Read by QxMD icon Read


Fatima Ali, Faisal Alsayegh, Prem Sharma, Mohammad Waheedi, Tania Bayoud, Faisal Alrefai
BACKGROUND: The effects of diabetes mellitus on the differential white blood cell count are not widely studied in the Arab populations. The objective of this cross-sectional, retrospective study is to assess the influence of chronic diabetes mellitus on white blood cell counts, absolute neutrophil (ANC) and lymphocyte counts (ALC) as well as the prevalence of benign ethnic neutropenia among Arabs attending the Dasman Diabetes Institute (DDI) in Kuwait. METHODS AND FINDINGS: 1,580 out of 5,200 patients registered in the DDI database qualified for our study...
2018: PloS One
Penny Fang, Wen Jiang, Rajayogesh Davuluri, Cai Xu, Sunil Krishnan, Radhe Mohan, Albert C Koong, Charles C Hsu, Steven H Lin
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Neoadjuvant chemoradiation (nCRT) can reduce tumor infiltrating lymphocytes. We examined absolute lymphocyte count (ALC) nadir during nCRT for esophageal cancer (EC) and pathologic complete response (pCR). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with stage I-IVA EC (n = 313) treated 2007-2013 with nCRT followed by surgery were analyzed. ALC was obtained before, during/weekly, and one month after CRT. pCR was defined as no viable tumor cells at surgery...
March 9, 2018: Radiotherapy and Oncology: Journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology
Larissa Minicucci, Michelle Carstensen, John Crouse, Jon M Arnemo, Alina Evans
Recent uses for rumen boluses, such as mortality implant transmitters (MITs), in wildlife have made it necessary to adapt deployment techniques developed for livestock. In 29 and 30 attempts to place MITs in Minnesota free-ranging moose ( Alces alces) in 2013 and 2014, respectively, success was achieved 83% and 63% of the time. In 2014, new methods for MIT deployment were evaluated in captive moose in Alaska. Mandible measurements provided guidance for selection of an appropriate-sized bolus applicator. A Schulze mouth gag was used to aid insertion of the applicator, and canola oil was used to lubricate the bolus to facilitate swallowing...
March 2018: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
David Darevsky, Thomas Michael Gill, Katherine Rose Vitale, Bing Hu, Scott Andrew Wegner, Frederic Woodward Hopf
Compulsive alcohol drinking, where intake persists regardless of adverse consequences, plays a major role in the substantial costs of alcohol use disorder. However, the processes that promote aversion-resistant drinking remain poorly understood. Compulsion-like responding has been considered automatic and reflexive and also to involve higher motivation, since drinking persists despite adversity. Thus, we used lickometry, where microstructural behavioral changes can reflect altered motivation, to test whether conflict-resistant intake [quinine-alcohol (QuiA)] reflected greater automaticity or motivation relative to alcohol-only drinking (Alc)...
March 8, 2018: Addiction Biology
Dong-Mei Su, Ying Feng, Lin Wang, Yi-Lun Wu, Ren-Shan Ge, Xue Ma
Leydig cells are the main endogenous testosterone synthesis cells in the body. Testosterone is an essential hormone in males that affects metabolism, emotion, and pubertal development. However, little is known about the development of Leydig cells and relationship between fetal Leydig cells (FLCs) and adult Leydig cells (ALCs). The aims of this study were to investigate the effect of (FLCs) on ALC development. Our study showed that FLCs in neonatal rat testis can be eliminated by 100 mg/kg ethane dimethane sulfonate (EDS) treatment without affecting the health of newborn rats...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Reproduction and Development
W A Werbel, M G Ison, M P Angarone, A Yang, V Stosor
BACKGROUND: Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia (PJP) affected 5-15% of solid organ transplant (SOT) recipients prior to universal prophylaxis, classically with trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (TMP-SMX). Guidelines generally recommend 6-12 months of prophylaxis post SOT, yet optimal duration and robust PJP risk stratification have not been established. METHODS: A retrospective, single-center, case-control study of PJP among SOT recipients from January 1998 to December 2013 was conducted...
March 7, 2018: Transplant Infectious Disease: An Official Journal of the Transplantation Society
Danielle E Ramo, Manpreet Kaur, Ella S Corpuz, Derek D Satre, Kevin Delucchi, Sandra A Brown, Judith J Prochaska
INTRODUCTION: Tobacco and alcohol often are used simultaneously by young adults, and their co-use is associated with greater health consequences than from single use. Social media platforms offer low cost and highly accessible channels to reach and engage young people in substance use interventions. The current trial seeks to compare the Facebook Tobacco Status Project (TSP) smoking cessation intervention to an intervention targeting both tobacco use and heavy episodic drinking (TSP + ALC) among young adults who use both substances...
