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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676495/insanity-defense-typology
#1
Kimberly P Brown
Much has been written about how to conduct insanity defense evaluations, as well as how to operationalize the legal definitions of insanity. However, the insanity defense has never been categorized by a typology. This article describes a typology of six subtypes of the insanity defense: paranoid self-defense, "but it's mine," erotomanic stalking, deific decree, disorganized, and false report. Knowledge of these subtypes, while not all inclusive, can inform insanity defense evaluations, guide training, and potentially increase the reliability of forensic evaluators' opinions...
April 20, 2018: Behavioral Sciences & the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676480/medication-state-at-the-time-of-the-offense-medication-noncompliance-insight-and-criminal-responsibility
#2
Caroline Titcomb Parrott, Michelle A Jones, Stanley L Brodsky, Clayton Shealy
This study used a mixed quantitative-qualitative methodology to examine whether mock jurors considered a defendant's meta-responsibility - specifically, the defendant's medication noncompliance and degree of insight into his/her schizophrenia - when determining the person's criminal responsibility. The degree of expert witness explanation regarding these factors was also varied. Participants (n = 173) were grouped into 30 juries, randomized across five conditions, and shown mock testimony and attorney arguments based on a real not guilty by reason of insanity court case...
April 20, 2018: Behavioral Sciences & the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675280/what-can-happen-when-postpartum-anxiety-progresses-to-psychosis-a-case-study
#3
Vesna Pirec
This case report describes a primipara without documented psychiatric history prior to complicated delivery. Onset of severe insomnia and anxiety was right after childbirth but not treated. Obsessive thinking pattern became more prominent. The patient became depressed and sought psychiatric help four months after delivery. Insomnia was then treated pharmacologically. Anxiety and depression persisted, suicidal ideation emerged, and the patient became confused, indecisive, overwhelmed, and delusional regarding her child's health...
2018: Case Reports in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672912/discerning-bias-in-forensic-psychological-reports-in-insanity-cases
#4
Tess M S Neal
This project began as an attempt to develop systematic, measurable indicators of bias in written forensic mental health evaluations focused on the issue of insanity. Although forensic clinicians observed in this study did vary systematically in their report-writing behaviors on several of the indicators of interest, the data are most useful in demonstrating how and why bias is hard to ferret out. Naturalistic data were used in this project (i.e., 122 real forensic insanity reports), which in some ways is a strength...
April 19, 2018: Behavioral Sciences & the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651793/mirat%C3%A3-lebdan-fi-te%C3%A5-rih-i-aza%C3%A3-l-%C3%A4-nsan-first-printed-illustrated-anatomy-book-in-ottoman-turkish-medicine
#5
Gursel Ortug, Alpen Ortug, Namik Kemal Kurt
BACKGROUND: Medical education in Ottoman-Turkish medicine was shaped by the influence of Claudius Galenus (c.130-c.210) and Ibn-i Sina (c.980-c.1037). These teachings were performed in madrasahs until the beginning of the 19th century period. Within the scope of master-apprentice relationship, medical training was also given in private clinics. As a result of religious and social pressures on scientific studies human cadavers were never used because they were considered sacred. For centuries, all books were handwritten during the Ottoman Empire until the first printing press was established in Istanbul during 1726...
April 13, 2018: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629625/the-perils-of-public-transport-insanity-in-practice
#6
Philip Joseph
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2018: Medico-legal Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618540/mental-condition-requirement-in-competency-to-stand-trial-assessments
#7
Andrew D Reisner, Jennifer L Piel
In Ohio, a criminal defendant is incompetent to stand trial only if "a present mental condition" renders him unable to understand the nature and objectives of the proceedings against him or to assist in his defense. Some forensic mental health evaluators have treated the mental-condition requirement as synonymous with, or similar to, the psychiatric condition required in the state's insanity criteria, which requires a "severe mental disease or defect." Yet the term mental condition does not appear in other areas of the state's criminal code or in the state's definition of a mental illness for purposes of civil commitment...
