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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461383/evaluating-nurse-practitioners-perceived-knowledge-competence-and-comfort-level-in-caring-for-the-sexually-abused-child
#1
Janice Ceccucci
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this project was to evaluate nurse practitioners' (NPs') current approach and self-reported competence in the care of the sexually abused child in the primary care setting. METHODS: A 50-question survey was distributed to 5,734 NPs who were members of a state nursing organization and nursing alumni. Inclusion criteria included NPs caring for pediatric patients in a primary care setting in New York State. RESULTS: A total of N = 325 responses were obtained, and 110 participants met the inclusion criteria...
January 2018: Journal of Forensic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447893/iphone-otoscopes-currently-available-but-reliable-for-tele-otoscopy-in-the-hands-of-parents
#2
Manan Udayan Shah, Maheep Sohal, Tulio A Valdez, Christopher R Grindle
OBJECTIVES: Tele-otoscopy has been validated for tympanostomy surveillance and remote diagnosis when images are recorded by trained professionals. The CellScope iPhone Otoscope is a device that may be used for tele-otoscopy and it enables parents to record their children's ear examinations and send the films for remote physician diagnosis. This study aims to determine the ability to diagnose, and the reliability of the diagnosis when utilizing video exams obtained by a parent versus video exams obtained by an otolaryngologist...
March 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426831/cardiovascular-risk-factors-and-subclinical-organ-damage-after-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-in-pediatric-age
#3
Bianca Borchert-Mörlins, Nima Memaran, Martin Sauer, Britta Maecker-Kolhoff, Karl-Walter Sykora, Ricarda Blöte, Elena Bauer, Bernhard M W Schmidt, Anette Melk, Rita Beier
Advances in allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) in malignant and non-malignant diseases result in more long-term survivors, in whom cardiovascular (CV) disease is one leading non-cancer cause of death. This study aimed to evaluate risk factors and subclinical CV organ damage in survivors after HSCT in pediatric age. We enrolled 64 children in a cross-sectional approach 3.3 ± 3.1 years after HSCT. Anthropometric data, laboratory values, office and 24-h ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) were evaluated, showing a high prevalence of obesity, hypertension and dyslipidemia...
February 9, 2018: Bone Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424406/-tribute-to-the-teachers-cora-mayers-glehy-and-alfredo-demar%C3%A3-a-andreani
#4
Carlos G Osorio
Dr. Cora Mayers Glehy, was the director of the Nursing School, head of the Department of Health Education of the General Health Office, a founding member of the Pediatric Society and Dr. Alfredo Demaría Andreani, was a prominent student leader, first sanitarian graduated in the University of John Hopkins, director of Health, professor of the Chair of Hygiene and Preventive Medicine. Both were brilliant academics of the Faculty of Medicine of the University of Chile in the early 1930's and great achievements were expected from them by the medical and university community...
September 2017: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29401074/the-economic-burden-of-musculoskeletal-disease-in-children-and-adolescents-in-the-united-states
#5
Scott B Rosenfeld, Katherine Schroeder, Sylvia I Watkins-Castillo
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal conditions are among the most common and costly conditions suffered by Americans. In 2011, there was an estimated $213 billion in annual cost of direct treatment for and lost wages due to musculoskeletal disease in the United States. Data on economic burden, however, comes mostly from the adult population, with significantly less information regarding the burden of these conditions in young patients available. The purpose of this report is to provide data on the economic burden of musculoskeletal diseases in children and adolescents in the United States...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29384110/systematic-investigation-for-underlying-causes-of-recurrent-infections-in-children-surveillance-of-primary-immunodeficiency
#6
S Yousefzadegan, M Tavakol, H Abolhassani, A Nadjafi, S Mansouri, R Yazdani, G Azizi, B Negahdari, N Rezaei, A Aghamohammadi
Recurrent infections seem to be a common complaint in children who are referred to general practitioners and pediatricians offices. Detection of primary immunodeficiencies (PID) etiology is very important for achieving appropriate diagnosis and treatment of these patients. The absence of appropriate treatment could lead to subsequent complications, in a hospital inpatient and/or outpatient settings. This study was performed in a group of children with recurrent infections to identify patients with underlying PID...
November 21, 2017: European Annals of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29378579/provider-views-on-childhood-obesity-management-in-primary-care-settings-a-mixed-methods-analysis
#7
Kyung E Rhee, Stephanie Kessl, Sarah Lindback, Marshall Littman, Robert E El-Kareh
BACKGROUND: Pediatric providers are key players in the treatment of childhood obesity, yet rates of obesity management in the primary care setting are low. The goal of this study was to examine the views of pediatric providers on conducting obesity management in the primary care setting, and identify potential resources and care models that could facilitate delivery of this care. METHODS: A mixed methods approach was utilized. Four focus groups were conducted with providers from a large pediatric network in San Diego County...
