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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529419/comparative-study-of-efficacy-and-safety-of-botulinum-toxin-a-injections-and-subcutaneous-curettage-in-the-treatment-of-axillary-hyperhidrosis
#1
Leelavathy Budamakuntla, Eswari Loganathan, Anju George, B N Revanth, V Sankeerth, Sacchidananda Aradhya Sarvjnamurthy
BACKGROUND: Primary focal axillary hyperhidrosis is a chronic distressing disorder affecting both the sexes. When the condition is refractory to conservative management, we should go for more promising therapies like intradermal botulinum toxin A (BtxA) injections in the axilla, and surgical therapies like subcutaneous curettage of sweat glands. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to compare the efficacy, safety and duration of action of intradermal BtxA injections in one axilla and subcutaneous curettage of sweat glands in the other axilla of the same patient with axillary hyperhidrosis...
January 2017: Journal of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528731/-hidradenocarcinoma-of-the-heel-associated-with-inguinal-metastases
#2
W Labbardi, F Hali, F Marnissi, B Cribier, S Chiheb
BACKGROUND: Hidradenocarcinoma is a rare malignant tumour involving the sweat glands. It classically arises de novo, only rarely resulting from pre-existing hidradenoma. The literature contains few reports of lymph node metastasis in this tumour. We report a case of a patient with hidradenocarcinoma of the heel associated with inguinal node metastases. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We report the case of a 64-year-old patient with a history of chronic smoking, who in the last two years developed a painless nodule in his right heel, with no prior injury, and which gradually increased in size to become an ulcerated tumour...
May 18, 2017: Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528614/multifocal-tuberculosis-verrucosa-cutis-a-manifestation-extraordinary-of-reactivation-secondary-tuberculosis
#3
Virendra N Sehgal, Prashant Verma, Sambit N Bhattacharya, Sonal Sharma, Navjeevan Singh
A BCG (Bacillus Calmette-Guérin)-vaccinated 78-year-old man, a native Indian, reported with numerous asymptomatic, peanut-sized, dirty gray, elevated eruptions of 1 year's duration appearing over apparently normal skin on the upper and lower extremities (Figure 1). The onset of the eruptions had been sudden, but they had progressed slowly. A history of cough and/or expectoration, evening rise of temperature, night sweats, or loss of appetite and weight was denied.
2017: Skinmed
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527279/-cases-of-acute-pesticide-poisoning-in-colonia-puerto-pirap%C3%A3-itap%C3%A3%C2%BAa-paraguay-february-2014
#4
María Esther Pedrozo, Sandra Ocampos, Rosa Galeano, Andrea Ojeda, Agueda Cabello, Dalva De Assis
In Paraguay, pesticides are the causative agent in 13.7% of poisonings, especially organophosphorus compounds. Such poisoning produces the inhibition of acetylcholinesterase generating three possible clinical conditions: acute poisoning, intermediate syndrome or late neurotoxicity. We present 15 cases of acute poisoning, ten women and five men from a rural community between 5 and 67 years of age, whose symptoms began after using water contaminated by pesticides from the community network. The most common symptoms were nausea and vomiting, followed by abdominal pain, headache, fever, itching, red eyes and sweating...
June 1, 2017: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522768/a-model-for-in-vivo-analysis-of-sudomotor-sympathetic-c-fiber-activation-and-human-sweat-gland-output
#5
Gary W Mack
Quantitative assessment of small fiber peripheral neuropathy often involves an evaluation of the interaction between the C-fiber sudomotor nerve and local sweat rate (SR). Typically, some sort of quantitative sudomotor axon reflex test (QSART) is performed to aid in diagnosing small fiber dysfunction. The currently used QSART demonstrates only moderate test-retest reliability and therefore limits its usefulness in tracking small fiber dysfunction. A new experimental model to examine small C-fiber function in the skin using intradermal electrical stimulation and simultaneous monitoring of SR is proposed...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516981/botulinum-toxin-therapy-functional-silencing-of-salivary-disorders
#6
A Lovato, D A Restivo, G Ottaviano, G Marioni, R Marchese-Ragona
Botulinum toxin (BTX) is a neurotoxic protein produced by Clostridium botulinum, an anaerobic bacterium. BTX therapy is a safe and effective treatment when used for functional silencing of the salivary glands in disorders such as sialoceles and salivary fistulae that may have a post-traumatic or post-operative origin. BTX injections can be considered in sialoceles and salivary fistulae after the failure of or together with conservative treatments (e.g. antibiotics, pressure dressings, or serial aspirations)...
April 2017: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516249/-a-67-year-old-man-with-fever-night-sweat-and-ascites
#7
A Hiseni-Kamberi, W-D Maier, K Junker, M Argirov
A 67-year-old man presented with fever, night sweat and abdominal complaints for about 4 weeks. Ultrasound and a computed tomography scan showed distinct ascites as the main finding, presenting as exsudate with predominating lymphoid cells. Because of long-term immunosuppressive therapy with the tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α inhibitor golimumab for psoriasis, the suspicion for a possible tuberculous peritonitis arose. This was confirmed with an enzyme-linked immunospot assay, a high level of adenosine deaminase in the ascites and a peritoneum which was studded with multiple whitish nodules, corresponding to granulomas with giant cells...
