keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

thoracic epidural

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777885/posttraumatic-cerebrospinal-fluid-leak-associated-with-an-upper-cervical-meningeal-diverticulum
#1
Noriya Enomoto, Hideo Mure, Toshiyuki Okazaki, Mai Azumi, Shinya Okita, Shinji Nagahiro, Yasushi Takagi
Spontaneous intracranial hypotension (SIH) has been increasingly recognized as a phenomenon caused by cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leaks; however, its pathogenesis is still unclear. Here, we report two cases of SIH as a result of CSF leak from a meningeal diverticulum at the C2 nerve root sleeve. The first case is that of a 46-year-old man who had suffered from orthostatic headache after a bicycle accident at age 45. Computed tomography (CT) myelography revealed CSF leaks at the C1/2 level. He underwent epidural blood patch (EBP) therapy, but it was unsuccessful...
May 16, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754733/assessing-the-benefits-of-preoperative-thoracic-epidural-placement-for-lung-transplantation
#2
Sean R McLean, Peter von Homeyer, Aaron Cheng, Michael L Hall, Michael S Mulligan, Kevin Cain, Kei Togashi
OBJECTIVE: The authors investigated the effect of preoperative thoracic epidural (PreTE) catheter placement versus not placing a preoperative thoracic epidural catheter (NoPreTE) on the duration of postoperative ventilation time, time to become coherent (measured as time to become Confusion Assessment Method-intensive care unit [ICU] negative), opioid consumption, ICU length of stay (LOS), and hospital LOS. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort design. SETTING: Single institution, university hospital...
April 3, 2018: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750691/propensity-score-methods-theory-and-practice-for-anesthesia-research
#3
Phillip J Schulte, Edward J Mascha
Observational data are often readily available or less costly to obtain than conducting a randomized controlled trial. With observational data, investigators may statistically evaluate the relationship between a treatment or therapy and outcomes. However, inherent in observational data is the potential for confounding arising from the nonrandom assignment of treatment. In this statistical grand rounds, we describe the use of propensity score methods (ie, using the probability of receiving treatment given covariates) to reduce bias due to measured confounders in anesthesia and perioperative medicine research...
May 9, 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745733/anterior-cervical-approach-for-the-treatment-of-axial-or-high-thoracic-levels
#4
Ran Harel, Maya Nulman, Zvi R Cohen, Nachshon Knoller
PURPOSE: Application of the anterior sub-axial cervical approach to the axial spine or the high thoracic spine has been previously described. Evaluation methods to determine the feasibility of these approaches were also described but alternative method was utilized in the current study. We describe our experience expanding the boundaries of anterior cervical approach utilizing a novel algorithm for approach selection. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis of patients' files and imaging data of all anterior cervical approach to treat pathologies above C2-3 disc space or below C7-D1 disc space...
May 10, 2018: British Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742784/-contra-is-postoperative-epidural-analgesia-the-gold-standard
#5
Hans Jürgen Gerbershagen
As strategy for postoperative pain therapy, epidural analgesia (EDA) is superior to systemic opiate analgesia after abdominal and thoracic surgery. In addition, EDA may significantly reduce the incidence of complications in some large operations, such as, e.g. cardiac (myocardial infarction, atrial fibrillation) and pulmonary complications (pneumonia, atelectasis), and even reduce mortality. Intestinal motility can also be improved. However, these positive effects do not appear in all interventions and not to the same degree...
April 2018: Anästhesiologie, Intensivmedizin, Notfallmedizin, Schmerztherapie: AINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742783/-pro-epidural-analgesia-remains-the-gold-standard-for-abdominal-and-thoracic-surgery
#6
Hannah Listing, Daniel Pöpping
Pain relief with epidural analgesia is superior compared to systemic opioid analgesia after major abdominal and thoracic surgery. It remains a safe procedure, as long as it is embedded in a concept covering the whole perioperative period. This includes the knowledge of the anesthesiologist how to operate the process of catheter insertion as well as to treat complications like the hypotension, associated with the application of epidural local anesthetics. A close postoperative monitoring by an acute pain service team is a responsible task and should be available 24/7...
April 2018: Anästhesiologie, Intensivmedizin, Notfallmedizin, Schmerztherapie: AINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731313/tophaceous-gout-causing-thoracic-spinal-cord-compression-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#7
REVIEW
Y Ding, W Wang, W Jiang, L Zhang, T Wang, Z Li
OBJECTIVE: To improve neurologists' awareness of spine gout by showing a rare case of tophaceous gout in thoracic spine and a summary of vertebral gout in order. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We reported a case of a 36-year-old male with a 2-year-history of hyperuricemia. Neurological examination suggested that the strength of his lower limbs decreased. Bilateral Babinski's sign and ankle clonus were positive. He had no bladder or bowel dysfunction. Computed tomography of the thoracic spine showed occupied lesions at the T9, T10 levels which led to the spinal stenosis...
