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Fakhri Kallabi, Emna Ellouz, Mouna Tabebi, Ghada Ben Salah, Naziha Kaabechi, Leila Keskes, Chahnez Triki, Hassen Kamoun
INTRODUCTION: X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy is a neurodegenerative recessive disorder that affects the brain white matter and associated with adrenal insufficiency. It is characterized by an abnormal function of the peroxisomes, which leads to an accumulation of the Very Long Chain Fatty Acids (VLCFA) in plasma and tissues, especially in the cortex of the adrenal glands and the white matter of the central nervous system. Mutations in the ABCD1 gene affect the function of the encoded protein ALDP, an ATP-binding cassette transporter located in the peroxisomal membrane protein...
January 30, 2016: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
Javier Valderrama S, David Schnettler R, Marcelo Zamorano H, Juan Pablo Lahsen H
INTRODUCTION: Lipoblastoma is a benign neoplasia of the adipose tissue. It is a rare conditionand almost exclusively presents in children under 3 years old. It usually occurs in extremities as a painless volume increase of progressive growth, with the definitive diagnosis being established by pathological and cytogenetic analysis. The treatment of choice is complete resection, and follow-up period of up to five years is recommended due to a recurrence of up to 25%. OBJECTIVE: To present an unusual location of this uncommon condition in an infant, and review the related literature...
May 2016: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
Ximena Díaz Martínez, Carmen Mena Bastías, Carlos Celis-Moralesl, Carlos Salas, Pedro Valdivia Moral
BACKGROUND: interventions aiming to develop healthy lifestyle behaviours at early age could be an effective way of reducing childhood obesity. AIMS: to evaluate the effect of a dietary and physical activity intervention on reducing childhood obesity. METHODS: 312 students took part on this 5 month intervention study. The intervention included dietary talk delivered to children and their parents in addition to 45 minutes of daily physical activity modules...
July 1, 2015: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
Hulya Karadeniz, Ismail Birincioglu, Ozgur Turna, Huseyin Cetin Ketenci, Nazım Ercument Beyhun
Poisoning is a major problem worldwide among children. Nonetheless, the offending agent, the associated morbidity and mortality vary from place to place and show changes over a period of time. The aim of this study was to investigate the medico-legal paediatric autopsies of childhood poisonings in the Eastern Black Sea Region of Turkey. Reports of autopsies performed between 2009 and 2013 in the Morgue Department of the Council of Forensic Medicine. All medico-legal paediatric autopsies in Trabzon (n:1049) were retrospectively examined...
August 2015: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
M Gasparella, M Marzaro, M Ferro, C Benetton, V Ghirardo, F Zoppellaro
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2013: La Pediatria Medica e Chirurgica: Medical and Surgical Pediatrics
Madalena Cunha, Graça Aparício, João Duarte, Anabela Pereira, Carlos Albuquerque, António Oliveira
INTRODUCTION: Nowadays, it is an evidence that maternal obesity is an important predictor of obesity in the descendants, not being consensual if that influence comes from the interaction between genes and facilitators family contexts or both. OBJECTIVES: 1) To determinate the prevalence of the child overweight; 2) to classify the nutritional status and metabolic risk of the progenitors; 3) to analyze the effect of the markers of the family metabolic risk in the expression of the illness in the child...
May 2013: Atencion Primaria
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1927: Canadian Medical Association Journal
Sonia Mazigh Mrad, Samir Boukhthir, Fayçal Oubich, Lamia Gharsallah, Sihem Barsaoui
Variceal bleeding is the most common cause of severe gastrointestinal bleeding in chilhood. Biliary atresia and portal venous obstruction are the most common causes. The patients with acute bleeding, pharmacotherapy with octreotide should be used immediately. All of these patients should undergo therapeutic endoscopy with band ligation. All children surviving variceal hemorrage should undergo secondary prophylaxis with band ligation. Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt creation in children is as safe in children than in adults...
March 2007: La Tunisie Médicale
Enrique Casado de Frías
In the last years there has been a growing interest in chilhood obesity in all developed countries. There is a great concern that is prevalence has raised 2-3 fold during the last 20 years. In the spanish chilhood population the obesity prevalence is estimated around 13%. Of note also, a number of other pathologies develop concomitantly with obesity during chilhood. These include type 2 diabetes, a range of respiratory problems, a metabolic syndrome, liver steatosis and seudotumor cerebri among others. Taking for granted that chilhood obesity in its roots is an exogenous disorder, preventive interventions should focus on modifying those ethiologies, improving the ways and nature of chilhood nutrition and its social and ludic behaviours...
