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Documenting suicide assessment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875034/risk-factors-of-post-traumatic-stress-symptoms-in-patients-with-cancer
#1
Yu-Hua Lin, Chia-Chan Kao, Shu-Fen Wu, Shu-Ling Hung, Hsing-Yu Yang, Hong-Yu Tung
AIM AND OBJECTIVES: To determine the level of PTSS and to identify demographics, disease history, and clinical symptoms that were associated with PTSS among gynecological, breast, or colorectal cancer patients in Taiwan. BACKGROUND: Literature indicated that 7.3 % to 35.2% of patients with cancer had experienced level of post-traumatic stress symptoms (PTSS). However, the PTSS among patients with cancer in Taiwan was not documented. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801502/neurocognitive-function-and-suicide-in-u-s-army-soldiers
#2
James A Naifeh, Matthew K Nock, Robert J Ursano, Patti L Vegella, Pablo A Aliaga, Carol S Fullerton, Ronald C Kessler, Christina L Wryter, Steven G Heeringa, Murray B Stein
This prospective cohort study used administrative data from the Army Study to Assess Risk and Resilience in Servicemembers to examine associations between neurocognitive functioning and subsequent suicidal events among Regular Army enlisted soldiers during the years 2004-2009. Cases were all soldiers who completed the Army's Automated Neuropsychological Assessment Metrics (ANAM) computerized testing battery prior to documented suicide attempt (n = 607), ideation (n = 955), or death (n = 57). Controls were an equal-probability sample of 9,893 person-months from other soldiers...
November 1, 2016: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27780505/social-network-analysis-of-iranian-researchers-in-the-field-of-violence
#3
Payman Salamati, Faramarz Soheili
PURPOSE: The social network analysis (SNA) is a paradigm for analyzing structural patterns in social re- lations, testing knowledge sharing process and identifying bottlenecks of information flow. The purpose of this study was to determine the status of research in the fleld of violence in Iran using SNA. METHODS: Research population included all the papers with at least one Iranian affiliation published in violence fleld indexed in SCIE, PubMed and Scopus databases...
October 1, 2016: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770819/implementing-school-nursing-strategies-to-reduce-lgbtq-adolescent-suicide-a-randomized-cluster-trial-study-protocol
#4
Cathleen E Willging, Amy E Green, Mary M Ramos
BACKGROUND: Reducing youth suicide in the United States (U.S.) is a national public health priority, and lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer or questioning (LGBTQ) youth are at elevated risk. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) endorses six evidence-based (EB) strategies that center on meeting the needs of LGBTQ youth in schools; however, fewer than 6 % of U.S. schools implement all of them. The proposed intervention model, "RLAS" (Implementing School Nursing Strategies to Reduce LGBTQ Adolescent Suicide), builds on the Exploration, Preparation, Implementation, and Sustainment (EPIS) conceptual framework and the Dynamic Adaptation Process (DAP) to implement EB strategies in U...
October 22, 2016: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747257/the-role-of-gender-affirmation-in-psychological-well-being-among-transgender-women
#5
Tiffany R Glynn, Kristi E Gamarel, Christopher W Kahler, Mariko Iwamoto, Don Operario, Tooru Nemoto
High prevalence of psychological distress, including greater depression, lower self-esteem, and suicidal ideation, has been documented across numerous samples of transgender women and has been attributed to high rates of discrimination and violence. According to the gender affirmation framework (Sevelius, 2013), access to sources of gender-affirmative support can offset such negative psychological effects of social oppression. However, critical questions remain unanswered in regards to how and which aspects of gender affirmation are related to psychological well-being...