March 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618538/using-technology-to-improve-the-objectivity-of-criminal-responsibility-evaluations
#8
Michael J Vitacco, Emily D Gottfried, Ashley B Batastini
Criminal responsibility (or insanity) evaluations require forensic clinicians to reconstruct a defendant's decision-making abilities, behavioral control, and emotional state at the time of the criminal act. Forensic evaluators are ultimately tasked to evaluate whether an individual had the capacity to understand right from wrong, and in some jurisdictions, determine whether the defendant lacked substantial capacity to conform his behavior to the requirements of the law as a result of a threshold condition (e...
March 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614904/another-killer-industry-a-review-of-fake-silk-by-paul-blanc
#9
Daniel Berman
Rayon, a shiny artificial fabric with the flashy allure of silk, constitutes no danger to consumers. But worker exposure to carbon disulfide, an essential input in rayon manufacture, can drive workers insane and kill them as well. The dangers of carbon disulfide have been known since the middle of the 19th century. Professor Paul Blanc's book traces the social amnesia about the dangers of making rayon and how its production has shifted from wealthy countries in Europe, the United States, and Japan to poorer countries like South Korea and the People's Republic of China...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588910/effect-of-the-masseter-muscle-injection-of-botulinum-toxin-a-on-the-mandibular-bone-growth-of-developmental-rats
#10
Hyun Seok, Seong-Gon Kim, Min-Keun Kim, Insan Jang, Janghoon Ahn
Background: The objective of this study was to evaluate the influence of masticatory muscle injection of botulinum toxin type A (BTX-A) on the growth of the mandibular bone in vivo. Methods: Eleven Sprague-Dawley rats were used, and BTX-A ( n  = 6) or saline ( n  = 5) was injected at 13 days of age. All injections were given to the right masseter muscle, and the BTX-A dose was 0.5 units. All of the rats were euthanized at 60 days of age. The skulls of the rats were separated and fixed with 10% formalin for micro-computed tomography (micro-CT) analysis...
December 2018: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29488897/-surrealism-and-madness
#11
Κ Flora
This article attempts an approach of madness by surrealism, as reflected in the pathway of the surrealist movement. In the light of enlargement of the concept of mental illness and the experience of madness, an approach is being attempted regarding the early surrealist views as they precursory appear e.g. from the case of Hieronymus Bosch to the meeting of the dominant psychiatry and the surrealist movement in the 19th and 20th century. Then, the paper attempts to present the main positions of representatives of the movement, such as Breton, Dali and Kalas...
October 2017: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29479905/public-awareness-understanding-and-attitudes-towards-epilepsy-in-montenegro
#12
Sanja Vodopić, Slavica Vujisić
Stigma remains a distressing consequence of epilepsy worldwide. We assessed stigma markers among citizens of Montenegro. Randomly selected adults aged 18 to 65 were interviewed using a 10-item questionnaire, which had been used in similar settings. Descriptive statistics, χ2-test and Fisher exact test were used in order to identify factors associated with negative attitudes. After exclusions and refusals, the questionnaire was administered to 1000 people, 91% of whom had heard about epilepsy. Less than half knew someone with epilepsy and 31...
September 2017: Acta Clinica Croatica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473809/postpartum-illness-and-sentencing-why-the-insanity-defense-is-not-enough-for-mothers-with-postpartum-depression-anxiety-and-psychosis
#13
Rachel L Carmickle
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402114/crime-and-madness-at-the-opposite-shores-of-the-adriatic-moral-insanity-in-italian-and-croatian-psychiatric-discourses
#14
Vanni D'Alessio, Filip Čeč, Heike Karge
In the 19th century, fervid debates arose in the young psychiatric science about how to deal with and to scientifically categorize human behaviour which was perceived as dangerous to society, and as criminal. There were two concepts that stood out in these transnationally held discussions; namely moral insanity and later on, psychopathy. Following recent approaches in the cultural and social history of psychiatry, we understand moral insanity and psychopathy as social constructs, which are determined by the evolution in psychiatric knowledge, and also by laws, codes and social norms of particular historical timeframes...
