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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153066/-age-related-prevalence-of-toxoplasmosis-among-pregnant-women-in-hatay-estimation-depending-on-model
#1
Meryem Çetin, Şirin Çetin
Toxoplasmosis, caused by the obligate intracellular protozoan Toxoplasma gondii, is a common parasitic infection affecting approximately one-third of the world population. T.gondii infections are usually acquired by ingesting raw or insufficiently cooked meat and from unwashed fruits and vegetables contaminated with soil or water with cat feces. Primary infection acquired during pregnancy can cause severe congenital abnormalities in the fetus such as neurologic and ocular malformations, abortion, or stillbirth according to the degree of infection...
October 2017: Mikrobiyoloji Bülteni
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150201/nations-within-a-nation-variations-in-epidemiological-transition-across-the-states-of-india-1990-2016-in-the-global-burden-of-disease-study
#2
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: 18% of the world's population lives in India, and many states of India have populations similar to those of large countries. Action to effectively improve population health in India requires availability of reliable and comprehensive state-level estimates of disease burden and risk factors over time. Such comprehensive estimates have not been available so far for all major diseases and risk factors. Thus, we aimed to estimate the disease burden and risk factors in every state of India as part of the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) Study 2016...
November 13, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147085/a-comparison-of-the-essential-amino-acid-content-and-the-retention-rate-by-chicken-part-according-to-different-cooking-methods
#3
Honggyun Kim, Hyun Wook Do, Heajung Chung
This study set out to identify the changes in the nutrient contents during the chicken cooking process as basic data for the establishment of a national health nutrition policy. Samples were produced using 3 chicken parts (wing, breast, and leg) and 7 cooking methods (boiling, pancooking, pan-frying, deep-frying, steaming, roasting, and microwaving), and the essential amino acid contents, principal components, and retention rates were analyzed. Weight loss was observed in all chicken parts with all cooking methods...
2017: Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145461/climate-change-mitigation-opportunities-based-on-carbon-footprint-estimates-of-dietary-patterns-in-peru
#4
Ian Vázquez-Rowe, Gustavo Larrea-Gallegos, Pedro Villanueva-Rey, Alessandro Gilardino
Food consumption accounts for an important proportion of the world GHG emissions per capita. Previous studies have delved into the nature of dietary patterns, showing that GHG reductions can be achieved in diets if certain foods are consumed rather than other, more GHG intensive products. For instance, vegetarian and low-meat diets have proved to be less carbon intensive than diets that are based on ruminant meat. These environmental patterns, increasingly analyzed in developed nations, are yet to be assessed in countries liked Peru where food purchase represents a relatively high percentage of the average household expenditure, ranging from 38% to 51% of the same...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143707/effect-of-multi-micronutrient-fortified-rice-on-cognitive-performance-depends-on-premix-composition-and-cognitive-function-tested-results-of-an-effectiveness-study-in-cambodian-schoolchildren
#5
Marion Fiorentino, Marlène Perignon, Khuov Kuong, Richard de Groot, Megan Parker, Kurt Burja, Marjoleine A Dijkhuizen, Sek Sokhom, Chhoun Chamnan, Jacques Berger, Frank T Wieringa
OBJECTIVE: Even though current policy is strongly focused on the crucial first '1000 days', it might be still possible to enhance cognitive function during the pre-adolescent and adolescent years by improving micronutrient status. In Cambodia, nutritional status is poor. Provision of rice fortified with micronutrients through a school meal programme (SMP) could be a cost-effective strategy to help improve health and school performance. The present study aimed to evaluate the effect of three different micronutrient-fortified rice formulations on cognitive function in Cambodian children...
November 16, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143691/health-claims-and-product-endorsements-on-child-oriented-beverages-in-guatemala
#6
Andrew Perry, Violeta Chacon, Joaquin Barnoya
OBJECTIVE: We sought to describe front-of-package marketing strategies and nutritional quality of child-oriented beverages in Guatemala. DESIGN: We purchased all child-oriented ready-to-drink fruit drinks, milks and carbonated beverages in three convenience stores and one supermarket in Guatemala City. Front-of-package marketing was defined as the presence of spokes-characters, cartoons, celebrities, or health-related images, words, claims or endorsements on beverage packaging...
November 16, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141979/measurement-errors-in-dietary-assessment-using-self-reported-24-hour-recalls-in-low-income-countries-and-strategies-for-their-prevention
#7
Rosalind S Gibson, U Ruth Charrondiere, Winnie Bell
Securing accurate measurements of dietary intake across populations is challenging. Of the methods, self-reported 24-h recalls are often used in low-income countries (LICs) because they are quick, culturally sensitive, do not require high cognitive ability, and provide quantitative data on both foods and nutrients. Measuring intakes via 24-h recalls involves 1) collecting data on food intakes, 2) the appropriate use of relevant food-composition data for calculating nutrient intakes, and 3) statistically converting observed intakes to "usual intakes" for evaluating nutrient adequacy or relations between foods and nutrients and health outcomes...
