keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Artificial nails

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126904/enhancement-of-tioconazole-ungual-delivery-combining-nanocapsule-formulation-and-nail-poration-approaches
#1
Fernanda C Flores, Wing Sin Chiu, Ruy C R Beck, Cristiane B da Silva, M Begoña Delgado-Charro
This work investigated the impact of formulation including in vitro release profile, repeated dosing, and nail poration on the ex vivo nail delivery performance of antifungal formulations. Chitosan coated and uncoated tioconazole-loaded nanocapsules and a nano-based film-forming vehicle were assessed via in vitro release and in vitro permeation tests using an artificial membrane and human nail clippings, respectively. The later involved single and daily dosing experiments with intact and porated nails. Additional experiments with Nile Red-loaded formulations evaluated the depth of penetration of the fluorescent marker into the nail by laser scanning confocal microscopy...
November 7, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062251/a-congenital-cranial-dysinnervation-disorder-m%C3%A3-bius-syndrome
#2
Hatice Mutlu Albayrak, Nuriye Tarakçı, Hüseyin Altunhan, Rahmi Örs, Hüseyin Çaksen
Möbius' syndrome, also known as Möbius' sequence, is a nonprogressive cranial dysinnervation disorder characterized by congenital facial and abducens nerve paralysis. Here, we report a 5-day-old girl who was conceived after in vitro fertilization with poor suck and facial paralysis. She had bilaterally ptosis and lateral gaze limitation, left-sided deviation of the tongue, dysmorphic face, hypoplastic fingers and finger nails on the left hand, and was diagnosed as having Möbius' syndrome. Involvement of other cranial nerves such as three, four, five, nine, 9 and 12, and limb malformations may accompany this syndrome...
September 2017: Türk Pediatri Arşivi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986048/open-reduction-internal-fixation-versus-intramedullary-nailing-for-humeral-shaft-fractures-an-expected-value-decision-analysis
#3
Nicholas J Zarkadis, Emmanuel D Eisenstein, Nicholas A Kusnezov, John C Dunn, James A Blair
BACKGROUND: Previous randomized controlled studies and meta-analyses have failed to collectively favor either open reduction-internal fixation (ORIF) or intramedullary nailing (IMN) fixation. The purpose of our investigation was to elucidate the optimal decision between ORIF and IMN for acute traumatic operative humeral shaft fractures through an expected value decision analysis. METHODS: We performed an expected value decision analysis and sensitivity analysis to elucidate the difference between ORIF and IMN fixation for patients with acute traumatic humeral shaft fractures...
October 3, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914243/an-in-vitro-comparison-of-casein-phosphopeptide-amorphous-calcium-phosphate-paste-casein-phosphopeptide-amorphous-calcium-phosphate-paste-with-fluoride-and-casein-phosphopeptide-amorphous-calcium-phosphate-varnish-on-the-inhibition-of-demineralization-and-promotion
#4
Prachi Jayesh Thakkar, Chandrashekhar M Badakar, Shivayogi M Hugar, Seema Hallikerimath, Punit M Patel, Parin Shah
AIM: This study aims to determine and compare the extent of inhibition of demineralization and promotion of remineralization of permanent molar enamel with and without application of three remineralizing agents. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty extracted permanent molars were randomly divided into two groups 1 and 2, longitudinally sectioned into four and divided into subgroups A, B, C, and D. The sections were coated with nail varnish leaving a window of 3 mm × 3 mm...
October 2017: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883248/the-development-of-yellow-nail-syndrome-after-the-implantation-of-a-permanent-cardiac-pacemaker
#5
Tomoharu Suzuki, Yasuharu Tokuda, Hiroyuki Kobayashi
Yellow nail syndrome (YNS) is characterized by yellowish nails, lymphedema, sinusitis, and pulmonary involvement and can be triggered by various underlying conditions, such as sinusitis or titanium exposure from an artificial joint or dental implant. Since YNS is potentially treatable, its timely diagnosis is important. The authors recently experienced a case of YNS in a patient who developed sinusitis, yellowish nails, bilateral edema of the extremities, and subclinical rheumatoid arthritis after the implantation of a cardiac pacemaker made from titanium...
