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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541067/vocational-rehabilitation-for-veterans-with-felony-histories-and-mental-illness-12-month-outcomes
#1
James P LePage, Avery A Lewis, April M Crawford, Edward L Washington, Julie A Parish-Johnson, Daisha J Cipher, Ledjona D Bradshaw
Lack of employment is an important barrier to successful reintegration encountered by those released from prison with mental illnesses and/or substance use disorders. This study compares 3 different vocational reintegration modalities for a veteran population: (a) basic services; (b) self-study using the About Face Vocational Manual; and (c) the About Face Vocational Program, a standardized group program focused on the About Face Vocational Manual. One-hundred eleven veterans with a history of at least one felony conviction and a mental illness and/or substance use disorder were recruited from a large urban Veterans Affairs (VA) medical center...
May 25, 2017: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540621/universal-brca1-brca2-testing-for-ovarian-cancer-patients-is-welcomed-but-with-care-how-women-and-staff-contextualize-experiences-of-expanded-access
#2
Hannah Shipman, Samantha Flynn, Carey F MacDonald-Smith, James Brenton, Robin Crawford, Marc Tischkowitz, Nicholas J Hulbert-Williams
Decreasing costs of genetic testing and advances in treatment for women with cancer with germline BRCA1/BRCA2 mutations have heralded more inclusive genetic testing programs. The Genetic Testing in Epithelial Ovarian Cancer (GTEOC) Study, investigates the feasibility and acceptability of offering genetic testing to all women recently diagnosed with epithelial ovarian cancer (universal genetic testing or UGT). Study participants and staff were interviewed to: (i) assess the impact of UGT (ii) integrate patients' and staff perspectives in the development of new UGT programs...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Genetic Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540105/spouses-perspective-of-their-participation-and-role-in-childbirth-pain-relief
#3
A U Emelonye, T Pitkäaho, A Aregbesola, K Vehviläinen-Julkunen
BACKGROUND: Childbirth is a period characterized by severe pain, and most women desire to ameliorate their pain among other things by having their spouses present and involved in the birthing process. In developing countries like Nigeria, spousal involvement is still an emerging concept in childbirth. AIM: To investigate and provide an insight into spousal perceptions toward their participation and role in labor pain relief during childbirth in Nigeria. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional descriptive study of 142 spouses was conducted in the maternity units of four hospitals in Abuja, Nigeria, from June to December 2014...
November 2016: Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532941/cataract-surgery-practices-in-the-united-states-veterans-health-administration
#4
Annika G Havnaer, Paul B Greenberg, Glenn C Cockerham, Melissa A Clark, Amy Chomsky
PURPOSE: To describe current cataract surgery practices within the United States Veterans Health Administration (VHA). SETTING: Veterans Health Administration hospitals in the U.S. DESIGN: Retrospective data analysis. METHODS: An initial e-mail containing a link to an anonymous 32-question survey of cataract surgery practices was sent to participants in May 2016. Two reminder e-mails were sent to nonresponders 1 week and 2 weeks after the initial survey was sent; the remaining nonresponders were called twice over a 2-week period...
April 2017: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532805/efficacy-of-disinfectants-and-detergents-intended-for-a-pig-farm-environment-where-salmonella-is-present
#5
Rebecca J Gosling, Ian Mawhinney, Kelly Vaughan, Robert H Davies, Richard P Smith
Disinfection is a useful component of disease control, although products and chemical groups vary in their activity against different pathogens. This study investigated the ability of fifteen disinfectants to eliminate pig-associated Salmonella. Active compounds of products included chlorocresol, glutaraldehyde/formaldehyde, glutaraldehyde/quaternary ammonium compounds (QAC), iodine, peracetic acid and potassium peroxomonosulphate. Six detergents were also tested for their ability to dislodge faecal material, and interactions with specific disinfectants...
May 2017: Veterinary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531653/characteristics-needs-and-experiences-of-u-s-veterans-on-a-specialized-prison-unit
#6
Jack Tsai, Elizabeth Goggin
The Veterans Service Unit (VSU) in Connecticut is one of several all-veterans prison units that are being created throughout the United States. This study examined the characteristics, needs, and experiences of veterans on the Connecticut VSU. This study utilized data from a quality improvement survey that was completed by 87 of the 110 veterans on the Connecticut VSU (79% response rate). The majority of veterans on the VSU were white, aged 41-56, never married, and had an honorable or general military discharge making them potentially eligible for Veterans Affairs (VA) healthcare upon release...
May 17, 2017: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531289/management-of-bacteriuria-in-veterans-affairs-hospitals
#7
Emily S Spivak, Muriel Burk, Rongping Zhang, Makoto M Jones, Melinda M Neuhauser, Matthew Bidwell Goetz, Francesca E Cunningham
Background: Bacteriuria contributes to antibiotic overuse through treatment of asymptomatic bacteriuria (ASB) and long durations of therapy for symptomatic urinary tract infections (UTIs), yet large-scale evaluations of bacteriuria management among inpatients are lacking. Methods: Inpatients with bacteriuria were classified as asymptomatic or symptomatic based on established criteria applied to data collected by manual chart review. We examined frequency of treatment of ASB, factors associated with treatment of ASB, durations of therapy, and frequency of complications including Clostridium difficile infection, readmission and all-cause mortality within 28 days of discharge...
