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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664886/history-of-the-development-of-anesthesia-for-the-dolphin-a-quest-to-study-a-brain-as-large-as-man-s
#1
James G McCormick, Sam H Ridgway
It is important for academic-minded human anesthesiologists to have an interdisciplinary perspective when engaging in cutting-edge research as well as the practice of human anesthesiology. This was a philosophy promoted by Dr. Robert Dripps, former pioneering Chairman of the Anesthesiology Department at the University of Pennsylvania (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania). Many human and veterinary anesthesiologists as well as biomedical engineers and neuroscientists benefited from Dr. Dripps's constructive outlook personified in the quest to develop dolphin anesthesiology...
April 17, 2018: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664430/-kounis-syndrome-a-paradoxal-non-st-elevation-myocardial-infarction-case-after-triamcinolone-treatment-for-dermatitis
#2
Mücahid Yılmaz, Hasan Korkmaz
Kounis syndrome is defined as the clinical development of acute coronary syndrome caused by the activation of inflammatory cells due to an allergy, hypersensitivity, anaphylaxis, or anaphylactic reaction. Corticosteroids that are used in the treatment of many inflammatory conditions may paradoxically cause allergic reactions and even anaphylaxis. This article is a description of the case of a 52-yearold female patient who had a non-ST elevation myocardial infarction after the administration of triamcinolone that was relieved with antihistaminic treatment...
April 2018: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneği Arşivi: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneğinin Yayın Organıdır
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660642/mindfulness-based-interventions-and-their-effects-on-emotional-clarity-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
David Cooper, Keong Yap, Luisa Batalha
BACKGROUND: An inability to identify or describe internal emotional experience has been linked to a range of affective disorders. Despite burgeoning research on mindfulness-based interventions and their possible effects on emotion regulation, the effects of such interventions on emotional clarity is unclear. This review examines the evidence for the effect of mindfulness-based interventions on self-reported emotional clarity. METHOD: Published studies indexed by PsycINFO, PubMed and Scopus, as available in April 2017, were systematically reviewed...
April 5, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659151/story-making-as-methodology-disrupting-dominant-stories-through-multimedia-storytelling
#4
Carla Rice, Ingrid Mündel
In this essay, we discuss multimedia story-making methodologies developed through Re•Vision: The Centre for Art and Social Justice that investigates the power of the arts, especially story, to positively influence decision makers in diverse sectors. Our story-making methodology brings together majority and minoritized creators to represent previously unattended experiences (e.g., around mind-body differences, queer sexuality, urban Indigenous identity, and Inuit cultural voice) with an aim to building understanding and shifting policies/practices that create barriers to social inclusion and justice...
April 16, 2018: Canadian Review of Sociology, Revue Canadienne de Sociologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658321/the-neurobiology-of-focus-and-distraction-the-case-for-incorporating-mindfulness-into-leadership
#5
Paul Mohapel
Increasingly health leaders are experiencing greater demands and pressures, which require the need for better focus while limiting unwarranted distractions. This article offers a neurobiological explanation of how the brain focuses and becomes distracted, in order to help health leaders gain insight into their own effectiveness. Two main neural circuits are contrasted: the mind-wandering default mode circuit and the attentional central executive system. These two systems act in an antagonistic pairing, where the degree of toggling between systems is associated with the degree a person can sustain focus and filter out unwarranted distractions...
January 1, 2018: Healthcare Management Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657002/clinical-management-of-canine-leishmaniosis-versus-human-leishmaniasis-due-to-leishmania-infantum-putting-one-health-principles-into-practice
#6
Guadalupe Miró, Rogelio López-Vélez
The initiative One World, "One Health" tries to rapidly detect emerging or reemerging human and animal infectious diseases and prevent epidemiological situations such as deforestation, some agricultural practices or the appearance of new foci of leishmaniosis due to Leishmania infantum with alternative reservoirs. With this objective in mind, we here consider leishmaniosis in the Mediterranean basin and compare its current clinical management from two perspectives: that of a veterinarian specialized in infectious and parasitic diseases, and that of a physician specialized in infectious tropical diseases...
April 30, 2018: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651907/evidence-based-clinical-practice-guideline-for-adult-still-s-disease
#7
Toshihide Mimura, Yuya Kondo, Akihide Ohta, Masahiro Iwamoto, Akiko Ota, Nami Okamoto, Yasushi Kawaguchi, Hajime Kono, Yoshinari Takasaki, Shuji Takei, Norihiro Nishimoto, Manabu Fujimoto, Yu Funakubo Asanuma, Akio Mimori, Naoko Okiyama, Shunta Kaneko, Hiroyuki Takahashi, Masahiro Yokosawa, Takayuki Sumida
OBJECTIVES: Using an expert- and data-driven methodology, we have constructed the first clinical practice guidelines (CPG) for adult Still's disease (ASD) after complete systematic review (SR) of the literature based upon the Medical Information Network Distribution Service (Minds) procedure. METHODS: The CPG committee for ASD organized by the Research Team for Autoimmune Diseases, the Research Program for Intractable Disease of the Japanese Ministry of Health, Labour, and Welfare has developed CPG for ASD 2017, according to the procedure proposed by Minds...
