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marine algae

Weihua Wu, Fang Liu, Ryan W Davis
Recent studies have revealed that caryophyllene and its stereoisomers not only exhibit multiple biological activities but also have desired properties as renewable candidates for ground transportation and jet fuel applications. This study presents the first significant production of caryophyllene and caryolan-1-ol by an engineered E. coli with heterologous expression of mevalonate pathway genes with a caryophyllene synthase and a caryolan-1-ol synthase. By optimizing metabolic flux and fermentation parameters, the engineered strains yielded 449 mg/L of total terpene, including 406 mg/L sesquiterpene with 100 mg/L caryophyllene and 10 mg/L caryolan-1-ol...
June 2018: Metabolic Engineering Communications
John W Blunt, Anthony R Carroll, Brent R Copp, Rohan A Davis, Robert A Keyzers, Michèle R Prinsep
Covering: 2016. Previous review: Nat. Prod. Rep., 2017, 34, 235-294This review covers the literature published in 2016 for marine natural products (MNPs), with 757 citations (643 for the period January to December 2016) referring to compounds isolated from marine microorganisms and phytoplankton, green, brown and red algae, sponges, cnidarians, bryozoans, molluscs, tunicates, echinoderms, mangroves and other intertidal plants and microorganisms. The emphasis is on new compounds (1277 in 432 papers for 2016), together with the relevant biological activities, source organisms and country of origin...
January 16, 2018: Natural Product Reports
Hao Chen, Weijia Zhang, Xiefei Li, Yingjie Pan, Shuling Yan, Yongjie Wang
BACKGROUND: Phycodnaviruses are widespread algae-infecting large dsDNA viruses and presently contain six genera: Chlorovirus, Prasinovirus, Prymnesiovirus, Phaeovirus, Coccolithovirus and Raphidovirus. The members in Prasinovirus are identified as marine viruses due to their marine algal hosts, while prasinovirus freshwater relatives remain rarely reported. RESULTS: Here we present the complete genomic sequence of a novel phycodnavirus, Dishui Lake Phycodnavirus 1 (DSLPV1), which was assembled from Dishui Lake metagenomic datasets...
January 15, 2018: BMC Genomics
Dongyue Jiang, Seunguk Lee, Sung Woo Bae, Sung-Yong Park
With the increasing capabilities and ubiquity of smartphones and their associated digital cameras, this study presents a smartphone integrated optoelectrowetting (SiOEW) device as a simple, portable tool capable of on-chip water sample preparation and microscopic detection of the target cells in water samples, which significantly reduce the detection time and the labor cost required for water quality monitoring. A commercially available smartphone is used as a low-intensity portable light source to perform optoelectrowetting (OEW)-based microfluidic operations such as droplet transportation, merging, mixing, and immobilization on a hydrophobic detection zone...
January 15, 2018: Lab on a Chip
Takehiko Yokoyama, Masaharu Tokuda, Masafumi Amano, Koji Mikami
The presence of d-aspartate (d-Asp), a biologically rare amino acid, was evaluated in 38 species of marine macroalgae (seaweeds). Despite the ubiquitous presence of free l-Asp, free d-Asp was detected in only 5 species belonging to the Sargassaceae family of class Phaeophyceae (brown algae) but not in any species of the phyla Chlorophyta (green algae) and Rhodophyta (red algae). All other members of Phaeophyceae, including 3 species classified into the section Teretia of Sargassaceae did not contain d-Asp. These results indicate that the presence of free d-Asp in marine macroalgae is restricted only to the Sargassaceae family, excluding the species in the section Teretia...
January 15, 2018: Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry
L López-Rosales, A Sánchez-Mirón, F García-Camacho, A R Place, Yusuf Chisti, E Molina-Grima
A pilot-scale bioprocess was developed for the production of karlotoxin-enriched extracts of the marine algal dinoflagellate Karlodinium veneficum. A bubble column and a flat-panel photobioreactors (80-281 L) were used for comparative assessment of growth. Flow hydrodynamics and energy dissipation rates (EDR) in the bioreactors were characterized through robust computational fluid dynamic simulations. All cultures were conducted monoseptically outdoors. Bubble column (maximum cell productivity in semicontinuous operation of 58 × 103 cell mL-1 day-1) proved to be a better culture system for this alga...
December 30, 2017: Bioresource Technology
Haisu Shi, Xue Luo, Rina Wu, Xiqing Yue
Dunaliella salina is a unicellular green alga with a high α-linolenic acid (ALA) level, but a low eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) level. In a previous analysis of the catalytic activity of delta 6 fatty acid desaturase (FADS6) from various species, FADS6 from Thalassiosira pseudonana (TpFADS6), a marine diatom, showed the highest catalytic activity for ALA. In this study, to enhance EPA production in D. salina, FADS6 from D. salina (DsFADS6) was identified, and substrate specificities for DsFADS6 and TpFADS6 were characterized...
