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Chiropractic philosophy

Katie de Luca, Peter Tuchin, Rod Bonello
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the motivations, challenges and perceptions of the educational environment of emerging researchers in chiropractic. METHODS: A descriptive web-based survey of higher-degree chiropractic research students was performed between October and November 2013. The survey consisted of open and closed questions and the Dundee Ready Education Environment Measure. RESULTS: Twenty-two students currently enrolled in a higher-degree research program participated...
October 2015: Journal of Chiropractic Education
Myra L Muramoto, Eva Matthews, Cheryl K Ritenbaugh, Mark A Nichter
BACKGROUND: Practitioners of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) therapies are an important and growing presence in health care systems worldwide. A central question is whether evidence-based behavior change interventions routinely employed in conventional health care could also be integrated into CAM practice to address public health priorities. Essential for successful integration are intervention approaches deemed acceptable and consistent with practice patterns and treatment approaches of different types of CAM practitioners - that is, they have context validity...
2015: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
David R Seaman, Jonathan R Soltys
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this commentary is to discuss potential 5 factors within straight chiropractic philosophy and practice that may prevent Medicare compliance. DISCUSSION: The national Medicare Benefit Policy Manual and the Florida Local Coverage Determination were reviewed to identify documentation and conceptual issues regarding chiropractic practice. Five Medicare positions were contrasted with tenets of straight chiropractic philosophy. Based on Medicare's documentation requirements, Medicare defines subluxation and chiropractic practice from the perspective of treating spinal pain and related functional disability...
December 2013: Journal of Chiropractic Humanities
Sidney M Rubinstein, Jenni Bolton, Alexandra L Webb, Jan Hartvigsen
BACKGROUND: Research involving chiropractors is evolving and expanding in Europe while resources are limited. Therefore, we considered it timely to initiate a research agenda for the chiropractic profession in Europe. The aim was to identify and suggest priorities for future research in order to best channel the available resources and facilitate advancement of the profession. METHODS: In total, 60 academics and clinicians working in a chiropractic setting, and who had attended any of the annual European Chiropractors' Union/European Academy of Chiropractic (ECU/EAC) Researchers' Day meetings since their inception in 2008, were invited to participate...
2014: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
Louis Sportelli Dc
The chiropractic profession has struggled with how it is viewed and perceived by those within the profession and the powerful forces outside the profession. This commentary suggests that the vast majority of professional unrest is largely due to lines drawn upon philosophical boundaries and how we perceive what we know. For the profession to advance, it is imperative that unsubstantiated claims are eliminated from our justification for being and that we continue to test theories using scientific methods. Theories espoused must be able to be supported by valid research, and we must be ready to accept the results of these investigations and either build upon that body of research or accept the findings and move in alternative directions that science will take us...
December 2012: Journal of Chiropractic Humanities
Jerome F McAndrews
This classic article was published in the first volume and issue of Philosophical Constructs for the Chiropractic Profession. In this paper, Dr. McAndrews reviews the use of the term "philosophy" in chiropractic and urges the chiropractic profession to consider the use and misuse of this term. Reprinted with permission from McAndrews JF. The Knowledge of Our Knowledge. Philosophical Constructs for the Chiropractic Profession. 1991;1:14-17.
December 2012: Journal of Chiropractic Humanities
Barbara I Polus, Charlotte Paterson, Joan van Rotterdam, Dein Vindigni
BACKGROUND: Improving the health of Indigenous Australians remains a major challenge. A chiropractic service was established to evaluate this treatment option for musculoskeletal illness in rural Indigenous communities, based on the philosophy of keeping the community involved in all the phases of development, implementation, and evaluation. The development and integration of this service has experienced many difficulties with referrals, funding and building sustainability. Evaluation of the program was a key aspect of its implementation, requiring an appropriate process to identify specific problems and formulate solutions to improve the service...
2012: BMC Health Services Research
Cheryl Hawk, Michael Schneider, Marion Willard Evans, Daniel Redwood
OBJECTIVE: The purposes of this project were to develop consensus definitions for a set of best practices that doctors of chiropractic may use for promoting health and wellness and preventing disease and to describe the appropriate components and procedures for these practices. METHODS: A multidisciplinary steering committee of 10 health care professionals developed seed statements based on their clinical experience and relevant literature. A Delphi consensus process was conducted from January to July 2011, following the RAND methodology...
September 2012: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
Simon A Senzon
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this article is to explore the postmodern, postrational, and postconventional core of DD Palmer's self-sense and philosophy. DISCUSSION: DD Palmer's self and philosophy can be viewed as a reaction to the self of modernity and its challenges of a fracture between mind and body, spirit, and nature. It is argued that Palmer's solution to these vexing problems facing the modern self was to use postrational and postconventional logic to overcome the dualisms...
December 2011: Journal of Chiropractic Humanities
Simon A Senzon
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this article is to trace the foundations of DD Palmer's sense of self and philosophy of chiropractic to its sources in modern Western philosophy as well as current metatheories about modernity. DISCUSSION: DD Palmer's sense of self was indicative of a modern self. A modern self is characterized as a self that developed after the Western Enlightenment and must come to terms with the insights of modernity such as Cartesian dualism, Spinoza's substance, Rousseau's expressivism, and Kant's critiques...