April 13, 2018: Modern Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642390/low-levels-of-knowledge-attitudes-and-preventive-practices-on-leptospirosis-among-a-rural-community-in-hulu-langat-district-selangor-malaysia
#8
Noramira Nozmi, Suhailah Samsudin, Surianti Sukeri, Mohd Nazri Shafei, Wan Mohd Zahiruddin Wan Mohd, Zawaha Idris, Wan Nor Arifin, Norazlin Idris, Siti Nor Sakinah Saudi, Nurul Munirah Abdullah, Zainudin Abdul Wahab, Tengku Zetty Maztura Tengku Jamaluddin, Hejar Abd Rahman, Siti Norbaya Masri, Aziah Daud, Malina Osman, Rukman Awang Hamat
Little is known on the knowledge, attitudes and preventive practices (KAP) of leptospirosis worldwide. This study embarked on assessing the KAP of leptospirosis among rural communities in Malaysia. A total of 444 participants (223 male; 221 female) aged between 18 and 81 years old were surveyed by using a self-administered questionnaire. A majority of participants had poor knowledge level (57.0%), unacceptable attitudes (90.3%) and unacceptable preventive practices (69.1%) on leptospirosis, and only 29.7% knew "rat-urine disease" as leptospirosis...
April 6, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629606/cancer-and-complementary-therapies-current-trends-in-survivors-interest-and-use
#9
Maryam Qureshi, Erin Zelinski, Linda E Carlson
BACKGROUND: Cancer survivors use complementary therapies (CTs) for a variety of reasons; however, with interest and use reportedly on the rise and a widening range of products and practices available, there is a need to establish trends in and drivers of interest. We aimed to determine (1) frequencies of use, level of interest, and barriers for 30 specific CTs and (2) whether physical symptoms, perceived stress (PS), or spiritual well-being were related to interest levels. METHOD: A total of 212 cancer outpatients were surveyed at the Tom Baker Cancer Centre in Calgary, Canada...
April 1, 2018: Integrative Cancer Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629350/is-the-ghost-surgery-the-subject-of-legal-punishment-in-korea
#10
Seung Eun Hong, Min Ki Hong, Bo Young Park, Kyong Jae Woo, So Ra Kang
Purpose: Recently a controversy has arisen about so-called "ghost surgery" practices, and people have voiced their opinions for legal sanction against such practices, which clearly undermine the foundation of medical ethics. However, there has been a lack of legal basis for punishing those actions. The present study aims to examine which pre-existing legal provisions could be applied to regulate ghost surgery. Methods: The Korean Medical Service Act has a provision relating to informed consent to inhibit ghost surgery but does not include penalty provisions prohibiting ghost surgery itself...
April 2018: Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628441/the-original-social-network-white-matter-and-social-cognition
#11
REVIEW
Yin Wang, Ingrid R Olson
Social neuroscience has traditionally focused on the functionality of gray matter regions, ignoring the critical role played by axonal fiber pathways in supporting complex social processes. In this paper, we argue that research on white matter is essential for understanding a range of topics in social neuroscience, such as face processing, theory of mind, empathy, and imitation, as well as clinical disorders defined by aberrant social behavior, such as prosopagnosia, autism, and schizophrenia. We provide practical advice on how best to carry out these studies, which ultimately will substantially deepen our understanding of the neurobiological basis of social behavior...
April 5, 2018: Trends in Cognitive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622047/a-randomised-active-controlled-trial-to-examine-the-effects-of-an-online-mindfulness-intervention-on-executive-control-critical-thinking-and-key-thinking-dispositions-in-a-university-student-sample
#12
Chris Noone, Michael J Hogan
BACKGROUND: Arguments for including mindfulness instruction in higher education have included claims about the benefits of mindfulness practice for critical thinking. While there is theoretical support for this claim, empirical support is limited. The aim of this study was to test this claim by investigating the effects of an online mindfulness intervention on executive function, critical thinking skills and associated thinking dispositions. METHOD: Participants recruited from a university were randomly allocated, following screening, to either a mindfulness meditation group or a sham meditation group...
April 5, 2018: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622005/changing-hearts-and-minds-examining-student-nurses-experiences-and-perceptions-of-a-general-practice-placement-through-a-community-of-practice-lens
#13
Robin Lewis, Shona Kelly
BACKGROUND: The recent UK Government paper 'Five year forward view' describes the need to move much patient management from secondary to primary care, and this will require a significant increase in the numbers of General Practice Nurses (GPNs). Until recently, there has been no clear recruitment strategy to address this. There have however been a number of proposed solutions to address the impending GPN recruitment crisis and to increase the numbers of new GPNs in post. General Practitioners (GPs) working in the Advanced Training Practice Scheme (ATPS) have been commissioned by Health Education England to provide placements for student nurses...
