keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

ALC

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893758/multiple-browsers-structure-tree-recruitment-in-logged-temperate-forests
#1
Edward K Faison, Stephen DeStefano, David R Foster, Joshua M Rapp, Justin A Compton
Historical extirpations have resulted in depauperate large herbivore assemblages in many northern forests. In eastern North America, most forests are inhabited by a single wild ungulate species, white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus), and relationships between deer densities and impacts on forest regeneration are correspondingly well documented. Recent recolonizations by moose (Alces americanus) in northeastern regions complicate established deer density thresholds and predictions of browsing impacts on forest dynamics because size and foraging differences between the two animals suggest a lack of functional redundancy...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879546/early-lymphocyte-recovery-and-outcome-in-osteosarcoma
#2
Lynn Lee, Lin Fei, Jennifer Pope, Lars M Wagner
BACKGROUND: Early lymphocyte recovery following chemotherapy has been associated with improved outcome in many cancers, including in one small study of osteosarcoma patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: To confirm this finding, we retrospectively reviewed data from 53 patients with newly diagnosed osteosarcoma who had blood counts on day 14 (±1 d) following the first cycle of cisplatin and doxorubicin. RESULTS: The median absolute lymphocyte count (ALC) 14 days after starting the first cycle of chemotherapy (ALC-14) was 1990 cells/μL (range: 600 to 6470)...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867830/niche-construction-social-cognition-and-language-hypothesizing-the-human-as-the-production-of-place
#3
Oliver Davies
New data is emerging from evolutionary anthropology and the neuroscience of social cognition on our species-specific hyper-cooperation (HC). This paper attempts an integration of third-person archaeological and second-person, neuroscientific perspectives on the structure of HC, through a post-Ricoeurian development in hermeneutical phenomenology. We argue for the relatively late evolution of advanced linguistic consciousness (ALC) (Hiscock in Biological Theory 9:27-41, 2014), as a reflexive system based on the 'in-between' or 'cognitive system' as reported by Vogeley et al...
2016: Culture and Brain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864994/serum-spd-l1-upregulated-in-sepsis-may-reflect-disease-severity-and-clinical-outcomes-in-septic-patients
#4
Minlong Liu, Xiaoling Zhang, Haiyan Chen, Guoen Wang, Jun Zhang, Peng Dong, Yuanyuan Liu, Shan An, Li Wang
we aimed to find the correlation between serum sPD-L1 (soluble programmed cell death L-1 ligand) and sepsis. Totally 91 consecutive patients with sepsis were performed in a 15-bed medical intensive care unit (ICU) of the second affiliated hospital, Xi'an Jiaotong University in Xi'an, China, between February 2015 and May 2016. Healthy controls (HC) consisted of 29 healthy volunteer. Baseline demographic data were recorded. Blood samples were collected through an indwelling central venous or by peripheral venipuncture...
November 16, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857776/maternal-bonding-styles-in-smokers-and-non-smokers-a-comparative-study
#5
Iren Csala, Monika Elemery, Fruzsina Martinovszky, Peter Dome, Balazs Dome, Gabor Faludi, Imola Sandor, Zsuzsa Gyorffy, Emma Birkas, Judit Lazary
BACKGROUND: Parental bonding has been implicated in smoking behavior, and the quality of maternal bonding (MB) has been associated with poor mental health and substance use. However, little is known about the association of MB and the smoking of the offspring. METHODS: In our study, 129 smokers and 610 non-smoker medical students completed the parental bonding instrument, which measures MB along two dimensions: care and overprotection. Four categories can be created by high and low scores on care and overprotection: optimal parenting (OP; high care/low overprotection); affectionless control (ALC; low care/high overprotection); affectionate constraint (AC; high care/high overprotection), and neglectful parenting (NP; low care/low overprotection)...
2016: Annals of General Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856361/reprint-of-adolescent-cortical-thickness-pre-and-post-marijuana-and-alcohol-initiation
#6
REVIEW
Joanna Jacobus, Norma Castro, Lindsay M Squeglia, M J Meloy, Ty Brumback, Marilyn A Huestis, Susan F Tapert
Cortical thickness abnormalities have been identified in youth using both alcohol and marijuana. However, limited studies have followed individuals pre- and post initiation of alcohol and marijuana use to help identify to what extent discrepancies in structural brain integrity are pre-existing or substance-related. Adolescents (N=69) were followed from ages 13 (pre-initiation of substance use, baseline) to ages 19 (post-initiation, follow-up). Three subgroups were identified, participants that initiated alcohol use (ALC, n=23, >20 alcohol use episodes), those that initiated both alcohol and marijuana use (ALC+MJ, n=23, >50 marijuana use episodes) and individuals that did not initiate either substance regularly by follow-up (CON, n=23, <3 alcohol use episodes, no marijuana use episodes)...
