keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Insanity

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29867338/mental-insanity-assessment-of-pedophilia-the-importance-of-the-trans-disciplinary-approach-reflections-on-two-cases
#1
Cristina Scarpazza, Ambrogio Pennati, Giuseppe Sartori
A 60 plus-year-old male was charged with pedophilia for forcing a child to touch him inappropriately near a primary school fence. In another case, a 70 plus-year-old male was charged with pedophilia for intimately touching a boy in a cinema. What led them to manifest this socially-inappropriate and legally-relevant behavior? Is there an explanation for the sexually-related behavioral changes emerging late in life of these two men? Indeed, a common point exists between the two men: both were found to suffer from highly-disabling neurological conditions, known to have a potential effect on social behavior...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29866584/-extraordinarily-arduous-and-fraught-with-danger-syphilis-salvarsan-and-general-paresis-of-the-insane
#2
Kelley Swain
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2018: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766620/insane-in-the-apical-membrane-trafficking-events-mediating-apicobasal-epithelial-polarity-during-tube-morphogenesis
#3
REVIEW
Cayla E Jewett, Rytis Prekeris
The creation of cellular tubes is one of the most vital developmental processes, resulting in the formation of most organ types. Cells have co-opted a number of different mechanisms for tube morphogenesis that vary among tissues and organisms; however, generation and maintenance of cell polarity is fundamental for successful lumenogenesis. Polarized membrane transport has emerged as a key driver not only for establishing individual epithelial cell polarity, but also for coordination of epithelial polarization during apical lumen formation and tissue morphogenesis...
May 16, 2018: Traffic
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726605/criminal-responsibility-meta-analysis-and-study-space
#4
Lauren E Kois, Preeti Chauhan
While some correlates of criminal responsibility (CR) outcomes are consistent, others are not. Study-level characteristics, such as sample selection, variability in the operational definition of insanity, or other unknown influences may explain discrepant findings. It is critical to systematically consolidate and assess the literature in order to guide future work. We conducted the first meta-analysis and study space analysis (see Malpass et al., ) in this area. 15 studies met inclusion criteria for the meta-analysis, which encompassed 19,500 cases...
May 2018: Behavioral Sciences & the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722059/insanity-findings-and-evaluation-practices-a-state-wide-review-of-court-ordered-reports
#5
Brett O Gardner, Daniel C Murrie, Angela N Torres
Evaluations of legal sanity are some of the most complex and consequential mental health evaluations that forensic clinicians perform for the courts. Thus, there is strong reason to monitor the wide-scale process and conclusions of sanity evaluations. In this study, we review 1,111 court-ordered sanity evaluation reports submitted by 74 evaluators in Virginia from the first year after the state initiated an oversight system that allowed for such comprehensive review. Overall, the base rate of insanity findings was 16...
May 2, 2018: Behavioral Sciences & the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704875/frequency-dependent-top-down-modulation-of-temporal-summation-by-anodal-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-of-the-primary-motor-cortex-in-healthy-adults
#6
S Hughes, M Ali, P Sharma, N Insan, P H Strutton
BACKGROUND: Transcranial direct-current stimulation (tDCS) applied over the primary motor cortex has been shown to be effective in the treatment of a number of chronic pain conditions. However, there is a lack of understanding of the top-down analgesic mechanisms involved. METHOD: In this study, we investigated the effects of tDCS on the facilitation of subjective sensory and pain scores using a transcutaneous electrically-evoked measure of temporal summation. In this randomised, blinded, cross-over study healthy subjects received a single stimulus given at 0...
