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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908275/does-standing-or-sitting-position-of-the-anesthesiologist-in-the-operating-theatre-influence-sevoflurane-exposure-during-craniotomies
#1
Péter Sárkány, Béla Tankó, Éva Simon, Judit Gál, Béla Fülesdi, Csilla Molnár
BACKGROUND: Exposure of the OR staff to inhalational anesthetics has been proven by numerous investigators, but its potential adverse effect under the present technical circumstances is a debated issue. The aim of the present work was to test whether using a laminar flow air conditioning system exposure of the team to anesthetic gases is different if the anesthetist works in the sitting as compared to the standing position. METHODS: Sample collectors were placed at the side of the patient and were fixed at two different heights: at 100 cm (modelling sitting position) and 175 cm (modelling standing position), whereas the third collector was placed at the independent corner of the OR...
December 1, 2016: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872956/hip-fracture-registries-utility-description-and-comparison
#2
P Sáez-López, F Brañas, N Sánchez-Hernández, N Alonso-García, J I González-Montalvo
: Hip fractures (HF) are prevalent and involve high morbidity and mortality so improving their management is important. HF registries are a good way to improve knowledge about this condition and its quality of care, while at the same time reducing clinical variability, optimizing efficiency, improving outcomes, and reducing costs. INTRODUCTION: Hip fractures (HF) are a prevalent fragility fracture secondary to osteoporosis that involves high morbidity and mortality...
November 21, 2016: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868304/individual-social-and-environmental-factors-and-their-association-with-weight-in-rural-dwelling-women
#3
Cheryce L Harrison, Helena J Teede, Samantha Kozica, Sophia Zoungas, Catherine B Lombard
OBJECTIVE: Obesity is a major public health concern and women living in rural settings present a high-risk group. With contributing factors poorly explored, we evaluated their association with weight in rural Australian women. METHODS: Women aged 18-50 years of any body mass index (BMI) were recruited between October 2012 and April 2013 as part of a larger, randomised controlled trial within 42 rural towns. Measured weight and height as well as self-reported measures of individual health, physical activity, dietary intake, self-management, social support and environmental perception were collected...
November 20, 2016: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866600/maintaining-a-healthy-bmi-data-from-a-16-year-study-of-young-australian-women
#4
Wendy J Brown, Enamul Kabir, Bronwyn K Clark, Sjaan R Gomersall
INTRODUCTION: The aims of this prospective cohort study were to examine 16-year trajectories of weight and BMI in young adult women who had a healthy BMI in 1996 and determinants of remaining in the healthy BMI category. METHODS: A total of 4,881 women with healthy BMI at baseline and either healthy, overweight, or obese BMI at 16-year follow-up reported their weight, height, health, and health behaviors in six surveys of the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health between 1996 (aged 18-23 years) and 2012 (aged 34-39 years)...
December 2016: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864433/effect-of-occupational-physical-activities-on-vertebral-dimensions-in-midlife-in-the-northern-finland-birth-cohort-1966
#5
Petteri Oura, Markus Paananen, Jaakko Niinimäki, Juha Auvinen, Leena Ala-Mursula, Juho-Antti Junno, Jaro Karppinen
OBJECTIVES: The vertebral cross-sectional area (CSA) is a major determinant of vertebral strength. Since leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) is known to affect vertebral CSA, we hypothesised that engagement in physical activity at work might have similar effects on vertebral size. We aimed to examine the association between various adulthood occupational physical activities (OPA) and vertebral CSA, and to evaluate the association between OPA intensity and vertebral CSA. METHODS: We used the prospective population-based Northern Finland Birth Cohort 1966...
November 18, 2016: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852520/evaluating-the-impact-of-watercell-%C3%A2-technology-on-pressure-redistribution-and-comfort-discomfort-of-adults-with-limited-mobility
#6
Carol Bartley, Melanie Stephens
AIM OF THE STUDY: The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of WaterCell(®) Technology on pressure redistribution and self-reported comfort and discomfort scores of adults with mobility problems who remain seated for extended periods of time. METHODS: Twelve participants, were recruited and ranged in gender, age, height, weight, and body mass index. Five were male, seven were female, and five were permanent wheelchair users. Each participant was randomly allocated a chair, whose seat comprised of visco-elastic memory foam, high-elastic reflex foam, and watercells, to trial for a week...
November 5, 2016: Journal of Tissue Viability
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821921/changes-in-movements-of-neck-trunk-and-hip-according-to-height-and-foot-position-during-sit-to-stand
#7
Jungbin Lee, Jemyung Shim, Sungjoong Kim, Hyolyun Roh, Seung Namkoong
[Purpose] The purpose of this study is to analyze changes in movements of the neck, trunk and hip according to foot position while performing sit-to-stand (STS) exercises from a height-fixed chair. [Subjects and Methods] The study subjects consisted of 22 university students (12 males and 10 females). STS was conducted using a height-fixed chair at three positions: symmetric foot position, right foot position, and left foot position. Through three-dimensional motion analyzer, the movements of the neck, trunk, and hip were analyzed...