November 14, 2016: Neurotoxicology and Teratology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815773/the-neural-correlates-of-priming-emotion-and-reward-systems-for-conflict-processing-in-alcoholics
#7
T Schulte, Y-C Jung, E V Sullivan, A Pfefferbaum, M Serventi, E M Müller-Oehring
Emotional dysregulation in alcoholism (ALC) may result from disturbed inhibitory mechanisms. We therefore tested emotion and alcohol cue reactivity and inhibitory processes using negative priming. To test the neural correlates of cue reactivity and negative priming, 26 ALC and 26 age-matched controls underwent functional MRI performing a Stroop color match-to-sample task. In cue reactivity trials, task-irrelevant emotion and alcohol-related pictures were interspersed between color samples and color words. In negative priming trials, pictures primed the semantic content of an alcohol or emotion Stroop word...
November 4, 2016: Brain Imaging and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807649/peripheral-blood-lymphocyte-monocyte-ratio-following-completion-of-first-line-therapy-predicts-early-relapse-in-patients-with-diffuse-large-b-cell-lymphoma
#8
Shu-Juan Zhou, Yong-Yong Ma, Yu Zhang, Sheng Luo, Li-Yuan Tang, Yi Chen, Lan Sun, Kang Yu
To investigate whether the post-therapy lymphocyte/monocyte ratio (ALC/AMC ratio or LMR) predicts early relapse in patients with diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL), we enrolled 125 consecutive patients with DLBCL and followed up from 2005 to 2015 in our hospital. The LMR was measured following completion of first-line therapy. We found that the LMR following completion therapy was a strong predictor of early relapse, which is less than 12 months after diagnosis. A low LMR was significantly associated with early relapse in both univariate [odds ratio (OR) = 8...
November 2, 2016: Annals of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802312/length-of-variable-numbers-of-tandem-repeats-in-the-carboxyl-ester-lipase-cel-gene-may-confer-susceptibility-to-alcoholic-liver-cirrhosis-but-not-alcoholic-chronic-pancreatitis
#9
Karianne Fjeld, Sebastian Beer, Marianne Johnstone, Constantin Zimmer, Joachim Mössner, Claudia Ruffert, Mario Krehan, Christian Zapf, Pål Rasmus Njølstad, Stefan Johansson, Peter Bugert, Fabio Miyajima, Triantafillos Liloglou, Laura J Brown, Simon A Winn, Kelly Davies, Diane Latawiec, Bridget K Gunson, David N Criddle, Munir Pirmohamed, Robert Grützmann, Patrick Michl, William Greenhalf, Anders Molven, Robert Sutton, Jonas Rosendahl
BACKGROUND: Carboxyl-ester lipase (CEL) contributes to fatty acid ethyl ester metabolism, which is implicated in alcoholic pancreatitis. The CEL gene harbours a variable number of tandem repeats (VNTR) region in exon 11. Variation in this VNTR has been linked to monogenic pancreatic disease, while conflicting results were reported for chronic pancreatitis (CP). Here, we aimed to investigate a potential association of CEL VNTR lengths with alcoholic CP. METHODS: Overall, 395 alcoholic CP patients, 218 patients with alcoholic liver cirrhosis (ALC) serving as controls with a comparable amount of alcohol consumed, and 327 healthy controls from Germany and the United Kingdom (UK) were analysed by determination of fragment lengths by capillary electrophoresis...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787224/internal-parasitic-fauna-of-elk-alces-alces-in-poland
#10
Katarzyna J Filip, Aleksander W Demiaszkiewicz
The abundance of elk (Alces alces) in Poland at the beginning of 2016 reached over 28 000 individual animals. However, little is still known about health status of elk population in the country. In particular, important health issue tend to be parasitic diseases which are the most common diseases in wild animals. Special emphasis should be given to the parasitofauna of elks. Their ability to move over great distances increases the chance of parasitic infestations in new areas and transmission to other wild animals and livestock...
