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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402114/crime-and-madness-at-the-opposite-shores-of-the-adriatic-moral-insanity-in-italian-and-croatian-psychiatric-discourses
#1
Vanni D'Alessio, Filip Čeč, Heike Karge
In the 19th century, fervid debates arose in the young psychiatric science about how to deal with and to scientifically categorize human behaviour which was perceived as dangerous to society, and as criminal. There were two concepts that stood out in these transnationally held discussions; namely moral insanity and later on, psychopathy. Following recent approaches in the cultural and social history of psychiatry, we understand moral insanity and psychopathy as social constructs, which are determined by the evolution in psychiatric knowledge, and also by laws, codes and social norms of particular historical timeframes...
December 2017: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294790/the-gay-panic-defense-legal-defense-strategy-or-reinforcement-of-homophobia-in-court
#2
Jenna Tomei, Robert J Cramer, Marcus T Boccaccini, Nancy Ryba Panza
Gay panic refers to a heterosexual man violently responding to unwanted sexual advances from a gay man. In court, the defendant may argue he was provoked or temporarily insane. This study utilized 352 jury-eligible citizens to assess differences across mediums of gay panic. Participants were asked to read vignettes depicting a control, gay panic as provocation, or gay panic as insanity condition and provide verdicts and ratings of blame and responsibility. Participants also completed measures assessing political orientation and homonegativity...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282235/the-forensic-mental-health-services-census-of-forensic-populations-in-state-facilities
#3
Joseph D Bloom, David Novosad
This article focuses on the development of a Forensic Mental Health Services Census (FMHSC), proposed to differentiate between five different patient populations institutionalized in state facilities. The FMHSC would comprise patients who are civilly committed for mental illness or sexual dangerousness, those found incompetent to stand trial, those committed after a verdict of not guilty by reason of insanity, and those voluntarily committed. The census would be performed by state mental health authorities for each of these populations within the particular jurisdiction and then would be reported to a national coordinating organization...
December 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275805/from-dental-to-mental-institutions-did-hypoxic-anesthetics-by-dental-associations-add-more-brain-injured-patients-to-america-s-insane-asylums
#4
Matthew L Edwards, George S Bause
Though most patients survived the hypoxic challenge, some patients likely suffered asphyxial brain damage from GQ Colton's nitrous-oxide techniques and were admitted to insane or lunatic asylums.
October 2017: Journal of Anesthesia History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241358/criticisms-of-kraepelin-s-psychiatric-nosology-1896-1927
#5
Kenneth S Kendler, Eric J Engstrom
Emil Kraepelin's psychiatric nosology, proposed in the 5th and 6th editions of his textbook published in 1896 and 1899, did not quickly gain worldwide acceptance, but was instead met with substantial and sustained criticism. The authors review critiques of Kraepelin's work published in his lifetime by Adolf Meyer, Friedrich Jolly, Eugenio Tanzi, Alfred Hoche, Karl Jaspers, and Willy Hellpach. These critics made six major points. First, Kraepelin's new categories of dementia praecox and manic-depressive insanity were too broad and too heterogeneous...
December 15, 2017: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239665/health-and-hierarchy-soldiers-civilians-and-mental-healthcare-in-scotland-1914-34
#6
Jennifer Farquharson
During the First World War injured servicemen were constructed as a better class of patient than civilians, and their care was prioritized in social and political discourses. For the mentally disordered servicemen themselves, however, these distinctions were permeable and transient. This article will challenge the reality of the 'privileged' service patient in civil asylums in Scotland. By examining the impact of the war on asylum structures, economies and patient health, this study will explore exactly which patients were valued in these difficult years...
December 1, 2017: History of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184335/johann-bernhard-aloys-von-gudden-and-the-mad-king-of-bavaria
#7
Kalyan B Bhattacharyya
Bernhard von Gudden was a psychiatrist in Prussia and he was summoned in March 1886 to examine King Ludwig II for his apparently insane activities like, profligate spending and erratic behaviour. A team of four estimable psychiatrists pronounced that he was not capable ruling. Consequently, he was dethroned and kept in a castle under supervision of von Gudden. Gudden championed the idea of 'no restraint' and advocated free movement of insane persons and one evening in June, he accompanied the King during an evening stroll to a lake...
