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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929487/school-connectedness-and-the-primary-to-secondary-school-transition-for-young-people-with-autism-spectrum-conditions
#1
Judith S Hebron
BACKGROUND: Young people with autism spectrum conditions (ASC) face many educational challenges, particularly in terms of academic achievement, social inclusion, and mental health. School connectedness is linked to many positive outcomes and may be of particular salience at the primary-secondary school transition, when young people with ASC are expected to cope in new and unfamiliar settings. AIMS: This study explores for the first time school connectedness across the primary to secondary school transition for young people with ASC...
September 20, 2017: British Journal of Educational Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929259/vr-employment-outcomes-of-individuals-with-autism-spectrum-disorders-a-decade-in-the-making
#2
Charlotte Y Alverson, Scott H Yamamoto
This study utilized hierarchical linear modeling analysis of a 10-year extant dataset from Rehabilitation Services Administration to investigate significant predictors of employment outcomes for vocational rehabilitation (VR) clients with autism. Predictor variables were gender, ethnicity, attained education level, IEP status in high school, secondary disability status, and total number of VR services. Competitive employment was the criterion variable. Only one predictor variable, Total Number of VR Services, was significant across all 10 years...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926775/geographic-and-demographic-correlates-of-autism-related-anti-vaccine-beliefs-on-twitter-2009-15
#3
Theodore S Tomeny, Christopher J Vargo, Sherine El-Toukhy
This study examines temporal trends, geographic distribution, and demographic correlates of anti-vaccine beliefs on Twitter, 2009-2015. A total of 549,972 tweets were downloaded and coded for the presence of anti-vaccine beliefs through a machine learning algorithm. Tweets with self-disclosed geographic information were resolved and United States Census data were collected for corresponding areas at the micropolitan/metropolitan level. Trends in number of anti-vaccine tweets were examined at the national and state levels over time...
September 4, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919764/levetiracetam-is-associated-with-decrease-in-subclinical-epileptiform-discharges-and-improved-cognitive-functions-in-pediatric-patients-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#4
Minjian Wang, Li Jiang, Xiaoju Tang
OBJECTIVE: Subclinical epileptiform discharges (SEDs) are common in pediatric patients with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), but the effect of antiepileptic drugs on SEDs in ASD remains inconclusive. This physician-blinded, prospective, randomized controlled trial investigated an association between the anticonvulsant drug levetiracetam and SEDs in children with ASD. METHODS: A total of 70 children with ASD (4-6 years) and SEDs identified by electroencephalogram were randomly divided into two equal groups to receive either levetiracetam and educational training (treatment group) or educational training only (control)...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900768/maternal-and-paternal-infertility-disorders-and-treatments-and-autism-spectrum-disorder-findings-from-the-study-to-explore-early-development
#5
Laura A Schieve, Carolyn Drews-Botsch, Shericka Harris, Craig Newschaffer, Julie Daniels, Carolyn DiGuiseppi, Lisa A Croen, Gayle C Windham
Previous studies of associations between ASD and conception using assisted reproductive technology (ART) are inconsistent and few studies have examined associations with other infertility treatments or infertility disorders. We examined associations between ASD and maternal/paternal infertility disorders and numerous maternal treatments among 1538 mother-child pairs in the Study to Explore Early Development, a population-based case-control study. ASD was associated with any female infertility diagnosis and several specific diagnoses: blocked tubes, endometriosis, uterine-factor infertility, and polycystic ovarian syndrome...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889215/brief-report-postsecondary-work-and-educational-disruptions-for-youth-on-the-autism-spectrum
#6
Julie Lounds Taylor, Leann Smith DaWalt
This study examined vocational/educational disruption in the 2-3 years after high school for 36 youth with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Data were collected three times from parents: during youth's last year of high school and two times after high school exit. Data were coded into categories indicating any versus no disruptions in postsecondary vocation/education, and group differences in individual (behavior problems, IQ, adaptive behavior, autism severity, stress reactivity) and family (parent depression, anxiety, quality of life; family income and climate) factors were examined...
September 9, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877047/autism-spectrum-disorders-in-adolescence-and-adulthood-focus-on-sexuality
#7
Daniel Turner, Peer Briken, Daniel Schöttle
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The combination of the core symptoms, characterizing individuals with autism-spectrum disorder (ASD), can lead to problems in romantic relationships and sexual functioning. The purpose of this article is to review studies on sexuality in individuals with ASD published since January 2016. RECENT FINDINGS: Individuals with ASD and especially women show a higher diversity in sexual orientation in comparison with the non-ASD population. Furthermore, ASD women are more frequently in a relationship and usually report more previous sexual experiences...