May 20, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530501/palliative-care-for-advanced-heart-failure-in-a-department-of-veterans-affairs-regional-hospice-program-patient-selection-a-treatment-protocol-and-clinical-course
#8
George J Taylor, Dorothy M Lee, Catalin F Baicu, Michael R Zile
BACKGROUND: Palliative care for advanced heart failure (HF) is generally recommended. However, few reports have focused on the particulars of treatment, or the clinical course of HF on a specific treatment regimen. OBJECTIVE: Palliation adequate to allow patients to avoid HF admission and die at home. METHODS: Patients from a veterans administration regional practice with multiple, recent hospital admissions were enrolled in community hospice programs...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530060/-the-truth-about-the-ringworm-affair
#9
REVIEW
Aya Bar Oz
Ringworm of the scalp (Tinea Capitis), a fungal skin ailment that appears on the scalp, was treated until the early sixties by radiation therapy. It was discovered during the seventies that radiation treatment for ringworm may be associated with a higher risk of cancerous and benign tumors in the head and neck area for patients undergoing treatment. In 1995, Israel enacted a law to compensate ringworm irradiation patients which provided monetary compensation for those who were treated between 1946 and 1960...
October 2016: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529300/yi-kwang-su-s-love-and-history-records-of-modern-hospital-under-the-japanese-colonial-period
#10
Byoung Hoon Lee
This article aims to evaluate and analyze the description of the modern hospital as history record, which appeared in YI Kwang Su's novel Love. This novel has mentioned in detail western style clinic, Bukgando Catholic hospital, tuberculosis sanitarium as its main space. Modern hospitals are depicted in the novel has a great significance in historical aspect as well as in literary aspect. The most data on modern hospital is laws, statistics and newspaper archives. These materials are a great help to understand the history and status of the modern hospital...
December 2016: Ŭi Sahak
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529299/a-study-on-the-jejungwon-hospital-building-in-jaedong-and-gurigae-and-uses-of-the-hospital-after-its-relocation
#11
Yeonkyung Lee
Jejungwon hospital, the first modern healthcare facility to be built in Korea, was built at Jaedong in 1885 and moved to Gurigae in 1887. Finally, it was moved to Dodong, outside the Namdaemun Gate, and its name was changed to Severance Hospital. The Jaedong Jejungwon hospital was located at a former house of HONG Youngsik, and it was expanded by renovating existing buildings and constructing new buildings in 2 years. The Gurigae Jejungwon hospital, which was located near Myeongdong Cathedral, was bigger than the Jaedong Jejungwon one and even provided residence to doctors...
December 2016: Ŭi Sahak
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529095/understanding-operator-stent-choice-in-the-catheterization-laboratory-using-a-pre-procedure-survey-opportunities-for-quality-improvement
#12
Matthew J Chung, Jonathan D Hansen, Ryan D Schulteis, Joel C Boggan, W Schuyler Jones, Thomas J Povsic, Susan Roberts, Mitchell W Krucoff, Sunil V Rao
OBJECTIVES: We sought to characterize how the perceived risk of early dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) discontinuation is incorporated into operator decision-making regarding stent choice, using a simple pre-procedure survey screening for clinical variables that may lead to early DAPT discontinuation. BACKGROUND: Understanding which factors influence operator decision-making regarding stent choice during percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) could help identify areas for quality improvement...
May 8, 2017: Cardiovascular Revascularization Medicine: Including Molecular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526550/impact-of-first-eye-versus-second-eye-cataract-surgery-on-visual-function-and-quality-of-life
#13
Nakul S Shekhawat, Michael V Stock, Elizabeth F Baze, Mary K Daly, David E Vollman, Mary G Lawrence, Amy S Chomsky
PURPOSE: To compare the impact of first eye versus second eye cataract surgery on visual function and quality of life. DESIGN: Cohort study. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 328 patients undergoing separate first eye and second eye phacoemulsification cataract surgeries at 5 veterans affairs centers in the United States. Patients with previous ocular surgery, postoperative endophthalmitis, postoperative retinal detachment, reoperation within 30 days, dementia, anxiety disorder, hearing difficulty, or history of drug abuse were excluded...
May 16, 2017: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526062/polypharmacy-in-multimorbid-older-adults-protocol-for-a-systematic-review
#14
Caroline Sirois, Marie-Laure Laroche, Line Guénette, Edeltraut Kröger, Dan Cooper, Valérie Émond
BACKGROUND: Polypharmacy, the concurrent use of multiple medications, consistently evokes a negative connotation, notably because it is associated with a plethora of adverse events. Nonetheless, the number of individuals exposed to polypharmacy is increasing steeply, especially for older people with multiple diseases. There is a need to carefully study the phenomenon at the population scale to full assess the associated health outcomes. Yet, this reveals a complex task because there exists no consensus indicator of polypharmacy...
