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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730877/from-mental-hygiene-to-mental-health-ideology-discourses-and-practices-in-franco-s-spain-1939-75
#1
Enric J Novella, Ricardo Campos
Based on an analysis of the discourses, the ideological appropriation and the practical influence of mental hygiene in Spanish psychiatry during the early years of the Francoist regime, this article examines its decline and subsequent replacement by the new concept of mental health promoted by the World Health Organization and other international bodies from the mid-twentieth century. The old approach, essentially focused on the prophylaxis of insanity within the framework of a set of interventionist policies of social defence, was thus transformed from the beginning of the 1960s into a much more ambitious and comprehensive project which sought to promote the psychosocial balance and performance of individuals in the context of increasingly socialized health-related discourses and networks of care...
July 1, 2017: History of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705598/right-internal-thoracic-artery-or-saphenous-vein-grafting-insanity-doing-the-same-thing-over-and-over-again-and-expecting-different-results
#2
EDITORIAL
Chaim Locker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 24, 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701049/insane-acquittees-and-insane-convicts-the-rationalization-of-policy-in-nineteenth-century-connecticut
#3
Lawrence B Goodheart
A current situation in Connecticut of whether a violent insane acquittee should be held in a state prison or psychiatric facility raises difficult issues in jurisprudence and medical ethics. Overlooked is that the present case of Francis Anderson reiterates much of the debate over rationalization of policy during the formative nineteenth century. Contrary to theories of social control and state absolutism, governance in Connecticut was largely episodic, indecisive and dilatory over much of the century. The extraordinary urban and industrial transformation at the end of the Gilded Age finally forced a coherent response in keeping with longstanding legal and medical perspectives...
July 1, 2017: History of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675052/book-review-madness-in-civilization-a-cultural-history-of-insanity-madness-in-civilization-a-cultural-history-of-insanity-scull-andrew-princeton-university-press-princeton-nj-2015-448-pp-isbn-978-0-691-17344-3-pbk
#4
Sidney Bloch
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647311/a-collection-of-brain-sections-of-euthanasia-victims-the-series-h-of-julius-hallervorden
#5
Heinz Wässle
Julius Hallervorden, a distinguished German neuropathologist, admitted on several occasions that he had received some five hundred brains of "euthanasia" victims from the Nazi killing centres for the insane. He investigated the brains in the summer of 1942; however, their traces were subsequently lost. The present study shows, that the Series H, which was part of the Hallervorden collection of brain sections in the Max Planck Institute for Brain Research, comprises the brain sections of the above mentioned five hundred euthanasia victims...
June 21, 2017: Endeavour
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633136/malaria-fever-therapy-for-general-paralysis-of-the-insane-a-historical-cohort-study
#6
Ingrid M Daey Ouwens, C Elisabeth Lens, Aernoud T L Fiolet, Alewijn Ott, Peter J Koehler, Piet A Kager, Willem M A Verhoeven
BACKGROUND/AIMS: This year marks the 100th anniversary of the first malaria fever treatment (MFT) given to patients with general paralysis of the insane (GPI) by the Austrian psychiatrist and later Nobel laureate, Julius Wagner-Jauregg. In 1921 Wagner-Jauregg reported an impressive therapeutic success of MFT and it became the standard treatment for GPI worldwide. In this study, MFT practice in the Dutch Vincent van Gogh psychiatric hospital in GPI patients who had been admitted in the period 1924-1954 is explored...
June 21, 2017: European Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630853/mega-tumour-chondrosarcoma-of-humerus-an-insanely-large-tumor-and-its-social-implications
#7
Rakesh Sharma, Harminder Singh Sohal, Neeraj Malhotra
INTRODUCTION: Large size bone tumors are rare as patients present quite early. The current article reports a large chondrosarcoma removed from left humerus. The rarity of such large size tumors is focus of the report. CASE REPORT: Forty year old male presented with a huge mass in this left arm. The same patient apparently was admitted three years back for excision of the arm swelling which was relatively small that time. However the patient did not undergo surgery and was takin treatment from local bone setters during the last three years and tumor grew to a larger size during this period...
