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Treatment halitosis

Francisco Wilker Mustafa Gomes Muniz, Stephanie Anagnostopoulos Friedrich, Carina Folgearini Silveira, Cassiano Kuchenbecker Rösing
This study aimed to analyze the impact of chewing gum on halitosis parameters. Three databases were searched with the following focused question: 'Can chewing gum additionally reduce halitosis parameters, such as organoleptic scores and volatile sulfur compounds (VSC), when compared to a control treatment'? Controlled clinical trials presenting at least two halitosis measurements (organoleptic scores and/or VSC) were included. Ten studies were included, and different active ingredients were used. One study was performed using a chewing gum without any active ingredient...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Breath Research
Yasaman Ramazani, Elena N Levtchenko, Lambertus Van Den Heuvel, Ann Van Schepdael, Prasanta Paul, Ekaterina A Ivanova, Anna Pastore, Trina M Hartman, Neil P J Price
Cystinosis is a genetic disorder caused by malfunction of cystinosin and is characterized by accumulation of cystine. Cysteamine, the medication used in cystinosis, causes halitosis resulting in poor patient compliance. Halitosis is mainly caused by the formation of dimethylsulfide as the final product in the cysteamine metabolism pathway. We have synthesized carbohydrate-cysteamine thiazolidines, and hypothesized that the hydrolytic breakdown of cysteamine-thiazolidines can result in free cysteamine being released in target organs...
February 1, 2017: Carbohydrate Research
Olufemi Elijah Oyetola, Foluso John Owotade, Olawumi Adedoyin Fatusi, Saheed Olatunji
AIMS: The aims of this study were to describe the pattern of presentation of halitosis and to evaluate the success rate following routine dental intervention irrespective of the type of halitosis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted among sixty consecutive patients who presented in our Oral Diagnosis and Oral Medicine Clinic, Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospitals Complex, Ile-Ife, on account of halitosis from May 2015 to April 2016...
October 2016: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
T Hussain, J T Maurer, S Lang, B A Stuck
Zenker's diverticulum occurs at the dorsal pharyngoesophageal junction through Killian's dehiscence and is caused by increased intrabolus pressure. Symptomatic disease most frequently affects male elderly patients. Primary symptom is oropharyngeal dysphagia, as well as regurgitation of undigested food, halitosis, and chronic aspiration. A barium swallow study is performed to confirm diagnosis. Treatment options for symptomatic patients include open surgery, as well as transoral rigid or flexible endoscopic procedures...
December 8, 2016: HNO
Pratibha Mamgain, Abhishek Kandwal, Ravindra K Mamgain
: Present study evaluates efficacy of Trifala and Ela as plaque controlling agent and compares it with chlorhexidine. AIM: To evaluate Antigingivitis, Antiplaque and Antihalitosis effect of Triphala and Ela decoction. A randomized sample of 60 patients with plaque induced gingivitis was enrolled and equally divided into two groups group A and group B. Group A was given Trifala and Ela decoction and Group B Chlorehexidine mouthwash for 21 days twice daily. Gingival inflammation index, plaque index and Organoleptic scoring scale was recorded at baseline, 14th day and 21st day...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Evidence-based Complementary & Alternative Medicine
Bernardi Sara, Marzo Giuseppe, Continenza Maria Adelaide
OBJECTIVE: The interest in the study of the tongue papillary niches and the related biofilm has increased in recent years because they form a suitable source of periodontal microorganisms and are associated with development of halitosis. Tongue dorsum structure represents a factor favoring a particular and complex bacterial biofilm where periodontal pathogens are frequently found. The aim of this preliminary study was to associate the tongue papillary structure with the biofilm causing halitosis by means of a new clinical protocol...
June 2016: Acta Stomatologica Croatica
Ottorino Perrone, Valentina Tassi, Benedetta Mattioli, Niccolò Daddi, Mariella Uneddu, Ignazio Borghesi, Sandro Mattioli
OBJECTIVES: Pharyngo-oesophageal perforation is a rare, life-threatening complication of anterior cervical discectomy and fusion surgery; its management remains poorly defined. We reviewed our experience to understand the treatment of this dreadful complication. METHODS: Data regarding the demographics, clinical course, diagnosis, management and outcomes of 15 cases of pharyngo-oesophageal perforations in 14 patients were collected during the period from 2003 to 2016...
