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Trabecular meshwork

Urmimala Raychaudhuri, J Cameron Millar, Abbot F Clark
Glaucoma is a vision threatening optic neuropathy that affects millions of people worldwide. In primary open angle, increased intraocular pressure (IOP) is the main risk factor for the development of this disease. Studies investigating the causes and mechanisms of increased IOP show fibrotic changes in the trabecular meshwork (TM) that are different from those of age-matched controls. Tissue transglutaminase (TGM2), an extracellular matrix (ECM) crosslinking enzyme, covalently crosslinks ECM proteins and causes excessive ECM protein deposition in the TM that could cause increased IOP...
March 10, 2018: Experimental Eye Research
Kate E Keller, Sanjoy K Bhattacharya, Theresa Borrás, Thomas M Brunner, Sunee Chansangpetch, Abbott F Clark, W Michael Dismuke, Yiqin Du, Michael H Elliott, C Ross Ethier, Jennifer A Faralli, Thomas F Freddo, Rudolf Fuchshofer, Michael Giovingo, Haiyan Gong, Pedro Gonzalez, Alex Huang, Murray A Johnstone, Paul L Kaufman, Mary J Kelley, Paul A Knepper, Casey C Kopczynski, John G Kuchtey, Rachel W Kuchtey, Markus H Kuehn, Raquel L Lieberman, Shan C Lin, Paloma Liton, Yutao Liu, Elke Lütjen-Drecoll, Weiming Mao, Marisse Masis-Solano, Fiona McDonnell, Colleen M McDowell, Darryl R Overby, Padmanabhan P Pattabiraman, Vijay K Raghunathan, P Vasanth Rao, Douglas J Rhee, Uttio Roy Chowdhury, Paul Russell, John R Samples, Donald Schwartz, Evan B Stubbs, Ernst R Tamm, James C Tan, Carol B Toris, Karen Y Torrejon, Janice A Vranka, Mary K Wirtz, Thomas Yorio, Jie Zhang, Gulab S Zode, Michael P Fautsch, Donna M Peters, Ted S Acott, W Daniel Stamer
Cultured trabecular meshwork (TM) cells are a valuable model system to study the cellular mechanisms involved in the regulation of conventional outflow resistance and thus intraocular pressure; and their dysfunction resulting in ocular hypertension. In this review, we describe the standard procedures used for the isolation of TM cells from several animal species including humans, and the methods used to validate their identity. Having a set of standard practices for TM cells will increase the scientific rigor when used as model, and enable other researchers to replicate and build upon previous findings...
March 8, 2018: Experimental Eye Research
VijayKrishna Raghunathan, Julia Benoit, Ramesh Kasetti, Gulab Zode, Michelle Salemi, Brett S Phinney, Kate E Keller, Julia A Staverosky, Christopher J Murphy, Ted Acott, Janice Vranka
Ocular hypertension is a causal risk-factor to developing glaucoma. This is associated with stiffening of the trabecular meshwork (TM), the primary site of resistance to aqueous-humor-outflow. The mechanisms underlying this stiffening or how pathologic extracellular matrix (ECM) affects cell function are poorly understood. It is recognized that mechanotransduction systems allow cells to sense and translate the intrinsic biophysical properties of ECM into intracellular signals to control gene transcription, protein expression, and cell behavior...
March 7, 2018: Acta Biomaterialia
Mohit Parekh, Davide Borroni, Alessandro Ruzza, Hannah J Levis, Stefano Ferrari, Diego Ponzin, Vito Romano
PURPOSE: To compare different Descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty (DMEK) graft preparation methods. METHODS: Stripping from the trabecular meshwork (M1) using epithelial spatula; stripping by scoring the peripheral endothelium (M2) using Sinskey hook; stripping by punch method (M3) using donor trephine; Submerged hydro-separation (M4); and pneumatic dissection method (M5) were evaluated. Preparation time, costs, endothelial cell loss (ECL) postpreparation, cell death and morphology were compared...
March 9, 2018: Acta Ophthalmologica
Pablo Zoroquiain, Christina Mastromonaco, Matthew Balaszi, Jade Lasiste, Sultan Aldrees, Nabil Saheb, Miguel Noel Burnier
PURPOSE: To compare the histopathological morphometry of the trabecular meshwork and ciliary processes in pseudophakic eyes and phakic eyes using advanced image analyzer technology. SETTING: McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. METHODS: Thirty-five pseudophakic eyes and 25 phakic eyes were sectioned and converted into digital slides. The total trabecular meshwork area and the ciliary body stroma were demarcated...