November 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141642/doing-implementation-research-on-health-governance-a-frontline-researcher-s-reflexive-account-of-field-level-challenges-and-their-management
#8
Gupteswar Patel, Surekha Garimella, Kerry Scott, Shinjini Mondal, Asha George, Kabir Sheikh
BACKGROUND: Implementation Research (IR) in and around health systems comes with unique challenges for researchers including implementation, multi-layer governance, and ethical issues. Partnerships between researchers, implementers, policy makers and community members are central to IR and come with additional challenges. In this paper, we elaborate on the challenges faced by frontline field researchers, drawing from experience with an IR study on Village Health Sanitation and Nutrition Committees (VHSNCs)...
November 15, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140483/integrative-whole-person-oncology-care-in-the-uk
#9
Catherine Zollman, Axel Walther, Helen E Seers, Rachel C Jolliffe, Marie J Polley
The term "whole-person cancer care"-an approach that addresses the needs of the person as well as treating the disease-is more widely understood in the United Kingdom than its synonym "integrative oncology." The National Health Service (NHS) provides free access to care for all, which makes it harder to prioritize NHS funding of whole-person medicine, where interventions may be multimodal and lacking in cost-effectiveness data. Despite this, around 30% of cancer patients are known to use some form of complementary or alternative medicine (CAM)...
November 1, 2017: Journal of the National Cancer Institute. Monographs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136493/systems-thinking-and-simulation-modeling-to-inform-childhood-obesity-policy-and-practice
#10
Kenneth E Powell, Debra L Kibbe, Rachel Ferencik, Chris Soderquist, Mary Ann Phillips, Emily Anne Vall, Karen J Minyard
OBJECTIVES: In 2007, 31.7% of Georgia adolescents in grades 9-12 were overweight or obese. Understanding the impact of policies and interventions on obesity prevalence among young people can help determine statewide public health and policy strategies. This article describes a systems model, originally launched in 2008 and updated in 2014, that simulates the impact of policy interventions on the prevalence of childhood obesity in Georgia through 2034. METHODS: In 2008, using information from peer-reviewed reports and quantitative estimates by experts in childhood obesity, physical activity, nutrition, and health economics and policy, a group of legislators, legislative staff members, and experts trained in systems thinking and system dynamics modeling constructed a model simulating the impact of policy interventions on the prevalence of childhood obesity in Georgia through 2034...
November 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130722/costes-asociados-a-la-desnutrici%C3%A3-n-previa-a-la-enfermedad-y-la-desnutrici%C3%A3-n-relacionada-con-la-enfermedad-en-ancianos-una-revisi%C3%A3-n-sistem%C3%A3-tica
#11
Isabel Pardo García, Elisa Amo Saus, Ana Pilar Martínez Valero, Francisco Escribano Sotos
INTRODUCTION: Malnutrition is a health problem which affects a high percentage of old people since the physical and psychosocial changes common to this period of life favor it in this group. In addition, aging population has a high prevalence of chronic illnesses and acute pathologies which can affect their nutritional state negatively, leading to malnutrition related to illness. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this systematic revision was to analyze the economic costs related to malnutrition in old people and to discover whether there were differences between economic costs of pre-existing malnutrition prior to illness and malnutrition because of disease...
October 24, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130589/australia-s-health-star-rating-policy-process-lessons-for-global-policy-making-in-front-of-pack-nutrition-labelling
#12
Medha Kumar, Deborah Gleeson, Simon Barraclough
AIM: This study explored factors that shaped the development of Australia's Health Star Rating system for front-of-pack labelling (FoPL) on packaged foods and whether insights could be drawn from this experience to inform the development of global FoPL standards. METHODS: Ten individual semi-structured interviews were conducted with public health or consumer advocates, academics in the field of nutrition labelling and policy, a food industry employee, and Australian public servants...
November 12, 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121991/medical-students-as-health-coaches-implementation-of-a-student-initiated-lifestyle-medicine-curriculum
#13
Rani Polak, Adi Finkelstein, Tom Axelrod, Marie Dacey, Matan Cohen, Dennis Muscato, Avi Shariv, Naama W Constantini, Mayer Brezis
BACKGROUND: By 2020, the World Health Organization predicts that two-thirds of all diseases worldwide will be the result of lifestyle choices. Physicians often do not counsel patients about healthy behaviors, and lack of training has been identified as one of the barriers. Between 2010 and 2014, Hebrew University developed and implemented a 58-h Lifestyle Medicine curriculum spanning five of the 6 years of medical school. Content includes nutrition, exercise, smoking cessation, and behavior change, as well as health coaching practice with friends/relatives (preclinical years) and patients (clinical years)...
