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Tomohiro Segawa, Kaoru Hazeki, Kiyomi Nigorikawa, Atsuko Nukuda, Tomoki Tanizawa, Kenshiro Miyamoto, Shin Morioka, Osamu Hazeki
The relative abundance of phosphoinositide (PI) species on the phagosome membrane fluctuates over the course of phagocytosis. PtdIns(3,4,5)P3 and PtdIns(3,4)P2 rapidly increase in the forming of the phagocytic cup, following which they disappear after sealing of the cup. In the present study, we monitored the clearance of these PI species using the enhanced green fluorescent protein-fused pleckstrin homology domain of Akt, a fluorescence probe that binds both PtdIns(3,4,5)P3 and PtdIns(3,4)P2 in Raw 264.7 macrophages...
May 2017: Innate Immunity
Sufyan G Sayyed, François Jouret, Marjorie Vermeersch, David Pérez-Morga, Stéphane Schurmans
The microvillus brush border on the renal proximal tubule epithelium allows the controlled reabsorption of solutes that are filtered through the glomerulus and thus participates in general body homeostasis. Here, using the lipid 5-phosphatase Ship2 global knockout mice, proximal tubule-specific Ship2 knockout mice, and a proximal tubule cell model in which SHIP2 is inactivated, we show that SHIP2 is a negative regulator of microvilli formation, thereby controlling solute reabsorption by the proximal tubule...
March 13, 2017: Kidney International
Miki Fukumoto, Takeshi Ijuin, Tadaomi Takenawa
Phosphoinositides play pivotal roles in the regulation of cancer cell phenotypes. Among them, phosphatidylinositol 3,4-bisphosphate (PI(3,4)P2 ) localizes to the invadopodia, and positively regulates tumor cell invasion. In this study, we examined the effect of PI(3,4)P2 on focal adhesion dynamics in MDA-MB-231 basal breast cancer cells. Knockdown of SHIP2, a phosphatidylinositol 3,4,5-trisphosphatase (PIP3 ) 5-phosphatase that generates PI(3,4)P2 , in MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells, induced the development of focal adhesions and cell spreading, leading to the suppression of invasion...
March 1, 2017: Cancer Science
Yan Ye, Xue Yi Qian, Miao Miao Xiao, Yu Ling Shao, Li Mei Guo, Dong Ping Liao, Jie Da, Lin Jie Zhang, Jiegou Xu
Past studies have shown that the Src homology 2-containing inositol 5-phosphatase 2 (SHIP2) is commonly downregulated in gastric cancer, which contributes to elevated activation of PI3K/Akt signaling, proliferation and tumorigenesis of gastric cancer cells. However, the mechanisms underlying the reduced expression of SHIP2 in gastric cancer remain unclear. While gene copy number variation analysis and exon sequencing indicated the absence of genomic alterations of SHIP2, bisulfite genomic sequencing (BGS) showed promoter hypomethylation of SHIP2 in gastric cancer cells...
January 22, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Aline Awad, Ama Gassama-Diagne
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infects hepatocytes, polarized cells in the liver. Chronic HCV infection often leads to steatosis, fibrosis, cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma, and it has been identified as the leading cause of liver transplantation worldwide. The HCV replication cycle is dependent on lipid metabolism and particularly an accumulation of lipid droplets in host cells. Phosphoinositides (PIs) are minor phospholipids enriched in different membranes and their levels are tightly regulated by specific PI kinases and phosphatases...
January 8, 2017: World Journal of Hepatology
Ola Hamze-Komaiha, Sokavuth Sarr, Yannick Arlot-Bonnemains, Didier Samuel, Ama Gassama-Diagne
Lumen formation during epithelial morphogenesis requires the creation of a luminal space at cell interfaces named apical membrane-initiation sites (AMISs). This is dependent upon integrated signaling from mechanical and biochemical cues, vesicle trafficking, cell division, and processes tightly coupled to ciliogenesis. Deciphering relationships between polarity determinants and lumen or cilia generation remains a fundamental issue. Here, we report that Src homology 2 domain-containing inositol 5-phosphatase 2 (SHIP2), a basolateral determinant of polarity, regulates RhoA-dependent actin contractility and cell division to form AMISs...
December 6, 2016: Cell Reports
Mark P Thomas, Christophe Erneux, Barry V L Potter
SHIP2 is a phosphatase that acts at the 5-position of phosphatidylinositol 3,4,5-trisphosphate. It is one of several enzymes that catalyse dephosphorylation at the 5-position of phosphoinositides or inositol phosphates. SHIP2 has a confirmed role in opsismodysplasia, a disease of bone development, but also interacts with proteins involved in insulin signalling, cytoskeletal function (thus having an impact on endocytosis, adhesion, proliferation and apoptosis) and immune system function. The structure of three domains (constituting about 38 % of the protein) is known...
