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Mir-21 pdcd4

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807003/overexpression-of-mir-21-in-stem-cells-improves-ovarian-structure-and-function-in-rats-with-chemotherapy-induced-ovarian-damage-by-targeting-pdcd4-and-pten-to-inhibit-granulosa-cell-apoptosis
#1
Xiafei Fu, Yuanli He, Xuefeng Wang, Dongxian Peng, Xiaoying Chen, Xinran Li, Qing Wang
BACKGROUND: Chemotherapy-induced premature ovarian failure (POF) is a severe complication affecting tumor patients at a childbearing age. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) can partially restore the ovarian structure and function damaged by chemotherapy. miR-21 is a microRNA that can regulate cell apoptosis. This study discusses the repair effect and mechanism of MSCs overexpressing miR-21 on chemotherapy-induced POF. METHODS: Rat MSCs and granulosa cells (GCs) were isolated in vitro...
August 14, 2017: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760826/commensal-microbiota-induced-microrna-modulates-intestinal-epithelial-permeability-through-a-small-gtpase-arf4
#2
Kazuaki Nakata, Yutaka Sugi, Hikari Narabayashi, Tetsuro Kobayakawa, Yusuke Nakanishi, Masato Tsuda, Akira Hosono, Shuichi Kaminogawa, Shigemasa Hanazawa, Kyoko Takahashi
The intestinal tract contains many commensal bacteria that modulate various physiological host functions. Dysbiosis of commensal bacteria triggers dysfunction of the intestinal epithelial barrier, leading to the induction or aggravation of intestinal inflammation. To elucidate whether miRNA plays a role in the commensal microbiome-dependent intestinal epithelial barrier regulation, here we compared transcripts in intestinal epithelial cells (IECs) from conventional (CV) and germ-free (GF) mice and found that commensal bacteria induced the expression of miR-21-5p in IECs...
July 31, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747550/a-tyrosine-kinase-stat5-mir21-pdcd4-regulatory-axis-in-chronic-and-acute-myeloid-leukemia-cells
#3
Anne-Sophie Espadinha, Valérie Prouzet-Mauléon, Stéphane Claverol, Valérie Lagarde, Marc Bonneu, François-Xavier Mahon, Bruno Cardinaud
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are regulators of several key patho-physiological processes, including cell cycle and apoptosis. Using microarray-based miRNA profiling in K562 cells, a model of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML), we found that the oncoprotein BCR-ABL1 regulates the expression of miR-21, an "onco-microRNA", found to be overexpressed in several cancers. This effect relies on the presence of two STAT binding sites on the promoter of miR-21, and on the phosphorylation status of STAT5, a transcription factor activated by the kinase activity of BCR-ABL1...
July 12, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742209/the-expression-significance-of-serum-mir-21-in-patients-with-osteosarcoma-and-its-relationship-with-chemosensitivity
#4
Y Hua, Z Jin, F Zhou, Y-Q Zhang, Y Zhuang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the expression level of serum microRNA-21 (miR-21) in 69 patients with osteosarcoma, to analyze the changes in miR-21 expression in the serum and tumor tissues before and after chemotherapy in patients with osteosarcoma, and to investigate the relationship between the expression of serum miR-21 in patients with osteosarcoma and chemosensitivity. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) was used to detect the expression level of serum miR-21 in 69 patients with osteosarcoma before and after chemotherapy, and analyze the relationship between the expression of miR-21 with tumor necrosis grading and chemosensitivity...
July 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677811/role-of-mir%C3%A2-21-on-vascular-endothelial-cells-in-the-protective-effect-of-renal-delayed-ischemic-preconditioning
#5
Xialian Xu, Xiaoyan Jiao, Nana Song, Weili Luo, Mingyu Liang, Xiaoqiang Ding, Jie Teng
Vascular endothelial cells may serve crucial roles in the development of acute kidney injury (AKI). microRNA (miR)‑21, which possesses a renal protective function has been found on vascular endothelial cells. The present study aimed to test the hypothesis that miR‑21 may protect vascular endothelial cells against injury, which may contribute to the protective effects of renal delayed ischemic preconditioning (IPC). Preconditioned (15 min ischemia) or Sham mice (not clamped) were subjected to 35 min occlusion of bilateral renal pedicles 4 days following preconditioning or Sham treatment...
