Read by QxMD icon Read


Ursula Klaschka
BACKGROUND: Many natural substances are classified as dangerous substances according to the European regulation on classification and labelling. Are they used in natural personal care products today? One hundred ingredient lists were analyzed to find this out. RESULTS: All products with natural substances contained dangerous natural substances or they contained natural substances, for which the information about their classification as dangerous substances is not available...
2016: Environmental Sciences Europe
Qinghuan Xu, Lin Yang, Wangting Yang, Yan Bai, Ping Hou, Jingxian Zhao, Lv Zhou, Zhaojiang Zuo
Eutrophication promotes massive growth of cyanobacteria and algal blooms, which can poison other algae and reduce biodiversity. To investigate the differences in multiple nitrogen (N) sources in eutrophicated water on the emission of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) from cyanobacteria, and their toxic effects on other algal growth, we analyzed VOCs emitted from Microcystis flos-aquae with different types and concentrations of nitrogen, and determined the effects under Normal-N and Non-N conditions on Chlorella vulgaris...
October 11, 2016: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Anna Wajs-Bonikowska, Łukasz Szoka, Ewa Karna, Anna Wiktorowska-Owczarek, Monika Sienkiewicz
The increasing consumption of natural products lead us to discover and study new plant materials, such as conifer seeds and cones, which could be easily available from the forest industry as a waste material, for their potential uses. The chemical composition of the essential oils of Picea pungens and Picea orientalis was fully characterized by GC and GC-MS methods. Seed and cone oils of both tree species were composed mainly of monoterpene hydrocarbons, among which limonene, α- and β-pinene were the major, but in different proportions in the examined conifer essential oils...
October 13, 2016: Chemistry & Biodiversity
Florentina Neaţu, Geanina Culică, Mihaela Florea, Vasile I Parvulescu, Fabrizio Cavani
The synthesis of terephthalic acid from biomass remains an unsolved challenge. In this study, we conducted the selective oxidation of p-cymene (synthesized from biodegradable terpenes, limonene, or eucalyptol) into terephthalic acid over a Mn-Fe mixed-oxide heterogeneous catalyst. The impact of various process parameters (oxidant, temperature, reaction time, catalyst amount, oxygen pressure) on the selectivity to terephthalic acid was evaluated, and some mechanistic aspects were elucidated. An unprecedented synthesis of biobased terephthalic acid (51 % yield) in the presence of O2 is reported...
October 12, 2016: ChemSusChem
Zhan-Nan Yang, Shi-Qiong Luo, Jing Ma, Dan Wu, Liang Hong, Zheng-Wen Yu
GC-MS is the basis of analysis of plant volatiles. Several protocols employed for the assay have resulted in inconsistent results in the literature. We developed a GC-MS method, which were applied to analyze 25 volatiles (α-pinene, camphene, β-pinene, 2-methyl-2-pentenal, myrcene, (+)-limonene, eucalyptol, trans-2-hexenal, γ-terpinene, cis-3-hexeneyl-acetate, 1-hexanol, α-pinene oxide, cis-3-hexen-1-ol, trans-2-hexen-1-ol, decanal, linalool, acetyl-borneol, β-caryophyllene, 2-undecanone, 4-terpineol, borneol, decanol, eugenol, isophytol and phytol) of Houttuynia cordata Thunb...
September 2016: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
S Saed Samii, N Wallace, T G Nagaraja, M A Engstrom, M D Miesner, C K Armendariz, E C Titgemeyer
Previous in vitro data showed that was inhibited by limonene. We further evaluated effects of limonene on growth of in vitro as well as on ruminal concentrations of in vivo. With in vitro cultivation in anaerobic brain-heart infusion broth, limonene decreased growth of . Thymol also reduced growth of , but it was less effective than limonene. Tylosin effectively reduced growth of in vitro. Although the response over fermentation times and concentrations of antimicrobials differed somewhat between tylosin and limonene, the 2 antimicrobial agents yielded similar inhibitory effects on growth of at concentrations ranging from 6 to 24 mg/L...
August 2016: Journal of Animal Science
Surapan Jitviriyanon, Phanida Phanthong, Pattamapan Lomarat, Nuntavan Bunyapraphatsara, Sarthorn Porntrakulpipat, Nuanchan Paraksa
This study was designed to evaluate the in vitro anticoccidial properties against Eimeria tenella of different essential oils and their major active components. Efficacy of ten essential oils from different Thai indigenous plants were preliminarily screened and only those with potential were further tested for effective concentrations and identifying their active compounds. Oocysticidal property was evaluated in term of sporulation inhibition of oocysts and the percentage of unsporulated, sporulated and degenerated oocysts, after treatment with 125μg/ml of the selected essential oil, the sample was enumerated by haemocytometer, while coccidiocidal activity was assessed by the inhibition of sporozoite invasion in MDBK cell lines...