April 28, 2018: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696677/introduction-to-this-special-issue-the-characteristics-of-insanity-and-the-insanity-evaluation-process
#7
Christopher Slobogin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 25, 2018: Behavioral Sciences & the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694531/-psychosocial-support-center-and-territory-human-space-communication-and-interdisciplinarity
#8
Michelle de Almeida Cézar, Walter Melo
The psychiatric reform is addressed from a theoretical and conceptual perspective through the concept of territory, which is analyzed as human space, as communication, and as related to the way interdisciplinary knowledge is produced. These concepts (territory and interdisciplinarity) were identified in a semistructured interview with the psychiatrist and professor Pedro Gabriel Delgado, who classified them as operative. We conclude that this understanding enables theory and practice to be configured as praxis, producing meanings and transformations and enabling close ties between the functioning of community-based services and the transformation of the relationship between insanity and society...
March 2018: História, Ciências, Saúde—Manguinhos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691882/mental-state-at-time-of-offense-in-the-hot-tub-an-empirical-examination-of-concurrent-expert-testimony-in-an-insanity-case
#9
Daniel A Krauss, Jennifer Gongola, Nicholas Scurich, Brendan Busch
The role of experts and their presentation of testimony in insanity cases remain controversial. In order to decrease possible expert bias associated with this testimony, a number of different alternatives to adversarial presentation have been suggested. Two such alternatives are the use of court-appointed experts and the use of concurrent testimony (or "hot-tubbing"), in which opposing experts provide testimony concurrently and converse with each other directly. An experiment using a sample of venire jurors (n = 150) tested the effect of these alternatives...
May 2018: Behavioral Sciences & the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685647/in-defense-of-free-will-neuroscience-and-criminal-responsibility
#10
REVIEW
Paul G Nestor
Is neuroscience the death of free will and if so, does this mean the imminent demise of the psycho-legal practices related to insanity and criminal responsibility? For many scholars of neuro-jurisprudence, recent advances in brain sciences suggesting that the perception of free will is merely illusory, an epiphenomenon of unconscious brain activity, do indeed undermine our traditional understandings of moral and legal responsibility. In this paper, however, we reject this radical claim and argue that neuroscientific evidence can indeed reveal how free will actually works and how its underlying neural and perceptual machinery gives rise to our sense of responsibility for our actions...
April 20, 2018: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681551/-he-must-die-or-go-mad-in-this-place-prisoners-insanity-and-the-pentonville-model-prison-experiment-1842-52
#11
Catherine Cox, Hilary Marland
The relationship between prisons and mental illness has preoccupied prison administrators, physicians, and reformers from the establishment of the modern prison service in the nineteenth century to the current day. Here we take the case of Pentonville Model Prison, established in 1842 with the aim of reforming convicts through religious exhortation, rigorous discipline and training, and the imposition of separate confinement in its most extreme form. Our article demonstrates how following the introduction of separate confinement, the prison chaplains rather than the medical officers took a lead role in managing the minds of convicts...
2018: Bulletin of the History of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676495/insanity-defense-typology
#12
Kimberly P Brown
Much has been written about how to conduct insanity defense evaluations, as well as how to operationalize the legal definitions of insanity. However, the insanity defense has never been categorized by a typology. This article describes a typology of six subtypes of the insanity defense: paranoid self-defense, "but it's mine," erotomanic stalking, deific decree, disorganized, and false report. Knowledge of these subtypes, while not all inclusive, can inform insanity defense evaluations, guide training, and potentially increase the reliability of forensic evaluators' opinions...
May 2018: Behavioral Sciences & the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676480/medication-state-at-the-time-of-the-offense-medication-noncompliance-insight-and-criminal-responsibility
#13
Caroline Titcomb Parrott, Michelle A Jones, Stanley L Brodsky, Clayton Shealy
This study used a mixed quantitative-qualitative methodology to examine whether mock jurors considered a defendant's meta-responsibility - specifically, the defendant's medication noncompliance and degree of insight into his/her schizophrenia - when determining the person's criminal responsibility. The degree of expert witness explanation regarding these factors was also varied. Participants (n = 173) were grouped into 30 juries, randomized across five conditions, and shown mock testimony and attorney arguments based on a real not guilty by reason of insanity court case...
