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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921480/the-biodiversity-of-lactobacillus-spp-from-iranian-raw-milk-motal-cheese-and-antibacterial-evaluation-based-on-bacteriocin-encoding-genes
#1
Fahimeh Azizi, Mohammad B Habibi Najafi, Mohammad R Edalatian Dovom
Lactobacilli, as the largest group of lactic acid bacteria, produce large amounts of antimicrobial metabolites such as organic acids, fatty acids, ammonia, hydrogen peroxide, diacetyl and bacteriocin, which inhibit the growth of pathogenic bacteria and increase shelf life of food. The aim of this study was to identify the Lactobacillus spp. isolated from Iranian raw milk Motal cheese and to detect the presence of bacteriocin genes in the isolated Lactobacillus strains exhibiting antimicrobial activity. For this purpose, 6 Motal cheese samples from Dasht-e-Moghan region, Iran, were subjected to microbial characterization...
September 18, 2017: AMB Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920832/salinifilum-gen-nov-with-description-of-salinifilum-proteinilyticum-sp-nov-an-extremely-halophilic-actinomycete-isolated-from-meighan-wetland-iran-and-reclassification-of-saccharopolyspora-aidingensis-as-salinifilum-aidingensis-comb-nov-and-saccharopolyspora
#2
Mahdi Moshtaghi Nikou, Mohaddaseh Ramezani, Sharareh Harirchi, Somayyeh Makzoom, Mohammad Ali Amoozegar, Seyed Abolhassan Shahzadeh Fazeli, Peter Schumann, Antonio Ventosa
A Gram-positive, halophilic actinobacterial strain Miq-12T was isolated from Meighan wetland in Iran. Strain Miq-12T was strictly aerobic, catalase positive and oxidase negative. The isolate grew at 12-25 % NaCl, at 30-50 °C and pH 5.5-10.5. The optimum NaCl, temperature and pH for growth were 15-20 %, 40 °C and 7.0-8.0, respectively. The cell wall of strain Miq-12T contained meso-diaminopimelic acid as diagnostic diamino acid and arabinose as whole-cell sugar. The polar lipid pattern consisted of diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylcholine and phosphatidylinositol...
September 18, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920070/prevalence-and-associated-factors-of-acute-traumatic-coagulopathy-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Hojjat Derakhshanfar, Ali Vafaei, Ali Tabatabaey, Shamila Noori
INTRODUCTION: Acute traumatic coagulopathy (ATC) is defined as having evidence of coagulopathy in patients with severe trauma. The aim of this preliminary study was to assess the prevalence and associated factors of ATC in severely traumatic patients presenting to emergency department (ED). METHODS: In this retrospective cross sectional study, all patients with severe traumatic injury and available coagulation profile, presenting to the EDs of two major trauma centers in Tehran, Iran, during one year, were studied...
2017: Emergency (Tehran, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920050/management-of-chronic-daily-headache-and-psychiatric-co-morbidities-by-lifestyle-modification-participatory-action-research-combining-new-communication-media
#4
Fakhrudin Faizi, Abbas Tavallaee, Abolfazl Rahimi, Masoud Saghafinia
BACKGROUND: Lifestyle modification has a significant role in chronic daily headache (CDH) management. Participatory action research (PAR) can play an important role in managing chronic medical conditions. However, it has been scarcely used in CDH management. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to empower patients with CDH to modify their lifestyle in order to reduce both their headache and related psychiatric co-morbidities in a multidisciplinary headache clinic at Baqiyatallah hospital, Tehran, IR Iran...
April 2017: Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919912/the-isfahan-comprehensive-elderly-study-objectives-research-design-methodology-and-preliminary-results
#5
Zahra Heidari, Awat Feizi
BACKGROUND: This paper presents the objectives, research design, methodology, and primary findings of the Isfahan Comprehensive Elderly Study (ICES). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 603 elderly persons (aged 60 and over) were selected by multistage cluster sampling method from Isfahan, Iran, in 2016 comprehensive questionnaires along with a detailed interview were used to collect information on personal, family, socioeconomic, health and social services characteristics, life styles, physical illnesses and chronic diseases, mental, emotional and cognition disorders, quality of life, disabilities, sleep quality, social supports, life satisfaction, self-efficacy, and of participants...