December 1, 2016: Acta Parasitologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784827/diagnostic-performance-of-automated-liquid-culture-and-molecular-line-probe-assay-in-smear-negative-pulmonary-tuberculosis
#11
Aarti Kotwal, Debasis Biswas, Shailendra Raghuvanshi, Girish Sindhwani, Barnali Kakati, Shweta Sharma
The diagnosis of smear-negative pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) is particularly challenging, and automated liquid culture and molecular line probe assays (LPA) may prove particularly useful. The objective of our study was to evaluate the diagnostic potential of automated liquid culture (ALC) technology and commercial LPA in sputum smear-negative PTB suspects. Spot sputum samples were collected from 145 chest-symptomatic smear-negative patients and subjected to ALC, direct drug susceptibility test (DST) testing and LPA, as per manufacturers' instructions...
October 26, 2016: Tropical Doctor
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784365/-effect-of-lymphocyte-monocyte-ratio-on-clinical-features-and-prognosis-of-patients-with-primary-gastrointestinal-diffuse-large-b-cell-lymphoma
#12
Yu-Xiu Xu, Yong-Gang Zhang, Chun-Ling Xu, Nong-Jun Liu
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the effect of lymphocyte/monocyte ratio(LMR) on clinical features and prognosis of patients with primary gastrointestinal diffuse large B cell lymphoma(PGI-DLBCL). METHODS: The clinical data of 38 PGI-DLBCL patients with complete follow-up data in our hospital were analyzed retrospectively. The absolute lymphocyte count(ALC), absolute monocyte count(AMC) and LMR were counted by automating complete blood cell count statistics in newly diagnosed patients, and then the LMR cut off value was obtained by ROC curve...
October 2016: Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771504/changes-in-the-levels-of-l-carnitine-acetyl-l-carnitine-and-propionyl-l-carnitine-are-involved-in-perfluorooctanoic-acid-induced-developmental-cardiotoxicity-in-chicken-embryo
#13
Qixiao Jiang, Chunbo Wang, Chan Xue, Lingfang Xue, Meiting Wang, Changhao Li, Ziwen Deng, Qian Wang
Perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA), a persistent organic pollutant, is associated with developmental toxicity. This study investigated the mechanism of PFOA-induced developmental cardiotoxicity in chicken embryo, focusing on the interactions between developmental exposure to PFOA and the levels of l-carnitine (LC), acetyl-l-carnitine (ALC) and propionyl-l-carnitine (PLC) in the heart. To evaluate the developmental cardiotoxicity, fertile chicken eggs were exposed to 0.1, 0.5, 1, 2 or 5mg/kg PFOA via air cell injection...
October 19, 2016: Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770156/-arthroscopic-refixation-of-acute-proximal-anterior-cruciate-ligament-rupture-using-suture-anchors
#14
A Achtnich, S Rosslenbroich, K Beitzel, A B Imhoff, W Petersen
OBJECTIVE: Arthroscopic assisted suture anchor refixation combined with microfracturing of the femoral ACL insertion zone in cases of acute proximal anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) rupture to restore anatomical and biomechanical properties of the native ACL. INDICATIONS: Acute proximal ACL rupture/avulsion, multiligament injury of the knee CONTRAINDICATIONS: Chronic (>6 weeks) proximal ACL rupture, intraligamentary rupture, as well as previous ACL surgery. SURGICAL TECHNIQUE: Arthroscopic examination of the knee joint, debridement of the femoral insertion zone, examination of the ligament quality by a probe, insertion of a curved lasso through the ACL to place the sutures and use of a drill guide to place the anchor in the middle of the femoral ACL insertion...
October 21, 2016: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27764805/nivolumab-for-advanced-melanoma-pretreatment-prognostic-factors-and-early-outcome-markers-during-therapy
#15
Yoshio Nakamura, Shigehisa Kitano, Akira Takahashi, Arata Tsutsumida, Kenjiro Namikawa, Keiji Tanese, Takayuki Abe, Takeru Funakoshi, Noboru Yamamoto, Masayuki Amagai, Naoya Yamazaki
BACKGROUND: An anti-programmed cell death protein 1 monoclonal antibody, nivolumab, is one of the most effective drugs for advanced melanoma. Tumor cell-derived or immune cell-derived markers and clinical predictors such as serum lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and cutaneous adverse events, have already been described as prognostic factors for advanced melanoma treated with nivolumab. We sought to identify further clinical predictors that can be determined in routine clinical practice. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed clinical findings of 98 consecutive patients with unresectable stage III or IV melanoma treated with nivolumab, at the National Cancer Center Hospital or at Keio University Hospital, in Tokyo, Japan, between July 2014 and July 2016...