October 2017: Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182060/book-review-madness-in-civilization-a-cultural-history-of-insanity-madness-in-civilization-a-cultural-history-of-insanity-scull-andrew-princeton-university-press-princeton-nj-2015-448-pp-isbn-978-0-691-17344-3-pbk
#8
Sidney Bloch
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178452/insane-sex-offenders-psychiatric-and-legal-characteristics-of-sexual-offenders-found-not-guilty-by-reason-of-insanity
#9
Brian J Holoyda, Barbara E McDermott, William J Newman
There is little known about sexual offenders hospitalized under forensic commitment statutes such as not guilty by reason of insanity (NGRI). We conducted a chart review to delineate the demographic, clinical, and legal characteristics of NGRI sexual offenders (n = 68) committed to the California Department of State Hospitals-Napa, including 41 found NGRI for a sexual offense and 27 found NGRI for a nonsexual offense. The two groups did not differ significantly in their demographics, psychiatric diagnoses, victim characteristics, or recidivism risk as measured by the Static-99R...
November 27, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165678/the-genealogy-of-dementia-praecox-i-signs-and-symptoms-of-delusional-psychoses-from-1880-to-1900
#10
Kenneth S Kendler
We can trace, with high congruence, the clinical syndromes of depression and mania as described over the 20th century in psychiatric textbooks back to 1880 and to the earliest writing of Kraepelin published in 1883. However, this is not the case for Kraepelin's 2 delusional syndromes central to his overall nosology: Dementia Paranoides (later paranoid schizophrenia) and Paranoia. A detailed examination of 28 textbook descriptions of delusional psychoses from 1880 to 1900 reveals a diverse and partially overlapping set of syndromes with an admixture of symptoms and signs that would later be considered indicative of Dementia Paranoides and Paranoia...
November 19, 2017: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151087/ganser-syndrome
#11
Sebastian Dieguez
Ganser's syndrome is a rare and controversial condition, whose main and most striking feature is the production of approximate answers (or near misses) to very simple questions. For instance, asked how many legs a horse has, Ganser patients will reply "5", and answers to plain arithmetic questions will likewise be wrong, but only slightly off the mark (e.g., 2 + 2 = 3). This symptom was originally described by Sigbert Ganser in 1897 in prisoners on remand and labeled Vorbeigehen ("to pass by"), although the term Vorbeireden ("to talk beside the point") is also frequently used...
2018: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134852/psychosis-and-sexual-offending-a-review-of-current-literature
#12
E Thomas Lewis, R Gregg Dwyer
Sexual offending is a public health concern and societal risk requiring a multi-disciplinary approach. While current data give an indication of the frequency of sexual victimization, these figures likely underestimate the severity of the concern as many of these incidents go unreported. And while sex offender research has increased over the past several decades, particular attention to those offenders with severe mental illness remains limited. In this descriptive review, literature describing sex offenders with psychotic disorders is explored with a focus on recent research...
November 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130373/book-review-youval-rotman-insanity-and-sanctity-in-byzantium-the-ambiguity-of-religious-experience-rotman-youval-insanity-and-sanctity-in-byzantium-the-ambiguity-of-religious-experience-harvard-university-press-cambridge-ma-2016-256-pp-9780674057616-29-95-hbk
#13
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130372/-motility-psychoses-by-erik-str%C3%A3-mgren-1940
#14
German E Berrios, Johan Schioldann
The motility psychoses are a group of acute psychiatric conditions characterized by salient disorders of movement (increased, decreased and disorganized), psychotic experiences, confusion and good prognosis. The debate on whether they are just atypical forms of schizophrenia or manic-depressive insanity or constitute an independent group of psychoses has not yet been settled. Erik Strömgren's classical chapter deals with the history and clinical aspects of the motility psychoses. Based on a historical analysis and an empirical study of a patient cohort, the author draws conclusions on the nature of this clinical group that has stood the test of time well...