May 19, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525633/scan-echo-for-pain-management-implementing-a-regional-telementoring-training-for-primary-care-providers
#15
Sherry Ball, Brigid Wilson, Scott Ober, Ali Mchaourab
Objective.:  The Specialty Care Access Network-Extension for Community Health Outcomes (SCAN-ECHO) is a video teleconferencing-based training program where primary care providers are trained by a specialty care team to provide specialty care. A multidisciplinary team of pain management specialists at the Cleveland Veterans Affairs Medical Center established such a program for pain management; a description and preliminary effectiveness assessment of this training program is presented...
May 19, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523951/launching-biosimilar-rituximab-an-industry-opinion-on-biosimilar-uptake-in-europe
#16
Richard Trollope, Sue Johnson, Henry Ireland
Richard Trollope and Sue Johnson talk with Henry Ireland, Senior Editor about the recent approval of biosimilar rituximab (Truxima(®)) & the current state of biosimilar uptake across Europe Richard Trollope, Head of Biosimilars, Mundipharma International Limited, qualified as a biochemist before joining Wyeth's commercial operations, prior to its acquisition by Pfizer. Richard later joined Yamanouchi Pharmaceuticals (now Astellas Pharma). His fascination with oncology led him to join Mundipharma in Europe and after joining the company's UK arm (Napp Pharmaceuticals Limited), Richard began his journey in biosimilars...
May 19, 2017: Immunotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523460/evaluation-of-the-effect-of-torsemide-on-warfarin-dosage-requirements
#17
Sophia Lai, Jeremiah D Momper, Felix K Yam
Background According to drug interaction databases, torsemide may potentiate the effects of warfarin. Evidence for this drug-drug interaction, however, is conflicting and the clinical significance is unknown. Objective The aim of this study is to evaluate the impact of torsemide initiation on warfarin dosage requirements. Setting This study was conducted at the Veterans Affairs Healthcare System in San Diego, California. Method A retrospective cohort study was conducted using Veterans Affairs data from patients who were converted from bumetanide to torsemide between March 2014 and July 2014...
May 18, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520674/relationship-stability-after-traumatic-brain-injury-among-veterans-and-service-members-a-va-tbi-model-systems-study
#18
Lillian Flores Stevens, Yanna Lapis, Xinyu Tang, Angelle M Sander, Laura E Dreer, Flora M Hammond, Jeffrey S Kreutzer, Therese M OʼNeil-Pirozzi, Risa Nakase-Richardson
OBJECTIVE: To explore stability of relationships and predictors of change in relationship status 2 years following TBI/polytrauma. SETTING: Five Department of Veterans Affairs Polytrauma Rehabilitation Centers (VA PRCs). PARTICIPANTS: A total of 357 active duty service members and Veterans enrolled in the Veterans Affairs Polytrauma Rehabilitation Centers Traumatic Brain Injury Model Systems database with complete marital status information at 2 years postinjury...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520659/predictors-of-satisfaction-with-life-in-veterans-after-traumatic-brain-injury-a-va-tbi-model-systems-study
#19
Leah R Gause, Jacob A Finn, Greg J Lamberty, Xinyu Tang, Lillian Flores Stevens, Blessen C Eapen, Risa Nakase-Richardson
OBJECTIVE: To identify predictors of satisfaction with life in Veterans 1 year after traumatic brain injury (TBI). SETTING: The VA TBI Model Systems (TBIMS) project includes 5 Veterans Affairs (VA) Polytrauma Rehabilitation Centers. PARTICIPANTS: Veterans enrolled in the VA TBIMS study who completed the Satisfaction With Life Scale at year 1 follow-up. The sample is largely male (96%) and Caucasian (72%), with a median age of 27 years upon enrollment...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28517950/gender-differences-in-service-utilization-among-operations-enduring-freedom-iraqi-freedom-and-new-dawn-veterans-affairs-patients-with-severe-mental-illness-and-substance-use-disorders
#20
Janelle M Painter, Emily Brignone, Amanda K Gilmore, Keren Lehavot, Jamison Fargo, Ying Suo, Tracy Simpson, Marjorie E Carter, Rebecca K Blais, Adi V Gundlapalli
Severe mental illness (SMI) and substance use disorders (SUD) are among the more chronic and costly mental health conditions treated in the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA). Service use patterns of returning veterans with SMI and SUD have received little attention. We examined gender differences in the utilization of VA services among a national sample of Operations Enduring Freedom, Iraqi Freedom, and New Dawn (OEF/OIF/OND) VA patients with SMI, SUD, and their comorbidity (SMI/SUD) in their first year of established VA care (N = 24,166)...
May 18, 2017: Psychological Services
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