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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821058/exploration-of-permeability-and-antifouling-performance-on-modified-cellulose-acetate-ultrafiltration-membrane-with-cellulose-nanocrystals
#1
Jinling Lv, Guoquan Zhang, Hanmin Zhang, Fenglin Yang
Cellulose nanocrystals (CNCs) were introduced into cellulose diacetate (CDA) matrix via immerged phase-inversion process, aiming to improve the filtration and antifouling performance of CNCs/CDA blending membrane. The effects of CNCs on membrane morphologies, hydrophilicity, permeability and antifouling property were investigated. Results showed that the incorporation of CNCs into CDA membrane could effectively enhance the permeability and antifouling property of CNCs/CDA blending membrane by optimizing membrane microstructure and improving membrane hydrophilicity...
October 15, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820424/observation-of-self-polarization-in-the-bsa-protected-au20-clusters
#2
Deepak Kumar Swain, Alongbar Narzary, Anil Singh, Amreesh Chandra, T Nagasawa, S Yamamoto, Masaya Mitsuishi, S Rath
The bovine serum albumin (BSA) protected gold clusters (atomicity ~ 20), prepared using a wet chemical route, show a strong dipolar radiative transition with gap energy of 1.93 eV due to the high oscillator strength as confirmed from the emission studies. Self-arrangement of the clusters having fixed atomicity yields a low dispersive dielectric and electric self-polarization nature. The electrical hysteresis loop measurements returned a remanent polarization as 0.05 µC/cm2 which can be correlated with dipolar orientation (activation energy ~ 45...
August 18, 2017: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817685/clinical-implications-of-carcinoembryonic-antigen-distribution-in-serum-exosomal-fraction-measurement-by-elisa
#3
Shozo Yokoyama, Akihiro Takeuchi, Shunsuke Yamaguchi, Yasuyuki Mitani, Takashi Watanabe, Kenji Matsuda, Tsukasa Hotta, John E Shively, Hiroki Yamaue
BACKGROUND: Serum exosomal proteins have great potential as indicators of disease status in cancer, inflammatory or metabolic diseases. The association of a fraction of various serum proteins such as carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) with circulating exosomes has been debated. The establishment of a method to measure the exosomal fraction of such proteins might help resolve this controversy. The use of enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs) to measure serum exosomal molecules, for example CEA, is rare in research laboratories and totally absent in clinical biology...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817438/alternatively-activated-macrophages-drive-browning-of-white-adipose-tissue-in-burns
#4
Abdikarim Abdullahi, Christopher Auger, Mile Stanojcic, David Patsouris, Alexandra Parousis, Slava Epelman, Marc G Jeschke
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to uncover the mediators and mechanistic events that facilitate the browning of white adipose tissue (WAT) in response to burns. BACKGROUND: In hypermetabolic patients (eg, burns, cancer), the browning of WAT has presented substantial clinical challenges related to cachexia, atherosclerosis, and poor clinical outcomes. Browning of the adipose tissue has recently been found to induce and sustain hypermetabolism. Although browning appears central in trauma-, burn-, or cancer-induced hypermetabolic catabolism, the mediators are essentially unknown...
August 16, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817087/the-preparation-and-identification-of-a-monoclonal-antibody-against-domoic-acid-and-establishment-of-detection-by-indirect-competitive-elisa
#5
Abdullah F U H Saeed, Sumei Ling, Jun Yuan, Shihua Wang
Domoic acid (DA) is a potent toxin, marine biotoxin, and primarily produced by Pseudo-nitzschia. The DA hapten was coupled with bovine serum albumin (BSA), and ovalbumin (OVA) as carrier proteins. DA-BSA conjugate was used as immunogen and DA-OVA as coating antigen. Cell fusion between spleen cells and sp2/0 myeloma cells developed 1C3 hybridoma clone producing 1C3 monoclonal antibody (mAb). Hybridoma was injected into the mice to produce ascites, and further purified by caprylic acid/ammonium sulfate method...