May 3, 2018: Neuro-Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730268/thoracic-paravertebral-block-versus-thoracic-epidural-analgesia-for-post-operative-pain-control-in-open-pancreatic-surgery-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Jacob L Hutchins, Anthony J Grandelis, Alexander M Kaizer, Eric H Jensen
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare the efficacy of bilateral ultrasound guided thoracic paravertebral catheters to a thoracic epidural after open pancreatic surgery. DESIGN: This was a prospective non-blinded randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Academic hospital operating room, postoperative recovery area, and ward. PATIENTS: 53 patients aged 18 and above who had open pancreatic surgery. INTERVENTIONS: Patients received either bilateral thoracic paravertebral block at T8 with an infusion of 0...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721359/acute-cauda-equina-syndrome-following-orthopedic-procedures-as-a-result-of-epidural-anesthesia
#9
Lisa B E Shields, Vasudeva G Iyer, Yi Ping Zhang, Christopher B Shields
Background: Cauda equina syndrome (CES) is a rare complication of spinal or epidural anesthesia. It is attributed to direct mechanical injury to the spinal roots of the cauda equina that may result in saddle anesthesia and paraplegia with bowel and bladder dysfunction. Case Description: The first patient underwent a hip replacement and received 5 mL of 1% lidocaine epidural anesthesia. Postoperatively, when the patient developed an acute CES, the lumbar magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan demonstrated clumping/posterior displacement of nerve roots of the cauda equina consistent with adhesive arachnoiditis attributed to the patient's previous L4-L5 lumbar decompression/fusion...
2018: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710056/distribution-patterns-of-spinal-epidural-fluid-in-patients-with-spontaneous-intracranial-hypotension-syndrome
#10
Takashi Yagi, Toru Horikoshi, Nobuo Senbokuya, Hiroaki Murayama, Hiroyuki Kinouchi
The aim of this study is to clarify the details of distribution patterns of spinal epidural fluid and to establish it as measure of spontaneous intracranial hypotension (SIH) syndrome diagnosis. Magnetic resonance imaging findings of the spine were analyzed in 37 patients, 24 women and 13 men (mean age 46.3 years), with SIH. Detection rate, thickness and patterns of the fluid collection were evaluated at every vertebral level. Follow-up spinal MRI findings were also analyzed for changes in epidural fluid collection and association with clinical symptoms...
May 1, 2018: Neurologia Medico-chirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709757/rapid-recovery-of-spontaneous-spinal-epidural-hematoma-without-surgical-treatment-a-case-reportand-literature-review
#11
Shu Baozhang, Fengyang Geng, Jiyue Wang, Zhiti Zhang, Chigang Du
BACKGROUND: Spontaneousspinal epidural hematoma (SSEH) is a relatively uncommon yet potentially disabling neurological emergency.The classical presentation includes a severe acute attack, sometimes radiating pain at the back,interscapular, or neckareas, followed by neurological deficits. The main treatment is surgical,and self-healing cases are rare. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 17-year-old female was admitted to the department of neurosurgery with neck pain, myasthenia of the limbs, and difficulty moving...
April 27, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707356/the-role-of-local-anaesthetic-techniques-in-eras-protocols-for-thoracic-surgery
#12
REVIEW
Seamus Crumley, Stefan Schraag
The use of enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS), as in other surgical specialties, is an emerging concept in cardio-thoracic surgery but there is still a lack of effective protocols to reduce the burden of surgery on the patient, shorten the period of postoperative recovery, and reduce the likelihood of chronic pain developing. The use of local anaesthetic (LA) techniques, such as thoracic epidural analgesia (TEA) and paravertebral blocks (PVB), as an adjunct to anaesthesia are considered key components, though there is little data for direct comparison of the techniques...
March 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703025/association-between-perioperative-hypothermia-and-patient-outcomes-after-thoracic-surgery-a-single-center-retrospective-analysis
#13
Alexander Emmert, Gereon Gries, Saskia Wand, Judith Buentzel, Anselm Bräuer, Michael Quintel, Ivo F Brandes
Hypothermia due to anaesthetic-induced impairment of thermoregulatory control and exposure to a cool environment is common in surgical patients. Peripheral vasodilation due to neuroaxial blockade may aggravate hypothermia. There is few data on perioperative hypothermia in patients undergoing thoracic surgery under combined general and regional anesthesia. We reviewed all thoracic surgical patients between 2006 and 2011 to determine the incidence and extent of hypothermia with or without an epidural anesthesia and evaluated its effect...