September 4, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873845/exploring-the-use-of-a-humanoid-robot-to-engage-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-asd
#8
Lorenzo Desideri, Marco Negrini, Maria Cristina Cutrone, Aziz Rouame, Massimiliano Malavasi, Evert-Jan Hoogerwerf, Paola Bonifacci, Rita Di Sarro
We present a study aimed at exploring whether a humanoid robot may improve the effectiveness of educational interventions targeting children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Preliminary results with three preschool children with ASD indicate that interacting with a humanoid robot may facilitate engagement and goal achievement in educational activities.
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857590/an-empirical-study-of-multidimensional-fidelity-of-compass-consultation
#9
Venus Wong, Lisa A Ruble, John H McGrew, Yue Yu
Consultation is essential to the daily practice of school psychologists (National Association of School Psychologist, 2010). Successful consultation requires fidelity at both the consultant (implementation) and consultee (intervention) levels. We applied a multidimensional, multilevel conception of fidelity (Dunst, Trivette, & Raab, 2013) to a consultative intervention called the Collaborative Model for Promoting Competence and Success (COMPASS) for students with autism. The study provided 3 main findings. First, multidimensional, multilevel fidelity is a stable construct and increases over time with consultation support...
August 31, 2017: School Psychology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856480/screening-for-autism-with-the-srs-and-scq-variations-across-demographic-developmental-and-behavioral-factors-in-preschool-children
#10
Eric J Moody, Nuri Reyes, Caroline Ledbetter, Lisa Wiggins, Carolyn DiGuiseppi, Amira Alexander, Shardel Jackson, Li-Ching Lee, Susan E Levy, Steven A Rosenberg
The Social Communication Questionnaire (SCQ) and the Social Responsiveness Scales (SRS) are commonly used screeners for autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Data from the Study to Explore Early Development were used to examine variations in the performance of these instruments by child characteristics and family demographics. For both instruments, specificity decreased as maternal education and family income decreased. Specificity was decreased with lower developmental functioning and higher behavior problems. This suggests that the false positive rates of the SRS and the SCQ are associated with child characteristics and family demographic factors...
August 30, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856474/mothers-reactions-to-their-child-s-asd-diagnosis-predictors-that-discriminate-grief-from-distress
#11
Heidi A Wayment, Kristina A Brookshire
We examined whether grief and general distress reactions characterized mothers' reactions to their child's ASD diagnosis, and whether these two types of reactions had unique predictors. Hierarchical regression analyses were conducted on data collected from 362 mothers recruited from the Interactive Autism Network (IAN). The mothers were predominantly white, highly educated, and married. Grief reactions were positively associated with perceiving ASD as a loss and as unjust. Distress was positively associated with previous mental health issues, mothers' reports of their child's aggressive behavior, identity ambiguity, and less social support...
August 30, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852285/knowledge-and-perception-regarding-autism-among-primary-school-teachers-a-cross-sectional-survey-from-pakistan-south-asia
#12
Adil Ayub, Buria Naeem, Wajahat Nazir Ahmed, Suraksha Srichand, Komal Aziz, Brooj Abro, Sehrish Najam, Duraiz Murtaza, Ali Ahmed Janjua, Sara Ali, Imtiaz Jehan
BACKGROUND: Early detection and intervention seem to improve development in autistic children, and teachers form an important part of their early social environment. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to assess baseline knowledge and misconceptions regarding autism among school teachers and evaluate factors influencing their knowledge. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a cross-sectional survey enrolling primary school teachers using a self-administered questionnaire...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845700/investigating-the-driving-performance-of-drivers-with-and-without-autism-spectrum-disorders-under-complex-driving-conditions
#13
Derserri Yan Ting Chee, Hoe Chung Yeung Lee, Ann-Helen Patomella, Torbjörn Falkmer
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the driving performance of drivers with autism spectrum disorders under complex driving conditions. METHOD: Seventeen drivers with autism spectrum disorders and 18 typically developed drivers participated in a driving simulator trial. Prior to the assessment, participants completed the Driving Behaviour Questionnaire and measurements of cognitive and visual-motor ability. The driving simulation involved driving in an urban area with dense traffic and unpredictable events...
