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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332185/handedness-and-the-risk-of-glioma
#1
Briana Miller, Noah C Peeri, Louis Burt Nabors, Jordan H Creed, Zachary J Thompson, Carrie M Rozmeski, Renato V LaRocca, Sajeel Chowdhary, Jeffrey J Olson, Reid C Thompson, Kathleen M Egan
Gliomas are the most common type of malignant primary brain tumor and few risk factors have been linked to their development. Handedness has been associated with several pathologic neurological conditions such as schizophrenia, autism, and epilepsy, but few studies have evaluated a connection between handedness and risk of glioma. In this study, we examined the relationship between handedness and glioma risk in a large case-control study (1849 glioma cases and 1354 healthy controls) and a prospective cohort study (326,475 subjects with 375 incident gliomas)...
January 13, 2018: Journal of Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310683/exploring-multi-level-system-factors-facilitating-educator-training-and-implementation-of-evidence-based-practices-ebp-a-study-protocol
#2
Aubyn C Stahmer, Jessica Suhrheinrich, Patricia L Schetter, Elizabeth McGee Hassrick
BACKGROUND: This study examines how system-wide (i.e., region, district, and school) mechanisms such as leadership support, training requirements, structure, collaboration, and education affect the use of evidence-based practices (EBPs) in schools and how this affects the outcomes for students with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Despite growing evidence for the positive effects of EBPs for ASD, these practices are not consistently or effectively used in schools. Although special education programs are mandated to use EBPs, there are very few evidence-based methods for selecting, implementing, and sustaining EBPs...
January 8, 2018: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305176/content-and-accuracy-of-vaccine-information-on-pediatrician-blogs
#3
Mersine A Bryan, Hailey Gunningham, Megan A Moreno
BACKGROUND: Parents often use social media such as blogs to inform decisions about vaccinations, however little is known about pediatrician blogs addressing vaccines. The objective of this study was to assess content, citations, audience engagement and accuracy of vaccine information on pediatrician blogs. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a content analysis of vaccine information on pediatrician blogs. A national sample of pediatrician blogs was identified using a search rubric of terms applied to multiple search engines...
January 2, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301738/second-version-of-google-glass-as-a-wearable-socio-affective-aid-positive-school-desirability-high-usability-and-theoretical-framework-in-a-sample-of-children-with-autism
#4
Ned T Sahin, Neha U Keshav, Joseph P Salisbury, Arshya Vahabzadeh
BACKGROUND: Computerized smartglasses are being developed as an assistive technology for daily activities in children and adults with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). While smartglasses may be able to help with educational and behavioral needs, their usability and acceptability in children with ASD is largely unknown. There have been reports of negative social perceptions surrounding smartglasses use in mainstream populations, a concern given that assistive technologies may already carry their own stigma...
January 4, 2018: JMIR Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298245/emergency-medical-responders-and-adolescents-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#5
Viola Cheung, Madeline L McCarthy, Mark X Cicero, John M Leventhal, Carol Weitzman
OBJECTIVES: Because of the high prevalence of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and wandering behavior, emergency medical responders (EMRs) will likely encounter children and adolescents with ASD. The objectives were to describe interactions between EMRs and children and adolescents with ASD, to evaluate EMRs' ability to recognize ASD in a simulated trauma setting, and to determine if EMRs' demographic characteristics affected their interactions with ASD youth. METHODS: A study of 75 videos of a simulated school bus crash was performed...
January 2, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290407/expanding-access-to-clinical-services-for-toddlers-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#6
Therese L Mathews, Ashley M Lugo, Melissa L King, Laura L Needelman, Paige E McArdle, Natalie Romer, Megan Terry, Kathryn Menousek, Joseph H Evans, William J Higgins
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder typically diagnosed in the toddler and preschool years. Intensive early intervention (EI) using applied behavior analytic procedures is the evidenced-based intervention most effective in improving developmental outcomes. Unfortunately, there are numerous barriers to accessing EI services for toddlers with ASD. This article addresses (a) the process of developing an EI program using primarily applied behavior analytic services with multidisciplinary health care providers, (b) a description of the service delivery provided, (c) educational and training programs to increase qualified staff, and (d) advocacy efforts to improve community capacity...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280713/parental-or-teacher-education-and-coaching-to-support-function-and-participation-of-children-and-youth-with-sensory-processing-and-sensory-integration-challenges-a-systematic-review
#7
Heather Miller-Kuhaneck, Renee Watling
This systematic review examines the literature published from January 2007 through May 2015 related to the effectiveness of occupational therapy interventions using parental or teacher education and coaching with children with challenges in sensory processing and sensory integration (SP-SI). Of more than 11,000 abstracts and 86 articles that were considered, only 4 met the criteria and were included in this review. Studies of parental training and coaching for children with challenges in SP-SI and comorbid autism spectrum disorder have suggested that educational or coaching programs could result in positive outcomes for both parents and children, often in a relatively short time period...
