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Ong-Art Phruetthiphat, Michael Willey, Matthew D Karam, Yubo Gao, Brian O Westerlind, J Lawrence Marsh
OBJECTIVE: To compare patients with acetabular fractures that are isolated (acetabular fracture alone) and acetabular fracture presenting with additional non-acetabular injury using functional outcomes, complications, and readmissions. DESIGN: Retrospective review SETTING:: Level 1 Trauma CenterPatients/Participants: 215 patients underwent open surgical treatment for acetabular fracture between 2003 and 2012 with age ≥18 years and minimum one year follow-up inclusive of functional scores and complications...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
Marianne E Witte, Suzanne Holewijn, Ramon R van Eekeren, Jean-Paul de Vries, Clark J Zeebregts, Michel M P J Reijnen
PURPOSE: To report the midterm results of mechanochemical ablation (MOCA) for treating great saphenous vein (GSV) insufficiency. METHODS: In a 1-year period, 85 consecutive patients (median age 51.4 years; 71 women) undergoing MOCA with polidocanol in 104 limbs were enrolled in a prospective registry. The patients were evaluated at baseline and during follow-up (4 weeks and 1, 2, and 3 years) using duplex ultrasound, the CEAP (clinical, etiologic, anatomic and pathophysiologic) classification, the Venous Clinical Severity Score (VCSS), the RAND Short Form 36-Item Health Survey (RAND-SF36), and the Aberdeen Varicose Vein Questionnaire (AVVQ)...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Endovascular Therapy
Luis Gerardo Natera Cisneros, Juan Sarasquete Reiriz
INTRODUCTION: Surgical indication for acromioclavicular joint (ACJ) injuries still represents a reason for shoulder and trauma debate. In high-grade injuries, surgery is advocated because some of the non-operatively managed patients may have persistent shoulder pain that could make them unable to return to their previous activity. It has been shown that many of the patients with high-grade ACJ injuries that are managed non-operatively involve the development of scapular dyskinesis, situation that may result in loss of strength and weakness...
October 12, 2016: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
Kae Sian Tay, Anupreet Bassi, William Yeo, Wai Mun Yue
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: There is no current literature comparing outcomes of patients with and without lumbar scoliosis having neurological symptoms undergoing Minimally Invasive Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion (MIS TLIF) technique. PURPOSE: To determine whether associated lumbar scoliosis will result in different clinical, radiological and operative outcomes in patients undergoing focal MISTLIF for neurogenic symptoms, without specific correction of the scoliosis...
October 7, 2016: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
Maren E Hilton, Terence Gioe, Siamak Noorbaloochi, Jasvinder A Singh
BACKGROUND: Previous studies suggested that pre-operative comorbidity was a risk factor for worse outcomes after TKA. To our knowledge, studies have not examined whether postoperative changes in comorbidity impact pain and function outcomes longitudinally. Our objective was to examine if increasing comorbidity postoperatively is associated with worsening physical function and pain after primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA). METHODS: We performed a retrospective chart review of veterans who had completed Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) and Short Form-36 (SF36) surveys at regular intervals after primary TKA...
October 7, 2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Mohammad Heidari, Mansureh Ghodusi
OBJECTIVE: Thus, the present research was carried out aimed at determining the relationship between self-esteem and locus of control and quality of life during treatment stages in the patients referring to drug addiction rehabilitation centers of Borujen city, Iran. METHODS: The current study was a sectional research of descriptive correlation type. The research sample was 150 individuals of patients referring to addiction rehabilitation centers of Borujen city...