December 2017: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294790/the-gay-panic-defense-legal-defense-strategy-or-reinforcement-of-homophobia-in-court
#15
Jenna Tomei, Robert J Cramer, Marcus T Boccaccini, Nancy Ryba Panza
Gay panic refers to a heterosexual man violently responding to unwanted sexual advances from a gay man. In court, the defendant may argue he was provoked or temporarily insane. This study utilized 352 jury-eligible citizens to assess differences across mediums of gay panic. Participants were asked to read vignettes depicting a control, gay panic as provocation, or gay panic as insanity condition and provide verdicts and ratings of blame and responsibility. Participants also completed measures assessing political orientation and homonegativity...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282235/the-forensic-mental-health-services-census-of-forensic-populations-in-state-facilities
#16
Joseph D Bloom, David Novosad
This article focuses on the development of a Forensic Mental Health Services Census (FMHSC), proposed to differentiate between five different patient populations institutionalized in state facilities. The FMHSC would comprise patients who are civilly committed for mental illness or sexual dangerousness, those found incompetent to stand trial, those committed after a verdict of not guilty by reason of insanity, and those voluntarily committed. The census would be performed by state mental health authorities for each of these populations within the particular jurisdiction and then would be reported to a national coordinating organization...
December 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275805/from-dental-to-mental-institutions-did-hypoxic-anesthetics-by-dental-associations-add-more-brain-injured-patients-to-america-s-insane-asylums
#17
Matthew L Edwards, George S Bause
Though most patients survived the hypoxic challenge, some patients likely suffered asphyxial brain damage from GQ Colton's nitrous-oxide techniques and were admitted to insane or lunatic asylums.
October 2017: Journal of Anesthesia History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241358/criticisms-of-kraepelin-s-psychiatric-nosology-1896-1927
#18
Kenneth S Kendler, Eric J Engstrom
Emil Kraepelin's psychiatric nosology, proposed in the 5th and 6th editions of his textbook published in 1896 and 1899, did not quickly gain worldwide acceptance, but was instead met with substantial and sustained criticism. The authors review critiques of Kraepelin's work published in his lifetime by Adolf Meyer, Friedrich Jolly, Eugenio Tanzi, Alfred Hoche, Karl Jaspers, and Willy Hellpach. These critics made six major points. First, Kraepelin's new categories of dementia praecox and manic-depressive insanity were too broad and too heterogeneous...
December 15, 2017: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239665/health-and-hierarchy-soldiers-civilians-and-mental-healthcare-in-scotland-1914-34
#19
Jennifer Farquharson
During the First World War injured servicemen were constructed as a better class of patient than civilians, and their care was prioritized in social and political discourses. For the mentally disordered servicemen themselves, however, these distinctions were permeable and transient. This article will challenge the reality of the 'privileged' service patient in civil asylums in Scotland. By examining the impact of the war on asylum structures, economies and patient health, this study will explore exactly which patients were valued in these difficult years...
March 2018: History of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184335/johann-bernhard-aloys-von-gudden-and-the-mad-king-of-bavaria
#20
Kalyan B Bhattacharyya
Bernhard von Gudden was a psychiatrist in Prussia and he was summoned in March 1886 to examine King Ludwig II for his apparently insane activities like, profligate spending and erratic behaviour. A team of four estimable psychiatrists pronounced that he was not capable ruling. Consequently, he was dethroned and kept in a castle under supervision of von Gudden. Gudden championed the idea of 'no restraint' and advocated free movement of insane persons and one evening in June, he accompanied the King during an evening stroll to a lake...
October 2017: Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology
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