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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145077/stability-of-the-diagnosis-of-seasonal-affective-disorder-in-a-long-term-prospective-study
#1
Marie-Laure Cléry-Melin, Philip Gorwood, Serge Friedman, Christian Even
BACKGROUND: Seasonal affective disorder (SAD) is mainly characterized by a seasonal pattern of depressive recurrences over the years. However, few studies have been conducted on the long-term course of patients with SAD, whose findings raised questions about the diagnosis stability over time. This study aimed to better characterize the diagnosis evolution, and determine prognosis markers. METHODS: An initial cohort of 225 outpatients diagnosed as having a SAD, was assessed at baseline (T1) for clinical symptoms and response to bright light therapy...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144990/effects-of-childhood-trauma-on-cortisol-levels-in-suicide-attempters-and-ideators
#2
Daryl B O'Connor, Jessica A Green, Eamonn Ferguson, Ronan E O'Carroll, Rory C O'Connor
OBJECTIVES: Suicide is a global health issue. Dysregulated hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis activity, as measured by cortisol levels, has been identified as one potential risk factor for suicide. Recent evidence has indicated that blunted cortisol reactivity to stress is associated with suicidal behavior. The current study investigated whether childhood trauma was associated with blunted cortisol reactivity to a laboratory stressor and resting cortisol levels in suicide attempters and ideators...
November 10, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142569/prevalence-and-predictors-of-non-suicidal-self-injury-among-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#3
Bushra Akram, Mehak Batool, Zeeshan Rafi, Abrar Akram
Objectives: To find the prevalence as well as to identify the predictors as protective and risk factors of Non-Suicidal Self-Injury (NSSI) among children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Methods: In this analytical cross sectional survey 83 children with ASD age range from 8 to 18 years were selected through convenient sampling technique from five special schools of Lahore city. The Urdu form of a standardized tool was used to assess NSSI. Results: Statistical analysis indicated overall point prevalence of NSSI was 33%...
September 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141124/the-effects-of-valbenazine-in-participants-with-tardive-dyskinesia-results-of-the-1-year-kinect-3-extension-study
#4
Stewart A Factor, Gary Remington, Cynthia L Comella, Christoph U Correll, Joshua Burke, Roland Jimenez, Grace S Liang, Christopher F O'Brien
BACKGROUND: Valbenazine, a highly selective vesicular monoamine transporter 2 inhibitor, is approved for the treatment of tardive dyskinesia. This is the first report of long-term effects in adults with tardive dyskinesia. METHODS: Participants with a DSM-IV diagnosis of schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder, or a mood disorder who completed the 6-week, double-blind, placebo-controlled period of KINECT 3 were eligible to enter the 42-week valbenazine extension (VE) period and subsequent 4-week washout period...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141103/risk-profiles-of-personality-traits-for-suicidality-among-mood-disorder-patients-and-community-controls
#5
M-H Su, H-C Chen, M-L Lu, J Feng, I-M Chen, C-S Wu, S-W Chang, P-H Kuo
OBJECTIVE: To examine the associations between personality traits and suicidal ideation (SI) and attempt (SA) in mood disorder patients and community controls. METHOD: We recruited 365 bipolar, 296 major depressive disorder patients, and 315 community controls to assess their lifetime suicidality. Participants filled out self-reported personality questionnaires to collect data of personality traits, including novelty seeking (NS), harm avoidance (HA), extraversion (E), and neuroticism (N)...
November 15, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133266/mapping-suicide-mortality-in-ohio-a-spatial-epidemiological-analysis-of-suicide-clusters-and-area-level-correlates
#6
Cynthia A Fontanella, Daniel M Saman, John V Campo, Danielle L Hiance-Steelesmith, Jeffrey Bridge, Helen Anne Sweeney, Elisabeth D Root
Previous studies have investigated spatial patterning and associations of area characteristics with suicide rates in Western and Asian countries, but few have been conducted in the United States. This ecological study aims to identify high-risk clusters of suicide in Ohio and assess area level correlates of these clusters. We estimated spatially smoothed standardized mortality ratios (SMR) using Bayesian conditional autoregressive models (CAR) for the period 2004 to 2013. Spatial and spatio-temporal scan statistics were used to detect high-risk clusters of suicide at the census tract level (N=2952)...
November 10, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131992/cross-validation-of-the-personality-assessment-inventory-chronic-suicide-risk-index-s_chron-in-a-large-sample-of-offenders
#7
John F Edens, Kevin S Douglas
Recently, Sinclair et al. (2016) reported on the development of a new Personality Assessment Inventory (PAI) index designed to identify individuals with histories of multiple suicide attempts (Chronic Suicide Risk Index: S_Chron). We evaluated this new index in a sample of over 1000 criminal offenders who had been administered the PAI as part of a more extensive research project. The S_Chron meaningfully discriminated between those with multiple prior suicide attempts and those with 0-1 attempts, similar to what Sinclair et al...