November 10, 2017: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121896/pre-pregnancy-body-mass-index-and-gestational-weight-gain-and-their-effects-on-pregnancy-and-birth-outcomes-a-cohort-study-in-west-sumatra-indonesia
#14
Hora Soltani, Nur I Lipoeto, Frankie J Fair, Karen Kilner, Y Yusrawati
BACKGROUND: Indonesia has a considerably high incidence of maternal and infant mortality. The country has however been experiencing a social and economic transition, influencing its general population demographics and nutritional status including the state of health and nutrition of pregnant women. This study aimed to explore body mass index (BMI) and gestational weight gain (GWG), and their relationship with pregnancy outcomes in a sample of Indonesian pregnant women. METHODS: This observational cohort study included a total of 607 pregnant women who were recruited in 2010 from maternity clinics in Western Sumatra, Indonesia...
November 9, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120837/cancer-risk-reduction-in-the-us-affiliated-pacific-islands-utilizing-a-novel-policy-systems-and-environmental-pse-approach
#15
Mavis Nitta, Dioreme Navasca, Aileen Tareg, Neal A Palafox
BACKGROUND: The Health Directors of the US Affiliated Pacific Islands (USAPI) declared a State of Emergency due to epidemic proportions of lifestyle diseases: cancer, obesity and other non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in 2010. This paper describes the development, implementation, and evaluation of a USAPI policy, system and environment (PSE) approach to address lifestyle behaviors associated with cancer and other NCDs. METHODS: Each of USAPI jurisdictions applied the PSE approach to tobacco and nutrition interventions in a local institution, faith based, or community setting...
October 2017: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120313/policy-recommendations-for-front-of-package-shelf-and-menu-labelling-in-canada-moving-towards-consensus
#16
Kim D Raine, Alexa R Ferdinands, Kayla Atkey, Erin Hobin, Bill Jeffery, Candace I J Nykiforuk, Lana Vanderlee, Ellen Vogel, Barbara Von Tigerstrom
Greater availability of low nutritional quality foods and decreased consumption of nutrient-dense foods have negatively impacted the nutrient profile of the Canadian diet. Poor diet is now the leading risk factor for chronic disease and premature death in Canada. To help consumers choose healthful foods, nutrition labelling is one policy tool for communicating relevant nutrition information. However, there are notable shortcomings with current nutrition labelling systems, which make it difficult for Canadians to navigate the complex food environment...
November 9, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117737/iodine-status-of-taiwanese-population-in-2013-10-years-after-changing-from-mandatory-to-voluntary-salt-iodization
#17
Fan-Fen Wang, Kam-Tsun Tang, Wen-Harn Pan, Justin Ging-Shing Won, Yao-Te Hsieh, Chun-Jui Huang
BACKGROUND: Since 2003, Taiwan had iodine policy changes from mandatory to voluntary. The Nutrition and Health Survey in Taiwan (NAHSIT) 2001-2002 for schoolchildren showed an adequate iodine nutrition, while NAHSIT 2005-2008 for adults showed the iodine status was at borderline adequacy. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the iodine status of the Taiwanese population from schoolchildren to adulthood 10 years after the change of the salt iodization policy. METHOD: Urinary iodine was measured in samples from subjects in NAHSIT 2013...
January 1, 2017: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104119/community-based-healthy-living-medicine-with-a-focus-on-k-12-physical-education-and-nutrition
#18
REVIEW
Sally S Wong
Childhood obesity is one of the country's most significant health problems. Researchers estimate that 32.2% of children and adolescents ages 2 to 19 in the United States are overweight and obese. The prevalence of childhood obesity in 2011-2014 was 17.0% and extreme obesity was 5.8% among US children and adolescents aged 2 to 19 years. The high rates of obesity and diabetes, poor nutrition, and lack of physical activity in children and adolescents makes cardiovascular risk reduction in this population critical...
November 2, 2017: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103445/children-s-orthodontic-utilization-in-the-united-states-socioeconomic-and-surveillance-considerations
#19
Nadia Laniado, Stephanie Oliva, Gregory J Matthews
INTRODUCTION: There has been no epidemiologic study of malocclusion prevalence and treatment need in the United States since the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, conducted from 1988 to 1991. In this descriptive study, the authors sought to estimate orthodontic treatment prevalence by examining a nationally representative survey to assess current pediatric dental and orthodontic utilization. METHODS: The 2009 and 2013 Medical Expenditure Panel Surveys were used to categorize and compare all types of pediatric dental and orthodontic procedures in children and adolescents up to 20 years old...
November 2017: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102533/does-front-of-pack-nutrition-information-improve-consumer-ability-to-make-healthful-choices-performance-of-warnings-and-the-traffic-light-system-in-a-simulated-shopping-experiment
#20
Leandro Machín, Jessica Aschemann-Witzel, María Rosa Curutchet, Ana Giménez, Gastón Ares
The inclusion of more attention-grabbing and easily interpretable front-of-pack (FOP) nutrition information is one of the public policies that can be implemented to empower consumers to identify unhealthful food products and to make more informed food choices. The aim of the present work was to evaluate the influence of two FOP nutrition labelling schemes - the traffic light labelling and the warning scheme - on consumer food purchases when facing a health goal. The study was conducted with 1182 people from Montevideo (Uruguay), recruited using a Facebook advertisement...
November 2, 2017: Appetite
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