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tips diagnosis

Arun Agarwal, Aakanksha Agarwal
BACKGROUND: Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is a rare, underdiagnosed, fatal and devastating hyperinflammatory syndrome that has gained increasing recognition over the past decade. Patients with HLH present with clinical and laboratory evidence of uncontrolled inflammation. Delay in diagnosis and management inevitably leads to a rapidly progressive and fatal course. In this case series, we present 7 cases of secondary HLH (sHLH) in adults with their presentation, course, and outcomes...
October 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Hao Feng, Shasha Wang, Yan Liu, Xuejuan Liao, Yaling Tang, Xinhua Liang
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of microwave ablation as a substitute for surgery in patients with a mucocele of the anterior lingual salivary glands. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Hospital of Stomatology, Sichuan University (Chengdu, China), 78 patients with a clinical diagnosis of a mucocele of the anterior lingual salivary glands underwent microwave ablation from November 2012 to May 2015...
September 21, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Arivudainambi Kayal, Viswanathan Mohan, Belma Malanda, Ranjit Mohan Anjana, Balaji Bhavadharini, Manni Mohanraj Mahalakshmi, Kumar Maheswari, Ram Uma, Ranjit Unnikrishnan, Gunasekaran Kalaiyarasi, Lyudmil Ninov, Anne Belton
AIM: The Women In India with GDM Strategy (WINGS) project was conducted with the aim of developing a model of care (MOC) suitable for women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) in low- and middle-income countries. METHODOLOGY: The WINGS project was carried out in Chennai, Southern India, in two phases. In Phase I, a situational analysis was conducted to understand the practice patterns of health-care professionals and to determine the best screening criteria through a pilot screening study...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
Tao Zhou, Lei Jia, Yi-Feng Luo, Jun Xu, Ru-Hua Chen, Zhi-Jun Ge, Tie-Liang Ma, Hong Chen, Tao-Feng Zhu
A novel multifunctional halloysite nanotube (HNT)-based Fe3O4@HNT-polyethyleneimine-Tip-Eu(dibenzoylmethane)3 nanocomposite (Fe-HNT-Eu NC) with both photoluminescent and magnetic properties was fabricated by a simple one-step hydrothermal process combined with the coupling grafting method, which exhibited high suspension stability and excellent photophysical behavior. The as-prepared multifunctional Fe-HNT-Eu NC was characterized using various techniques. The results of cell viability assay, cell morphological observation, and in vivo toxicity assay indicated that the NC exhibited excellent biocompatibility over the studied concentration range, suggesting that the obtained Fe-HNT-Eu NC was a suitable material for bioimaging and biological applications in human hepatic adenocarcinoma cells...
2016: International Journal of Nanomedicine
Sofía Verdaguer D, Juan Cristóbal Gana A
BACKGROUND: There is a paucity of good quality research about the diagnosis of esophageal varices and the prophylaxis and treatment of variceal bleeding in pediatric patients with portal hypertension There is little consensus and practically no evidence-based approach about the management of these patients. AIM: To describe the behavior and preferences of pediatric gastroenterologists in Chile in the management of portal hypertension in children. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An online survey was sent to Chilean pediatric gastroenterologists, with questions evaluating the physicians’ approaches to screening of esophageal varices in children with portal hypertension, and their preferred methods of prophylaxis and initial management of variceal bleeding...
July 2016: Revista Médica de Chile
Michael A Perelman
The Sexual Tipping Point(®) (STP) model is an integrated approach to the etiology, diagnosis and treatment of men with delayed ejaculation (DE), including all subtypes manifesting ejaculatory delay or absence [registered trademark owned by the MAP Educational Fund, a 501(c)(3) public charity]. A single pathogenetic pathway does not exist for sexual disorders generally and that is also true for DE specifically. Men with DE have various bio-psychosocial-behavioral & cultural predisposing, precipitating, maintaining, and contextual factors which trigger, reinforce, or worsen the probability of DE occurring...
August 2016: Translational Andrology and Urology
Arash Momeni, Ronald P Gruber
Rhinoplasty is perhaps the most complex cosmetic surgery procedure performed today. It is characterized by an intricate interplay between form and function, with patient satisfaction being dependent not only on improvement of nasal appearance but also resolution of preexisting airway symptoms. The prerequisite for successful execution of this challenging procedure is a thorough understanding of nasal anatomy and physiology. Hence, a thorough preoperative evaluation is at least as important and the surgical skill in performing the operation...
