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venous thrombosis and pregnancy

Toshiyuki Miyata, Keiko Maruyama, Fumiaki Banno, Reiko Neki
In recent years, genetic analyses of congenital deficiencies of three anticoagulant proteins, antithrombin, protein C (PC) and protein S (PS), in East Asian patients with venous thromboembolism (VTE) have greatly increased. The PS-K196E mutation is often identified in the Japanese population with an allelic frequency of 0.86 %, and a total of approximately 10,000 Japanese are estimated to be homozygotes. The heterozygotes show PS anticoagulant activities ranging from 40 to 110 %, and 16 % lower mean anticoagulant activity than that in wild-type individuals...
2016: Thrombosis Journal
Marta Crous-Bou, Laura B Harrington, Christopher Kabrhel
Venous thromboembolism (VTE) includes deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism, and a combination of environmental and genetic risk factors contributes to VTE risk. Within environmental risk factors, some are provoking (e.g., cancer, surgery, trauma or fracture, immobilization, pregnancy and the postpartum period, long-distance travel, hospitalization, catheterization, and acute infection) and others are nonprovoking (e.g., age, sex, race/ethnicity, body mass index and obesity, oral contraceptive or hormone therapy use, corticosteroid use, statin use, diet, physical activity, sedentary time, and air pollution)...
October 20, 2016: Seminars in Thrombosis and Hemostasis
Y Zuo, R Willis, E Papalardo, M Petri, E N Harris, A Schleh, K DeCeulaer, M Smikle, L M Vilá, J D Reveille, G S Alarcón, E B Gonzalez
BACKGROUND: While essential for the classification of antiphospholipid syndrome (APS), anticardiolipin (aCL) assays lack specificity and anti-β2glycoproteinI (anti-β2GPI) assays lack sensitivity in this regard. Our aim was to perform a comparative analysis of the APhL ELISA assay (IgG/IgM) and criteria antiphospholipid (aPL) immunoassays in identifying APS-related clinical manifestations in a large group of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). METHODS: Serum samples from 1178 patients from the Hopkins (n = 543), LUMINA (n = 588) and Jamaican SLE cohorts (n = 47) were examined for IgG/IgM positivity in aCL (in-house), anti-β2GPI (two commercial kits) and APhL (Louisville APL) ELISA assays...
October 16, 2016: Lupus
Ava L Liberman, Hooman Kamel, Michael T Mullen, Steven R Messé
BACKGROUND: Cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) is a relatively rare and understudied disease. We sought to determine the accuracy of International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision (ICD-9) diagnosis codes to identify CVT. METHODS: Retrospective chart review using the electronic medical record (EMR) to identify all patients discharged with CVT following admission or emergency department visit from May 1, 2010 to May 1, 2015 at our center. RESULTS: We identified 111 patients with an ICD-9 discharge diagnosis code of 325...
October 2016: Neurohospitalist
Regine Sitruk-Ware
The safety of combined hormonal contraceptives (CHCs) has been documented by years of follow-up, and the occurrence of venous thromboembolism (VTE) possibly related to their use is rare in the young population exposed to these agents. The balance between the benefits and risks of contraceptive steroids is generally positive, in particular when compared with pregnancy's risks. Epidemiological studies led to different results showing either no difference in VTE risk between CHCs (active surveillance prospective studies) or an increase in risk (observational or database studies)...
September 24, 2016: Fertility and Sterility
D Xu, S P Cai, J W Xu, C Liang, J He
Objective: To explore the dynamic changes of D-dimers during pregnancy and early puerperium(within 3 days postpartum). Methods: A retrospective study was performed among 8 367 healthy women who had term singleton delivery in Women's Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University from January 2007 to December 2014. D-dimers concentrations during pregnancy and early puerprium of all the cases were collected. Data of 21 065 D-dimers tests were assigned to 5 groups according to the time of sampling, including early pregnancy(≤12 gestation weeks), middle pregnancy(12-28 gestation weeks), late pregnancy(>28 gestation weeks), 1 postpartum(within 48 hours postpartum)and 2 postpartum(48- 72 hours postpartum)...
September 25, 2016: Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke za Zhi
A Casini, P de Moerloose
INTRODUCTION: No evidence-based guidelines for the management of patients suffering from afibrinogenaemia and hypofibrinogenaemia are available. AIM AND METHOD: The aim of this study was to harmonize patient's care among invited haemophilia experts from Belgium, France and Switzerland. A Delphi-like methodology was used to reach a consensus on: prophylaxis, bleeding, surgery, pregnancy and thrombosis management. RESULTS: The main final statements are as follows: (i) a secondary fibrinogen prophylaxis should be started after a first life-threatening bleeding in patients with afibrinogenaemia; (ii) during prophylaxis the target trough fibrinogen level should be 0...
