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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806734/mental-health-among-single-and-partnered-parents-in-south-korea
#1
Kyoung Ae Kong, Hee Yeon Choi, Soo In Kim
OBJECTIVE: This study compares the mental health of single parents relative to partnered parents and assesses the contribution of the social and demographic factors to this difference, examining the gender difference in it. METHODS: We analyzed 12,024 single and partnered subjects, aged 30-59 years, living with children, aged 0-19 years, drawn from the 4th, 5th, and 6th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) dataset in South Korea conducted from 2007-2013...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806233/enhancing-key-competencies-of-health-professionals-in-the-assessment-and-care-of-adults-at-risk-of-suicide-through-education-and-technology
#2
Kathryn Ryan, Claudia Tindall, Gillian Strudwick
PURPOSE: This article describes efforts undertaken to improve the clinical competencies of health professionals in the area of suicide risk assessment, documentation, and care planning. DESCRIPTION OF THE PROJECT: Best practices that fit the mental health and addictions setting were identified from the Registered Nurses' Association of Ontario Best Practice Guideline on Assessment and Care of Adults at Risk for Suicidal Ideation and Behaviour. A variety of methods were used to implement the guidelines at the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health in Toronto, Ontario, Canada...
September 2017: Clinical Nurse Specialist CNS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805169/the-prevalence-of-suicidal-thoughts-and-behaviours-among-college-students-a-meta-analysis
#3
P Mortier, P Cuijpers, G Kiekens, R P Auerbach, K Demyttenaere, J G Green, R C Kessler, M K Nock, R Bruffaerts
BACKGROUND: Adolescence and young adulthood carry risk for suicidal thoughts and behaviours (STB). An increasing subpopulation of young people consists of college students. STB prevalence estimates among college students vary widely, precluding a validated point of reference. In addition, little is known on predictors for between-study heterogeneity in STB prevalence. METHODS: A systematic literature search identified 36 college student samples that were assessed for STB outcomes, representing a total of 634 662 students [median sample size = 2082 (IQR 353-5200); median response rate = 74% (IQR 37-89%)]...
August 14, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805152/comparing-the-prevalence-and-the-risk-profile-for-antenatal-depressive-symptoms-across-cultures
#4
Irene E Corbani, Paola Rucci, Elena Iapichino, Marta Quartieri Bollani, Gilla Cauli, Mara R Ceruti, Costanzo Gala, Mariano Bassi
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Although several studies have analyzed the risk factors of antenatal and post-partum depression, evidence on the prevalence and the risk profile for antenatal depressive symptoms (ADS) between native-born and different groups of non-native born women living in the same country is scant. The aim of this article is to compare the prevalence and the risk profile for ADS across geographical areas in women recruited from two large hospitals of North-western Italy. METHOD: The presence of ADS was defined as an Edinburgh Post-natal Depression Scale (EPDS) score ≥12 or a Beck Depression Inventory, Short Form (BDI-SF) score ≥9 or the presence of suicidal ideation/behavior...
August 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801423/comparative-efficacy-and-acceptability-of-antidepressants-psychological-interventions-and-their-combination-for-depressive-disorder-in-children-and-adolescents-protocol-for-a-network-meta-analysis
#5
Xinyu Zhou, Andrea Cipriani, Yuqing Zhang, Pim Cuijpers, Sarah E Hetrick, John R Weisz, Juncai Pu, Cinzia Del Giovane, Toshiaki A Furukawa, Jürgen Barth, David Coghill, Stefan Leucht, Lining Yang, Arun V Ravindran, Peng Xie
INTRODUCTION: Depressive disorder is common in children and adolescents, with important consequences and serious impairments in terms of personal and social functioning. While both pharmacological and psychological interventions have been shown to be effective, there is still uncertainty about the balance between these and what treatment strategy should be preferred in clinical practice. Therefore, we aim to compare and rank in a network meta-analysis (NMA) the commonly used psychological, pharmacological and combined interventions for depressive disorder in children and adolescents...
August 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800809/legal-and-ethical-challenges-in-emergency-psychiatry-part-2-management-of-inmates
#6
REVIEW
Andrew Foote, Britta Ostermeyer
Psychiatrists and clinicians encounter unique situations, challenges, and requirements in the treatment of jail and prison inmates in the emergency department. This article reviews the historical legal highlights pertaining to medical and psychiatric care of inpatients, as well as the professional, ethical, and legal aspects that allow clinicians to evaluate, treat, and properly disposition their inmate patients. In particular, this article discusses the specific suicide risk factors related to inmates and correctional facilities that should be ascertained and managed in a clinician's suicide risk assessment and intervention planning in this special high suicide risk patient population...
September 2017: Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800802/special-considerations-in-the-pediatric-psychiatric-population
#7
REVIEW
Genevieve Santillanes, Ruth S Gerson
Youth with psychiatric and behavioral complaints commonly present to emergency departments (EDs), which often lack dedicated mental health staff. This article addresses techniques EDs can use to better care for children in need of psychiatric assessment and medical clearance, specifically addressing the evaluation of youth with suicidal ideation and coexisting medical and psychiatric needs. The evaluation and management of youth with agitation and aggression are also discussed. The article concludes with a discussion of systems changes needed to truly improve emergency care for psychiatrically ill youth...
