwan was not documented. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801502/neurocognitive-function-and-suicide-in-u-s-army-soldiers
#5
James A Naifeh, Matthew K Nock, Robert J Ursano, Patti L Vegella, Pablo A Aliaga, Carol S Fullerton, Ronald C Kessler, Christina L Wryter, Steven G Heeringa, Murray B Stein
This prospective cohort study used administrative data from the Army Study to Assess Risk and Resilience in Servicemembers to examine associations between neurocognitive functioning and subsequent suicidal events among Regular Army enlisted soldiers during the years 2004-2009. Cases were all soldiers who completed the Army's Automated Neuropsychological Assessment Metrics (ANAM) computerized testing battery prior to documented suicide attempt (n = 607), ideation (n = 955), or death (n = 57). Controls were an equal-probability sample of 9,893 person-months from other soldiers...
November 1, 2016: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27780505/social-network-analysis-of-iranian-researchers-in-the-field-of-violence
#6
Payman Salamati, Faramarz Soheili
PURPOSE: The social network analysis (SNA) is a paradigm for analyzing structural patterns in social re- lations, testing knowledge sharing process and identifying bottlenecks of information flow. The purpose of this study was to determine the status of research in the fleld of violence in Iran using SNA. METHODS: Research population included all the papers with at least one Iranian affiliation published in violence fleld indexed in SCIE, PubMed and Scopus databases...
October 1, 2016: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770819/implementing-school-nursing-strategies-to-reduce-lgbtq-adolescent-suicide-a-randomized-cluster-trial-study-protocol
#7
Cathleen E Willging, Amy E Green, Mary M Ramos
BACKGROUND: Reducing youth suicide in the United States (U.S.) is a national public health priority, and lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer or questioning (LGBTQ) youth are at elevated risk. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) endorses six evidence-based (EB) strategies that center on meeting the needs of LGBTQ youth in schools; however, fewer than 6 % of U.S. schools implement all of them. The proposed intervention model, "RLAS" (Implementing School Nursing Strategies to Reduce LGBTQ Adolescent Suicide), builds on the Exploration, Preparation, Implementation, and Sustainment (EPIS) conceptual framework and the Dynamic Adaptation Process (DAP) to implement EB strategies in U...
October 22, 2016: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747257/the-role-of-gender-affirmation-in-psychological-well-being-among-transgender-women
#8
Tiffany R Glynn, Kristi E Gamarel, Christopher W Kahler, Mariko Iwamoto, Don Operario, Tooru Nemoto
High prevalence of psychological distress, including greater depression, lower self-esteem, and suicidal ideation, has been documented across numerous samples of transgender women and has been attributed to high rates of discrimination and violence. According to the gender affirmation framework (Sevelius, 2013), access to sources of gender-affirmative support can offset such negative psychological effects of social oppression. However, critical questions remain unanswered in regards to how and which aspects of gender affirmation are related to psychological well-being...
September 2016: Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27669996/-how-to-characterize-and-treat-sleep-complaints-in-bipolar-disorders
#9
P A Geoffroy, J-A Micoulaud Franchi, R Lopez, I Poirot, A Brion, S Royant-Parola, B Etain
OBJECTIVES: Sleep complaints are very common in bipolar disorders (BD) both during acute phases (manic and depressive episodes) and remission (about 80 % of patients with remitted BD have poor sleep quality). Sleep complaints during remission are of particular importance since they are associated with more mood relapses and worse outcomes. In this context, this review discusses the characterization and treatment of sleep complaints in BD. METHODS: We examined the international scientific literature in June 2016 and performed a literature search with PubMed electronic database using the following headings: "bipolar disorder" and ("sleep" or "insomnia" or "hypersomnia" or "circadian" or "apnoea" or "apnea" or "restless legs")...
September 23, 2016: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27649528/reporting-of-adverse-events-in-published-and-unpublished-studies-of-health-care-interventions-a-systematic-review
#10
Su Golder, Yoon K Loke, Kath Wright, Gill Norman
BACKGROUND: We performed a systematic review to assess whether we can quantify the underreporting of adverse events (AEs) in the published medical literature documenting the results of clinical trials as compared with other nonpublished sources, and whether we can measure the impact this underreporting has on systematic reviews of adverse events. METHODS AND FINDINGS: Studies were identified from 15 databases (including MEDLINE and Embase) and by handsearching, reference checking, internet searches, and contacting experts...