September 19, 2016: Haemophilia: the Official Journal of the World Federation of Hemophilia
Philip Dueppers, Klaus Grabitz, You Li, Hubert Schelzig, Markus Udo Wagenhäuser, Mansur Duran
BACKGROUND: The risk of deep venous thrombosis is elevated during pregnancy and the puerperium. Therapy is usually limited to conservative measures as invasive thrombus removal is feared because of possible complications. However, leg- or life-threatening situations require fast thrombus removal, and the long-term rate of post-thrombotic syndrome (PTS) may be reduced by venous recanalization. Our center's experience may give support to surgical venous thrombectomy (VT). METHODS: Between 1996 and 2016, all women who received VT for pregnancy-related deep venous thrombosis in our department were included...
October 2016: Journal of Vascular Surgery. Venous and Lymphatic Disorders
Min-Kai Wu, Xiao-Yun Luo, Fu-Xian Zhang
BACKGROUND: Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) may be associated with iliac vein compression. Up to now, the majority of data has come from a retrospective study about the correlation between DVT and iliac vein compression. This prospective study was to determine the incidence of DVT in individuals with iliac vein compression and identify risk factors predictive of DVT. METHODS: A total of 500 volunteers without symptoms of venous diseases of lower extremities and overt risk factors of deep venous thrombosis between October 2011 and September 2012 in Shijitan Hospital were enrolled in this cohort study...
2016: Chinese Medical Journal
I Martinelli, S M Passamonti, A Maino, M Abbattista, P Bucciarelli, E Somigliana, A Artoni, F Gianniello, F Peyvandi
: Essentials Little is known about recurrences and pregnancy outcome after cerebral vein thrombosis (CVT). We studied a cohort of pregnant women with CVT. Women with CVT appear at increased risk of late obstetrical complications despite prophylaxis. Risks of recurrent thrombosis and bleeding in women on heparin prophylaxis while pregnant are low. SUMMARY: Background The risk of recurrent thrombosis and bleeding episodes in women with previous cerebral vein thrombosis (CVT) on antithrombotic prophylaxis with low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) during pregnancy is not established and little information is available on pregnancy outcome...
September 6, 2016: Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis: JTH
Samia Ben Sassi, Nahla Touati, Hela Baccouche, Cyrine Drissi, Neila Ben Romdhane, Fayçal Hentati
OBJECTIVE: Data regarding cerebral venous thrombosis in North Africa are scarce. This study aims to identify the clinical features, risk factors, outcome, and prognosis of cerebral venous thrombosis in Tunisia. METHODS: Data of 160 patients with radiologically confirmed cerebral venous thrombosis, hospitalized in Mongi Ben Hmida National Institute of Neurology (Tunis, Tunisia), were retrospectively collected and analyzed. RESULTS: The mean age was 37...
August 31, 2016: Clinical and Applied Thrombosis/hemostasis
Stephan G Dixon, Carl T Bruce, Charles J Glueck, Robert A Sisk, Robert K Hutchins, Vybhav Jetty, Ping Wang
AIM: Our specific aim was to document the pathoetiologic importance of thrombophilia among females presenting with severe ischemic retinal vein (RVO) or retinal artery (RAO) occlusion, without typical risk factors, and to emphasize that the ophthalmologists' diagnosis of thrombophilia has important diagnostic and therapeutic downstream ramifications for nonocular thrombosis, including reproductive outcomes. METHODS: We evaluated familial and acquired thrombophilia in 60 females with RVO (central RVO, n=52; branch RVO, n=8) and 16 with RAO (central RAO, n=11; branch RAO, n=5)...
2016: Clinical Ophthalmology
Borja Gracia-Tello, David Isenberg
APS is an autoimmune disease defined by the presence of arterial or venous thrombotic events and/or pregnancy morbidity in patients who test positive for aPL. APS can be isolated (primary APS) or associated with other autoimmune diseases. The kidney is a major target organ in APS, and renal thrombosis can occur at any level within the vasculature of the kidney (renal arteries, intrarenal vasculature and renal veins). Histological findings vary widely, including ischaemic glomeruli and thrombotic lesions without glomerular or arterial immune deposits on immunofluorescence...