September 15, 2016: Veterinary Parasitology
Ana Rodríguez, Josep E Peris, Ana Redondo, Takehiko Shimada, Leandro Peña
We have categorized the dataset from content and emission of terpene volatiles of peel and juice in both Navelina and Pineapple sweet orange cultivars in which D-limonene was either up- (S), down-regulated (AS) or non-altered (EV; control) ("Impact of D-limonene synthase up- or down-regulation on sweet orange fruit and juice odor perception"(A. Rodríguez, J.E. Peris, A. Redondo, T. Shimada, E. Costell, I. Carbonell, C. Rojas, L. Peña, (2016)) [1]). Data from volatile identification and quantification by HS-SPME and GC-MS were classified by Principal Component Analysis (PCA) individually or as chemical groups...
December 2016: Data in Brief
Dani H Leviss, Daryl A Van Ry, Ryan Z Hinrichs
Multiphase ozonolysis of aqueous organics presents a potential pathway for the formation of aqueous secondary organic aerosol (aqSOA). We investigated the multiphase ozonolysis of α-terpineol, an oxygenated derivative of limonene, and found that the reaction products and kinetics differ from the gas-phase ozonolysis of α-terpineol. One- and two-dimensional NMR spectroscopies along with GC-MS identified the aqueous ozonolysis reaction products as trans- and cis-lactols [4-(5-hydroxy-2,2-dimethyltetrahydrofuran-3-yl)butan-2-one] and a lactone [4-hydroxy-4-methyl-3-(3-oxobutyl)-valeric acid gamma-lactone], which accounted for 46%, 27%, and 20% of the observed products, respectively...
October 13, 2016: Environmental Science & Technology
Magali Picard, Gilles de Revel, Stéphanie Marchand
The p-menthane lactones constitute a family of powerful odorants, including the isomers of mintlactone and menthofurolactone that occur naturally in peppermint oil, known for their potent, mint-like olfactory properties. These lactones are closely related to the monoterpene-limonene secondary biotransformation and menthofuran has been identified as their common precursor in Mentha species. Using targeted GC-olfactometry and GC-MS analyses, together with quantification methods, we were able to demonstrate, for the first time, the presence of the diastereoisomers of these p-menthane lactones, as well as their common precursor, menthofuran, in red wines...
February 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
Ana Rodríguez, Josep E Peris, Ana Redondo, Takehiko Shimada, Elvira Costell, Inmaculada Carbonell, Cristina Rojas, Leandro Peña
Citrus fruits are characterized by a complex mixture of volatiles making up their characteristic aromas, being the d-limonene the most abundant one. However, its role on citrus fruit and juice odor is controversial. Transgenic oranges engineered for alterations in the presence or concentration of few related chemical groups enable asking precise questions about their contribution to overall odor, either positive or negative, as perceived by the human nose. Here, either down- or up-regulation of a d-limonene synthase allowed us to infer that a decrease of as much as 51 times in d-limonene and an increase of as much as 3...
February 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
Tina Hoang, Rosemary Castorina, Fraser Gaspar, Randy Maddalena, Peggy L Jenkins, Qunfang Zoe Zhang, Thomas E McKone, Emilio Benfenati, Alex Y Shi, Asa Bradman
Little information exists about exposures to volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in early childhood education (ECE) environments. We measured 38 VOCs in single-day air samples collected in 2010-2011 from 34 ECE facilities serving California children and evaluated potential health risks. We also examined unknown peaks in the GC/MS chromatographs for indoor samples and identified 119 of these compounds using mass spectral libraries. VOCs found in cleaning and personal care products had the highest indoor concentrations (d-limonene and decamethylcyclopentasiloxane [D5] medians: 33...
September 22, 2016: Indoor Air
Luigi Aliberti, Lucia Caputo, Vincenzo De Feo, Laura De Martino, Filomena Nazzaro, Lucéia Fátima Souza
Citrus medica cv. 'liscia' and C. medica cv. 'rugosa' are two taxa of citron, belonging to the biodiversity of South Italy, in particular of Amalfi Coast, in the Campania region. The chemical composition of the essential oils (EOs) from fruit peels of both C. medica cultivars was studied by gas chromatography (GC) and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) analyses. In all, 100 compounds were identified, 82 for C. medica cv. 'liscia', accounting for 91.4% of the total oil, and 88 for C. medica cv. 'rugosa', accounting for 92...
