keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Ins 1e

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768204/an-amphipathic-helix-directs-cellular-membrane-curvature-sensing-and-function-of-the-bar-domain-protein-pick1
#1
Rasmus Herlo, Viktor K Lund, Matthew D Lycas, Anna M Jansen, George Khelashvili, Rita C Andersen, Vikram Bhatia, Thomas S Pedersen, Pedro B C Albornoz, Niklaus Johner, Ina Ammendrup-Johnsen, Nikolaj R Christensen, Simon Erlendsson, Mikkel Stoklund, Jannik B Larsen, Harel Weinstein, Ole Kjærulff, Dimitrios Stamou, Ulrik Gether, Kenneth L Madsen
BAR domains are dimeric protein modules that sense, induce, and stabilize lipid membrane curvature. Here, we show that membrane curvature sensing (MCS) directs cellular localization and function of the BAR domain protein PICK1. In PICK1, and the homologous proteins ICA69 and arfaptin2, we identify an amphipathic helix N-terminal to the BAR domain that mediates MCS. Mutational disruption of the helix in PICK1 impaired MCS without affecting membrane binding per se. In insulin-producing INS-1E cells, super-resolution microscopy revealed that disruption of the helix selectively compromised PICK1 density on insulin granules of high curvature during their maturation...
May 15, 2018: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727614/3d-super-resolution-microscopy-reflects-mitochondrial-cristae-alternations-and-mtdna-nucleoid-size-and-distribution
#2
Andrea Dlasková, Hana Engstová, Tomáš Špaček, Anežka Kahancová, Vojtěch Pavluch, Katarína Smolková, Jitka Špačková, Martin Bartoš, Lydie Plecitá Hlavatá, Petr Ježek
3D super-resolution microscopy based on the direct stochastic optical reconstruction microscopy (dSTORM) with primary Alexa-Fluor-647-conjugated antibodies is a powerful method for accessing changes of objects that could be normally resolved only by electron microscopy. Despite the fact that mitochondrial cristae yet to become resolved, we have indicated changes in cristae width and/or morphology by dSTORM of ATP-synthase F1 subunit α (F1 α). Obtained 3D images were analyzed with the help of Ripley's K-function modeling spatial patterns or transferring them into distance distribution function...
May 1, 2018: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723130/trefoil-factor-3-in-perinatal-pancreas-is-increased-by-gestational-low-protein-diet-and-associated-with-accelerated-%C3%AE-cell-maturation
#3
Louise Winkel, Annika Bagge, Louise Larsen, Tobias N Haase, Morten Rasmussen, Jeanette Lykke, Dennis B Holmgaard, Lars Thim, Jens H Nielsen, Louise T Dalgaard
The endocrine pancreas expands markedly in the first postnatal days and the insulin producing β-cells initiate a functional maturation preceded by a morphological change of the islets of Langerhans. Trefoil factor 3 (TFF3) is a secreted peptide expressed in intestinal epithelia, where it promotes migration, but its role in the pancreas is not characterized. The aim of this study was to examine the expression and function of TFF3 in perinatal rat pancreas, ex vivo cultured fetal rat pancreas and in the rat β-cell line INS-1E...
May 3, 2018: Islets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671177/tri-modal-in-vivo-imaging-of-pancreatic-islets-transplanted-subcutaneously-in-mice
#4
Sayuan Liang, Karim Louchami, Bryan Holvoet, Rein Verbeke, Christophe M Deroose, Bella Manshian, Stefaan J Soenen, Ine Lentacker, Uwe Himmelreich
PURPOSE: Transplantation of pancreatic islets (PIs) is a promising therapeutic approach for type 1 diabetes. The main obstacle for this strategy is that the outcome of islet engraftment depends on the engraftment site. It was our aim to develop a strategy for using non-invasive imaging techniques to assess the location and fate of transplanted PIs longitudinally in vivo. PROCEDURES: In order to overcome the limitations of individual imaging techniques and cross-validate findings by different modalities, we have combined fluorine magnetic resonance imaging (F-19 MRI), fluorescence imaging (FLI), and bioluminescent imaging (BLI) for studying subcutaneously transplanted PIs and beta cell-like cells (INS-1E cell line) in vivo...
