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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328715/evaluating-injury-risk-and-gender-performance-on-health-and-skill-related-fitness-assessments
#1
Tyson L Grier, Michelle Canham-Chervak, Timothy T Bushman, Morgan K Anderson, William J North, Bruce H Jones
Grier, TL, Canham-Chervak, M, Bushman, TT, Anderson, MK, North, WJ, and Jones, BH. Evaluating injury risk and gender performance on health- and skill-related fitness assessments. J Strength Cond Res 31(4): 971-980, 2017-The purpose of this analysis was to investigate the association of injury risk and gender performance on health- and skill-related fitness assessments. A survey was used to collect personal characteristics and Army Physical Fitness Test scores (2-mile run, push-ups, and sit-ups). Within the same day, 9 physical fitness assessments were performed...
April 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325699/spinal-correction-in-patients-with-fukuyama-congenital-muscular-dystrophy
#2
Wataru Saito, Takanori Namba, Gen Inoue, Takayuki Imura, Masayuki Miyagi, Toshiyuki Nakazawa, Eiki Shirasawa, Kentaro Uchida, Masashi Takaso
BACKGROUND: Fukuyama congenital muscular dystrophy (FCMD) is one of the most common congenital progressive muscular dystrophies in Japan. Some patients develop a severe spinal deformity that leads to an unstable sitting position or pain. Since 2008, we have treated FCMD using posterior spinal fusion. This study reports the short-term clinical and radiographic results of posterior spinal correction and fusion in FCMD. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 11 consecutive FCMD patients, average age 13 years old, treated with posterior spinal instrumentation and fusion between 2008 and 2015...
March 18, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288227/-physical-activity-patterns-of-school-adolescents-validity-reliability-and-percentiles-proposal-for-their-evaluation
#3
Marco Cossío Bolaños, Jorge Méndez Cornejo, Cristian Luarte Rocha, Rodrigo Vargas Vitoria, Bernabé Canqui Flores, Rossana Gomez Campos
Regular physical activity (PA) during childhood and adolescence is important for the prevention of non-communicable diseases and their risk factors. OBJECTIVES: To validate a questionnaire for measuring patterns of PA, verify the reliability, comparing the levels of PA aligned with chronological and biological age, and to develop percentile curves to assess PA levels depending on biological maturation. SUBJECTS AND METHOD: Descriptive cross-sectional study was performed on a sample non-probabilistic quota of 3,176 Chilean adolescents (1685 males and 1491 females), with a mean age range from 10...
February 2017: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278254/characterizing-the-community-use-of-an-ultralight-wheelchair-with-on-the-fly-adjustable-seating-functions-a-pilot-study
#4
Johanne Mattie, Jaimie Borisoff, William C Miller, Borna Noureddin
An ultralight manual wheelchair that allows users to independently adjust rear seat height and backrest angle during normal everyday usage was recently commercialized. Prior research has been performed on wheelchair tilt, recline, and seat elevation use in the community, however no such research has been done on this new class of manual ultralight wheelchair with "on the fly" adjustments. The objective of this pilot study was to investigate and characterize the use of the two adjustable seating functions available on the Elevation™ ultralight dynamic wheelchair during its use in the community...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269804/the-application-of-a-feasible-exercise-training-program-in-the-office-setting
#5
Ardalan Shariat, Eddie T C Lam, Mehdi Kargarfard, Shamsul B M Tamrin, Mahmoud Danaee
BACKGROUND: Previous research support the claim that people who work in offices and sit for a long time are particularly prone to musculoskeletal disorders. OBJECTIVE: The main objective of this paper is to introduce an exercise training program designed to decrease muscle stiffness and pain that can be performed in the office setting. METHODS: Forty healthy office workers (age: 28±5.3 years old; body mass: 87.2±10.2 kg; height: 1.79±0...
