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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438032/influence-of-drying-methods-on-chemical-compositions-antioxidant-and-antibacterial-activity-of-essential-oil-from-lemon-peel
#1
Liang-Liang Zhang, Shuang Lv, Jian-Guo Xu, Li-Fang Zhang
The influence of natural, hot-air and infrared drying on chemical composition and bioactivity of lemon peel essential oil are investigated in this study. The results showed that drying resulted in losses or increases of some components or production of some new substances, but the d-limonene (59.52-70.01%) was found as the main component of essential oil. Drying brought about decreases in the yield, antioxidant and antibacterial activity of essential oil. However, the natural drying had little effect, while the hot-air and infrared drying resulted in significant decreases in these parameters, especially at the higher temperature...
April 24, 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431083/repellent-effects-of-different-celery-varieties-in-bemisia-tabaci-hemiptera-aleyrodidae-biotype-q
#2
Hongtao Tu, Yuchuan Qin
Y-tube olfactometer and net cages experiments were used to investigate the repellent effects of different celery varieties in biotype Q of sweetpotato whitefly, Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae), on cucumber, Cucumis sativus L. (Cucurbitaceae). Y-tube olfactometer tests showed that whiteflies have strong repellent behavior to different celery varieties. Intercropping different celery varieties with cucumbers had significant repellent effects and oviposition deterrent effects in whiteflies...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430157/development-of-user-friendly-method-to-distinguish-subspecies-of-the-korean-medicinal-herb-perilla-frutescens-using-multiplex-pcr
#3
Yonguk Kim, Ah-Young Kim, Ara Jo, Hakjoon Choi, Seung-Sik Cho, Chulyung Choi
Perilla (Perilla frutescens) is an economically and culturally important plant in East Asia. Plant breeding between cultivars has enhanced the genetic diversity of perilla overall, but means that functionally diverse subspecies are more difficult to identify and distinguish. In this study, we developed gene-based DNA markers to distinguish between the Korean herbal medicinal perilla varieties. We identified informative simple sequence repeat (SSR) regions on the promoter regions of the Myb-P1 and dihydroflavonol 4-reductase (DFR) genes, as well as a large insertion-deletion (indel) region in the limonene synthase (LS) gene, and developed markers to characterize the distinct subspecies differences (PfMyb-P1pro, PfDFRpro, and PfLS, respectively)...
April 21, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426256/effects-of-foeniculum-vulgare-essential-oil-compounds-fenchone-and-limonene-on-experimental-wound-healing
#4
I Keskin, Y Gunal, S Ayla, B Kolbasi, A Sakul, U Kilic, O Gok, K Koroglu, H Ozbek
We investigated the wound healing efficacy of the Foeniculum vulgare compounds, fenchone and limonene, using an excisional cutaneous wound model in rats. An excision wound was made on the back of the rat and fenchone and limonene were applied topically to the wounds once daily, separately or together, for 10 days. Tissue sections from the wounds were evaluated for histopathology. The healing potential was assessed by comparison to an untreated control group and an olive oil treated sham group. We scored wound healing based on epidermal regeneration, granulation tissue thickness and angiogenesis...
April 20, 2017: Biotechnic & Histochemistry: Official Publication of the Biological Stain Commission
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421748/potential-contribution-of-fish-feed-and-phytoplankton-to-content-of-volatile-terpenes-in-cultured-pangasius-pangasianodon-hypophthalmus-and-tilapia-oreochromis-niloticus
#5
Raju Podduturi, Mikael Agerlin Petersen, Sultan Mahmud, Md Mizanur Rahman, Niels O G Jørgensen
Geosmin and 2-methylisoborneol are the most recognized off-flavors in freshwater fish, but terpenes may also contribute off-flavor in fish. We identified six monoterpenes, 11 sesquiterpenes and three terpene-related compounds in pangasius and tilapia from aquaculture farms in Bangladesh. Concentrations of most of the volatiles were below published odor thresholds, except for α-pinene, limonene, β-caryophyllene, α-humulene and β-ionone in tilapia, and limonene and β-ionone in pangasius. To identify sources of the terpenes, terpene profiles of fish feed and phytoplankton in the ponds were analyzed...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421324/weathering-the-storm-how-lodgepole-pine-trees-survive-mountain-pine-beetle-outbreaks
#6
Nadir Erbilgin, Jonathan A Cale, Altaf Hussain, Guncha Ishangulyyeva, Jennifer G Klutsch, Ahmed Najar, Shiyang Zhao
Recent mountain pine beetle outbreaks in western North America killed millions of lodgepole pine trees, leaving few survivors. However, the mechanism underlying the ability of trees to survive bark beetle outbreaks is unknown, but likely involve phytochemicals such as monoterpenes and fatty acids that can drive beetle aggregation and colonization on their hosts. Thus, we conducted a field survey of beetle-resistant lodgepole pine (Pinus contorta) trees to retrospectively deduce whether these phytochemicals underlie their survival by comparing their chemistry to that of non-attacked trees in the same stands...
