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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29928146/therapeutic-potential-of-medicinal-marijuana-an-educational-primer-for-health-care-professionals
#1
REVIEW
Yara Mouhamed, Andrey Vishnyakov, Bessi Qorri, Manpreet Sambi, Sm Signy Frank, Catherine Nowierski, Anmol Lamba, Umrao Bhatti, Myron R Szewczuk
With the proposed Canadian July 2018 legalization of marijuana through the Cannabis Act, a thorough critical analysis of the current trials on the efficacy of medicinal marijuana (MM) as a treatment option is necessary. This review is particularly important for primary care physicians whose patients may be interested in using MM as an alternative therapy. In response to increased interest in MM, Health Canada released a document in 2013 for general practitioners (GPs) as an educational tool on the efficacy of MM in treating some chronic and acute conditions...
2018: Drug, Healthcare and Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924917/experiences-of-postpartum-women-after-mindfulness-childbirth-classes-a-qualitative-study
#2
Ira Kantrowitz-Gordon, Shannon Abbott, Rachel Hoehn
INTRODUCTION: The postpartum period can be a challenging experience for many women as they adjust to the physical and social changes after childbirth. Mindfulness-based interventions have been developed for stress reduction in a variety of health contexts, including pregnancy. These interventions provide strategies that may help new mothers handle the physical, emotional, and relationship challenges of the postpartum period and increase acceptance of postpartum physical changes and body image...
June 20, 2018: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29922350/mind-body-interactions-and-mindfulness-meditation-in-diabetes
#3
REVIEW
Gagan Priya, Sanjay Kalra
Diabetes is associated with significant psychological distress. It is, therefore, important to ensure the physical and emotional as well as psychosocial wellbeing of individuals living with diabetes. Meditation-based strategies have been evaluated for their complementary role in several chronic disorders including depression, anxiety, obesity, hypertension, cardiovascular disease and diabetes. The practice of meditation is associated with reduction in stress and negative emotions and improvements in patient attitude, health-related behaviour and coping skills...
April 2018: European Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29920216/current-wellness-practices-among-otolaryngology-residencies
#4
Daniel C O'Brien, Michele M Carr
Objectives To determine if and how resident emotional health is monitored among otolaryngology training programs and to determine what wellness resources are available to otolaryngology residents. Study Design Survey. Setting Tertiary academic medical centers. Subjects and Methods An anonymous 50-item survey sent via REDCap to the 107 allopathic American otolaryngology program directors (PDs). Results The response rate was 44%, of whom 47.7% regularly surveyed emotional health among their residents. A total of 33...
June 1, 2018: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29917225/psychological-treatments-for-adults-and-children-with-epilepsy-evidence-based-recommendations-by-the-international-league-against-epilepsy-psychology-task-force
#5
Rosa Michaelis, Venus Tang, Laura H Goldstein, Markus Reuber, William Curt LaFrance, Tobias Lundgren, Avani C Modi, Janelle L Wagner
Given the significant impact that psychosocial factors and epilepsy treatments can have on the health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of individuals with epilepsy and their families, there is great clinical interest in the role of psychological evaluation and treatments to improve HRQOL and comorbidities. Therefore, the International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE) charged the Psychology Task Force with the development of recommendations for clinical care based on evaluation of the evidence from their recent Cochrane review of psychological treatments in individuals with epilepsy...
June 19, 2018: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914382/a-systematic-review-of-non-pharmacological-interventions-to-improve-nighttime-sleep-among-residents-of-long-term-care-settings
#6
Elizabeth Capezuti, Rana Sagha Zadeh, Kevin Pain, Aleksa Basara, Nancy Ziyan Jiang, Ana C Krieger
BACKGROUND: Disturbances in sleep and circadian rhythms are common among residents of long-term care facilities. In this systematic review, we aim to identify and evaluate the literature documenting the outcomes associated with non-pharmacological interventions to improve nighttime sleep among long-term care residents. METHODS: The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews guided searches of five databases (MEDLINE, Embase, CINAHL, Scopus, and Cochrane Library) for articles reporting results of experimental or quasi-experimental studies conducted in long-term care settings (nursing homes, assisted-living facilities, or group homes) in which nighttime sleep was subjectively or objectively measured as a primary outcome...
June 18, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914321/factors-predicting-burnout-among-chaplains-compassion-satisfaction-organizational-factors-and-the-mediators-of-mindful-self-care-and-secondary-traumatic-stress
#7
Jason T Hotchkiss, Ruth Lesher
This study predicted Burnout from the self-care practices, compassion satisfaction, secondary traumatic stress, and organizational factors among chaplains who participated from all 50 states (N = 534). A hierarchical regression model indicated that the combined effect of compassion satisfaction, secondary traumatic stress, mindful self-care, demographic, and organizational factors explained 83.2% of the variance in Burnout. Chaplains serving in a hospital were slightly more at risk for Burnout than those in hospice or other settings...