April 18, 2018: Molecular Imaging and Biology: MIB: the Official Publication of the Academy of Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29485914/streptozotocin-induced-autophagy-reduces-intracellular-insulin-in-insulinoma-ins-1e-cells
#5
Yeong-Min Yoo, Yung Chul Park
Streptozotocin (STZ), a glucose analog, induces diabetes in experimental animals by inducing preferential cytotoxicity in pancreatic beta cells. We investigated whether STZ reduced the production of intracellular insulin through autophagy in insulinoma INS-1E cells. Typically, 2 mM STZ treatment for 24 h significantly decreased cell survival. STZ treatment led to significant decrease in phospho-AMP-activated protein kinase (p-AMPK) level; reduction in levels of phospho-protein kinase R-like endoplasmic reticulum kinase (PERK) and inositol-requiring enzyme 1α (IRE1α); significant reduction in levels of p85α, p110, phospho-serine and threonine kinase/protein kinase B (p-Akt/PKB) (Ser473), phospho-extracellular-regulated kinase (p-ERK), and phospho-mammalian target of rapamycin (p-mTOR); increase in levels of Cu/Zn-superoxide dismutase (SOD), Mn-SOD, and catalase; decrease in B-cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl-2) expression; increase in Bcl-2-associated X protein (Bax) expression; increase in levels of microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3 (LC3) and Beclin 1; and reduction in production of intracellular insulin...
March 2018: DNA and Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449530/the-type-2-diabetes-associated-hmg20a-gene-is-mandatory-for-islet-beta-cell-functional-maturity
#6
Jose M Mellado-Gil, Esther Fuente-Martín, Petra I Lorenzo, Nadia Cobo-Vuilleumier, Livia López-Noriega, Alejandro Martín-Montalvo, Irene de Gracia Herrera Gómez, Maria Ceballos-Chávez, Laura Gómez-Jaramillo, Antonio Campos-Caro, Silvana Y Romero-Zerbo, Júlia Rodríguez-Comas, Joan-Marc Servitja, Gemma Rojo-Martinez, Abdelkrim Hmadcha, Bernat Soria, Marco Bugliani, Piero Marchetti, Francisco J Bérmudez-Silva, Jose C Reyes, Manuel Aguilar-Diosdado, Benoit R Gauthier
HMG20A (also known as iBRAF) is a chromatin factor involved in neuronal differentiation and maturation. Recently small nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the HMG20A gene have been linked to type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) yet neither expression nor function of this T2DM candidate gene in islets is known. Herein we demonstrate that HMG20A is expressed in both human and mouse islets and that levels are decreased in islets of T2DM donors as compared to islets from non-diabetic donors. In vitro studies in mouse and human islets demonstrated that glucose transiently increased HMG20A transcript levels, a result also observed in islets of gestating mice...
February 15, 2018: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29421520/mesenchymal-stem-cell-msc-mediated-survival-of-insulin-producing-pancreatic-%C3%AE-cells-during-cellular-stress-involves-signalling-via-akt-and-erk1-2
#7
Chune Liu, Weiwei Zhang, Natia Peradze, Leonie Lang, Jan Straetener, Peter J Feilen, Marcus Alt, Christina Jäger, Katharina Laubner, Nikolaos Perakakis, Jochen Seufert, Günter Päth
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) are of interest for cell therapy since their secreted factors mediate immunomodulation and support tissue regeneration. This study investigated the direct humoral interactions between MSC and pancreatic β-cells using human telomerase-immortalized MSC (hMSC-TERT) and rat insulinoma-derived INS-1E β-cells. hMSC-TERT supported survival of cocultured INS-1E β-cells during cellular stress by alloxan (ALX) and streptozotocin (STZ), but not in response to IL-1β. Accordingly, hMSC-TERT had no effect on inflammatory cytokine-related signalling via NF-kB and p-JNK but maintained p-Akt and upregulated p-ERK1/2...
