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Chiropractic philosophy

Caragh Brosnan
Sociological studies of the complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) occupations have documented the professionalisation strategies these groups use to establish boundaries between themselves and their competitors, including seeking educational accreditation and statutory regulation/licensure. Chiropractic has been particularly successful at professionalising and in Australia and the UK it is taught within public universities. Recent events have threatened chiropractic's university foothold, however, showing that professionalisation needs to be understood as an ongoing process of negotiation...
October 2017: Social Science & Medicine
Timothy A Mirtz
BACKGROUND: The philosophy of chiropractic has been a much debated entity throughout the existence of the chiropractic profession. Much criticism has been passed upon the historical philosophy of chiropractic and propagated by contemporary adherents. To date, a new philosophy has not been detailed nor presented that demonstrates principles by which to follow. AIM: The purpose of this paper is to expand upon the work of Russell Kirk (b.1918, d. 1994), an American political theorist, as a basis for principles to guide the formation of a philosophy of chiropractic medicine (PCM)...
2017: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
Melissa Nagare Kimura, Robb Russell, John Scaringe
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this article is to describe chiropractic professional identity as espoused by the Los Angeles College of Chiropractic. DISCUSSION: Professional identity is a construct that begins formation prior to career selection, can be considered the backbone of health care education, and has been linked to career success. Los Angeles College of Chiropractic's professional identity is shaped by a philosophy of health care that is focused on vitalism, holism, naturalism, therapeutic conservatism, critical rationalism, phenomenology, humanism, and interprofessionalism...
December 2016: Journal of Chiropractic Humanities
Christopher J Good
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this paper was to discuss the chiropractic profession's identity and 3 contentious issues related to identity. DISCUSSION: The various clinical specialties and independent groups in the chiropractic profession are so different in their beliefs, practice styles, and political agendas that a common identity is unlikely to be created. Areas of disagreement, including advanced practice, vertebral subluxation, and the philosophy of chiropractic, continue to separate those in the profession...
December 2016: Journal of Chiropractic Humanities
Richard A Brown
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this commentary is to explore the concepts underpinning professional identity, assess their relevance to chiropractic, and propose a model by which a strong identity for the chiropractic profession may be achieved. DISCUSSION: The professional identity of chiropractic has been a constant source of controversy throughout its history. Attempts to establish a professional identity have been met with resistance from internal factions divided over linguistics, philosophy, technique, and chiropractic's place in the health care framework...
December 2016: Journal of Chiropractic Humanities
Katie de Luca, Peter Tuchin, Rod Bonello
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the motivations, challenges and perceptions of the educational environment of emerging researchers in chiropractic. METHODS: A descriptive web-based survey of higher-degree chiropractic research students was performed between October and November 2013. The survey consisted of open and closed questions and the Dundee Ready Education Environment Measure. RESULTS: Twenty-two students currently enrolled in a higher-degree research program participated...
October 2015: Journal of Chiropractic Education
Myra L Muramoto, Eva Matthews, Cheryl K Ritenbaugh, Mark A Nichter
BACKGROUND: Practitioners of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) therapies are an important and growing presence in health care systems worldwide. A central question is whether evidence-based behavior change interventions routinely employed in conventional health care could also be integrated into CAM practice to address public health priorities. Essential for successful integration are intervention approaches deemed acceptable and consistent with practice patterns and treatment approaches of different types of CAM practitioners - that is, they have context validity...
2015: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
David R Seaman, Jonathan R Soltys
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this commentary is to discuss potential 5 factors within straight chiropractic philosophy and practice that may prevent Medicare compliance. DISCUSSION: The national Medicare Benefit Policy Manual and the Florida Local Coverage Determination were reviewed to identify documentation and conceptual issues regarding chiropractic practice. Five Medicare positions were contrasted with tenets of straight chiropractic philosophy. Based on Medicare's documentation requirements, Medicare defines subluxation and chiropractic practice from the perspective of treating spinal pain and related functional disability...
December 2013: Journal of Chiropractic Humanities
Sidney M Rubinstein, Jenni Bolton, Alexandra L Webb, Jan Hartvigsen
BACKGROUND: Research involving chiropractors is evolving and expanding in Europe while resources are limited. Therefore, we considered it timely to initiate a research agenda for the chiropractic profession in Europe. The aim was to identify and suggest priorities for future research in order to best channel the available resources and facilitate advancement of the profession. METHODS: In total, 60 academics and clinicians working in a chiropractic setting, and who had attended any of the annual European Chiropractors' Union/European Academy of Chiropractic (ECU/EAC) Researchers' Day meetings since their inception in 2008, were invited to participate...
2014: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
Louis Sportelli Dc
The chiropractic profession has struggled with how it is viewed and perceived by those within the profession and the powerful forces outside the profession. This commentary suggests that the vast majority of professional unrest is largely due to lines drawn upon philosophical boundaries and how we perceive what we know. For the profession to advance, it is imperative that unsubstantiated claims are eliminated from our justification for being and that we continue to test theories using scientific methods. Theories espoused must be able to be supported by valid research, and we must be ready to accept the results of these investigations and either build upon that body of research or accept the findings and move in alternative directions that science will take us...
