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"conversion disorder" pediatric

Nicole A Miranda, Jeffrey R Boris, Kristen M Kouvel, Lauren Stiles
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome (POTS) is increasingly recognized as a complication affecting recovery from concussion. Individuals with POTS demonstrate refractory dizziness, lightheadedness, cognitive dysfunction, fatigue, headache, chronic pain, nausea and gastrointestinal dysmotility, activity and exercise intolerance, syncope, and tachycardia. Subtypes of POTS may include hypovolemia, hyperadrenergic states, autonomic neuropathy, and underlying autoimmunity, which may variably impact response to rehabilitation in varying ways...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy: JNPT
Lisa Caulley, Scott Kohlert, Hazen Gandy, Janet Olds, Matthew Bromwich
BACKGROUND: Conversion disorder refers to functional bodily impairments that can be precipitated by high stress situations including trauma and surgery. Symptoms of conversion disorder may mimic or complicate otolaryngology diseases in the pediatric population. CASE PRESENTATION: In this report, the authors describe 3 cases of conversion disorder that presented to a pediatric otolaryngology-head and neck surgery practice. This report highlights a unique population of patients who have not previously been investigated...
May 29, 2018: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
Ashlee Bolger, Andrew Collins, Michelle Michels, David Pruitt
BACKGROUND: Conversion disorder (CD) can lead to impaired functioning. Few studies present demographic and outcome data for pediatric patients. Many have had success with rehabilitation; however, further details are not known. OBJECTIVE: To identify characteristics and outcomes of children admitted to a pediatric inpatient rehabilitation program with CD symptoms. DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: Inpatient rehabilitation unit within a large children's hospital...
March 14, 2018: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
Vítor Ferreira Leite, Carla Andrade Araújo
CONTEXT: The aim of the present clinical review was to illustrate the diagnostic difficulty associated with psychotic experiences during adolescence, in the light of the multiplicity of circumstances interplaying during this period. It was also intended to illustrate the observation that not all hallucinations occur in the context of a declared psychotic disorder. CASE REPORT: The patient was a 16-year-old adolescent girl who came to the Emergency Department of Coimbra Pediatric Hospital...
August 21, 2017: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
Mark T Mackay, Adriana Yock-Corrales, Leonid Churilov, Paul Monagle, Geoffrey A Donnan, Franz E Babl
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Access to acute stroke interventions in the emergency department (ED) relies on correct clinical diagnosis. Our aims were to determine the accuracy and reliability of pediatric ED physician diagnosis of childhood stroke and other conditions presenting with brain attack symptoms. METHODS: Prospective study of consecutive children aged 1 month to 18 years presenting to the ED from June 2009 to December 2010 with focal neurological deficits...
May 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
Erik J Nelson, Jennifer Y Wu
BACKGROUND Postoperative conversion disorder is rare and has been reported. The diagnosis is usually made after all major organic causes have been ruled out. CASE REPORT We describe a case of a 13-year-old female who presented in the post-anesthesia care unit with acute-onset inspiratory stridor and unresponsiveness to verbal or painful stimuli after receiving a general anesthetic for upper endoscopy. Later in the post-anesthesia care unit, she presented with acute-onset right hemiplegia and sensory loss. She was first evaluated for causes of her stridor and unresponsiveness...
January 17, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
Ian Kodish
Functional neurological symptom disorder (FNSD) is characterized by motor or sensory impairments inconsistent with recognized neurologic conditions. Usually emerging in adolescence, somatic symptoms remain challenging for the physician to assess and treat. Also termed "conversion disorder," FNSD has been recently reconceptualized with greater diagnostic emphasis on positive neurologic findings while eliminating the requirement for a precipitating stressor. This has broadened the initial treatment emphasis from mandating psychotherapeutic engagement to a more collaborative model that requires open communication of neurologic findings and strives to align with families' perspectives...
October 1, 2016: Pediatric Annals
Mark T Mackay, Adriana Yock-Corrales, Leonid Churilov, Paul Monagle, Geoffrey A Donnan, Franz E Babl
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Clinical identification of stroke in the pediatric emergency department is critical for improving access to hyperacute therapies. We identified key clinical features associated with childhood stroke or transient ischemic attack compared with mimics. METHODS: Two hundred and eighty consecutive children presenting to the emergency department with mimics, prospectively recruited over 18 months from 2009 to 2010, were compared with 102 children with stroke or transient ischemic attack, prospectively/retrospectively recruited from 2003 to 2010...
October 2016: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
Mark T Mackay, Leonid Churilov, Geoffrey A Donnan, Franz E Babl, Paul Monagle
OBJECTIVE: To assess the utility of the Cincinnati Prehospital Stroke Scale (CPSS) and Recognition of Stroke in the Emergency Room (ROSIER) tools in children presenting to the emergency department (ED) with brain attack symptoms. METHODS: The ROSIER and CPSS tools were retrospectively applied to 101 children with stroke, presenting from 2003 to 2010, and prospectively to 279 children with mimics, presenting from 2009 to 2010. Positive CPSS was defined as ≥1 positive sign (face/asymmetrical arm weakness, speech disturbance)...
June 7, 2016: Neurology
Simona Bujoreanu, Edin Randall, Katharine Thomson, Patricia Ibeziako
OBJECTIVES: To describe demographic, diagnostic, and psychosocial characteristics of medically admitted patients diagnosed with somatoform disorders. METHODS: Retrospective chart reviews were performed for pediatric patients (ages 3-18 years) seen by the Psychiatry Consultation Service in 2010 and 2011 on inpatient medical/surgical units and diagnosed with somatoform disorders. Data included demographic information; patient medical history, physical symptom characteristics, and service utilization; psychiatric diagnoses, history, and comorbidities, patient temperament, and coping style; family characteristics; and academic and social characteristics...
