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Knee arthroplasty analgesia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418963/optimizing-analgesia-for-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-networked-comparison
#1
Jonathan P Wanderer, James P Rathmell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413514/effect-of-pre-emptive-analgesia-by-continuous-femoral-nerve-block-on-early-postoperative-cognitive-function-following-total-knee-arthroplasty-in-elderly-patients
#2
Li-Qin Deng, Lei-Na Hou, Feng-Xiang Song, Han-Yue Zhu, Hai-Ying Zhao, Gang Chen, Jing-Jing Li
To the best of our knowledge, the effect of pre-emptively blocking pain transmission on acute postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) has not yet been assessed. Therefore, the present study aimed to investigate the effect of pre-emptive analgesia via a continuous femoral nerve block (CFNB) on postoperative pain and early cognitive function following total knee arthroplasty (TKA) surgery in elderly patients. CFNB was performed prior to TKA surgery in the pre-emptive analgesia group (n=30) and following TKA surgery in the control group (n=30)...
April 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385937/multimodal-infiltration-of-local-anaesthetic-in-total-knee-arthroplasty-is-posterior-capsular-infiltration-worth-the-risk-a-prospective-double-blind-randomised-controlled-trial
#3
P Pinsornsak, S Nangnual, K Boontanapibul
AIMS: Multimodal infiltration of local anaesthetic provides effective control of pain in patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty (TKA). There is little information about the added benefits of posterior capsular infiltration (PCI) using different combinations of local anaesthetic agents. Our aim was to investigate the effectiveness of the control of pain using multimodal infiltration with and without infiltration of the posterior capsule of the knee. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In a double-blind, randomised controlled trial of patients scheduled for unilateral primary TKA, 86 were assigned to be treated with multimodal infiltration with (Group I) or without (Group II) PCI...
April 2017: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348503/gabapentin-does-not-appear-to-improve-postoperative-pain-and-sleep-patterns-in-patients-who-concomitantly-receive-regional-anesthesia-for-lower-extremity-orthopedic-surgery-a-randomized-control-trial
#4
Jean Daniel Eloy, Christy Anthony, Shawn Amin, Moorice Caparó, Mark C Reilly, Steven Shulman
In recent years, gabapentin has gained popularity as an adjuvant therapy for the treatment of postoperative pain. Numerous studies have shown a decrease in pain score, even with immediate postoperative activity, which is significant for early post-op ambulation and regaining functionality sooner. However, studies have been in conclusive in patients undergoing lower extremity orthopedic surgery. For this reason, we hoped to study the effect of gabapentin on postoperative pain in patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty, total hip arthroplasty, or a hip fracture repair...
2017: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343821/use-of-chronic-methadone-before-total-knee-arthroplasty
#5
Ferdinand J Chan, Andrew M Schwartz, Jason Wong, Cynthia Chen, Bharat Tiwari, Sun Jin Kim
BACKGROUND: A subset of patients who undergo total knee arthroplasty (TKA) are on methadone maintenance. They require more and often unpredictable quantities of opioids to function as effective painkillers. This study aims to compare the opioid requirements and the immediate postoperative course for patients on methadone maintenance with those who are not, after a TKA. METHODS: A retrospective, case-control study was performed. From 2005 to 2010, 36 patients, who underwent a unilateral TKA, on chronic methadone maintenance were identified...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331362/anesthesia-for-the-patient-undergoing-total-knee-replacement-current-status-and-future-prospects
#6
REVIEW
Zachary A Turnbull, Dahniel Sastow, Gregory P Giambrone, Tiffany Tedore
Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) has become one of the most common orthopedic surgical procedures performed nationally. As the population and surgical techniques for TKAs have evolved over time, so have the anesthesia and analgesia used for these procedures. General anesthesia has been the dominant form of anesthesia utilized for TKA in the past, but regional anesthetic techniques are on the rise. Multiple studies have shown the potential for regional anesthesia to improve patient outcomes, such as a decrease in intraoperative blood loss, length of stay, and patient mortality...
2017: Local and Regional Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301415/analgesia-for-total-knee-arthroplasty-what-is-the-best-option
#7
Brian Vaughan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288053/searching-for-the-optimal-pain-management-technique-after-knee-arthroplasty-analgesia-is-just-the-tip-of-the-iceberg
#8
Brian M Ilfeld, Colin J L McCartney
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288050/pain-management-modalities-after-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-network-meta-analysis-of-170-randomized-controlled-trials
#9
Abdullah Sulieman Terkawi, Dimitris Mavridis, Daniel I Sessler, Megan S Nunemaker, Khaled S Doais, Rayan Sulieman Terkawi, Yazzed Sulieman Terkawi, Maria Petropoulou, Edward C Nemergut
BACKGROUND: Optimal analgesia for total knee arthroplasty remains challenging. Many modalities have been used, including peripheral nerve block, periarticular infiltration, and epidural analgesia. However, the relative efficacy of various modalities remains unknown. The authors aimed to quantify and rank order the efficacy of available analgesic modalities for various clinically important outcomes. METHODS: The authors searched multiple databases, each from inception until July 15, 2016...