September 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655163/microrna-21a-5p-pdcd4-axis-regulates-mesenchymal-stem-cell-induced-neuroprotection-in-acute-glaucoma
#6
Wenru Su, Zuohong Li, Yu Jia, Yingting Zhu, Wenjia Cai, Peixing Wan, Yingying Zhang, Song Guo Zheng, Yehong Zhuo
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have been demonstrated to have promising therapeutic benefits for a variety of neurological diseases; however, the underlying mechanisms are poorly understood. Here, we showed that intravitreal infusion of MSCs promoted retinal ganglion cell (RGC) survival in a mouse model of acute glaucoma, with significant inhibition of microglial activation, production of TNF-α, IL-1β, and reactive oxygen species, as well as caspase-8 and caspase-3 activation. In vitro, MSCs inhibited both caspase-8-mediated RGC apoptosis and microglial activation, partly via the action of stanniocalcin 1 (STC1)...
June 26, 2017: Journal of Molecular Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599474/reduction-of-mir-21-induces-sk-n-sh-cell-apoptosis-and-inhibits-proliferation-via-pten-pdcd4
#7
Zuopeng Wang, Wei Yao, Kai Li, Na Zheng, Chao Zheng, Xiaolong Zhao, Shan Zheng
MicroRNA (miR/miRNA)-21 is a well-known oncogenic miRNA that is overexpressed in various types of tumors. The tumor-suppressor genes programmed cell death 4 (PDCD4) and phosphatase tensin homologue (PTEN), are targets of miR-21, and are underexpressed in several types of cancer. However, the expression of miR-21 and its target genes in neuroblastoma (NB) remains unclear. In the present study, a miR-21 inhibitor oligonucleotide was transfected into the SK-N-SH cell line, and the expression of miR-21, PTEN and PDCD4 was detected through quantitative polymerase chain reaction analysis...
June 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560697/the-cardiotoxic-mechanism-of-doxorubicin-dox-and-pegylated-liposomal-dox-in-mice-bearing-c-26-colon-carcinoma-a-study-focused-on-microrna-role-for-toxicity-assessment-of-new-formulations
#8
Kamal Razavi-Azarkhiavi, Mahmoud Reza Jaafari, Khalil Abnous, Bibi Marjan Razavi, Amir Hossein Jafarian, Faezeh Vahdati Hassani, Kobra Shirani, Gholamreza Karimi
PURPOSE: MicroRNAs (miRs) are a group of small non-coding RNAs that regulate transcriptional or post-transcriptional gene expression. The aim of the present study was to investigate the role of miR -1, -21 and -145 and their targets in cardiotoxicity-induced by DOX and pegylated liposomal DOX. METHODS: BALB/c mice subjected to subcutaneous injection of C-26 tumor cells. Eight days after tumor inoculation, animals were divided into 6 groups: control, liposome, DOX (6 and 9 mg/kg) and PL-DOX (6 and 9 mg/kg)...
September 2017: Pharmaceutical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522568/peroxisome-proliferator-activated-receptor-gamma-enhances-human-pulmonary-artery-smooth-muscle-cell-apoptosis-through-microrna-21-and-programmed-cell-death-4
#9
David Emerson Green, Tamara C Murphy, Bum-Yong Kang, Brahmchetna Bedi, Zhihong Yuan, Ruxana T Sadikot, C Michael Hart
Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a progressive disorder whose cellular pathogenesis involves enhanced smooth muscle cell (SMC) proliferation and resistance to apoptosis signals. Existing evidence demonstrates that the tumor suppressor, programmed cell death 4 (PDCD4) affects patterns of cell growth and repair responses in the systemic vasculature following experimental injury. In the current study, the regulation PDCD4 and its functional effects on growth and apoptosis susceptibility in pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells was explored...
May 18, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28477403/micro-rna-21-regulates-cancer-associated-fibroblast-mediated-frug-resistance-in-pancreatic-cancer
#10
Lulin Zhang, Jun Yao, Wenyao Li, Ce Zhang
Pancreatic adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is one of the leading cause of cancer death due to its highly aggressive biological nature and resistance to chemotherapies. Former study also indicated that miR-21 in cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) is an important regulator of their activation. However, whether miR-21 in CAFs would regulate PDAC's tumor microenvironment and leading to drug resistance remain unknown. In this study, we evaluated the relationship among CAFs activation, miR-21 expression level and drug resistance using PDAC patient tumor samples...