March 3, 2018: Contemporary Clinical Trials
Mélanie Brion, Valérie Dormal, Séverine Lannoy, Serge Mertens, Philippe de Timary, Pierre Maurage
BACKGROUND: Alcohol-dependent individuals (ALC) simultaneously present decreased inhibitory control and increased attention towards alcohol-related cues. The dual-process models have proposed that these symptoms reflect an imbalance between prefrontal/reflective and limbic/automatic systems, respectively leading to cognitive dysfunctions in executive processes and to alcohol-related bias. However, most previous research has focused on a separate exploration of these systems among ALC, and the direct measure of their interactions remains to be conducted...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
Canan Akay, Merve Çakırbay Tanış, Emre Mumcu, Mehmet Ali Kılıçarslan, Murat Şen
PURPOSE: The purpose of this in vitro study is to examine the effects of a nano-structured alumina coating on the adhesion between resin cements and zirconia ceramics using a four-point bending test. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 100 pairs of zirconium bar specimens were prepared with dimensions of 25 mm × 2 mm × 5 mm and cementation surfaces of 5 mm × 2 mm. The samples were divided into 5 groups of 20 pairs each. The groups are as follows: Group I (C) - Control with no surface modification, Group II (APA) - airborne-particle-abrasion with 110 µm high-purity aluminum oxide (Al2 O3 ) particles, Group III (ROC) - airborne-particle-abrasion with 110 µm silica modified aluminum oxide (Al2 O3 + SiO2 ) particles, Group IV (TCS) - tribochemical silica coated with Al2 O3 particles, and Group V (AlC) - nano alumina coating...
February 2018: Journal of Advanced Prosthodontics
Luca D Borruso, Nicholas A Buckley, Katharine A Kirby, Gregory Carter, Jennifer L Pilgrim, Kate M Chitty
The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between alcohol co-ingestion in an index deliberate self-poisoning (DSP) episode with repeated DSP and subsequent suicide. A retrospective cohort study was conducted involving 5,669 consecutive index presentations to a toxicology service following DSP between January 1, 1996, and October 31, 2010. Records were probabilistically matched to National Coronial Information System data to identify subsequent suicide. Index DSPs were categorized on co-ingestion of alcohol, and primary outcomes analyzed were repetition of any DSP, rates of repeated DSP, time to first repeat DSP, and subsequent suicide...
March 2, 2018: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
Ryohei Ohtani, Masahiro Mori, Tomohiko Uchida, Akiyuki Uzawa, Hiroki Masuda, Jia Liu, Satoshi Kuwabara
Background: Lymphopenia is a well-known adverse event of fingolimod, a disease-modifying drug for multiple sclerosis (MS). Objectives: The objective of this paper is to investigate risk factors for predicting fingolimod-induced lymphopenia in MS by frequent hematological monitoring. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed data of fingolimod-treated MS patients. Data assessed were sex, age, disease duration, medication history, body mass index, all attacks, Kurtzke's Expanded Disability Status Scale score, and absolute lymphocyte count (ALC) within two days before initiating fingolimod (baseline), on the day after first administration (day 2), and at least every other month after initiating fingolimod therapy...
January 2018: Multiple Sclerosis Journal—Experimental, Translational and Clinical
Yuichiro Nishida, Minako Iyadomi, Hirotaka Tominaga, Hiroaki Taniguchi, Yasuki Higaki, Hiroaki Tanaka, Chisato Shimanoe, Megumi Hara, Keitaro Tanaka
The purpose of the current study was to examine the influence of single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-δ (PPAR-δ), PPAR-γ, and α2 isoforms of the catalytic subunit of AMP-activated protein kinase (PRKAA2) on the extent of changes in anthropometric indices and blood measurements through exercise-centered lifestyle intervention in middle-aged men. A total of 109 Japanese middle-aged male subjects (47.0 ± 0.4 years) participated in the baseline health checkup, 6-month exercise-centered lifestyle intervention, and second checkup conducted several months after the subject completed the intervention...
March 1, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Melanie A Wakefield, Emily Brennan, Kimberley Dunstone, Sarah J Durkin, Helen G Dixon, Simone Pettigrew, Michael D Slater
AIMS: To compare the immediate effects on drinkers of television advertisements focusing upon short- versus long-term harms with and without low-risk drinking guidelines. DESIGN: Between-participants on-line experiment, with random assignment to view: (a) alcohol product advertisements (ALC control); (b) advertisements unrelated to alcohol (NON-ALC control); (c) advertisements featuring short-term harms (STH) of alcohol; (d) advertisements featuring STH plus a STH guideline (STH+G); (e) advertisements featuring long-term harms (LTH); or (f) advertisements featuring LTH plus a LTH guideline (LTH+G)...
February 27, 2018: Addiction
Theodore S Kalbfleisch, Brenda M Murdoch, Timothy P L Smith, James D Murdoch, Michael P Heaton, Stephanie D McKay
Background : Moose ( Alces alces ) colonized the North American continent from Asia less than 15,000 years ago, and spread across the boreal forest regions of Canada and the northern United States (US).  Contemporary populations have low genetic diversity, due either to low number of individuals in the original migration (founder effect), and/or subsequent population bottlenecks in North America.  Genetic tests based on informative single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) markers are helpful in forensic and wildlife conservation activities, but have been difficult to develop for moose, due to the lack of a reference genome assembly and whole genome sequence (WGS) data...