October 2016: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
Hidenori Tanabe, Ryoko Murayama, Koichi Yabunaka, Makoto Oe, Toshiaki Takahashi, Chieko Komiyama, Hiromi Sanada
INTRODUCTION: Peripheral intravenous catheters (PIVCs) are frequently removed due to phlebitis. We hypothesized that catheters made of polyurethane, which is more flexible than Teflon, would decrease phlebitis, and that flexibility could be estimated by measuring the catheter-tip angle. Ultrasonography in two groups of patients with different catheter types was then used to compare catheter-tip angles and phlebitis. METHODS: Observational studies were carried out at a medical ward in a university hospital...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Vascular Access
K Kudoh, T Kudoh, K Tsuru, Y Miyamoto
A case of tophaceous pseudogout (i.e., calcium pyrophosphate dihydrate (CPPD) crystal deposition disease) in the temporomandibular joint (TMJ), extending to the base of the skull, is reported. A 38-year-old man was referred to the hospital with mild pain in the right chin and tip of the tongue. Panoramic radiography showed a large calcified mass around the right TMJ. Computed tomography imaging revealed a large, granular, calcified mass surrounding the right condylar head and extending to the base of the skull...
September 15, 2016: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Francesco Esposito, Marco Di Serafino, Concetta Ambrosio, Maria Rita Panico, Francesca Malacario, Carmela Mercogliano, Carmine Pecoraro, Patrizia Oresta
PURPOSE: Over the past two decades, continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis has emerged as the first-choice dialysis modality in children awaiting for transplantation. Despite the improvements observed in catheter survival over the past several years, the obstruction is one of the reasons for immediate catheter non-function. This study assessed usefulness of ultrasound (US) in visualizing the obstruction of chronic peritoneal dialysis (CPD) catheter and identifying the etiology. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between January 2000 and November 2012, 38 patients (20 M, 18 F) were treated with CPD and examined with US...
September 2016: Journal of Ultrasound
Manu K Nayar, Bharat Paranandi, Muhammad F Dawwas, John S Leeds, Antony Darne, Beate Haugk, Debasis Majumdar, Muna M Ahmed, Kofi W Oppong
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: A new core biopsy needle with a novel tip, opposing bevel and sheath design has recently been introduced for endoscopic ultrasound-guided biopsy (EUS-FNB). The diagnostic utility of this needle for differentiating solid pancreatic masses is currently unknown. The aim of this study was to compare the diagnostic performance and yield for tissue acquisition from solid pancreatic lesions of the opposing bevel needle with those of a reverse bevel EUS-FNB needle. METHODS: Consecutive patients with solid pancreatic masses undergoing EUS-FNB using the opposing bevel (n=101) and the reverse bevel (n=100) core biopsy needles were included in the study...
September 12, 2016: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
Yoshitaka Arase, Ryuzo Deguchi, Yoko Tsukune, Makiko Dekiden, Koichi Shiraishi, Takashi Ogimi, Hiroshi Miyakita, Hideo Shimada, Kazunori Myoujin, Tetsuya Mine
The case of a patient with asymptomatic double common bile duct that was identified by chance is presented. A 41-year-old man underwent esophagogastroduodenoscopy(EGD) as part of a regular health checkup, during which he was found to have an elevated lesion in the lesser curvature of the upper gastric corpus with bile draining from its tip. Further examination led to a diagnosis of double common bile duct from the left intrahepatic bile duct to the opening into the stomach. Morphological abnormalities of the biliary tree are commonly encountered in everyday gastroenterological practice, but a double common bile duct with an ectopic opening into the stomach is comparatively rare...
2016: Tokai Journal of Experimental and Clinical Medicine
Sumit Mukherjee, Michael Chacey
BACKGROUND: Electromagnetic navigation bronchoscopy (ENB) may aid in the diagnosis of solitary pulmonary lesions with a lower complication rate than conventional diagnostic modalities. A curved-tip catheter is now available for use with ENB; however, the diagnostic yield of this device has not been previously reported. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A single-center, single-operator retrospective chart review was performed on patients who underwent ENB for the diagnosis of pulmonary lesions...