May 5, 2017: Oncology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467474/tonic-suppression-of-pcat29-by-the-il-6-signaling-pathway-in-prostate-cancer-reversal-by-resveratrol
#11
Raheem F H Al Aameri, Sandeep Sheth, Entkhab M A Alanisi, Vikrant Borse, Debashree Mukherjea, Leonard P Rybak, Vickram Ramkumar
Prostate cancer (PCa) is the second leading cause of cancer deaths in men. A better understanding of the molecular basis of prostate cancer proliferation and metastasis should enable development of more effective treatments. In this study we focused on the lncRNA, prostate cancer associated transcript 29 (PCAT29), a putative tumor suppressive gene. Our data show that the expression of PCAT29 was reduced in prostate cancer tumors compared to paired perinormal prostate tissues. We also observed substantially lower levels of PCAT29 in DU145 and LNCaP cells compared to normal prostate (RWPE-1) cells...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447761/mir-21-inhibitor-suppresses-cell-proliferation-and-colony-formation-through-regulating-the-pten-akt-pathway-and-improves-paclitaxel-sensitivity-in-cervical-cancer-cells
#12
Guohui Du, Dongmei Cao, Lingzheng Meng
The present study aimed to investigate the role and the molecular mechanisms underlying the effects of microRNA-21 (miR-21) on the proliferation, apoptosis and colony formation of cervical cancer cells, and to examine the role of miR-21 in mediating the sensitivity of cervical cancer cells to paclitaxel (PTX). Reverse transcription‑quantitative polymerase chain reaction was employed to determine the level of miR‑21 in various cervical cancer and normal cervical cells. The results revealed that the expression levels of miR-21 in cervical cancer cells were markedly higher when compared with normal cervical cells...
May 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444967/co-delivery-of-microrna-21-antisense-oligonucleotides-and-gemcitabine-using-nanomedicine-for-pancreatic-cancer-therapy
#13
Yaqing Li, Yinting Chen, Jiajia Li, Zuoquan Zhang, Chumei Huang, Guoda Lian, Kege Yang, Shaojie Chen, Ying Lin, Lingyun Wang, Kaihong Huang, Linjuan Zeng
Tumor metastasis occurs naturally in pancreatic cancer, and the efficacy of chemotherapy is usually poor. Precision medicine, combining downregulation of target genes with chemotherapy drugs, is expected to improve therapeutic effects. Therefore, we developed a combined therapy of microRNA-21 antisense oligonucleotides (ASO-miR-21) and gemcitabine (Gem) using a targeted co-delivery nanoparticle (NP) carrier and investigated the synergistic inhibitory effects on pancreatic cancer cells metastasis and growth...
July 2017: Cancer Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423589/role-of-microrna-21-in-radiosensitivity-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-cells-by-targeting-pdcd4-gene
#14
Li-Peng Jiang, Chun-Yan He, Zhi-Tu Zhu
This study aims to explore the effects of microRNA-21 (miR-21) on radiosensitivity in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) by targeting programmed cell deanth 4 (PDCD4) and regulating PI3K/AKT/mTOR signaling pathway. Cancer tissues and adjacent normal tissues were collected from 97 NSCLC patients who received a standard radiotherapy regimen. TUNEL assay was applied to determine cell apoptosis in tissues. The qRT-PCR assay was used to detect the expressions of miR-21 expression and PDCD4 mRNA. The protein expressions of PDCD4 and PI3K/AKT/mTOR signaling pathway-related proteins were determined by Western blotting...
April 4, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389999/effects-of-microrna-21-on-nerve-cell-regeneration-and-neural-function-recovery-in-diabetes-mellitus-combined-with-cerebral-infarction-rats-by-targeting-pdcd4
#15
Yun-Bao Guo, Tie-Feng Ji, Hong-Wei Zhou, Jin-Lu Yu
We aimed to determine the effect and mechanism of microRNA-21 (miR-21) on nerve cell regeneration and nerve functional recovery in diabetes mellitus combined with cerebral infarction (DM + CI) rats by targeting PDCD4. A total of 125 male Wistar rats were selected for DM + CI rat model construction and assigned into the blank, miR-21 mimics, mimics control, miR-21 inhibitor, inhibitor control, miR-21 inhibitor + si-PDCD4 and si-PDCD4 groups. And, 20 healthy rats were selected for the normal group. Triphenylterazolium chloride (TTC) staining and HE staining were used for determination of the area of CI and pathological changes, respectively...