April 5, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616913/meditation-and-mindfulness-a-call-to-action-in-elevating-primary-care
#14
Ami Kapadia
Mindfulness meditation has vast physiologic benefits that can reduce physician burnout and improve physician well-being. Collective meditation and mindfulness practices with organized continuity among physician groups can synergistically elevate the practice of primary care by fostering creativity and innovation needed for sustainable solutions. A cohesive frontline physician voice rooted in higher purpose cultivated by meditation and mindfulness practices in a platform directly linked to quality improvement can lead to meaningful change in primary care for all...
March 16, 2018: Permanente Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616846/specific-transcriptome-changes-associated-with-blood-pressure-reduction-in-hypertensive-patients-after-relaxation-response-training
#15
Manoj K Bhasin, John W Denninger, Jeff C Huffman, Marie G Joseph, Halsey Niles, Emma Chad-Friedman, Roberta Goldman, Beverly Buczynski-Kelley, Barbara A Mahoney, Gregory L Fricchione, Jeffery A Dusek, Herbert Benson, Randall M Zusman, Towia A Libermann
OBJECTIVE: Mind-body practices that elicit the relaxation response (RR) have been demonstrated to reduce blood pressure (BP) in essential hypertension (HTN) and may be an adjunct to antihypertensive drug therapy. However, the molecular mechanisms by which the RR reduces BP remain undefined. DESIGN: Genomic determinants associated with responsiveness to an 8-week RR-based mind-body intervention for lowering HTN in 13 stage 1 hypertensive patients classified as BP responders and 11 as nonresponders were identified...
April 4, 2018: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616573/physiology-learning-for-veterinary-students-impact-of-guided-practices-on-students-opinion-and-physiological-parameters
#16
Francisco A García-Vázquez, Raquel Romar, Joaquín Gadea, Carmen Matás, Pilar Coy, Salvador Ruiz
Over recent decades, education has increasingly focused on student-centered learning. Guided practices represent a new way of learning for undergraduate students of physiology, whereby the students turn into teacher-students and become more deeply involved in the subject by preparing and teaching a practical (laboratory) class to their peers. The goal was to assess the students' opinions about guided practices and how physiological parameters change during the activity. For this objective, two experiments were performed...
June 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615905/four-weekly-ayahuasca-sessions-lead-to-increases-in-acceptance-capacities-a-comparison-study-with-a-standard-8-week-mindfulness-training-program
#17
Joaquim Soler, Matilde Elices, Elisabeth Dominguez-Clavé, Juan C Pascual, Amanda Feilding, Mayte Navarro-Gil, Javier García-Campayo, Jordi Riba
Background: The therapeutic effects of the Amazonian plant tea ayahuasca may relate to its ability to enhance mindfulness capacities. Ayahuasca induces a modified state of awareness through the combined action of its active principles: the psychedelic N,N- dimethyltryptamine (DMT) and a series of centrally acting β-carbolines, mainly harmine and tetrahydroharmine. To better understand the therapeutic potential of ayahuasca, here we compared the impact on mindfulness capacities induced by two independent interventions: (a) participation in four ayahuasca sessions without any specific purpose related to improving mindfulness capacities; and (b) participation in a standard mindfulness training course: 8 weeks mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR), with the specific goal of improving these skills...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609789/-improving-communication-by-adopting-a-positive-relational-attitude
#18
REVIEW
Jocelyne Maas, Nadine Medous, Manon Queralt
In their daily practice caregivers are in constant communication with patients and families. However, as they deliver the care, are teams always mindful of the issues at stake with regard to the comments they make and the attitudes they adopt? Is the professional language always adapted to the situation? This article attempts to offer solutions by explaining the principles of hypnotic communication which facilitates relationships, including with the teams.
April 2018: Revue de L'infirmière
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609154/the-use-of-computer-mediated-communication-in-providing-patient-support-a-review-of-the-research-literature
#19
REVIEW
Amanda J Wagg, Margie M Callanan, Alexander Hassett
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to explore how computer mediated communication has been used by a variety of healthcare,professionals to support their patients and discuss the implication that this may have for future practice. DESIGN: A systematized review of the literature. DATA SOURCES: A review of empirical studies within the literature was carried out in April 2016 in CINAHL, MEDLINE, ASSIA, BNI, Psychinfo, and Web of Science databases...
March 16, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602876/supple-bodies-healthy-minds-yoga-psychedelics-and-american-mental-health
#20
Lucas Richert, Matthew DeCloedt
Much discussion about mental health has revolved around treatment models. As interdisciplinary scholarship has shown, mental health knowledge, far from being a neutral product detached from the society that generated it, was shaped by politics, economics and culture. By drawing on case studies of yoga, religion and fitness, this article will examine the ways in which mental health practices-sometimes scientific, sometimes spiritual-have been conceived, debated and applied by researchers and the public. More specifically, it will interrogate the relationship between yoga, psychedelics, South Asian and Eastern religion (as understood and practiced in the USA) and mental health...
March 30, 2018: Medical Humanities
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