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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645093/identification-of-key-outcome-measures-when-using-the-instrumented-timed-up-and-go-and-or-posturography-for-fall-screening
#1
Renee Beach Sample, Allison L Kinney, Kurt Jackson, Wiebke Diestelkamp, Kimberly Edginton Bigelow
The Timed Up and Go (TUG) has been commonly used for fall risk assessment. The instrumented Timed Up and Go (iTUG) adds wearable sensors to capture sub-movements and may be more sensitive. Posturography assessments have also been used for determining fall risk. This study used stepwise logistic regression models to identify key outcome measures for the iTUG and posturography protocols. The effectiveness of the models containing these measures in differentiating fallers from non-fallers were then compared for each: iTUG total time duration only, iTUG, posturography, and combined iTUG and posturography assessments...
June 10, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642645/parqve-project-arthritis-recovering-quality-of-life-through-education-two-year-results
#2
Márcia Uchoa DE Rezende, Renato Frucchi, Alexandre Felício Pailo, Gustavo Constantino DE Campos, Thiago Pasqualin, Marcelo Issao Hissadomi
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of a multi-professional educational program in patients with knee osteoarthritis (KOA) . METHODS: Prospective randomized controlled trial with 195 KOA patients. One group was submitted to two-day lectures and received educational material about KOA (Class group), and the control group received the educational material only. Patients were evaluated at baseline, twelve and 24 months. At evaluation, patients answered pain and functional questionnaires (WOMAC, Lequesne, VAS and SF-36); reported the intensity of exercise per week; measured the body fat percentage, weight and height to estimate body mass index (BMI); and performed Timed Up & Go (TUG) and Five-Times-Sit-to-Stand (FTSST) tests ...
January 2017: Acta Ortopedica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634926/aging-effect-on-the-instrumented-timed-up-and-go-test-variables-in-nursing-home-women-aged-80-93%C3%A2-years
#3
Ryszard Zarzeczny, Agnieszka Nawrat-Szołtysik, Anna Polak, Jakub Maliszewski, Adam Kiełtyka, Beata Matyja, Magdalena Dudek, Joanna Zborowska, Adam Wajdman
Although the total "Timed-Up-and Go" test (TUG) performance time can characterize an age-related decline of general mobility, this result alone doesn't give any detailed information about the test subtasks. The primary objective of the study was to identify in nursing home women a variable extracted from instrumented TUG (iTUG) that is the best predictor of age. The secondary objective was to assess whether this variable is associated with the results of the isometric knee extension peak torque (IKEPT); lower limb strength measured by the 30-s chair stand test (30sCST), and walking capacity measured by the 6-min walk test (6MWT)...
June 20, 2017: Biogerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618301/noninvasive-measurement-of-wave-speed-of-porcine-cornea-in-ex-vivo-porcine-eyes-for-various-intraocular-pressures
#4
Boran Zhou, Arthur J Sit, Xiaoming Zhang
The objective of this study was to extend an ultrasound surface wave elastography (USWE) technique for noninvasive measurement of ocular tissue elastic properties. In particular, we aim to establish the relationship between the wave speed of cornea and the intraocular pressure (IOP). Normal ranges of IOP are between 12 and 22mmHg. Ex vivo porcine eye balls were used in this research. The porcine eye ball was supported by the gelatin phantom in a testing container. Some water was pour into the container for the ultrasound measurement...
June 7, 2017: Ultrasonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608181/modified-maturity-offset-prediction-equations-validation-in-independent-longitudinal-samples-of-boys-and-girls
#5
Sławomir M Kozieł, Robert M Malina
BACKGROUND: Predicted maturity offset and age at peak height velocity are increasingly used with youth athletes, although validation studies of the equations indicated major limitations. The equations have since been modified and simplified. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to validate the new maturity offset prediction equations in independent longitudinal samples of boys and girls. METHODS: Two new equations for boys with chronological age and sitting height and chronological age and stature as predictors, and one equation for girls with chronological age and stature as predictors were evaluated in serial data from the Wrocław Growth Study, 193 boys (aged 8-18 years) and 198 girls (aged 8-16 years)...
June 12, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604286/growth-functional-capacities-and-motivation-for-achievement-and-competitiveness-in-youth-basketball-an-interdisciplinary-approach
#6
Humberto Moreira Carvalho, Carlos E Gonçalves, Dave Collins, Roberto R Paes
The interaction of multiple influences on the path to sport success is not yet fully understood by sport scientists. In this study, we examined variation in body size, functional capacities and motivation for achievement, competitiveness and deliberate practice of youth basketball players associated with differences in biological maturity status, chronological age and years of training experience. Reflecting the importance of interactive effects, we examined the relationships between the psychological variables and functional capacities...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601123/physical-function-and-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-in-dialysis-patients-lessons-learned-from-the-slovenian-diagib-study
#7
Maja Bučar Pajek, Ivan Čuk, Gregor Mlinšek, Joško Osredkar, Jernej Pajek
AIMS: Vitamin D stores in dialysis patients may be associated with their muscle function and physical performance. We analyzed associations of 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels with functional test results in prevalent hemodialysis patients and healthy controls. METHODS: Study sample included 54 dialysis patients and 81 healthy controls who performed a 6-minute walk test, sit-to-stand test, handgrip strength measurement, and self-rated habitual adjusted activity score with Human Activity Profile questionnaire...