April 7, 2017: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347230/inhibition-of-microrna-21-via-locked-nucleic-acid-anti-mir-suppressed-metastatic-features-of-colorectal-cancer-cells-through-modulation-of-programmed-cell-death-4
#16
Reza Nedaeinia, Mohammadreza Sharifi, Amir Avan, Mohammad Kazemi, Abdolreza Nabinejad, Gordon A Ferns, Majid Ghayour-Mobarhan, Rasoul Salehi
Colorectal cancer is among the most lethal of malignancies, due to its propensity to metastatic spread and multifactorial-chemoresistance. The latter property supports the need to identify novel therapeutic approaches for the treatment of colorectal cancer. MicroRNAs are endogenous non-coding small RNA molecules that function as post-transcriptional regulators of gene expression. Recently, programmed cell death 4 has been identified as a protein that increases during apoptosis. This gene is among the potential targets of miR-21 (OncomiR)...
March 2017: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269750/micrornas-in-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-potential-biomarkers-and-therapeutic-targets
#17
Li-Li Mei, Yun-Tan Qiu, Bing Zhang, Zhi-Zhou Shi
Esophageal cancer is a common cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide. Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is the major histological type of esophageal cancer in developing countries including China, and the prognosis is very poor. Many microRNAs are involved in several important biological and pathologic processes, and promote tumorigenesis. To better understand the prognostic and therapeutic roles of microRNAs in ESCC, we reviewed the diagnosis and prognosis associated oncogenic microRNAs (e.g. miR-21 and miR-17-92 cluster) and tumor suppressor microRNAs (e...
2017: Cancer Biomarkers: Section A of Disease Markers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240263/mir-21-deficiency-inhibits-osteoclast-function-and-prevents-bone-loss-in-mice
#18
Cheng-Hu Hu, Bing-Dong Sui, Fang-Ying Du, Yi Shuai, Chen-Xi Zheng, Pan Zhao, Xiao-Rui Yu, Yan Jin
MicroRNAs emerge as critical post-transcriptional regulators in bone metabolism. We have previously reported in vitro that miR-21 promotes osteogenesis, while studies have also revealed miR-21 as a regulator of osteoclastogenesis and a promoter of osteoclast differentiation in vitro. However, in vivo data are still lacking in identifying skeletal function of miR-21, particularly its effects on osteoporosis. Here, using miR-21 knockout (miR-21(-/-)) mice, we investigated effects of miR-21 on bone development, bone remodeling and bone loss...
February 27, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123598/lentiviral-crispr-cas9-vector-mediated-mir-21-gene-editing-inhibits-the-epithelial-to-mesenchymal-transition-in-ovarian-cancer-cells
#19
Wenying Huo, Guannan Zhao, Jinggang Yin, Xuan Ouyang, Yinan Wang, Chuanhe Yang, Baojing Wang, Peixin Dong, Zhixiang Wang, Hidemichi Watari, Edward Chaum, Lawrence M Pfeffer, Junming Yue
CRISPR/Cas9 (clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats) mediated genome editing is a powerful approach for loss of function studies. Here we report that lentiviral CRISPR/Cas9 vectors are highly efficient in introducing mutations in the precursor miRNA sequence, thus leading to the loss of miRNA expression and function. We constructed four different lentiviral CRISPR/Cas9 vectors that target different regions of the precursor miR-21 sequence and found that these lentiviral CRISPR/Cas9 miR-21 gRNA vectors induced mutations in the precursor sequences as shown by DNA surveyor mutation assay and Sanger sequencing...
2017: Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109960/rna-nanoparticle-based-targeted-therapy-for-glioblastoma-through-inhibition-of-oncogenic-mir-21
#20
Tae Jin Lee, Ji Young Yoo, Dan Shu, Hui Li, Jianying Zhang, Jun-Ge Yu, Alena Cristina Jaime-Ramirez, Mario Acunzo, Giulia Romano, Ri Cui, Hui-Lung Sun, Zhenghua Luo, Matthew Old, Balveen Kaur, Peixuan Guo, Carlo M Croce
Targeted inhibition of oncogenic miRNA-21 has been proposed to treat glioblastoma by rescuing tumor suppressors, PTEN and PDCD4. However, systemic delivery of anti-miR-21 sequences requires a robust and efficient delivery platform to successfully inhibit this druggable target. Three-way-junction (3WJ)-based RNA nanoparticles (RNP), artificially derived from pRNA of bacteriophage phi29 DNA packaging motor, was recently shown to target glioblastoma. Here, we report that multi-valent folate (FA)-conjugated 3WJ RNP constructed to harbor anti-miR-21 LNA sequences (FA-3WJ-LNA-miR21) specifically targeted and delivered anti-miR-21 LNA and knocked down miR-21 expression in glioblastoma cells in vitro and in vivo with favorable biodistribution...
July 5, 2017: Molecular Therapy: the Journal of the American Society of Gene Therapy
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