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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165750/our-experience-in-the-management-of-csf-otorrhea-a-transmastoid-approach-with-middle-ear-cavity-obliteration-and-a-middle-cranial-fossa-approach
#1
Asli Cakir Cetin, Nuri Karabay, Enis Alpin Guneri
In this report, we present two cases of patients with cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) otorrhea who underwent surgical repair through either a transmastoid or middle cranial fossa approach. In our first case, a 34-year-old male after head trauma with conductive hearing loss and a House-Brackmann grade 2 facial palsy was found to have a soft tissue mass protruding through his right tympanic membrane. Radiological examination revealed a wide tegmen tympani defect. He underwent surgery via a transmastoid approach with repair of the defect and blind sac closure of the external auditory canal after middle ear cavity obliteration...
November 1, 2017: Turkish Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160441/psychosocial-hearing-disadvantage-and-associated-factors-among-construction-workers-in-mato-grosso-brazil
#2
Andréia Cristina Munzlinger Dos Santos, Ageo Mário Cândido da Silva, Gabriela Coelho Pereira de Luccia, Clóvis Botelho, Delma Regina Della Riva
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence and to analyze the factors associated with self-reported hearing handicap by construction workers in the state of Mato Grosso, Brazil. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 866 construction and heavy construction workers. Participants responded to an epidemiological survey subdivided in: identification data, sociodemographic data; lifestyle; work environment characteristics; occupational exposure factors; hearing protection measures; and hearing handicap inventory to quantify the psychosocial consequences of work-related hearing loss...
July 2017: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154248/the-late-results-of-4000-hz-frequency-bone-conduction-after-tympanoplasty
#3
Joanna Janiak-Kiszka, Wojciech Kaźmierczak
INTRODUCTION: Surgical treatment of conductive hearing loss runs the risk of damage to the inner ear in the mechanism of acoustic trauma. AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the function of the organ of Corti, expressed as bone conduction threshold at the frequency of 4000 Hz for selected operations: mastoidectomy and canal-wall-down procedure. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The material was collected from patients with chronic otitis media in the Department of Otolaryngology and ENT Oncology, Collegium Medicum of Nicolaus Copernicus University in Bydgoszcz in 2004-2009...
October 30, 2017: Otolaryngologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154247/diagnostic-evaluation-of-neck-torsion-test-in-objective-examination-in-patients-with-vertigo-and-or-hearing-impairment
#4
Piotr Niewiadomski, Marzena Bielińska, Piotr Pietkiewicz, Jurek Olszewski
INTRODUCTION: The aim of the study was to evaluate the neck torsion test in objective examinations of patients with vertigo and/or hearing loss. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was conducted in 100 patients, including 54 women and 46 men aged 17-79 years, who were divided into two groups: I - 50 patients, including 30 women and 20 men aged 17-79 years (mean age 49.92 years) with dizziness and/or hearing impairments, and confirmed asymmetry of intracranial vessels, II - 50 patients - the control group, including 24 women and 26 men aged 20-71 years without dizziness and/or hearing disorders and without disturbance in the construction of intracranial vessels...
October 30, 2017: Otolaryngologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153369/retrospective-comparison-of-three-dimensional-imaging-sequences-in-the-visualization-of-posterior-fossa-cranial-nerves
#5
Suna Ors, Ercan Inci, Rustu Turkay, Atilla Kokurcan, Elif Hocaoglu
PURPOSE: To compare efficancy of three-dimentional SPACE (sampling perfection with application-optimized contrasts using different flip-angle evolutions) and CISS (constructive interference in steady state) sequences in the imaging of the cisternal segments of cranial nerves V-XII. METHODS: Temporal MRI scans from 50 patients (F:M ratio, 27:23; mean age, 44.5±15.9 years) admitted to our hospital with vertigo, tinnitus, and hearing loss were retrospectively analyzed...
December 2017: European Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149379/efficacy-of-systemic-and-intratympanic-corticosteroid-combination-therapy-versus-intratympanic-or-systemic-therapy-in-patients-with-idiopathic-sudden-sensorineural-hearing-loss-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Mohammadtaghi Khorsandi Ashtiani, Farzad Firouzi, Shahin Bastaninejad, Sasan Dabiri, Sevil Nasirmohtaram, Niloufar Saeedi, Hossein Ghazavi, Leyla Sahebi
OBJECTIVE: The present study was conducted to compare the rates of recovery from idiopathic sudden deafness after the treatment with oral and intratympanic corticosteroids in both mono and combination therapies. STUDY DESIGN: Triple-blind randomized clinical trial. SETTINGS: Tertiary referral hospital. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A total of 112 patients who were admitted to the ENT emergency department randomly divided into three groups: an oral corticosteroid plus intratympanic placebo (systemic corticosteroid monotherapy group); an intratympanic corticosteroid plus oral placebo group (IT monotherapy group); and a combination therapy group (IT plus systemic combination group)...