September 2016: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27602529/a-depression-screening-protocol-for-patients-with-acute-stroke-a-quality-improvement-project
#11
Celia McIntosh
BACKGROUND: Depression after stroke is common and is associated with poor functional recovery, suicidal ideation, decreased quality of life, and increased mortality. Despite this knowledge, poststroke depression (PSD) is often underdetected and thus undertreated. PSD is clinically important for the caregiver, the family, and the stroke survivor. Inconsistencies in screening and treatment practices may further contribute to these negative outcomes. PURPOSE: The purposes of this evidence-based clinical scholarship project were to (1) determine the efficacy of an evidence-based depression screening protocol in improving early detection and treatment of PSD and (2) identify if there were any relationships between the protocol interventions, depression scores, and diagnosis...
September 5, 2016: Journal of Neuroscience Nursing: Journal of the American Association of Neuroscience Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27573591/personality-traits-as-an-endophenotype-in-genetic-studies-on-suicidality-in-bipolar-disorder
#12
J Pawlak, M Dmitrzak-Węglarz, M Maciukiewicz, P Kapelski, P Czerski, A Leszczyńska-Rodziewicz, D Zaremba, J Hauser
: Introduction The influence of personality traits on suicidal behaviour risk has been well documented. Personality traits and suicidal behaviour are partially genetically determined and personality has been described as an endophenotype of suicidal behaviour. The aim of this study was to investigate a possible association between personality traits with suicidal behaviour and selected serotonergic gene polymorphisms. METHODS: In the study we included 156 patients meeting DSM-IV criteria for bipolar disorder (BP) and 93 healthy controls...
August 30, 2016: Acta Neuropsychiatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27571170/current-analysis-of-hangings-that-deviates-from-recently-published-studies
#13
Leigh Hlavaty, William Kasper, LokMan Sung
The constellation of injuries observed in hangings is a subject receiving frequent review in forensic pathology literature. Whereas recent studies have reported high concordance between hangings and internal findings such as strap muscle hemorrhages and hyoid bone and thyroid cartilage fractures, a 2-part study examining autopsied suicidal hangings over a 9-year period at the Wayne County Medical Examiner's Office produced markedly differing results. Retrospectively and prospectively, external and internal autopsy observations were correlated with factors such as age, sex, body height, body mass index, ligature, and height of suspension...
December 2016: American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27567680/face-transplant-long-term-follow-up-and-results-of-a-prospective-open-study
#14
COMMENT
Laurent Lantieri, Philippe Grimbert, Nicolas Ortonne, Caroline Suberbielle, Dominique Bories, Salvador Gil-Vernet, Cédric Lemogne, Frank Bellivier, Jean Pascal Lefaucheur, Nathaniel Schaffer, Fréderic Martin, Jean Paul Meningaud, Pierre Wolkenstein, Mikael Hivelin
BACKGROUND: More than 30 face transplantations have been done worldwide since 2005 but no documented long-term follow-up has been reported in the literature. We aimed to answer remaining question about the long-term risks and benefits of face transplant. METHODS: In this single-centre, prospective, open study, we assessed 20 patients presenting with facial defects. Ten patients were selected, and, after three were secondarily excluded, seven were transplanted: two with neurofibromatosis 1, one with a burn, and four with self-inflicted facial gunshot injuries...
October 1, 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27476513/the-impact-of-prescription-opioids-on-all-cause-mortality-in-canada
#15
EDITORIAL
Sameer Imtiaz, Jürgen Rehm
An influential study from the United States generated considerable discussion and debate. This study documented rising morbidity and mortality in midlife among white non-Hispanic Americans in the 21st century, with clear linkages of all-cause mortality to increasing rates of poisonings, suicides and chronic liver disease deaths. All of these causes of deaths are strongly related to the use of legal and illegal substances, but the study stressed the importance of prescription opioids. Given the similarities between the United States and Canada in prescription opioid use, the assessment of similar all-cause mortality trends is relevant for Canada...
