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Mir-21 pdcd4

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119050/long-noncoding-rna-nbat1-negatively-modulates-growth-and-metastasis-of-osteosarcoma-cells-through-suppression-of-mir-21
#1
Cheng Yang, Guijiang Wang, Jian Yang, Liguo Wang
Osteosarcoma (OS) is the most common primary bone malignancies. Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are key regulatory RNAs which takes part in several biological processes. LncRNA neuroblastoma associated transcript 1 (NBAT1) is a newly identified functional lncRNA. NBAT1 functions as a tumor suppressor in some cancers. However, the expression pattern, the biological function and the mechanisms of NBAT1 in OS progress have not been elucidated. In this study, for the first time, we found that NBAT1 expression is downregulated in OS tissues and cell lines and is associated with clinical stage, distant metastasis and poor prognosis...
2017: American Journal of Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110584/microrna-target-cross-talks-key-players-in-glioblastoma-multiforme
#2
Eman Ali Toraih, Nagwa Mahmoud Aly, Hoda Y Abdallah, Saeed Awad Al-Qahtani, Aly Am Shaalan, Mohammad Hosny Hussein, Manal Said Fawzy
The role of microRNAs in brain cancer is still naive. Some act as oncogene and others as tumor suppressors. Discovery of efficient biomarkers is mandatory to debate that aggressive disease. Bioinformatically selected microRNAs and their targets were investigated to evaluate their putative signature as diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers in primary glioblastoma multiforme. Expression of a panel of seven microRNAs (hsa-miR-34a, hsa-miR-16, hsa-miR-17, hsa-miR-21, hsa-miR-221, hsa-miR-326, and hsa-miR-375) and seven target genes ( E2F3, PI3KCA, TOM34, WNT5A, PDCD4, DFFA, and EGFR) in 43 glioblastoma multiforme specimens were profiled compared to non-cancer tissues via quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction...
November 2017: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100302/a-tyrosine-kinase-stat5-mir21-pdcd4-regulatory-axis-in-chronic-and-acute-myeloid-leukemia-cells
#3
Anne-Sophie Espadinha, Valérie Prouzet-Mauléon, Stéphane Claverol, Valérie Lagarde, Marc Bonneu, François-Xavier Mahon, Bruno Cardinaud
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are regulators of several key patho-physiological processes, including cell cycle and apoptosis. Using microarray-based miRNA profiling in K562 cells, a model of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML), we found that the oncoprotein BCR-ABL1 regulates the expression of miR-21, an "onco-microRNA", found to be overexpressed in several cancers. This effect relies on the presence of two STAT binding sites on the promoter of miR-21, and on the phosphorylation status of STAT5, a transcription factor activated by the kinase activity of BCR-ABL1...
September 29, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048648/long-non-coding-rna-xist-regulates-pdcd4-expression-by-interacting-with-mir-21-5p-and-inhibits-osteosarcoma-cell-growth-and-metastasis
#4
Rui Zhang, Tian Xia
lncRNA-X-inactive specific transcript (lncRNA XIST) has been demonstrated to be a tumor suppressor involved in the pathogenesis and development of various cancers. However, the function of XIST and its working mechanism in osteosarcoma (OS) remain enigmatic. Firstly, we determined the expression of XIST in OS tissues and cell lines by quantitative reverse transcription-PCR (qRT-PCR) and explored whether aberrant XIST expression was associated with recurrence and short overall survival. Furthermore, the effects of XIST on osteosarcoma cells were studied by lentivirus mediated overexpression approach in vitro and in vivo...
September 19, 2017: International Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981115/mir-23a-b-promote-tumor-growth-and-suppress-apoptosis-by-targeting-pdcd4-in-gastric-cancer
#5
Xiuting Hu, Yanbo Wang, Hongwei Liang, Qian Fan, Ruichi Zhu, Jiayi Cui, Weijie Zhang, Ke Zen, Chen-Yu Zhang, Dongxia Hou, Zhen Zhou, Xi Chen
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are short non-coding RNAs of 21-23 nucleotides that play important roles in virtually all biological pathways in mammals and in other multicellular organisms. miR-23a and miR-23b (miR-23a/b) are critical oncomiRs (miRNAs that are associated with human cancers) of gastric cancer, but their detailed roles in the initiation and progression of gastric cancer remain to be elucidated. In this study, we found that miR-23a/b were consistently upregulated in gastric cancer tissues. We then investigated the molecular mechanisms through which miR-23a/b contribute to gastric cancer and identified programmed cell death 4 (PDCD4) as a direct target gene of miR-23a/b...