February 27, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264685/who-uses-height-adjustable-desks-sociodemographic-health-related-and-psycho-social-variables-of-regular-users
#6
Birgit Wallmann-Sperlich, Tanja Bipp, Jens Bucksch, Ingo Froboese
BACKGROUND: Sit-to-stand height-adjustable desks (HAD) may promote workplace standing, as long as workers use them on a regular basis. The aim of this study was to investigate (i) how common HAD in German desk-based workers are, and how frequently HADs are used, (ii) to identify sociodemographic, health-related, and psycho-social variables of workday sitting including having a HAD, and (iii) to analyse sociodemographic, health-related, and psycho-social variables of users and non-users of HADs...
March 6, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262856/resting-serum-concentration-of-high-sensitivity-c-reactive-protein-hs-crp-in-sportsmen-and-untrained-male-adults
#7
COMPARATIVE STUDY
F A Niyi-Odumosu, O A Bello, S A Biliaminu, B V Owoyele, T O Abu, O L Dominic
There is an inverse relationship between regular physical activity and concentration of serum inflammatory markers, with variations in resting CRP in trained and untrained subjects. The effect of acute and prolonged exercises has been studied on inflammatory markers with dearth of information and controversies on the resting serum values of high sensitivity CRP (hs-CRP). Therefore, this study sought to identify and compare variations that occur in serum levels of high sensitivity CRP in groups of sportsmen (6) and physically active untrained subjects...
March 6, 2017: Nigerian Journal of Physiological Sciences: Official Publication of the Physiological Society of Nigeria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257937/the-effect-of-carbohydrate-and-protein-co-ingestion-on-energy-substrate-metabolism-sense-of-effort-and-affective-responses-during-prolonged-strenuous-endurance-exercise
#8
L Qin, S H Wong, F-H Sun, Y Huang, S Sheridan, C H P Sit
This study examined the effect of carbohydrate (CHO) and protein (PRO) co-ingestion on energy substrate metabolism, sense of effort, and affective responses during prolonged strenuous endurance exercise. In a four-stage randomized cross-over design, 10 male endurance runners (age: 27.3±1.4yrs; height: 172.9±1.1cm, weight: 63.5±1.6kg; body fat: 9.0±1.4%; V̇O2max: 62.9±1.8ml/kg/min) ran on a treadmill at 70% of their individual V̇O2max for 90min. There were two CHO and PRO treatments (CA: CHO+alpha-lactalbumin and CW: CHO+whey PRO isolate), one CHO treatment (CC: CHO+CHO), and a placebo control (CON)...
February 28, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257491/the-association-between-adult-attained-height-and-sitting-height-with-mortality-in-the-european-prospective-investigation-into-cancer-and-nutrition-epic
#9
Norie Sawada, Petra A Wark, Melissa A Merritt, Shoichiro Tsugane, Heather A Ward, Sabina Rinaldi, Elisabete Weiderpass, Laureen Dartois, Mathilde His, Marie-Christine Boutron-Ruault, Renée Turzanski-Fortner, Rudolf Kaaks, Kim Overvad, María-Luisa Redondo, Noemie Travier, Elena Molina-Portillo, Miren Dorronsoro, Lluis Cirera, Eva Ardanaz, Aurora Perez-Cornago, Antonia Trichopoulou, Pagona Lagiou, Elissavet Valanou, Giovanna Masala, Valeria Pala, Petra Hm Peeters, Yvonne T van der Schouw, Olle Melander, Jonas Manjer, Marisa da Silva, Guri Skeie, Anne Tjønneland, Anja Olsen, Marc J Gunter, Elio Riboli, Amanda J Cross
Adult height and sitting height may reflect genetic and environmental factors, including early life nutrition, physical and social environments. Previous studies have reported divergent associations for height and chronic disease mortality, with positive associations observed for cancer mortality but inverse associations for circulatory disease mortality. Sitting height might be more strongly associated with insulin resistance; however, data on sitting height and mortality is sparse. Using the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition study, a prospective cohort of 409,748 individuals, we examined adult height and sitting height in relation to all-cause and cause-specific mortality...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198638/the-relationship-between-arch-height-and-arch-flexibility-a-proposed-arch-flexibility-classification-system-for-the-description-of-multi-dimensional-foot-structure
#10
Rebecca Avrin Zifchock, Christal Theriot, Howard J Hillstrom, Jinsup Song, Michael Neary
BACKGROUND: The correlation between arch structure and injury may be related to the fact that foot structure influences foot function. Foot structure is often defined by arch height, although arch flexibility may be just as important to form a more complete description. We propose an arch flexibility classification system, analogous to arch height classification, and then use the classification system to examine the relationship between arch flexibility and arch height. METHODS: Arch height index was calculated in 1,124 incoming military cadets, of whom 1,056 had usable data...