2016: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27400764/predicting-risk-of-suicide-attempt-using-history-of-physical-illnesses-from-electronic-medical-records
#16
Chandan Karmakar, Wei Luo, Truyen Tran, Michael Berk, Svetha Venkatesh
BACKGROUND: Although physical illnesses, routinely documented in electronic medical records (EMR), have been found to be a contributing factor to suicides, no automated systems use this information to predict suicide risk. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to quantify the impact of physical illnesses on suicide risk, and develop a predictive model that captures this relationship using EMR data. METHODS: We used history of physical illnesses (except chapter V: Mental and behavioral disorders) from EMR data over different time-periods to build a lookup table that contains the probability of suicide risk for each chapter of the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, 10th Revision (ICD-10) codes...
2016: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27378071/startle-amplitude-during-unpleasant-pictures-is-greater-in-veterans-with-a-history-of-multiple-suicide-attempts-and-predicts-a-future-suicide-attempt
#17
Erin A Hazlett, Nicholas J Blair, Nicolas Fernandez, Kathryn Mascitelli, M Mercedes Perez-Rodriguez, Antonia S New, Raymond R Goetz, Marianne Goodman
UNLABELLED: Recent studies demonstrate that veterans exhibit higher suicide risk compared with the general U.S. POPULATION: A prior suicide attempt is a well-documented predictor of suicide death. Despite increased attention to clinical risk factors of suicide and efforts to develop psychosocial interventions to reduce suicide risk, the underlying biological factors that confer this risk are not well understood. This study examined affect-modulated startle (AMS) during a series of intermixed unpleasant, neutral, and pleasant pictures in a sample of 108 demographically-matched veterans at low (passive ideators: n = 26) and high risk (active ideators: n = 29; single attempters: n = 28; and multiple attempters: n = 25) for suicide based on the Columbia Suicide Severity Rating Scale...
October 2016: Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27337418/nocturnal-wakefulness-is-associated-with-next-day-suicidal-ideation-in-major-depressive-disorder-and-bipolar-disorder
#18
Elizabeth D Ballard, Jennifer L Vande Voort, Rebecca A Bernert, David A Luckenbaugh, Erica M Richards, Mark J Niciu, Maura L Furey, Wallace C Duncan, Carlos A Zarate
OBJECTIVE: Self-reported sleep disturbances may confer elevated risk for suicidal ideation, suicide attempts, and death. However, limited research has evaluated polysomnographically determined sleep disturbance as an acute physiologic risk factor for suicidal thoughts. This study sought to investigate the relationship between nocturnal wakefulness in association with next-day suicidal ideation using overnight polysomnography assessment from data collected between 2006 and 2013. METHODS: Sixty-five participants with DSM-IV-diagnosed major depressive disorder or bipolar depression underwent overnight polysomnography monitoring in a sleep laboratory...
June 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27306605/evaluating-a-multimedia-tool-for-suicide-risk-assessment-and-management-the-linehan-suicide-safety-net
#19
Melanie S Harned, Anita Lungu, Chelsey R Wilks, Marsha M Linehan
OBJECTIVE: The present study examined the usability and effectiveness of the Linehan Suicide Safety Net (LSSN), a web-based, multimedia tool designed to support clinicians working with individuals who are suicidal. The core feature of LSSN is the Linehan Risk Assessment and Management Protocol (LRAMP), an empirically derived protocol that provides a structured checklist for assessing, managing, and documenting suicide risk. METHOD: Mental health professionals (N = 44) completed assessments at baseline and monthly during a 3-month evaluation period...
June 15, 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27272643/nonsuicidal-self-injury-among-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-populations-an-integrative-review
#20
REVIEW
Kate Jackman, Judy Honig, Walter Bockting
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To conduct an integrative review of nonsuicidal self-injury among lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender populations to better understand the prevalence; to identify the lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender subgroups at increased risk for nonsuicidal self-injury; and to examine the risk factors associated with nonsuicidal self-injury among lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender populations. BACKGROUND: Nonsuicidal self-injury, defined as intentional injury to the body's surface without intent to die, is a significant mental health concern among adolescents and adults...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
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