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Health nutrition policy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764767/a-systematic-review-of-mobile-produce-markets-facilitators-and-barriers-to-use-and-associations-with-reported-fruit-and-vegetable-intake
#1
Bi-Sek Hsiao, Lindiwe Sibeko, Lisa M Troy
BACKGROUND: Diet-related chronic diseases are a major public health burden. There is growing awareness that disparities in healthful food access contribute to disparities in health. Mobile produce markets (MPMs) have emerged as a strategy to improve fruit and vegetable access and consumption, particularly among low-income, minority, and other vulnerable populations (eg, older adults and children) in food desert neighborhoods. OBJECTIVE: This review examined research on MPMs in the United States and specifically aimed to assess the relationship between MPM use and fruit and/or vegetable intake, and facilitators and barriers related to MPM use within a social ecological framework...
May 12, 2018: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764114/accelerating-the-worldwide-adoption-of-sugar-sweetened-beverage-taxes-strengthening-commitment-and-capacity-comment-on-the-untapped-power-of-soda-taxes-incentivizing-consumers-generating-revenue-and-altering-corporate-behavior
#2
Phillip Baker, Alexandra Jones, Anne Marie Thow
In their recent article Roache and Gostin outline why governments and public health advocates should embrace soda taxes. The evidence is strong and continues to grow: such taxes can change consumer behavior, generate significant revenue and incentivize product reformulation. In essence, such taxes are an important and now well-established instrument of fiscal and public health policy. In this commentary we expand on their arguments by considering how the worldwide adoption of such taxes might be further accelerated...
October 29, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762708/the-impact-of-cash-transfers-on-social-determinants-of-health-and-health-inequalities-in-sub-saharan-africa-a-systematic-review
#3
Ebenezer Owusu-Addo, Andre M N Renzaho, Ben J Smith
Cash transfers (CTs) are now high on the agenda of most governments in low- and middle-income countries. Within the field of health promotion, CTs constitute a healthy public policy initiative as they have the potential to address the social determinants of health (SDoH) and health inequalities. A systematic review was conducted to synthesise the evidence on CTs' impacts on SDoH and health inequalities in sub-Saharan Africa, and to identify the barriers and facilitators of effective CTs. Twenty-one electronic databases and the websites of 14 key organizations were searched in addition to grey literature and hand searching of selected journals for quantitative and qualitative studies on CTs' impacts on SDoH and health outcomes...
June 1, 2018: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761582/blended-diets-for-gastrostomy-fed-children-and-young-people-a-scoping-review
#4
REVIEW
Anne Breaks, Christina Smith, Steven Bloch, Sally Morgan
BACKGROUND: The present review aimed to identify what is known about the use of blended diets in gastrostomy fed children and young people (i.e. children and young people refers to those who are aged up to 25 years with special educational needs or a disability in accordance with Part 3 of the Children and Family Act 2014; within the review, the word children is used for simplicity but encompasses young people too) and to identify gaps in the literature on this topic to inform future research and policy...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759082/barriers-to-identifying-eating-disorders-in-pregnancy-and-in-the-postnatal-period-a-qualitative-approach
#5
Amanda Bye, Jill Shawe, Debra Bick, Abigail Easter, Megan Kash-Macdonald, Nadia Micali
BACKGROUND: Eating Disorders (ED) are mental health disorders that typically effect women of childbearing age and are associated with adverse maternal and infant outcomes. UK healthcare guidance recommends routine enquiry for current and past mental illness in antenatal and postnatal care for all women, and that pregnant women with a known ED are offered enhanced monitoring and support. Midwives and health visitors are ideally placed to identify and support women with ED as they are often the primary point of contact during the antenatal and postnatal periods...