April 18, 2017: Oecologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414442/stolonidiol-synthesis-target-identification-and-mechanism-for-choline-acetyltransferase-activation
#7
Jeremy W Mason, Cullen L Schmid, Laura M Bohn, William R Roush
Stolonidiol, a marine natural product, has been reported to potentiate the activity of choline acetyltransferase (ChAT), the enzyme that produces the neurotransmitter acetylcholine. Here we report the total synthesis of stolonidiol starting from (R)-(+)-limonene. To identify the mechanism by which ChAT activity is increased, we sought to identify the biological target of stolonidiol. We show that stolonidiol binds to the phorbol ester binding site of protein kinase C (PKC), induces translocation of PKC to the cell membrane, and activates kinase activity...
April 17, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402302/odorous-volatile-organic-compound-voc-emissions-from-ageing-anaerobically-stabilised-biosolids
#8
R M Fisher, R J Barczak, J P Alvarez Gaitan, N Le-Minh, R M Stuetz
Opportunities for the beneficial re-use of biosolids are limited by nuisance odour emissions. Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) from anaerobically stabilised biosolids were measured to identify compounds that could contribute to the overall odour character of nuisance emissions. Flux hood sampling and chemical analysis were used to identify VOCs emitted from biosolids as they were stored in ambient conditions. Compounds emitted varied as the biosolid cakes were stored for a period of 50 days. VOCs detected in the biosolids are likely to occur from catchment sources as well as abiotic and biotic generation in the wastewater processing and the biosolids as they are stored...
April 2017: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389917/a-green-analytical-chemistry-approach-for-lipid-extraction-computation-methods-in-the-selection-of-green-solvents-as-alternative-to-hexane
#9
Mari Merce Cascant, Cassandra Breil, Salvador Garrigues, Miguel de la Guardia, Anne Silvie Fabiano-Tixier, Farid Chemat
There is a great interest in finding alternatives and green solvents in extraction processes to replace petroleum based solvents. In order to investigate these possibilities, computational methods, as Hansen solubility parameters (HSP) and conductor-like screening model for real solvent (COSMO-RS), were used in this work to predict the solvation power of a series of solvents in salmon fish lipids. Additionally, experimental studies were used to evaluate the performance in lipids extraction using 2-methyltetrahydrofurane, cyclopentyl methyl ether, dimethyl carbonate, isopropanol, ethanol, ethyl acetate, p-cymene and d-limonene compared with hexane...
April 7, 2017: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387778/volatile-organic-compounds-concentrations-during-the-construction-process-in-newly-built-timber-frame-houses-source-identification-and-emission-kinetics
#10
H Plaisance, J Vignau-Laulhere, P Mocho, N Sauvat, K Raulin, V Desauziers
Building and furniture materials are known to be major sources of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) indoors. During the construction process, an introduced material can have a more or less long-term impact on the indoor air quality according to the building characteristics. In this study, field measurements were carried out at six construction stages in three energy-efficient timber-frame houses. Data analysis focused on the ten most abundant compounds found among an initial list of fifteen target VOCs, namely formaldehyde, acetaldehyde, hexanal, toluene, m/p-xylenes, ethylbenzene, styrene, α-pinene, 3-carene and d-limonene...
