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Sports AND psychiatry

Mark A Stillman, Tyler Brown, Eva C Ritvo, Ira D Glick
The focus of this paper is to provide an update on the use of psychotherapy as a treatment in sport psychiatry, and the use of this approach to address common psychiatric issues encountered with this population. Specifically, family therapy, individual therapy, and group psychotherapy prescribed alone, or in combination with medication, will be examined as methods to manage issues/disorders often associated with athletes. These include obsessive-compulsive rituals and perfectionism, and aggressive and risky behaviours, such as gambling, infidelity, substance use, and suicidal ideation, narcissism, and aggression in the context of individual and team competitive sports...
August 12, 2016: International Review of Psychiatry
Brent Wolfrom, Geoff Hodgetts, Jyoti Kotecha, Emily Pollock, Mary Martin, Han Han, Pierre Morissette
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate satisfaction with civilian residency training programs among serving general duty medical officers within the Canadian Armed Forces. DESIGN: A 23-item, cross-sectional survey face-validated by the office of the Surgeon General of the Canadian Armed Forces. SETTING: Canada. PARTICIPANTS: General duty medical officers serving in the Canadian Armed Forces as of February 2014 identified through the Directorate of Health Services Personnel of the Canadian Forces Health Services Group Headquarters...
September 2016: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
Ira D Glick, João Mauricio Castaldelli-Maia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 26, 2016: International Review of Psychiatry
Claudia L Reardon, Shane Creado
OBJECTIVES: When prescribing psychiatric medications to athletes, it is important to consider issues that are especially important for this population, including side effects, safety concerns, and anti-doping policies. Only one report, from 2000, describes the prescribing preferences of psychiatrists who work with athletes. This manuscript aims to update the findings from that report, so as to help inform prescribing practices of primary care physicians, psychiatrists, and other clinicians who work with athletes...
July 26, 2016: Physician and Sportsmedicine
Dan Begel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 19, 2016: International Review of Psychiatry
David O Conant-Norville
A positive youth sports experience is essential if an athlete is to develop a lifelong commitment to sport. Children enjoy play and adults can create opportunities for physical, emotional, and cognitive development through sport for all children. This article reviews the current state of youth sports in the US, highlighting some of the problems of the current model and efforts to transform and improve the youth sports experience in the US. The new model of youth sports emphasizes the importance of developing 'physical literacy' in all young athletes, increasing availability of recreational sports activities, providing quality coaching to all, improved sports safety, improved availability of sports venues for athletes at all levels, and at an affordable cost for all...
June 29, 2016: International Review of Psychiatry
Elizabeth B Torres, Robert W Isenhower, Jillian Nguyen, Caroline Whyatt, John I Nurnberger, Jorge V Jose, Steven M Silverstein, Thomas V Papathomas, Jacob Sage, Jonathan Cole
There is a critical need for new analytics to personalize behavioral data analysis across different fields, including kinesiology, sports science, and behavioral neuroscience. Specifically, to better translate and integrate basic research into patient care, we need to radically transform the methods by which we describe and interpret movement data. Here, we show that hidden in the "noise," smoothed out by averaging movement kinematics data, lies a wealth of information that selectively differentiates neurological and mental disorders such as Parkinson's disease, deafferentation, autism spectrum disorders, and schizophrenia from typically developing and typically aging controls...
2016: Frontiers in Neurology
Ranjit Menon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2016: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
Michael J Ellis, Lesley J Ritchie, Mark Koltek, Shahid Hosain, Dean Cordingley, Stephanie Chu, Erin Selci, Jeff Leiter, Kelly Russell
OBJECT: The objectives of this study were twofold: (1) to examine the prevalence of emotional symptoms among children and adolescents with a sports-related concussion (SRC) who were referred to a multidisciplinary pediatric concussion program and (2) to examine the prevalence, clinical features, risk factors, and management of postinjury psychiatric outcomes among those in this clinical population. METHODS: The authors conducted a retrospective chart review of all patients with SRC referred to a multidisciplinary pediatric concussion program between September 2013 and October 2014...
December 2015: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
Marie C Morris, Thomas Frodl, Arun D'Souza, Andrew J Fagan, Paul F Ridgway
BACKGROUND: Patient safety is fundamental to modern medical practice; safe surgery saves lives. Ensuring surgical competence is becoming more difficult at a time when surgeons are being trained in fewer hours. Accurate objective assessment of technical skills ability is lacking in standardization. Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) has a long history in neuroscience, psychiatry, and cognitive studies. Many studies have explored levels of perceived expertise in sports and musical ability...
March 2015: Journal of Surgical Education
Gyöngyvér Dallos, Judit Balázs
Recently the concept of Quality of Life has gained increasing importance in Psychiatry. Studies focusing on how much attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) - one of the most prevalent psychiatric disorders among children - affects the every day life found that children with ADHD had significantly lower Quality of Life than healthy controls or children with other psychiatric or physical disorders. In the current paper we present the case of two boys with ADHD and their families. These cases demonstrate that adequate treatment of the symptoms of ADHD can improve Quality of Life of the patients and their families, moreover, different life events can worsen the symptoms of ADHD...
