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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145212/does-anaemia-have-major-public-health-importance-in-children-aged-6-59-months-in-the-duggina-fanigo-district-of-wolaita-zone-southern-ethiopia
#1
Yohannes Samuel Tiku, Tefera Chane Mekonnen, Shimelash Bitew Workie, Endale Amare
BACKGROUND: Globally, a large number of children aged 6-59 months are affected by anaemia. In Ethiopia, like other developing countries, more than 40% of children under 5 years are affected by anaemia. Anaemia during infancy and childhood period is associated with poor health and impaired cognitive development, leading to reduced academic achievement and earning potential in their adult life. The aim of this research was to assess whether anaemia remained a major public health problem among children aged 6-59 months or not in Duggina Fanigo District of Wolaita Zone, South Ethiopia in 2016...
November 16, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141338/-spatial-and-temporal-clustering-characteristics-of-typhoid-and-paratyphoid-fever-and-its-change-pattern-in-3-provinces-in-southwestern-china-2001-2012
#2
L X Wang, B Yang, M Y Yan, Y Q Tang, Z C Liu, R Q Wang, S Li, L Ma, B Kan
Objective: To analyze the spatial and temporal clustering characteristics of typhoid and paratyphoid fever and its change pattern in Yunnan, Guizhou and Guangxi provinces in southwestern China in recent years. Methods: The incidence data of typhoid and paratyphoid fever cases at county level in 3 provinces during 2001-2012 were collected from China Information System for Diseases Control and Prevention and analyzed by the methods of descriptive epidemiology and geographic informatics. And the map showing the spatial and temporal clustering characters of typhoid and paratyphoid fever cases in three provinces was drawn...
November 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141329/-association-between-illness-and-mental-status-in-pregnant-women-and-birth-defects
#3
D D Zhao, Y X Dai, L Q Guo, R Liu, H L Wang, B B Mi, S N Dang, H Yan
Objective: To understand the prevalence of birth defects, related diseases and mental status of women during pregnancy in Shaanxi province and to analyse the major risk factors on birth defects and congenital heart disease. Possible association between maternal diseases or mental status and the risk of birth defects, was also explored. Methods: A cross-sectional design was used in this study and stratified multistage random sampling method was used. The whole survey was from Jury 2013 to November 2013. Logistic regression method was used to analyze the association between maternal diseases, mental status during pregnancy and birth defects...
November 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139069/piloting-the-effectiveness-of-pig-health-education-in-combination-with-oxfendazole-treatment-on-prevention-and-or-control-of-porcine-cysticercosis-gastrointestinal-parasites-african-swine-fever-and-ectoparasites-in-ang%C3%A3-nia-district-mozambique
#4
A G Chilundo, M V Johansen, A Pondja, R Miambo, S Afonso, S Mukaratirwa
A community-based intervention combining health education (HE) and treatment of pigs for control of porcine cysticercosis (PC), gastrointestinal (GI) helminths, African swine fever (ASF) and external parasites was tested involving six villages of resource-poor smallholder pig farmers. Farmers and pigs of six rural villages were randomly allocated into group 1 (HE), which served as controls, and group 2 (HE + OFZ) pigs received a single oral dose of 30 mg/kg OFZ. Farmers were trained in pig health, housing and feeding...
November 14, 2017: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138663/toluidine-blue-rapid-and-simple-malaria-parasite-screening-and-species-identification
#5
Rupali Awale, Ratnaprabha Maji, Parag Patil, Raghavendra Lingiah, Ashok Kumar Mukhopadhyay, Subhadra Sharma
Malaria, a febrile illness mostly confined to the tropical countries is transmitted by bite of infected female Anopheles mosquito. In 2015 alone, 88% of the malaria burden and 90% deaths due to malaria were confined to the African and Asian countries. Although number of tests are available for rapid diagnosis and screening for malaria, peripheral blood smear examination remains the gold standard. Leishman stain is recommended by WHO however herein we evaluate one of the alternative methods of staining which is simple and rapid...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137664/therapeutic-efficacy-of-artemether-lumefantrine-in-the-treatment-of-uncomplicated-plasmodium-falciparum-malaria-in-ethiopia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
REVIEW
Mohammed Biset Ayalew
BACKGROUND: As Ethiopia is one of the sub-Saharan countries with a great burden of malaria the effectiveness of first line anti-malarial drugs is the major concern. The aim of this study was to synthesize the available evidence on the efficacy of artemether-lumefantrine in the treatment of uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum malaria in Ethiopia. This was done by performing a meta-analysis of recent studies conducted in the country on this topic. METHODS: Studies published between January 2010 and January 2017 that reported on the efficacy of artemether-lumefantrine in the treatment of P...