October 15, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759882/impairments-in-component-processes-of-executive-function-and-episodic-memory-in-alcoholism-hiv-infection-and-hiv-infection-with-alcoholism-comorbidity
#16
Rosemary Fama, Edith V Sullivan, Stephanie A Sassoon, Adolf Pfefferbaum, Natalie M Zahr
BACKGROUND: Executive functioning and episodic memory impairment occur in HIV infection (HIV) and chronic alcoholism (ALC). Comorbidity of these conditions (HIV + ALC) is prevalent and heightens risk of vulnerability to separate and compounded deficits. Age and disease-related variables can also serve as mediators of cognitive impairment and should be considered, given the extended longevity of HIV-infected individuals in this era of improved pharmacological therapy. METHODS: HIV, ALC, HIV + ALC, and normal controls (NC) were administered traditional and computerized tests of executive function and episodic memory...
December 2016: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752769/sarcocystis-entzerothi-n-sp-from-the-european-roe-deer-capreolus-capreolus
#17
Petras Prakas, Eglė Rudaitytė, Dalius Butkauskas, Liuda Kutkienė
In the present study, we describe Sarcocystis entzerothi n. sp. from the European roe deer (Capreolus capreolus) based on the microscopical and DNA analysis. By light microscopy (LM), cysts of S. entzerothi were spindle-shaped with pointed tips, 950-1900 × 70-150 μm in size and had 5-6 μm long finger-like cyst wall protrusions. Cyst wall of S. entzerothi by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) was type 10a-like; villar protrusions were up to 1.2 μm wide, densely packed, lying about 0.1 μm between each other, had profuse microgranules and microfilaments, parasitophorous vacuolar membrane had many minute invaginations, and the ground substance layer measured up to 0...
October 18, 2016: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743325/relationship-between-cd-and-zn-concentration-in-the-kidneys-liver-and-muscles-of-moose-alces-alces-from-north-eastern-poland
#18
Michał Skibniewski, Ewa M Skibniewska, Tadeusz Kośla, Katarzyna Olbrych
The aim of the study was to evaluate the cadmium and zinc content in the kidneys and liver of moose from north-eastern Poland. Animals were divided with respect to their age. The mean concentration of cadmium in the kidneys of moose studied was 11.31 mg kg(-1), while in the liver it amounted to 2.68 mg kg(-1). Age had a significant effect on the content of cadmium in both organs. In the muscles of most animals studied, the cadmium concentrations were below the detection limit. Elevated concentrations were found in three individuals only...
October 14, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737946/rumen-microbiota-for-wild-boreal-cervids-living-in-the-same-habitat
#19
Kjartan Østbye, Robert Wilson, Knut Rudi
Knowledge about the factors shaping the rumen microbiota in wild animals is limited. Therefore, the aim of this study was to compare the microbiota from the three cervid species moose (Alces alces, n = 5), red deer (Cervus elaphus, n = 4) and roe deer (Capreolus capreolus, n = 12), sharing the same habitat. Using deep 16S rRNA gene sequencing, we found that the largest species moose had the highest number of unique Operational Taxonomic Units (OTUs). Furthermore, red deer and moose, shared more of the microbiota, compared with the smallest species, roe deer, with Firmicutes and Euryarchaeota being significantly overrepresented for the shared microbiota...
October 12, 2016: FEMS Microbiology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27718154/prognostic-significance-of-immune-cells-in-the-tumor-microenvironment-and-peripheral-blood-of-gallbladder-carcinoma-patients
#20
Y Zhang, C Ma, M Wang, H Hou, L Cui, C Jiang, J Sun, X Qu
BACKGROUND: The role of the interaction between tumor cells and inflammatory cells in gallbladder carcinoma (GBC) is unclear. Inflammatory cells exist in both the tumor immune microenvironment and the host peripheral blood circulatory system. In the current study, we examined the prognostic value of inflammatory cells in the tumor microenvironment and peripheral blood in patients with GBC. METHODS: 98 patients with GBC were recruited in this retrospective study...
October 7, 2016: Clinical & Translational Oncology
keyword
keyword
46867
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"