January 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594220/field-reliability-influences-field-validity-risk-assessments-of-individuals-found-not-guilty-by-reason-of-insanity
#8
W Neil Gowensmith, Daniel C Murrie, Marcus T Boccaccini, Brandon J McNichols
Individuals acquitted as not guilty by reason of insanity (NGRI) are usually committed to psychiatric hospitals for treatment until they are considered suitable for conditional release back to the community. The clinical evaluations that inform conditional release decisions have rarely been studied but provide an ideal opportunity to examine the reliability and validity of complex evaluations in the field. For example, to what extent do forensic evaluators agree about an acquittee's readiness for conditional release? And how accurate are their opinions? We reviewed 175 evaluation reports across 62 cases from Hawaii, which requires 3 separate evaluations from independent clinicians for each felony NGRI acquittee referred for conditional release evaluation...
June 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579208/louis-delasiauve-1804-1893-an-alienist-at-the-dawn-of-epileptology-and-pediatric-psychiatry
#9
REVIEW
O Walusinski
This paper aims to honor the memory of the alienist Louis Delasiauve (1804-1893). His classification of the different types of epilepsy based on clinical symptoms is still relevant today and made him a precursor of contemporary epileptology. In 1851, Delasiauve clinically and etiologically isolated 'acute mental confusion' (acute confusional state) from all other forms of dementia. Never deviating from his republican and progressive ideals, he devoted himself throughout the 19th century to treating those insane asylum patients who received the poorest care: epileptics and children with intellectual disabilities...
June 1, 2017: Revue Neurologique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567483/-gender-norms-and-expertise-constructions-of-gender-in-psychiatrists-legal-opinions-in-imperial-germany-1871-1914
#10
Marcus B Carrier
This article focuses on notions of gender in psychiatrists' expert opinions written for lawsuits during the German Empire, 1871-1914. Four different narratives concerning gender can be identified in these testimonies. On the one hand, the reports describe women and men who did not conform to the gender stereotypes of the time. The psychiatrists found the non-conformist defendants to be of unsound mind. On the other hand, women and men who did conform to the gender stereotypes were also described. In those cases, however, "feminine" women were certified insane, whereas "masculine" men were accused of simulating a mental disease in order to avoid punishment...
May 31, 2017: NTM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531301/a-political-case-of-penetrating-cranial-trauma-the-injury-of-james-scott-brady
#11
Richard Menger, Piyush Kalakoti, Rimal Hanif, Osama Ahmed, Anil Nanda, Bharat Guthikonda
James Brady, the White House press secretary during President Ronald Reagan's first term in office, was 1 of 4 people (including the President) wounded during an attempted assassination attempt on President Reagan's life on March 30, 1981. John Hinckley, Jr. was found not guilty of this attempt by reason of insanity. The assassination attempt was a ploy by Hinckley, Jr. to impress the actress Jodie Foster. Brady was the most seriously injured of the 4 who were wounded. He suffered a gunshot wound to the left forehead that traveled through the left frontal lobe, corpus callosum, and then into the right frontal and temporal lobes...
May 22, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522165/a-new-legal-treatment-for-psychopaths-perplexities-for-legal-thinkers
#12
REVIEW
Maria Isabel Gonzalez-Tapia, Ingrid Obsuth, Rachel Heeds
Public perception, fueled not only by popular and news media but also by expert claims that psychopaths are archetypes of evil: incorrigible, remorseless, cold-blooded criminals, whose crimes manifest in the most extreme levels of violence. But is there empirical evidence that psychopaths truly are what they are portrayed to be? If so, should the law respond, and adjust its treatment of psychopaths in court - permitting psychopathy to be admitted under an insanity defense and/or resulting in mitigation? In this paper, we demonstrate that fundamental questions from the law to science remain unanswered and must be addressed before any alternative treatment of psychopathy can be considered...