September 10, 2016: Journal of Bronchology & Interventional Pulmonology
Letizia Zannoni, Simona Del Forno, Roberto Paradisi, Renato Seracchioli
Dysmenorrhea, cyclic pelvic pain, and acyclic pelvic pain are common in adolescent girls, and at least 10% of these girls are at risk for subsequent development of endometriosis. In this article we highlight practical tips for the management of dysmenorrhea and chronic pelvic pain and how to diagnose endometriosis as early as possible and detect patients at risk for developing the disease in the future. We suggest five practical rules for managing adolescents with dysmenorrhea and chronic pelvic pain: (1) Never underestimate the pain; (2) Always consider endometriosis as a possible cause of severe cyclic pain; (3) Obtain a detailed and accurate history before performing clinical evaluation and pelvic sonography; (4) Treat the pain with hormonal therapies (combined oral contraceptives or progestogen-only pill) and analgesics (acetaminophen and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs); and (5) Plan frequent follow-up visits to re-evaluate the patient...
September 1, 2016: Pediatric Annals
Christina Bergqvist, Paul Ramia, Ossama Abbas, Mazen Kurban
The nail is a unique epithelial skin appendage made up of a fully keratinized nail plate. The nail can be affected in several systemic illnesses, dermatological diseases, and inherited nail disorders. Nail dystrophies can present as isolated disorders or as a part of syndromes. Substantial progress has been achieved in the management and diagnosis of nail diseases; however, not much is known about the underlying molecular controls of nail growth. The homeostasis and development of the nail appendage depends on the intricate interactions between the epidermis and underlying mesenchyme, and comprises different signaling pathways such as the WNT signaling pathway...
September 10, 2016: Clinical Genetics
P J Egan, T C Mitrovics, B F Tomandl
Routine magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the skull and brain for diagnostic purposes sometimes reveals a wider tip of the frontal ventricular horn on one side and a wider tip of the temporal horn on the other. A search for 'alternate ventricular asymmetry' in Google Scholar, Medline and PubMed Central yielded no results, so the digital archive of the hospital was searched for such cases. A total of 5908 examinations were reviewed and 508 cases were found, comprising 6% of the neurological inpatients and 20% of the psychiatric inpatients (p=0...
September 6, 2016: Clinical Anatomy
Delia Proposito, Francesca De Lucia, Alessandra Giannella, Francesca Frangella, Giuseppe Pappalardo, Maria Santangelo, Domenico Magagnano
AIM: Ganglioneuroma (GN) is the most uncommon and the most benign tumor among neuroblastic neoplasms, and in 29.7% of cases it finds in an adrenal gland. Usually asymptomatic, this tumor is detected incidentally in the majority of cases. It is generally challenging to obtain a precise diagnosis of adrenal ganglioneuroma (AGN) before surgery. Misdiagnosis rate of AGN on CT and MRI is 64.7% and clinicians and surgeons are often lacking in knowledge of this rare disease. For this reason, we pointed out the clinical, biochemical, radiologic and pathologic features of AGN in an our experience, with the aim to find out if there are some features able to facilitate a preoperative diagnosis...
2016: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
Ju Yeon Cho
Actinomycosis is an infection caused by the actinomyces genus and is associated with trauma or previous infection. A 58-year-old male patient was referred from a private dental clinic for root extraction of the lower right molar. The x-ray showed fractured root-like material distal to the distal root of the lower right second molar. A biopsy during extraction of the root-like material was performed, which revealed a sequestrum with actinomycosis by a pathological examination. In this case, the radiopacity of the suspicious lesion was higher than that of the surrounding alveolar bone, which confused it with the root tip...
August 2016: Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
Akihito Hashizume, Nobuhiko Mizuno, Masaki Kawai, Takeshi Kishida
18F-fluorodeoxy glucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) for evaluation of the post chemotherapy residual tumor of the seminomatous testicular germ cell tumor is recommended by several guidelines. We report a case whose residual tumor was evaluated by FDG PET but the results were difficult to interpret. A 41-year-old male with left seminomatous germ cell tumor of the testis and 60 mm retroperitoneal lymph node (RPLN) metastasis was referred to our hospital. The International Germ Cell Consensus Classification (IGCCC) was good prognosis...
July 2016: Hinyokika Kiyo. Acta Urologica Japonica
Neeraj Jain, Vijay Ravipati, Edmund K Kerut
Late cardiac perforation by a right ventricular (RV) pacemaker lead may be a challenge to diagnose. Echocardiography often will not adequately demonstrate lead tip migration, but chest computed tomography (CT) readily identifies the lead and tip location. A patient presented one month after dual-chamber pacemaker implantation with fever, sepsis and failure of RV pacer lead capture. Echocardiography demonstrated vegetations on the RV lead and a pericardial effusion, but the lead tip location could not be identified...
September 2016: Echocardiography
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