October 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814343/prevalence-of-shox-haploinsufficiency-among-short-statured-children
#8
Maja Rou Marstrand-Joergensen, Rikke Beck Jensen, Lise Aksglaede, Morten Dunoe, Anders Juul
BACKGROUND: The aim of this clinical study was to determine the prevalence of SHOX haploinsufficiency in a population of short stature patients and describe their anthropometric measurements. METHODS: 574 short statured patients were evaluated in a single center (1992-2015). SHOX copy number was detected by quantitative Polymerase Chain Reaction (qPCR) in 574 subjects, followed by multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA) and DNA sequencing in subjects with SHOX haploinsufficiency...
November 4, 2016: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809926/lifestyle-correlates-of-overweight-in-adults-a-hierarchical-approach-the-spotlight-project
#9
Célina Roda, Hélène Charreire, Thierry Feuillet, Joreintje D Mackenbach, Sofie Compernolle, Ketevan Glonti, Helga Bárdos, Harry Rutter, Martin McKee, Johannes Brug, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, Jeroen Lakerveld, Jean-Michel Oppert
BACKGROUND: Obesity-related lifestyle behaviors usually co-exist but few studies have examined their simultaneous relation with body weight. This study aimed to identify the hierarchy of lifestyle-related behaviors associated with being overweight in adults, and to examine subgroups so identified. METHODS: Data were obtained from a cross-sectional survey conducted across 60 urban neighborhoods in 5 European urban regions between February and September 2014. Data on socio-demographics, physical activity, sedentary behaviors, eating habits, smoking, alcohol consumption, and sleep duration were collected by questionnaire...
November 3, 2016: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807522/the-effects-of-changing-angle-and-height-of-toilet-seat-on-movements-and-ground-reaction-forces-in-the-feet-during-sit-to-stand
#10
Su-Kyoung Lee, Sang-Yeol Lee
The study aimed to examine the effects of changes in the angle and height on movements and ground reaction forces in the feet. Subjects were instructed to sit and stand on different angles and heights; 0° (43 cm), 10° (51 cm), and 15° (58 cm). The motion required in this study is similar to that of standing up from sitting on a chair. The Tumble Forms Wedges (10° [8 cm], 15° [15 cm]) were placed on the toilet seat to create angles and heights at 0° (43 cm), 10° (51 cm), and 15° (58 cm). The side-to-side travel distances when the subjects stood up from sitting were 103...
October 2016: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803619/effect-of-different-seat-heights-during-an-incremental-sit-to-stand-exercise-test-on-peak-oxygen-uptake-in-young-healthy-women
#11
Keisuke Nakamura, Yuya Nagasawa, Shoji Sawaki, Yoshiharu Yokokawa, Masayoshi Ohira
'Sit-to-stand' exercise uses the repetitive motion of standing up and sitting down in a chair, a common activity of daily living. A new assessment using an incremental sit-to-stand exercise test employs an external sound to control the speed of standing-up and allows increases in work rate. The aims of the study were to examine the effect of different seat heights on peak oxygen uptake (peak VO2) during an incremental sit-to-stand exercise and to assess any difference between peak VO2 values during incremental sit-to-stand exercise compared with a cycle ergometer test...
September 2016: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787471/twelve-weeks-of-plyometric-training-improves-motor-performance-of-7-10-year-old-overweight-obese-boys-a-randomized-controlled-intervention
#12
Gabriela Góes Nobre, Marcelus Brito de Almeida, Isabele Góes Nobre, Fernanda Karina Dos Santos, Raphael Arnaut Brinco, Thalison Ricardo Arruda-Lima, Kenya Larissa de-Vasconcelos, Jociellen Gomes de-Lima, Manoel Etelberto Borba-Neto, Emmanuel Martins Damasceno-Rodrigues, Steve Martin Santos-Silva, Carol Góis Leandro, Marcos André Moura-Dos-Santos
The prevalence of childhood overweight/obesity has increased, and physical training at school may to be effective to combat this scenario. We analyzed the effects of a protocol of plyometric training on body composition and motor performance of overweight/obese boys aged 7 to 9 years. The sample was randomly assigned into 2 groups: plyometric training group (T, n = 40) and control group (C, n = 19). Training consisted of 20 minutes/day (twice a week, during twelve weeks) of lower extremity plyometric exercise...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770258/kidney-transplantation-fails-to-provide-adequate-growth-in-children-with-chronic-kidney-disease-born-small-for-gestational-age
#13
Doris Franke, Rena Steffens, Lena Thomas, Leo Pavičić, Thurid Ahlenstiel, Lars Pape, Jutta Gellermann, Dominik Müller, Uwe Querfeld, Dieter Haffner, Miroslav Živičnjak
BACKGROUND: Children with chronic kidney disease are frequently born small for gestational age (SGA) and prone to disproportionately short stature. It is unclear how SGA affects growth after kidney transplantation (KTx). METHODS: Linear growth (height, sitting height, and leg length) was prospectively investigated in a cohort of 322 pediatric KTx recipients, with a mean follow-up of 4.9 years. Sitting height index (ratio of sitting height to total body height) was used to assess body proportions...