January 30, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29361391/breastfeeding-practices-and-opinions-of-latina-mothers-in-an-urban-pediatric-office-a-focus-group-study
#8
Elizabeth Sloand, Victoria Lowe, Amy Pennington, Linda Rose
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this qualitative study was to explore beliefs about breastfeeding among Latina mothers. The focus groups were part of a sequential mixed methods study. METHODS: Two focus groups were conducted. Participants were Spanish-speaking mothers with infants younger than 12 months. Focus groups were conducted in Spanish and audiorecorded. The researchers performed open coding of the data, compared and converged codes, and identified common themes and relationships among the themes...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29358481/pediatricians-and-public-health-optimizing-the-health-and-well-being-of-the-nation-s-children
#9
Alice A Kuo, Pauline A Thomas, Lance A Chilton, Laurene Mascola
Ensuring optimal health for children requires a population-based approach and collaboration between pediatrics and public health. The prevention of major threats to children's health (such as behavioral health issues) and the control and management of chronic diseases, obesity, injury, communicable diseases, and other problems cannot be managed solely in the pediatric office. The integration of clinical practice with public health actions is necessary for multiple levels of disease prevention that involve the child, family, and community...
January 22, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350365/characteristics-of-pediatric-and-adult-cases-with-open-globe-injury-and-factors-affecting-visual-outcomes-a-retrospective-analysis-of-294-cases-from-turkey
#10
Işıl Kutlutürk Karagöz, Esin Söğütlü Sarı, Anıl Kubaloğlu, Ahmet Elbay, Ümit Çallı, David P Pinero, Yusuf Özertürk, Titap Yazıcıoğlu
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate 1-year follow-up results of cases that were diagnosed with open globe injury (OGI), to compare trauma-related characteristics between pediatric and adult cases, and to determine risk factors for a poor final visual acuity. METHODS: This study enrolled 294 cases that met the OGI definition and were followed up for at least 1 year. Demographic and clinical features regarding ocular trauma were recorded. The cases were divided into two groups according to age: pediatric (≤16 years) and adult (>16 years) groups...
January 2018: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335008/multi-omics-differentially-classify-disease-state-and-treatment-outcome-in-pediatric-crohn-s-disease
#11
Gavin M Douglas, Richard Hansen, Casey M A Jones, Katherine A Dunn, André M Comeau, Joseph P Bielawski, Rachel Tayler, Emad M El-Omar, Richard K Russell, Georgina L Hold, Morgan G I Langille, Johan Van Limbergen
BACKGROUND: Crohn's disease (CD) has an unclear etiology, but there is growing evidence of a direct link with a dysbiotic microbiome. Many gut microbes have previously been associated with CD, but these have mainly been confounded with patients' ongoing treatments. Additionally, most analyses of CD patients' microbiomes have focused on microbes in stool samples, which yield different insights than profiling biopsy samples. RESULTS: We sequenced the 16S rRNA gene (16S) and carried out shotgun metagenomics (MGS) from the intestinal biopsies of 20 treatment-naïve CD and 20 control pediatric patients...
January 15, 2018: Microbiome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333825/6-minutes
#12
Pablo R Justich Zabala
At present, there is a trend towards reducing the duration of office visits. In some regions of Spain, it has been set at 6 minutes per patient. This impacts on several levels: literally, many times it is impossible to complete the medical act; at an emotional level, because there is little possibility to establish an adequate doctor-patient relationship; and symbolically, for considering that the main aspects of humane health care are expendable. This takes place in a society that tends to see health care as a merchandise subject to market rules that gives priority to the immediate over the important...
February 1, 2018: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329727/parent-activation-in-the-pediatric-emergency-department-theory-vs-reality
#13
Danica B Liberman, Phung K Pham
OBJECTIVE: To measure parent activation and test for its associations with sociodemographics, clinical factors, and short-term outcomes. METHODS: By convenience sampling, 246 parents of children treated in an emergency department (ED) of a children's hospital completed the Parent-Patient Activation Measure (P-PAM) and answered sociodemographic questions. Clinical information was abstracted from medical records. Phone calls to parents and primary care physician offices were conducted within one-month post-ED visit for information about short-term outcomes...
