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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715233/betrayals-in-emerging-adulthood-a-developmental-perspective-of-infidelity
#1
Jerika C Norona, Spencer B Olmstead, Deborah P Welsh
Infidelity is associated with considerable distress and discord in dating relationships. The current mixed methods study examined both the written narratives and survey responses of 104 (59.6% women) emerging adults to investigate reasons for engaging in infidelity (i.e., sexual and emotional infidelity). Emerging adults' reasons for engaging in infidelity were attributed primarily to their primary relationships and/or their romantic partners not fulfilling their needs for interdependence and thus feeling motivated to fulfill these needs elsewhere...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670980/black-pastors-views-on-preaching-about-sex-barriers-facilitators-and-opportunities-for-hiv-prevention-messaging
#2
Adaora A Adimora, Moses V Goldmon, Tamera Coyne-Beasley, Catalina B Ramirez, Gilbert A Thompson, Danny Ellis, Joe L Stevenson, Jerry M Williams, Daniel L Howard, Paul A Godley
OBJECTIVES: Despite the disproportionately high rates of heterosexually transmitted HIV infection among US Blacks and ongoing need for effective inexpensive behavioral interventions, the use of sermons as an HIV prevention tool in Black churches has received little research attention. The Black church plays an important role in Black communities and is a potential ally in development and delivery of sexual risk prevention messages. The objective of this study was to examine Black pastors' thoughts about whether sermons should address issues related to heterosexual relationships - and the barriers and facilitators to discussing these topics in a sermon setting...
July 1, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656925/family-planning-practices-of-rural-community-dwellers-in-cross-river-state-nigeria
#3
A J Etokidem, W Ndifon, J Etowa, E F Asuquo
BACKGROUND: Nigeria is the most populous nation in Africa and the seventh most populous in the world. Despite a high fertility rate of 5.5 per woman and a high population growth rate of 3.2%, Nigeria's contraceptive prevalence is 15%, which is one of the lowest in the world. The objective of this study was to determine the knowledge of family planning and family planning preferences and practices of rural community women in Cross River State of Nigeria. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study involving 291 rural women...
June 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627261/maternal-psychological-distress-and-perceived-impact-on-child-feeding-practices-in-south-kivu-dr-congo
#4
Jillian A Emerson, Wietse Tol, Laura E Caulfield, Shannon Doocy
BACKGROUND: Maternal mental health problems are associated with poor child growth and suboptimal child feeding practices, yet little qualitative research has been conducted to understand mothers' perceptions about how maternal mental ill health and child nutrition are related. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to understand maternal perceptions on sources of psychological distress, and how distress impacts functioning, especially related to childcare and feeding practices among mothers of young children in South Kivu, DR Congo...
January 1, 2017: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605271/partner-knowledge-and-involvement-in-adult-baby-diaper-lover-behavior
#5
Brian D Zamboni
Reported partner knowledge of and involvement in Adult Baby/Diaper Lover (ABDL) behavior were examined based on responses from 1,795 male and 139 female members of the ABDL community. Individuals in a relationship often divulge their ABDL interests early in dating. Some partners may have tried ABDL activity initially, but most are not involved. Involved nonpartners may be sanctioned ABDL friends. Nonpartners are usually not involved in ABDL practices because it is viewed as infidelity. Individuals who have never been in a relationship may be working to reconcile their ABDL interests with building a romantic relationship...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580806/your-cheatin-voice-will-tell-on-you-detection-of-past-infidelity-from-voice
#6
Susan M Hughes, Marissa A Harrison
Evidence suggests that many physical, behavioral, and trait qualities can be detected solely from the sound of a person's voice, irrespective of the semantic information conveyed through speech. This study examined whether raters could accurately assess the likelihood that a person has cheated on committed, romantic partners simply by hearing the speaker's voice. Independent raters heard voice samples of individuals who self-reported that they either cheated or had never cheated on their romantic partners. To control for aspects that may clue a listener to the speaker's mate value, we used voice samples that did not differ between these groups for voice attractiveness, age, voice pitch, and other acoustic measures...
April 2017: Evolutionary Psychology: An International Journal of Evolutionary Approaches to Psychology and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551773/should-physicians-tell-the-truth-without-taking-social-complications-into-account-a-striking-case
#7
Ercan Avci
The principle of respect for autonomy requires informing patients adequately and appropriately about diagnoses, treatments, and prognoses. However, some clinical cases may cause ethical dilemmas regarding telling the truth. Under the existence especially of certain cultural, social, and religious circumstances, disclosing all the relevant information to all pertinent parties might create harmful effects. Even though the virtue of telling the truth is unquestionable, sometimes de facto conditions compel physicians to act paternalistically to protect the patient/patients from imminent dangers...