November 15, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137627/prevalence-of-current-patterns-and-predictive-trends-of-multidrug-resistant-salmonella-typhi-in-sudan
#7
Ayman A Elshayeb, Abdelazim A Ahmed, Marmar A El Siddig, Adil A El Hussien
BACKGROUND: Enteric fever has persistence of great impact in Sudanese public health especially during rainy season when the causative agent Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi possesses pan endemic patterns in most regions of Sudan - Khartoum. OBJECTIVES: The present study aims to assess the recent state of antibiotics susceptibility of Salmonella Typhi with special concern to multidrug resistance strains and predict the emergence of new resistant patterns and outbreaks...
November 14, 2017: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136691/-tumors-of-lymphoid-and-hematopoietic-tissue-of-spleen-a-clinicopathologic-analysis-of-53-cases
#8
D B Chen, D H Shen, H Zhang, Y Wang, Q J Song, S M Yang, X Z Fang
Objective: To study the clinicopathologic features, diagnosis and differential diagnosis of the tumors of lymphoidand hematopoietic tissue of the spleen(TLTS). Methods: Fifty-three cases of TLTS were selected from the pathologic files from Peking University People's Hospital from April 2002 to April 2017. According to WHO classification of tumors of hematopoietic and lymphoid tissues (2008) and its updated classification (2016), the cases were studied by microscopy, immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization, combined with the bone marrow biopsy and clinical examination...
November 8, 2017: Zhonghua Bing Li Xue za Zhi Chinese Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136650/emerging-and-reemerging-arboviruses-a-new-threat-in-eastern-peru
#9
Carlos Alva-Urcia, Miguel Angel Aguilar-Luis, Carlos Palomares-Reyes, Wilmer Silva-Caso, Luis Suarez-Ognio, Pablo Weilg, Carlos Manrique, Fernando Vasquez-Achaya, Luis J Del Valle, Juana Del Valle-Mendoza
BACKGROUND: Arboviral diseases are one of the most common causes of acute febrile illness (AFI) and a significant health problem in South America. In Peru, laboratory etiologic identification of these infections occurs in less than 50% of cases, leading to underdiagnoses of important emerging arboviruses. AIM: To assess the prevalence of the Dengue (DENV), Oropouche (OROV), Chikungunya (CHIKV), Mayaro (MAYV) and Zika (ZIKV) viruses in patients with acute febrile illness from Puerto Maldonado (Peru)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133711/an-unusual-case-of-acute-encephalitic-syndrome-is-it-acute-measles-encephalitis-or-subacute-sclerosing-panencephalitis
#10
Ravindra K Garg, Hardeep S Malhotra, Imran Rizvi, Neeraj Kumar, Amita Jain
Subacute sclerosing panencephalitis is a late complication of measles infection and develops usually 6 to 15 years after the primary measles infection. Fulminant subacute sclerosing panencephalitis is an infrequently encountered form wherein the disease rapidly progresses to death. A six-year old male child presented with fever, abnormal movements of the left side of body followed by weakness of the left side of the body, and involuntary abnormal movements of right upper and lower limbs. On examination, he was drowsy and was unable to communicate...
November 2017: Neurology India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133009/periconceptional-maternal-fever-folic-acid-intake-and-the-risk-for-neural-tube-defects
#11
Stephen M Kerr, Samantha E Parker, Allen A Mitchell, Sarah C Tinker, Martha M Werler
PURPOSE: Previous studies have shown an association between maternal fever in early pregnancy and neural tube defects (NTDs) such as spina bifida. Periconceptional folic acid intake has been shown to reduce the risk of these outcomes. METHODS: Using data from the Slone Epidemiology Center Birth Defects Study (1998-2015), we examined the impact of folic acid on the relationship between maternal fever in the periconceptional period (28 days before and after the last menstrual period) and NTDs...
November 2, 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132996/q-vax-q-fever-vaccine-failures-victoria-australia-1994-2013
#12
Katherine A Bond, Lucinda J Franklin, Brett Sutton, Simon M Firestone
Q-Vax®, a whole cell formalin inactivated vaccine, is currently the only licensed Q fever vaccine for humans world-wide. Efficacy is high, although vaccine failures have been described for those vaccinated within the incubation of a naturally acquired infection. In Australia, it is widely used to prevent occupational acquisition of Q fever and is the mainstay for outbreak control. A retrospective review of all notified cases of acute Q fever to the Victorian department of health, 1993-2013, revealed 34 of 659 cases were previously vaccinated and 10 cases were positive on pre-vaccination screening, precluding vaccination...
November 10, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132962/autoinflammatory-phenotypes-in-aicardi-gouti%C3%A3-res-syndrome-with-interferon-upregulation-and-serological-autoimmune-features
#13
Yuji Sugawara, Kohsuke Imai, Ayako Kashimada, Kengo Moriyama, Shimpei Baba, Ryuta Nishikomori, Mizuho Motegi, Yasuo Takeuchi, Tomohiro Morio
In an Aicardi-Goutières syndrome patient, cimetidine successfully controlled periodic fever with improved serum autoimmune marker levels, suggesting the presence of crosstalk between autoinflammation and autoimmunity in type I interferonopathy.