September 2016: Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27669996/-how-to-characterize-and-treat-sleep-complaints-in-bipolar-disorders
#6
P A Geoffroy, J-A Micoulaud Franchi, R Lopez, I Poirot, A Brion, S Royant-Parola, B Etain
OBJECTIVES: Sleep complaints are very common in bipolar disorders (BD) both during acute phases (manic and depressive episodes) and remission (about 80 % of patients with remitted BD have poor sleep quality). Sleep complaints during remission are of particular importance since they are associated with more mood relapses and worse outcomes. In this context, this review discusses the characterization and treatment of sleep complaints in BD. METHODS: We examined the international scientific literature in June 2016 and performed a literature search with PubMed electronic database using the following headings: "bipolar disorder" and ("sleep" or "insomnia" or "hypersomnia" or "circadian" or "apnoea" or "apnea" or "restless legs")...
September 23, 2016: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27649528/reporting-of-adverse-events-in-published-and-unpublished-studies-of-health-care-interventions-a-systematic-review
#7
Su Golder, Yoon K Loke, Kath Wright, Gill Norman
BACKGROUND: We performed a systematic review to assess whether we can quantify the underreporting of adverse events (AEs) in the published medical literature documenting the results of clinical trials as compared with other nonpublished sources, and whether we can measure the impact this underreporting has on systematic reviews of adverse events. METHODS AND FINDINGS: Studies were identified from 15 databases (including MEDLINE and Embase) and by handsearching, reference checking, internet searches, and contacting experts...
September 2016: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27602529/a-depression-screening-protocol-for-patients-with-acute-stroke-a-quality-improvement-project
#8
Celia McIntosh
BACKGROUND: Depression after stroke is common and is associated with poor functional recovery, suicidal ideation, decreased quality of life, and increased mortality. Despite this knowledge, poststroke depression (PSD) is often underdetected and thus undertreated. PSD is clinically important for the caregiver, the family, and the stroke survivor. Inconsistencies in screening and treatment practices may further contribute to these negative outcomes. PURPOSE: The purposes of this evidence-based clinical scholarship project were to (1) determine the efficacy of an evidence-based depression screening protocol in improving early detection and treatment of PSD and (2) identify if there were any relationships between the protocol interventions, depression scores, and diagnosis...
September 5, 2016: Journal of Neuroscience Nursing: Journal of the American Association of Neuroscience Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27573591/personality-traits-as-an-endophenotype-in-genetic-studies-on-suicidality-in-bipolar-disorder
#9
J Pawlak, M Dmitrzak-Węglarz, M Maciukiewicz, P Kapelski, P Czerski, A Leszczyńska-Rodziewicz, D Zaremba, J Hauser
: Introduction The influence of personality traits on suicidal behaviour risk has been well documented. Personality traits and suicidal behaviour are partially genetically determined and personality has been described as an endophenotype of suicidal behaviour. The aim of this study was to investigate a possible association between personality traits with suicidal behaviour and selected serotonergic gene polymorphisms. METHODS: In the study we included 156 patients meeting DSM-IV criteria for bipolar disorder (BP) and 93 healthy controls...
August 30, 2016: Acta Neuropsychiatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27571170/current-analysis-of-hangings-that-deviates-from-recently-published-studies
#10
Leigh Hlavaty, William Kasper, LokMan Sung
The constellation of injuries observed in hangings is a subject receiving frequent review in forensic pathology literature. Whereas recent studies have reported high concordance between hangings and internal findings such as strap muscle hemorrhages and hyoid bone and thyroid cartilage fractures, a 2-part study examining autopsied suicidal hangings over a 9-year period at the Wayne County Medical Examiner's Office produced markedly differing results. Retrospectively and prospectively, external and internal autopsy observations were correlated with factors such as age, sex, body height, body mass index, ligature, and height of suspension...