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919911/comprehensibility-of-selected-usp-pictograms-by-illiterate-and-literate-farsi-speakers-the-first-experience-in-iran-part-i
#6
Amir H Zargarzadeh, Sahar Ahamdi
BACKGROUND: Good understanding of medication instructions is paramount to a good pharmaceutical care. The aim of our study was to examine the understandability of the selected three most applicable pictograms by participants and their recall after educational mini sessions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: First, nine experienced pharmacists selected the three most potentially applicable pictograms. Pictograms A to C were determined, respectively, "A-take medication with food," "B-medication may cause drowsiness," and "C-take medication before sleep...
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918611/anti-melanogenic-activity-and-cytotoxicity-of-pistacia-vera-hull-on-human-melanoma-skmel-3-cells
#7
Parisa Sarkhail, Mona Salimi, Pantea Sarkheil, Hirsa Mostafapour Kandelous
Pistacia vera seed is a common food and medicinal seed in Iran. It's hull (outer skin) as a significant byproduct of pistachio, is traditionally used as tonic, sedative and antidiarrheal and has been shown to be a rich source of antioxidants. The aim of the present study is to evaluate the anti-melanogenic activity of the pistachio hulls in order to discover a new alternative herbal agent to treat skin hyperpigmentation disorders. In this work, antioxidant and anti-tyrosinase activity of MeOH extract from Pistacia vera hull (MPH) were evaluated in vitro, respectively, by DPPH radical scavenging and mushroom tyrosinase activity assays...
July 2017: Acta Medica Iranica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918536/a-comparative-study-of-inorganic-elements-in-the-blood-of-male-and-female-caspian-pond-turtles-mauremys-caspica-from-the-southern-basin-of-the-caspian-sea
#8
Milad Adel, Adriana A Cortés-Gómez, Maryam Dadar, Hossein Riyahi, Marc Girondot
Due to their bioaccumulation and biomagnification pathways, inorganic elements can accumulate in high-level aquatic organisms in the food web. Then, this species can be used to monitor the quality of the environment. Blood concentration of nine inorganic elements, including possible toxic metals (An, Cu, Mn, Se, As, Ni, Cd, Pb, and Hg), in 20 males and 20 females from eight different locations with high industry and agriculture activities in Iran were evaluated in this work. Additionally, size, sex, condition index, and locations were also included and analyzed...
September 16, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918270/corrigendum-to-simulating-soil-organic-carbon-stock-as-affected-by-land-cover-change-and-climate-change-hyrcanian-forests-northern-iran-sci-total-environ-599-600-2017-1646-1657
#9
Azam Soleimani, Seyed Mohsen Hosseini, Ali Reza Massah Bavani, Mostafa Jafari, Rosa Francaviglia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 13, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916458/molecular-identification-of-waterborn-free-living-amoebae-acanthamoeba-naegleria-and-vermamoeba-isolated-from-municipal-drinking-water-and-environmental-sources-north-half-of-iran
#10
Ehsan Javanmard, Maryam Niyyati, Jacob Lorenzo-Morales, Zohreh Lasjerdi, Hamed Behniafar, Hamed Mirjalili
The present study tested 80 samples of municipal, geothermal and recreational water samples for the occurrence of waterborn free living amoebae (FLA) including Acanthamoeba, Balamuthia mandrillaris, Vahlkampfiids and Vermamoeba in Semnan province, North half of Iran. Four sets of primers including JDP1,2 primers, ITS1,2 primers (Vahlkampfiids), 16S rRNABal primers (Balamuthia mandrillaris) and NA1,2 primers (Vermamoeba) were used to confirm the morphological identification. From the 80 water samples tested in the present study, 16 (20%) were positive for the outgrowth of free living amoebae based on the morphological page key...
September 12, 2017: Experimental Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916317/presence-of-human-herpesvirus-8-hhv-8-dna-sequences-in-patients-with-lymphoproliferative-diseases-and-chronic-blood-disorders
#11
Hossein Keyvani, Mohammad Hadi Karbalaie Niya, Maryam Esghaei, Farah Bokharaei Salim, Seyed Hamid Reza Monavari
OBJECTIVE: Human herpesvirus 8 (HHV-8) is the causative agent of Kaposi's sarcoma (KS), but it has also been associated with different hematologic malignancies, including plasmablastic lymphoma, Multicentric Castleman's disease (MCD), primary effusion lymphoma (PEL) and various atypical lymphoproliferative disorders. Patients with underlying lymphoproliferative diseases and chronic blood disorders who become infected with this virus are at risk for human malignancies. This small study reported the frequency of human herpesvirus -8 in 81 Iranian patients with lymphoproliferative disorders for estimation of possible factors affecting malignancy...