August 17, 2017: Toxins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816938/advanced-glycation-end-products-promote-chrebp-expression-and-cell-proliferation-in-liver-cancer-cells-by-increasing-reactive-oxygen-species
#6
Hanbei Chen, Yakui Li, Yemin Zhu, Lifang Wu, Jian Meng, Ning Lin, Dianqiang Yang, Minle Li, WenJin Ding, Xuemei Tong, Qing Su
The aim of the study was to elucidate the mechanism by which advanced glycation end products (AGEs) promote cell proliferation in liver cancer cells.We treated liver cancer HepG2 cells with 200 mg/L AGEs or bovine serum albumin (BSA) and assayed for cell viability, cell cycle, and apoptosis. We performed real-time PCR and Western blot analysis for RNA and protein levels of carbohydrate responsive element-binding protein (ChREBP) in AGEs- or BSA-treated HepG2 cells. We analyzed the level of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in HepG2 cells treated with AGEs or BSA...
August 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815560/comparison-of-indirubin-concentrations-in-indigo-naturalis-ointment-for-psoriasis-treatment-a-randomized-double-blind-dosage-controlled-trial
#7
Y K Lin, L C See, Y H Huang, C C Chi, R C Y Hui
BACKGROUND: Indigo naturalis and its refined formulation, Lindioil, are effective in treating psoriatic symptoms topically. Indirubin is the active ingredient in indigo naturalis. OBJECTIVES: To determine the efficacy and safety of different concentrations of indirubin in Lindioil ointment for treating psoriasis. METHODS: In this randomized, double-blind trial, adult patients presenting with chronic plaque psoriasis for >1 year and with <20% of the body surface area (BSA) affected were randomized to apply Lindioil ointment containing 200 μg/g, 100 μg/g, 50 μg/g, or 10 μg/g of indirubin twice daily for 8 weeks followed by an additional 12-week safety/extension period...
August 17, 2017: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815281/quantitative-characterization-of-colloidal-assembly-of-graphene-oxide-silver-nanoparticle-hybrids-using-aerosol-differential-mobility-coupled-mass-analyses
#8
Thai Phuong Nguyen, Wei-Chang Chang, Yen-Chih Lai, Ta-Chih Hsiao, De-Hao Tsai
In this work, we develop an aerosol-based, time-resolved ion mobility-coupled mass characterization method to investigate colloidal assembly of graphene oxide (GO)-silver nanoparticle (AgNP) hybrid nanostructure on a quantitative basis. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and zeta potential (ZP) analysis were used to provide visual information and elemental-based particle size distributions, respectively. Results clearly show a successful controlled assembly of GO-AgNP by electrostatic-directed heterogeneous aggregation between GO and bovine serum albumin (BSA)-functionalized AgNP under an acidic environment...
August 16, 2017: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815186/children-are-not-little-adults-blood-transfusion-in-children-with-burn-injury
#9
REVIEW
Tina L Palmieri
Blood transfusion in burns larger than 20% total body surface area (TBSA) are frequent due to operative procedures, blood sampling, and physiologic response to burn injury. Optimizing the use of blood transfusions requires an understanding of the physiology of burn injury, the risks and benefits of blood transfusion, and the indications for transfusion. Age also plays a role in determining blood transfusion requirements. Children in particular have a different physiology than adults, which needs to be considered prior to transfusing blood and blood products...
2017: Burns and trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814948/synthesis-characterization-cytotoxic-activity-and-interactions-with-ct-dna-and-bsa-of-cationic-ruthenium-ii-complexes-containing-dppm-and-quinoline-carboxylates
#10
Edinaldo N da Silva, Paulo A B da Silva, Angélica E Graminha, Pollyanna F de Oliveira, Jaqueline L Damasceno, Denise C Tavares, Alzir A Batista, Gustavo Von Poelhsitz
The complexes cis-[Ru(quin)(dppm)2]PF6 and cis-[Ru(kynu)(dppm)2]PF6 (quin = quinaldate; kynu = kynurenate; dppm = bis(diphenylphosphino)methane) were prepared and characterized by elemental analysis, electronic, FTIR, (1)H, and (31)P{(1)H} NMR spectroscopies. Characterization data were consistent with a cis arrangement for the dppm ligands and a bidentate coordination through carboxylate oxygens of the quin and kynu anions. These complexes were not able to intercalate CT-DNA as shown by circular dichroism spectroscopy...