May 15, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756447/electrochemical-methodologies-for-the-detection-of-pathogens
#6
Mandana Amiri, Abolfazl Bezaatpour, Hamed Jafari, Rabah Boukherroub, Sabine Szunerits
Bacterial infections remain of the principal causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide. The number of death due to infections is declining every year by only 1% with a forecast of 13 million deaths in 2050. Among the 1400 recognized human pathogens, the majority of infectious diseases is caused by just a few, about 20 pathogens only. While the development of vaccinations and novel anti-bacterial drugs and treatments are at the forefront of research, and strongly financially supported by policy makers, another manner to limit and control infectious outbreaks is targeting the development and implementation of early warning systems, which indicate qualitatively and quantitatively the presence of a pathogen...
May 14, 2018: ACS Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755057/processes-and-outcomes-of-a-community-based-participatory-research-driven-health-needs-assessment-a-tool-for-moving-health-disparity-reporting-to-evidence-based-action
#7
Tabia Henry Akintobi, Elise Lockamy, Lisa Goodin, Natalie D Hernandez, Tanesha Slocumb, Daniel Blumenthal, Ronald Braithwaite, Larry Leeks, Micah Rowland, Thomas Cotton, LaShawn Hoffman
BACKGROUND: The community-based participatory research (CBPR)-driven health needs assessment was a tool used to inform community-led, -implemented, and -sustained research and prevention strategies. METHODS: The Morehouse School of Medicine Prevention Research Center (MSM PRC) research and prevention initiatives are implemented in direct response to priorities identified through this process and tool. Led by a community-majority coalition board, the assessment coupled state and city secondary data with primary survey data collected by and from community residents...
2018: Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751854/position-of-the-academy-of-nutrition-and-dietetics-society-for-nutrition-education-and-behavior-and-school-nutrition-association-comprehensive-nutrition-programs-and-services-in-schools
#8
Dayle Hayes, Isobel R Contento, Carol Weekly
It is the position of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, School Nutrition Association, and Society for Nutrition Education and Behavior that comprehensive, integrated nutrition programs in preschool through high school are essential to improve the health, nutritional status, and academic performance of our nation's children. Through the continued use of multidisciplinary teams, local school needs will be better identified and addressed within updated wellness policies. Updated nutrition standards are providing students with a wider variety of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains, while limiting sodium, calories, and saturated fat...
May 2018: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748999/the-link-between-nutrition-and-physical-activity-in-increasing-academic-achievement
#9
Fiona M Asigbee, Stephen D Whitney, Catherine E Peterson
BACKGROUND: Research demonstrates a link between decreased cognitive function in overweight school-aged children and improved cognitive function among students with high fitness levels and children engaging in regular physical activity (PA). The purpose of this study was to examine whether regular PA and proper nutrition together had a significant effect on academic achievement. METHODS: Using the seventh wave of the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class 1998-99 (ECLS-K) dataset, linear regression analysis with a Jackknife resampling correction was conducted to analyze the relationship among nutrition, PA, and academic achievement, while controlling for socioeconomic status, age, and sex...
June 2018: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748947/nutrition-and-food-security-policy-in-the-islamic-republic-of-iran-situation-analysis-and-roadmap-towards-2021
#10
Behzad Damari, Zahra Abdollahi, Majid Hajifaraji, Arezoo Rezazadeh
Background: All government policies and programmes for food and nutrition security should include providing healthy food, as well as providing economic and social availability for all people. Aim: This study aimed to analyse the current situation of Iranian food and nutrition security and establish a road map towards 2021. Methods: The applied methods were situation analysis and a mixed qualitative-quantitative method. The conceptual method used for developing this national document encompassed three areas: sustainable food supply, food safety and nutrition...
