keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Infidelity

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761484/inbreeding-inbreeding-depression-and-infidelity-in-a-cooperatively-breeding-bird
#1
Gabriela K Hajduk, Andrew Cockburn, Nicolas Margraf, Helen L Osmond, Craig A Walling, Loeske E B Kruuk
Inbreeding depression plays a major role in shaping mating systems: in particular, inbreeding avoidance is often proposed as a mechanism explaining extra-pair reproduction in socially-monogamous species. This suggestion relies on assumptions which are rarely comprehensively tested: that inbreeding depression is present, that higher kinship between social partners increases infidelity, and that infidelity reduces the frequency of inbreeding. Here, we test these assumptions using 26 years of data for a cooperatively-breeding, socially-monogamous bird with high female infidelity, the superb fairy-wren (Malurus cyaneus)...
May 15, 2018: Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679048/disruption-of-hox9-10-11-function-results-in-cellular-level-lineage-infidelity-in-the-kidney
#2
Keri A Drake, Mike Adam, Robert Mahoney, S Steven Potter
Hox genes are important regulators of development. The 39 mammalian Hox genes have considerable functional overlap, greatly confounding their study. In this report, we generated mice with multiple combinations of paralogous and flanking Abd-B Hox gene mutations to investigate functional redundancies in kidney development. The resulting mice developed a number of kidney abnormalities, including hypoplasia, agenesis, and severe cysts, with distinct Hox functions observed in early metanephric kidney formation and nephron progenitor maintenance...
April 20, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663465/a-contextual-perspective-on-associations-between-reported-parental-infidelity-and-relational-ethics-of-the-adult-children
#3
Codina Kawar, Jennifer Coppola, Rashmi Gangamma
This study's aim was to apply a Contextual theory lens on exploring whether knowledge of parental infidelity affects the Relational Ethics (RE) of adult children. The Relational Ethics Scale (RES) was used to capture horizontal (partner) and vertical (family of origin) relational ethics in a clinical sample of 195 participants. A repeated measures ANOVA tested the differences in RES scores among the participants who reported knowledge of parental infidelity and the participants who did not. Results showed that knowledge of parental infidelity is significantly associated with lower scores on the RES, which indicates problematic relationships, both in partners and with family of origin...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Marital and Family Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649023/helping-a-child-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-cope-with-divorce
#4
Marie Reilly, Jason Fogler, Carolyn Bridgemohan, Melora Wiley, Carol Weitzman, Marilyn Augustyn
Aaron is an 11-year-old boy with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), with cognitive and language skills in the above-average range, whose parents have recently separated. Aaron's mother initiated the separation when she learned that Aaron's father had maintained a relationship with a woman with whom he has a 10-year-old daughter. When Aaron's mother discovered this relationship, she demanded that Aaron's father leave their home.Aaron's father has moved in with his long-term girlfriend and keeps in contact with Aaron by calling once a day...
May 2018: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648965/influence-of-the-perceived-infidelity-of-online-sexual-activities-osas-on-osa-experiences-among-chinese-heterosexual-individuals-in-committed-relationships
#5
Diandian Li, Lijun Zheng
Previous studies have revealed that many individuals in settled relationships engage in online sexual activities (OSAs). Considering this, this study examined the influence the perceived infidelity of OSA has on the OSA experiences of individuals in such committed relationships. OSAs involve viewing sexually explicit material, seeking sexual partners, cybersex, and flirting. Taking these specific activities, we measured perceived infidelity concerning OSAs by asking our participants (N = 301) to select either "yes" or "no" in regard to whether they believed each constituted an infidelity...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596840/reduced-abd-b-hox-function-during-kidney-development-results-in-lineage-infidelity
#6
Bliss Magella, Robert Mahoney, Mike Adam, S Steven Potter
Hox genes can function as key drivers of segment identity, with Hox mutations in Drosophila often resulting in dramatic homeotic transformations. In addition, however, they can serve other essential functions. In mammals, the study of Hox gene roles in development is complicated by the presence of four Hox clusters with a total of 39 genes showing extensive functional overlap. In this study, in order to better understand shared core Hox functions, we examined kidney development in mice with frameshift mutations of multiple Abd-B type Hox genes...
March 26, 2018: Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29592639/sexual-and-emotional-infidelity-evolved-gender-differences-in-jealousy-prove-robust-and-replicable
#7
David M Buss
Infidelity poses threats to high-investment mating relationships. Because of gender differences in some aspects of reproductive biology, such as internal female fertilization, the nature of these threats differs for men and women. Men, but not women, for example, have recurrently faced the problem of uncertainty in their genetic parenthood. Jealousy is an emotion hypothesized to have evolved to combat these threats. The 1992 article Sex Differences in Jealousy: Evolution, Physiology, and Psychology reported three empirical studies using two different methods, forced-choice and physiological experiments...