May 15, 2017: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504041/book-review-disordered-personalities-and-crime-an-analysis-of-the-history-of-moral-insanity-mental-illness-human-rights-and-the-law-mental-health-and-the-criminal-justice-system-a-social-work-perspective-handbook-of-secure-care-and-secure-lives-the-meaning
#13
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472887/enabling-ambipolar-to-heavy-n-type-transport-in-pbs-quantum-dot-solids-through-doping-with-organic-molecules
#14
Mohamad Insan Nugraha, Shohei Kumagai, Shun Watanabe, Mykhailo Sytnyk, Wolfgang Heiss, Maria Antonietta Loi, Jun Takeya
PbS quantum dots (QDs) are remarkable semiconducting materials, which are compatible with low-cost solution-processed electronic device fabrication. Understanding the doping of these materials is one of the great research interests, as it is a necessary step to improve the device performance as well as to enhance the applicability of this system for diverse optoelectronic applications. Here, we report the efficient doping of the PbS QD films with the use of solution-processable organic molecules. By engineering the energy levels of the donor molecules and the PbS QDs through the use of different cross-linking ligands, we are able to control the characteristics of PbS field-effect transistors (FETs) from ambipolar to strongly n-type...
May 31, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468544/-shrouded-in-a-dark-fog-comparison-of-the-diagnosis-of-pellagra-in-venice-and-general-paralysis-of-the-insane-in-the-united-kingdom-1840-1900
#15
Egidio Priani
The debate on the causes and the nature of pellagra in Italy during the nineteenth century resembles and evokes the similar debate on General Paralysis of the Insane (GPI) that was growing at the same time in the United Kingdom. Pellagra and GPI had a massive and virulent impact on the populations of Italy and the UK, respectively, and contributed to a great extent to the increase and overcrowding of the asylum populations in these countries. This article compares the two illnesses by examining the features of their nosographic positioning, aetiology and pathogenesis...
June 2017: History of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450336/books-insane-clown-president-dispatches-from-the-american-circus-hand-in-glove
#16
Adam Staten
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447251/psychiatric-and-neurologic-lessons-in-the-oldest-persian-medical-liber-akhawayani-bokhari-died-983%C3%A2-ad-physician-of-insane
#17
EDITORIAL
Mohammadreza Ardalan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393611/antoine-marie-chambeyron-1797-1851-a-forgotten-disciple-of-jean-etienne-esquirol-1772-1840
#18
Olivier Walusinski
Antoine-Marie Chambeyron (1797-1851) was a disciple of Jean-Etienne Esquirol (1772-1840) that history forgot, undoubtedly because he made no original contribution to psychiatric nosography. In 1827, his interest in the medical-legal status of the insane led him to translate into French and annotate the first medical-legal psychiatric treatise ever published, which was the work of the German philosopher Johann Christoph Hoffbauer (1766-1827). His translation played a role in shaping the French Law of 1838, the first piece of modern legislation aimed at protecting the rights of mental patients and limiting the State's power to confine them arbitrarily...
April 1, 2017: History of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391708/moral-insanity-and-psychological-disorder-the-hybrid-roots-of-psychiatry
#19
David W Jones
This paper traces the significance of the diagnosis of 'moral insanity' (and the related diagnoses of 'monomania' and ' manie sans délire') to the development of psychiatry as a profession in the nineteenth century. The pioneers of psychiatric thought were motivated to explore such diagnoses because they promised public recognition in the high status surroundings of the criminal court. Some success was achieved in presenting a form of expertise that centred on the ability of the experts to detect quite subtle, 'psychological' forms of dangerous madness within the minds of offenders in France and more extensively in England...
April 1, 2017: History of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385299/kick-the-bucket-one-hospital-system-s-journey-to-reduce-clostridium-difficile
#20
Molly Bridget Delaney
PROBLEM: Albert Einstein defines insanity as doing the same thing over again but expecting different results. Although the United States claims to reduce antibiotic abuse, practice strict isolation, and clean meticulously, the burden of Clostridium difficile outpaces goals. Unless innovative approaches are tried, we risk culling elderly, immunosuppressed, and otherwise debilitated populations. Emergency departments are a primary access point for patients who are unable to wait for primary care...
April 3, 2017: Journal of Emergency Nursing: JEN: Official Publication of the Emergency Department Nurses Association
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