December 2017: History of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071421/effect-of-drug-loaded-tio2-nanotube-arrays-on-osseointegration-in-an-orthodontic-miniscrew-an-in-vivo-pilot-study
#15
Insan Jang, Dong-Soon Choi, Jae-Kwan Lee, Wan-Tae Kim, Bong-Kuen Cha, Won-Youl Choi
Osseointegration was evaluated for the surface of miniscrews with TiO2 nanotube arrays containing drugs in this in-vivo study. The diameter and length of the TiO2 nanotube arrays were about 70 nm and 5 μm, respectively. Recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2) or ibuprofen was loaded in the TiO2 nanotube arrays with 12 miniscrews. The 12 drug-loaded miniscrews, 6 miniscrews with no drug-loaded TiO2 nanotube arrays and 6 conventional miniscrews, were placed on the tibias of New Zealand white rabbits...
October 25, 2017: Biomedical Microdevices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043155/catatonia-as-a-putative-nosological-entity-a-historical-sketch
#16
REVIEW
Gábor Gazdag, Rozalia Takács, Gabor S Ungvari
Kahlbaum was the first to propose catatonia as a separate disease following the example of general paresis of the insane, which served as a model for establishing a nosological entity. However, Kahlbaum was uncertain about the nosological position of catatonia and considered it a syndrome, or "a temporary stage or a part of a complex picture of various disease forms". Until recently, the issue of catatonia as a separate diagnostic category was not entertained, mainly due to a misinterpretation of Kraepelin's influential views on catatonia as a subtype of schizophrenia...
September 22, 2017: World Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987051/financing-of-forensic-psychiatry-in-view-of-treatment-quality-and-threat-to-public-safety
#17
REVIEW
Janusz Heitzman, Inga Markiewicz
Stay in a psychiatric hospital of persons who committed the gravest criminal acts while in a state of insanity aims to ensure their effective treatment (therapeutic function), but above all to prevent the repetition of prohibited acts of significant harm to the community (preventive function). Forensic patients are provided with suitable medical, psychiatric, rehabilitation and resocialization care. The court imposes an indefinite detention. In view of the dual purpose of the stay in a psychiatric hospital, both therapeutic and preventive, the treatment costs generated by forensic wards are higher than those of general psychiatric wards...
August 29, 2017: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976244/yorkshire-s-influence-on-the-understanding-and-treatment-of-mental-diseases-in-victorian-britain-the-golden-triad-of-york-wakefield-and-leeds
#18
Henry R Rollin, Edward H Reynolds
In the late-eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, a more humane approach to the care of the insane in Britain was catalyzed in part by the illness of King George III. The Reform Movement envisaged "moral" treatment in asylums in pleasant rural environments, but these aspirations were overwhelmed by industrialization, urbanization, and the scale of the need, such that most asylums became gigantic institutions for chronic insanity. Three institutions in Yorkshire remained beacons of enlightenment in the general gloom of Victorian alienism: the Retreat in York founded and developed by the Quaker Tuke family; the West Riding Lunatic Asylum in Wakefield led by Sir James Crichton-Browne, which initiated research into brain and mental diseases; and the Leeds Medical School and Wakefield axis associated with Sir Thomas Clifford Allbutt, which pioneered teaching of mental diseases and, later, the first Chair of Psychiatry...
October 4, 2017: Journal of the History of the Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931447/psychopathology-of-terrorists
#19
Armando Piccinni, Donatella Marazziti, Antonello Veltri
Terrorist behavior represents a subtype of human aggression probably determined by a combination of biological, psychological, and social factors, as well as by peculiar environmental influences and group dynamics. As regards terrorists' psychological characteristics, the available studies (mostly carried out with no sound scientific design) have failed to identify the common or typical pathological personality traits of modern terrorists. The popular opinion that terrorists must be insane or psychopathic is still widespread; however, no evidence exists that terrorist behavior may be caused either by prior or current psychiatric disorders or psychopathy...
September 21, 2017: CNS Spectrums
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899189/book-review-insanity-and-sanctity-in-byzantium-the-ambiguity-of-religious-experience-insanity-and-sanctity-in-byzantium-the-ambiguity-of-religious-experience-by-rotman-youval-cambridge-harvard-university-press-2016-xii-256-pp-39-95-hardcover
#20
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