March 2018: Perspectives on Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29563893/delusional-jealousy-othello-syndrome-in-67-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease
#8
REVIEW
Hiroshi Kataoka, Kazuma Sugie
Othello syndrome (OS) is a type of paranoid delusional jealousy, characterized by the false absolute certainty of the infidelity of a partner. Because OS has infrequently occurred in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD), the characteristics of OS in PD remain unclear. We reviewed the clinical characteristics of this syndrome in PD. We reviewed 67 patients who had PD with OS. OS was more common in men (45 patients) than in women (22 patients), and it frequently occurred in middle-aged patients. Until the onset of OS, the duration of PD (range, 2-19...
2018: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562819/legitimizing-intimate-partner-violence-moral-evaluations-attribution-of-responsibility-and-reduced-helping-intentions
#9
Stefano Pagliaro, Maria Giuseppina Pacilli, Valeria Amata Giannella, Ilaria Giovannelli, Federica Spaccatini, Anna Costanza Baldry
This article examines the influence of moral evaluations and attribution of responsibility on individuals' willingness to provide help if witnessing an intimate partner violence (IPV) episode. A total of 121 undergraduates read a fictitious article from a newspaper, allegedly describing an IPV episode. According to the experimental condition, participants read that the victim had either admitted infidelity or denied it. After reading the newspaper article, participants evaluated the victim on several dimensions (i...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554107/antenatal-depressive-symptoms-in-jamaica-associated-with-limited-perceived-partner-and-other-social-support-a-cross-sectional-study
#10
Omotayo Bernard, Roger C Gibson, Affette McCaw-Binns, Jody Reece, Charlene Coore-Desai, Sydonnie Shakespeare-Pellington, Maureen Samms-Vaughan
BACKGROUND: Antenatal depression is associated with adverse maternal and infant well-being. However, compared to postpartum depression, it has been less frequently explored globally or in Jamaica. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of, and factors associated with, antenatal depressive symptoms among Jamaican women in order to inform policy and build interventions that could improve their management and reduce their negative consequences. METHODS: This secondary analysis of data from the second Jamaican Birth Cohort Study (JA-Kids Birth Cohort) included 3,517 women enrolled during pregnancy...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547303/exponentially-enhanced-light-matter-interaction-cooperativities-and-steady-state-entanglement-using-parametric-amplification
#11
Wei Qin, Adam Miranowicz, Peng-Bo Li, Xin-You Lü, J Q You, Franco Nori
We propose an experimentally feasible method for enhancing the atom-field coupling as well as the ratio between this coupling and dissipation (i.e., cooperativity) in an optical cavity. It exploits optical parametric amplification to exponentially enhance the atom-cavity interaction and, hence, the cooperativity of the system, with the squeezing-induced noise being completely eliminated. Consequently, the atom-cavity system can be driven from the weak-coupling regime to the strong-coupling regime for modest squeezing parameters, and even can achieve an effective cooperativity much larger than 100...
March 2, 2018: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29545933/endogenous-chrna7-ligand-slurp1-as-a-potential-tumor-suppressor-and-anti-nicotinic-factor-in-pancreatic-cancer
#12
Verena M Throm, David Männle, Thomas Giese, Andrea S Bauer, Matthias M Gaida, Juergen Kopitz, Thomas Bruckner, Konstanze Plaschke, Svetlana P Grekova, Klaus Felix, Thilo Hackert, Nathalia A Giese, Oliver Strobel
Smoking is associated with increased risk and poorer prognosis of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). Nicotine acts through cholinergic nicotinic receptors, preferentially α7 (CHRNA7) that also binds the endogenous ligand SLURP1 (Secreted Ly-6/uPAR-Related Protein 1). The clinical significance of SLURP1 and its interaction with nicotine in PDAC are unclear. We detected similar levels of SLURP1 in sera from healthy donors and patients with chronic pancreatitis or PDAC; higher preoperative values were associated with significantly better survival in patients with resected tumors...
February 20, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29540453/emergency-services-of-viral-rnas-repair-and-remodeling
#13
REVIEW
Vadim I Agol, Anatoly P Gmyl
Reproduction of RNA viruses is typically error-prone due to the infidelity of their replicative machinery and the usual lack of proofreading mechanisms. The error rates may be close to those that kill the virus. Consequently, populations of RNA viruses are represented by heterogeneous sets of genomes with various levels of fitness. This is especially consequential when viruses encounter various bottlenecks and new infections are initiated by a single or few deviating genomes. Nevertheless, RNA viruses are able to maintain their identity by conservation of major functional elements...
June 2018: Microbiology and Molecular Biology Reviews: MMBR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29503216/the-avpr1a-gene-and-its-single-nucleotide-polymorphism-rs10877969-a-literature-review-of-associations-with-health-conditions-and-pain
#14
REVIEW
Keesha L Roach, Patricia E Hershberger, Julienne N Rutherford, Robert E Molokie, Zaijie Jim Wang, Diana J Wilkie
Pain is the quintessential symptom for individuals suffering from sickle cell disease (SCD). Although the degree of suffering and the cost of treatment are staggering, SCD continues to be grossly understudied, including a lack of data for pain-related genes and prevalence of polymorphisms in this population. This lack of data adds to the inadequacy of pain therapy in this population. Pain genetics investigators have recently examined allele frequencies of single-nucleotide polymorphisms from candidate genes in people who have SCD...