November 7, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131866/association-between-mental-health-status-and-bone-mineral-density-analysis-of-the-2008-2010-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#8
Changtae Hahn, Ji Hoon Oh, Soo-Hyun Joo, Jo-Eun Jeong, Jeong-Ho Chae, Chang-Uk Lee, Tae-Suk Kim
The current study aimed to investigate the association between mental health status and bone mineral density (BMD) using data from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) 2008-2010. We enrolled 15,876 South Korean participants (4,010 postmenopausal females, 4,836 premenopausal females, and 7,016 males, all aged 20 years or older). BMD was measured using dual-energy radiography absorptiometry at the femoral neck (NK), lumbar spine (LSP), and total femur (TFM). Mental health status data were obtained from a self-report questionnaire that assessed psychological stress, depressed mood, and suicidal ideation...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131333/examining-the-characteristics-and-clinical-features-of-in-and-between-session-suicide-risk-assessments-among-psychiatric-outpatients
#9
Melanie A Hom, Ian H Stanley, Megan L Rogers, Julia L Sheffler, Katherine R Nelson, Thomas E Joiner, Elisabeth Schramm
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the characteristics of suicide risk assessments completed using the Decision Tree framework both in and between psychotherapy sessions, clinical features of patients for whom between-session assessments are indicated, and data collected across assessments. METHOD: Data were collected from 1,358 suicide risk assessments conducted with psychiatric outpatients (N = 41) at elevated suicide risk engaged in care at a psychology training clinic...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130694/initial-validation-of-brief-measures-of-suicide-risk-factors-common-data-elements-used-by-the-military-suicide-research-consortium
#10
Fallon B Ringer, Kelly A Soberay, Megan L Rogers, Christopher R Hagan, Carol Chu, Matt Schneider, Matthew C Podlogar, Tracy Witte, Jill Holm-Denoma, E Ashby Plant, Peter M Gutierrez, Thomas E Joiner
The Military Suicide Research Consortium (MSRC) developed a 57-item questionnaire assessing suicide risk factors, referred to as the Common Data Elements (CDEs), in order to facilitate data sharing and improve collaboration across independent studies. All studies funded by MSRC are required to include the CDEs in their assessment protocol. The CDEs include shortened measures of the following: current and past suicide risk, lethality and intent of past suicide attempts, hopelessness, thwarted belongingness, anxiety sensitivity, posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms, traumatic brain injury, insomnia, and alcohol abuse...
November 13, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129552/clinical-characteristics-of-suicidal-behavior-in-an-intensive-care-unit-at-a-university-hospital-in-japan-a-7-year-observational-study
#11
Takashi Takeuchi, Yasuyuki Okumura, Akihito Uezato, Toru Nishikawa
BACKGROUND: Suicidal behavior accounts for at least 40,000 admissions per year to emergency departments in Japan; however, little is known about emergency admissions owing to suicidal behavior in metropolitan areas. Therefore, we examined the clinical characteristics of suicidal behavior using psychosocial assessments performed by experienced psychiatrists in an intensive care unit. METHODS: Participants were 971 patients admitted to a university hospital's intensive care unit for suicidal behavior between July 2006 and June 2013...
November 7, 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128195/-what-support-of-young-presenting-a-first-psychotic-episode-when-schooling-is-being-challenged
#12
M-N Vacheron, H Veyrat-Masson, E Wehbe
Psychiatric disorders (more specifically mood disorders and psychosis) represent the 1st cause of disability among young people. Unemployment rate between 75 to 95% for the person with schizophrenia. It is correlated to poor social integration and bad economic status, worse symptomatology loss of autonomy as well as global bad functioning. It is responsible of more than half of the overall cost of psychosis. The onset of most of psychiatric disorders occur between the age of 25 and 35 years old, a critical time in young adult life when they should build their professional as well as social future...
November 8, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126365/suicidal-ideation-suicide-attempts-and-psychological-distress-among-intoxicated-adolescents-in-the-pediatric-emergency-department
#13
Varpu Puuskari, Terhi Aalto-Setälä, Erkki Komulainen, Mauri Marttunen
BACKGROUND: Studies have emphasized screening for psychiatric disorders, especially suicide risk in emergency departments. Psychiatric disorders and experimentation with alcohol increase in adolescence and intoxications among patients challenge the staff in emergency departments. AIMS: This study examined the degree of suicidal ideation (SI) and suicidal behavior in adolescents, and the extent to which they differed from non-suicidal patients in terms of alcohol use, psychological distress, self-esteem, and perceived social support...