October 5, 2017: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968466/changes-in-the-cellular-microrna-profile-by-the-intracellular-expression-of-hiv-1-tat-regulator-a-potential-mechanism-for-resistance-to-apoptosis-and-impaired-proliferation-in-hiv-1-infected-cd4-t-cells
#6
María Sánchez-Del Cojo, María Rosa López-Huertas, Francisco Díez-Fuertes, Sara Rodríguez-Mora, Mercedes Bermejo, Guillermo López-Campos, Elena Mateos, Laura Jiménez-Tormo, Francisco Gómez-Esquer, Gema Díaz-Gil, José Alcamí, Mayte Coiras
HIV-1 induces changes in the miRNA expression profile of infected CD4+ T cells that could improve viral replication. HIV-1 regulator Tat modifies the cellular gene expression and has been appointed as an RNA silencing suppressor. Tat is a 101-residue protein codified by two exons that regulates the elongation of viral transcripts. The first exon of Tat (amino acids 1-72) forms the transcriptionally active protein Tat72, but the presence of the second exon (amino acids 73-101) results in a more competent regulatory protein (Tat101) with additional functions...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947822/microenvironment-regulates-the-expression-of-mir-21-and-tumor-suppressor-genes-pten-pias3-and-pdcd4-through-zap-70-in-chronic-lymphocytic-leukemia
#7
Júlia Carabia, Cecilia Carpio, Pau Abrisqueta, Isabel Jiménez, Noelia Purroy, Eva Calpe, Carles Palacio, Francesc Bosch, Marta Crespo
Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) cells are highly dependent on microenvironment, being the BCR pathway one key player in this crosstalk. Among proteins participating, ZAP-70 enhances response to microenvironmental stimuli. MicroRNA-21 (miR-21) is overexpressed in diverse neoplasias including CLL, where it has been associated to refractoriness to fludarabine and to shorter time to progression and survival. To further elucidate the role of ZAP-70 in the biology of CLL, we studied its involvement in miR-21 regulation...
September 25, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927090/downregulation-of-pdcd4-by-mir-21-suppresses-tumor-transformation-and-proliferation-in-a-nude-mouse-renal-cancer-model
#8
Haixin Yuan, Shiyong Xin, Yaoping Huang, Yingfan Bao, Hao Jiang, Liqing Zhou, Xiaoqiang Ren, Liang Li, Qian Wang, Jianguo Zhang
Programmed cell death 4 (PDCD4) is known to suppress neoplastic transformation, cell proliferation and metastasis, and to be downregulated by microRNA-21 (miR-21) in renal cell carcinoma (RCC) cell lines and tissues. The aim of the present study was to investigate the roles of and association between PDCD4 and miR-21 in a nude mouse renal cancer model. A total of 24 BALB/c male nude mice were randomly assigned into the following three groups: Negative control (NC; n=8), miR-21 inhibitor (n=8) and miR-21 mimic (n=8)...
September 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910982/exosomes-containing-mir-21-transfer-the-characteristic-of-cisplatin-resistance-by-targeting-pten-and-pdcd4-in-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#9
Tao Liu, Gang Chen, Dawei Sun, Minghui Lei, Yongqiang Li, Changming Zhou, Xiaodong Li, Wei Xue, Hong Wang, Chunjun Liu, Jiang Xu
Resistance to chemotherapy remains a major obstacle for the effective treatment of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). Evidence for the involvement of exosomes as important regulators of cisplatin chemoresistance in OSCC is still poorly understood. Our objective of this study was to explore the roles for exosomes in modulating key cellular pathways mediating response to chemotherapy. We first developed the cisplatin-resistant cell lines (HSC-3-R and SCC-9-R) and found that the conditioned media from cisplatin-resistant OSCC cells enhanced the chemoresistance of parental OSCC cell...
September 1, 2017: Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901491/mir%C3%A2-21-attenuates-contrast%C3%A2-induced-renal-cell-apoptosis-by-targeting-pdcd4
#10
Kun Wang, Wei-Jie Bei, Yuan-Hui Liu, Hua-Long Li, Shi-Qun Chen, Kai-Yang Lin, Zhi-Ling Zhou, Ji-Yan Chen, Yong Liu, Ning Tan
Contrast medium (CM) is widely used in cardiac catheterization; however, it may induce acute kidney injury or renal failure, although the underlying mechanism remains to be elucidated. MicroRNA‑21 (miR‑21) is involved in renal disease and has been indicated to regulate cellular apoptosis and fibrosis, although its role in CM‑induced renal cell injury is unknown. The present study examined the expression and potential targets of miR‑21 in human renal proximal tubular epithelial (HK‑2) cells following CM treatment...