May 27, 2017: Medicine, Health Care, and Philosophy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508300/the-symbolic-nature-of-trust-in-heterosexual-adolescent-romantic-relationships
#8
Jerika C Norona, Deborah P Welsh, Spencer B Olmstead, Chloe F Bliton
Trust contributes to young people's capacity for sustaining current and future successful relationships. To date, research has yet to examine the meaning of trust in early dating relationships and reasons for its deterioration. The present study focused on video-recorded conversations about trust between 34 heterosexual adolescent couples in dating relationships living in the U.S. Transcripts from these conversations were qualitatively analyzed using thematic analysis to identify adolescents' meanings of trust and reasons they provided for a lack of trust in their romantic partners...
May 15, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504934/vision-based-surgical-field-defogging
#9
Xiongbiao Luo, A McLeod, Stephen Pautler, Christopher Schlachta, Terry Peters
Fogged surgical field visualization that is a common and potentially harmful problem can lead to inappropriate device use and incorrectly targeted tissue and increase surgical risks in endoscopic surgery. This work aims to remove fog or smoke on endoscopic video sequences to augment and maintain a direct and clear visualization of the operating field. A new visibilitydriven fusion defogging framework is proposed for surgical endoscopic video processing. This framework first recovers the visibility and enhances the contrast of hazy images...
May 11, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475887/don-t-stop-re-healin-cancer-as-an-ongoing-stem-cell-affair
#10
Samuel P Rowbotham, Carla F Kim
Tumors have long been suspected of hijacking stem cell mechanisms used for tissue maintenance and repair. Ge et al. now show that skin tumors exhibit merged chromatin profiles from distinct stem cell lineages. This "lineage infidelity" recreates a state akin to transient wound repair that persists to maintain uncontrolled growth.
May 4, 2017: Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472504/exploring-background-mutational-processes-to-decipher-cancer-genetic-heterogeneity
#11
Alexander Goncearenco, Stephanie L Rager, Minghui Li, Qing-Xiang Sang, Igor B Rogozin, Anna R Panchenko
Much remains unknown about the progression and heterogeneity of mutational processes in different cancers and their diagnostic and clinical potential. A growing body of evidence supports mutation rate dependence on the local DNA sequence context for various types of mutations. We propose several tools for the analysis of cancer context-dependent mutations, which are implemented in an online computational framework MutaGene. The framework explores DNA context-dependent mutational patterns and underlying somatic cancer mutagenesis, analyzes mutational profiles of cancer samples, identifies the combinations of underlying mutagenic processes including those related to infidelity of DNA replication and repair machinery, and various other endogenous and exogenous mutagenic factors...
May 4, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464318/examination-of-phox2b-in-adult-neuroendocrine-neoplasms-reveals-relatively-frequent-expression-in-phaeochromocytomas-and-paragangliomas
#12
John P Lee, Yin P Hung, Thomas M O'Dorisio, James R Howe, Jason L Hornick, Andrew M Bellizzi
AIMS: Paired-like homeobox 2b (PHOX2B) is a transcription factor with expression outside of the central nervous system restricted to neurons and chromaffin cells of the autonomic nervous system. Germline mutations cause congenital central hypoventilation syndrome and predispose to neuroblastoma and Hirschsprung disease. Among paediatric small round cell tumours, PHOX2B is neuroblastoma-specific. Two studies of adult autonomic nervous system tumours (n = 62) produced conflicting results (all tumours stained in one; expression restricted to 40% of paragangliomas in the other)...
May 2, 2017: Histopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462485/investigations-of-a-reproductive-processing-advantage-in-memory
#13
Cory J Derringer, John E Scofield, Bogdan Kostic
Previous work has shown that processing words for their survival value improves memory. If this survival processing effect reflects an evolutionary adaptation in memory, processing words for their reproductive value should also improve memory. Across three experiments, participants rated words for their relevance in reproductive scenarios. In Experiment 1, participants rated adjectives (traits) for their relevance in finding a mate, evaluating a coworker, or in terms of their pleasantness. Mate processing produced better memory than pleasantness ratings, but not coworker processing...
May 1, 2017: Memory & Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439148/do-you-have-anything-to-hide-infidelity-related-behaviors-on-social-media-sites-and-marital-satisfaction
#14
Brandon T McDaniel, Michelle Drouin, Jaclyn D Cravens
Social media provides one route to behaviors that may be potentially harmful to romantic relationships, such as communicating with alternative partners, which can sometimes create relationship conflict, breakups, or divorce. Limited empirical evidence exists concerning social media infidelity-related behaviors and marital relationships. This study examined whether married/cohabiting individuals are using social media sites to engage in online infidelity-related behaviors and to what extent this related to relationship satisfaction, ambivalence, and relational attachment characteristics as reported by 338 married/cohabiting individuals from 176 families...