November 10, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125997/non-suicidal-self-injury-emotional-eating-and-insomnia-after-child-sexual-abuse-are-those-symptoms-related-to-emotion-regulation
#14
Esra Demirci
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this article was to assess the effects of child sexual abuse (CSA) on emotion regulation (ER) in adolescents and to evaluate the relationships between non suicidal self-injury (NSSI), emotional eating, insomnia and emotion disregulation (ED). METHOD: Fifty two adolescents, aged 10-18 years, without who weren't diagnosed a psychiatric disease before abuse and completed 6-months of follow-up after abuse included the study. Control group consisted of 33 healthy voluntary participants without any known psychiatric disorders...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125969/psychiatric-comorbidities-and-suicidality-among-patients-with-neuromyelitis-optica-spectrum-disorders-in-argentina
#15
V C Fernández, N Alonso, L Melamud, A M Villa
BACKGROUND: Neuromyelitis optica is a relapsing inflammatory, secondarily demyelinating astrocytopathy that most commonly affects the optic nerves and the spinal cord. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the psychopathological profile, presence of current depression, and suicidality in patients with neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders (NMOSD) in an Argentinean cohort, and compare these parameters to those in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) and in healthy controls (HCs)...
November 7, 2017: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123596/a-scoping-review-of-community-pharmacists-and-patients-at-risk-of-suicide
#16
REVIEW
Andrea Lynn Murphy, Katelyn Hillier, Randa Ataya, Pierre Thabet, Anne Marie Whelan, Claire O'Reilly, David Gardner
Background: Medications are commonly used in suicide attempts. Pharmacists are inextricably linked to medications and may have roles in helping those at risk of suicide. We conducted a scoping review to characterize the existing literature and make recommendations about future research. Methods: We used a 6-step approach based on an existing scoping review methodological framework, including identifying the research question; identifying relevant studies and other literature; study and literature selection; data charting; collating, summarizing and reporting results; and dissemination of results...
November 2017: Canadian Pharmacists Journal: CPJ, Revue des Pharmaciens du Canada: RPC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122573/cause-specific-life-years-lost-in-people-with-mental-disorders-a-nationwide-register-based-cohort-study
#17
Annette Erlangsen, Per Kragh Andersen, Anita Toender, Thomas Munk Laursen, Merete Nordentoft, Vladimir Canudas-Romo
BACKGROUND: People with mental disorders have higher mortality rates than the general population and more detailed estimates of mortality differences are needed to address this public health issue. We aimed to assess whether differences in cause-specific mortality between people with and without mental disorders have changed between 1995 and 2014 by quantifying life-years lost and assessing differences over time. METHODS: Using a cohort design, we linked nationwide population data from the Danish Civil Registration System to information about hospital contacts from the Psychiatric Central Research Register and deaths from the Danish Cause of Death register...
November 6, 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120269/the-association-between-racial-discrimination-and-suicidality-among-african-american-adolescents-and-young-adults
#18
Suraj Arshanapally, Kimberly B Werner, Carolyn E Sartor, Kathleen K Bucholz
OBJECTIVES: This study assessed the association between racial discrimination and suicidality (ideation, plan, or attempt) in African American adolescents and young adults (n = 806, mean age = 17.9 years). METHODS: Structured psychiatric phone interviews were conducted in offspring and their mothers in a high-risk alcoholism family study. RESULTS: Logistic regression analyses using offspring own racial discrimination as a predictor revealed elevated odds of suicidality, even after adjusting for correlated psychiatric conditions (OR = 1...
November 9, 2017: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119644/suicide-amongst-people-with-intellectual-disability-an-australian-online-study-of-disability-support-staff-experiences-and-perceptions
#19
S Wark, K McKay, P Ryan, A Müller
BACKGROUND: Individuals with intellectual disability (ID) have a higher likelihood of exposure to identified risk factors for suicide when compared with the general community and have been recognised as being both capable of forming intent for suicide and acting on this intent. However, in spite of research outlining these concerns from the 1970s, there remains a dearth of studies that examine suicide amongst the population of people with ID. METHOD: An online cross-sectional survey was purposively developed, with questions aimed at identifying both the experiences and current practices of support staff who assist people with ID in relation to suicide, suicidal behaviour and suicide assessment...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117049/trauma-leadership-strategies-to-prevent-and-reduce-burnout-in-urban-academic-trauma-centers
#20
Melissa S Hockaday
The incidence of burnout syndrome is increasing among all health care disciplines. The core members of the trauma team in high-performing trauma centers are the greatest risk. It is the responsibility of trauma leadership to raise awareness of risk factors, implement standardized assessment tools, and develop strategies to mitigate burnout in employees. The consequences of burnout are devastating to providers' well-being as well as patient safety. Burnout can lead to increased risk of anxiety, depression, substance abuse, and suicide among team members...
November 2017: Journal of Trauma Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Trauma Nurses
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