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Mir-21 pdcd4

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730429/lung-adenocarcinoma-cell-derived-exosomal-mir-21-facilitates-osteoclastogenesis
#1
Zhen Xu, Xingwang Liu, Huisheng Wang, Jutao Li, Lei Dai, Jun Li, Caijun Dong
Osteoclastogenesis is the rate-limiting step in tumor osteolytic metastasis. MicroRNAs play crucial roles in tumor progression and osteoclastogenesis regulation. Recent studies have demonstrated that exosomes are able to function as messengers that deliver microRNAs between cells. However, the effects of lung adenocarcinoma cell-derived exosomal miRNAs in osteoclastogenesis remain poorly understood. In this study, we found that exosomes derived from A549 cells facilitate osteoclastogenesis. As miR-21 was involved in tumorigenesis and osteoclastogenesis, we further proved the existence of miR-21 in A549 cell-derived exosomes and investigated its function...
May 3, 2018: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707109/mir-21-over-expression-and-programmed-cell-death-4-down-regulation-features-malignant-pleural-mesothelioma
#2
Lorenzo Nicolè, Rocco Cappellesso, Tiziana Sanavia, Vincenza Guzzardo, Ambrogio Fassina
Background: Differential diagnosis between malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) and benign mesothelial conditions is still challenging and there is a lack of useful markers. Programmed cell death 4 (PDCD4) is a well-known tumor suppressor gene in several cancers, its post-transcriptional activity is directly controlled by miR-21, whose over-expression has been recently reported in MPM compared to normal mesothelium. Aim of this study was to test this suppressor gene as a possible new marker of malignant transformation in mesothelial cells, as well as a new prognostic marker...
April 3, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698635/exosomal-mir-21a-5p-mediates-cardioprotection-by-mesenchymal-stem-cells
#3
Kristin M Luther, Lauren Haar, Myc McGuinness, Yang Wang, Tom Lynch, Anh Phan, Yang Song, Zilong Shen, George Gardner, Gina Kuffel, Xiaoping Ren, Michael J Zilliox, W Keith Jones
Though experimental, stem cell transplantation has the potential to improve the condition of the heart after myocardial infarction. It does so by reducing infarct size and inducing repair of heart muscle and its blood supply. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) have been found to be effective in pre-clinical animal models and clinical trials, but the mechanisms by which they induce cardioprotection and repair are still not fully understood. Small extracellular vesicles known as exosomes are now recognized to be key mediators of beneficial MSC paracrine effects, and the concept that they transfer miRNA to change gene expression in recipient cells is of current therapeutic interest...
April 23, 2018: Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674977/serum-derived-extracellular-vesicles-protect-against-acute-myocardial-infarction-by-regulating-mir-21-pdcd4-signaling-pathway
#4
Huanyu Gu, Zhuyuan Liu, Yongqin Li, Yuan Xie, Jianhua Yao, Yujiao Zhu, Jiahong Xu, Qiying Dai, Chongjun Zhong, Hao Zhu, Shengguang Ding, Lei Zhou
Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) represents a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are being recognized as a promising therapeutic approach in protecting against MI. Serum is a rich source of EVs, which transports various microRNAs (miRNAs, miRs). EVs from serum have been shown beneficial for protecting against ischemia-reperfusion injury; however, their roles in AMI are unclear. In addition, whether a miRNA might be responsible for the effects of serum EVs on protecting against AMI is undetermined...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564000/berberine-regulates-the-microrna-21-itg%C3%AE-4-pdcd4-axis-and-inhibits-colon-cancer-viability
#5
Yanfeng Lü, Bingbing Han, Hualong Yu, Zhenghua Cui, Zhiwen Li, Jianxin Wang
Berberine is sourced from multiple medicinal herb resources and is easy to extract. With the advantages of low price, safety and convenience, berberine may have potential for wide clinical use. The present study aimed to investigate whether berberine inhibited the viability of colon cancer and whether it regulated the three-gene network microRNA (miR)-21-integrin β4 (ITGβ4)-programmed cell death 4 (PDCD4). It was demonstrated that berberine treatment suppressed colon cancer cell viability, and induced apoptosis and activated caspase-3 activity in the human colon carcinoma HCT116 cell line...