October 1, 2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736125/minimally-invasive-treatment-of-displaced-femoral-shaft-fractures-with-a-teleoperated-robot-assisted-surgical-system
#6
Qing Zhu, Bin Liang, Xingsong Wang, Xiaogang Sun, Liming Wang
BACKGROUND: Minimally invasive surgical operation of intramedullary (IM) nailing is a standard technique for treating diaphyseal fractures. However, in addition to its advantages, there are some drawbacks such as the frequent occurrence of malalignment, physical fatigue and high radiation exposure to medical staff. The use of robotic and navigation techniques is promising treatments for femoral fractures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This paper presents a novel robot-assisted manipulator for femoral shaft fracture reduction with indirect contact with the femur...
July 12, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685563/allergic-contact-dermatitis-to-acrylates
#7
P Romita, C Foti, L Masciopinto, E Nettis, E Di Leo, G Calogiuri, D Bonamonte, G Angelini, G Dipalma, A Ballini, F Inchingolo
Acrylates and methacrylates are a large group of chemically reactive monomers that are polymerized into acrylic plastics. These have very broad applications in glues, coatings and various plastic materials. Allergic contact dermatitis (ACD) caused by acrylates can be occupational, mainly in dentistry workers during the manufacturing and implantation of dental prosthesis, and in nail technicians during the sculpturing and application of artificial nails. The clinical manifestations vary according to the location of the contact...
April 2017: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631885/reliability-and-validity-of-fluorecam-for-white-spot-lesion-detection-an-in-vitro-study
#8
Moufida Abufarwa, Amal Noureldin, Phillip M Campbell, Peter H Buschang
AIM: In the present study, we tested the reliability and validity of a new light fluorescence device, the FluoreCam. METHODS: Twenty-five human teeth were sectioned mesiodistally into halves. Group 1 (n=30) included specimens with either sound enamel or natural white-spot lesions (WSL). Group 2 (n=20) included specimens with sound enamel used to create artificial WSL. Using the FluoreCam, baseline scans of enamel surfaces were obtained under standardized conditions...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603598/eyelid-dermatitis-caused-by-allergic-contact-to-acrylates-in-artificial-nails
#9
Jorge Moreira, Rita Gonçalves, Pedro Coelho, Tiago Maio
Over the past few years, there has been an increase in cases of allergic contact dermatitis caused by acrylates, because of the growing popularity of artificial nails. Pathological reactions to artificial nails typically occur on or around the nail area. Eyelid contact dermatitis due to artificial nails is rarely seen, especially in a nonoccupational setting. The authors report the case of a 45-year-old female accountant who developed eyelid dermatitis due to artificial nails.
March 13, 2017: Dermatology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378697/-are-nail-polish-artificial-nails-and-piercings-allowed-outside-the-surgical-area-recommendations-for-the-perioperative-policy
#10
M J L Bucx, P Krijtenburg, G J Scheffer
- An increasing number of patients wear nail polish, artificial nails or have piercings.- There is uncertainty about the perioperative management of these items, especially when located outside the surgical area.- In the majority of hospitals, patients are urged to remove these items preoperatively, under the assumption that they might cause problems.- Frequently, however, these items cannot be removed straightforwardly.- Nail polish and artificial nails only very rarely cause perioperative problems and therefore do not need to be removed pre-operatively...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202370/to-evaluate-the-role-of-platelet-rich-plasma-in-healing-of-acute-diaphyseal-fractures-of-the-femur
#11
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Roop Singh, Rajesh Rohilla, Jeetesh Gawande, Paramjit Kumar Sehgal
PURPOSE: New research is focusing on the use of autologous growth factors to increase the effect of bone fracture healing while decreasing the amount of healing time for the patient. Platelets have been demonstrated to be the natural storage vessel for several growth factors and cytokines that promote blood coagulation, tissue repair, and the process of bone mineralization. The present study aims to evaluate the role of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) in healing of acute femoral shaft fractures radiologically...