2006: Anales de la Real Academia Nacional de Medicina
Svetozár Dluholucký, V Hornová, P Lukác
Authors present the long-term development of two monozygotic twin sisters. One of them was detected by newborn screening as athyreotic (gemelus A) and healthy gemelus B sister. Therapy in athyreotic girl started at 4 weeks after birth and was monitored in order to maintain serum thyroxine and TSH in normal range. Both sisters spent their chilhood and adolescence together in the same family, school and work together as tailors in the same factory. Their development was very similar. In order to detect subclinical difference of their development, the school achievements were tested using their school certificates...
February 2006: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
F J de la Prada Alvarez, A M Prados Gallardo, A Tugores Vázquez, M Uriol Rivera, C Saus Sarrias, A Morey Molina
Schönlein-Henoch purpura is a systemic vasculitic disorder involving both arterioles and capillaries. Although it is mainly a disease of early chilhood, it can occur at any age. The disease may be more severe in the few adults who develop this disorder. The clinical manifestations include a classic tetrad: rash, arthralgias, abdominal pain and renal disease. However it may affect almost every other bodily organ such us myocardium, lungs, ureter and nervous system. Pulmonary hemorrhage, a rare complication of Schönlein-Henoch purpura, has been found mainly in adolescents and adults, and it is associated with significant mortality...
September 2005: Anales de Medicina Interna: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Medicina Interna
Vincent J Felitti
A population-based analysis of over 17,000 middle-class American adults undergoing comprehensive, biopsychosocial medical evaluation indicates that three common categories of addiction are strongly related in a proportionate manner to several specific categories of adverse experiences during childhood. This, coupled with related information, suggests that the basic cause of addiction is predominantly experience-dependent during childhood and not substance-dependent. This challenge to the usual concept of the cause of addictions has significant implications for medical practice and for treatment programs...
October 2003: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 21, 1964: La Revue du Praticien
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1961: Ceskoslovenská Pediatrie
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 22, 1961: Zentralblatt Für Chirurgie
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 26, 1961: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
M A Martín Iglesias, M Díaz Jara, L Zapatero Remón, M I Martínez Molero
Asthma is one of the most common chronic chilhood disease. Asthmatic children need a self-management educational program, besides the medical treatment and clinical control. Camps are the ideal place to complete the educational program, to get the right control of the disease and to build the child confidence. Madrid Castilla la Mancha Allergy Society organizes every year a summer camp in a town, near Madrid. Fifty-four children stay for one week with certified allergists, fellows-in-training, nurses and cheer-leaders...
July 2003: Allergologia et Immunopathologia
A J L A Cunha, M A R C Santos, M G A Galvão, A A A P Ibiapina
BACKGROUND: Despite the numerous guidelines on the diagnosis and treatment of asthma, there are data that indicate that general pediatrician's knowledge of the disease and its preferred treatment is limited, which may influence the quality of care given to asthmatic children. The purpose of this study was to describe pediatrician's knowledge of spacers and of concepts of chilhood asthma, as well as their prescribing habits concerning inhalation therapy, in the public health system of the city of Rio de Janeiro...
March 2003: Allergologia et Immunopathologia
F Diard, J F Chateil, O Hauger, M Moinard, H Ducou-Lepointe
Scoliosis is frequent, especially during the peripubertal period, which corresponds to the period of greatest activity. About 75% of scoliosis are idiopathic, while the remaining 25% can be divided into neuromuscular, congenital and miscellaneous etiologies. When it is associated with pain, a comprehensive work up should be undertaken to identify the underlying etiology of the scoliosis. Idiopathic scoliosis is typically evaluated using standard radiographs. The number of follow-up radiographs and radiation exposure must be maintained to a minimum...
September 2002: Journal de Radiologie
J Heijbel, S Blom, M Rasmuson
Nineteen probands with benign epilepsy of childhood and centrotemporal EEG foci (rolandic discharges), 36 of their full parents, and 34 full siblings were included in a genetic study. In these sibships (excluding probands), 15% (5/34) had seizures and rolandic discharges, and 19% (6/32) had rolandic discharges alone. Of the full parents, 11% (5/38) had seizures in chilhood but none in adult life. Only 1 parent (3%) of 36 had rolandic discharges. There was no differnence with sex. The results were tested against different genetic hypotheses and indicate that an autosomal dominant gene with age-dependent penetrance is responsible for the EEG trait...
June 1975: Epilepsia
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