August 26, 2016: American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27567680/face-transplant-long-term-follow-up-and-results-of-a-prospective-open-study
#11
COMMENT
Laurent Lantieri, Philippe Grimbert, Nicolas Ortonne, Caroline Suberbielle, Dominique Bories, Salvador Gil-Vernet, Cédric Lemogne, Frank Bellivier, Jean Pascal Lefaucheur, Nathaniel Schaffer, Fréderic Martin, Jean Paul Meningaud, Pierre Wolkenstein, Mikael Hivelin
BACKGROUND: More than 30 face transplantations have been done worldwide since 2005 but no documented long-term follow-up has been reported in the literature. We aimed to answer remaining question about the long-term risks and benefits of face transplant. METHODS: In this single-centre, prospective, open study, we assessed 20 patients presenting with facial defects. Ten patients were selected, and, after three were secondarily excluded, seven were transplanted: two with neurofibromatosis 1, one with a burn, and four with self-inflicted facial gunshot injuries...
October 1, 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27476513/the-impact-of-prescription-opioids-on-all-cause-mortality-in-canada
#12
EDITORIAL
Sameer Imtiaz, Jürgen Rehm
An influential study from the United States generated considerable discussion and debate. This study documented rising morbidity and mortality in midlife among white non-Hispanic Americans in the 21st century, with clear linkages of all-cause mortality to increasing rates of poisonings, suicides and chronic liver disease deaths. All of these causes of deaths are strongly related to the use of legal and illegal substances, but the study stressed the importance of prescription opioids. Given the similarities between the United States and Canada in prescription opioid use, the assessment of similar all-cause mortality trends is relevant for Canada...
2016: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27400764/predicting-risk-of-suicide-attempt-using-history-of-physical-illnesses-from-electronic-medical-records
#13
Chandan Karmakar, Wei Luo, Truyen Tran, Michael Berk, Svetha Venkatesh
BACKGROUND: Although physical illnesses, routinely documented in electronic medical records (EMR), have been found to be a contributing factor to suicides, no automated systems use this information to predict suicide risk. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to quantify the impact of physical illnesses on suicide risk, and develop a predictive model that captures this relationship using EMR data. METHODS: We used history of physical illnesses (except chapter V: Mental and behavioral disorders) from EMR data over different time-periods to build a lookup table that contains the probability of suicide risk for each chapter of the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, 10th Revision (ICD-10) codes...
2016: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27378071/startle-amplitude-during-unpleasant-pictures-is-greater-in-veterans-with-a-history-of-multiple-suicide-attempts-and-predicts-a-future-suicide-attempt
#14
Erin A Hazlett, Nicholas J Blair, Nicolas Fernandez, Kathryn Mascitelli, M Mercedes Perez-Rodriguez, Antonia S New, Raymond R Goetz, Marianne Goodman
UNLABELLED: Recent studies demonstrate that veterans exhibit higher suicide risk compared with the general U.S. POPULATION: A prior suicide attempt is a well-documented predictor of suicide death. Despite increased attention to clinical risk factors of suicide and efforts to develop psychosocial interventions to reduce suicide risk, the underlying biological factors that confer this risk are not well understood. This study examined affect-modulated startle (AMS) during a series of intermixed unpleasant, neutral, and pleasant pictures in a sample of 108 demographically-matched veterans at low (passive ideators: n = 26) and high risk (active ideators: n = 29; single attempters: n = 28; and multiple attempters: n = 25) for suicide based on the Columbia Suicide Severity Rating Scale...
October 2016: Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27337418/nocturnal-wakefulness-is-associated-with-next-day-suicidal-ideation-in-major-depressive-disorder-and-bipolar-disorder
#15
Elizabeth D Ballard, Jennifer L Vande Voort, Rebecca A Bernert, David A Luckenbaugh, Erica M Richards, Mark J Niciu, Maura L Furey, Wallace C Duncan, Carlos A Zarate
OBJECTIVE: Self-reported sleep disturbances may confer elevated risk for suicidal ideation, suicide attempts, and death. However, limited research has evaluated polysomnographically determined sleep disturbance as an acute physiologic risk factor for suicidal thoughts. This study sought to investigate the relationship between nocturnal wakefulness in association with next-day suicidal ideation using overnight polysomnography assessment from data collected between 2006 and 2013. METHODS: Sixty-five participants with DSM-IV-diagnosed major depressive disorder or bipolar depression underwent overnight polysomnography monitoring in a sleep laboratory...