February 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159079/guideline-implementation-hand-hygiene
#12
Judith L Goldberg
Performing proper hand hygiene and surgical hand antisepsis is essential to reducing the rates of health care-associated infections, including surgical site infections. The updated AORN "Guideline for hand hygiene" provides guidance on hand hygiene and surgical hand antisepsis, the wearing of fingernail polish and artificial nails, proper skin care to prevent dermatitis, the wearing of jewelry, hand hygiene product selection, and quality assurance and performance improvement considerations. This article focuses on key points of the guideline to help perioperative personnel make informed decisions about hand hygiene and surgical hand antisepsis...
February 2017: AORN Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149238/beware-flammable-fingernails-case-report-synthetic-fingernails-result-in-full-thickness-burn-and-terminalisation
#13
A Arnaout, J Cubitt, D Nguyen
Having long artificial (acrylic) nails is a current fashion trend, and they are becoming an increasingly popular cosmetic enhancement. We believe that they can be a potential burn hazard to their unknowing users. We present the first reported case in medical literature of a woman whose acrylic nail ignited from a cigarette butt a short distance from the nail while she was taking the final puffs. She sustained a full thickness burn to her dominant left thumb, resulting in terminalisation. Acrylic nails are very flammable and, once ignited, they burn to completion, with the source of flame removed...
June 30, 2016: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032049/the-efficiency-of-child-formula-dentifrices-containing-different-calcium-and-phosphate-compounds-on-artificial-enamel-caries
#14
Praphasri Rirattanapong, Kadkao Vongsavan, Chavengkiat Saengsirinavin, Ploychompoo Khumsub
OBJECTIVES: Fluoride toothpaste has been extensively used to prevent dental caries. However, the risk of fluorosis is concerning, especially in young children. Calcium phosphate has been an effective remineralizing agent and is present in commercial dental products, with no risk of fluorosis to users. This in vitro study aimed to compare the effects of different calcium phosphate compounds and fluoride-containing dentifrices on artificial caries in primary teeth. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty sound primary incisors were coated with nail varnish, leaving two 1 mm(2) windows on the labial surface before immersion in demineralizing solution for 96 hours to produce artificial enamel lesions...
November 2016: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834227/allergic-contact-dermatitis-from-acrylic-nails-in-a-flamenco-guitarist
#15
F A Alcántara-Nicolás, M A Pastor-Nieto, C Sánchez-Herreros, R Pérez-Mesonero, V Melgar-Molero, A Ballano, E De-Eusebio
Acrylates are molecules that are well known for their strong sensitizing properties. Historically, many beauticians and individuals using store-bought artificial nail products have developed allergic contact dermatitis from acrylates. More recently, the use of acrylic nails among flamenco guitarists to strengthen their nails has become very popular. A 40-year-old non-atopic male patient working as a flamenco guitarist developed dystrophy, onycholysis and paronychia involving the first four nails of his right hand...
December 2016: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792890/micronucleated-erythrocytes-in-newborns-rats-exposed-to-three-different-types-of-ultraviolet-a-uva-lamps-from-commonly-uses-devices
#16
Guillermo M Zúñiga-González, Belinda C Gómez-Meda, Ana L Zamora-Perez, María A Martínez-González, Miguel A Bautista-Bejarano, Sebastián Patiño-Valenzuela, Juan Armendáriz-Borunda, Blanca P Lazalde-Ramos, María G Sánchez-Parada, Martha P Gallegos-Arreola
Exposure to ultraviolet-A (UVA) light can accidentally cause adverse effects in the skin and eyes. UVA induces DNA damage directly by creating pyrimidine dimers or by the formation of reactive oxygen species that can indirectly affect DNA integrity. UVA radiation is emitted by lamps from everyday devices. In adult rats, micronucleated erythrocytes (MNE) are removed from the circulation by the spleen. However, in newborn rats, MNE have been observed in peripheral blood erythrocytes. The objective of this study was to use micronucleus tests to evaluate the DNA damage caused in newborn rats exposed to UVA light from three different types of UVA lamps obtained from commonly used devices: counterfeit detectors, insecticide devices, and equipment used to harden resins for artificial nails...