June 9, 2017: Clinical Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595188/physical-growth-and-biological-maturation-of-children-and-adolescents-proposed-reference-curves
#8
Daniel Leite Portella, Miguel Arruda, Rossana Gómez-Campos, Giovanna Checkin Portella, Cynthia Lee Andruske, Marco A Cossio-Bolaños
BACKGROUND/AIM: The study of physical growth variables in terms of chronological age and biological maturation may provide a common reference point to reflect on the occurrence of body dimensions in and between individuals. The objectives of this study were as follows: (a) verify if the observed gender differences in the variables of physical growth by chronological age are confounded by physical maturation, (b) compare physical growth patterns with the reference of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)-2012, and (c) develop regional curves to assess physical growth in terms of biological maturation...
June 9, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591798/associations-among-body-size-across-the-life-course-adult-height-and-endometriosis
#9
L V Farland, S A Missmer, A Bijon, G Gusto, A Gelot, F Clavel-Chapelon, S Mesrine, M C Boutron-Ruault, M Kvaskoff
STUDY QUESTION: Are body size across the life course and adult height associated with endometriosis? SUMMARY ANSWER: Endometriosis is associated with lean body size during childhood, adolescence and adulthood; tall total adult height; and tall sitting height. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: The literature suggests that both adult body size and height are associated with endometriosis risk, but few studies have investigated the role of body size across the life course...
June 7, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589778/relationship-between-musculoskeletal-disorders-and-anthropometric-indices-among-bus-drivers-in-zahedan-city
#10
Fereydoon Laal, Rohollah Fallah Madvari, Davoud Balarak, Mahdi Mohammadi, Elahe Dortaj, Abdolali Khammar, Hossein Ali Adineh
INTRODUCTION: Most of work-related musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) are associated with improper postures and poorly designed workstations. This study is an attempt to examine the prevalence and severity of MSDs as well as anthropometric dimensions among city bus drivers. METHODOLOGY: This cross-sectional study was carried out on 60 male bus drivers. Body discomfort chart (BDC) was used to evaluate MSDs. Spearman correlation was employed to examine the relationship between the body size and severity of discomfort...
June 7, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588897/a-physical-fitness-profile-of-state-highway-patrol-officers-by-gender-and-age
#11
J Jay Dawes, Robin M Orr, Richard R Flores, Robert G Lockie, Charlie Kornhauser, Ryan Holmes
BACKGROUND: Law enforcement officers perform physically demanding tasks that generally remain constant as they age. However, there is limited population-specific research on age, gender and normative fitness values for law enforcement officers as opposed to those of the general population. The purpose of this study was to profile the current level of fitness for highway patrol officers based on age and gender and provide percentile ranking charts unique to this population. METHODS: Retrospective data for six-hundred and thirty-one state troopers (♂ = 597; mean age = 39...
2017: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570401/asymmetry-of-preoperative-incision-design-markings-for-upper-blepharoplasty
#12
Myeong Yeon Yi, Hye Sun Choi, Jae Woo Jang, Sung Joo Kim, Sun Young Jang
PURPOSE: To compare preoperative incision design markings between both eyelids in upper blepharoplasty. METHODS: This retrospective study examined 22 patients who underwent bilateral upper blepharoplasty surgery resulting from senile dermatochalasis and/or blepharoptosis. The initial preoperative incision design markings were drawn with the patient sitting upright. Then, with the patient in a supine position, preoperative design photographs were taken. The authors measured medial canthal excision angle, maximal lid excision height, maximal lid excision width, peak point angle, and peak point distance and compared measurements between both upper eyelids designs using Image J software...
May 31, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538708/accuracy-in-wrist-worn-sensor-based-measurements-of-heart-rate-and-energy-expenditure-in-a-diverse-cohort
#13
Anna Shcherbina, C Mikael Mattsson, Daryl Waggott, Heidi Salisbury, Jeffrey W Christle, Trevor Hastie, Matthew T Wheeler, Euan A Ashley
The ability to measure physical activity through wrist-worn devices provides an opportunity for cardiovascular medicine. However, the accuracy of commercial devices is largely unknown. The aim of this work is to assess the accuracy of seven commercially available wrist-worn devices in estimating heart rate (HR) and energy expenditure (EE) and to propose a wearable sensor evaluation framework. We evaluated the Apple Watch, Basis Peak, Fitbit Surge, Microsoft Band, Mio Alpha 2, PulseOn, and Samsung Gear S2. Participants wore devices while being simultaneously assessed with continuous telemetry and indirect calorimetry while sitting, walking, running, and cycling...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Personalized Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537460/beyond-body-mass-index-using-anthropometric-measures-and-body-composition-indicators-to-assess-odds-of-an-endometriosis-diagnosis
#14
Uba Backonja, Mary L Hediger, Zhen Chen, Diane R Lauver, Liping Sun, C Matthew Peterson, Germaine M Buck Louis
BACKGROUND: Body mass index (BMI) and endometriosis have been inversely associated. To address gaps in this research, we examined associations among body composition, endometriosis, and physical activity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Women from 14 clinical sites in the Salt Lake City, Utah and San Francisco, California areas and scheduled for laparoscopy/laparotomy were recruited during 2007-2009. Participants (N = 473) underwent standardized anthropometric assessments to estimate body composition before surgery...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527477/secular-trends-in-anthropometrics-and-physical-fitness-of-young-portuguese-school-aged-children
#15
Aldo Matos Costa, Mário Jorge Costa, António Antunes Reis, Sandra Ferreira, Júlio Martins, Ana Pereira
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to analyze secular trends in anthropometrics and physical fitness of Portuguese children. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A group of 1819 students (881 boys and 938 girls) between 10 and 11 years old was assessed in their 5th and 6th scholar grade throughout a 20 years' time-frame. ANCOVA models were used to analyze variations in anthropometrics (height, weight and body mass index) and physical fitness (sit and reach, curl-up, horizontal jump and sprint time) across four quinquennials (1993 - 1998; 1998 - 2003; 2003 - 2008; 2008 - 2013)...