May 2017: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277593/pain-management-with-adductor-canal-blockade-or-multimodal-periarticular-analgesia-in-elderly-total-knee-arthroplasty-patients
#10
Chukwuweike U Gwam, Nequesha Mohamed, Jaydev B Mistry, Melbin Thomas, Morad Chughtai, Sabahat Khan, Anton Khlopas, Michael A Mont, Ronald E Delanois
INTRODUCTION: Post-operative pain management in elderly total knee arthroplasty (TKA) patients has traditionally included opioids, epidurals, and femoral nerve blocks. Although these modalities are effective, they are often associated with adverse side effects, which may have a greater impact on this population. Alternative modalities, such as adductor canal blocks (ACB) and multimodal periarticular analgesia (MPA) have demonstrated great efficacy with a low side effect profile. However, it is unknown if one modality is advantageous over the other in the elderly...
March 9, 2017: Surgical Technology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273133/postoperative-pain-treatment-after-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-systematic-review
#11
Anders Peder Højer Karlsen, Mik Wetterslev, Signe Elisa Hansen, Morten Sejer Hansen, Ole Mathiesen, Jørgen B Dahl
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this systematic review was to document efficacy, safety and quality of evidence of analgesic interventions after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). METHODS: This PRISMA-compliant and PROSPERO-registered review includes all-language randomized controlled trials of medication-based analgesic interventions after TKA. Bias was evaluated according to Cochrane methodology. Outcomes were opioid consumption (primary), pain scores at rest and during mobilization, adverse events, and length of stay...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267070/adherence-to-a-multimodal-analgesic-clinical-pathway-a-within-group-comparison-of-staged-bilateral-knee-arthroplasty-patients
#12
Rachel C Steckelberg, Natasha Funck, T Edward Kim, Tessa L Walters, Gregory Milo Lochbaum, Stavros G Memtsoudis, Nicholas J Giori, Pier F Indelli, Lorrie J Graham, Edward R Mariano
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Multimodal analgesic clinical pathways for joint replacement patients often include perineural catheters, but long-term adherence to these pathways has not yet been investigated. Our primary aim was to determine adherence rate to a knee arthroplasty clinical pathway for patients undergoing staged bilateral procedures. METHODS: This study was performed at a hospital with a Perioperative Surgical Home program and knee arthroplasty clinical pathway using multimodal analgesia and adductor canal catheters...
May 2017: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255259/the-effect-of-unilateral-spinal-anaesthesia-and-psoas-compartment-with-sciatic-block-on-the-postoperative-pain-management-in-total-knee-artroplastic-surgery
#13
Ebru Canakci, Dogus Unal, Yunus Guzel
Purpose. This study was designed to investigate the effects of peripheral nerve block methods, applied through unilateral spinal anaesthesia on elderly patients to undergo total knee arthroplasty, on perioperative hemodynamic parameters and postoperative analgesia period. Materials and Method. 60 patients were randomly divided into two groups in the study. In group USA spinal anaesthesia was performed. In group PCS it was applied on psoas compartment block and sciatic nerve block. Results. Significantly higher intraoperative 60th and 90th minute mean arterial pressure values were ascertained in the PCS group compared to the USA group...
2017: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254422/comparison-of-intrathecal-and-local-infiltration-analgesia-by-morphine-for-pain-management-in-total-knee-and-hip-arthroplasty-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
REVIEW
Xu-Feng Jia, Yong Ji, Guang-Ping Huang, Yu Zhou, Miao Long
OBJECTIVE: We performed a meta-analysis from randomized controlled trials to evaluate the efficiency and safety between local infiltration analgesia and intrathecal morphine for pain control in total knee and hip arthroplasty. METHODS: We systemically searched electronic databases including Embase (1980-2016.7), Medline (1966-2016.7), PubMed (1966-2016.7), ScienceDirect (1985-2016.7), web of science (1950-2016.7) and Cochrane Library for relevant articles. All calculation was carried out by Stata 11...