April 7, 2017: Environmental Science. Processes & Impacts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385055/phytochemical-composition-anti-inflammatory-activity-and-cytotoxic-effects-of-essential-oils-from-three-pinus-spp
#11
Mimoza Basholli-Salihu, Roswitha Schuster, Avni Hajdari, Dafina Mulla, Helmut Viernstein, Behxhet Mustafa, Monika Mueller
CONTEXT: Inflammation and cell differentiation lead to a number of severe diseases. In the recent years, various studies focused on the anti-inflammatory and anticancer activity of essential oils (EOs) of numerous plants, including different Pinus species. OBJECTIVE: The phytochemical composition, anti-inflammatory and cytotoxic activity of EOs from needles and twigs of Pinus heldreichii Christ (Pinaceae) and P. peuce Griseb., and from needles, twigs and cones of P...
December 2017: Pharmaceutical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375132/short-communication-evaluation-of-the-chemical-composition-of-essential-oil-of-thuja-occidentalis-leaves-grown-in-peshawar-pakistan-by-gas-chromatography-mass-spectrometry
#12
Muhammad Nasimullah Qureshi, Muhammad Siddique, Inayat-Ur Rahman, Farina Kanwal
Essential oil extracted from the fresh leaves of Thuja occidentalis were evaluated for its chemical composition employing GC-MS. Total of twenty nine components were identified and determined quantitatively using the area normalization procedure. Alpha-pinene and (+)-4-carene were found in high amount with a percentage concentration of 54.78 and 11.28 respectively. Other compounds which yielded appreciable amounts are: alpha-cedrol (6.87%), terpinolene (5.88%), p-menth-1-en-8-ol acetate (5.21%), beta-myrcene (4...
November 2016: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368105/triazolyl-imidazolyl-and-carboxylic-acid-moieties-in-the-design-of-molybdenum-trioxide-hybrids-photophysical-and-catalytic-behavior
#13
Andrey B Lysenko, Ganna A Senchyk, Konstantin V Domasevitch, Merten Kobalz, Harald Krautscheid, Jakub Cichos, Miroslaw Karbowiak, Patrícia Neves, Anabela A Valente, Isabel S Gonçalves
Three organic ligands bearing 1,2,4-triazolyl donor moieties, (S)-4-(1-phenylpropyl)-1,2,4-triazole (trethbz), 4-(1,2,4-triazol-4-yl)benzoic acid (trPhCO2H), and 3-(1H-imidazol-4-yl)-2-(1,2,4-triazol-4-yl)propionic acid (trhis), were prepared to evaluate their coordination behavior in the development of molybdenum(VI) oxide organic hybrids. Four compounds, [Mo2O6(trethbz)2]·H2O (1), [Mo4O12(trPhCO2H)2]·0.5H2O (2a), [Mo4O12(trPhCO2H)2]·H2O (2b), and [Mo8O25(trhis)2(trhisH)2]·2H2O (3), were synthesized and characterized...
April 3, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365077/glass-bottle-sampling-solid-phase-microextraction-gas-chromatography-mass-spectrometry-for-breath-analysis-of-drug-metabolites
#14
Yan Lu, Wenqi Niu, Xue Zou, Chengyin Shen, Lei Xia, Chaoqun Huang, Hongzhi Wang, Haihe Jiang, Yannan Chu
Breath analysis is a non-invasive approach which may be applied to disease diagnosis and pharmacokinetic study. In the case of offline analysis, the exhaled gas needs to be collected and the sampling bag is often used as the storage vessel. However, the sampling bag usually releases some extra compounds, which may interfere with the result of the breath test. In this study, a novel breath sampling glass bottle was developed with a syringe needle sampling port for solid phase microextraction (SPME). Such a glass bottle scarcely liberates compounds and can be used to collect exhaled gas for ensuing analysis by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS)...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355238/terpene-synthases-from-cannabis-sativa
#15
Judith K Booth, Jonathan E Page, Jörg Bohlmann
Cannabis (Cannabis sativa) plants produce and accumulate a terpene-rich resin in glandular trichomes, which are abundant on the surface of the female inflorescence. Bouquets of different monoterpenes and sesquiterpenes are important components of cannabis resin as they define some of the unique organoleptic properties and may also influence medicinal qualities of different cannabis strains and varieties. Transcriptome analysis of trichomes of the cannabis hemp variety 'Finola' revealed sequences of all stages of terpene biosynthesis...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349561/helical-screw-sense-bias-in-chiral-polyfluorene-stimulated-by-solvent
#16
Yin Zhao, Lu Yin, Jingjing Liu, Hailing Chen, Wei Zhang
Conjugated homopolymer poly(9,9-bis(3-((S)-2-methylbutylpropanoate))fluorene) (PSF) with chiral pendants was synthesized and characterized. Dissolution experiments show that PSF is well dissolved in racemic limonene at high temperature and begins aggregating upon sequential cooling treatment. The corresponding assemblies were transferred to quartz plate by the spin-coating method. Comparably, film casting from chloroform solution was also prepared. Upon annealing thermal treatments, these PSF films exhibited perfect mirror circular dichroism (CD) Cotton effects and dissymmetry ratios...