April 2018: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29510060/defining-the-regulatory-role-of-programmed-cell-death-4-in-laryngeal-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#6
Yuanteng Xu, Ruiqing Chen, Gongbiao Lin, Xiuling Fang, Shujuan Yu, Xiaohua Liang, Rong Zhang
PURPOSE: Programmed cell death 4 (PDCD4) is decreased in many malignant tumors. Epithelial mesenchymal Transition (EMT) endows tumor cells invasive and metastatic properties. Few studies have elucidated the role of PDCD4 in the regulation of EMT during laryngeal carcinoma. METHODS: Using laryngeal carcinoma tissues, the relationship between PDCD4 and EMT-associated proteins E-cadherin and N-cadherin was examined. Gene manipulation was utilized to define the regulatory capacity of PDCD4...
March 6, 2018: Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Biochimie et Biologie Cellulaire
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464088/deciphering-microrna-targets-in-pancreatic-cancer-using-mircomb-r-package
#7
Maria Vila-Casadesús, Elena Vila-Navarro, Giulia Raimondi, Cristina Fillat, Antoni Castells, Juan José Lozano, Meritxell Gironella
MiRNAs are small non-coding RNAs that post-transcriptionally regulate gene expression. They play important roles in cancer but little is known about the specific functions that each miRNA exerts in each type of cancer. More knowledge about their specific targets is needed to better understand the complexity of molecular networks taking part in cancer. In this study we report the miRNA-mRNA interactome occurring in pancreatic cancer by using a bioinformatic approach called miRComb, which combines tissue expression data with miRNA-target prediction databases (TargetScan, miRSVR and miRDB)...
January 19, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373877/serum-microrna-21-negatively-relates-to-expression-of-programmed-cell-death-4-in-patients-with-epithelial-ovarian-cancer
#8
Enas H Mahmoud, Amal Fawzy, Reham A A Elshimy
Background: Ovarian cancer is the third most common cancer of the female genital tract and the leading cause of cancer death associated with gynecologic tumors. MicroRNAs regulate at least 60% of human genes, including tumor suppressor genes and oncogenes and, thereby, can affect cancer risk. Aim of the work: We aimed to assess any diagnostic role for serum miR-21 as a biomarker in human ovarian cancer and to study relations with programmed cell death-4 (PDCD4), one of its target proteins, hoping to help explain heterogeneity of this cancer type and facilitate stratification of regimens for therapy...
January 27, 2018: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29371906/profile-of-epigenetic-mechanisms-in-lung-tumors-of-patients-with-underlying-chronic-respiratory-conditions
#9
Mercè Mateu-Jimenez, Víctor Curull, Alberto Rodríguez-Fuster, Rafael Aguiló, Albert Sánchez-Font, Lara Pijuan, Joaquim Gea, Esther Barreiro
Background: Chronic lung diseases such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and epigenetic events underlie lung cancer (LC) development. The study objective was that lung tumor expression levels of specific microRNAs and their downstream biomarkers may be differentially regulated in patients with and without COPD. Methods: In lung specimens (tumor and non-tumor), microRNAs known to be involved in lung tumorigenesis (miR-21, miR-200b, miR-126, miR-451, miR-210, miR-let7c, miR-30a-30p, miR-155 and miR-let7a, qRT-PCR), DNA methylation, and downstream biomarkers were determined (qRT-PCR and immunoblotting) in 40 patients with LC (prospective study, subdivided into LC-COPD and LC, N  = 20/group)...
2018: Clinical Epigenetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29361523/the-feedback-loop-between-mir-21-pdcd4-and-ap-1-functions-as-a-driving-force-for-renal-fibrogenesis
#10
Qi Sun, Jiao Miao, Jing Luo, Qi Yuan, Hongdi Cao, Weifang Su, Yang Zhou, Lei Jiang, Li Fang, Chunsun Dai, Ke Zen, Junwei Yang
Renal fibrosis is a final common pathway of chronic kidney disease. Sustained activation of fibroblasts is considered to play a key role in perpetuating renal fibrosis but the driving force in the perpetuation stage is only partially understood. To date, some investigations have specifically identified overexpression of microRNA 21 (miR-21) in the progression of kidney fibrosis. Nevertheless, the precise role of miR-21 in fibroblast activation remains largely unknown. In this study, we found that miR-21 was significantly upregulated in activated fibroblasts and that it maintained itself at constant high levels by employing an auto-regulatory loop between miR-21, PDCD4 and AP-1...