September 2014: Hospital Pediatrics
Katharine Thomson, Edin Randall, Patricia Ibeziako, I Simona Bujoreanu
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to describe past traumatic experiences in medically-admitted pediatric and young adult patients diagnosed with somatoform disorders and to explore the demographic, diagnostic, and psychosocial differences between those with and without trauma histories. METHODS: Retrospective medical record reviews were performed for patients (aged 3-29 years) seen by the Psychiatry Consultation Service (2010-2011) at a pediatric medical hospital and diagnosed with a somatoform disorder...
November 2014: Psychosomatics
Sigita Plioplys, Julia Doss, Prabha Siddarth, Brenda Bursch, Tatiana Falcone, Marcy Forgey, Kyle Hinman, W Curt LaFrance, Rebecca Laptook, Richard J Shaw, Deborah M Weisbrot, Matthew D Willis, Rochelle Caplan
OBJECTIVE: Psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNES) in youth are symptoms of a difficult to diagnose and treat conversion disorder. PNES is associated with high medical and psychiatric morbidity, but specific PNES risk factors in the pediatric population are not known. We examined if youth with PNES have a distinct biopsychosocial risk factor profile compared to their siblings and if the interrelationships between these risk factors differentiate the PNES probands from the sibling group...
November 2014: Epilepsia
Richard Barnum
Conversion Disorder (CD) is a diagnosis offered to explain signs and symptoms that do not correspond to recognized medical conditions. Pediatric patients with variable, vague, and multisystem complaints are at increased risk for being diagnosed with CD. Little is known about the impact of such a diagnosis. In making such diagnoses, it is likely that pediatric providers hope to encourage patients to access mental health care, but no basis exists to show that these diagnoses result in such access in any useful way...
2014: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
Mark T Mackay, Zhi Kai Chua, Michelle Lee, Adriana Yock-Corrales, Leonid Churilov, Paul Monagle, Geoffrey A Donnan, Franz E Babl
OBJECTIVES: To determine symptoms, signs, and etiology of brain attacks in children presenting to the emergency department (ED) as a first step for developing a pediatric brain attack pathway. METHODS: Prospective observational study of children aged 1 month to 18 years with brain attacks (defined as apparently abrupt-onset focal brain dysfunction) and ongoing symptoms or signs on arrival to the ED. Exclusion criteria included epilepsy, hydrocephalus, head trauma, and isolated headache...
April 22, 2014: Neurology
Jelena Radić, Igor Prpić, Petar Vukelić, Antun Sasso
Psychogenic non-epileptic seizures (PNES) are paroxysmal attacks that resemble and are often misdiagnosed as epileptic seizures, but are not associated with abnormal cortical electrical discharge. PNES are one of the most important differential diagnosis of epilepsy. However, despite the fact that they are recognized as a specific clinical phenomenon and that the appearance of video-EEG enabled clinicians to set a definitive diagnosis, our understanding of the etiology, present brain processes and resulting classification, nosology and treatment are quite deficient...
July 2013: Lijec̆nic̆ki Vjesnik
Colin Reilly, Leanne Menlove, Virginia Fenton, Krishna B Das
One of the considerations when a child presents with paroxysmal events is psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNES). PNES are discernible changes in behavior or consciousness that resemble epileptic seizures but are not accompanied by electrophysiologic changes. They are usually understood as the manifestation of a conversion disorder that reflects underlying psychological distress. There is a lack of population-based data on the prevalence or incidence of PNES in pediatric populations. The prevalence of PNES in children would appear to be lower than that in the adult population, but the prevalence of PNES seems to increase with age, and nonepileptic paroxysmal events are more likely to be PNES in adolescence than earlier in childhood...
October 2013: Epilepsia
Berna Ozsungur, Dilşad Foto-Özdemir, Seniz Ozusta, Meral Topçu, Haluk Topaloğlu
Conversion disorder (CD) in children remains a major challenge both in pediatric and mental health clinics and is still a prevalent psychiatric disorder in developing countries. The authors describe a 10-year-old boy with the complaints of inability to walk, speak or eat, excessive drooling, urinary and fecal incontinence, disturbance from light and sound, and expression of needs only by eye movements. The patient diagnosed with CD was followed by the Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry with play therapy, individual psychotherapy and family therapy...
July 2012: Turkish Journal of Pediatrics
Anne Lortie
Psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNES) are clinical events resembling epileptic seizures but lacking abnormal cortical electrical discharges. They are involuntary manifestations of a psychological distress. PNES are less frequent in the pediatric population than in adults, they represent from 3.5 to 9% of patients admitted for prolonged video-EEG (PV-EEG). Diagnosis is rarely made on history only and PV-EEG is mandatory to obtain a definitive diagnosis. Children as young as 5 years can present with PNES. They are more frequent in girls except in school age children where boys are identically or more represented than girls...
2013: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
Lindsey A Morgan, Igor Dvorchik, Korwyn L Williams, Randa G Jarrar, Jeffrey R Buchhalter
Paroxysmal nonepileptic events of psychogenic etiology in children and adolescents are common. Patients and their parents are often confused by the terminology used to describe these events. This can lead to frustration and may result in the failure to obtain the necessary nonpharmacologic treatment. Various terms are used to describe such events, some of which might be considered offensive to some individuals. Surveys from 146 parents or guardians of patients identified from a general pediatric clinic, a general neurology clinic, and a pediatric epilepsy monitoring unit were completed with the aim of determining which words and phrases were least offensive...
May 2013: Pediatric Neurology
Hazen Gandy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2013: Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
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