January 2017: Computers in Human Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434617/stem-cell-lineage-infidelity-drives-wound-repair-and-cancer
#15
Yejing Ge, Nicholas C Gomez, Rene C Adam, Maria Nikolova, Hanseul Yang, Akanksha Verma, Catherine Pei-Ju Lu, Lisa Polak, Shaopeng Yuan, Olivier Elemento, Elaine Fuchs
Tissue stem cells contribute to tissue regeneration and wound repair through cellular programs that can be hijacked by cancer cells. Here, we investigate such a phenomenon in skin, where during homeostasis, stem cells of the epidermis and hair follicle fuel their respective tissues. We find that breakdown of stem cell lineage confinement-granting privileges associated with both fates-is not only hallmark but also functional in cancer development. We show that lineage plasticity is critical in wound repair, where it operates transiently to redirect fates...
May 4, 2017: Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401945/a-study-on-fast-gates-for-large-scale-quantum-simulation-with-trapped-ions
#16
Richard L Taylor, Christopher D B Bentley, Julen S Pedernales, Lucas Lamata, Enrique Solano, André R R Carvalho, Joseph J Hope
Large-scale digital quantum simulations require thousands of fundamental entangling gates to construct the simulated dynamics. Despite success in a variety of small-scale simulations, quantum information processing platforms have hitherto failed to demonstrate the combination of precise control and scalability required to systematically outmatch classical simulators. We analyse how fast gates could enable trapped-ion quantum processors to achieve the requisite scalability to outperform classical computers without error correction...
April 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375737/fifty-states-of-self-control-a-u-s-statewide-examination-of-the-initiation-and-inhibition-dimensions-of-self-regulation
#17
Matthew Findley, Ryan Brown
Individual differences in self-control have been shown to reflect two underlying dimensions: initiation and inhibition. We examined the possibility that degrees of self-control might likewise be modeled at a broader social level, similar to other socio-cultural differences that operate at an individual level (e.g., collectivism). To test this notion, we used a variety of mundane behaviors measured at the level of U.S. states to create inhibitory and initiatory indices of self-control at a collective level. We show that statewide levels of initiatory and inhibitory self-control, despite being correlated with one another, exhibit unique patterns of association with a wide range of outcomes, including homicide, suicide, home foreclosures, divorce, and infidelity...
February 26, 2017: Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287929/beliefs-about-sexual-activity-during-pregnancy-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#18
Meireluci Costa Ribeiro, Marco de Tubino Scanavino, Maria Luiza Sant'Ana do Amaral, Ana Lúcia de Moraes Horta, Maria Regina Torloni
The aim of this review is to present the beliefs related to sexual activity during pregnancy. We identified 13 studies (3,122 participants). The main positive beliefs about sex in pregnancy were that it makes labor easier, promotes marital harmony, prevents infidelity, and improves fetal well-being. Negative beliefs were more frequent: that sex could harm the unborn child (cause injuries, miscarriage, or fetal infection) and endanger the pregnancy or maternal health (cause membrane rupture, bleeding, preterm labor, and maternal infection)...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146328/many-places-called-home-the-adaptive-value-of-seasonal-adjustments-in-range-fidelity
#19
Alexandre Lafontaine, Pierre Drapeau, Daniel Fortin, Martin-Hugues St-Laurent
The vast majority of animal species display range fidelity, a space-use behaviour enhancing familiarity with local habitat features. While the fitness benefits of this behaviour have been demonstrated in a variety of taxa, some species or populations rather display infidelity, displacing their home range over time. Others, such as many ungulate species, show seasonal adjustments in their range fidelity to accommodate changes in the dominance of limiting factors or in the distribution of resources. Few empirical studies have explored the adaptive value of seasonal adjustments in range fidelity...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Animal Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134494/controlling-behaviours-and-technology-facilitated-abuse-perpetrated-by-men-receiving-substance-use-treatment-in-england-and-brazil-prevalence-and-risk-factors
#20
Gail Gilchrist, Martha Canfield, Polly Radcliffe, Ana Flavia Pires Lucas D'Oliveira
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Controlling behaviours are highly prevalent forms of non-physical intimate partner violence (IPV). The prevalence of perpetrating controlling behaviours and technology-facilitated abuse (TFA) was compared by men receiving substance use treatment in England (n = 223) and Brazil (n = 280). Factors associated with perpetrating these behaviours towards their current/most recent partner and their association with other types of IPV were explored. DESIGN AND METHODS: Secondary analysis from two cross-sectional studies was performed...
January 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
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