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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139322/how-pupils-on-the-autism-spectrum-make-sense-of-themselves-in-the-context-of-their-experiences-in-a-mainstream-school-setting-a-qualitative-metasynthesis
#1
Emma I Williams, Kate Gleeson, Bridget E Jones
Evidence that interpersonal interactions and self-appraisal in social context are crucial in developing self-understanding raises concerns about how pupils with autism spectrum disorder make sense of themselves in school settings where many experience social marginalisation. Metasynthesis was used to systematically extract and integrate findings from qualitative studies examining the mainstream school experiences of these students. Synthesised findings identified three, intermeshing, aspects of experience which contribute to many pupils with autism spectrum disorder making sense of themselves as 'different' to typical peers in a negative way: difficulties linked to autism spectrum disorder; interpersonal relationships, particularly with peers; and accessibility of the school environment...
November 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121825/the-impact-of-staff-training-on-special-educational-needs-professionals-attitudes-toward-and-understanding-of-applied-behavior-analysis
#2
Sinéad Smyth, Benjamin E Reading, Claire McDowell
BACKGROUND: Research-based evidence points to the efficacy and value of applied behavior analysis (ABA) in meeting the needs of individuals with learning disabilities and autism. Nonetheless, public, government, and professional perception of ABA can be negative. The current study was designed to measure the impact of a short intervention on professionals' attitudes toward, and knowledge of, ABA. METHOD: Teachers and classroom assistants from two separate schools for children with severe learning difficulties completed a self-report survey on knowledge of and attitudes toward ABA...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disabilities: JOID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113453/the-association-between-socioeconomic-status-and-autism-diagnosis-in-the-united-kingdom-for-children-aged-5-8%C3%A2-years-of-age-findings-from-the-born-in-bradford-cohort
#3
Brian Kelly, Stefan Williams, Sylvie Collins, Faisal Mushtaq, Mark Mon-Williams, Barry Wright, Dan Mason, John Wright
There has been recent interest in the relationship between socioeconomic status and the diagnosis of autism in children. Studies in the United States have found lower rates of autism diagnosis associated with lower socioeconomic status, while studies in other countries report no association, or the opposite. This article aims to contribute to the understanding of this relationship in the United Kingdom. Using data from the Born in Bradford cohort, comprising 13,857 children born between 2007 and 2011, it was found that children of mothers educated to A-level or above had twice the rate of autism diagnosis, 1...
November 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097880/couple-conflict-in-parents-of-children-with-versus-without-autism-self-reported-and-observed-findings
#4
Sigan L Hartley, Lauren M Papp, Iulia Mihaila, Paige M Bussanich, Greta Goetz, Emily J Hickey
We compared the couple conflict of parents of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) to a comparison group of parents of children without disabilities using self-reported and observational measures. In total, 178 couples who had a child with ASD (aged 5-12 years) and 174 couples who had children without disabilities (aged 5-12 years), recruited from a Midwestern state in the United States, reported on couple conflict in everyday life and engaged in an observed couple conflict interaction. Parents of children with ASD reported more frequent, severe, and unresolved couple problems than the comparison group...
August 2017: Journal of Child and Family Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078221/interprofessional-education-and-practice-a-family-centered-approach-to-autism
#5
Patricia A Prelock, Marie-Christine Potvin, Liliane Savard
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Seminars in Speech and Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076744/oral-assessment-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-in-rawalpindi-pakistan
#6
Fatima Suhaib, Asfia Saeed, Hashmat Gul, Muhammad Kaleem
Comparison of oral health status, dental needs and dietary habits of children with autism and their healthy siblings. In this cross-sectional study, oral hygiene measures, sugar consumption and dental examination of 58 Pakistani children with autism spectrum disorder were assessed and compared to 27 of their siblings without autism spectrum disorder. Questionnaires were distributed to their parents regarding oral hygiene measures, dietary habits and past dental experiences. Clinical examination for the presence of dental caries, periodontal disease or parafunctional habits was carried out and findings were associated with the mother's education...
October 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072182/social-challenges-of-contemporary-psychiatry
#7
N Bouras
Psychiatry and society are interrelated and the biopsychosocial model continues to dominate the clinical psychiatric practice. Some doubts have been expressed in recent years about the value and the wide acceptance of the biopsychosocial model. Ghaemi (2009)1 considers it to be anti-humanistic and advocates the use of less eclectic, less generic, and less vague alternatives. The fundamental changes that have been witnessed in our times across the spectrum of biology, psychology and sociology have made necessary that a conceptual clarity should prevail...