2016: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Joana Madureira, Inês Paciência, João Cavaleiro-Rufo, Eduardo de Oliveira Fernandes
Allergic diseases have been on the rise in many countries over the past few decades and indoor exposure may be a possible cause. An overall investigation of children's health status and residential indoor air pollutants known or suspected to affect respiratory health was conducted in the homes of primary schoolchildren during winter in Porto, Portugal. In a case-control study (30 case children with asthma and 38 controls) and over a 1-wk monitoring period, air sample collection was conducted in children's bedrooms for the analysis of 12 volatile organic compounds (VOC), aldehydes, particulate matter (PM)2...
2016: Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. Part A
Wen-Juan Zhang, Shan-Shan Guo, Chun-Xue You, Zhu-Feng Geng, Jun-Yu Liang, Zhi-Wei Deng, Cheng-Fang Wang, Shu-Shan Du, Yong-Yan Wang
Two essential oil samples were obtained from the pericarp of Zanthoxylum bungeanum with the methods of hydrodistillation (HD) and supercritical fluid CO2 extraction (SFE), their chemical components were identified, and their bioactivities against Lasioderma serricorne adults were evaluated. In the process of testing, the two samples showed significant bioactivities against Lasioderma serricorne adults. For an example, the SFE-sample expressed relatively stronger fumigant toxicity on Lasioderma serricorne adults (LC50 = 3...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Oleo Science
Ivana D Montironi, Laura N Cariddi, Elina B Reinoso
Bovine mastitis is a disease that causes great economic losses per year, being Streptococcus uberis the main environmental pathogen involved. The aim of the present study was to determine the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and the minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) of Minthostachys verticillata essential oil and limonene for S. uberis strains isolated from bovine mastitis. In addition, the effect of MIC on biofilm formation was analyzed. MIC values for the essential oil ranged from 14.3 to 114...
July 2016: Revista Argentina de Microbiología
Giulia Giunti, Giovanni Benelli, Guido Flamini, J P Michaud, Angelo Canale
Parasitic wasps can learn cues that alter their behavioral responses and increase their fitness, such as those that improve host location efficiency. Psyttalia concolor (Szépligeti) (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) is a koinobiont endoparasitoid of 14 economically important tephritid species, including the olive fruit fly, Bactrocera oleae (Rossi) (Diptera: Tephritidae). In this research, we investigated the nature of olfactory cues mediating this tritrophic interaction. First, we identified the chemical stimuli emanating from uninfested and B...
September 11, 2016: Journal of Economic Entomology
Zeynep Aytac, Zehra Irem Yildiz, Fatma Kayaci-Senirmak, Nalan Oya San Keskin, Semran Ipek Kusku, Engin Durgun, Turgay Tekinay, Tamer Uyar
We have proposed a new strategy for preparing free-standing nanofibrous webs from an inclusion complex (IC) of a well-known flavor/fragrance compound (limonene) with three modified cyclodextrins (HPβCD, MβCD, and HPγCD) via electrospinning (CD/limonene-IC-NFs) without using a polymeric matrix. The experimental and computational modeling studies proved that the stoichiometry of the complexes was 1:1 for CD/limonene systems. MβCD/limonene-IC-NF released much more limonene at 37, 50, and 75 °C than HPβCD/limonene-IC-NF and HPγCD/limonene-IC-NF because of the greater amount of preserved limonene...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Elizandra Aparecida Britta, Cleuza Conceição da Silva, Adley Forti Rubira, Celso Vataru Nakamura, Redouane Borsali
Thiosemicarbazones are an important class of compounds that have been extensively studied in recent years, mainly because of their broad profile of pharmacological activity. A new 4-nitrobenzaldehyde thiosemicarbazone compound (BZTS) that was derived from S-limonene has been demonstrated to have significant antiprotozoan activity. However, the hydrophobic characteristic of BZTS limits its administration and results in low oral bioavailability. In the present study, we proposed the synthesis of nanoparticle-based block copolymers that can encapsulate BZTS, with morphological evaluation of the nanoparticle suspensions being performed by transmission and cryo-transmission electronic microscopy...
December 1, 2016: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
Loukas Papaloukas, Efthymios Sinapis, George Arsenos, George Kyriakou, Zoitsa Basdagianni
The objective of the study was to investigate the effect of season on the fatty acid and terpene composition in ewe milk. A total of 760 samples of bulk sheep milk were collected during winter (147 samples), spring (314 samples) and summer (299 samples) of 2011, from 90 commercial farms of dairy sheep from the prefecture of Grevena, Greece. Regarding fatty acid composition, summer samples had higher concentrations of α-linolenic acid, cis-9, trans 11- CLA, trans-11, C18 : 1 and PUFAs but lower content of saturated fatty acids particularly C12 : 0, C14 : 0 and C16 : 0...
August 2016: Journal of Dairy Research
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"