November 30, 2016: Chembiochem: a European Journal of Chemical Biology
Tae-In Kam, Hyejin Park, Youngdae Gwon, Sungmin Song, Seo-Hyun Kim, Seo Won Moon, Dong-Gyu Jo, Yong-Keun Jung
Amyloid-β (Aβ)-containing extracellular plaques and hyperphosphorylated tau-loaded intracellular neurofibrillary tangles are neuropathological hallmarks of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Although Aβ exerts neuropathogenic activity through tau, the mechanistic link between Aβ and tau pathology remains unknown. Here, we showed that the FcγRIIb-SHIP2 axis is critical in Aβ1-42-induced tau pathology. Fcgr2b knockout or antagonistic FcγRIIb antibody inhibited Aβ1-42-induced tau hyperphosphorylation and rescued memory impairments in AD mouse models...
November 11, 2016: ELife
Flavia A Mercurio, Marilisa Leone
BACKGROUND: Eph receptors play important functions in developmental processes and diseases and among them EphA2 is well known for its controversial role in cancer. Drug discovery strategies are mainly centered on EphA2 extracellular ligand-binding domain however, the receptor also contains a largely unexplored cytosolic Sam (Sterile alpha motif) domain at the C-terminus. EphA2-Sam binds the Sam domain from the lipid phosphatase Ship2 and the first Sam domain of Odin. Sam-Sam interactions may be important to regulate ligand-induced receptor endocytosis and degradation i...
2016: Current Medicinal Chemistry
Elmer Hoekstra, Asha M Das, Marcella Willemsen, Marloes Swets, Peter J K Kuppen, Christien J van der Woude, Marco J Bruno, Jigisha P Shah, Timo L M Ten Hagen, John D Chisholm, William G Kerr, Maikel P Peppelenbosch, Gwenny M Fuhler
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the second most common cause of cancer-related death, encouraging the search for novel therapeutic targets affecting tumor cell proliferation and migration. These cellular processes are under tight control of two opposing groups of enzymes; kinases and phosphatases. Aberrant activity of kinases is observed in many forms of cancer and as phosphatases counteract such "oncogenic" kinases, it is generally assumed that phosphatases function as tumor suppressors. However, emerging evidence suggests that the lipid phosphatase SH2-domain-containing 5 inositol phosphatase (SHIP2), encoded by the INPPL1 gene, may act as an oncogene...
November 8, 2016: Oncotarget
Anaïs Fradet, Jamie Fitzgerald
The INPPL1 (inositol polyphosphate phosphatase-like 1) gene encodes the inositol phosphatase, SHIP2 (for src homology 2 domain-containing inositol phosphatase 2). SHIP2 functions to dephosphorylate, and negatively regulate, the lipid second messenger phosphatidylinositol (3,4,5)P3. SHIP2 has been well studied in the area of insulin resistance and obesity but has roles in cancer and other disorders. Recently, it was reported that mutations in INPPL1 cause opsismodysplasia, a rare, autosomal recessive severe skeletal dysplasia...
February 2017: Journal of Human Genetics
Charles V Rajadurai, Serhiy Havrylov, Paula P Coelho, Colin D H Ratcliffe, Kossay Zaoui, Bruce H Huang, Anie Monast, Naila Chughtai, Veena Sangwan, Frank B Gertler, Peter M Siegel, Morag Park
Invadopodia are specialized membrane protrusions that support degradation of extracellular matrix (ECM) by cancer cells, allowing invasion and metastatic spread. Although early stages of invadopodia assembly have been elucidated, little is known about maturation of invadopodia into structures competent for ECM proteolysis. The localized conversion of phosphatidylinositol(3,4,5)-triphosphate and accumulation of phosphatidylinositol(3,4)-bisphosphate at invadopodia is a key determinant for invadopodia maturation...
September 12, 2016: Journal of Cell Biology
William's Elong Edimo, Ana Raquel Ramos, Somadri Ghosh, Jean-Marie Vanderwinden, Christophe Erneux
The phosphoinositide 5-phosphatases consist of several enzymes that have been shown to modulate cell migration and invasion. SHIP2, one family member, is known to interact with growth factor receptors and cytoskeletal proteins. In a human model of glioblastoma 1321 N1 cells, we recently identified Myo1c as a new interactor of SHIP2. This was shown in a complex of proteins also containing filamin A. We show here that SHIP2 localization at lamellipodia and ruffles is impaired in Myo1c depleted cells. In the absence of Myo1c, N1 cells tend to associate to form clusters...
August 5, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Cori Feist, Paul Holden, Jamie Fitzgerald
This study aimed to identify the genetic basis of a severe skeletal lethal dysplasia. The main clinical features of two affected fetuses included short limbs with flared metaphyses, bowed radii, femora and tibiae, irregular ossification of hands and feet, and marked platyspondyly. Affected and nonaffected family members were subjected to whole-exome sequencing, followed by immunoblot analysis on amniocytes isolated from one of the affected individuals. Unique compound heterozygous variants in the inositol polyphosphate phosphatase-like 1 (INPPL1) gene encoding the SHIP2 protein were identified in both affected individuals...