June 2014: Neuropsychopharmacologia Hungarica
Carlo Alfredo Clerici, Enrico Muccino, Guendalina Gentile, Matteo Marchesi, Laura Veneroni, Riccardo Zoja
Traumatic lethal injuries caused by crossbows are a rarity in forensic pathology. They occur as accidents, suicide and, more rarely, as murders. We report a case of murder received at the Institute of Legal Medicine in Milan carried out by two weapons - a crossbow and a hunting knife - that resulted in multiple thoraco-abdominal wounds. The case is also rare because of the unique circumstances involving the victim - a local service psychiatrist - and the perpetrator - a former medical specialist in psychiatry, suffering from a delusional psychotic disorder...
April 2015: Medicine, Science, and the Law
Katja Guenther
This article focuses on the convergence of sports and medicine in the practice of neurological gymnastics (Übungstherapie) in the German-speaking world at the turn of the twentieth century. It shows how Übungstherapie first found receptive ground within the peripheral medical space of the spa town (Kurort). Übungstherapie appealed to Kurort patients because, as a form of neurological gymnastics, it drew on the cultural capital of the broader German gymnastics movement. Only later did Übungstherapie find a place in more mainstream medicine, recasting itself as an integral part of neurological practice...
2014: Bulletin of the History of Medicine
Sandra Scivoletto, Mauro Vitor de Medeiros Filho, Elina Stefanovics, Robert A Rosenheck
This column describes the planning and development of The Equilibrium Program (TEP) for multiply traumatized and neglected children and adolescents with mental and general medical problems in São Paulo, Brazil. The program is a partnership between university faculty, various service providers, the courts, and the city government. In the first step, child psychiatry faculty from the University of São Paulo visited central-city areas and group shelters to talk to street youths to better understand their needs...
February 1, 2014: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
Karl-Jürgen Bär, Valentin Z Markser
The prevalence of psychiatric conditions among elite athletes is still under debate. More and more evidence has accumulated that high-performance athletes are not protected from mental disorders as previously thought. The authors discuss the issue of the sport specificity of selected mental diseases in elite athletes. Specific aspects of eating disorders, exercise addiction, chronic traumatic encephalopathy and mood disorders in the context of overtraining syndrome are examined. In particular, the interrelationship between life and work characteristics unique to elite athletes and the development of mental disorders are reviewed...
November 2013: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience
Manjeet S Bhatia, Shruti Srivastava, Anurag Jhanjee
BACKGROUND: Stampede is described as a sudden movement of a mass of people in response to a particular circumstance or stimulus. Human stampedes are quite often reported from crowded places like places of worship, sporting events, political rallies, etc. There are reports of development of posttraumatic stress disorder, depressive and anxiety symptoms in children and adolescents subsequent to both natural and man-made disasters. The present tragedy struck in a Government Secondary School in Delhi on September 9, 2009...
January 2012: Industrial Psychiatry Journal
Mikiya Nakatsuka
The guideline for the treatment of people with gender identity disorder (GID) of the Japanese Society of Psychiatry and Neurology was revised in January 2012. The guideline eased restrictions for the endocrine treatment of transsexual adolescents. A medical specialist can start treating transsexual adolescents at the age of 15 after the diagnosis of GID. It recommends that transsexual adolescents (Tanner stage 2 [mainly 12-13 years of age]) are treated by endocrinologists to suppress puberty with gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonists until the age of 15 years old, after which cross-sex hormones may be given...
2013: Seishin Shinkeigaku Zasshi, Psychiatria et Neurologia Japonica
Marion Zacharie
Adapted physical activities can take place within hospitals as well as outside. They hold a special place in the psychiatric landscape. The framework in which they take place is structured, well thought-out and organised. They are used, among others purposes, for prevention and rehabilitation and their influence on patients' well-being is proven.
March 2013: Soins. Psychiatrie
Caroline Buri, Kurt Laederach
The treatment of obesity is complex due to the multifactorial etiology. A modern therapy concept must therefore be tailored to the individual needs and problems and depends on various factors such as degree of obesity, the presence of physical complications, psychological co-morbidities, any treatment measures the patient underwent up to now as well as on motivational factors. Before deciding on a therapeutic measure a structured multidisciplinary cooperation is essential including psychosomatic medicine/psychiatry/psychotherapy, endocrinology, sports medicine, nutritional medicine and surgery as well...
February 2013: Therapeutische Umschau. Revue Thérapeutique
G Fond, D Ducasse, J Attal, A Larue, A Macgregor, M Brittner, D Capdevielle
INTRODUCTION: New challenges arise in medicine, particularly in psychiatry. In the near future, psychiatrists' role may evolve into management of mental health care teams (GPs, nurses, psychologists…) thus creating the need for charisma and leadership. Charisma is defined as « a quality that allows it's possessor to exercise influence, authority over a group »; leadership as « the function, the position of chief, and by extension, a dominant position ». AIM OF THE STUDY: To offer some reflections on charisma and leadership and the ways to develop them in three situations common in clinical practice: dual communication (between caregivers or with patients), oral communication (e...
December 2013: L'Encéphale
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