May 17, 2017: Der Internist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512341/a-new-paradigm-in-sweat-based-wearable-diagnostics-biosensors-using-room-temperature-ionic-liquids-rtils
#8
Rujuta D Munje, Sriram Muthukumar, Badrinath Jagannath, Shalini Prasad
Successful commercialization of wearable diagnostic sensors necessitates stability in detection of analytes over prolonged and continuous exposure to sweat. Challenges are primarily in ensuring target disease specific small analytes (i.e. metabolites, proteins, etc.) stability in complex sweat buffer with varying pH levels and composition over time. We present a facile approach to address these challenges using RTILs with antibody functionalized sensors on nanoporous, flexible polymer membranes. Temporal studies were performed using both infrared spectroscopic, dynamic light scattering, and impedimetric spectroscopy to demonstrate stability in detection of analytes, Interleukin-6 (IL-6) and Cortisol, from human sweat in RTILs...
May 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511826/use-of-hypnosis-meditation-and-biofeedback-in-dermatology
#9
Philip D Shenefelt
Hypnosis utilizes trance to access otherwise inaccessible repressed or unconscious memories and features of the psyche and control of physiology not attainable in the ordinary conscious waking state. Medical uses of hypnosis in dermatology include reducing discomfort from itching or skin pain, altering ingrained dysfunctional habits such as scratching, promoting healing of skin disorders, searching for psychosomatic aspects of skin disorders and alleviating them, and reframing cognitive and emotional dysfunctional patterns related to skin disorders...
May 2017: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511822/posttraumatic-stress-disorder-ptsd-and-the-dermatology-patient
#10
Madhulika A Gupta, Patricia Jarosz, Aditya K Gupta
Dermatologic symptoms can be associated with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in several situations: (1) as features of some core PTSD symptoms, such as intrusion symptoms manifesting as cutaneous sensory flashbacks, as autonomic arousal manifesting as night sweats and idiopathic urticaria, and as dissociation manifesting as numbness and dermatitis artefacta; (2) the cutaneous psychosomatic effects of emotional and physical neglect and sexual abuse (eg, infantile eczema, cutaneous self-injury, and body-focused repetitive behaviors such as trichotillomania and skin picking disorder) and eating disorders, which can have dermatologic effects; (3) the direct effect of physical or sexual abuse or catastrophic life events (eg, earthquakes) on the skin; and (4) as a result of significant alterations in hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal and sympatho-adrenal medullary axes, which can affect neuroendocrine and immune functions, and can lead to exacerbations of stress-reactive inflammatory dermatoses such as psoriasis, chronic urticaria, and atopic dermatitis...
May 2017: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511258/management-of-autonomic-dysfunction-in-parkinson-s-disease
#11
Ronald F Pfeiffer
Autonomic dysfunction is a frequent and important nonmotor feature of Parkinson's disease (PD). Autonomic dysfunction in PD spans a broad clinical spectrum. Cardiovascular dysfunction is characterized most prominently by orthostatic hypotension. Gastrointestinal dysfunction can involve virtually all levels of the gastrointestinal tract. Urinary dysfunction can entail either too frequent voiding or difficulty voiding. Sexual dysfunction is frequent and frustrating for both the patient and the partner. Alterations in sweating and body temperature are not widely recognized, but often are present...
April 2017: Seminars in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510329/isolation-of-stem-cells-and-progenitors-from-mouse-epidermis
#12
Lana Kostic, Egor Sedov, Despina Soteriou, Yahav Yosefzon, Yaron Fuchs
The epidermis consists of several distinct compartments including the interfollicular epidermis (IFE), sweat glands, sebaceous glands (SGs), and the hair follicle (HF). While the IFE and SGs are in a constant state of self-renewal, the HF cycles between phases of growth, destruction, and rest. The hair follicle stem cells (HFSCs) that fuel this perpetual cycle have been well described and are located in a niche termed the bulge. These bulge SCs express markers such as CD34 and Keratin 15 (K15), enabling the isolation of these cells...
May 16, 2017: Current Protocols in Stem Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508710/transported-biofilms-and-their-influence-on-subsequent-macrofouling-colonization
#13
L Holly Sweat, Geoffrey W Swain, Kelli Z Hunsucker, Kevin B Johnson
Biofilm organisms such as diatoms are potential regulators of global macrofouling dispersal because they ubiquitously colonize submerged surfaces, resist antifouling efforts and frequently alter larval recruitment. Although ships continually deliver biofilms to foreign ports, it is unclear how transport shapes biofilm microbial structure and subsequent macrofouling colonization. This study demonstrates that different ship hull coatings and transport methods change diatom assemblage composition in transported coastal marine biofilms...