May 3, 2018: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748418/reductions-in-national-cardiometabolic-mortality-achievable-by-food-price-changes-according-to-supplemental-nutrition-assistance-program-snap-eligibility-and-participation
#11
Parke Edward Wilde, Zach Conrad, Colin D Rehm, Jennifer L Pomeranz, Jose L Penalvo, Frederick Cudhea, Jonathan Pearson-Stuttard, Martin O'Flaherty, Renata Micha, Dariush Mozaffarian
BACKGROUND: Suboptimal diets are a major contributor to cardiometabolic disease (CMD) mortality, and substantial disparities exist for both dietary quality and mortality risk across income groups in the USA. Research is needed to quantify how food pricing policies to subsidise healthy foods and tax unhealthy foods could affect the US CMD mortality, overall and by Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) eligibility and participation. METHODS: Comparative risk analysis based on national data on diet (National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2003-2012) and mortality (mortality-linked National Health Interview Survey) and meta-analyses of policy-diet and diet-disease relationships...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747717/food-environment-social-deprivation-and-obesity-among-students-from-brazilian-public-schools
#12
Maíra Macário de Assis, Maria Alvim Leite, Ariene Silva do Carmo, Amanda Cristina de Souza Andrade, Milene Cristine Pessoa, Michele Pereira Netto, Ana Paula Carlos Cândido, Larissa Loures Mendes
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between social deprivation and the food environment. Furthermore, to evaluate if the food environment is associated with the prevalence of obesity among students in Brazilian public schools. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. For the classification of obesity, weight and height were measured, and the cut-off point of BMI-for-age Z-score >+2 was adopted. Social deprivation level was determined from the Health Vulnerability Index (HVI)...
May 11, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746748/-evolution-of-food-insecurity-in-mexican-households-2012-2016
#13
Verónica Mundo-Rosas, Norma Isela Vizuet-Vega, Jesús Martínez-Domínguez, M Del Carmen Morales-Ruán, Rafael Pérez-Escamilla, Teresa Shamah-Levy
OBJECTIVE: To describe three relevant aspects of household food insecurity (FI) in Mexico: its magnitude, its distribution by social and nutritional vulnerability characteristics; its evolution between 2012 and 2016 and the effect of food assistance programs on FI in Mexican households. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data on 9 019 households were drawn from the 2016 National Health and Nutrition Survey (Ensanut 2016 for its Spanish initials) and were compared with data from the 2012 Ensanut...
May 2018: Salud Pública de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743083/policy-environment-for-prevention-control-and-management-of-cardiovascular-diseases-in-primary-health-care-in-kenya
#14
Gershim Asiki, Shuai Shao, Carol Wainana, Christopher Khayeka-Wandabwa, Tilahun N Haregu, Pamela A Juma, Shukri Mohammed, David Wambui, Enying Gong, Lijing L Yan, Catherine Kyobutungi
BACKGROUND: In Kenya, cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) accounted for more than 10% of total deaths and 4% of total Disability-Adjusted Life Years (DALYs) in 2015 with a steady increase over the past decade. The main objective of this paper was to review the existing policies and their content in relation to prevention, control and management of CVDs at primary health care (PHC) level in Kenya. METHODS: A targeted document search in Google engine using keywords "Kenya national policy on cardiovascular diseases" and "Kenya national policy on non-communicable diseases (NCDs)" was conducted in addition to key informant interviews with Kenyan policy makers...
May 9, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739721/trends-in-influenza-vaccination-coverage-rates-in-south-korea-from-2005-to-2014-effect-of-public-health-policies-on-vaccination-behavior
#15
Jeongmin Seo, Juwon Lim
BACKGROUND: Influenza is a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Annual vaccination is effective in its prevention and is recommended especially in susceptible populations such as the elderly over 65 years, children younger than 5, pregnant women, and people with chronic diseases. Overall, South Korea has a high vaccination rate owing to its National Immunization Program, although the method and extent of its coverage varies among the target subgroups. The aim of this study is to assess the trend of influenza vaccination coverage between 2005 and 2014 in South Korea to address the influence of sociodemographic and disease factors on vaccination behavior...