December 2011: Journal of Chiropractic Humanities
Simon A Senzon
OBJECTIVE: The philosophy of chiropractic can be framed as an attempt to correct the problems inherited from the Western Enlightenment. Its origins can be found in the long tradition of Western philosophy. The purpose of this article is to describe in a broad context chiropractic's roots in premodernity and establish the structural and hermeneutical differences between chiropractic's original philosophical ideas and those of premodern philosophers. DISCUSSION: The worldview or cultural mindset the philosophy arose from must be situated in the context of its time, the birth of the unique postmodern worldview, aperspectival consciousness, and the modern sense of self...
December 2011: Journal of Chiropractic Humanities
Simon A Senzon
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this article is to establish a metatheoretical framework for constructing a philosophy of chiropractic by using Integral Theory and Integral Methodological Pluralism. This is the first in a series of 3 articles. DISCUSSION: The philosophy of chiropractic has not thrived as a philosophic discipline for multiple reasons. Most notably, these include disparate personal and cultural worldviews within the profession, a historical approach to chiropractic's roots, and an undeveloped framework for exploring philosophy from multiple perspectives...
December 2010: Journal of Chiropractic Humanities
Eric G Russell
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this article is to discuss the term wellness in the context of the philosophy of chiropractic. DISCUSSION: PubMed and Index to Chiropractic Literature show an upward trend in use of the term wellness. Wellness may be used differently depending upon the profession and may be considered a process by some and an outcome by others. CONCLUSION: There appears to be no consensus on the definition of wellness or how it is being used...
December 2009: Journal of Chiropractic Humanities
Monica Smith
OBJECTIVE: This commentary discusses the evolving sociocultural roles and sociocultural authority of chiropractic. DISCUSSION: The complex interconnectivity of the biological, psychological, and social aspects of our individual and collective well-being has occupied centuries of "nature versus nurture" philosophical debate, creative art, and scientific work. What has emerged is a better understanding of how our human development is affected by the circumstances of what we are born with (ie, nature) and how we are shaped by the circumstances that we are born into (ie, nurture)...
December 2009: Journal of Chiropractic Humanities
Timothy A Mirtz, Stephen M Perle
BACKGROUND: The subluxation construct has been a divisive term in the chiropractic profession. There is a paucity of evidence to document the subluxation. Some authors have questioned the propriety of continuing to use the term. AIM: The purpose of this study is to examine current North American English language chiropractic college academic catalogs and determine the prevalence of the term subluxation in the respective chiropractic program curricula. METHODS: Sixteen current English-language North American chiropractic college academic catalogs were studied...
2011: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
Ezra Cohen, Jerrilyn Cambron, Robert Shiel
OBJECTIVE: The initiation of multiple clinical programs within a previously single-purpose health care institution brings multiple health care providers together under one roof. A baseline cross-sectional survey was undertaken to measure the development of integrative care communication patterns and cross-disciplinary knowledge at a health sciences university clinic. METHODS: This study was conducted by means of 3 separate surveys administered to all complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) faculty clinicians, CAM student interns, and patients attending CAM therapy at a university clinic (National University of Health Sciences, Lombard, Ill)...
November 2009: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
Wayne Hoskins, Henry Pollard, Peter Garbutt
BACKGROUND: Chiropractors are an integral part of the management of musculoskeletal injuries. A considerable communication gap between the chiropractic and medical professions exists. Subsequently referring allopathic practitioners lack confidence in picking a chiropractic practitioner with appropriate management strategies to adequately resolve sporting injuries. Subsequently, the question is often raised: "how do you find a good chiropractor?". DISCUSSION: Best practice guidelines are increasingly suggesting that musculoskeletal injuries should be managed with multimodal active and passive care strategies...
2009: Chiropractic & Osteopathy
Anju Sawni
The use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) for treatment of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has increased both by parents and health care providers. Despite scientific evidence supporting the effectiveness of stimulants in the treatment of ADHD, the use of stimulants has received negative publicity and, for many parents, is worrisome. Concerns regarding adverse effects and the prospect of long-term use of pharmacologic treatments make many parents uncomfortable thus they seek "alternative treatments...
August 2008: Adolescent Medicine: State of the Art Reviews
Jason W Busse, Abhaya V Kulkarni, Parminder Badwall, Gordon H Guyatt et al.
BACKGROUND: The frequent use of chiropractic, naturopathic, and physical and occupational therapy by patients with fibromyalgia has been emphasized repeatedly, but little is known about the attitudes of these therapists towards this challenging condition. METHODS: We administered a cross-sectional survey to 385 senior Canadian chiropractic, naturopathic, physical and occupational therapy students in their final year of studies, that inquired about attitudes towards the diagnosis and management of fibromyalgia...
2008: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
M Azari
Chiropractors in Australia face some challenges that are unique in their history. The value of their primary treatment modality is now widely recognised. The process of professionalisation of this occupation is well advanced. Yet the integration of chiropractic services within the mainstream Australian health care system remains problematic. It is contended in this paper that chiropractors' integration will be facilitated by two genuine and strategic moves by the medically minded segment of, or the entire, profession...
July 1999: Australasian Chiropractic & Osteopathy: Journal of the Chiropractic & Osteopathic College of Australasia
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