October 21, 2016: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27764911/ultrasonographic-measurement-of-the-axillary-recess-thickness-in-an-asymptomatic-shoulder
#14
Gi-Young Park, Jin Hoon Lee, Dae Gil Kwon
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to measure the axillary recess (AR) thickness in an asymptomatic shoulder by using ultrasonography (US) and to analyze the factors affecting it. Methods: We recruited 141 patients (52 males; 89 females; age, 57.7±9.9 years) with unilateral shoulder pain and performed US on the unaffected shoulder. Two physiatrists measured the AR thickness of the unaffected shoulder independently. All patients were examined in an upright sitting position with 90° shoulder abduction...
September 19, 2016: Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27748676/three-dimensional-and-volumetric-thoracic-growth-in-children-with-moderate-idiopathic-scoliosis-compared-with-normal
#15
Yann Philippe Charles, Amélie Marcoul, Mickaël Schaeffer, Federico Canavese, Alain Diméglio
We aimed to measure thoracic dimensions and volume in relation to growth and verify the influence of scoliosis on thoracic growth. A reference group of 294 healthy volunteers was compared with a group of 557 patients with idiopathic scoliosis ranging in age from 3 to 25 years. The optical ORTEN system for trunk surface data acquisition was used to calculate thoracic volume, perimeter, anterior-posterior and transversal diameters, T1-T12 length, and sternal length. There was no significant difference in thoracic dimensions and volume between scoliosis and reference groups in either girls or boys...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics. Part B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27736289/acute-effects-of-foam-rolling-static-stretching-and-dynamic-stretching-during-warm-ups-on-muscular-flexibility-and-strength-in-young-adults
#16
Hsuan Su, Nai-Jen Chang, Wen-Lan Wu, Lan-Yuen Guo, I-Hua Chu
CONTEXT: Foam rolling has been proposed to improve muscle function, performance, and joint range of motion (ROM). However, whether a foam rolling protocol can be adopted as a warm-up to improve flexibility and muscle strength is unclear. OBJECTIVE: To examine and compare the acute effects of foam rolling, static stretching, and dynamic stretching used as part of warm-up on flexibility and muscle strength of knee flexion and extension. DESIGN: Crossover study...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27687372/transnasal-sphenopalatine-ganglion-block-for-the-treatment-of-postdural-puncture-headache-in-obstetric-patients
#17
Sheffield Kent, Gregory Mehaffey
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate a possible alternative treatment for postdural puncture headache (PDPH). DESIGN: Postdural puncture headache is a common complication associated with neuraxial anesthesia and unintentional dural puncture. Epidural blood patch (EBP) is the standard therapy for PDPH but has risks including pain, dural puncture, and infection. Transnasal sphenopalatine ganglion block (SPGB) has been successfully used to treat migraine, cluster headache, and trigeminal neuralgia...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27686534/sit-to-stand-lift-effects-of-lifted-height-on-weight-borne-and-upper-extremity-strength-requirements
#18
Ruoliang Tang, Maggie Poklar, Hilary Domke, Stephanie Moore, Jay Kapellusch, Arun Garg
To prevent back and shoulder injuries to nursing personnel, sit-to-stand lifts are used to transfer partial-weight-bearing patients with upper extremity strength. However, the weight-bearing capacity and upper extremity strength required of patients have not been defined. The objectives of this study were to determine: (a) the percentage of body weight borne by the patient when lifted to different heights in the lift and (b) whether a patient needs upper extremity strength. Nineteen healthy normal-weight volunteers (ages 19-39) were transferred from a hospital bed to a wheelchair using (a) a gait belt and (b) a sit-to-stand lift...
September 30, 2016: Research in Nursing & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27684456/sit-to-stand-and-walk-from-120-knee-height-a-novel-approach-to-assess-dynamic-postural-control-independent-of-lead-limb
#19
Gareth D Jones, Darren C James, Michael Thacker, David A Green
Individuals with sensorimotor pathology e.g., stroke have difficulty executing the common task of rising from sitting and initiating gait (sit-to-walk: STW). Thus, in clinical rehabilitation separation of sit-to-stand and gait initiation - termed sit-to-stand-and-walk (STSW) - is usual. However, a standardized STSW protocol with a clearly defined analytical approach suitable for pathological assessment has yet to be defined. Hence, a goal-orientated protocol is defined that is suitable for healthy and compromised individuals by requiring the rising phase to be initiated from 120% knee height with a wide base of support independent of lead limb...
2016: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27677763/the-multi-ethnic-global-lung-initiative-2012-and-third-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-reference-values-do-not-reflect-spirometric-measurements-in-black-boys-and-men-from-tanzania
#20
Ewa Rębacz-Maron
The interpretation of spirometric results of Black Africans according to reference standards based on data from outside their native environment may lead to the wrong conclusions. This article aims to characterize the ventilatory capacity of boys and men from Tanzania according to forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1 ), forced vital capacity (FVC), peak expiratory flow (PEF) and FEV1 /FVC based on the collected anthropological material and to compare them to NHANES III, Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III) African American predicted values and GLI2012 equations...
September 28, 2016: Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging
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