June 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27306605/evaluating-a-multimedia-tool-for-suicide-risk-assessment-and-management-the-linehan-suicide-safety-net
#16
Melanie S Harned, Anita Lungu, Chelsey R Wilks, Marsha M Linehan
OBJECTIVE: The present study examined the usability and effectiveness of the Linehan Suicide Safety Net (LSSN), a web-based, multimedia tool designed to support clinicians working with individuals who are suicidal. The core feature of LSSN is the Linehan Risk Assessment and Management Protocol (LRAMP), an empirically derived protocol that provides a structured checklist for assessing, managing, and documenting suicide risk. METHOD: Mental health professionals (N = 44) completed assessments at baseline and monthly during a 3-month evaluation period...
June 15, 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27272643/nonsuicidal-self-injury-among-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-populations-an-integrative-review
#17
Kate Jackman, Judy Honig, Walter Bockting
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To conduct an integrative review of nonsuicidal self-injury among lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender populations to better understand the prevalence; to identify the lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender subgroups at increased risk for nonsuicidal self-injury; and to examine the risk factors associated with nonsuicidal self-injury among lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender populations. BACKGROUND: Nonsuicidal self-injury, defined as intentional injury to the body's surface without intent to die, is a significant mental health concern among adolescents and adults...
June 7, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27191728/a-systematic-review-of-social-media-use-to-discuss-and-view-deliberate-self-harm-acts
#18
Michele P Dyson, Lisa Hartling, Jocelyn Shulhan, Annabritt Chisholm, Andrea Milne, Purnima Sundar, Shannon D Scott, Amanda S Newton
OBJECTIVE: To conduct a systematic review of studies of social media platforms used by young people to discuss and view deliberate self-harm. STUDY DESIGN: 11 electronic databases were searched from January 2000 to January 2012 for primary research; in June 2014 an updated search of Medline was conducted. Grey literature sources were also searched. Search results were screened by two reviewers. Data were extracted by one reviewer and verified by another. Methodological quality was assessed using the Mixed Methods Appraisal Tool...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27175215/-opening-up-the-mind-problem-solving-therapy-delivered-by-female-lay-health-workers-to-improve-access-to-evidence-based-care-for-depression-and-other-common-mental-disorders-through-the-friendship-bench-project-in-zimbabwe
#19
Melanie Abas, Tarryn Bowers, Ethel Manda, Sara Cooper, Debra Machando, Ruth Verhey, Neha Lamech, Ricardo Araya, Dixon Chibanda
BACKGROUND: There are few accounts of evidence-based interventions for depression and other common mental disorders (CMDs) in primary care in low-income countries. The Friendship Bench Project is a collaborative care mental health intervention in primary care in Harare for CMDs which began as a pilot in 2006. CASE PRESENTATION: We employed a mixture of quantitative and qualitative approaches to investigate the project's acceptability and implementation, 4-8 years after the initial pilot study...
2016: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27162112/prevalence-of-strangulation-in-survivors-of-sexual-assault-and-domestic-violence
#20
Colleen Mcquown, Jennifer Frey, Sheila Steer, Gwendolyn E Fletcher, Brett Kinkopf, Michelle Fakler, Valorie Prulhiere
OBJECTIVES: Both sexual assault (SA) survivors and domestic violence (DV) survivors are populations at risk of strangulation injury. Our goal was to identify the prevalence of strangulation in patients who are survivors of SA and DV, identify presence of lethality risk factors in intimate partner violence, and assess differences in strangulation between SA and DV populations. METHODS: We reviewed all patient encounters from our health system's SA/DV forensic nurse examiner program from 2004 to 2008...
July 2016: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
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