January 2018: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
M Lenzhofer, M Hohensinn, C Strohmaier, H A Reitsamer
Minimally invasive glaucoma surgery (MIGS) has been developed for all drainage pathways in glaucoma treatment. Besides implants overriding the resistance in the trabecular meshwork (iStent®, iStent Inject® [both Glaukos Germany GmbH, Wiesbaden, Germany], Hydrus Microstent® [Ivantis, Irvine, CA, USA]) and draining to the suprachoroidal space (Cypass Micro Stent® [Alcon Laboratories, Inc., Fort Worth, TX, USA], iStent Supra® [Glaukos Germany GmbH]), surgeons can further drain aqueous humor into the subconjunctival space with a transscleral MIGS implant (XEN45® [Allergan Plc...
March 2, 2018: Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
Rebecca King, Ying Li, Jiaxing Wang, Felix L Struebing, Eldon E Geisert
Intraocular pressure (IOP) is the primary risk factor for developing glaucoma, yet little is known about the contribution of genomic background to IOP regulation. The present study leverages an array of systems genetics tools to study genomic factors modulating normal IOP in the mouse. The BXD recombinant inbred (RI) strain set was used to identify genomic loci modulating IOP. We measured the IOP in a total of 506 eyes from 38 different strains. Strain averages were subjected to conventional quantitative trait analysis by means of composite interval mapping...
March 1, 2018: G3: Genes—Genomes—Genetics
Esther L Ashworth Briggs, Tze'Yo Toh, Rajaraman Eri, Alex W Hewitt, Anthony L Cook
BACKGROUND: The pathophysiological changes occurring in the trabecular meshwork in primary open angle glaucoma are poorly understood, but are thought to include increased extracellular matrix deposition, trabecular meshwork cell apoptosis, inflammation, trabecular meshwork calcification and altered protein composition of the aqueous humor. Although many proteins are present in aqueous humor, relatively few have been studied extensively, and their potential roles in primary open angle glaucoma are unknown...
February 27, 2018: BMC Ophthalmology
Eric L Crowell, Laura Baker, Alice Z Chuang, Robert M Feldman, Nicholas P Bell, Patricia Chévez-Barrios, Lauren S Blieden
PURPOSE: To identify the presence or absence of 3 identifiable landmarks: trabecular meshwork (TM), Schlemm's canal (SC), and a novel landmark termed the band of extracanalicular limbal lamina (BELL), which is a landmark adjacent to SC visible on anterior segment (AS) OCT. These landmarks also were analyzed pathologically to identify all 3 landmarks. DESIGN: Retrospective review. PARTICIPANTS: One eye per participant from prior institutional review board-approved studies in which AS OCT imaging was performed...
February 21, 2018: Ophthalmology
Sheridan M Hoy
Netarsudil ophthalmic solution 0.02% (hereafter referred to as netarsudil 0.02%) [Rhopressa ® ] is a Rho-associated protein kinase inhibitor that is thought to lower intraocular pressure (IOP) by increasing aqueous humour outflow through the trabecular meshwork. It has been developed by Aerie Pharmaceuticals and was recently approved in the USA for the reduction of elevated IOP in patients with open-angle glaucoma or ocular hypertension. The recommended dosage is one drop in the affected eye(s) once daily in the evening...
February 16, 2018: Drugs
Wu Ruibin, Xiaowei Zheng, Jiaying Chen, Xinyi Zhang, Xiayin Yang, Yuxian Lin
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the effect and potential mechanism of miR-1298 in the progression of human trabecular meshwork (HTM) cells. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Expression of miR-1298 was assessed by quantitative real time PCR (qRT-PCR), as well as in HTM-1 and HTM-2 cells. Mature miR-1298 mimic, miR-1298 inhibitor, and si-EIF4E3 and their corresponding controls were transfected into HTM-1 and HTM-2 to obtain stable HTM cells. Luciferase reporter assay was used to verify regulation between miR-1298 and EIF4E3...
February 13, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Rebecca L Rausch, Richard T Libby, Amy E Kiernan
The trabecular meshwork (TM), a tissue residing in the iridocorneal angle of the eye, is the primary site of aqueous humor outflow and often develops abnormally in children with anterior segment dysgenesis (ASD). However, the cellular mechanisms underlying both normal and pathophysiological TM formation are poorly understood. Here, we improve the characterization of TM development via morphological and molecular analyses. We first assessed the TM of wild-type C57BL/6J mice at multiple time points throughout development (E15...
February 13, 2018: Experimental Eye Research
Ya-Long Dang, Yu-Jie Cen, Ying Hong, Ping Huang, Ning-Li Wang, Chao Wang, Chun Zhang
Background: The aim of the study was to evaluate the long-term safety and efficacy of the Trabectome for Chinese glaucoma patients. Methods: This was a multicenter, retrospective, observational study. Glaucoma patients, except those with neovascular glaucoma, with/without a visually significant cataract were enrolled. The patients received Trabectome or a combined surgery with phacoemulsification and intraocular lens implantation. The primary outcome evaluation was a reduction in intraocular pressure (IOP), and the secondary outcomes were a reduction in glaucoma medication, the 2-year success percentages, and complications...