January 2018: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29262470/-sleep-problems-and-the-association-with-the-levels-of-6-sulfatoxymelatonin-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#8
P P Han, M Y Zou, X L Yang, X C Liu, S Liang, C H Sun, W Xia, L J Wu
Objective: To identify the prevalence of sleep problems in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and to explore the association with the main melatonin metabolite, 6-sulfatoxymelatonin (6-SM). Method: This was a prospective case-control study. Children with ASD were recruited from Child Development and Behavioral Research Center (CDBRC) of the Harbin Medical University and Harbin Special Education School from October 2015 to April 2017 (ASD group) . Healthy controls were selected from five kindergartens and one primary school in Harbin by the stratified cluster random sampling (control group) ...
December 2, 2017: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249012/what-works-for-college-students-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#9
S Jay Kuder, Amy Accardo
This article reports the results of a systematic review of the emerging research on programs and services designed to meet the needs of students with ASD. For the purposes of this review, only articles that included data on program outcomes were included. A total of eight studies that met this criterion were identified. These studies included three that examined the effects of cognitive-behavioral interventions, three that reported the results of methods to enhance social communication skills, one study of a transition to college program, and one evaluation of a variety of widely used accommodations...
December 16, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248926/comprehension-of-narrow-focus-by-adolescents-in-the-autism-spectrum
#10
Osnat Segal, Dafna Kaplan, Smadar Patael, Liat Kishon-Rabin
OBJECTIVE: The study compared the performance of adolescents with autistic spectrum disorder (ASD) to that of age-matched peers with typical development (TD) and cognitive language-matched peers with TD on measures of identification and comprehension of "narrow focus." PARTICIPANTS: Forty-nine participants, 17 autistic, 17 TD peers matched for age and sex, and 15 TD children matched for expressive vocabulary participated in the study. METHOD: The Hebrew Narrow Focus Test (HNFT) was used...
2017: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248918/issues-in-identification-and-assessment-of-children-with-autism-and-a-proposed-resource-toolkit-for-speech-language-pathologists
#11
Yvette Hus
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) has increased significantly in the last decade as have treatment choices. Nonetheless, the vastly diverse autism topic includes issues related to naming, description, iden-tification, assessment, and differentiation from other neu-rodevelopmental conditions. ASD issues directly impact speech-language pathologists (SLPs) who often see these children as the second contact, after pediatric medical practitioners. Because of shared symptomology, differentiation among neurodevelopmental disorders is crucial as it impacts treatment, educational choices, and the performance trajectory of affected children...
2017: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243099/autism-and-accommodations-in-higher-education-insights-from-the-autism-community
#12
Jennifer C Sarrett
This article builds on the growing body of research on higher education for autistic students by soliciting input from autistic adults on their higher education experiences and suggestions on making these experiences more 'autism-friendly'. Sixty-six individuals participated in a national exploratory survey and thirty-one participated in follow-up, online focus groups. The article reviews the accommodations individuals received and the accommodations they would have liked to receive. Concrete strategies are provided for institutes of higher education to address the social and sensory needs of autistic students, areas many participants reported being neglected in their academic experience, such as mentors and a neurodiverse space...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242177/implementing-a-mental-health-care-program-and-home-based-training-for-mothers-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-in-an-urban-population-in-bangladesh-protocol-for-a-feasibility-assessment-study
#13
Aliya Naheed, Kamrun Nahar Koly, Helal Uddin Ahmed, Shaheen Akhter, M M Jalal Uddin, Mary C Smith Fawzi, Subhash Chandir, Muzharul Mannan, Saima Hossain, Charles Nelson, Kerim Munir
BACKGROUND: Mothers of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have reported a higher level of depression than mothers of children with other neurodevelopmental disorders in both developed and developing countries. Mothers are the lifetime caregivers of children with ASD, and a high burden of depression can negatively impact their ability to provide care. However, access to mental health services in primary care is limited, given the scarcity of qualified providers in Bangladesh...
December 14, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238949/a-pilot-of-a-brief-positive-parenting-program-on-children-newly-diagnosed-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#14
Debra H Zand, Margaret W Bultas, Stephen Edward McMillin, Donna Halloran, Taryn White, Donnamarie McNamara, Katherine J Pierce
Disruptive behaviors can be of comparable or greater concern to parents than the core symptoms of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Provision of effective interventions to address these behaviors within the first year of initial diagnosis holds great potential for improving the child's, parents', and family's functioning. We piloted a four-session, manualized, positive parenting program on 21 parents of newly diagnosed children ages 2 through 12 years using a mixed methods design. Seventy-five percent of parents completed four sessions, with 100% reporting high levels of service satisfaction...
