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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087341/lung-diffusing-capacity-in-sub-saharan-africans-versus-european-caucasians
#1
Bamodi Simaga, Kevin Forton, Yoshiki Motoji, Robert Naeije, Vitalie Faoro
Single breath measurements of lung diffusing capacity (DL) for carbon monoxide (CO) and nitric oxide (NO) were performed in age-, sex-, weight- and height-matched 32 Sub-Saharan Africans (13 women) and 32 Caucasian Europeans, and repeated in 14 of each group at 80% of maximum exercise capacity. In Africans versus Caucasians respectively, DLNO was 153±31 vs 176±38ml/mmHg/min at rest (P<0.001) and 210±48 vs 241±52ml/mmHg/min at exercise (P<0.01) while hemoglobin-adjusted DLCO was 29±6 vs 34±6ml/mmHg/min at rest (P<0...
January 10, 2017: Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068308/the-association-between-weight-height-and-head-circumference-reconsidered
#2
Christiane Scheffler, Holle Greil, Michael Hermanussen
BACKGROUND: Under normal nutritional and health conditions, body height, weight and head circumference are significantly related. We hypothesize that the apparent general association between weight, height and head circumference of the growing child might be misleading. METHODS: We re-analyzed data of 7444 boys and 7375 girls measured in East-Germany between 1986 and 1990, aged from 0 to 7 years with measurements of body length/height, leg length, sitting height, biacromial shoulder breadth, thoracic breadth, thoracic depth, thoracic circumference, body weight, head volume, percentage of body fat, and hip skinfold vertical, using principal component analysis...
January 9, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033044/caliper-method-versus-digital-photogrammetry-for-assessing-arch-height-index-in-pregnant-women
#3
Kathryn D Harrison, Jean L McCrory
BACKGROUND: Foot anthropometry may be altered during pregnancy. Pregnant women often report lower-extremity pain that may be related to these alterations. The Arch Height Index Measurement System is a common method of foot arch assessment; however, the required calipers are costly and are not widely available. Thus, we compared the reliability of a digital photogrammetry method of arch height index (AHI) assessment with that of the Arch Height Index Measurement System. METHODS: Ten pregnant women (mean ± SD: age, 29 ± 4 years; height, 166...
November 2016: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998211/axial-and-appendicular-body-proportions-for-evaluation-of-limb-and-trunk-asymmetry
#4
Douglas S Weinberg, Raymond W Liu, Samuel Q Li, James O Sanders, Daniel R Cooperman
Background and purpose - When children with irregular body proportions or asymmetric limbs present, it may be unclear where the pathology is located. An improved understanding of the clinical ratio between upper extremity, lower extremity, and spine length may help elucidate whether there is disproportion between the trunk and limbs, and whether there is a reduction deficit of the shorter limb rather than hypertrophy of the longer limb. Patients and methods - We used the Brush Foundation study of child growth and development, which was a prospective, longitudinal study of healthy children between the 1930s and the 1950s, and we collected serial clinical measurements for 290 children at 3,326 visits...
December 21, 2016: Acta Orthopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994489/age-and-sex-related-differences-in-the-anthropometry-and-neuromuscular-fitness-of-competitive-taekwondo-athletes
#5
Pantelis Theodoros Nikolaidis, Krzysztof Buśko, Filipe Manuel Clemente, Ioannis Tasiopoulos, Beat Knechtle
Anthropometry and neuromuscular fitness have been shown to relate with taekwondo (TKD) performance; however, little information is available on the variation of these fitness components by sex and age in athletes practicing this sport. The aim of the present study was to examine the anthropometry and neuromuscular fitness of TKD athletes by sex and age. A total of 393 athletes (7-48 years old), separated into six age groups (7-9, 10-11, 12-13, 14-17, 18-32, and 33+), were examined for anthropometry and performed a series of neuromuscular fitness tests (flexibility, agility, muscle power, and isometric strength)...
2016: Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992254/an-investigation-of-structure-flexibility-and-function-variables-that-discriminate-asymptomatic-foot-types
#6
Sarah P Shultz, Jinsup Song, Andrew P Kraszewski, Jocelyn F Hafer, Smita Rao, Sherry Backus, Rajshree Mootanah, Howard J Hillstrom
It has been suggested that foot type consider not only foot structure (high, normal, low arch), but also function (over-pronation, normal, over-supination) and flexibility (reduced, normal, excessive). Therefore, this study used canonical regression analyses to assess which variables of foot structure, function, and flexibility can accurately discriminate between clinical foot type classifications. The feet of 61 asymptomatic, healthy adults (18-77 years) were classified as cavus (N=24), rectus (N=54), or planus (N=44) using standard clinical measures...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Applied Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27991482/the-effects-of-unstable-surface-balance-training-on-postural-sway-stability-functional-ability-and-flexibility-in-women
#7
Svetlana Nepocatych, Caroline J Ketcham, Srikant Vallabhajosula, Gytis Balilionis
BACKGROUND: This study examined the effects of balance training routine, using both sides utilized balance trainer (BOSU) and aerobic step (STEP) on postural sway and functional ability in middle-aged women. METHODS: Twenty-seven females participated in the study, age 40.6 ± 12.0 years, body mass 72.0 ± 14.0 kg, height 164.0 ± 7.7 cm, BMI 26.5 ± 4.5 kg/m2, and relative body fat 33.1 ± 7.4%. Participants were divided into two groups and performed progressive exercise routine on either STEP or BOSU for three weeks...