December 2016: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789875/biomechanical-analysis-of-the-cephalomedullary-nail-versus-the-trochanteric-stabilizing-plate-for-unstable-intertrochanteric-femur-fractures
#17
David Walmsley, Bruce Nicayenzi, Paul Rt Kuzyk, Alan Machin, Habiba Bougherara, Emil H Schemitsch, Radovan Zdero
Unstable intertrochanteric fractures are commonly treated with a cephalomedullary nail due to high failure rates with a sliding hip screw. The Omega3 Trochanteric Stabilizing Plate is a relatively new device that functions like a modified sliding hip screw with a proximal extension; however, its mechanical properties have not been evaluated. This study biomechanically compared a cephalomedullary nail, that is, Gamma3 Nail against the Omega3 plate. Unstable intertrochanteric fractures were created in 24 artificial femurs...
October 26, 2016: Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers. Part H, Journal of Engineering in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27728924/-treatment-of-tibial-shaft-fractures-with-the-stable-angle-tibial-nail-targon-tx
#18
M Chmielnicki, A Prokop
Tibial shaft fractures are among the most common long bone fractures in humans. The incidence is 1-2 per 100,000. The gold standard of treatment for AO type 42 A-C fractures is a locking intramedullary nail. The development of new implants has extended the indications for this minimally invasive technique, so that now AO types 41 and 43 can also be treated with special nails. Fixed-angle screw anchors increase primary stability and supplemental locking devices located proximally and distally extend the spectrum of use to metaphyseal fractures...
October 2016: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27708489/biomechanical-stability-of-juvidur-and-bone-models-on-osteosyntesic-materials
#19
Predrag Grubor, Milorad Mitković, Milan Grubor, Milan Mitković, Luigi Meccariello, Gabriele Falzarano
INTRODUCTION: Artificial models can be useful at approximate and qualitative research, which should give the preliminary results. Artificial models are usually made of photo-elastic plastic e.g.. juvidur, araldite in the three-dimensional contour shape of the bone. Anatomical preparations consist of the same heterogeneous, structural materials with extremely anisotropic and unequal highly elastic characteristics, which are embedded in a complex organic structure. THE AIM OF THE STUDY: Examine the budget voltage and deformation of: dynamic compression plate (DCP), locking compression plate (LCP), Mitkovic internal fixator (MIF), Locked intramedullary nailing (LIN) on the compressive and bending forces on juvidur and veal bone models and compared the results of these two methods (juvidur, veal bone)...
July 16, 2016: Acta Informatica Medica: AIM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27617382/comparison-of-cpp-acp-tri-calcium-phosphate-and-hydroxyapatite-on-remineralization-of-artificial-caries-like-lesions-on-primary-enamel-an-in-vitro-study
#20
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Meghna Bajaj, P Poornima, S Praveen, N B Nagaveni, K B Roopa, I E Neena, K P Bharath
OBJECTIVES: To compare CPP-ACP, Tri-calcium phosphate and Hydroxyapatite on remineralization of artificial caries like lesions on primary enamel. STUDY DESIGN: Ten extracted Primary molars coated with nail varnish, leaving a window of 2×4 mm on buccal and lingual surface were immersed in demineralizing solution for 96 hours and sectioned longitudinally to obtain 40 sections (4 sections per tooth) and were randomly divided into 4 groups (A to D) n=10; Group A: negative control, Group B: CPP-ACP, Group C: Tri-calcium phosphate, Group D: Hydroxyapatite...
2016: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
keyword
keyword
4679
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"