December 14, 2017: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228780/vocalizations-of-minimally-verbal-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-across-the-school-year
#15
Moon Young Savana Bak, Joshua B Plavnick, Sarah M Byrne
Little is known about the language trajectories of minimally verbal school-aged children with autism spectrum disorders. The present investigation conducted observations across two elementary schools over an entire school year to analyze the vocal language development of nine minimally verbal children with autism spectrum disorder between the ages of 6 and 10 years, and their educational service providers. A Language Environment Analysis™ device automatically recorded and disaggregated over 743 h of data on child vocalizations, and vocal interactions with adults...
December 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204811/impact-of-a-patient-facing-enhanced-genomic-results-report-to-improve-understanding-engagement-and-communication
#16
Janet L Williams, Alanna Kulchak Rahm, Doris T Zallen, Heather Stuckey, Kara Fultz, Audrey L Fan, Michele Bonhag, Lynn Feldman, Michael M Segal, Marc S Williams
"The objective of this study was to" test the effectiveness of an enhanced genomic report on patient-centered outcome domains including communication, engagement and satisfaction. "Study design utilized" a prospective, randomized, mixed-methods desctiptive study of a whole genome sequencing results report, GenomeCOMPASS™, that was accessed by providers through the electronic health record and by patients through the associated patient portal. "The study was set in" an integrated healthcare delivery system in central Pennsylvania...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Genetic Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202172/interprofessional-collaboration-of-dental-hygiene-and-communication-sciences-disorders-students-to-meet-oral-health-needs-of-children-with-autism
#17
Kelly L Anderson, Trisha L Self, Brandi N Carlson
PURPOSE: This pilot project was intended to introduce an authentic interprofessional education experience with students from Communication Sciences & Disorders (CSD) and Dental Hygiene (DH) to develop and apply strategies to assist children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) to decrease their anxiety and improve their ability to participate in an oral screening and prophylaxis appointment. The second purpose was for students to learn each other's scope of practice. METHODS: Four children diagnosed with ASD were identified as having dental anxiety and unmet dental needs...
2017: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199448/exploring-the-moderating-effects-of-cognitive-abilities-on-social-competence-intervention-outcomes
#18
Janine P Stichter, Melissa J Herzog, Stephen P Kilgus, Alexander M Schoemann
Many populations served by special education, including those identified with autism, emotional impairments, or students identified as not ready to learn, experience social competence deficits. The Social Competence Intervention-Adolescents' (SCI-A) methods, content, and materials were designed to be maximally pertinent and applicable to the social competence needs of early adolescents (i.e., age 11-14 years) identified as having scholastic potential but experiencing significant social competence deficits. Given the importance of establishing intervention efficacy, the current paper highlights the results from a four-year cluster randomized trial (CRT) to examine the efficacy of SCI-A (n = 146 students) relative to Business As Usual (n = 123 students) school-based programming...
January 2018: Behavior Modification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199447/selection-and-implementation-of-skill-acquisition-programs-by-special-education-teachers-and-staff-for-students-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#19
Tiffany Kodak, Tom Cariveau, Brittany A LeBlanc, Jacob J Mahon, Regina A Carroll
The present investigation examined special education teachers' selection and use of teaching strategies for receptive identification training with children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in their classrooms. Teachers first responded to a survey in which they provided examples of receptive identification tasks taught in their classrooms, rated the efficacy of teaching strategies, described how they determined whether skills were mastered, listed any assessments they conducted to identify relevant prerequisite skills prior to receptive identification training, described how they selected teaching strategies for use in their classrooms, and listed their years of experience as a teacher and working with children with ASD...
January 2018: Behavior Modification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199446/advances-in-school-based-interventions-for-students-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-introduction-to-the-special-issue
#20
Cynthia M Anderson, Tristram Smith, Susan M Wilczynski
As the diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder has increased, so too has research on interventions to address core and associated features of autism. Although many methodologically rigorous studies on interventions have been reported, their relevance to educators is somewaht unclear. For example, only about 32% of evidence-based strategies identifed in these reviews were conducted in k-12 settings. Current literature also is limited in that, although many studies show that interventions can improve the communication and social interaction skills of individuals with autism, most of this work has been conducted with pre-school children; questions remain about the generality of these findings to school-aged children...
January 2018: Behavior Modification
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