May 5, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737493/obesity-prevention-strategies-and-challenges-in-latin-america
#16
REVIEW
Louise Cominato, Georgia Finardi Di Biagio, Denise Lellis, Ruth Rocha Franco, Marcio Correa Mancini, Maria Edna de Melo
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this study is to present changes of policies and norms aimed to reduce obesity levels that have been adopted in some Latin American countries. RECENT FINDINGS: The global increase of the excess weight within the population has been demanding governmental actions aimed at preventing health impacts generated by obesity. Over recent years, many Latin American countries have established a number of regulations aimed at reducing weight in the population using interventions that could effectively prevent childhood obesity, including the taxation of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs), increasing physical activity in open spaces, and, especially, front-of-package labeling...
May 8, 2018: Current Obesity Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723985/breakfast-in-human-nutrition-the-international-breakfast-research-initiative
#17
REVIEW
Michael J Gibney, Susan I Barr, France Bellisle, Adam Drewnowski, Sisse Fagt, Barbara Livingstone, Gabriel Masset, Gregorio Varela Moreiras, Luis A Moreno, Jessica Smith, Florent Vieux, Frank Thielecke, Sinead Hopkins
Breakfast is often referred to as the most important meal of the day and in recent years has been implicated in weight control, cardio-metabolic risk factors and cognitive performance although, at present, the literature remains inconclusive as to the precise health benefits of breakfast. There are extensive reports of breakfast’s contributions to daily food and nutrient intakes, as well as many studies that have compared daily food and nutrient intakes by breakfast consumers and skippers. However, significant variation exists in the definitions of breakfast and breakfast skippers, and in methods used to relate breakfast nutrient intakes to overall diet quality...
May 1, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720930/national-nutrition-surveys-in-europe-a-review-on-the-current-status-in-the-53-countries-of-the-who-european-region
#18
Holly L Rippin, Jayne Hutchinson, Charlotte E L Evans, Jo Jewell, Joao J Breda, Janet E Cade
Objectives: The objectives of this study were (1) to determine the coverage of national nutrition surveys in the 53 countries monitored by the World Health Organization (WHO) Regional Office for Europe and identify gaps in provision, (2) to describe relevant survey attributes and (3) to check whether energy and nutrients are reported with a view to providing information for evidence-based nutrition policy planning. Design: Dietary survey information was gathered using three methods: (1) direct email to survey authors and other relevant contacts, (2) systematic review of literature databases and (3) general web-based searches...
2018: Food & Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716560/prevalence-and-stabilizing-trends-in-overweight-and-obesity-among-children-and-adolescents-in-china-2011-2015
#19
Jiguo Zhang, Huijun Wang, Zhihong Wang, Wenwen Du, Chang Su, Ji Zhang, Hongru Jiang, Xiaofang Jia, Feifei Huang, Yifei Ouyang, Yun Wang, Bing Zhang
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of childhood overweight and obesity in developed countries appears to be plateauing. The purpose of this study was to provide the most recent data on the prevalence and trends in overweight and obesity among Chinese children and adolescents from 2011 to 2015. METHODS: We used data collected in the China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS) and China Nutritional Transition Cohort Study (CNTCS). We used two waves of the survey in 12 provinces conducted in 2011 (aged 7-18 years; n = 1458) and 2015 (aged 7-18 years; n = 1084) to perform a trend analysis...
May 2, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716539/use-of-dietary-supplements-by-pregnant-women-in-colombia
#20
Robinson Ramírez-Vélez, Jorge Enrique Correa-Bautista, Héctor Reynaldo Triana-Reina, Emilio González-Jiménez, Jacqueline Schmidt-RioValle, Katherine González-Ruíz
BACKGROUND: During pregnancy, the need for certain nutrients increases. This study assessed the prevalence and socio-demographic factors associated with dietary supplement use in a representative sample of pregnant women in Colombia. METHOD: Data for this study were obtained from a cross-sectional, nationally representative survey (ENSIN, 2010). A total of 1856 pregnant women, 13-49 years of age, were recruited. The use of prenatal dietary supplements (Vitamins A, C or E) was treated as a binary outcome (used at some time or never sued during pregnancy when prescribed by a doctor) in multinomial analyses...
May 2, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
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