February 5, 2018: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29375041/chronic-orexin-a-hypocretin-1-treatment-of-type-2-diabetic-rats-improves-glucose-control-and-beta-cell-functions
#8
P Kaczmarek, M Skrzypski, E Pruszynska-Oszmalek, M Sassek, P A Kolodziejski, M Billert, D Szczepankiewicz, T Wojciechowicz, P Maechler, K W Nowak, M Z Strowski
Orexin regulates food intake and energy expenditure. Here, we test the ability of orexin-A (OXA, hypocretin-1) at improving metabolic control in type 2 diabetic animals and elaborate potential mechanisms of action. Rats with experimentally induced type 2 diabetes by a combination of streptozotocin injection and high-fat diet feeding were chronically infused with OXA. In vitro experiments were conducted on isolated pancreatic islets, primary adipocytes and insulin secreting INS-1E cells. OXA improved glucose control, enhanced insulin sensitivity and attenuated pancreatic β-cell loss in type 2 diabetic rats...
October 2017: Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology: An Official Journal of the Polish Physiological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373526/the-dynamic-effects-of-isosteviol-on-insulin-secretion-and-its-inability-to-counteract-the-impaired-%C3%AE-cell-function-during-gluco-lipo-and-aminoacidotoxicity-studies-in-vitro
#9
Wenqian Gu, Andreas Rebsdorf, Kjeld Hermansen, Søren Gregersen, Per Bendix Jeppesen
Isosteviol (ISV), a diterpene molecule, is an isomer of the backbone structure of a group of substances with proven antidiabetic capabilities. The aim of this study was to investigate if ISV elicits dynamic insulin release from pancreatic islets and concomitantly is able to ameliorate gluco-, lipo-, and aminoacidotoxicity in clonal β-cell line (INS-1E) in relation to cell viability and insulin secretion. Isolated mice islets placed into perifusion chambers were perifused with 3.3 mM and 16.7 mM glucose with/without 10-7 M ISV...
January 26, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298842/pick1-is-essential-for-insulin-production-and-the-maintenance-of-glucose-homeostasis
#10
Jia Li, Zhuo Mao, Jiandong Huang, Jun Xia
Protein interacting with C-kinase 1 (PICK1) is a peripheral membrane protein that controls insulin granule formation, trafficking, and maturation in INS-1E cells. However, global Pick1 -knockout mice showed only a subtle diabetes-like phenotype. This raises the possibility that compensatory effects from tissues other than pancreatic beta cells may obscure the effects of insulin deficiency. To explore the role of PICK1 in pancreatic islets, we generated mice harboring a conditional Pick1 allele in a C57BL/6J background...
March 1, 2018: Molecular Biology of the Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184000/a-subclass-of-serum-anti-znt8-antibodies-directed-to-the-surface-of-live-pancreatic-%C3%AE-cells
#11
Chengfeng Merriman, Qiong Huang, Wei Gu, Liping Yu, Dax Fu
The islet-specific zinc transporter ZnT8 is a major self-antigen found in insulin granules of pancreatic β-cells. Frequent insulin secretion exposes ZnT8 to the cell surface, but the humoral antigenicity of the surface-displayed ZnT8 remains unknown. Here we show that a membrane-embedded human ZnT8 antigen triggered a vigorous immune response in ZnT8 knock-out mice. Approximately 50% of serum immunoreactivities toward ZnT8 were mapped to its transmembrane domain that is accessible to extracellular ZnT8 antibody (ZnT8A)...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078993/distinguishing-signal-from-autofluorescence-in-cryogenic-correlated-light-and-electron-microscopy-of-mammalian-cells
#12
Stephen D Carter, Shrawan K Mageswaran, Zachary J Farino, João I Mamede, Catherine M Oikonomou, Thomas J Hope, Zachary Freyberg, Grant J Jensen
In cryogenic correlated light and electron microscopy (cryo-CLEM), frozen targets of interest are identified and located on EM grids by fluorescence microscopy and then imaged at higher resolution by cryo-EM. Whilst working with these methods, we discovered that a variety of mammalian cells exhibit strong punctate autofluorescence when imaged under cryogenic conditions (80 K). Autofluorescence originated from multilamellar bodies (MLBs) and secretory granules. Here we describe a method to distinguish fluorescent protein tags from these autofluorescent sources based on the narrower emission spectrum of the former...
