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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334323/development-of-functional-agricultural-products-utilizing-the-new-health-claim-labeling-system-in-japan
#1
Mari Maeda-Yamamoto, Toshio Ohtani
In April 2015, Consumer Affairs Agency of Japan launched a new food labeling system known as "Foods with Function Claims (FFC)." Under this system, the food industry independently evaluates scientific evidence on foods and describes their functional properties. As of May 23, 2017, 1023 FFC containing 8 fresh foods have been launched. Meanwhile, to clarify the health-promoting effects of agricultural products, National Agriculture and Food Research Organization (NARO) implemented the "Research Project on Development of Agricultural Products" and demonstrated the risk reduction of osteoporosis of β-cryptoxanthin rich Satsuma mandarins and the anti-allergic effect of the O-methylated catechin rich tea cultivar Benifuuki...
January 15, 2018: Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333047/assessment-of-nutritional-quality-and-global-antioxidant-response-of-banana-musa-sp-cv-nanjangud-rasa-bale-pseudostem-and-flower
#2
Ramith Ramu, Prithvi S Shirahatti, K R Anilakumar, Shivasharanappa Nayakavadi, Farhan Zameer, B L Dhananjaya, M N Nagendra Prasad
Background: The assessment of the nutritional composition and phytochemical screening of banana pseudostem (PB) and flower (FB) advocate this nonconventional food source for routine consumption, considering its various health benefits. Objectives: The aim is to assess the proximate nutrient composition, fatty acids, minerals, amino acid profile, and global antioxidant response (GAR) of PB and FB. Methods: Standard analytical procedures were used to determine the nutritional quality and GAR of PB and FB...
December 2017: Pharmacognosy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331852/no-time-to-waste-organic-waste-nanosizing-converts-remains-of-food-processing-into-refined-materials
#3
Sharoon Griffin, Muhammad Sarfraz, Verda Farida, Muhammad Jawad Nasim, Azubuike P Ebokaiwe, Cornelia M Keck, Claus Jacob
Modern food processing results in considerable amounts of side-products, such as grape seeds, walnut shells, spent coffee grounds, and harvested tomato plants. These materials are still rich in valuable and biologically active substances and therefore of interest from the perspective of waste management and "up-cycling". In contrast to traditional, often time consuming and low-value uses, such as vermicomposting and anaerobic digestion, the complete conversion into nanosuspensions unlocks considerable potentials of and new applications for such already spent organic materials without the need of extraction and without producing any additional waste...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328987/total-mercury-content-in-commercial-swordfish-xiphias-gladius-from-different-fao-fishing-areas
#4
Mauro Esposito, Antonella De Roma, Raffaella La Nucara, Giuseppe Picazio, Pasquale Gallo
Mercury (Hg) is a global pollutant that affect human and ecosystem health. It is transferred through trophic level and bio magnification in the food chain. In this study, total Hg was measured in the muscular tissue of samples of swordfish (Xiphias gladius) from different FAO fishing areas and imported in Italy between 2014 and 2017. Total mercury concentrations of muscular tissues were determined using cold vapour atomic absorption spectrometry. In order to assess the health risk associated with human consumption of this fish, the Hg intake values were calculated and compared with those of provisional tolerable daily intake (PTDI) (0...
January 9, 2018: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328807/conversion-of-agricultural-streams-and-food-processing-by-products-to-value-added-compounds-using-filamentous-fungi
#5
Lauryn G Chan, Joshua L Cohen, Juliana Maria Leite Nobrega de Moura Bell
The design of new food products and increased agricultural activities have produced a diversity of waste streams or by-products that contain a high load of organic matter. The underutilization of these streams presents a serious threat to the environment and to the financial viability of the agricultural sector and the food industry. Oleaginous microorganisms, such as yeast and microalgae, have been used to convert the organic matter present in many agricultural waste streams into an oil-rich biomass. Filamentous fungi are promising oleaginous microorganisms because of their high lipid accumulation potential and simple biomass recovery, the latter being related to their pellet-like growth morphology in submerged cultivation...