February 20, 2018: Chinese Medical Journal
Mihail Zemba, Alina-Cristina Stamate
Penetrating keratoplasty is a surgical intervention that despite the progress of surgical techniques and of postoperative treatment continues to have numerous complications. Many of them, such as graft rejection, significant astigmatism, cystoid macular edema, or cataract lead to important limitations of the visual function. Glaucoma is possibly the most dangerous complication following PK, leading to loss of the visual potential of the eye due to irreversible damage to the optic nerve. Identifying the risk factors permits an attentive follow-up and rapid treatment of the postoperative IOP rises...
July 2017: Romanian Journal of Ophthalmology
Megumi Honjo, Hidenobu Tanihara
Rho-associated protein kinase (ROCK), a ubiquitously expressed signaling messenger and downstream effector of Rho, is activated by several bioactive factors in the aqueous humor (AH). Rho-ROCK signaling regulates a wide spectrum of fundamental cellular events, including cell adhesion, motility, proliferation, differentiation, and apoptosis. Previous studies, including our own, found that ROCK inhibitor lowers intraocular pressure (IOP) via a direct effect on the conventional AH outflow pathway, by regulation of contractile properties, fibrotic activity, and permeability of the trabecular meshwork (TM) and Schlemm's canal (SC) tissues, influencing extracellular matrix (ECM) production...
February 14, 2018: Japanese Journal of Ophthalmology
Marianne Thvilum, Frans Brandt, Thomas Heiberg Brix, Laszlo Hegedüs
BACKGROUND: An interrelationship between hypothyroidism and glaucoma, due to a shared autoimmune background or based on deposition of mucopolysaccharides in the trabecular meshwork in the eye, has been suggested but is at present unsubstantiated. Therefore, our objective was to investigate, at a nationwide and population-based level, whether there is such an association. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Observational cohort study using record-linkage data from nationwide Danish health registers...
2018: PloS One
Yanna Cao, Ling Gao, Renhong Tang, Wenhua Zhang
AIM: Glaucoma is a universal eye disease which is commonly associated with increased intraocular pressure caused by impaired aqueous humor (AH) drainage. This study aimed to investigate the effects of Hsp70 on trabecular meshwork (TM) injury induced by UVB. METHODS: Real-time quantitative PCR (qRT-PCR) was used to examine the mRNA levels of Hsp70. siRNA was used to downregulate Hsp70 expression in the TM cells to inspect changes in cell proliferation and apoptosis...
June 1, 2017: Die Pharmazie
Yoshiki Ikeda, Tomoka Hasegawa, Tomomaya Yamamoto, Paulo Henrique Luiz de Freitas, Kimimitsu Oda, Akiko Yamauchi, Atsuro Yokoyama
Early and immediate loading of dental implants has become a routine procedure in dental practices throughout the world, but the histological feature of peri-implant bone has not been fully understood. Therefore, we aimed to elucidate the histological response of peri-implant bone bearing the early occlusal loading using rat models. Four-week-old male Wistar rats were subjected to extraction of their maxillary left first molars and had titanium implants inserted immediately into the post-extraction sockets. In experimental groups at 1 week after placement, implants were loaded for 1 or 2 weeks by adding adhesive resin on the top of the screws...
February 12, 2018: Histochemistry and Cell Biology
Yuan Zhang, Subo Cai, Scheffer C G Tseng, Ying-Ting Zhu
To expand multi-potent progenitors from human trabecular meshwork (TM), we have created a new optimized method on two-dimensional (2D) followed by three-dimensional (3D) Matrigel in modified embryonic stem cell medium supplemented with 5% fetal bovine serum (MESCM + 5% FBS). The expanded TM cells were small cuboidal cells expressing TM markers such as AQP1, MGP, CHI3L1, and AnkG, embryonic stem cell (ESC) markers such as Oct4, Sox2, Nanog, and ABCG2, and neural crest (NC) markers such as p75NTR, FOXD3, Sox9, Sox10, and MSX1...
February 12, 2018: Scientific Reports
Pingting Ji, Liwen Chen, Jieling Gong, Yuxiang Yuan, Mu Li, Yin Zhao, Hong Zhang
Previous studies of aqueous humor outflow have focused primarily on resistance at the trabecular meshwork (TM), and little is known about the function of Schlemm's canal (SC). Here, we aimed to investigate whether SC is innervated by the peripheral nervous system. Ten eye specimens from eight donors were processed for histological analysis. CD31 was used to identify SC, after which we used protein gene product (PGP) 9.5 as a marker to detect nerve fibers around SC. We then characterized the nerves by double staining for PGP9...
February 9, 2018: Experimental Eye Research
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