May 2018: Behavioral Sciences & the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675280/what-can-happen-when-postpartum-anxiety-progresses-to-psychosis-a-case-study
#14
Vesna Pirec
This case report describes a primipara without documented psychiatric history prior to complicated delivery. Onset of severe insomnia and anxiety was right after childbirth but not treated. Obsessive thinking pattern became more prominent. The patient became depressed and sought psychiatric help four months after delivery. Insomnia was then treated pharmacologically. Anxiety and depression persisted, suicidal ideation emerged, and the patient became confused, indecisive, overwhelmed, and delusional regarding her child's health...
2018: Case Reports in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672912/discerning-bias-in-forensic-psychological-reports-in-insanity-cases
#15
Tess M S Neal
This project began as an attempt to develop systematic, measurable indicators of bias in written forensic mental health evaluations focused on the issue of insanity. Although forensic clinicians observed in this study did vary systematically in their report-writing behaviors on several of the indicators of interest, the data are most useful in demonstrating how and why bias is hard to ferret out. Naturalistic data were used in this project (i.e., 122 real forensic insanity reports), which in some ways is a strength...
May 2018: Behavioral Sciences & the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651793/mirat%C3%A3-lebdan-fi-te%C3%A5-rih-i-aza%C3%A3-l-%C3%A4-nsan-first-printed-illustrated-anatomy-book-in-ottoman-turkish-medicine
#16
Gursel Ortug, Alpen Ortug, Namik Kemal Kurt
BACKGROUND: Medical education in Ottoman-Turkish medicine was shaped by the influence of Claudius Galenus (c.130-c.210) and Ibn-i Sina (c.980-c.1037). These teachings were performed in madrasahs until the beginning of the 19th century period. Within the scope of master-apprentice relationship, medical training was also given in private clinics. As a result of religious and social pressures on scientific studies human cadavers were never used because they were considered sacred. For centuries, all books were handwritten during the Ottoman Empire until the first printing press was established in Istanbul during 1726...
April 13, 2018: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629625/the-perils-of-public-transport-insanity-in-practice
#17
Philip Joseph
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2018: Medico-legal Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618540/mental-condition-requirement-in-competency-to-stand-trial-assessments
#18
Andrew D Reisner, Jennifer L Piel
In Ohio, a criminal defendant is incompetent to stand trial only if "a present mental condition" renders him unable to understand the nature and objectives of the proceedings against him or to assist in his defense. Some forensic mental health evaluators have treated the mental-condition requirement as synonymous with, or similar to, the psychiatric condition required in the state's insanity criteria, which requires a "severe mental disease or defect." Yet the term mental condition does not appear in other areas of the state's criminal code or in the state's definition of a mental illness for purposes of civil commitment...
March 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618538/using-technology-to-improve-the-objectivity-of-criminal-responsibility-evaluations
#19
Michael J Vitacco, Emily D Gottfried, Ashley B Batastini
Criminal responsibility (or insanity) evaluations require forensic clinicians to reconstruct a defendant's decision-making abilities, behavioral control, and emotional state at the time of the criminal act. Forensic evaluators are ultimately tasked to evaluate whether an individual had the capacity to understand right from wrong, and in some jurisdictions, determine whether the defendant lacked substantial capacity to conform his behavior to the requirements of the law as a result of a threshold condition (e...
March 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614904/another-killer-industry-a-review-of-fake-silk-by-paul-blanc
#20
Daniel Berman
Rayon, a shiny artificial fabric with the flashy allure of silk, constitutes no danger to consumers. But worker exposure to carbon disulfide, an essential input in rayon manufacture, can drive workers insane and kill them as well. The dangers of carbon disulfide have been known since the middle of the 19th century. Professor Paul Blanc's book traces the social amnesia about the dangers of making rayon and how its production has shifted from wealthy countries in Europe, the United States, and Japan to poorer countries like South Korea and the People's Republic of China...
April 2018: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
keyword
keyword
46767
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"