November 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881718/quercetin-inhibits-cr-vi-induced-malignant-cell-transformation-by-targeting-mir-21-pdcd4-signaling-pathway
#11
Poyil Pratheeshkumar, Young-Ok Son, Sasidharan Padmaja Divya, Lei Wang, Lilia Turcios, Ram Vinod Roy, John Andrew Hitron, Donghern Kim, Jin Dai, Padmaja Asha, Zhuo Zhang, Xianglin Shi
Hexavalent chromium [Cr(VI)] is an important human carcinogen associated with pulmonary diseases and lung cancer. Inhibition of Cr(VI)-induced carcinogenesis by a dietary antioxidant is a novel approach. Quercetin is one of the most abundant dietary flavonoids widely present in many fruits and vegetables, possesses potent antioxidant and anticancer properties. MicroRNA-21 (miR-21) is a key oncomiR significantly elevated in the majority of human cancers that exerts its oncogenic activity by targeting the tumor suppressor gene programmed cell death 4 (PDCD4)...
August 8, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807003/overexpression-of-mir-21-in-stem-cells-improves-ovarian-structure-and-function-in-rats-with-chemotherapy-induced-ovarian-damage-by-targeting-pdcd4-and-pten-to-inhibit-granulosa-cell-apoptosis
#12
Xiafei Fu, Yuanli He, Xuefeng Wang, Dongxian Peng, Xiaoying Chen, Xinran Li, Qing Wang
BACKGROUND: Chemotherapy-induced premature ovarian failure (POF) is a severe complication affecting tumor patients at a childbearing age. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) can partially restore the ovarian structure and function damaged by chemotherapy. miR-21 is a microRNA that can regulate cell apoptosis. This study discusses the repair effect and mechanism of MSCs overexpressing miR-21 on chemotherapy-induced POF. METHODS: Rat MSCs and granulosa cells (GCs) were isolated in vitro...
August 14, 2017: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760826/commensal-microbiota-induced-microrna-modulates-intestinal-epithelial-permeability-through-the-small-gtpase-arf4
#13
Kazuaki Nakata, Yutaka Sugi, Hikari Narabayashi, Tetsuro Kobayakawa, Yusuke Nakanishi, Masato Tsuda, Akira Hosono, Shuichi Kaminogawa, Shigemasa Hanazawa, Kyoko Takahashi
The intestinal tract contains many commensal bacteria that modulate various physiological host functions. Dysbiosis of commensal bacteria triggers dysfunction of the intestinal epithelial barrier, leading to the induction or aggravation of intestinal inflammation. To elucidate whether microRNA plays a role in commensal microbiome-dependent intestinal epithelial barrier regulation, we compared transcripts in intestinal epithelial cells (IECs) from conventional and germ-free mice and found that commensal bacteria induced the expression of miR-21-5p in IECs...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747550/a-tyrosine-kinase-stat5-mir21-pdcd4-regulatory-axis-in-chronic-and-acute-myeloid-leukemia-cells
#14
Anne-Sophie Espadinha, Valérie Prouzet-Mauléon, Stéphane Claverol, Valérie Lagarde, Marc Bonneu, François-Xavier Mahon, Bruno Cardinaud
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are regulators of several key patho-physiological processes, including cell cycle and apoptosis. Using microarray-based miRNA profiling in K562 cells, a model of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML), we found that the oncoprotein BCR-ABL1 regulates the expression of miR-21, an "onco-microRNA", found to be overexpressed in several cancers. This effect relies on the presence of two STAT binding sites on the promoter of miR-21, and on the phosphorylation status of STAT5, a transcription factor activated by the kinase activity of BCR-ABL1...
July 12, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742209/the-expression-significance-of-serum-mir-21-in-patients-with-osteosarcoma-and-its-relationship-with-chemosensitivity
#15
Y Hua, Z Jin, F Zhou, Y-Q Zhang, Y Zhuang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the expression level of serum microRNA-21 (miR-21) in 69 patients with osteosarcoma, to analyze the changes in miR-21 expression in the serum and tumor tissues before and after chemotherapy in patients with osteosarcoma, and to investigate the relationship between the expression of serum miR-21 in patients with osteosarcoma and chemosensitivity. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) was used to detect the expression level of serum miR-21 in 69 patients with osteosarcoma before and after chemotherapy, and analyze the relationship between the expression of miR-21 with tumor necrosis grading and chemosensitivity...