July 24, 2016: Materia Socio-medica
Vincent Barlogis, Nizar Mahlaoui, Pascal Auquier, Isabelle Pellier, Fanny Fouyssac, Camille Vercasson, Maya Allouche, Carolina Brito De Azevedo, Felipe Suarez, Despina Moshous, Bénédicte Neven, Marlène Pasquet, Eric Jeziorski, Nathalie Aladjidi, Nicolas Schleinitz, Caroline Thomas, Virginie Gandemer, Françoise Mazingue, Patrick Lutz, Olivier Hermine, Capucine Picard, Stéphane Blanche, Gérard Michel, Alain Fischer
BACKGROUND: Most children with primary immune deficiency (PID) now reach adulthood. However, few studies have evaluated their health status and health related quality of life (HRQoL). OBJECTIVE: To investigate long-term morbidity, the French Reference Center for PIDs initiated a prospective multicenter cohort: the F-CILC (French Childhood Immune deficiency Long-term Cohort). The data collected was used to assess the physical health condition of patients who reached adulthood and the impact on their quality of life...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Louise M Fuller, Brenda Button, Ben Tarrant, Ranjana Steward, Lisa Bennett, Greg Snell, Anne E Holland
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the effects of a supervised longer (14 week) versus shorter duration, (7 week) rehabilitation program after lung transplantation (LTX). DESIGN: Randomised controlled trial SETTING: Post lung transplantation patients were randomised to either a shorter rehabilitation program (7 weeks) or a longer program (14 weeks) in an outpatient rehabilitation gym setting. PARTICIPANTS: Post lung transplantation patients aged 18 years or older who had undergone either single (SLTX) or bilateral lung (BSLTX) transplantation...
September 30, 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
G Nielsen, M Buszewicz, F Stevenson, R Hunter, K Holt, M Dudziec, L Ricciardi, J Marsden, E Joyce, M J Edwards
OBJECTIVE: To determine the feasibility of conducting a randomised controlled trial of a specialist physiotherapy intervention for functional motor symptoms (FMS). METHODS: A randomised feasibility study was conducted recruiting patients with a clinically established diagnosis of FMS from a tertiary neurology clinic in London, UK. Participants were randomised to the intervention or a treatment as usual control. Measures of feasibility and clinical outcome were collected and assessed at 6 months...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
Vincent Tiffreau, François Kopciuch, André Thevenon, François Rannou, Eric Hachulla, Philippe Thoumie
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the medium-term functional impact and effect on quality of life of a standardized rehabilitation programme in patients with polymyositis and dermatomyositis. MATERIALS/PATIENTS AND METHODS: Design: a multicentre, randomized, controlled trial. - Setting: four university hospitals in France. - Participants: 20 patients suffering from polymyositis and dermatomyositis. - Interventions: the intervention group participated in a four-week standardized, hospital-based rehabilitation programme and then a personalized, self-managed, home-based rehabilitation programme...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Etienne Savard
OBJECTIVE: Dysimmune encephalitis are neurologic diseases that are more and more diagnosed. Most of patients are young and active. Cognitive and behavior troubles can delay the diagnosis and can cause disability. Functional outcome is not routinely assessed. The aim of this study is to describe the activities and participation several months after the onset. MATERIALS/PATIENTS AND METHODS: Four cases have been handled in the same multidisciplinary rehabilitation unit...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Houda Migaou Miled, Hichem Ben Brahim, Yafa Hadj Hassine, Soumaya Boudokhane, Nesrine Abdelkafi, Aymen Haj Salah, Sana Salah, Anis Jellad, Zohra Ben Salah Frih
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the quality of life and psychological state of the lower limb amputees. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Prospective study on the lower limb amputees followed at the Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation department of the University Hospital of Monastir. The variables analyzed were epidemiological, clinical with an assessment of the patients quality of life using the quality score of life "Short form 36" (SF_36) and a psychological evaluation by the score "Hospital Anxiety and Depression scale" (HAD)...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Thibaut Mirlicourtois, Tche Hong Loquineau, Pierre Yves Chagnon, Thomas Rondepierre, Serge Mirlicourtois, Jean Christophe Bonnardel
OBJECTIVE: The replacement of a mechanical knee with prosthetic class I foot fitting by an electronic knee with prosthetic class II foot was proposed to a 54-years-old schizophrenic patient, active, with right femoral and left tibial traumatic amputation. This fitting evolution was assessed both quantitatively and qualitatively. OBSERVATIONS/METHOD: Compared evaluation of electronic knee with prosthetic class II foot versus mechanical polycentric knee with prosthetic class I foot (fitting unchanged moreover) in: - functional abilities and quality of life using standardized scores (Functional Ambulation Classification, Houghton, Functional Independence Measurement, B...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Laila Mahir, Karima Belhaj, Siham Zahi, Herman Azanmasso, Fatima Lmidmani, Abdellatif El Fatimi