August 28, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843629/mental-health-on-screen-a-dsm-5-dissection-of-portrayals-of-autism-spectrum-disorders-in-film-and-tv
#14
Anders Nordahl-Hansen, Magnus Tøndevold, Sue Fletcher-Watson
Portrayals of characters with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) in films and TV series are subject to intense debate over whether such representations are accurate. Inaccurate portrayals are a concern as they may lead to increased stereotypes toward the condition. We investigate whether portrayals of characters with autism spectrum disorder in film and TV-series align with DSM-5 diagnostic criteria. Our data show that characters present a full range of characteristics described in the DSM-5. The meaning of this finding is discussed in relation to potential educational value of on screen portrayals and the notion of authenticity in representing the autistic experience...
August 23, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838601/fetal-alcohol-spectrum-disorders-what-pediatric-providers-need-to-know
#15
Angela Nash, Leah Davies
Prenatal alcohol exposure is the cause of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASDs), the prevalence of which is similar to that of other developmental disabilities like Down syndrome and autism. Children, adolescents, and adults who live with the disabilities associated with prenatal alcohol exposure face extraordinary challenges throughout their lives. Pediatric providers need to be able to identify patients with FASD because early recognition and intervention is known to improve life outcomes for affected individuals...
September 2017: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834788/associations-between-family-member-bmi-and-obesity-status-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#16
Jack Dempsey, Allison G Dempsey, Robert G Voigt, Sonia Monteiro
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether there is an association between parent and sibling obesity status and obesity status in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). METHODS: We examined predictors of obesity in children with ASD with body mass index data for the proband, 1 sibling, and 2 parents using data from the multisite Simons Simplex Collection. RESULTS: In a stepwise logistic regression model, proband obesity status was associated with obesity status of the sibling (odds ratio [OR] 2...
August 22, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833334/parents-voices-our-process-of-advocating-for-our-child-with-autism-a-meta-synthesis-of-parents-perspectives
#17
REVIEW
K Boshoff, D Gibbs, R L Phillips, L Wiles, L Porter
BACKGROUND: Advocacy has been described by parents of children with autism as an important coping strategy, enabling them to move forward by redirecting emotions into actions. A key factor in the development of collaborative and constructive partnerships between service providers and parents is having an understanding of how parents engage in advocacy and the support needed to do so. This meta-synthesis was undertaken to consolidate in-depth qualitative data from parents' perspectives of the process that they use to advocate for their children with autism...
August 23, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812966/a-snapshot-of-intellectual-disabilities-in-lao-pdr-challenges-for-the-development-of-services
#18
Stian H Thoresen, Angela Fielding, Sue Gillieatt, Barbara Blundell, Liem Nguyen
Lao People's Democratic Republic (PDR) has experienced significant economic growth in the last two decades. While access to education, health, and employment for people with disabilities has also improved markedly, people with intellectual disabilities are still among the most vulnerable in society. This article presents findings from a screening survey of 2469 participants, a focus group discussion with key stakeholders in intellectual disabilities, and a case study of the Association for Autism. The screening survey suggests 1...
September 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disabilities: JOID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799289/prenatal-exposure-to-fever-is-associated-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-in-the-boston-birth-cohort
#19
Martha Brucato, Christine Ladd-Acosta, Mengying Li, Deanna Caruso, Xiumei Hong, Jamie Kaczaniuk, Elizabeth A Stuart, M Daniele Fallin, Xiaobin Wang
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is phenotypically and etiologically heterogeneous, with evidence for genetic and environmental contributions to disease risk. Research has focused on the prenatal period as a time where environmental exposures are likely to influence risk for ASD. Epidemiological studies have shown significant associations between prenatal exposure to maternal immune activation (MIA), caused by infections and fever, and ASD. However, due to differences in study design and exposure measurements no consistent patterns have emerged revealing specific times or type of MIA exposure that are most important to ASD risk...
August 11, 2017: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798710/convergent-evaluation-of-working-memory-and-arithmetic-ability-in-a-child-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-without-intellectual-impairment
#20
Sandra Pellizzoni, Maria C Passolunghi
Studies focusing on a joint evaluation of both Working Memory (WM) and Math Ability (MA) in autism are far from abundant in literature, possibly due to inadequate methodological approaches and reported inconsistencies between results obtained in each separate field of research, resulting in contradictory conclusions. The specific aim of this case report is therefore evaluating and integrating results on these two cognitive abilities in a child with autism spectrum disorder without intellectual impairment. Our data on an autistic 10-year-old child (M...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
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