January 12, 2018: Annual Review of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322075/data-about-knowledge-and-tendency-towards-organic-foods-use-in-tehran
#6
Fariba Razeghi, Ehsan Haghi, Masoud Yunesian
Improper use of chemical fertilizer and pesticide poses not only threats to the environmental safety but also major public health issues globally. The adverse effects of chemical fertilizers and pesticides forced agricultural scientist to look for safer methods such as organic farming. This study was aimed at assessing the knowledge and tendency towards organic foods use among people of living in a megacity, Tehran. Data was collected from "fall exhibition" and "health food exhibition" participants using pretested questionnaire...
February 2018: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306143/arsenic-adsorption-and-plant-availability-in-an-agricultural-soil-irrigated-with-as-rich-water-effects-of-fe-rich-amendments-and-organic-and-inorganic-fertilisers
#7
Elena Arco-Lázaro, Tania Pardo, Rafael Clemente, Ma Pilar Bernal
The use of As-rich water for irrigation in agricultural soils may result in As accumulation in soil and crops, with the consequent risk of its entry into the food chain. The effectiveness of three different Fe-based materials (a commercial iron oxide (Bayoxide®), lamination slag (a by-product of the hot rolling of steel) and a commercial red mud derivative (ViroBind™)) used as soil amendments to minimise the impact of irrigation with As-rich water in an agricultural soil-plant system was evaluated in a pot experiment...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302994/environmental-impact-and-bioremediation-of-seleniferous-soils-and-sediments
#8
Shrutika L Wadgaonkar, Yarlagadda V Nancharaiah, Giovanni Esposito, Piet N L Lens
Selenium concentrations in the soil environment are directly linked to its transfer in the food chain, eventually causing either deficiency or toxicity associated with several physiological dysfunctions in animals and humans. Selenium bioavailability depends on its speciation in the soil environment, which is mainly influenced by the prevailing pH, redox potential, and organic matter content of the soil. The selenium cycle in the environment is primarily mediated through chemical and biological selenium transformations...
January 5, 2018: Critical Reviews in Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302909/effects-of-earthworm-casts-on-sorption-desorption-degradation-and-bioavailability-of-nonylphenol-in-soil
#9
Lei Jiang, Yi Yang, Lin Xian Jia, Ying Liu, Bo Pan, Yong Lin
Up to hundreds of milligrams per kilogram (dry weight) of nonylphenol (NP) reportedly entered the soil and sediment through the agricultural reuse of biosolids, pesticide application, etc. Organic pollutants in soil could not only further trigger groundwater contamination via leaching (that highly depends upon sorption-desorption and degradation phenomena) but also harm food safety by crop uptake (that mainly rests with the bioavailability of pollutants in soil). Thus, we first investigated the effects of earthworm casts (EWCs) on the sorption-desorption, degradation, and bioavailability of NP in soil under laboratory microcosm conditions, and then, analyzed the FT-IR spectra of EWC and soil samples (with and without EWC)...
January 4, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302776/epidemiological-situation-of-transboundary-animal-diseases-in-north-african-countries-proposition-of-a-regional-control-strategy
#10
REVIEW
Moustafa Kardjadj
The Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) defined transboundary animal diseases (TADs) as those that are of significant economic, trade, and food security importance for a considerable number of countries. TADs can easily spread to other countries, reach epidemic proportions, and where control, management, or exclusion is required cooperation between several countries. The North African countries are vulnerable to several TADs by virtue of its geographical location, its borders with the Sahel region, and peculiar control constraints on the budgets of the national veterinary services of each country and on the livelihoods of livestock owners across the region...