December 2012: Journal of Chiropractic Humanities
Jerome F McAndrews
This classic article was published in the first volume and issue of Philosophical Constructs for the Chiropractic Profession. In this paper, Dr. McAndrews reviews the use of the term "philosophy" in chiropractic and urges the chiropractic profession to consider the use and misuse of this term. Reprinted with permission from McAndrews JF. The Knowledge of Our Knowledge. Philosophical Constructs for the Chiropractic Profession. 1991;1:14-17.
December 2012: Journal of Chiropractic Humanities
Barbara I Polus, Charlotte Paterson, Joan van Rotterdam, Dein Vindigni
BACKGROUND: Improving the health of Indigenous Australians remains a major challenge. A chiropractic service was established to evaluate this treatment option for musculoskeletal illness in rural Indigenous communities, based on the philosophy of keeping the community involved in all the phases of development, implementation, and evaluation. The development and integration of this service has experienced many difficulties with referrals, funding and building sustainability. Evaluation of the program was a key aspect of its implementation, requiring an appropriate process to identify specific problems and formulate solutions to improve the service...
2012: BMC Health Services Research
Cheryl Hawk, Michael Schneider, Marion Willard Evans, Daniel Redwood
OBJECTIVE: The purposes of this project were to develop consensus definitions for a set of best practices that doctors of chiropractic may use for promoting health and wellness and preventing disease and to describe the appropriate components and procedures for these practices. METHODS: A multidisciplinary steering committee of 10 health care professionals developed seed statements based on their clinical experience and relevant literature. A Delphi consensus process was conducted from January to July 2011, following the RAND methodology...
September 2012: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
Simon A Senzon
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this article is to explore the postmodern, postrational, and postconventional core of DD Palmer's self-sense and philosophy. DISCUSSION: DD Palmer's self and philosophy can be viewed as a reaction to the self of modernity and its challenges of a fracture between mind and body, spirit, and nature. It is argued that Palmer's solution to these vexing problems facing the modern self was to use postrational and postconventional logic to overcome the dualisms...
December 2011: Journal of Chiropractic Humanities
Simon A Senzon
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this article is to trace the foundations of DD Palmer's sense of self and philosophy of chiropractic to its sources in modern Western philosophy as well as current metatheories about modernity. DISCUSSION: DD Palmer's sense of self was indicative of a modern self. A modern self is characterized as a self that developed after the Western Enlightenment and must come to terms with the insights of modernity such as Cartesian dualism, Spinoza's substance, Rousseau's expressivism, and Kant's critiques...
December 2011: Journal of Chiropractic Humanities
Simon A Senzon
OBJECTIVE: The philosophy of chiropractic can be framed as an attempt to correct the problems inherited from the Western Enlightenment. Its origins can be found in the long tradition of Western philosophy. The purpose of this article is to describe in a broad context chiropractic's roots in premodernity and establish the structural and hermeneutical differences between chiropractic's original philosophical ideas and those of premodern philosophers. DISCUSSION: The worldview or cultural mindset the philosophy arose from must be situated in the context of its time, the birth of the unique postmodern worldview, aperspectival consciousness, and the modern sense of self...
December 2011: Journal of Chiropractic Humanities
Simon A Senzon
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this article is to establish a metatheoretical framework for constructing a philosophy of chiropractic by using Integral Theory and Integral Methodological Pluralism. This is the first in a series of 3 articles. DISCUSSION: The philosophy of chiropractic has not thrived as a philosophic discipline for multiple reasons. Most notably, these include disparate personal and cultural worldviews within the profession, a historical approach to chiropractic's roots, and an undeveloped framework for exploring philosophy from multiple perspectives...
December 2010: Journal of Chiropractic Humanities
Eric G Russell
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this article is to discuss the term wellness in the context of the philosophy of chiropractic. DISCUSSION: PubMed and Index to Chiropractic Literature show an upward trend in use of the term wellness. Wellness may be used differently depending upon the profession and may be considered a process by some and an outcome by others. CONCLUSION: There appears to be no consensus on the definition of wellness or how it is being used...
December 2009: Journal of Chiropractic Humanities
Monica Smith
OBJECTIVE: This commentary discusses the evolving sociocultural roles and sociocultural authority of chiropractic. DISCUSSION: The complex interconnectivity of the biological, psychological, and social aspects of our individual and collective well-being has occupied centuries of "nature versus nurture" philosophical debate, creative art, and scientific work. What has emerged is a better understanding of how our human development is affected by the circumstances of what we are born with (ie, nature) and how we are shaped by the circumstances that we are born into (ie, nurture)...
December 2009: Journal of Chiropractic Humanities
Timothy A Mirtz, Stephen M Perle
BACKGROUND: The subluxation construct has been a divisive term in the chiropractic profession. There is a paucity of evidence to document the subluxation. Some authors have questioned the propriety of continuing to use the term. AIM: The purpose of this study is to examine current North American English language chiropractic college academic catalogs and determine the prevalence of the term subluxation in the respective chiropractic program curricula. METHODS: Sixteen current English-language North American chiropractic college academic catalogs were studied...
June 17, 2011: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
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