February 15, 2017: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191881/assessment-of-child-anthropometry-in-a-large-epidemiologic-study
#11
Amy L Louer, Denise N Simon, Karen M Switkowski, Sheryl L Rifas-Shiman, Matthew W Gillman, Emily Oken
A high proportion of children have overweight and obesity in the United States and other countries. Accurate assessment of anthropometry is essential to understand health effects of child growth and adiposity. Gold standard methods of measuring adiposity, such as dual X-ray absorptiometry (DXA), may not be feasible in large field studies. Research staff can, however, complete anthropometric measurements, such as body circumferences and skinfold measurements, using inexpensive portable equipment. In this protocol we detail how to obtain manual anthropometric measurements from children, including standing and sitting height, weight, waist circumference, hip circumference, mid-upper arm circumference, triceps skinfold thickness, and subscapular skinfold thickness, and procedures to assess the quality of these measurements...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28180056/patterns-and-predictors-of-sitting-time-over-ten-years-in-a-large-population-based-canadian-sample-findings-from-the-canadian-multicentre-osteoporosis-study-camos
#12
Klaus Gebel, Sarah Pont, Ding Ding, Adrian E Bauman, Josephine Y Chau, Claudie Berger, Jerilynn C Prior
Our objective was to describe patterns and predictors of sedentary behavior (sitting time) over 10 years among a large Canadian cohort. Data are from the Canadian Multicentre Osteoporosis Study, a prospective study of women and men randomly selected from the general population. Respondents reported socio-demographics, lifestyle behaviors and health outcomes in interviewer-administered questionnaires; weight and height were measured. Baseline data were collected between 1995 and 1997 (n = 9418; participation rate = 42%), and at 5- (n = 7648) and 10-year follow-ups (n = 5567)...
March 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161905/total-and-central-obesity-in-elderly-associated-with-a-marker-of-undernutrition-in-early-life-sitting-height-to-stature-ratio-a-nutritional-paradox
#13
Erika Aparecida Silveira, Carla Cristina da Conceição Ferreira, Valéria Pagotto, Annelisa Silva E Alves de Carvalho Santos, Gustavo Velasquez-Melendez
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to investigate whether sitting height-to-stature ratio (SHSR) is associated with total and central obesity in the elderly. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study with 133 noninstitutionalized elderly. High SHSR (≥ 1SD above the mean) was used as a marker of undernutrition (MU) in early life. Poisson's multiple regression was used to determine the association between variables. RESULTS: The prevalence of high SHSR was 21...
February 5, 2017: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132762/equations-based-on-anthropometry-to-predict-body-fat-measured-by-absorptiometry-in-schoolchildren-and-adolescents
#14
Luis Ortiz-Hernández, A Valeria Vega López, Norma Ramos-Ibáñez, L Joana Cázares Lara, R Joab Medina Gómez, Diana Pérez-Salgado
OBJECTIVE: To develop and validate equations to estimate the percentage of body fat of children and adolescents from Mexico using anthropometric measurements. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out with 601 children and adolescents from Mexico aged 5-19 years. The participants were randomly divided into the following two groups: the development sample (n=398) and the validation sample (n=203). The validity of previously published equations (e.g., Slaughter) was also assessed...
January 26, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106781/family-food-providers-perceptions-of-the-causes-of-obesity-and-effectiveness-of-weight-control-strategies-in-five-countries-in-the-asia-pacific-region-a-cross-sectional-survey
#15
Anthony Worsley, Wei Wang, Rani Sarmugam, Quynh Pham, Judhiastuty Februhartanty, Stacey Ridley
The rise of the middle classes in developing countries and the associated epidemiological transition raises the importance of assessing this population group's awareness of the causes of obesity and effective weight control strategies in order to develop effective health promotion strategies. The study aimed to examine the perceptions of the causes of obesity and weight control strategies held by middle class household food providers in Melbourne, Singapore, Shanghai, Indonesia and Vietnam. An online survey was conducted in late 2013, early 2014 among 3945 respondents...