January 5, 2018: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299996/consumer-perception-of-sustainability-attributes-in-organic-and-local-food
#11
Azzurra Annunziata
BACKGROUND: Although sustainable food consumption is gaining growing importance on the international agenda, research on this subject is still quite fragmented and most studies analyse single aspects of sustainable food consumption with particular reference to environmental sustainability. In addition, the literature highlights the need to take account of the strong heterogeneity of consumers in studying sustainable behaviour. Identifying consumer segments with common profiles, needs and values is essential for developing effective communication strategies to promote sustainability in food consumption...
December 14, 2017: Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291566/going-with-the-flow-planktonic-processing-of-dissolved-organic-carbon-in-streams
#12
Daniel Graeber, Jane Rosenstand Poulsen, Marlen Heinz, Jes J Rasmussen, Dominik Zak, Björn Gücker, Brian Kronvang, Norbert Kamjunke
A large part of the organic carbon in streams is transported by pulses of terrestrial dissolved organic carbon (tDOC) during hydrological events, which is more pronounced in agricultural catchments due to their hydrological flashiness. The majority of the literature considers stationary benthic biofilms and hyporheic biofilms to dominate uptake and processing of tDOC. Here, we argue for expanding this viewpoint to planktonic bacteria, which are transported downstream together with tDOC pulses, and thus perceive them as a less variable resource relative to stationary benthic bacteria...
December 29, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288903/environmental-and-human-health-risk-indicators-for-agricultural-pesticides-in-estuaries
#13
Elsa Teresa Rodrigues, Maria Fátima Alpendurada, Fernando Ramos, Miguel Ângelo Pardal
The present study aims to contribute to a better assessment of pesticide environmental and human health (here evaluated in the context of human exposure via food items) risks for the estuarine system by comprehensively studying the spatial and temporal occurrence of the pesticides atrazine, azoxystrobin, bentazon, λ-cyhalothrin, penoxsulam and terbuthylazine in the River Mondego estuary (Portugal). Pesticide quantification was performed in surface water, sediment, macroalgae (Ulva spp., Gracilaria gracilis, Fucus vesiculosus), aquatic plants (Zostera noltii, Spartina maritime, Scirpus maritimus) and bivalves (Scrobicularia plana)...
December 27, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288298/persistent-organochlorine-pesticides-in-aquatic-environments-and-fishes-in-taiwan-and-their-risk-assessment
#14
Geng-Ruei Chang
Organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) are ubiquitous contaminants with high bioaccumulation and persistence in the environment; they can have adverse effects in humans and animals. This study examined residual concentrations in water, sediments, and fishes as well as the association between the health risks of OCPs and fish consumption in the Taiwanese population. Various water and sediment samples from Taiwanese aquaculture and fish samples from different sources were collected and analyzed through gas chromatography tandem mass spectrometry to determine the concentrations of 20 OCPs, namely, aldrin; cis-chlordane; trans-chlordane; dieldrin; endrin; alpha-endosulfan; beta-endosulfan; heptachlor; hexachlorobenzene; alpha-hexachlorocyclohexane; beta-hexachlorocyclohexane; lindane; mirex; pentachlorobenzene; o,p'-dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT); p,p'-DDT; and DDT metabolites (o,p'-dichlorodiphenyldichloroethane [DDD]; p,p'-DDD; o,p'-dichlorodiphenyldichloroethylene [DDE]; and p,p'-DDE)...
December 29, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284305/how-functional-is-moringa-oleifera-a-review-of-its-nutritive-medicinal-and-socioeconomic-potential
#15
Oluwadara Oluwaseun Alegbeleye
Moringa oleifera is an important tropical food plant that seems to have great nutritional, therapeutic, industrial, agricultural, and socioeconomic values. Dietary consumption of its parts and preparations is encouraged by several organizations, health food enthusiasts, and other specialists as a strategy of personal health preservation and self-medication in the treatment of various diseases. Studies extoling its ability to mitigate various degenerative ailments now exist in both the scientific and the popular literature...