2018: F1000Research
Wenyu Wang, Qinyan Yue, Ruihua Li, Fan Bu, Xue Shen, Baoyu Gao
This study investigated membrane fouling in a coagulation/ultrafiltration (C-UF) process by comparing the floc properties and humic acid (HA) removal efficiency of three hydrous Al(III) species (Ala , Alb , and Alc ). The results indicated that the coagulation and membrane mechanisms were different for all three Al species because of the differences in floc properties. The HA removal efficiency increased with increasing Al dosage until an equilibrium was reached at the optimal dosage of 6 mg L-1 . In addition, membrane fouling gradually decreased as the Al dosages increased...
February 19, 2018: Chemosphere
Clara Inés Ortiz-Ramírez, Sayonara Plata-Arboleda, Natalia Pabón-Mora
Background and Aims: The genetic basis of fruit development has been extensively studied in Arabidopsis, where major transcription factors controlling valve identity (i.e. FRUITFULL), replum development (i.e. REPLUMLESS) and the differentiation of the dehiscence zones (i.e. SHATTERPROOF, INDEHISCENT and ALCATRAZ) have been identified. This gene regulatory network in other flowering plants is influenced by duplication events during angiosperm diversification. Here we aim to characterize candidate fruit development genes in the Solanaceae and compare them with those of Brassicaceae...
February 17, 2018: Annals of Botany
Lingxia Wu, Xianbo Lu, Dhanjai, Zhong-Shuai Wu, Yanfeng Dong, Xiaohui Wang, Shuanghao Zheng, Jiping Chen
MXene-Ti 3 C 2 , as a new class of two-dimensional (2D) transition metal carbides (or nitrides), has been synthesized by exfoliating pristine Ti 3 AlC 2 phases with hydrofluoric acid. The SEM and XRD images show that the resultant MXene possesses a graphene-like 2D nanostructure. and the surface of MXene has been partially terminated with -OH, thus providing a favorable microenvironment for enzyme immobilization and retaining their bioactivity and stability. Considering the unique metallic conductivity, biocompatibility and good dispersion in aqueous phase, the as-prepared MXene was explored as a new matrix to immobilize tyrosinase (a model enzyme) for fabricating a mediator-free biosensor for ultrasensitive and rapid detection of phenol...
February 8, 2018: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Alessandra Romano, Nunziatina Laura Parrinello, Calogero Vetro, Annalisa Chiarenza, Claudio Cerchione, Massimo Ippolito, Giuseppe Alberto Palumbo, Francesco Di Raimondo
Recent reports identify NLR (the ratio between absolute neutrophils counts, ANC, and absolute lymphocyte count, ALC), as predictor of progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) in cancer patients. We retrospectively tested NLR and LMR (the ratio between absolute lymphocyte and monocyte counts) in newly diagnosed Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) patients treated upfront with a PET-2 risk-adapted strategy. NLR and LMR were calculated using records obtained from the complete blood count (CBC) from 180 newly diagnosed HL patients...
February 14, 2018: Annals of Hematology
Lan Wei, Minmin Yao, Zhimeng Zhao, Hui Jiang, Shengjin Ge
BACKGROUND: Silent Information Regulator 1 (Sirt1) and apoptosis play key roles in postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD). Consuming a high-fat diet (HFD), a prevalent type of diet in modern society, has been increasingly recognized as contributing to neurodegenerative diseases. Although Sirt1 and apoptosis are significant responders to HFD in the brain, little is known regarding the functional correlations between HFD and POCD. METHODS: Thirty-two aged C57BL/6 male mice were randomly divided into 2 groups: an ad libitum (AL) group (fed a regular diet) and high-fat diet (HF) group (fed a high-fat diet)...
February 13, 2018: BMC Anesthesiology
Yu Yan, Hua Qian, Hongda Jiang, Haiyang Yu, Liyao Sun, Xi Wei, Yunduan Sun, Hongyan Ge, Haizhou Zhou, Xiaoguang Li, Takashi Hashimoto, Xianling Tang, Ping Liu
Cataracts are the most common eye disease to cause blindness in patients. The abnormal deposition of laminins (LMs) in the lens capsule and the disruption of capsular epithelium contribute to cataract development, although the mechanism by which this occurs is currently unclear. The present study aimed to reproduce HLE B‑3 basement membranes (BMs) using HLE B‑3 cells and to analyze the similarities of LM expression between HLE B‑3 BMs and human anterior lens capsule (ALC). Immunohistochemistry (IHC), ELISA, western blot analysis and immunoprecipitation (IP)‑western blot analysis were used to detect total LMs, LM trimers and 11 LM subunits in HLE B‑3 cells, HLE B‑3 BMs and human ALCs...
February 8, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"