September 12, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916287/effects-of-anti-inflammatory-compounds-on-sulfur-mustard-injured-cells-recommendations-and-caveats-suggested-by-in-vitro-cell-culture-models
#12
Georg Menacher, Dirk Steinritz, Annette Schmidt, Tanja Popp, Franz Worek, Thomas Gudermann, Horst Thiermann, Frank Balszuweit
Sulfur mustard (SM) is a vesicant agent who had its first military use 100 years ago, in Ypres. Since then it has been used in several conflicts like the Iran-Iraq war in the 1980s. The use of SM in Syria 2015 indicated the still existing threat. Despite decades of research no causal antidote against SM intoxication is available, so far. A SM intoxication is accompanied by necrosis, apoptosis and inflammation. To counteract the SM-induced inflammation, glucocorticoids and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory compounds (NSAIDs) are recommended...
September 12, 2017: Toxicology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916186/clinical-immunological-and-genetic-spectrum-of-696-patients-with-combined-immunode%C3%AF-ciency
#13
Hassan Abolhassani, Janet Chou, Wayne Bainter, Craig Platt, Mahmood Tavassoli, Toba Momen, Marzieh Tavakol, Mohammad Hossein Eslamian, Mohammad Gharagozlou, Masoud Movahedi, Mohsen Ghadami, Amir Ali Hamidieh, Gholamreza Azizi, Reza Yazdani, Mohsen Afarideh, Alireza Ghajar, Arash Havaei, Zahra Chavoushzadeh, Seyed Alireza Mahdaviani, Taher Cheraghi, Nasrin Behniafard, Reza Amin, Soheila Aleyasin, Reza Faridhosseini, Farahzad Jabbari-Azad, Mohammamd Nabavi, Mohammad Hassan Bemanian, Saba Arshi, Rasol Molatefi, Roya Sherkat, Mahboubeh Mansouri, Mehrnaz Mesdaghi, Delara Babaie, Iraj Mohammadzadeh, Javad Ghaffari, Alireza Shafiei, Najmeddin Kalantari, Hamid Ahanchian, Maryam Khoshkhui, Habib Soheili, Abbas Dabbaghzadeh, Afshin Shirkani, Rasoul Nasiri Kalmarzi, Seyed Hamidreza Mortazavi, Javad Tafaroji, Abbas Khalili, Javad Mohammadi, Babak Negahdari, Mohammad-Taghi Joghataei, Basel K Al-Ramadi, Capucine Picard, Nima Parvaneh, Nima Rezaei, Talal Chatila, Michel J Massaad, Sevgi Keles, Lennart Hammarström, Raif S Geha, Asghar Aghamohammadi
BACKGROUND: Combined immunodeficiencies (CIDs) are diseases of defective adaptive immunity with diverse clinical phenotypes. Although CIDs are more prevalent in the Middle East than Western countries, the resources for genetic diagnosis are limited. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to characterize the categories of CID patients in Iran clinically and genetically. METHODS: Clinical and laboratory data were obtained from 696 patients with CIDs. Patients were subdivided into those with syndromic (344 patients) and non-syndromic CIDs (352 patients)...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915995/detection-and-molecular-characterization-of-feline-hemoplasmas-in-wild-felid-species-in-iran-in-the-middle-east
#14
Fereshteh Ghazisaeedi, Nahid Atyabi, Taghi Zahraei Salehi, Saeid Tabatabaei, Iraj Ashrafi Tamai, Iman Memarian, Séverine Tasker
Three feline hemoplasma species exist in felids: Mycoplasma haemofelis, 'Candidatus Mycoplasma haemominutum', and 'Candidatus Mycoplasma turicensis'. The aims of the study were to determine the presence of, and molecularly characterize, any hemoplasmas in wild felids, including the endangered Persian leopard in Iran, the Middle East. Blood samples were collected from 19 wild felids, including three Persian leopards. Using species-specific hemoplasma PCRs and ELISA serological testing for feline leukaemia virus and feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV), two Persian leopards were found to be infected with 'Ca...