July 2017: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069914/supporting-metacognitive-monitoring-in-mathematics-learning-for-young-people-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-classroom-based-study
#8
Katie Maras, Tim Gamble, Mark Brosnan
Previous research suggests impaired metacognitive monitoring and mathematics under-achievement in autism spectrum disorder. Within educational settings, metacognitive monitoring is supported through the provision of feedback (e.g. with goal reminders and by explicitly correcting errors). Given the strength of the relationship between metacognition, learning and educational attainment, this research tested new computer-based metacognitive support (the 'Maths Challenge') for mathematics learners with autism spectrum disorder within the context of their classroom...
October 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063482/information-advocacy-and-signposting-as-a-low-level-support-for-adults-with-high-functioning-autism-spectrum-disorder-an-example-from-the-uk
#9
Kris Southby, Olivia Robinson
'Low-level' support is championed to support adults with high functioning autism spectrum disorder (HFASD) to achieve good quality health and social care, yet research in the area is sparse. Drawing on semi-structured interview data, this paper considers the efficacy of an intervention to provide low-level support to adults with HFASD with little or no funded support. The intervention led to a number of perceived positive outcomes for adults with HFASD, their families, and service providers in the city, including increased access to education, volunteering, support and information, socialising, improved health and wellbeing, and managing day-to-day...
October 23, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056847/examining-services-for-young-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-parent-satisfaction-and-predictors-of-service-utilization
#10
Laura Lee McIntyre, Patricia K Zemantic
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is the fastest growing group of neurodevelopmental disorders in childhood. Earlier detection means an increased need for early intervention and other educational services. This study examined what services a sample of young children with ASD received, what variables predicted service utilization, and how satisfied parents were with the services. Sixty children (2-7 years) and their families from the Northwestern United States participated in the study. Results suggest that, on average, children received 13 hours of educational and therapeutic services per week, with younger children receiving fewer services than older children...
November 2017: Early Childhood Education Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056086/prevalence-and-correlates-of-autism-spectrum-disorders-in-quebec
#11
Fatoumata Binta Diallo, Éric Fombonne, Steve Kisely, Louis Rochette, Helen-Maria Vasiliadis, Alain Vanasse, Manon Noiseux, Éric Pelletier, Johanne Renaud, Danielle St-Laurent, Alain Lesage
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence, comorbidities, and service use of people with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) based on data from Quebec Integrated Chronic Diseases Surveillance System (QICDSS). METHODS: We included all residents up to age 24 eligible for health plan coverage who were in Quebec for at least 1 day from January 1, 1996, to March 31, 2015. To be considered as having an ASD, an individual had to have had at least 1 physician claim or hospital discharge abstract from 2000 to 2015 indicating one of the following ASD diagnosis codes: ICD-9 codes 299...
January 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051774/effectiveness-of-the-boost-a%C3%A2-online-transition-planning-program-for-adolescents-on-the-autism-spectrum-a-quasi-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Megan Hatfield, Marita Falkmer, Torbjorn Falkmer, Marina Ciccarelli
BACKGROUND: The majority of existing transition planning programs are focused on people with a disability in general and may not meet the specific need of adolescents on the autism spectrum. In addition, these interventions focus on specific skills (e.g. job readiness or self-determination) rather than the overall transition planning process and there are methodological limitations to many of the studies determining their effectiveness. The Better OutcOmes & Successful Transitions for Autism (BOOST-A™) is an online program that supports adolescents on the autism spectrum to prepare for leaving school...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048365/integrating-autism-care-through-a-school-based-intervention-model-a-pilot-study
#13
Katherine Dang, Stephen Bent, Brittany Lawton, Tracy Warren, Felicia Widjaja, Michael G McDonald, Michael Breard, Whitney O'Keefe, Robert L Hendren
The purpose of this pilot study is to determine the feasibility of monitoring the progress of children with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) both in school and at home to promote a school-based integrated care model between parents, teachers, and medical providers. This is a prospective cohort study. To monitor progress, outcome measures were administered via an online platform developed for caregivers and teachers of children (n = 30) attending a school specializing in neurodevelopmental disorders and using an integrated medical and education program...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048234/parent-education-for-young-children-with-autism-and-disruptive-behavior-response-to-active-control-treatment
#14
Jessica Bradshaw, Karen Bearss, Courtney McCracken, Tristram Smith, Cynthia Johnson, Luc Lecavalier, Naomi Swiezy, Lawrence Scahill