September 2017: Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800795/evaluation-of-depression-and-suicidal-patients-in-the-emergency-room
#8
REVIEW
Shana Coshal, John Saunders, Anu A Matorin, Asim A Shah
Depression is the leading cause of disability globally, and more than one-half of those suffering with depression are not receiving effective treatment. Untreated or undertreated depression poses a significant risk for suicide. Suicide is the 10th leading cause of death in the United States. The emergency room provides an essential opportunity to screen for depression as well as suicide and to provide important and evidence-based interventions. The Basic Suicide Assessment Five-step Evaluation (B-SAFE) model provides a structure for all physicians to assess suicide risk and intervene...
September 2017: Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797954/attachment-style-and-suicide-behaviors-in-high-risk-psychiatric-inpatients-following-hospital-discharge-the-mediating-role-of-entrapment
#9
Shuang Li, Igor I Galynker, Jessica Briggs, Molly Duffy, Anna Frechette-Hagan, Hae-Joon Kim, Lisa J Cohen, Zimri S Yaseen
Insecure attachment is associated with suicidal behavior. This relationship and its possible mediators have not been examined in high-risk psychiatric inpatients with respect to the critical high-risk period following hospital discharge. Attachment styles and perception of entrapment were assessed in 200 high-risk adult psychiatric inpatients hospitalized following suicidal ideation or suicide attempt. Suicidal behaviors were evaluated with the Columbia Suicide Severity Rating Scale at 1-2 months post-discharge...
August 2, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797526/psychotic-experiences-and-disability-findings-from-the-collaborative-psychiatric-epidemiology-surveys
#10
Hans Oh, Ai Koyanagi, Ian Kelleher, Jordan DeVylder
Psychotic experiences are associated with a number of poor clinical outcomes, including multimorbid psychopathology, suicidal behavior, and poor treatment response. We wished to investigate the relationship between psychotic experiences and disability, including the following domains: cognition, mobility, self-care, social interaction, role functioning, and days out of role. We used three nationally representative and racially/ethnically diverse samples of the general US adult population: the National Comorbidity Survey Replication (NCS-R), the National Latino and Asian American Survey (NLAAS), and the National Survey of American Life (NSAL)...
August 7, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796982/-causes-of-death-in-children-and-adolescents-aged-1-19-in-poland-in-the-light-of-international-statistics-since-2000
#11
Joanna Mazur, Marta Malinowska-Cieślik, Anna Oblacińska
BACKGROUND: Analyses of children and young people mortality continue to be an important component of health monitoring of this population. Such analyses provide the basis to assess the overall trends, the structure of the causes of death over longer periods, and the differences between Poland and other countries. PURPOSE: The purpose of the current study is to present the current status and the direction of changes since 2000 with regard to the level and underlying causes of mortality in children and adolescents aged 1-19 years in Poland on the background of statistics for leading European countries...
2017: Developmental Period Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795763/determinants-of-psychosocial-health-in-psoriatic-patients-a-multi-national-study
#12
Karolina Lesner, Adam Reich, Jacek C Szepietowski, Florence J Dalgard, Uwe Gieler, Lucía Tomas-Aragones, Lars Lien, Françoise Poot, Gregor B Jemec, Laurent Misery, Csanád Szabó, Dennis Linder, Francesca Sampogna, Andrea W M Evers, Jon Anders Halvorsen, Flora Balieva, Andrey Lvov, Servando E Marron, Ilknur K Altunay, Andrew Y Finlay, Sam S Salek, Jörg Kupfer
There are limited data on the differences in the impact of psoriasis between various countries with respect to quality of life (QoL). The aim of this study was to explore the psychosocial health of patients with psoriasis in different European countries. A total of 682 patients were recruited in 13 European countries. All patients completed a questionnaire regarding socio-demographic information, negative life events, suicidal ideation and satisfaction with their dermatologist. Depression and anxiety were assessed with the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), and QoL with the Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI) and EuroQoL (EQ-5D)...
August 10, 2017: Acta Dermato-venereologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794524/an-analysis-of-the-predictors-of-mortality-and-morbidity-in-patients-admitted-after-suicidal-hanging-to-an-indian-multidisciplinary-intensive-care-unit
#13
M K Renuka, M S Kalaiselvan, A S Arunkumar
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Hanging is a frequently used method to attempt suicide in India. There is a lack of data in the Indian population regarding clinical features and outcomes of suicidal hanging. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the factors affecting mortality and morbidity in patients admitted with suicidal hanging to the Intensive Care Unit (ICU). METHODS: A 6-year retrospective study of adult patients admitted to the ICU with suicidal hanging was analysed for demographics, mode of hanging, lead time to emergency room (ER) admission, clinical presentation, Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II (APACHE II) and Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) scores, admission Glasgow coma scale (GCS) and neurological outcomes...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794489/spatiotemporal-suicide-risk-in-germany-a-longitudinal-study-2007-11
#14
Marco Helbich, Paul L Plener, Sebastian Hartung, Victor Blüml
Despite comprehensive prevention programs in Germany, suicide has been on the rise again since 2007. The underlying reasons and spatiotemporal risk patterns are poorly understood. We assessed the spatiotemporal risk of suicide per district attributable to multiple risk and protective factors longitudinally for the period 2007-11. Bayesian space-time regression models were fitted. The nationwide temporal trend showed an increase in relative risk (RR) of dying from suicide (RR 1.008, 95% credibility intervals (CI) 1...