January 8, 2018: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329492/failure-to-confirm-high-blood-pressures-in-pediatric-care-quantifying-the-risks-of-misclassification
#14
Corinna Koebnick, Yasmina Mohan, Xia Li, Amy H Porter, Matthew F Daley, Gang Luo, Beatriz D Kuizon
Pediatric practice guidelines call for repeating an elevated office blood pressure (BP) at the same visit, but there are few data available to support this recommendation. We compared the visit results in children aged 3 to 17 years with a BP reading ≥95th percentile (n = 186 732) based on the initial BP and the mean of two BP readings, using electronic medical records from 2012-2015. Failure to repeat an initial BP reading ≥95th percentile would lead to a false "hypertensive" visit result in 54.1% of children who would require follow-up visits...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324477/assuring-quality-for-non-hospital-based-biologic-infusions-in-pediatric-inflammatory-bowel-disease-a-clinical-report-from-the-north-american-society-for-pediatric-gastroenterology-hepatology-and-nutrition
#15
Elaine Barfield, Robbyn Sockolow, Edward Hoffenberg, Shehzad Saeed, Sandra Kim, Leah Siebold, Joseph Picoraro, Jonathan Moses, Dana Dykes, Andrew Grossman, Ghassan Wahbeh, K T Park
The primary aim of this Clinical Report by the North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition is to provide formal guidance to pediatric gastroenterologists and clinicians, health systems, and insurance payers regarding home- and office-based infusions for biologic therapies in pediatric inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Patients in North America are increasingly denied coverage by payers based on "place of service" codes at hospital-based infusion units where the treating clinicians primarily provide care...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323688/preventing-hiv-infection-what-pediatricians-should-know-about-hiv-pre-exposure-prophylaxis
#16
Sabrina Fernandez
I recently diagnosed my first adolescent patient with new-onset HIV. As a primary care pediatrician, these cases are rare. I cried with the shock of the initial diagnosis, just as the patient did when I told him. One of my first thoughts was how could I have served him better. He had been inconsistent with condom use, and had several partners. I had encouraged safe sex practices, told him to talk to his partners about pregnancy prevention, and screened for sexually transmitted disease nearly every time he came into my office...
January 1, 2018: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313458/clinician-perspectives-on-strategies-to-improve-patient-maternal-immunization-acceptability-in-obstetrics-and-gynecology-practice-settings
#17
Paula M Frew, Laura A Randall, Fauzia Malik, Rupali Lamaye, Andrew Wilson, Sean T O'Leary, Daniel Salmon, Meghan Donnelly, Kevin Ault, Matthew Z Dudley, Vincent L Fenimore, Saad B Omer
Pregnancy is an ideal time to communicate with women about vaccines for themselves and their infants, yet maternal immunization rates remain suboptimal. This study aimed to identify clinic, provider, and staff-related attributes and facilitators to be utilized for a comprehensive vaccine intervention in ob-gyn clinical settings. We conducted in-depth interviews with 24 providers, both healthcare providers (e.g., physicians, nurse practitioners, midwives) and practice managers, from urban and suburban ob-gyn practices in Georgia and Colorado about their immunization attitudes, practices, and patient experiences...
January 9, 2018: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302896/comparison-of-the-accuracy-of-noninvasive-hemoglobin-monitoring-for-preoperative-evaluation-between-adult-and-pediatric-patients-a-retrospective-study
#18
Yong-Hee Park, Seho Lim, Hyun Kang, Hwa-Yong Shin, Chong Wha Baek, Young Cheol Woo
We measured noninvasive hemoglobin (SpHb) levels during the pre-anesthesia visit in patients planning elective surgery. Differences between SpHb and laboratory-measured hemoglobin (Hblab) were compared between adult and pediatric patients. In the pre-anesthesia visiting office, we routinely monitor noninvasive Hb levels with oxygen saturation and heart rate using Masimo Radical-7® Pulse CO-Oximetry (Masimo Corp., Irvine, CA, USA). We attached the R1 20 (body weight, 10-50 kg) or R1 25 (body weight > 30 kg) probe on the index finger...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273623/increased-medicaid-payment-and-participation-by-office-based-primary-care-pediatricians
#19
Suk-Fong S Tang, Mark L Hudak, Dennis M Cooley, Budd N Shenkin, Andrew D Racine
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Whether the Medicaid primary care payment increase of 2013 to 2014 changed physician participation remains unanswered amid conflicting evidence. In this study, we assess national and state-level changes in Medicaid participation by office-based primary care pediatricians before and after the payment increase. METHODS: Using bivariate statistical analysis, we compared survey data collected from 2011 to 2012 and 2015 to 2016 by the American Academy of Pediatrics from state-stratified random samples of pediatrician members...
December 22, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260883/the-quality-of-life-of-children-under-chiropractic-care-using-promis-25-results-from-a-practice-based-research-network
#20
Joel Alcantara, Andrea E Lamont, Jeanne Ohm, Junjoe Alcantara
OBJECTIVES: To characterize pediatric chiropractic and assess pediatric quality of life (QoL). DESIGN: A prospective cohort. Setting/Locations: Individual offices within a practice-based research network located throughout the United States. SUBJECTS: A convenience sample of children (8-17 years) under chiropractic care and their parents. EXPOSURE: Chiropractic spinal adjustments and adjunctive therapies. OUTCOME MEASURES: Survey instrument measuring sociodemographic information and correlates from the clinical encounter along with the Patient Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS)-25 to measure QoL (i...
December 20, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
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