January 13, 2018: Microbial Cell Factories
Laura Cornara, Giulia Pastorino, Barbara Borghesi, Annalisa Salis, Marco Clericuzio, Carla Marchetti, Gianluca Damonte, Bruno Burlando
Seagrasses are high plants sharing adaptive metabolic features with both terrestrial plants and marine algae, resulting in a phytocomplex possibly endowed with interesting biological properties. The aim of this study is to evaluate the in vitro activities on skin cells of an ethanolic extract obtained from the leaves of Posidonia oceanica (L.) Delile, family Potamogetonaceae, herein named Posidonia ethanolic extract (PEE). PEE showed high radical scavenging activity, high phenolic content, and resulted rich in chicoric acid, as determined through HPLC-MS analysis...
January 10, 2018: Marine Drugs
Zhen-Zhen Shi, Sheng-Tao Fang, Feng-Ping Miao, Nai-Yun Ji
Two new tricycloalternarene-type meroterpenes, 17-O-methyltricycloalternarene D (1) and methyl nortricycloalternarate (4), and two known congeners, TCA D (2) and TCA 1b (3), were isolated from the culture of a marine red alga-epiphytic fungal strain (k21-1) of Alternaria alternata. The planar structures and relative configurations of these two new compounds were unequivocally identified by a combination of 1D/2D NMR, UV, IR, and mass spectra and by comparison with literature data, and the absolute configurations were assigned by analysis of ECD spectra...
January 9, 2018: Natural Product Research
Guang Yang, Monica A Cozad, Destin A Holland, Yi Zhang, Hendrik Luesch, Yousong Ding
Mycosporine-like amino acids (MAAs) are secondary metabolites of a variety of marine organisms including cyanobacteria and macroalgae. These compounds have strong ultraviolet (UV) absorption maxima between 310 and 362 nm and are biological sunscreens for counteracting the damaging effects of UV radiation in nature. The common MAA shinorine has been used as one key active ingredient of environmentally friendly sunscreen creams. Commercially used shinorine is isolated from one red algae that is generally harvested from the wild...
January 5, 2018: ACS Synthetic Biology
Nina A Kamennaya, Gabrielle Kennaway, Bernhard M Fuchs, Mikhail V Zubkov
The smallest algae, less than 3 μm in diameter, are the most abundant eukaryotes of the World Ocean. Their feeding on planktonic bacteria of similar size is globally important but physically enigmatic. Tiny algal cells tightly packed with the voluminous chloroplasts, nucleus, and mitochondria appear to have insufficient organelle-free space for prey internalization. Here, we present the first direct observations of how the 1.3-μm algae, which are only 1.6 times bigger in diameter than their prey, hold individual Prochlorococcus cells in their open hemispheric cytostomes...
January 5, 2018: PLoS Biology
Olga I Nedashkovskaya, Song-Gun Kim, Larissa A Balabanova, Natalia V Zhukova, Irina Y Bakunina, Valery V Mikhailov
A Gram-stain-negative, rod-shaped, motile by gliding and yellow-pigmented bacterium, designated strain 10Alg 139T, was isolated from the Pacific red alga Ahnfeltiato buchiensis. The phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that the novel strain belonged to the genus Polaribacter, a member of the family Flavobacteriaceae, the phylum Bacteroidetes, with highest sequence similarity to Polaribacter butkevichii KMM 3938T (99.3 %) and 93.3-98.6 % to other recognized Polaribacter species. The prevalent fatty acids of strain 10Alg 139T were iso-C15 : 0 3-OH, C15 : 0 3-OH, iso-C15:0, iso-C13 : 0, C15 : 0 and C15 : 1ω6c...
January 5, 2018: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Valentina Esposito, Franco Andaloro, Simonepietro Canese, Giovanni Bortoluzzi, Marzia Bo, Marcella Di Bella, Francesco Italiano, Giuseppe Sabatino, Pietro Battaglia, Pierpaolo Consoli, Patrizia Giordano, Federico Spagnoli, Violetta La Cono, Michail M Yakimov, Gianfranco Scotti, Teresa Romeo
The geological, biological and geochemical features of a particular field of hydrothermal vents, discovered in the Panarea Volcanic Complex during a research survey carried out in 2015, are described for the first time. The site, located at 70-80 m depth off the South-western coast of the islet of Basiluzzo, was named Smoking Land for the presence of a large number of wide and high active chimneys and was characterized in terms of dissolved benthic fluxes, associated macrofauna and megafauna communities and preliminary mineralogy and geochemistry of chimney structures...