October 2016: Clinical Dysmorphology
Johanne Le Coq, Luis Heredia Gallego, Daniel Lietha
The Src homology 2 containing inositol 5-phosphatase 2 (SHIP2) catalyses the dephosphorylation of the phospholipid phosphatidylinositol 3,4,5-triphosphate (PI(3,4,5)P3) to form PI(3,4)P2. PI(3,4,5)P3 is a key lipid second messenger, which can recruit signalling proteins to the plasma membrane and subsequently initiate numerous downstream signalling pathways responsible for the regulation of a plethora of cellular events such as proliferation, growth, apoptosis and cytoskeletal rearrangements. SHIP2 has been heavily implicated with several serious diseases such as cancer and type 2 diabetes but its regulation remains poorly understood...
June 2016: Protein Journal
Liqun Zhang, Susmita Borthakur, Matthias Buck
The process of protein complex dissociation remains to be understood at the atomic level of detail. Computers now allow microsecond timescale molecular-dynamics simulations, which make the visualization of such processes possible. Here, we investigated the dissociation process of the EphA2-SHIP2 SAM-SAM domain heterodimer complex using unrestrained all-atom molecular-dynamics simulations. Previous studies on this system have shown that alternate configurations are sampled, that their interconversion can be fast, and that the complex is dynamic by nature...
February 23, 2016: Biophysical Journal
Qian Yang, Yiqiong Ma, Yipeng Liu, Wei Liang, Xinghua Chen, Zhilong Ren, Huiming Wang, Pravin C Singhal, Guohua Ding
Recent studies have shown that nephrin plays a vital role in angiotensin II (Ang II)-induced podocyte injury and thus contributes to the onset of proteinuria and the progression of renal diseases, but its specific mechanism remains unclear. c-Abl is an SH2/SH3 domain-containing nonreceptor tyrosine kinase that is involved in cell survival and regulation of the cytoskeleton. Phosphorylated nephrin is able to interact with molecules containing SH2/SH3 domains, suggesting that c-Abl may be a downstream molecule of nephrin signaling...
January 1, 2016: Molecular Biology of the Cell
Sattar Gorgani-Firuzjaee, Reza Meshkani
Hepatic de-novo lipogenesis and production of triglyceride rich very low density lipoprotein (VLDL) is increased in the state of insulin resistance, however, the role of a negative regulator of the insulin signaling pathway, the SH2 domain-containing inositol 5-phosphatase (SHIP2) in this process, remains unknown. In the present study, we studied the molecular mechanisms linking SHIP2 expression to metabolic dyslipidemia using overexpression or suppression of SHIP2 gene in HepG2 cells exposed to high glucose (33 mM)...
December 2015: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
Shannon K Hughes, Madeleine J Oudin, Jenny Tadros, Jason Neil, Amanda Del Rosario, Brian A Joughin, Laila Ritsma, Jeff Wyckoff, Eliza Vasile, Robert Eddy, Ulrike Philippar, Alisha Lussiez, John S Condeelis, Jacco van Rheenen, Forest White, Douglas A Lauffenburger, Frank B Gertler
During breast cancer progression, alternative mRNA splicing produces functionally distinct isoforms of Mena, an actin regulator with roles in cell migration and metastasis. Aggressive tumor cell subpopulations express Mena(INV), which promotes tumor cell invasion by potentiating EGF responses. However, the mechanism by which this occurs is unknown. Here we report that Mena associates constitutively with the tyrosine phosphatase PTP1B and mediates a novel negative feedback mechanism that attenuates receptor tyrosine kinase signaling...
November 1, 2015: Molecular Biology of the Cell
Yan Ye, Yan Mei Ge, Miao Miao Xiao, Li Mei Guo, Qun Li, Ji Qing Hao, Jie Da, Wang Lai Hu, Xu Dong Zhang, Jiegou Xu, Lin Jie Zhang
BACKGROUND: The Src homology 2-containing inositol 5-phosphatase 2 (SHIP2) is implicated in diabetes, arthrosclerosis, and cancer. However, the role of SHIP2 in human gastric cancer remains unclear. METHODS: The expression levels of SHIP2 in gastric cancer tissues, a panel of gastric cancer cell lines, and normal gastric epithelial cells were analyzed by immunohistochemistry (IHC), Western blot, and real-time quantitative RT-PCR (qRT-PCR). Gastric cancer cells with either overexpressed SHIP2 or co-overexpressed SHIP2 and Akt were analyzed to determine cell proliferation, colony formation, apoptosis, cell migration, and invasion assays...
March 2016: Journal of Gastroenterology
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