January 2017: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
Juliana Oliveira Silveira, Fernando Oliveira Costa, Peterson Antônio Dutra Oliveira, Bernardo Carvalho Dutra, Sheila Cavalca Cortelli, José Roberto Cortelli, Luís Otávio Miranda Cota, Alcione Maria Soares Dutra Oliveira
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to compare the effect of one-stage full-mouth disinfection (FMD) and conventional quadrant scaling in four weekly sessions (QS) on periodontal clinical parameters and halitosis among individuals with advanced chronic periodontitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this randomized controlled clinical trial, 30 individuals were divided into two groups: FMD (n = 15) and QS (n = 15). The following data were collected at the baseline and 90 days after treatment: plaque index, tongue-coating index (TCI), bleeding on probing, probing depth, and clinical attachment level...
September 10, 2016: Clinical Oral Investigations
Magdalena Janczarek, Teresa Bachanek, Elżbieta Mazur, Renata Chałas
The dynamic development of knowledge in the field of probiotics was commenced at the beginning of the 20th century. Since then, many ways of their possible usage in medicine have been established. In accordance with the WHO, probiotics are live microorganisms, which if applied in adequate amounts may benefit the host. Among probiotics, fungi and bacteria are distinguished, and mechanisms of action of these organisms in the oral cavity and gut are parallel. Application in dentistry, in prophylaxis and treatment of oral diseases is still not well known...
January 4, 2016: Postȩpy Higieny i Medycyny Doświadczalnej
C O A Enyuma, M Offiong, A Adekanye, U Akpan, N Ezeanyagu, O Uffiah
Foreign body (FB) in the aerodigestive tracts has been commonly reported but findings of impacted foreign bodies in the nasopharynx following inhalation/ingestion are very rare. Most of the FB gets lodged as a result of forceful vomiting, coughing,and digital manoeuvres for removal of FB in the oropharynx. Several objects have been identified lodged in the nasopharynx. No age group is spared although most victims are children under 10 years of age. Foreign bodies in the nasopharynx can be uneventful or potentially dangerous depending on type, size and location as it may cause sudden airway obstruction, or local pressure necrosis of alimentary or respiratory tract or both...
October 2015: Nigerian Journal of Medicine: Journal of the National Association of Resident Doctors of Nigeria
Rainer Seemann, Andreas Filippi, Sebastian Michaelis, Susanne Lauterbach, Hans-Dieter John, Jörg Huismann
Halitosis occurs in approximately 30% of the adult population and has a negative social and psychological impact on affected individuals. Mouthwashes may be used to prevent unpleasant odour, with long-duration of effect being a desirable attribute. The aim of this study was to assess the long-term efficacy of CB12 (a mixture of 0.3% zinc acetate and 0.025% chlorhexidine) for the treatment of intra-oral halitosis. Thirty-four subjects with confirmed intra-oral halitosis were randomized into a double-blind, controlled, cross-over study to one of 2 groups; (i) CB12-water-water or (ii) water-CB12-CB12...
June 22, 2016: Journal of Breath Research
Ana Carolina Costa da Mota, Cristiane Miranda França, Renato Prates, Alessandro Melo Deana, Larissa Costa Santos, Rubia Lopes Garcia, Marcela Letícia Leal Gonçalves, Raquel Agnelli Mesquita Ferrari, Kristianne Porta Santos Fernandes, Sandra Kalil Bussadori
Halitosis can exert a negative influence on the social relations of adolescents and affect one's self-image. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical and microbiological effect of antimicrobial photodynamic therapy (aPDT) on halitosis in adolescents. Forty-six individuals aged 12 to 19 years were randomly allocated: Group 1 - treatment with photodynamic therapy; Group 2 - treatment with a tongue scraper and Group 3 - treatment with a tongue scraper and photodynamic therapy. The count of bacterial colony-forming units per milliliter was used for the microbiological analysis...
December 2016: Journal of Biophotonics
Zbys Fedorowicz, Hamad Aljufairi, Mona Nasser, Trent L Outhouse, Vinícius Pedrazzi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Isabelle C Jeusette, Aurora Mateo Román, Celina Torre, Josep Crusafont, Nuria Sánchez, Maria C Sánchez, Leire Pérez-Salcedo, David Herrera
OBJECTIVE To determine whether consumption of a single dental treat with specific mechanical properties and active ingredients would provide a 24-hour effect on dental plaque bacteria and halitosis in dogs. ANIMALS 10 dogs of various breeds from a privately owned colony that had received routine dental scaling and polishing 4 weeks before the study began. PROCEDURES Dogs were randomly assigned to receive 1 placebo or dental treat first. A 4-week washout period was provided, and then dogs received the opposite treatment...