August 21, 2016: Rheumatology
Venkatesh Thammishetti, Subrahmanyam Dharanipragada, Debdatta Basu, Ramesh Ananthakrishnan, Deepanjali Surendiran
INTRODUCTION: Cerebral Venous Thrombosis (CVT) is a well known disease with diverse clinical presentation and causes. With advances in neuroimaging and changing lifestyles, the clinical profile and causes of CVT are changing. D-dimer has been studied in early diagnosis of CVT with variable results. This prospective study was carried out to assess the clinical profile of CVT and role of D-dimer in diagnosis of CVT. AIM: To study various aspects of CVT and role of D-dimer...
June 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Netanel A Horowitz, Noa Lavi, Yona Nadir, Benjamin Brenner
With increase of maternal age, the incidence of haematological malignancies during pregnancy is rising and posing diagnostic and treatment challenges. Lymphoma is the fourth most common malignancy diagnosed in pregnancy; Hodgkin lymphoma is more frequent in pregnant women than non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL). The proportion of highly aggressive lymphomas in pregnant women is significantly higher than in non-pregnant women of reproductive age. Reproductive organ involvement is observed in almost half of pregnant women with NHL...
September 27, 2016: Thrombosis and Haemostasis
Lara Lehtoranta, Olli Vuolteenaho, Jukka Laine, Lauri Polari, Eeva Ekholm, Juha Räsänen
INTRODUCTION: Human type 1 diabetic pregnancy is associated with placental structural and hemodynamic abnormalities. We hypothesized that in rat fetuses of hyperglycemic dams, placental and fetal blood flow velocity waveforms demonstrate compromised hemodynamics when compared to control fetuses, and these hemodynamic parameters correlate with placental structural abnormalities at near term gestation. METHODS: Streptozotocin-induced maternal hyperglycemia group comprised 10 dams with 107 fetuses and the control group 20 dams with 219 fetuses...
August 2016: Placenta
Savino Sciascia, Simone Baldovino, Karen Schreiber, Laura Solfietti, Massimo Radin, Maria J Cuadrado, Elisa Menegatti, Doruk Erkan, Dario Roccatello
Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is an autoimmune condition characterized by the presence of antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL) in subjects presenting with thrombosis and/or pregnancy loss. The currently used classification criteria were updated in the international consensus held in Sidney in 2005. Vascular events seem to result of local procoagulative alterations upon triggers influence (the so called "second-hit theory"), while placental thrombosis and complement activation seem to lead to pregnancy morbidity...
2016: Clinical and Molecular Allergy: CMA
M Khamashta, M Taraborelli, S Sciascia, A Tincani
Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is an autoimmune condition characterized by the occurrence of thrombosis (arterial and/or venous), often multiple, and/or pregnancy morbidity. Thrombosis is one of the major disease mechanisms, mainly caused by activating endothelial cells, monocytes, and platelets. At present, the management of APS patients with a history of thrombosis is based on long-term antithrombotic therapy, due to the high rate of recurrent thrombosis (29% per year without treatment). Obstetrical APS includes heterogeneous pregnancy complications whose pathogenesis has been increasingly elucidated in the past years...
February 2016: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Rheumatology
M Blondon, L B Harrington, F Boehlen, H Robert-Ebadi, M Righini, N L Smith
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the risk of postpartum venous thromboembolism (VTE) associated with body-mass-index (BMI) in both pre-pregnancy and at delivery, and with gestational weight gain (GWG). METHODS: In a population-based, case-control study, we identified all women in Washington State with ICD-9 codes for VTE in the postpartum period between 2003 and 2011. Controls were women without VTE in the postpartum period, matched by delivery year to cases. Pre-pregnancy BMI, delivery BMI, and covariates were abstracted from birth certificates...
September 2016: Thrombosis Research
Nina Olausson, Fariborz Mobarrez, Håkan Wallen, Eli Westerlund, Outi Hovatta, Peter Henriksson
Cell-derived microparticles (MPs) are known to be elevated in a number of diseases related to arterial and venous thromboembolism (VTE), such as acute myocardial infarction, VTE (deep-vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism) and peripheral arterial disease. IVF-associated pregnancies have previously been shown to be associated with an increased incidence of VTE, mechanisms behind being unknown and sparsely studied. Our objective was to assess cell activation during IVF through analysis of MP levels and phenotype following ovarian stimulation...
August 30, 2016: Thrombosis and Haemostasis
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