OBJECTIVE/INTRODUCTION: The aging of the population is of osteoarthritis a major public health problem. It is a source of pain and functional disability and therefore has a very important social and professional impact. OBJECTIVE: To review the quality of life for knee osteoarthritis people across scales. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: descriptive prospective study over 6 months of 30 knee OA patients collected in physical medicine and functional rehabilitation of Ibn Rushd University Hospital, Casablanca, Morocco...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Sameh Ghroubi, Islem Feki, Samar Alila, Mohamed Habib Elleuch
OBJECTIVE: The goal of the study was to assess fatigue in traumatic brain injury patients (TBI), identify potential predictors of its occurrence and its impact on quality of life. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional descriptive study about 25 patients suffering from TBI conducted in the physical medicine and rehabilitation department. The fatigue assessment was performed by two scales: Fatigue Severity Scale (FSS) and EVA Fatigue (EVAF)...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
C Reagon, N Gale, R Dow, I Lewis, R van Deursen
Cancer survival rates have improved dramatically over recent years, however, health-related quality of life (HRQoL) for many patients, survivors and their families remains low even after successful treatment. This mixed-methods observational study explored the effects of participation in community choirs on HRQoL in individuals who have had cancer (patients) or have been affected by cancer (non-patients). This included a longitudinal analysis of choristers commencing the Tenovus Cancer Care "Sing with Us" choirs across Wales and a series of semi-structured interviews and focus groups...
September 20, 2016: European Journal of Cancer Care
Xianglong Xu, Yunshuang Rao, Zumin Shi, Lingli Liu, Cheng Chen, Yong Zhao
Hypertension is a major risk factor of cardiovascular disease in China, and yet little is known about health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and its associations with demographic and social-economic characteristics in middle-aged patients with hypertension. A cross-sectional survey was undertaken in Chongqing, China, using a multistage stratified random sampling methodology. Data was collected on 1,224 eligible adults, aged between 45 and 53 years, including the Medical Outcomes Survey Short Form-36 to measure HRQOL...
2016: International Journal of Hypertension
Timothy L T Siu, Kainu Lin
OBJECTIVE: The concept of minimally invasive tubular discectomy is based on precise placement of the retractor over the surgical target to minimize collateral tissue trauma. For far lateral disc herniation, the junction between the pars and the transverse process has generally been adopted as the target for facilitating early nerve root exposure; however, this may limit access to the disc space and increase the risks of iatrogenic neuralgia. An alternative approach to help address these issues involving docking the retractor caudally directly over the disc space with the aid of a microscope is here proposed...
August 2016: Orthopaedic Surgery
Nicola Lamberti, Sofia Straudi, Anna M Malagoni, Matteo ARGIRò, Michele Felisatti, Eleonora Nardini, Christel Zambon, Nino Basaglia, Fabio Manfredini
BACKGROUND: Chronic stroke survivors are exposed to long-term disability and physical deconditioning, effects that may impact their independence and quality of life. Community-based programs optimizing the dose of exercise therapy that are simultaneously low risk and able to achieve high adherence should be identified. AIM: We tested the hypothesis that an 8-week, community-based, progressive mixed endurance- resistance exercise program at lower cardiovascular and muscular load yielded more mobility benefits than a higher-intensity program in chronic stroke survivors...
September 14, 2016: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
V V Ramesh Chandra, B C M Prasad, C Krishna Mohan, T C Kalawat, V Satyanarayana, A Y Lakshmi
BACKGROUND: Low back pain is caused by a variety of conditions. When conventional imaging failed, single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) was superior to scintigraphy in identifying the pathology. Injection therapies are often helpful in treating the pathology. AIM: To determine the cause of chronic low backache in individuals with normal conventional imaging (radiographs, computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging), to determine the specific pathology using scintigraphic studies and diagnostic blocks; and, to treat the individuals with various spinal injection techniques and determine their efficacy...
September 2016: Neurology India
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