June 2018: Journal of Pastoral Care & Counseling: JPCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913743/somatocognitive-therapy-in-the-management-of-chronic-gynaecological-pain-a-review-of-the-historical-background-and-results-of-a-current-approach
#8
Gro Killi Haugstad, Unni Kirste, Siv Leganger, Elin Haakonsen, Tor S Haugstad
Historic background and development of our somatocognitive approach Mensendieck physiotherapy of the Oslo School is a tradition of physiotherapy founded by the American physician Bess Mensendieck, a contemporary and fellow student of Sigmund Freud at the Paris School of Neurology. It builds on the principles of functional anatomy and the theories of motor learning. We have further developed the theory and practice from this physiotherapy tradition, challenged by the enormous load of patients with longstanding, incapacitating pain on western health care systems, by seeking to incorporate inspirational ideas from body oriented dynamic psychotherapy and cognitive psychotherapy...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912315/factors-impacting-selection-of-infectious-disease-training-for-military-internal-medicine-residents
#9
Alice E Barsoumian, Joshua D Hartzell, Erin M Bonura, Roseanne A Ressner, Timothy J Whitman, Heather C Yun
Background: Applications to infectious disease fellowships have declined nationally; however, the military has not experienced this trend. In the past 6 years, 3 US military programs had 58 applicants for 52 positions. This study examines military resident perceptions to identify potential differences in factors influencing career choice, compared to published data from a nationwide cohort. Methods: An existing survey tool was adapted to include questions unique to the training and practice of military medicine...
April 18, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911591/although-unseen-chronic-pain-is-real-a-phenomenological-study
#10
Tapio Ojala, Arja Häkkinen, Jaro Karppinen, Kirsi Sipilä, Timo Suutama, Arja Piirainen
Background Research has emphasised the essential role of psychosocial risk factors in chronic pain. In practice, pain is usually verified by identifying its physical cause. In patients without any distinct pathology, pain is easily defined as imaginary pain. The aim of this qualitative study was to explore the invisibility of chronic pain, from the patients' perspective. Methods Thirty-four participants with chronic pain were interviewed. The mean age of the participants was 48 years, and 19 of them were women...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910957/perspectives-on-human-regeneration
#11
James F Stark
Regeneration is a concept that has fascinated humans for centuries. Whether we have been trying to bring things back to life, extract additional resources from the world, or remodel our living spaces-domestic and urban-it is often presented as an unproblematic force for good. But what exactly does it mean to regenerate a body, mind or space? This paper, which introduces a collection of contributions on the theme of human regeneration, explores the limits and possibilities of regeneration as a conceptual tool for understanding the biological realm...
June 12, 2018: Palgrave Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910438/quality-of-life-and-breast-cancer-how-can-mind%C3%A2-body-exercise-therapies-help-an-overview-study
#12
REVIEW
Anne Marie Lunde Husebø, Tormod Lunde Husebø
Breast cancer survivors experience extensive treatments, threatening their quality of life. Complementary therapies used as a supplement to cancer treatment may control symptoms, enhance quality of life, and contribute to overall patient care. Mind⁻body exercise therapies might motivate cancer survivors to exercise, and assist them in regaining health. The purpose of this overview study is to study benefits from mind⁻body exercise of yoga, tai chi chuan and qigong upon quality of life in breast cancer populations...
October 13, 2017: Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909707/the-impact-of-a-mindfulness-intervention-for-nurse-managers
#13
Diane Ceravolo, Deborah A Raines
PURPOSE: To examine the impact of a mindfulness intervention on nurse managers in an acute care hospital. DESIGN: A pre/post intervention design with three data collection points: prior to, at the conclusion of, and at 3 months following the intervention. METHOD: A survey to measure the impact of a mindfulness workshops on nurse managers' perception of professional quality of life, burnout, and perceived wellness. FINDINGS: There were significant changes in the scores on the compassion satisfaction (T-1 mean 3...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Holistic Nursing: Official Journal of the American Holistic Nurses' Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908772/first-in-vitro-fertilization-baby-this-is-how-it-happened
#14
REVIEW
Simon Fishel
On July 25, 1978, the first human was born following extracorporeal fertilization, an event that opened up a new medical science: expanding our knowledge of and developing novel treatments for infertility, radically changing the opportunities for families with inherited monogenic disorders, generating the new discipline of clinical embryology, and paving the way for studies into stem cell biology. In vitro fertilization (IVF), as it became known in its simplest form, went even further: it engaged the myriad of minds in human society...