December 16, 2016: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984478/reliability-of-the-arch-height-index-as-a-measure-of-foot-structure-in-children
#8
Lisa C Drefus, Paz Kedem, Siobhan M Mangan, David M Scher, Howard J Hillstrom
PURPOSE: To determine the intrarater and interrater reliability of the arch height index (AHI) in children developing typically. The AHI is tested with a device that measures foot structure. METHODS: Thirty children, ages 6 to 12 years, participated for a total of n = 60 feet. The AHI measurements were taken by 2 investigators in sitting and standing and repeated twice by each investigator in a single visit. Intrarater and interrater reliabilities were determined using intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) (2,1) statistical analysis...
January 2017: Pediatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27973414/impact-of-an-8-month-trial-using-height-adjustable-desks-on-children-s-classroom-sitting-patterns-and-markers-of-cardio-metabolic-and-musculoskeletal-health
#9
Ana María Contardo Ayala, Jo Salmon, Anna Timperio, Bronwyn Sudholz, Nicola D Ridgers, Parneet Sethi, David W Dunstan
During school hours, children can sit for prolonged and unbroken periods of time. This study investigated the impact of an 8-month classroom-based intervention focusing on reducing and breaking-up sitting time on children's cardio-metabolic risk factors (i.e., body mass index, waist circumference, blood pressure) and perceptions of musculoskeletal discomfort. Two Year-6 classes (24 students per class) in one primary school were assigned to either an intervention or control classroom. The intervention classroom was equipped with height-adjustable desks and the teacher was instructed in the delivery of pedagogical strategies to reduce and break-up sitting in class...
December 10, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956224/impact-of-a-park-based-afterschool-program-replicated-over-five-years-on-modifiable-cardiovascular-disease-risk-factors
#10
Sarah E Messiah, Denise Vidot, Eric Hansen, Jack Kardys, M Sunil Matthew, Maria Nardi, Kristopher L Arheart
Major challenges to the current childhood obesity epidemic include availability of prevention and/or treatment programs that are affordable and acc5essible. We evaluated the change in several modifiable, obesity-related cardiovascular disease risk factors after participation in Fit2Play™, a structured afterschool program housed in a large urban county parks system. Children ages 6-14 who participated in Fit2Play™ in one of 34 parks for one school year during a five-year period (2010-2015) had height, weight, 4-site skinfold thicknesses, systolic/diastolic blood pressure (SBP/DBP), fitness tests, and a health/wellness behavior/knowledge test collected at the beginning and end of the school year...
December 10, 2016: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942141/the-effects-of-sitting-with-the-right-leg-crossed-on-the-trunk-length-and-pelvic-torsion-of-healthy-individuals
#11
Byung Joon Lee, Hyun Gyu Cha, Wan Hee Lee
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to determine the effects on the trunk length and pelvic torsion of healthy individuals that arise from crossing the right leg while sitting. [Subjects and Methods] The subjects in this study were 30 healthy individuals consisting of 18 males and 12 females. The subjects were instructed to sit on a chair, the height of which was adjustable, so that their knee and hip joints were bent at 90°. For the study, they sat stripped to the waist, with the back and hips bare. They were then instructed to perform a one-leg-crossed sitting posture by placing the right leg on the top of the left knee...
November 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936912/a-parametric-model-of-child-body-shape-in-seated-postures
#12
Byoung-Keon D Park, Sheila Ebert, Matthew P Reed
OBJECTIVE: The shape of the current physical and computational surrogates of children used for restraint system assessments are based largely on standard anthropometric dimensions. These scalar dimensions provide valuable information on the overall size of the individual, but do not provide good guidance on shape or posture. This study introduced development of a parametric model, which statistically predicts individual child body shapes in seated postures with a few given parameters...
December 12, 2016: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919432/comparison-of-the-backjoy-sitsmart-relief-and-spine-buddy-lt1-h-c-ergonomic-chair-supports-on-short-term-neck-and-back-pain
#13
John Ward, Jesse Coats
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to perform a needs assessment to determine whether short-term use of BackJoy SitSmart Relief and Spine Buddy LT1 H/C chair supports influences neck, upper back, and lower back pain. METHODS: Forty-eight college students (age, 27.5 ± 6.3 years; height, 1.72 ± 0.08 m; body mass, 78.7 ± 19.8 kg; time seated that day, 4.3 ± 2.8 hours; means ± SD) were recruited for this study. The Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire was used to measure pain for the neck, upper back, and lower back regions...