January 2018: Journal of Structural Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051320/combinatorial-treatment-with-mtor-inhibitors-and-streptozotocin-leads-to-synergistic-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-antitumor-effects-in-insulinoma-cells
#13
Julien Bollard, Céline Patte, Patrick Massoma, Isabelle Goddard, Nicolas Gadot, Noura Benslama, Valérie Hervieu, Carole Ferraro-Peyret, Martine Cordier-Bussat, Jean-Yves Scoazec, Colette Roche, Thomas Walter, Cécile Vercherat
Streptozotocin-based chemotherapy is the first-line chemotherapy recommended for advanced pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (pNETs), whereas targeted therapies, including mTOR inhibitors, are available in second-line treatment. Unfortunately, objective response rates to both treatments are limited. Because mTOR pathway activation, commonly observed in pNETs, has been reported as one of the major mechanisms accounting for chemoresistance, we investigated the potential benefit of mTOR inhibition combined with streptozotocin treatment in a subset of pNETs, namely insulinomas...
January 2018: Molecular Cancer Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046394/recombinant-human-islet-amyloid-polypeptide-forms-shorter-fibrils-and-mediates-%C3%AE-cell-apoptosis-via-generation-of-oxidative-stress
#14
Richa Dubey, Pooja Minj, Nikita Malik, Devika M Sardesai, Shruti H Kulkarni, Jhankar D Acharya, Neel Sarovar Bhavesh, Shilpy Sharma, Ashutosh Kumar
Protein misfolding and aggregation play an important role in many human diseases including Alzheimer's, Parkinson's and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The human islet amyloid polypeptide (hIAPP) forms amyloid plaques in the pancreas of T2DM subjects (>95%) that are involved in deteriorating islet function and in mediating β - cell apoptosis. However, the detailed mechanism of action, structure and nature of toxic hIAPP species responsible for this effect remains elusive to date mainly due to the high cost associated with the chemical synthesis of pure peptide required for these studies...
November 16, 2017: Biochemical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044173/palmitate-induced-lipotoxicity-alters-acetylation-of-multiple-proteins-in-clonal-%C3%AE-cells-and-human-pancreatic-islets
#15
Federica Ciregia, Marco Bugliani, Maurizio Ronci, Laura Giusti, Claudia Boldrini, Maria R Mazzoni, Sandra Mossuto, Francesca Grano, Miriam Cnop, Lorella Marselli, Gino Giannaccini, Andrea Urbani, Antonio Lucacchini, Piero Marchetti
Type 2 diabetes is characterized by progressive β cell dysfunction, with lipotoxicity playing a possible pathogenetic role. Palmitate is often used to examine the direct effects of lipotoxicity and it may cause mitochondrial alterations by activating protein acetylation. However, it is unknown whether palmitate influences protein acetylation in β cells. We investigated lysine acetylation in mitochondrial proteins from INS-1E β cells (INS-1E) and in proteins from human pancreatic islets (HPI) after 24 h palmitate exposure...
October 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993191/the-anti-aging-protein-klotho-is-induced-by-gaba-therapy-and-exerts-protective-and-stimulatory-effects-on-pancreatic-beta-cells
#16
Gérald J Prud'homme, Yelena Glinka, Merve Kurt, Wenjuan Liu, Qinghua Wang
Systemic gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) therapy prevents or ameliorates type 1 diabetes (T1D), by suppressing autoimmune responses and stimulating pancreatic beta cells. In beta cells, it increases insulin secretion, prevents apoptosis, and induces regeneration. It is unclear how GABA mediates these effects. We hypothesized that Klotho is involved. It is a multi-functional protein expressed in the kidneys, brain, pancreatic beta cells, other tissues, and is cell-bound or soluble. Klotho knockout mice display accelerated aging, and in humans Klotho circulating levels decline with age, renal disease and diabetes...
