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Sports AND psychiatry

K Bart, H Steinberg
For the first time, this study presents publications representative for the work of the neurologist and sports physician Bernhard Schwarz, whose career spans from the 1950s to the 1970s. His work is characterized by exceptional originality. Schwarz acted as the physician of the GDR national boxing team and conducted a systematic long-term study of 800 boxers. He found increased occurrences of depression, Alzheimer's and Parkinson's diseases and suggested that these were linked to recurring craniocerebral injury...
November 29, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
Osman H Ahmed, Mike Loosemore, Katy Hornby, Bhavesh Kumar, Richard Sylvester, Hegoda Levansri Makalanda, Tim Rogers, David Edwards, Akbar de Medici
Concussion is a worldwide issue in sports medicine at present, and in recent years has evolved into a major consideration for sports in the United Kingdom (UK). Governing bodies, sports clinicians, and indeed athletes themselves are dealing with the implications that this injury brings. In parallel with this, innovative means of managing this condition are emerging. The creation of specialized concussion clinics (which mirror those present in the United States and Canada) is one means of enhancing concussion care in the UK...
2017: Progress in Brain Research
Yi-Hsiang Chiu, Frank Jing-Horng Lu, Ju-Han Lin, Chiao-Lin Nien, Ya-Wen Hsu, Hong-Yu Liu
BACKGROUND: Although Perceived Stress Scale (PSS, Cohen, Kamarack & Mermelstein, 1983) has been validated and widely used in many domains, there is still no validation in sports by comparing athletes and non-athletes and examining related psychometric indices. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the measurement invariance of PSS between athletes and non-athletes, and examine construct validity and reliability in the sports contexts. METHODS: Study 1 sampled 359 college student-athletes (males = 233; females = 126) and 242 non-athletes (males = 124; females = 118) and examined factorial structure, measurement invariance and internal consistency...
2016: PeerJ
Stephan C Bischoff, Yves Boirie, Tommy Cederholm, Michael Chourdakis, Cristina Cuerda, Nathalie M Delzenne, Nicolaas E Deutz, Denis Fouque, Laurence Genton, Carmen Gil, Berthold Koletzko, Miguel Leon-Sanz, Raanan Shamir, Joelle Singer, Pierre Singer, Nanette Stroebele-Benschop, Anders Thorell, Arved Weimann, Rocco Barazzoni
Overnutrition and sedentary lifestyle result in overweight or obesity defined as abnormal or excessive fat accumulation that may impair health. According to the WHO, the worldwide prevalence of obesity nearly doubled between 1980 and 2008. In 2008, over 50% of both men and women in the WHO European Region were overweight, and approximately 23% of women and 20% of men were obese. Comprehensive diagnostic and therapeutic approaches should include nutritional treatment to favor the best metabolic and nutritional outcome, as well as to induce potential disease-specific benefits from selected nutritional regimens...
November 16, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Mark A Stillman, Tyler Brown, Eva C Ritvo, Ira D Glick
The focus of this paper is to provide an update on the use of psychotherapy as a treatment in sport psychiatry, and the use of this approach to address common psychiatric issues encountered with this population. Specifically, family therapy, individual therapy, and group psychotherapy prescribed alone, or in combination with medication, will be examined as methods to manage issues/disorders often associated with athletes. These include obsessive-compulsive rituals and perfectionism, and aggressive and risky behaviours, such as gambling, infidelity, substance use, and suicidal ideation, narcissism, and aggression in the context of individual and team competitive sports...
December 2016: International Review of Psychiatry
Brent Wolfrom, Geoff Hodgetts, Jyoti Kotecha, Emily Pollock, Mary Martin, Han Han, Pierre Morissette
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate satisfaction with civilian residency training programs among serving general duty medical officers within the Canadian Armed Forces. DESIGN: A 23-item, cross-sectional survey face-validated by the office of the Surgeon General of the Canadian Armed Forces. SETTING: Canada. PARTICIPANTS: General duty medical officers serving in the Canadian Armed Forces as of February 2014 identified through the Directorate of Health Services Personnel of the Canadian Forces Health Services Group Headquarters...
September 2016: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
Ira D Glick, João Maurício Castaldelli-Maia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: International Review of Psychiatry
Claudia L Reardon, Shane Creado
OBJECTIVES: When prescribing psychiatric medications to athletes, it is important to consider issues that are especially important for this population, including side effects, safety concerns, and anti-doping policies. Only one report, from 2000, describes the prescribing preferences of psychiatrists who work with athletes. This manuscript aims to update the findings from that report, so as to help inform prescribing practices of primary care physicians, psychiatrists, and other clinicians who work with athletes...
November 2016: Physician and Sportsmedicine
Dan Begel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 19, 2016: International Review of Psychiatry
David O Conant-Norville
A positive youth sports experience is essential if an athlete is to develop a lifelong commitment to sport. Children enjoy play and adults can create opportunities for physical, emotional, and cognitive development through sport for all children. This article reviews the current state of youth sports in the US, highlighting some of the problems of the current model and efforts to transform and improve the youth sports experience in the US. The new model of youth sports emphasizes the importance of developing 'physical literacy' in all young athletes, increasing availability of recreational sports activities, providing quality coaching to all, improved sports safety, improved availability of sports venues for athletes at all levels, and at an affordable cost for all...