June 13, 2018: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908572/medicinal-plants-with-traditional-use-ethnobotany-in-the-indian-subcontinent
#15
Reena Rupani, Afton Chavez
Traditional medicine uses cultural knowledge and practices to promote health maintenance as well as diagnose and treat disease. In developing countries, the majority of people rely on traditional medicines; however, many of these practices have not been rigorously and systematically studied or reported. We review the current understanding and research behind traditional therapies prevalent in the Indian subcontinent, including mind-body and energy-based healing, botanical medicine, and herbal remedies. Topics covered include Ayurveda, yoga, naturopathy, Unani, Siddha, Sowa-Rigpa, homeopathy, and medicinal plants such as neem, guggul, tulsi, amla, and turmeric...
May 2018: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29900257/dataset-on-gene-expression-in-the-elderly-after-mindfulness-awareness-practice-or-health-education-program
#16
Hwee-Woon Lim, Woei-Yuh Saw, Lei Feng, Yuan-Kun Lee, Ratha Mahendran, Irwin Kee-Mun Cheah, Iris Rawtaer, Alan Prem Kumar, Ee-Heok Kua, Rathi Mahendran, Ene-Choo Tan
It has been reported that relaxation techniques can improve physical health and cognitive function. A number of studies involving different types of relaxation practices showed changes in expression of genes. We investigated the gene expression pattern of a cohort of elderly subjects of Asian descent after weekly (for the first three months) and monthly (for the subsequent six months) intervention. Sixty consenting elderly subjects (aged 60-90 years) with mild cognitive impairment were assigned to either the Mindfulness Awareness Practice (MAP) or Health Education Program (HEP) group in a randomized controlled trial to assess the effectiveness of the programs in preventing further cognitive decline and evaluate the influence on neurological, cellular and biochemical factors...
June 2018: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29899806/why-is-working-memory-performance-unstable-a-review-of-21-factors
#17
REVIEW
Rachael N Blasiman, Christopher A Was
In this paper, we systematically reviewed twenty-one factors that have been shown to either vary with or influence performance on working memory (WM) tasks. Specifically, we review previous work on the influence of intelligence, gender, age, personality, mental illnesses/medical conditions, dieting, craving, stress/anxiety, emotion/motivation, stereotype threat, temperature, mindfulness training, practice, bilingualism, musical training, altitude/hypoxia, sleep, exercise, diet, psychoactive substances, and brain stimulation on WM performance...
March 2018: Europe's Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29899721/a-qualitative-exploration-of-self-kindness-and-treating-oneself-in-contexts-of-eating-weight-regulation-and-other-health-behaviors-implications-for-mindfulness-based-eating-programs
#18
Helen Egan, Michail Mantzios
Background: Caring for oneself through mindfulness and compassion to improve or enhance health behaviors, and specifically eating behaviors has come to the forefront of scientific inquiry. The experiences and challenges for people in decision making around food within the context of self-kindness for body and mind care have not been previously explored. Aims: This study explored the experiences of eating behaviors in a community sample and examined the understanding of self-kindness and its relationship to eating behaviors and wellbeing of body and mind...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29897802/models-on-the-runway-how-do-we-make-replicas-of-the-world
#19
Marlene Zuk, Mike Travisano
Models are universal in science, both as theoretical formulations of reality and as model systems, representatives of other organisms. A recent paper on how scientists view the world divides our work into the mind, the lab, and the field and suggests that models must not be conflated with reality. But in practice, these distinctions are blurred. For example, are flour beetles a model system for other insects when their natural habitat is the same as the way they live in the lab? In addition, models can become restrictive when they are viewed as archetypes, making us overgeneralize about the world and ignoring meaningful variation...
July 2018: American Naturalist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29895310/developing-a-measure-of-polypharmacy-appropriateness-in-primary-care-systematic-review-and-expert-consensus-study
#20
Jenni Burt, Natasha Elmore, Stephen M Campbell, Sarah Rodgers, Anthony J Avery, Rupert A Payne
BACKGROUND: Polypharmacy is an increasing challenge for primary care. Although sometimes clinically justified, polypharmacy can be inappropriate, leading to undesirable outcomes. Optimising care for polypharmacy necessitates effective targeting and monitoring of interventions. This requires a valid, reliable measure of polypharmacy, relevant for all patients, that considers clinical appropriateness and generic prescribing issues applicable across all medications. Whilst there are several existing measures of potentially inappropriate prescribing, these are not specifically designed with polypharmacy in mind, can require extensive clinical input to complete, and often cover a limited number of drugs...
June 13, 2018: BMC Medicine
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