2017: Bioinorganic Chemistry and Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813645/lat-is-essential-for-the-mast-cell-stabilising-effect-of-thga-in-ige-mediated-mast-cell-activation
#11
Ji Wei Tan, Daud Ahmad Israf, Nur Fariesha Md Hashim, Yoke Kqueen Cheah, Hanis Hazeera Harith, Khozirah Shaari, Chau Ling Tham
Mast cells play a central role in the pathogenesis of allergic reaction. Activation of mast cells by antigens is strictly dependent on the influx of extracellular calcium that involves a complex interaction between signalling molecules located within the cells. We have previously reported that tHGA, an active compound originally isolated from a local shrub known as Melicope ptelefolia, prevented IgE-mediated mast cell activation and passive systemic anaphylaxis by suppressing the release of interleukin-4 (IL-4) and tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-α from activated rat basophilic leukaemia (RBL)-2H3 cells...
August 13, 2017: Biochemical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813159/enhancing-enzyme-activity-and-immobilization-in-nanostructured-inorganic-enzyme-complexes
#12
Xuye Lang, Lingling Zhu, Yingning Gao, Ian Wheeldon
Understanding the chemical and physical interactions at the interface of protein surfaces and inorganic crystals has important implications in the advancement of immobilized enzyme catalysis. Recently, enzyme-inorganic hybrid complexes have been demonstrated as effective materials for enzyme-immobilization. The precipitation of phosphate nanocrystals in the presence of enzymes creates enzyme-Cu3(PO4)2-3H2O particles with high surface-to-volume ratios, enhanced activity, and increased stability. Here, we begin to develop a mechanistic understanding of enzyme loading in such complexes...
August 16, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813136/targeting-of-cellular-organelles-by-fluorescent-plasmid-dna-nanoparticles
#13
Diana Costa, Carolina Costa, Margarida Vaz Caldeira, Luisa Maria Cortes, João A Queiroz, Carla Cruz
The development of a suitable delivery system and the targeting of intracellular organelles are both essential for the success of drug and gene therapies. The conception of fluorescent ligands, displaying targeting specificity together with low toxicity, is an emerging and reliable tool to develop innovative delivery systems. Biocompatible BSA or pDNA/ligand nanoparticles were synthesized by a co-precipitation method and were shown to display adequate sizes and morphology for delivery purposes, and positive surface charges...
August 16, 2017: Biomacromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810981/thermoregulatory-response-to-exercise-after-exertional-heat-stroke
#14
Emmanuel Sagui, Sophie Beighau, Arnaud Jouvion, Julie Trichereau, Delphine Cornet, René Charles Berthelot, Frédéric Canini, Laurent Grélot
BACKGROUND: After one episode of exertional heat stroke (EHS), risk factors must be identified to determine the potential for subsequent episodes. One of these risk factors, core body temperature (Tco) kinetics during strenuous exercise, may be a surrogate marker suggestive of impaired thermoregulation. This study aimed to determine the kinetics of increases in Tco among military subjects who had a history of EHS. METHODS: Forty subjects (38 males, mean age 28.4 ± 4...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810916/the-catsper-channel-and-its-roles-in-male-fertility-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Xiang-Hong Sun, Ying-Ying Zhu, Lin Wang, Hong-Ling Liu, Yong Ling, Zong-Li Li, Li-Bo Sun
The Catsper channel is a sperm-specific, Ca(2+)-permeable, pH-dependent, and low voltage-dependent channel that is essential for the hyperactivity of sperm flagellum, chemotaxis towards the egg, capacitation and acrosome reaction. All of these physiological events require calcium entry into sperm cells. Remarkably, Catsper genes are exclusively expressed in the testis during spermatogenesis, and are sensitive to ion channel-induced pH change, such as NHEs, Ca(2+)ATPase, K(+) channel, Hv1 channel and HCO3(-) transporters...