December 2016: International Review of Psychiatry
Elizabeth B Torres, Robert W Isenhower, Jillian Nguyen, Caroline Whyatt, John I Nurnberger, Jorge V Jose, Steven M Silverstein, Thomas V Papathomas, Jacob Sage, Jonathan Cole
There is a critical need for new analytics to personalize behavioral data analysis across different fields, including kinesiology, sports science, and behavioral neuroscience. Specifically, to better translate and integrate basic research into patient care, we need to radically transform the methods by which we describe and interpret movement data. Here, we show that hidden in the "noise," smoothed out by averaging movement kinematics data, lies a wealth of information that selectively differentiates neurological and mental disorders such as Parkinson's disease, deafferentation, autism spectrum disorders, and schizophrenia from typically developing and typically aging controls...
2016: Frontiers in Neurology
Ranjit Menon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2016: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
Michael J Ellis, Lesley J Ritchie, Mark Koltek, Shahid Hosain, Dean Cordingley, Stephanie Chu, Erin Selci, Jeff Leiter, Kelly Russell
OBJECT: The objectives of this study were twofold: (1) to examine the prevalence of emotional symptoms among children and adolescents with a sports-related concussion (SRC) who were referred to a multidisciplinary pediatric concussion program and (2) to examine the prevalence, clinical features, risk factors, and management of postinjury psychiatric outcomes among those in this clinical population. METHODS: The authors conducted a retrospective chart review of all patients with SRC referred to a multidisciplinary pediatric concussion program between September 2013 and October 2014...
December 2015: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
Marie C Morris, Thomas Frodl, Arun D'Souza, Andrew J Fagan, Paul F Ridgway
BACKGROUND: Patient safety is fundamental to modern medical practice; safe surgery saves lives. Ensuring surgical competence is becoming more difficult at a time when surgeons are being trained in fewer hours. Accurate objective assessment of technical skills ability is lacking in standardization. Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) has a long history in neuroscience, psychiatry, and cognitive studies. Many studies have explored levels of perceived expertise in sports and musical ability...
March 2015: Journal of Surgical Education
Gyöngyvér Dallos, Judit Balázs
Recently the concept of Quality of Life has gained increasing importance in Psychiatry. Studies focusing on how much attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) - one of the most prevalent psychiatric disorders among children - affects the every day life found that children with ADHD had significantly lower Quality of Life than healthy controls or children with other psychiatric or physical disorders. In the current paper we present the case of two boys with ADHD and their families. These cases demonstrate that adequate treatment of the symptoms of ADHD can improve Quality of Life of the patients and their families, moreover, different life events can worsen the symptoms of ADHD...
June 2014: Neuropsychopharmacologia Hungarica
Carlo Alfredo Clerici, Enrico Muccino, Guendalina Gentile, Matteo Marchesi, Laura Veneroni, Riccardo Zoja
Traumatic lethal injuries caused by crossbows are a rarity in forensic pathology. They occur as accidents, suicide and, more rarely, as murders. We report a case of murder received at the Institute of Legal Medicine in Milan carried out by two weapons - a crossbow and a hunting knife - that resulted in multiple thoraco-abdominal wounds. The case is also rare because of the unique circumstances involving the victim - a local service psychiatrist - and the perpetrator - a former medical specialist in psychiatry, suffering from a delusional psychotic disorder...
April 2015: Medicine, Science, and the Law
Katja Guenther
This article focuses on the convergence of sports and medicine in the practice of neurological gymnastics (Übungstherapie) in the German-speaking world at the turn of the twentieth century. It shows how Übungstherapie first found receptive ground within the peripheral medical space of the spa town (Kurort). Übungstherapie appealed to Kurort patients because, as a form of neurological gymnastics, it drew on the cultural capital of the broader German gymnastics movement. Only later did Übungstherapie find a place in more mainstream medicine, recasting itself as an integral part of neurological practice...
2014: Bulletin of the History of Medicine
Sandra Scivoletto, Mauro Vitor de Medeiros Filho, Elina Stefanovics, Robert A Rosenheck
This column describes the planning and development of The Equilibrium Program (TEP) for multiply traumatized and neglected children and adolescents with mental and general medical problems in São Paulo, Brazil. The program is a partnership between university faculty, various service providers, the courts, and the city government. In the first step, child psychiatry faculty from the University of São Paulo visited central-city areas and group shelters to talk to street youths to better understand their needs...
February 1, 2014: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
Karl-Jürgen Bär, Valentin Z Markser
The prevalence of psychiatric conditions among elite athletes is still under debate. More and more evidence has accumulated that high-performance athletes are not protected from mental disorders as previously thought. The authors discuss the issue of the sport specificity of selected mental diseases in elite athletes. Specific aspects of eating disorders, exercise addiction, chronic traumatic encephalopathy and mood disorders in the context of overtraining syndrome are examined. In particular, the interrelationship between life and work characteristics unique to elite athletes and the development of mental disorders are reviewed...
November 2013: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience
Manjeet S Bhatia, Shruti Srivastava, Anurag Jhanjee
BACKGROUND: Stampede is described as a sudden movement of a mass of people in response to a particular circumstance or stimulus. Human stampedes are quite often reported from crowded places like places of worship, sporting events, political rallies, etc. There are reports of development of posttraumatic stress disorder, depressive and anxiety symptoms in children and adolescents subsequent to both natural and man-made disasters. The present tragedy struck in a Government Secondary School in Delhi on September 9, 2009...
January 2012: Industrial Psychiatry Journal
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