August 9, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791986/associations-between-intimate-partner-violence-depression-and-suicidal-behavior-among-women-attending-antenatal-and-general-outpatients-hospital-services-in-thailand
#15
K Peltzer, S Pengpid
BACKGROUND: Battered women are exposed to multiple types and different severity of intimate partner abuse, however, little is known about the relationship between severity and different types of intimate partner violence (IPV) (physical, sexual, psychological, and danger) and symptoms of depression and suicidal behavior in a sample of women attending antenatal care or general outpatient hospital services in Thailand. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among adult women who were consecutively sampled and screened for IPV in antenatal care and general outpatient clinics in nine randomly selected hospitals in two provinces in the central region...
July 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791887/anxiety-sensitivity-moderates-the-painful-effects-of-feeling-burdensome-to-others
#16
Angie S LeRoy, Qian Lu, Michael J Zvolensky, Jeffrey Ramirez, Christopher P Fagundes
Perceived burdensomeness (PB), the perception of being a burden to others, is associated with pain and physical symptoms. Anxiety sensitivity (AS), the fear of arousal-related sensations, arising from beliefs that the sensations may have adverse personal consequences (physical, cognitive, and social), may increase risk for pain responding, particularly in anxiety-provoking (e.g. socially threatening) contexts. Accordingly, individuals high in AS may have a stronger pain response when experiencing PB than those low in AS...
August 9, 2017: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789569/adaptation-of-the-beck-hopelessness-scale-as-a-suicide-risk-screening-tool-among-nigerian-patients-with-schizophrenia
#17
Olutayo Aloba, Olufemi Esan, Taiwo Alimi
OBJECTIVES: We examined the adaptation of the Beck Hopelessness Scale (BHS) as a subjective suicide risk assessment tool in detecting Nigerian patients with schizophrenia who are at a high risk of suicide. METHODS: Schizophrenia patients (211) completed the BHS in addition to a socio-demographic questionnaire. They were objectively interviewed with the Suicidality module of the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI) as the 'gold standard', against which the criterion validity of the BHS was examined...
August 9, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783575/religious-beliefs-buffer-the-impact-of-depression-on-suicide-ideation
#18
Tobias Teismann, Ulrike Willutzki, Johannes Michalak, Paula Siegmann, Peter Nyhuis, Marcus Wolter, Thomas Forkmann
Depression and suicide ideation co-occur regularly. The present study investigated whether religious beliefs, i.e. trust in higher guidance, buffers the association between depression and suicide ideation. A total of 427 participants (n = 93 inpatients, n = 334 online sample) completed measures of suicide ideation, trust in higher guidance, and depression. Trust in higher guidance moderated the impact of depression on suicide ideation. Trust in higher guidance seems to confer resilience and should be taken into account when assessing individuals for suicide risk...
July 30, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782489/neural-correlates-in-patients-with-major-affective-disorders-an-fmri-study
#19
Maurizio Pompili
Brain areas of functional activation during emotional stimuli and their correlations with affective temperaments evaluated using Temperament Evaluation of Memphis, Pisa, Paris and San Diego (TEMPS-A) and hopelessness levels assessed with Beck Hopelessness Scale (BHS) have been investigated. Brain activity in response to emotional stimuli was examined by Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Blood Oxygen Level Dependent (NMR BOLD) signal. Seventeen subjects (mean age ± SD = 57 ± 12), diagnosed with major affective disorders and eighteen healthy controls (HC) (mean age ± SD = 50±11) participated in this study...
August 3, 2017: CNS & Neurological Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782126/independent-effects-of-mental-disorders-on-suicidal-behavior-in-the-community
#20
Philip J Batterham, Alison L Calear, Helen Christensen, Natacha Carragher, Matthew Sunderland
This study assessed the independent contributions of nine common mental disorders on suicide ideation and suicide attempt. A community-based survey of Australian adults (N = 3,175) was conducted to identify common mental disorders associated with recent suicide attempt. Nine disorders were assessed using DSM-5 clinical criteria. Logistic regression models indicated that all disorders were significantly and independently associated with suicide ideation. However, only obsessive-compulsive disorder and posttraumatic stress disorder were significantly associated with suicide attempt among participants with ideation, independently of other disorders (OR = 2...
August 7, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
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