August 15, 2017: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology: RB&E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810267/incidence-of-discomfort-during-pure-tone-audiometry-and-measurement-of-uncomfortable-loudness-levels-among-people-seeking-help-for-tinnitus-and-or-hyperacusis
#16
Hashir Aazh, Brian C J Moore
Purpose: The aim of this study was to assess the proportion of patients seen in a tinnitus and hyperacusis therapy clinic for whom presentation levels based on the British Society of Audiology (BSA)-recommended procedures for pure-tone audiometry and determination of uncomfortable loudness levels (ULLs) exceed ULLs, leading to discomfort during administration of these procedures. Method: This was a retrospective cross-sectional study of 362 consecutive patients who attended a National Health Service audiology clinic for tinnitus and/or hyperacusis rehabilitation...
August 15, 2017: American Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810234/electrochemical-aptamer-based-nanosensor-fabricated-on-single-au-nanowire-electrodes-for-adenosine-triphosphate-assay
#17
Dongmei Wang, Xiaoqing Xiao, Shen Xu, Yong Liu, Yongxin Li
In this work, single Au nanowire electrodes (AuNWEs) were fabricated by laser-assisted pulling/hydrofluoric acid (HF) etching process, which then were characterized by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), electrochemical method and finite-element simulation. The as-prepared single AuNWEs were used to construct electrochemical aptamer-based nanosensors (E-AB nanosensors) based on the formation of Au-S bond that duplex DNA tagged with methylene blue (MB) was modified on the surface of electrode. In the presence of adenosine triphosphate (ATP), the MB-labeled aptamer dissociated from the duplex DNA due to the strong specific affinity between aptamer and target, which lead to the reduction of MB electrochemical signals...
August 9, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809995/efficacy-and-safety-of-apremilast-in-patients-with-moderate-plaque-psoriasis-with-lower-bsa-week-16-results-from-the-unveil-study
#18
Bruce Strober, Jerry Bagel, Mark Lebwohl, Linda Stein Gold, J Mark Jackson, Rongdean Chen, Joana Goncalves, Eugenia Levi, Kristina Callis Duffin
<p>INTRODUCTION: Many options are available for patients with moderate to severe plaque psoriasis. Patients with moderate disease, however, are often undertreated and do not achieve satisfactory clearance. UNVEIL (NCT02425826) assessed efficacy and safety of apremilast in patients with chronic moderate plaque psoriasis.</p> <p>METHODS: Patients with psoriasis body surface area (BSA) 5% to 10% and static Physician's Global Assessment (sPGA) score of 3 (moderate) without prior exposure to systemics were randomized (2:1) to apremilast 30 mg twice daily or placebo for 16 weeks...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809838/easy-manipulation-of-architectures-in-protein-based-hydrogels-for-cell-culture-applications
#19
Nicholas Bodenberger, Dennis Kubiczek, Frank Rosenau
Hydrogels are recognized as promising materials for cell culture applications due to their ability to provide highly hydrated cell environments. The field of 3D templates is rising due to the potential resemblance of those materials to the natural extracellular matrix. Protein-based hydrogels are particularly promising because they can easily be functionalized and can achieve defined structures with adjustable physicochemical properties. However, the production of macroporous 3D templates for cell culture applications using natural materials is often limited by their weaker mechanical properties compared to those of synthetic materials...
August 4, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809529/multiphoton-fabrication-of-fibronectin-functionalized-protein-micropatterns-stiffness-induced-maturation-of-cell-matrix-adhesions-in-human-mesenchymal-stem-cells
#20
Jiaoni Ma, Chuen Wai Li, Nan Huang, Xinna Wang, Minghui Tong, Alfonso H W Ngan, Barbara P Chan
Cell-matrix adhesions are important structures governing the interactions between cells and their microenvironment at the cell-matrix interface. Focal complex (FC) and focal adhesion (FA) have been substantially investigated in conventional 2D culture system using fibroblast as in vitro model. However, the formation of more mature types of cell-matrix adhesion in human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs), including fabrillar adhesion (FBA) and 3D matrix adhesion (3DMA), have not been fully elucidated. Here, we try to provide some hints on which niche factor(s) dominate(s) the maturation of FBA and 3DMA by using multiphoton fabrication-based micropatterning technique...
August 15, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
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