February 27, 2017: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504488/argentine-references-for-the-assessment-of-body-proportions-from-birth-to-17-years-of-age
#16
Mariana Del Pino, Alicia B Orden, María A Arenas, Virginia Fano
INTRODUCTION: Abnormal body proportions may indicate skeletal disorders; therefore, their detection has great clinical significance. OBJETIVES: To estimate centiles for head circumference/height (HC/H) and sitting height/height (SH/H) ratios, and assess their diagnostic usefulness among a group of children with skeletal dysplasia. METHODS: Centiles 3, 10, 25, 50, 75, 90 and 97 for HC/H and SH/H ratios were estimated with the LMS method using Box-Cox transformation to normalize data distribution for each age...
June 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503465/correlation-of-serum-creatine-kinase-level-with-pulmonary-function-in-duchenne-muscular-dystrophy
#17
Eun Young Kim, Jang Woo Lee, Mi Ri Suh, Won Ah Choi, Seong Woong Kang, Hyeon Jun Oh
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between serum creatine kinase (CK) level and pulmonary function in Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). METHODS: A total of 202 patients with DMD admitted to the Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Gangnam Severance Hospital were enrolled from January 1, 1999 to March 31, 2015. Seventeen patients were excluded. Data collected from the 185 patients included age, height, weight, body mass index, pulmonary function tests including forced vital capacity (FVC), peak cough flow, maximal expiratory pressure (MEP), and maximal inspiratory pressure (MIP), and laboratory measurements (serum level of CK, CK-MB, troponin-T, and B-type natriuretic peptide)...
April 2017: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484621/the-mountains-of-giants-an-anthropometric-survey-of-male-youths-in-bosnia-and-herzegovina
#18
Pavel Grasgruber, Stevo Popović, Dominik Bokuvka, Ivan Davidović, Sylva Hřebíčková, Pavlína Ingrová, Predrag Potpara, Stipan Prce, Nikola Stračárová
The aim of this anthropometric survey, conducted between 2015 and 2016 in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH), was to map local geographical differences in male stature and some other anthropometric characteristics (sitting height, arm span). In addition, to investigate the main environmental factors influencing physical growth, the documented values of height would be compared with available nutritional and socioeconomic statistics. Anthropometric data were collected in 3192 boys aged approximately 18.3 years (17-20 years), from 97 schools in 37 towns...
April 2017: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483556/identifying-the-physical-and-anthropometric-qualities-explanatory-of-paddling-adolescents
#19
Wade H Sinclair, Anthony S Leicht, Troy W Eady, Nick J Marshall, Carl T Woods
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to identify the physical and/or anthropometric qualities explanatory of adolescent surf lifesavers participating in paddling activities. DESIGN: Cross-sectional observational study. METHODS: A total of 53 (14-18years) male participants were recruited and classified into two groups; paddlers (n=30; actively participating in paddling), non-paddlers (n=23; not actively participating in paddling). All participants completed a testing battery that consisted of 16 physical (isometric strength and muscular endurance) and anthropometric (height, mass, segment lengths and breadths) assessments...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479931/cardiorespiratory-fitness-and-aerobic-performance-adaptations-to-a-4-week-sprint-interval-training-in-young-healthy-untrained-females
#20
Mykolas Kavaliauskas, Thomas P Steer, John A Babraj
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to test the effects of sprint interval training (SIT) on cardiorespiratory fitness and aerobic performance measures in young females. METHODS: Eight healthy, untrained females (age 21 ± 1 years; height 165 ± 5 cm; body mass 63 ± 6 kg) completed cycling peak oxygen uptake ([Formula: see text] peak), 10-km cycling time trial (TT) and critical power (CP) tests pre- and post-SIT. SIT protocol included 4 × 30-s "all-out" cycling efforts against 7 % body mass interspersed with 4 min of active recovery performed twice per week for 4 weeks (eight sessions in total)...
2017: Sport Sciences for Health
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