July 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677811/role-of-mir%C3%A2-21-on-vascular-endothelial-cells-in-the-protective-effect-of-renal-delayed-ischemic-preconditioning
#16
Xialian Xu, Xiaoyan Jiao, Nana Song, Weili Luo, Mingyu Liang, Xiaoqiang Ding, Jie Teng
Vascular endothelial cells may serve crucial roles in the development of acute kidney injury (AKI). microRNA (miR)‑21, which possesses a renal protective function has been found on vascular endothelial cells. The present study aimed to test the hypothesis that miR‑21 may protect vascular endothelial cells against injury, which may contribute to the protective effects of renal delayed ischemic preconditioning (IPC). Preconditioned (15 min ischemia) or Sham mice (not clamped) were subjected to 35 min occlusion of bilateral renal pedicles 4 days following preconditioning or Sham treatment...
September 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655163/microrna-21a-5p-pdcd4-axis-regulates-mesenchymal-stem-cell-induced-neuroprotection-in-acute-glaucoma
#17
Wenru Su, Zuohong Li, Y Jia, Yingting Zhu, Wenjia Cai, Peixing Wan, Yingying Zhang, Song Guo Zheng, Yehong Zhuo
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have been demonstrated to have promising therapeutic benefits for a variety of neurological diseases; however, the underlying mechanisms are poorly understood. Here, we showed that intravitreal infusion of MSCs promoted retinal ganglion cell (RGC) survival in a mouse model of acute glaucoma, with significant inhibition of microglial activation, production of TNF-α, IL-1β, and reactive oxygen species, as well as caspase-8 and caspase-3 activation. In vitro, MSCs inhibited both caspase-8-mediated RGC apoptosis and microglial activation, partly via the action of stanniocalcin 1 (STC1)...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Molecular Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599474/reduction-of-mir-21-induces-sk-n-sh-cell-apoptosis-and-inhibits-proliferation-via-pten-pdcd4
#18
Zuopeng Wang, Wei Yao, Kai Li, Na Zheng, Chao Zheng, Xiaolong Zhao, Shan Zheng
MicroRNA (miR/miRNA)-21 is a well-known oncogenic miRNA that is overexpressed in various types of tumors. The tumor-suppressor genes programmed cell death 4 (PDCD4) and phosphatase tensin homologue (PTEN), are targets of miR-21, and are underexpressed in several types of cancer. However, the expression of miR-21 and its target genes in neuroblastoma (NB) remains unclear. In the present study, a miR-21 inhibitor oligonucleotide was transfected into the SK-N-SH cell line, and the expression of miR-21, PTEN and PDCD4 was detected through quantitative polymerase chain reaction analysis...
June 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560697/the-cardiotoxic-mechanism-of-doxorubicin-dox-and-pegylated-liposomal-dox-in-mice-bearing-c-26-colon-carcinoma-a-study-focused-on-microrna-role-for-toxicity-assessment-of-new-formulations
#19
Kamal Razavi-Azarkhiavi, Mahmoud Reza Jaafari, Khalil Abnous, Bibi Marjan Razavi, Amir Hossein Jafarian, Faezeh Vahdati Hassani, Kobra Shirani, Gholamreza Karimi
PURPOSE: MicroRNAs (miRs) are a group of small non-coding RNAs that regulate transcriptional or post-transcriptional gene expression. The aim of the present study was to investigate the role of miR -1, -21 and -145 and their targets in cardiotoxicity-induced by DOX and pegylated liposomal DOX. METHODS: BALB/c mice subjected to subcutaneous injection of C-26 tumor cells. Eight days after tumor inoculation, animals were divided into 6 groups: control, liposome, DOX (6 and 9 mg/kg) and PL-DOX (6 and 9 mg/kg)...
September 2017: Pharmaceutical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522568/peroxisome-proliferator-activated-receptor-%C3%AE-enhances-human-pulmonary-artery-smooth-muscle-cell-apoptosis-through-microrna-21-and-programmed-cell-death-4
#20
David E Green, Tamara C Murphy, Bum-Yong Kang, Brahmchetna Bedi, Zhihong Yuan, Ruxana T Sadikot, C Michael Hart
Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a progressive disorder whose cellular pathogenesis involves enhanced smooth muscle cell (SMC) proliferation and resistance to apoptosis signals. Existing evidence demonstrates that the tumor suppressor programmed cell death 4 (PDCD4) affects patterns of cell growth and repair responses in the systemic vasculature following experimental injury. In the current study, the regulation PDCD4 and its functional effects on growth and apoptosis susceptibility in pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells were explored...
August 1, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
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