November 10, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129948/health-externalities-of-india-s-expansion-of-coal-plants-evidence-from-a-national-panel-of-40-000-households
#14
Aashish Gupta, Dean Spears
Coal power generation is expanding rapidly in India and other developing countries. In addition to consequences for climate change, present-day health externalities may also substantially increase the social cost of coal. Health consequences of air pollution have proven important in studies of developed countries, but, despite clear importance, similarly well-identified estimates are less available for developing countries, and no estimates exist for the important case of coal in India. We exploit panel data on Indian households, matched to local changes in exposure to coal plants...
November 2017: Journal of Environmental Economics and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129352/pediatric-cardiovascular-morbidity-of-the-early-term-newborn
#15
Gil Gutvirtz, Tamar Wainstock, Eyal Sheiner, Daniella Landau, Asnat Walfisch
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether early term delivery (at 37(0/7)-38(6/7) weeks of gestation) is associated with long-term pediatric cardiovascular morbidity of the offspring. STUDY DESIGN: A population-based cohort analysis was performed including all term deliveries occurring between 1991 and 2014 at a single tertiary medical center. Gestational age at delivery was subdivided into early term (37(0/7)-38(6/7)), full term (39(0/7)-40(6/7)), late term (41(0/7)-41(6/7)) and post term (≥42(0/7)) delivery...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128384/adverse-effects-of-single-component-measles-vaccine-in-school-children
#16
Selam Tosun, Ali Ilgın Olut, Nermin Tansug
Measles is a highly contagious viral infection potentially with serious complications and the principal method of protection from the disease is vaccination. Measles vaccination resulted in a 79% drop in measles deaths between 2000 and 2015 worldwide. There has long been a debate about the necessity and benefit-loss ratio of routine MMR vaccination due to possible AE of MMR vaccine. Especially in developed countries which are thought to be free of measles there is an increasing tendency towards hesitation for vaccination though there have been continued outbreaks of measles in countries in which measles is considered to be eliminated...
November 8, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128378/ebola-virus-disease-report-from-the-task-force-on-tropical-diseases-by-the-world-federation-of-societies-of-intensive-and-critical-care-medicine
#17
REVIEW
Guy A Richards, Tim Baker, Pravin Amin
Ebola virus is a filovirus that can cause fatal hemorrhagic fever (HF) and five distinct species exist that vary in terms of geographical distribution and virulence. Once the more virulent forms enter the human population, transmission occurs primarily through direct contact with infected body fluids and may result in significant outbreaks. The devastating has been the recent West African outbreak. Clinically, signs and symptoms are similar to those of the other VHFs [4]. The incubation period is 2-21days, followed by fever, headache, myalgia, diarrhoea, vomiting and dehydration; thereafter, there may be recovery or deterioration with collapse, neurological manifestations and bleeding, that can lead to a fatal outcome...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125246/history-of-the-discovery-of-the-mode-of-transmission-of-yellow-fever-virus
#18
Alan N Clements, Ralph E Harbach
This essay documents and examines the historical circumstances and events surrounding the discovery of the mode of transmission of yellow fever virus in Cuba. Close scrutiny of the articles published by Walter Reed and his colleagues in 1900, 1901 and 1902 reveals their limitations as historic documents. Fortunately, other sources of information from that period survive in letters and documents written by individuals involved in the quest for the mode of transmission. Examination and comparison of those sources of information unveiled a fascinating story which reveals that misunderstandings engendered by published articles accorded merit where it was not fully due...
December 2017: Journal of Vector Ecology: Journal of the Society for Vector Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124560/maintenance-treatment-using-the-purine-synthesis-inhibitor-mizoribine-in-a-patient-with-relapsing-thrombotic-thrombocytopenic-purpura
#19
Tetsuya Kawamura, Joichi Usui, Kei Nagai, Kentaro Sakai, Itaru Ebihara, Kunihiro Yamagata
Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) is a rare but life-threatening disease. Although plasma exchange (PE) therapy and corticosteroids are standard remission induction and maintenance therapies, some patients are easily refractory and frequently relapse under treatment with this therapy, and require additional treatment. However, there are limited data about additional treatment interventions. We report a case of 56-year-old man who was hospitalized for fever, general fatigue and hemoglobinuria. Owing to the symptoms and the laboratory findings of hemolysis, he was diagnosed with TTP...
November 9, 2017: CEN Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124249/relating-coccidioidomycosis-valley-fever-incidence-to-soil-moisture-conditions
#20
E J Coopersmith, J E Bell, K Benedict, J Shriber, O McCotter, M H Cosh
Coccidioidomycosis (also called Valley fever) is caused by a soilborne fungus, Coccidioides spp., in arid regions of the southwestern United States. Though some who develop infections from this fungus remain asymptomatic, others develop respiratory disease as a consequence. Less commonly, severe illness and death can occur when the infection spreads to other regions of the body. Previous analyses have attempted to connect the incidence of coccidioidomycosis to broadly available climatic measurements, such as precipitation or temperature...
April 17, 2017: Geohealth
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