This study examines parent and child characteristics in young children with autism spectrum disorder and disruptive behavior who showed a positive response to a parent education program in a randomized clinical trial of parent training. Children with autism spectrum disorder (N = 180) were randomized to parent training (PT) or parent education program (PEP) for 6 months. Using the Clinical Global Impression-Improvement scale, masked independent evaluators rated positive response in 68.5% of children in PT compared to 39...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042781/children-with-borderline-intellectual-functioning-and-autism-spectrum-disorder-developmental-trajectories-from-4-to-11-years-of-age
#15
Martina Barnevik Olsson, Anette Holm, Joakim Westerlund, Åsa Lundholm Hedvall, Christopher Gillberg, Elisabeth Fernell
BACKGROUND: Studies on autism have tended to focus either on those with intellectual disability (ie, those with intellectual quotient [IQ] under 70) or on the group that is referred to as "high-functioning", that is, those with borderline, average or above average IQ. The literature on cognition and daily functioning in autism spectrum disorder combined specifically with borderline intellectual functioning (IQ 70-84) is limited. METHODS: From a representative group of 208 preschool children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder, those 50 children in the group with borderline intellectual functioning at ages 4...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034690/educator-perspectives-on-the-postsecondary-transition-difficulties-of-students-with-autism
#16
Rebecca Elias, Ashley E Muskett, Susan W White
Addressing the challenges of adolescents and emerging adults with autism spectrum disorder is crucial to improving the outcomes of these students in the postsecondary setting. Although secondary and postsecondary educators and staff are critical to helping these students access services, there has been little investigation into the perspectives of this stakeholder group, with respect to the needs of postsecondary students with autism spectrum disorder. A series of focus groups was conducted with secondary and postsecondary educators to understand educator perspectives related to the challenges faced by postsecondary students with autism spectrum disorder...
October 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032701/parent-reported-use-of-interventions-by-toddlers-and-preschoolers-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#17
Nalin Payakachat, J Mick Tilford, Karen A Kuhlthau
OBJECTIVE: This study examined services used by young children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and factors associated with use. METHODS: A retrospective observational study was conducted with baseline data for toddlers (under age three) and preschoolers (three to less than six years) with ASD enrolled in the Autism Speaks Autism Treatment Network registry from 2008 to 2013 (N=2,804). Parents' reports at enrollment of services received by children were documented...
October 16, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028520/socioeconomic-status-and-childhood-autism-a-population-based-study-in-china
#18
Ping He, Chao Guo, Zhenjie Wang, Gong Chen, Ning Li, Xiaoying Zheng
There is limited evidence on the association between socioeconomic status (SES) and autism in developing nations. The aim of this study was to examine this association among children aged 0-17 years in China. We obtained data from the Second National Sample Survey on Disability, and selected 616,940 children for analysis. Autism was ascertained according to the International Statistical Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision. Multiple logistic regressions allowing for weights showed that children in middle-income and high-income families were less likely than their low-income peers to have autism, with an odds ratio of 0...
August 31, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021945/an-evaluation-of-instructive-feedback-to-teach-play-behavior-to-a-child-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#19
Laura L Grow, Tiffany Kodak, Andrea Clements
Instructive feedback is used to expose learners to secondary targets during skill acquisition programs (Reichow & Wolery, in Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 44, 327-340, 2011; Werts, Wolery, Gast, & Holcombe, in Journal of Behavioral Education, 5, 55-75, 1995). Although unrelated feedback may have clinical utility in practice, very little research has evaluated unrelated instructive feedback, particularly for promoting play behavior (Colozzi, Ward, & Crotty, in Education and Training in Developmental Disabilities, 43, 226-248, 2008)...
September 2017: Behavior Analysis in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020804/multi-informant-assessment-of-transition-related-skills-and-skill-importance-in-adolescents-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#20
Kara Hume, Jessica Dykstra Steinbrenner, John Sideris, Leann Smith, Suzanne Kucharczyk, Kate Szidon
Adolescents with autism spectrum disorder have limited participation in the transition planning process, despite the link between active participation and an improvement in postsecondary education and employment outcomes. The Secondary School Success Checklist was designed to support transition planning for adolescents with autism spectrum disorder by incorporating their own assessments of strengths, skill deficits, and prioritization for instruction along with those of their parents and teachers across multiple skill domains...
October 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
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