March 26, 2018: Journal of Cell Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340361/a-curcumin-loaded-polymeric-micelle-as-a-carrier-of-a-microrna-21-antisense-oligonucleotide-for-enhanced-anti-tumor-effects-in-a-glioblastoma-animal-model
#11
Xiaonan Tan, Gyeungyun Kim, Dahee Lee, Jungju Oh, Minkyung Kim, Chunxian Piao, Jaewon Lee, Min Sang Lee, Ji Hoon Jeong, Minhyung Lee
A glioblastoma is a common primary brain tumor that expresses microRNA-21 (miR-21), which inhibits the expression of pro-apoptotic genes such as phosphatase and tensin homologue (PTEN) and programmed cell death 4 (PDCD4). Therefore, an antisense-oligonucleotide against miR-21 (miR21ASO) could have therapeutic effects for glioblastomas. In this study, curcumin was loaded into deoxycholic acid-conjugated polyethylenimine (DP) micelles. The curcumin-loaded DP micelle (DP-Cur) was evaluated as a carrier for the combined delivery of curcumin and miR21ASO...
January 30, 2018: Biomaterials Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331036/prognostic-significance-of-mir-21-and-pdcd4-in-patients-with-stage-ii-esophageal-carcinoma-after-surgical-resection
#12
Jiandong Zhang, Lei Ma, Daimeng Shi, Zhen Zhang, Chuanshan Yao, Xulin Zhao, Quanxiao Xu, Penghao Wen, Limin He
Many studies have shown that randomized clinical trial with long-term follow-up found no improvement in stage II esophageal carcinoma (EC) patients receiving preoperative neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy or chemotherapy treatment, this limitation underscored the urgent need for novel and reliable biomarkers for prognosis and prediction in stage II EC. miR-21 is frequently over-expressed while programmed cell death 4 (PDCD4) is often down-regulated in solid tumors. This study aimed to investigate the clinicopathological and prognostic significance of miR-21 and PDCD4 expression and to elucidate any correlation between miR-21 and PDCD4 expression in stage II EC patients...
January 13, 2018: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328455/role-of-mir-21-in-the-growth-and-metastasis-of-human-salivary-adenoid-cystic-carcinoma
#13
Fei Yan, Chao Wang, Ting Li, Wenyan Cai, Jinhu Sun
Aberrant microRNA (miRNA/miR) expression has been reported in various cancer types. miR‑21, which is considered to be a proto-oncogene and is frequently overexpressed in certain cancer types, has been implicated in tumorigenesis. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of miR‑21 degradation on tumor progression and its potential mechanisms in human salivary adenoid cystic carcinoma (SACC) development. Results of reverse transcription‑quantitative polymerase chain reaction analysis indicated that SACC cells with high metastatic potential (SACC‑LM cells) exhibited a significantly higher expression of miR‑21 compared with SACC cells with a lower metastatic potential (SACC‑83 cells)...
March 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238035/long-non-coding-rna-meg3-functions-as-a-competing-endogenous-rna-to-regulate-ischemic-neuronal-death-by-targeting-mir-21-pdcd4-signaling-pathway
#14
Honglin Yan, Jie Rao, Jingping Yuan, Likun Gao, Wenxian Huang, Lina Zhao, Jiacai Ren
Long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) maternally expressed gene 3 (MEG3) has been demonstrated as an important regulator in diverse human cancers. However, its function and regulatory mechanism in ischemic stroke remains largely unknown. Here, we report that MEG3 is physically associated with microRNA-21 (miR-21), while miR-21 is downregulated following ischemia in the ischemic core in vitro and in vivo, which is opposite to MEG3. Besides, overexpression of miR-21 protects oxygen-glucose deprivation and reoxygenation (OGD/R)-induced apoptotic cell death...
December 13, 2017: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170412/ischemic-postconditioning-protects-against-intestinal-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-via-the-hif-1%C3%AE-mir-21-axis
#15
Zhongzhi Jia, Weishuai Lian, Haifeng Shi, Chuanwu Cao, Shilong Han, Kai Wang, Maoquan Li, Xiaoping Zhang
Intestinal ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) can lead to tissue damage associated with inflammation and mucosal apoptosis. Ischemic postconditioning (IPostC), a series of repeated, brief, intermittent periods of ischemia and reperfusion, has beneficial effects against I/R-induced injury in the heart and intestine, although the underlying mechanisms for these effects remain unclear. We evaluated the involvement of microRNA-21 (miR-21) in the protective effects of IPostC in a rat model of I/R induced by superior mesenteric artery occlusion and reopening...