March 28, 2017: Chirality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345720/partitioning-of-2-phenylethanol-and-limonene-cosurfactants-in-c12e4
#17
Iain McKenzie, Robert Scheuermann, Ian Tucker
Avoided level-crossing muon spin resonance (ALC-μSR) has been used to study the dynamics and local environment of spin probes formed by muonium (Mu) addition to 2-phenylethanol (PEA) and limonene (1-methyl-4-(1-methylethenyl)-cyclohexene) in an aqueous dispersion of the nonionic surfactant C12E4 (tetra(ethylene glycol) n-dodecyl ether). The spin probes derived from both cosurfactants reside within the micelles in the L1 phase and the bilayers in the Lα phase rather than in the aqueous region. The local polarity measured by the different isomers of the Mu adducts of PEA suggests there is a water gradient within the micelles and bilayers...
March 27, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340948/application-of-ultrasound-aided-method-for-the-synthesis-of-cds-incorporated-three-dimensional-tio2-photocatalysts-with-enhanced-performance
#18
Joon Yeob Lee, Wan-Kuen Jo
In this study, an ultrasound-aided hydrothermal-impregnation method was used to synthesize three-dimensional (3D) urchin-like CdS-TiO2 nanostructures (UCTs) with variable CdS content. The photocatalytic efficiencies (for degrading limonene and toluene vapor) of UCTs synthesized using the ultrasound-aided process were greater than those of UCTs fabricated without ultrasound treatment. In addition, the photocatalytic efficiencies of ultrasound-treated UCTs were greater than those of zero-dimensional ultrasound-treated CdS-TiO2 particles, which, in turn, were greater than those of untreated 3D TiO2...
March 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336899/nanoemulsified-d-limonene-reduces-the-heat-resistance-of-salmonella-senftenberg-over-50-times
#19
María Ros-Chumillas, Alberto Garre, Javier Maté, Alfredo Palop, Paula M Periago
Salmonella Senftenberg is a pathogen agent causative of foodborne disease and it is considered the most heat-resistant serovar within this genus. Food industries use heat treatment and chemical antimicrobials in order to eliminate this microorganism in food, but consumers prefer natural antimicrobials as essential oils and their components. This study evaluates the combined effect of thermal treatments and different concentrations of D-limonene nanoemulsion on the inactivation of Salmonella (S.) Senftenberg...
March 15, 2017: Nanomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334238/separate-and-combined-effects-of-mentha-piperata-and-mentha-pulegium-essential-oils-and-a-pathogenic-fungus-lecanicillium-muscarium-against-aphis-gossypii-hemiptera-aphididae
#20
Asgar Ebadollahi, Mahdi Davari, Jabrael Razmjou, Bahram Naseri
In the present study, the toxicity of essential oils of Mentha piperata L. and Mentha pulegium L. and pathogenicity of Lecanicillium muscarium (Zare & Gams) were studied in the melon aphid, Aphis gossypii Glover. Analyses of the essential oils by GC-MS indicated limonene (27.28%), menthol (24.71%), menthone (14.01%), and carvol (8.46%) in the M. piperata essential oil and pulegone (73.44%), piperitenone (5.49%), decane (4.99%), and limonene (3.07%) in the essential oil of M. pulegium as the main components...
March 3, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
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