2018: PloS One
Ticiana Monteiro Abreu, Valdécio Silvano Monteiro, Ana Beatriz Souza Martins, Felipe Barros Teles, Renata Line da Conceição Rivanor, Érika Freitas Mota, Danielle S Macedo, Silvânia Maria Mendes de Vasconcelos, José Eduardo Ribeiro Honório Júnior, Norma Maria Barros Benevides
This study aimed at evaluating the antidepressant-like action of the marine alga Solieria filiformis lectin (SfL) and to investigate the participation of the monoaminergic system in this action. For this, male Swiss mice (n=10) were pretreated with intravenous injections (i.v.) of SfL (1, 3 or 9mg/kg) and submitted to open field (OFT), tail suspension (TST), forced swimming (FST), elevated plus-maze (EPMT) and hole-board tests (HBT). As controls, mice received sterile saline (i.v.), imipramine (10 or 30mg/kg; intraperitoneally - i...
December 28, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Marju Tamm, Peeter Laas, Rene Freiberg, Peeter Nõges, Tiina Nõges
Autotrophic picoplankton (0.2-2μm) can be a significant contributor to primary production and hence play an important role in carbon flow. The phytoplankton community structure in the Baltic Sea is very region specific and the understanding of the composition and dynamics of pico-size phytoplankton is generally poor. The main objective of this study was to determine the contribution of picoeukaryotic algae and their taxonomic composition in late summer phytoplankton community of the West-Estonian Archipelago Sea...
December 27, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
Ke Li, Ya-Fei Wang, Xiao-Ming Li, Wei-Jia Wang, Xu-Ze Ai, Xin Li, Sui-Qun Yang, James B Gloer, Bin-Gui Wang, Tao Xu
A novel ureidobromophenol, rhodomelin A (1), was characterized from Rhodomela confervoides. Its structure was elucidated by spectroscopic analysis. Both enantiomers of 1 were synthesized using a convergent strategy starting from d/l-pyroglutamic acids, respectively, allowing assignment of the R-configuration for the naturally occurring isomer by chiral HPLC analysis. Rhodomelin A represents the first example of a naturally occurring ureidopyrrolidone alkaloid incorporating a γ-aminobutyric acid unit. The scavenging activity of 1 toward DPPH (1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl) and ABTS (2,2'-azinobis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonate)) radicals was assayed...
December 29, 2017: Organic Letters
R Senthilkumar, D M Reddy Prasad, L Govindarajan, K Saravanakumar, B S Naveen Prasad
The present work explored biosorption of Zn(II) ions from aqueous and zinc-bearing factory effluent using marine seaweed Ulva lactuca. The batch pH edge experiments using aqueous zinc solution indicated that Zn(II) uptake by U. lactuca was found to be maximum at pH 4.5 and the batch isotherm trials performed at pH 4.5 resulted in maximum uptake capacity of 128.0 mg Zn(II)/g. With 0.1 M CaCl2 (pH 3.5, HCl) as elutant, the elution of Zn(II) ions from Zn(II)-laden U. lactuca biosorbent was effective with possible regeneration and reuse for three cycles...
December 29, 2017: Environmental Technology
Linlin Xiao, John A Finlay, Michael Röhrig, Sophie Mieszkin, Matthias Worgull, Hendrik Hölscher, James A Callow, Maureen E Callow, Michael Grunze, Axel Rosenhahn
Surface topography plays a key role in the colonization of substrata by the colonizing stages of marine fouling organisms. For the innovation of marine antifouling coatings, it is essential to understand how topographic cues affect the settlement of these organisms. In this study, tapered, spiked microstructures and discrete honeycombs of varying feature dimensions were designed and fabricated in order to examine the influence of topography on the attachment of zoospores of the green macroalga Ulva linza and cells of the diatom (microalga) Navicula incerta...
December 28, 2017: Biofouling
Takashi Kamada, Chin-Soon Phan, Charles S Vairappan
Two new halogenated nonterpenoids C15-acetogenins, nangallenes A-B (1-2), together with two known halogenated compounds itomanallene A (3) and 2,10-dibromo-3-chloro-α-chamigrene (4), were isolated and identified from the organic extract of the marine red alga Laurencia nangii Masuda collected from the coastal waters in Semporna, Borneo. Their structures were established by means of spectroscopic analysis including IR, high-resolution electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (HRESI-MS), and 1D and 2D NMR techniques...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Asian Natural Products Research
Bryan Grommersch, Jitendra Pant, Sean P Hopkins, Marcus James Goudie, Hitesh Handa
Diatomaceous earth (DE), a nanoporous silica material comprised of fossilized unicellular marine algae, possesses unique mechanical, molecular transport, optical, and photonic properties exploited across an array of biomedical applications. The utility of DE in these applications stands to be enhanced through the incorporation of nitric oxide (NO) technology shown to modulate a number of essential physiological processes. In this work, the preparation and characterization of a bio-templated diatomaceous earth-based nitric oxide delivery scaffold is described for the first time...
December 26, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
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