November 23, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119050/long-noncoding-rna-nbat1-negatively-modulates-growth-and-metastasis-of-osteosarcoma-cells-through-suppression-of-mir-21
#16
Cheng Yang, Guijiang Wang, Jian Yang, Liguo Wang
Osteosarcoma (OS) is the most common primary bone malignancies. Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are key regulatory RNAs which takes part in several biological processes. LncRNA neuroblastoma associated transcript 1 (NBAT1) is a newly identified functional lncRNA. NBAT1 functions as a tumor suppressor in some cancers. However, the expression pattern, the biological function and the mechanisms of NBAT1 in OS progress have not been elucidated. In this study, for the first time, we found that NBAT1 expression is downregulated in OS tissues and cell lines and is associated with clinical stage, distant metastasis and poor prognosis...
2017: American Journal of Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110584/microrna-target-cross-talks-key-players-in-glioblastoma-multiforme
#17
Eman Ali Toraih, Nagwa Mahmoud Aly, Hoda Y Abdallah, Saeed Awad Al-Qahtani, Aly Am Shaalan, Mohammad Hosny Hussein, Manal Said Fawzy
The role of microRNAs in brain cancer is still naive. Some act as oncogene and others as tumor suppressors. Discovery of efficient biomarkers is mandatory to debate that aggressive disease. Bioinformatically selected microRNAs and their targets were investigated to evaluate their putative signature as diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers in primary glioblastoma multiforme. Expression of a panel of seven microRNAs (hsa-miR-34a, hsa-miR-16, hsa-miR-17, hsa-miR-21, hsa-miR-221, hsa-miR-326, and hsa-miR-375) and seven target genes ( E2F3, PI3KCA, TOM34, WNT5A, PDCD4, DFFA, and EGFR) in 43 glioblastoma multiforme specimens were profiled compared to non-cancer tissues via quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction...
November 2017: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100302/a-tyrosine-kinase-stat5-mir21-pdcd4-regulatory-axis-in-chronic-and-acute-myeloid-leukemia-cells
#18
Anne-Sophie Espadinha, Valérie Prouzet-Mauléon, Stéphane Claverol, Valérie Lagarde, Marc Bonneu, François-Xavier Mahon, Bruno Cardinaud
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are regulators of several key patho-physiological processes, including cell cycle and apoptosis. Using microarray-based miRNA profiling in K562 cells, a model of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML), we found that the oncoprotein BCR-ABL1 regulates the expression of miR-21, an "onco-microRNA", found to be overexpressed in several cancers. This effect relies on the presence of two STAT binding sites on the promoter of miR-21, and on the phosphorylation status of STAT5, a transcription factor activated by the kinase activity of BCR-ABL1...
September 29, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048648/long-non-coding-rna-xist-regulates-pdcd4-expression-by-interacting-with-mir-21-5p-and-inhibits-osteosarcoma-cell-growth-and-metastasis
#19
Rui Zhang, Tian Xia
lncRNA-X-inactive specific transcript (lncRNA XIST) has been demonstrated to be a tumor suppressor involved in the pathogenesis and development of various cancers. However, the function of XIST and its working mechanism in osteosarcoma (OS) remain enigmatic. Firstly, we determined the expression of XIST in OS tissues and cell lines by quantitative reverse transcription-PCR (qRT-PCR) and explored whether aberrant XIST expression was associated with recurrence and short overall survival. Furthermore, the effects of XIST on osteosarcoma cells were studied by lentivirus mediated overexpression approach in vitro and in vivo...
November 2017: International Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981115/mir-23a-b-promote-tumor-growth-and-suppress-apoptosis-by-targeting-pdcd4-in-gastric-cancer
#20
Xiuting Hu, Yanbo Wang, Hongwei Liang, Qian Fan, Ruichi Zhu, Jiayi Cui, Weijie Zhang, Ke Zen, Chen-Yu Zhang, Dongxia Hou, Zhen Zhou, Xi Chen
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are short non-coding RNAs of 21-23 nucleotides that play important roles in virtually all biological pathways in mammals and in other multicellular organisms. miR-23a and miR-23b (miR-23a/b) are critical oncomiRs (miRNAs that are associated with human cancers) of gastric cancer, but their detailed roles in the initiation and progression of gastric cancer remain to be elucidated. In this study, we found that miR-23a/b were consistently upregulated in gastric cancer tissues. We then investigated the molecular mechanisms through which miR-23a/b contribute to gastric cancer and identified programmed cell death 4 (PDCD4) as a direct target gene of miR-23a/b...
October 5, 2017: Cell Death & Disease
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