June 2016: American Journal of Veterinary Research
Soumya Penala, Butchibabu Kalakonda, Krishnajaneya Reddy Pathakota, Avula Jayakumar, Pradeep Koppolu, Bolla Vijaya Lakshmi, Ruchi Pandey, Ashank Mishra
OBJECTIVE: Periodontitis is known to have multifactorial etiology, involving interplay between environmental, host and microbial factors. The current treatment approaches are aimed at reducing the pathogenic microorganisms. Administration of beneficial bacteria (probiotics) has emerged as a promising concept in the prevention and treatment of periodontitis. Thus, the aim of the present study is to evaluate the efficacy of the local use of probiotics as an adjunct to scaling and root planing (SRP) in the treatment of patients with chronic periodontitis and halitosis...
April 2016: Journal of Research in Pharmacy Practice
Uditi Kapoor, Gaurav Sharma, Manish Juneja, Archna Nagpal
Halitosis or oral malodor is an offensive odor originating from the oral cavity, leading to anxiety and psychosocial embarrassment. A patient with halitosis is most likely to contact primary care practitioner for the diagnosis and management. With proper diagnosis, identification of the etiology and timely referrals certain steps are taken to create a successful individualized therapeutic approach for each patient seeking assistance. It is significant to highlight the necessity of an interdisciplinary method for the treatment of halitosis to prevent misdiagnosis or unnecessary treatment...
April 2016: European Journal of Dentistry
Gabriella Bathgate, Haythem Ali, Mohamed Aboul Enein, Liam Poynter
This report describes an unusual cause for halitosis and an unusual treatment for the underlying problem. Halitosis is a symptom which can result from a diverse range of underlying pathologies, most frequently those affecting the oral cavity or respiratory tract. Uncommonly, it arises due to pathology within the upper gastrointestinal tract. The case of a patient presenting with severe persistent halitosis attributable to mesh erosion occurring 8 years after redo laparoscopic hiatus hernia repair is described...
2016: BMJ Case Reports
Erika Horácio Pinto, Priscila Larcher Longo, Caroline Cristina Batista de Camargo, Simone Dal Corso, Fernanda De Cordoba Lanza, Rafael Stelmach, Rodrigo Athanazio, Kristianne Porta Santos Fernandes, Marcia Pinto Alves Mayer, Sandra Kalil Bussadori, Raquel Agnelli Mesquita Ferrari, Anna Carolina Ratto Tempestini Horliana
INTRODUCTION: The association between periodontal disease (PD) and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) has been widely studied, with aspiration of periodontal pathogens being one of the most accepted causal mechanisms for pulmonary exacerbation. Periodontal treatment (PT) was associated with a decrease in these exacerbations. Bronchiectasis is a pulmonary disease that has many similarities to COPD; however, there are no studies correlating this condition to PD thus far. This study will evaluate if PT reduces proinflammatory cytokines in serum and saliva, as well as halitosis and the amount of microorganisms associated with exacerbation of bronchiectasis in saliva, sputum and nasal lavage 3 months after PT...
April 15, 2016: BMJ Open
Sophie De Geest, Isabelle Laleman, Wim Teughels, Christel Dekeyser, Marc Quirynen
Bad breath (halitosis) is an important social complaint. In most cases (≥90%), the cause of halitosis can be found within the oral cavity. Under this circumstance, the term oral malodor applies. It affects both healthy and periodontally diseased individuals. Oral malodor is mainly caused by a microbial degradation of both sulfur-containing and nonsulfur-containing amino acids into volatile, bad-smelling gases. Anaerobic gram-negative bacteria, the same species that have been linked to periodontal diseases, are especially involved in this process, explaining why clinicians often associate oral malodor with periodontitis...
June 2016: Periodontology 2000
Mark I Ryder, Gary C Armitage
There remains a high prevalence of mild-to-moderate forms of periodontal diseases in both developed and developing countries. Although many periodontal specialty practices currently place strong emphasis on implant surgery, periodontal plastic surgery and esthetics, general dentists and hygienists have often assumed more responsibility than periodontal specialty practices for the diagnosis, treatment, assessment and maintenance, and possible referral, of their patients. To address these current trends and challenges, this volume of Periodontology 2000 presents a series of topics on the basic biological principles of periodontal disease, as well as on approaches to diagnosis, treatment planning and treatment, in what is called 'conservative' or 'noninvasive' periodontal therapy...
June 2016: Periodontology 2000
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