April 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696120/acute-cervical-and-thoracic-ventral-side-spontaneous-spinal-epidural-hematoma-causing-high-paraplegia-a-case-report
#14
Wei Zhao, Long-Fei Shu, Sang Cai, Feng Zhang
Introduction: Spontaneous spinal epidural hematoma (SSEH) is a rare condition that can potentially cause paraplegia. SSEH has an increasing incidence rate and its cause remains unclear. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) results shows that SSEH presents a spinal epidural space-occupying lesion; therefore, emergency surgical treatment is required in some cases. MRI results of most SSEH cases showed that hematoma occurs in the dorsal or lateral side. By contrast, hematoma in the ventral side is very rarely shown...
December 2017: Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693947/use-of-sugammadex-in-a-patient-with-myotonic-dystrophy-undergoing-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy
#15
Rieko Uno, Shoko Matsuda, Kohei Murao, Kumiko Nakamura, Michiyo Shirakawa, Koh Shingu
A 37-year-old female patient with myotonic dystrophy was scheduled for laparoscopic cholecystectomy for gall stone under general anesthesia with continuous propofol infusion. Rocuronium was administered with careful monitoring using TOF- Watch®, measuring train-of-four count (Tc), TOF ratio (Tr), and posttetanic count The total amount of rocuronium was 70 mg ; 0.6 mg .kg⁻1 for anesthetic induction and 0.3 mg .kg⁻1 when Tc exceeded 1. When the operation was completed, Tc was 4, Tr was uncountable and she showed reaction to calling her name...
May 2017: Masui. the Japanese Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686989/enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-protocols-in-major-urologic-surgery
#16
REVIEW
Natalija Vukovic, Ljubomir Dinic
The purpose of the review: The analysis of the components of enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) protocols in urologic surgery. Recent findings: ERAS protocols has been studied for over 20 years in different surgical procedures, mostly in colorectal surgery. The concept of improving patient care and reducing postoperative complications was also applied to major urologic surgery and especially procedure of radical cystectomy. This procedure is technically challenging, due to a major surgical resection and high postoperative complication rate that may reach 65%...
2018: Frontiers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686811/preliminary-study-on-contrast-flow-analysis-of-thoracic-transforaminal-epidural-block
#17
Ji Hee Hong, Kyoung Min Noh, Ki Bum Park
Background: The thoracic transforaminal epidural block (TTFEB) is usually performed to treat herpes zoster or postherpetic neuralgia (PHN). Especially, multiple segmental involvements and approximate contrast medium spread range, according to volume, help to choose the proper drug volume in the transforaminal epidural block. This study investigated the contrast medium spread patterns of 1-ml to 3-ml TTFEBs. Methods: A total of 26 patients with herpes zoster or PHN were enrolled in this study...
April 2018: Korean Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682450/first-case-of-cervical-epidural-abscess-caused-by-brucellosis-in-saudi-arabia-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#18
Meshal Alyousef, Rabia Aldoghaither
Spinal epidural abscess (SEA) is an extremely rare and disastrous musculoskeletal complication of spondylodiscitis and sacroilitis secondary to brucellosis infection. Few case reports and retrospective studies have been published reporting patients with epidural abscesses mainly lumbar, and thoracic while cervical abscess are rare. Management of spinal epidural abscess due to Brucella species is not standard and remains controversial. To the best of our knowledge this is the first case of brucellar cervical epidural abscess reported in Saudi Arabia...
2018: IDCases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681955/ropivacaine-has-no-advantage-over-bupivacaine-in-thoracic-epidural-analgesia-for-patients-with-pectus-excavatum-undergoing-the-nuss-procedure-a-single-blind-randomized-clinical-trial-comparing-efficacy-and-safety
#19
Małgorzata Walaszczyk, Rafał Wiench, Maja Copik, Jacek Karpe, Małgorzata Łowicka, Anna Pióro, Piotr Knapik, Hanna Misiołek
Introduction: Pectus excavatum repair (Nuss procedure) is a painful procedure requiring effective postoperative analgesia. Aim: To establish whether thoracic epidural analgesia with ropivacaine is non-inferior to epidural analgesia with bupivacaine following the Nuss procedure in children. Material and methods: The prospective, randomized, controlled, single blind study included 81 children. Computer-generated random numbers were used to allocate treatment...
March 2018: Kardiochirurgia i Torakochirurgia Polska, Polish Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657890/pain-flare-after-stereotactic-radiosurgery-for-spine-metastases
#20
Ehsan H Balagamwala, Mihir Naik, Chandana A Reddy, Lilyana Angelov, John H Suh, Toufik Djemil, Anthony Magnelli, Samuel T Chao
Purpose: Understanding of pain flare (PF) following spine stereotactic radiosurgery (sSRS) is lacking. This study sought to determine the incidence and risk factors associated with PF following single fraction sSRS. Materials/methods: An IRB-approved database was compiled to include patients who underwent sSRS. Patient and disease characteristics as well as treatment and dosimetric details were collected retrospectively. Pain relief post-sSRS was prospectively collected using the Brief Pain Inventory (BPI)...
2018: Journal of Radiosurgery and SBRT
keyword
keyword
46869
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"