January 18, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087341/lung-diffusing-capacity-in-sub-saharan-africans-versus-european-caucasians
#16
Bamodi Simaga, Kevin Forton, Yoshiki Motoji, Robert Naeije, Vitalie Faoro
Single breath measurements of lung diffusing capacity (DL) for carbon monoxide (CO) and nitric oxide (NO) were performed in age-, sex-, weight- and height-matched 32 sub-Saharan Africans (13 women) and 32 Caucasian Europeans, and repeated in 14 of each group at 80% of maximum exercise capacity. In Africans versus Caucasians respectively, DLNO was 153±31 vs 176±38ml/mmHg/min at rest (P<0.001) and 210±48 vs 241±52ml/mmHg/min at exercise (P<0.01) while hemoglobin-adjusted DLCO was 29±6 vs 34±6ml/mmHg/min at rest (P<0...
January 10, 2017: Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068308/the-association-between-weight-height-and-head-circumference-reconsidered
#17
Christiane Scheffler, Holle Greil, Michael Hermanussen
BACKGROUND: Under normal nutritional and health conditions, body height, weight and head circumference are significantly related. We hypothesize that the apparent general association between weight, height and head circumference of the growing child might be misleading. METHODS: We re-analyzed data of 7444 boys and 7375 girls measured in East-Germany between 1986 and 1990, aged from 0 to 7 years with measurements of body length/height, leg length, sitting height, biacromial shoulder breadth, thoracic breadth, thoracic depth, thoracic circumference, body weight, head volume, percentage of body fat, and hip skinfold vertical, using principal component analysis...
January 9, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033044/caliper-method-versus-digital-photogrammetry-for-assessing-arch-height-index-in-pregnant-women
#18
Kathryn D Harrison, Jean L McCrory
BACKGROUND: Foot anthropometry may be altered during pregnancy. Pregnant women often report lower-extremity pain that may be related to these alterations. The Arch Height Index Measurement System is a common method of foot arch assessment; however, the required calipers are costly and are not widely available. Thus, we compared the reliability of a digital photogrammetry method of arch height index (AHI) assessment with that of the Arch Height Index Measurement System. METHODS: Ten pregnant women (mean ± SD: age, 29 ± 4 years; height, 166...
November 2016: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998211/axial-and-appendicular-body-proportions-for-evaluation-of-limb-and-trunk-asymmetry
#19
Douglas S Weinberg, Raymond W Liu, Samuel Q Li, James O Sanders, Daniel R Cooperman
Background and purpose - When children with irregular body proportions or asymmetric limbs present, it may be unclear where the pathology is located. An improved understanding of the clinical ratio between upper extremity, lower extremity, and spine length may help elucidate whether there is disproportion between the trunk and limbs, and whether there is a reduction deficit of the shorter limb rather than hypertrophy of the longer limb. Patients and methods - We used the Brush Foundation study of child growth and development, which was a prospective, longitudinal study of healthy children between the 1930s and the 1950s, and we collected serial clinical measurements for 290 children at 3,326 visits...
December 21, 2016: Acta Orthopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994489/age-and-sex-related-differences-in-the-anthropometry-and-neuromuscular-fitness-of-competitive-taekwondo-athletes
#20
Pantelis Theodoros Nikolaidis, Krzysztof Buśko, Filipe Manuel Clemente, Ioannis Tasiopoulos, Beat Knechtle
Anthropometry and neuromuscular fitness have been shown to relate with taekwondo (TKD) performance; however, little information is available on the variation of these fitness components by sex and age in athletes practicing this sport. The aim of the present study was to examine the anthropometry and neuromuscular fitness of TKD athletes by sex and age. A total of 393 athletes (7-48 years old), separated into six age groups (7-9, 10-11, 12-13, 14-17, 18-32, and 33+), were examined for anthropometry and performed a series of neuromuscular fitness tests (flexibility, agility, muscle power, and isometric strength)...
2016: Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine
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