January 1, 2017: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251619/-the-influence-of-enzymatic-removal-of-chlorpyrifos-from-feed-grain-mixture-on-the-biochemical-parameters-of-rat-blood
#16
O V Maslova, O V Senko, E N Efremenko
Organophosphorus pesticides (OP) are used to protect crops from pests. Treatment of plants and animals with pesticides can be done during their growth or creation of conditions necessary for the long-shelf life of the agricultural products. Currently, there are many remedies for prevention and removal of intoxication consequences developed under the action of OP in living organisms. The development of biologics for the degradation of OP and biotechnologies for their application in agriculture is relevant. New biologics based on the stabilized forms of such enzyme as hexahistidine-tagged organophosphorus hydrolase (His6-OPH) in the form of nano-sized particles were tried for OP detoxification...
November 2017: Biomedit︠s︡inskai︠a︡ Khimii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245134/phosphorus-recovery-and-reuse-by-pyrolysis-applications-for-agriculture-and-environment
#17
REVIEW
Daquan Sun, Lauren Hale, Gourango Kar, Raju Soolanayakanahally, Sina Adl
Phosphorus ore extraction for soil fertilization supports the demand of modern agriculture, but extractable resource limitations, due to scarcity, impose a P reuse and recycling research agenda. Here we propose to integrate biochar production (pyrogenic carbon) with municipal and agricultural waste management systems, to recover and reuse phosphorous that would otherwise be lost from the ecological food web. A meta-analysis and available data on total P in biochar indicated that P-enriched feedstocks include animal manure, human excreta, and plant-biomass collected from P-polluted sites...
December 7, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232921/the-importance-of-the-circadian-clock-in-regulating-plant-metabolism
#18
REVIEW
Jin A Kim, Hyun-Soon Kim, Seo-Hwa Choi, Ji-Young Jang, Mi-Jeong Jeong, Soo In Lee
Carbohydrates are the primary energy source for plant development. Plants synthesize sucrose in source organs and transport them to sink organs during plant growth. This metabolism is sensitive to environmental changes in light quantity, quality, and photoperiod. In the daytime, the synthesis of sucrose and starch accumulates, and starch is degraded at nighttime. The circadian clock genes provide plants with information on the daily environmental changes and directly control many developmental processes, which are related to the path of primary metabolites throughout the life cycle...
December 11, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232381/effects-of-experimental-nitrogen-fertilization-on-planktonic-metabolism-and-co2-flux-in-a-hypereutrophic-hardwater-lake
#19
Matthew J Bogard, Kerri Finlay, Marley J Waiser, Vijay P Tumber, Derek B Donald, Emma Wiik, Gavin L Simpson, Paul A Del Giorgio, Peter R Leavitt
Hardwater lakes are common in human-dominated regions of the world and often experience pollution due to agricultural and urban effluent inputs of inorganic and organic nitrogen (N). Although these lakes are landscape hotspots for CO2 exchange and food web carbon (C) cycling, the effect of N enrichment on hardwater lake food web functioning and C cycling patterns remains unclear. Specifically, it is unknown if different eutrophication scenarios (e.g., modest non point vs. extreme point sources) yield consistent effects on auto- and heterotrophic C cycling, or how biotic responses interact with the inorganic C system to shape responses of air-water CO2 exchange...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219224/the-effects-of-pastoral-intensification-on-the-feeding-interactions-of-generalist-predators-in-streams
#20
C E Pearson, W O C Symondson, E L Clare, S J Ormerod, E Iparraguirre Bolaños, I P Vaughan
Land use change can alter trophic interactions with wide-ranging functional consequences, yet the consequences for aquatic food webs have been little-studied. In part, this may reflect the challenges of resolving the diets of aquatic organisms using classical gut contents analysis, especially for soft-bodied prey. We used next generation sequencing to resolve prey use in nearly 400 individuals of two predatory invertebrates (the Caddisfly, Rhyacophila dorsalis, and the Stonefly Dinocras cephalotes) in streams draining land with increasingly intensive livestock farming...
December 8, 2017: Molecular Ecology
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