May 2017: Biofouling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508627/fabrication-of-ag-cu2o-reduced-graphene-oxide-nanocomposites-as-sers-substrates-for-in-situ-monitoring-of-peroxidase-like-catalytic-reaction-and-biosensing
#14
Yue Guo, Hai Wang, Xiaowei Ma, Jing Jin, Wei Ji, Xu Wang, Wei Song, Bing Zhao, Chengyan He
Highly sensitive biosensors are essential in medical diagnostics, especially for monitoring the state of an individual's disease. An ideal way to achieve this objective is to analyze human sweat secretions by non-invasive monitoring. Due to low concentrations of target analytes in human secretions, fabrication of ultra-sensitive detection devices is a great challenge. In this work, Ag-Cu2O/reduced graphene oxide (rGO) nanocomposites are prepared by a facile two-step in situ reduction procedure at room temperature...
May 16, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508338/fluid-balance-in-team-sport-athletes-and-the-effect-of-hypohydration-on-cognitive-technical-and-physical-performance
#15
REVIEW
Ryan P Nuccio, Kelly A Barnes, James M Carter, Lindsay B Baker
Sweat losses in team sports can be significant due to repeated bursts of high-intensity activity, as well as the large body size of athletes, equipment and uniform requirements, and environmental heat stress often present during training and competition. In this paper we aimed to: (1) describe sweat losses and fluid balance changes reported in team sport athletes, (2) review the literature assessing the impact of hypohydration on cognitive, technical, and physical performance in sports-specific studies, (3) briefly review the potential mechanisms by which hypohydration may impact team sport performance, and (4) discuss considerations for future directions...
May 15, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506659/comparison-of-density-and-output-of-sweat-gland-in-tropical-africans-and-temperate-koreans
#16
JeongBeom Lee, YoungOh Shin
Modification of sweating could be due to changes in activated sweat gland density (ASGD) and/or activated sweat gland output (ASGO). The present study determined regional and inter-ethnic differences in ASGD and ASGO during passive heating between tropical natives (African, n=22) and temperate natives (Republic of Korean, n=25). Heat load was carried out by immersing the half body into a hot water bath for 30min. Tympanic temperature (Tty) and skin temperature (Ts) were measured. Mean body temperature (mTb) was calculated...
May 8, 2017: Autonomic Neuroscience: Basic & Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503344/adnexal-tumors-of-skin-an-experience-at-a-tertiary-care-center-at-delhi
#17
M Pujani, G B Madaan, Z S Jairajpuri, S Jetley, M J Hassan, S Khan
BACKGROUND: Adnexal skin tumors are a heterogeneous group of uncommon tumors usually misdiagnosed clinically due to a huge variety of types and their variants. Histopathology usually helps in establishing the diagnosis. AIMS: The study was undertaken to analyze the morphological, clinical, and histological features of adnexal tumors (ATs) of the skin at our center over a period of 4 years. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: retrospective study was conducted over a period of 4 years (April 2010-March 2014), comprising 25 ATs of skin diagnosed in the Department of Pathology, Hamdard Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Jamia Hamdard, New Delhi...
September 2016: Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502975/an-unusual-presentation-of-acute-fibrinous-and-organizing-pneumonia
#18
Rami Jabbour, Hanesh Kumar, Shaheen Alvi, Varalaxmi Bhavani Nannaka, Masooma Niazi, Madanmohan Patel, Sridhar Chilimuri
BACKGROUND Acute fibrinous and organizing pneumonia (AFOP) is a newly evolving rare non-infectious lung pathology, characterized by intra-alveolar fibrin balls on histology. It is often difficult to diagnose and is usually mistaken for other lung pathologies. We present an interesting case of AFOP with unusual radiologic findings and disease course. CASE REPORT A 56-year-old woman presented with a 1-day history of high-grade fever, chills, and profuse sweating. She was febrile to 101.2 degree Fahrenheit on presentation...
May 15, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501996/application-of-hydrogel-nanoparticles-for-the-capture-concentration-and-preservation-of-low-abundance-biomarkers
#19
Ruben Magni, Alessandra Luchini
In the recent years, a lot of emphasis has been placed on the discovery and detection of clinically relevant biomarkers. Biomarkers are crucial for the early detection of several diseases, and they play an important role in the improvement of current treatments, thus reducing patient mortality rate. Because biofluids account to 60% of the body mass, they represent a goldmine of significant biomarkers. Unfortunately, because of their low concentration in body fluids, their lability, and the presence of high abundance proteins (i...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501160/bioaffinity-based-assay-for-the-sensitive-detection-and-discrimination-of-sweat-aimed-at-forensic-applications
#20
Crystal Huynh, Erica Brunelle, Juliana Agudelo, Jan Halámek
Sweat is a well-known piece of biological evidence that is actually used much less than expected. Biological samples are important because their components can often provide some type of information about a person-of-interest. Sweat, in particular, is important because of its DNA content which can be extracted and analyzed to provide information that can be imperative to a criminal investigation. While it is a very important source of forensic information, the methods for detection and discrimination of sweat are limited, causing it to be overlooked during evidence collection...
August 1, 2017: Talanta
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