January 2017: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918654/cold-water-immersion-and-contrast-water-therapy-do-not-improve-short-term-recovery-following-resistance-training
#14
Christos K Argus, James R Broatch, Aaron C Petersen, Remco Polman, David J Bishop, Shona Halson
PURPOSE: An athlete's ability to recover quickly is important when there is limited time between training and competition. As such, recovery strategies are commonly used to expedite the recovery process. The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of both cold water immersion (CWI) and contrast water therapy (CWT) compared to control on short-term recovery (<4h) following a single full-body resistance training session. METHODS: Thirteen males (age, 26 ± 5 years; weight, 79 ± 7 kg; height, 177 ± 5 cm) were assessed for perceptual (fatigue and soreness) and performance measures (maximal voluntary isometric contraction (MVC) of the knee extensors, weighted and unweighted countermovement jumps) prior to and immediately following the training session...
December 5, 2016: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908275/does-standing-or-sitting-position-of-the-anesthesiologist-in-the-operating-theatre-influence-sevoflurane-exposure-during-craniotomies
#15
Péter Sárkány, Béla Tankó, Éva Simon, Judit Gál, Béla Fülesdi, Csilla Molnár
BACKGROUND: Exposure of the OR staff to inhalational anesthetics has been proven by numerous investigators, but its potential adverse effect under the present technical circumstances is a debated issue. The aim of the present work was to test whether using a laminar flow air conditioning system exposure of the team to anesthetic gases is different if the anesthetist works in the sitting as compared to the standing position. METHODS: Sample collectors were placed at the side of the patient and were fixed at two different heights: at 100 cm (modelling sitting position) and 175 cm (modelling standing position), whereas the third collector was placed at the independent corner of the OR...
December 1, 2016: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872956/hip-fracture-registries-utility-description-and-comparison
#16
P Sáez-López, F Brañas, N Sánchez-Hernández, N Alonso-García, J I González-Montalvo
: Hip fractures (HF) are prevalent and involve high morbidity and mortality so improving their management is important. HF registries are a good way to improve knowledge about this condition and its quality of care, while at the same time reducing clinical variability, optimizing efficiency, improving outcomes, and reducing costs. INTRODUCTION: Hip fractures (HF) are a prevalent fragility fracture secondary to osteoporosis that involves high morbidity and mortality...
November 21, 2016: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868304/individual-social-and-environmental-factors-and-their-association-with-weight-in-rural-dwelling-women
#17
Cheryce L Harrison, Helena J Teede, Samantha Kozica, Sophia Zoungas, Catherine B Lombard
OBJECTIVE: Obesity is a major public health concern and women living in rural settings present a high-risk group. With contributing factors poorly explored, we evaluated their association with weight in rural Australian women. METHODS: Women aged 18-50 years of any body mass index (BMI) were recruited between October 2012 and April 2013 as part of a larger, randomised controlled trial within 42 rural towns. Measured weight and height as well as self-reported measures of individual health, physical activity, dietary intake, self-management, social support and environmental perception were collected...
November 20, 2016: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866600/maintaining-a-healthy-bmi-data-from-a-16-year-study-of-young-australian-women
#18
Wendy J Brown, Enamul Kabir, Bronwyn K Clark, Sjaan R Gomersall
INTRODUCTION: The aims of this prospective cohort study were to examine 16-year trajectories of weight and BMI in young adult women who had a healthy BMI in 1996 and determinants of remaining in the healthy BMI category. METHODS: A total of 4,881 women with healthy BMI at baseline and either healthy, overweight, or obese BMI at 16-year follow-up reported their weight, height, health, and health behaviors in six surveys of the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health between 1996 (aged 18-23 years) and 2012 (aged 34-39 years)...
December 2016: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864433/effect-of-occupational-physical-activities-on-vertebral-dimensions-in-midlife-in-the-northern-finland-birth-cohort-1966
#19
Petteri Oura, Markus Paananen, Jaakko Niinimäki, Juha Auvinen, Leena Ala-Mursula, Juho-Antti Junno, Jaro Karppinen
OBJECTIVES: The vertebral cross-sectional area (CSA) is a major determinant of vertebral strength. Since leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) is known to affect vertebral CSA, we hypothesised that engagement in physical activity at work might have similar effects on vertebral size. We aimed to examine the association between various adulthood occupational physical activities (OPA) and vertebral CSA, and to evaluate the association between OPA intensity and vertebral CSA. METHODS: We used the prospective population-based Northern Finland Birth Cohort 1966...
November 18, 2016: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852520/evaluating-the-impact-of-watercell-%C3%A2-technology-on-pressure-redistribution-and-comfort-discomfort-of-adults-with-limited-mobility
#20
Carol Bartley, Melanie Stephens
AIM OF THE STUDY: The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of WaterCell(®) Technology on pressure redistribution and self-reported comfort and discomfort scores of adults with mobility problems who remain seated for extended periods of time. METHODS: Twelve participants, were recruited and ranged in gender, age, height, weight, and body mass index. Five were male, seven were female, and five were permanent wheelchair users. Each participant was randomly allocated a chair, whose seat comprised of visco-elastic memory foam, high-elastic reflex foam, and watercells, to trial for a week...
November 5, 2016: Journal of Tissue Viability
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