December 2, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990659/persistence-of-stat-1-inhibition-and-induction-of-cytokine-resistance-in-pancreatic-%C3%AE-cells-treated-with-st-john-s-wort-and-its-component-hyperforin
#17
Michela Novelli, Pascale Beffy, Alex Gregorelli, Svetlana Porozov, Fabrizio Mascia, Chiara Vantaggiato, Pellegrino Masiello, Marta Menegazzi
OBJECTIVES: St John's wort extract (SJW) and its component hyperforin (HPF) were shown to potently inhibit cytokine-induced STAT-1 and NF-κB activation in pancreatic β cells and protect them against injury. This study aimed at exploring the time course of STAT-1 inhibition afforded by these natural compounds in the β-cell line INS-1E. METHODS: INS-1E cells were pre-incubated with SJW extract (2-5 μg/ml) or HPF (0.5-2 μm) and then exposed to a cytokine mixture...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983714/a-novel-phenylchromane-derivative-increases-the-rate-of-glucose-uptake-in-l6-myotubes-and-augments-insulin-secretion-from-pancreatic-beta-cells-by-activating-ampk
#18
Naomi Rozentul, Yosef Avrahami, Moran Shubely, Laura Levy, Anna Munder, Guy Cohen, Erol Cerasi, Shlomo Sasson, Arie Gruzman
PURPOSE: A series of novel polycyclic aromatic compounds that augment the rate of glucose uptake in L6 myotubes and increase glucose-stimulated insulin secretion from beta-cells were synthesized. Designing these molecules, we have aimed at the two main pathogenic mechanisms of T2D, deficient insulin secretion and diminished glucose clearance. The ultimate purpose of this work was to create a novel antidiabetic drug candidate with bi-functional mode of action. METHODS: All presented compounds were synthesized, and characterized in house...
December 2017: Pharmaceutical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968600/the-h-k-atpase-inhibitor-sch-28080-inhibits-insulin-secretion-and-induces-cell-death-in-ins-1e-rat-insulinoma-cells
#19
Martin Jakab, Nina Ketterl, Johannes Fürst, Marlena Beyreis, Michael Kittl, Tobias Kiesslich, Cornelia Hauser-Kronberger, Martin Gaisberger, Markus Ritter
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Glucose-stimulated insulin secretion (GSIS) of pancreatic β-cells involves glucose uptake and metabolism, closure of KATP channels and depolarization of the cell membrane potential (Vmem), activation of voltage-activated Ca2+ currents (ICav) and influx of Ca2+, which eventually triggers hormone exocytosis. Beside this classical pathway, KATP-independent mechanisms such as changes in intracellular pH (pHi) or cell volume, which also affect β-cell viability, can elicit or modify insulin release...
2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911206/identification-of-the-molecular-dysfunction-caused-by-glutamate-dehydrogenase-s445l-mutation-responsible-for-hyperinsulinism-hyperammonemia
#20
Mariagrazia Grimaldi, Melis Karaca, Livia Latini, Estelle Brioudes, Thomas Schalch, Pierre Maechler
Congenital hyperinsulinism/hyperammonemia (HI/HA) syndrome gives rise to unregulated protein-induced insulin secretion from pancreatic beta-cells, fasting hypoglycemia and elevated plasma ammonia levels. Mutations associated with HI/HA were identified in the Glud1 gene, encoding for glutamate dehydrogenase (GDH). We aimed at identifying the molecular causes of dysregulation in insulin secretion and ammonia production conferred by the most frequent HI/HA mutation Ser445Leu. Following transduction with adenoviruses carrying the human GDH-wild type or GDH-S445L-mutant gene, immunoblotting showed efficient expression of the transgenes in all the investigated cell types...
September 15, 2017: Human Molecular Genetics
keyword
keyword
46765
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"