March 1, 2018: Pain Management Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of Pain Management Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29501985/sociocultural-barriers-to-maternity-services-delivery-a-qualitative-meta-synthesis-of-the-literature
#15
REVIEW
J Sumankuuro, J Crockett, S Wang
OBJECTIVES: Maternal and neonatal healthcare outcomes in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) remain poor despite decades of different health service delivery interventions and stakeholder investments. Qualitative studies have attributed these results, at least in part, to sociocultural beliefs and practices. Thus there is a need to understand, from an overarching perspective, how these sociocultural beliefs affect maternal and neonatal health (MNH) outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: A qualitative meta-synthesis of primary studies on cultural beliefs and practices associated with maternal and neonatal health care was carried out, incorporating research conducted in any country within SSA, using data from men, women and health professionals gathered through focus group discussions, structured and semistructured interviews...
April 2018: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29478337/do-men-produce-higher-quality-ejaculates-when-primed-with-thoughts-of-partner-infidelity
#16
Michael N Pham, Nicole Barbaro, Andrew M Holub, Christopher J Holden, Justin K Mogilski, Guilherme S Lopes, Sylis C A Nicolas, Yael Sela, Todd K Shackelford, Virgil Zeigler-Hill, Lisa L M Welling
Sperm competition theory can be used to generate the hypothesis that men alter the quality of their ejaculates as a function of sperm competition risk. Using a repeated measures experimental design, we investigated whether men produce a higher quality ejaculate when primed with cues to sperm competition (i.e., imagined partner infidelity) relative to a control prime. Men ( n = 45) submitted two masturbatory ejaculates-one ejaculate sample for each condition (i.e., sperm competition and control conditions). Ejaculates were assessed on 17 clinical parameters...
January 2018: Evolutionary Psychology: An International Journal of Evolutionary Approaches to Psychology and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431460/attentional-and-evaluative-biases-help-people-maintain-relationships-by-avoiding-infidelity
#17
James K McNulty, Andrea L Meltzer, Anastasia Makhanova, Jon K Maner
Two longitudinal studies of 233 newlywed couples suggest that automatic attentional and evaluative biases regarding attractive relationship alternatives can help people maintain relationships by avoiding infidelity. Both studies assessed participants' tendency to automatically disengage attention from photos of attractive, opposite sex individuals; one study assessed participants' tendency to devalue those individuals by comparing their attractiveness evaluations to evaluations made by single people, and both studies assessed infidelity and relationship status multiple times for approximately three years...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411227/discordance-disclosure-and-normative-gender-roles-barriers-to-couple-testing-within-a-community-level-hiv-self-testing-intervention-in-urban-blantyre-malawi
#18
Moses Kelly Kumwenda, Elizabeth Lucy Corbett, Jeremiah Chikovore, Mackwellings Phiri, Daniel Mwale, Augustine Talumba Choko, Marriot Nliwasa, Rodrick Sambakunsi, Miriam Taegtmeyer, Tore Jarl Gutteberg, Alister Munthali, Nicola Desmond
A community-based HIV self-testing study in Blantyre, Malawi demonstrated that not all individuals living in couples tested with their partner. We describe factors dissuading individuals in couples from self-testing with their partner. Data were drawn from qualitative study exploring consequences of HIV self-testing within couples. In-depth interviews were conducted with 33 individuals living in couples who tested alone. Participants expressed fear of dealing with HIV-discordant relationships. Failure to self-test with a partner was correlated with gender, with more men than women overtly declining or unconsciously unable to have joint HIV self-test...
February 6, 2018: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29392485/is-viewing-sexually-explicit-material-cheating-on-your-partner-a-comparison-between-the-united-states-and-spain
#19
Charles Negy, Diego Plaza, Abilio Reig-Ferrer, Maria Dolores Fernandez-Pascual
This cross-sectional study examined whether university students from the U.S. (n = 392) and Spain (n = 200) considered the viewing of sexually explicit material (SEM) to be tantamount to committing infidelity. Participants' ages ranged from 18 to 36 (U.S. sample) and 18 to 35 (Spain sample), respectively. At both universities, the study was made available to students via a computer program that allows recruitment and completion of the questionnaires online. It was found that the majority of U.S. and Spanish participants (73 and 77%, respectively) indicated that they did not consider viewing SEM as an act of infidelity...
April 2018: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352080/functional-analysis-of-cancer-associated-dna-polymerase-%C3%AE%C2%B5-variants-in-saccharomyces-cerevisiae
#20
Stephanie R Barbari, Daniel P Kane, Elizabeth A Moore, Polina V Shcherbakova
DNA replication fidelity relies on base selectivity of the replicative DNA polymerases, exonucleolytic proofreading, and postreplicative DNA mismatch repair (MMR). Ultramutated human cancers without MMR defects carry alterations in the exonuclease domain of DNA polymerase ε (Polε). They have been hypothesized to result from defective proofreading. However, modeling of the most common variant, Polε-P286R, in yeast produced an unexpectedly strong mutator effect that exceeded the effect of proofreading deficiency by two orders of magnitude and indicated the involvement of other infidelity factors...
March 2, 2018: G3: Genes—Genomes—Genetics
keyword
keyword
46812
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"