October 2017: Comparative Immunology, Microbiology and Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915725/distribution-of-rotavirus-genotypes-ccirculating-in-ahvaz-iran-in-2016
#15
Azarakhsh Azaran, Manoochehr Makvandi, Ali Teimoori, Saeedeh Ebrahimi, Farzad Heydari, Roya Nikfar
Background: Group A rotavirus (RVA) mainly causes acute gastroenteritis, exclusively in young children in developing countries. The prevalence and determination of the molecular epidemiology of rotavirus genotypes will determine the dominant rotavirus genotypes in the region and provide a strategy for the development of appropriate vaccines. Methods: A total of 100 fecal samples were collected from children below five years with acute gastroenteritis who referred to Aboozar Children’s Hospital of Ahvaz city during October 2015 to March 2016...
September 16, 2017: Iranian Biomedical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915111/the-effect-of-group-counseling-based-on-self-awareness-skill-on-sexual-risk-taking-among-girl-students-in-gorgan-iran-a-randomized-trial
#16
Golnoosh Kabiri, Tayebe Ziaei, Masumeh Rezaei Aval, Mohammad Ali Vakili
Background Sexual puberty in adolescents occurs before their mental and emotional maturity and exposes them to high-risk sexual behaviors. Because sexual risk-taking occurs before adolescents become involved in a sexual relationship, this study was conducted to identify the effect of group counseling based on self-awareness skill on sexual risk-taking among female high school students in Gorgan in order to suggest some preventative measures. Methods The present parallel study is a randomized field trial conducted on 96 girl students who were studying in grades 10, 11 and 12 of high school with an age range of 14-18 years old...
September 15, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913940/caesarean-birth-is-associated-with-both-maternal-and-paternal-origin-in-immigrants-in-sweden-a-population-based-study
#17
Sol P Juárez, Rhonda Small, Anders Hjern, Erica Schytt
BACKGROUND: To investigate the association between maternal country of birth and father's origin and unplanned and planned caesarean birth in Sweden. METHODS: Population-based register study including all singleton births in Sweden between 1999 and 2012 (n = 1 311 885). Multinomial regression was conducted to estimate odds ratios (OR) for unplanned and planned caesarean with 95% confidence intervals for migrant compared with Swedish-born women. Analyses were stratified by parity...
September 15, 2017: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913671/the-effect-of-educational-program-based-on-precede-model-in-promoting-prostate-cancer-screening-in-a-sample-of-iranian-men
#18
Ali Khani Jeihooni, Seyyed Mansour Kashfi, Mahmood Hatami, Abulqasim Avand, Mohammad-Rafi Bazrafshan
Prostate cancer is one of the most prevalent diseases among men. This study aimed to assess the effect of educational program based on Predisposing, Reinforcing, and Enabling Constructs in Educational/Environmental Diagnosis and Evaluation (PRECEDE) model in promoting prostate cancer screening in a sample of Iranian men. This is a quasi-experimental study carried out on 300 men aged 40 to 70 (the subjects 150 experimental and 150 control groups) in Shiraz City, Fars Province, Iran, in 2016. The participants of the intervention group attended training based on the PRECEDE model...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913510/the-prevalence-and-determinants-of-pterygium-in-rural-areas
#19
Hassan Hashemi, Mehdi Khabazkhoob, Abbasali Yekta, Ebrahim Jafarzadehpour, Hadi Ostadimoghaddam, Haleh Kangari
PURPOSE: To evaluate the prevalence of pterygium and its determinants in the underserved, rural population of Iran. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study of 3851 selected individuals, 86.5% participated in the study, and the prevalence of pterygium was evaluated in 3312 participants. A number of villages were selected from the north and south of Iran using multistage cluster sampling. Pterygium was diagnosed by the ophthalmologist using slit-lamp examination. RESULTS: The mean age of the study participants was 37...
September 2017: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912785/genotyping-by-sequencing-gbs-revealed-molecular-genetic-diversity-of-iranian-wheat-landraces-and-cultivars
#20
Hadi Alipour, Mohammad R Bihamta, Valiollah Mohammadi, Seyed A Peyghambari, Guihua Bai, Guorong Zhang
Background: Genetic diversity is an essential resource for breeders to improve new cultivars with desirable characteristics. Recently, genotyping-by-sequencing (GBS), a next-generation sequencing (NGS) technology that can simplify complex genomes, has now be used as a high-throughput and cost-effective molecular tool for routine breeding and screening in many crop species, including the species with a large genome. Results: We genotyped a diversity panel of 369 Iranian hexaploid wheat accessions including 270 landraces collected between 1931 and 1968 in different climate zones and 99 cultivars released between 1942 to 2014 using 16,506 GBS-based single nucleotide polymorphism (GBS-SNP) markers...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
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