April 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226340/oral-oxycodone-for-acute-postoperative-pain-a-review-of-clinical-trials
#15
Chi Wai Cheung, Stanley Sau Ching Wong, Qiu Qiu, Xianyu Wang
BACKGROUND: Opioids are the mainstay of pain management for acute postsurgical pain. Oral oxycodone is an opioid that can provide effective acute postoperative pain relief. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the use of oral oxycodone for acute postoperative pain management. STUDY DESIGN: This is a narrative review based on published articles searched in PubMed and Medline from 2003 to 2015 on oral oxycodone for acute postoperative pain management. METHODS: Clinical trials related to the use of oral oxycodone for acute postoperative pain management were searched via PubMed and Medline from 2003 to 2015...
February 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215966/does-patient-perception-differ-following-adductor-canal-block-and-femoral-nerve-block-in-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-simultaneous-bilateral-randomized-study
#16
Hyun J Koh, In J Koh, Man S Kim, Keun Y Choi, Hyeon U Jo, Yong In
BACKGROUND: Femoral nerve block (FNB) has been used as part of the multimodal analgesia after total knee arthroplasty (TKA), but leads to weakness in the quadriceps muscles. Recently, adductor canal block (ACB) was reported to provide effective pain relief while sparing the strength of the quadriceps. This simultaneous bilateral randomized study investigated whether patients perceived differences between ACB and the FNB after same-day bilateral TKA. METHODS: We performed a prospective simultaneous bilateral randomized study in 50 patients scheduled to undergo same-day bilateral TKA...
January 26, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211285/can-local-infiltration-analgesia-increase-satisfaction-in-postoperative-short-term-pain-control-in-total-knee-arthroplasty
#17
David Barastegui, I Robert, E Palau, S Haddad, M Reverte-Vinaixa, L Lorente, M Cots
BACKGROUND: One of the major challenges to total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is optimal pain control. Effective analgesia is capital in fast-track surgery programs to allow patient's early functional outcomes. OBJECTIVES: Compare length of stay (LOS) short-term pain control, and patients' satisfaction at 1 month between local infiltration analgesia (LIA) combined with femoral nerve block (FNB) and FNB only in patients undergoing TKA. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Two hundred and fifty-four patients were included in a randomized prospective study and distributed in two groups...
January 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203020/-effect-of-continuous-femoral-nerve-block-combined-with-periarticular-local-infiltration-analgesia-on-early-operative-functional-recovery-after-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-randomized-double-blind-controlled-study
#18
Y Deng, T L Jiang, X X Yang, M Li, J Wang, X Y Guo
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of early rehabilitation training after total knee arthroplasty surgery by continuous femoral nerve block (CFNB) with or without periarticular local infiltration analgesia (PLIA). METHODS: In this randomized, double-blind, controlled study, 100 patients under-going primary unilateral total knee arthroplasty in patients with knee osteoarthritis were enrolled. All the patients received CFNB for postoperative analgesia before combined spinal epidural anesthesia...
February 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192247/comparison-of-peri-articular-liposomal-bupivacaine-and-standard-bupivacaine-for-postsurgical-analgesia-in-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
REVIEW
Xi Wang, Lin Xiao, Zhiyuan Wang, Guanghui Zhao, Jianbing Ma
OBJECTIVE: This meta-analysis aimed to compare the efficacy and safety of intraoperative peri-articular liposomal bupivacaine and standard bupivacaine in patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty. METHODS: A systematic search was performed in Medline (1966-2016.9), PubMed (1966-2016.9), Embase (1980-2016.9), ScienceDirect (1985-2016.9) and the Cochrane Library. Only high-quality studies were selected. Meta-analysis was performed using Stata 11.0 software. RESULTS: Three randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and two non-randomized controlled trials (Non-RCTs), including 1214 patients met the inclusion criteria...
March 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178436/femoral-versus-multiple-nerve-blocks-for-analgesia-after-total-knee-arthroplasty
#20
Anatoli Stav, Leonid Reytman, Roger Sevi, Michael Yohay Stav, Devorah Powell, Yanai Dor, Mickey Dudkiewicz, Fuaz Bayadse, Ahud Sternberg, Michael Soudry
BACKGROUND: The PROSPECT (Procedure-Specific Postoperative Pain Management) Group recommended a single injection femoral nerve block in 2008 as a guideline for analgesia after total knee arthroplasty. Other authors have recommended the addition of sciatic and obturator nerve blocks. The lateral femoral cutaneous nerve is also involved in pain syndrome following total knee arthroplasty. We hypothesized that preoperative blocking of all four nerves would offer superior analgesia to femoral nerve block alone...
January 30, 2017: Rambam Maimonides Medical Journal
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