November 17, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148198/ear-nose-and-throat-surgery-all-you-need-to-know-about-the-surgical-approach-to-the-management-of-middle-ear-effusions-in-australian-indigenous-and-non-indigenous-children
#7
REVIEW
Kelvin Kong, Francis J Lannigan, Peter S Morris, Amanda J Leach, Stephen J O'Leary
Otitis media (OM) is a common condition in Australia. It represents a spectrum of diseases from otitis media with effusion (OME) to chronic suppurative otitis media. For all the OM diagnoses, Australian Indigenous children have higher rates of early onset, severe and persistent disease. OME is the most common form of OM and often occurs after an upper respiratory tract infection. It can be difficult to diagnose (and often goes unrecognised). Hearing loss is the most important complication. The middle-ear effusion impedes the movement of the tympanic membrane and causes a conductive hearing loss of around 25 dB...
November 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141878/lack-of-behavioural-responses-of-humpback-whales-megaptera-novaeangliae-indicate-limited-effectiveness-of-sonar-mitigation
#8
Paul J Wensveen, Petter H Kvadsheim, Frans-Peter A Lam, Alexander M von Benda-Beckmann, Lise D Sivle, Fleur Visser, Charlotte Curé, Peter L Tyack, Patrick J O Miller
Exposure to underwater sound can cause permanent hearing loss and other physiological effects in marine animals. To reduce this risk, naval sonars are sometimes gradually increased in intensity at the start of transmission ('ramp-up'). Here, we conducted experiments in which tagged humpback whales were approached with a ship to test whether a sonar operation preceded by ramp-up reduced three risk indicators - maximum sound pressure level (SPLmax), cumulative sound exposure level (SELcum) and minimum source-whale range (Rmin) - compared with a sonar operation not preceded by ramp-up...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140768/public-health-burden-of-hearing-impairment-and-the-promise-of-genomics-and-environmental-research-a-case-study-in-ghana-africa
#9
Samuel Mawuli Adadey, Gordon Awandare, Goffrey Kwabla Amedofu, Ambroise Wonkam
Hearing impairment (HI) is one of the most disabling conditions of major global health burden that contributes adversely to the social and economic development of a country, if not managed properly. A proper assessment of the nationwide burden and etiology of HI is instrumental in the prevention, treatment, and management of the condition. This article sought to perform an expert review of HI in Ghana to determine the present knowledge of its burden and possible causes of the condition. A literature search was conducted in PubMed using the following keywords: "hearing loss" OR "hearing impairment" OR "deafness" AND "Ghana...
November 2017: Omics: a Journal of Integrative Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138586/association-between-metabolic-syndrome-and-sensorineural-hearing-loss-a-cross-sectional-study-of-11-114-participants
#10
Javad Aghazadeh-Attari, Behnam Mansorian, Mohammad Mirza-Aghazadeh-Attari, Jamal Ahmadzadeh, Iraj Mohebbi
Background/objectives: Hearing loss (HL) is associated with certain diseases and affects health, resulting in a low quality of life. Some components of the metabolic syndrome (MetS) coincide with the risk factors for sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL). To date, very few studies have examined the link between MetS and HL. The aim of the current study was to try to understand the potential association between MetS and HL. Methods: Using Iranian health surveys of professional drivers, we enrolled 11,114 individuals aged 20-60 years, whose main job is to operate a motor vehicle...
2017: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135403/a-case-of-relapsing-polychondritis-mimicking-lung-cancer
#11
Fatma Canbay, Aydın Yılmaz, Ayperi Öztürk, Zafer Aktaş, Ebru Tatcı
Relapsing polychondritis (RP) is a rare autoimmune disease, characterized by episodic inflammatory attacks on cartilaginous tissue. Elastic cartilage of the ears and nose, hyaline cartilage of the peripheral joints, vertebral fibrocartilage, tracheobronchial cartilage, and tissues rich in proteoglycan such as those in the eyes, heart, blood vessels, and inner ear are more likely to be affected. A 35-year-old male presented with complaints of hoarseness, tinnitus and dyspnea for 19 years, with a history of several diagnostic and therapeutic interventions for laryngeal and respiratory tract...
September 2017: Tüberküloz Ve Toraks
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132260/the-psychological-and-social-consequences-of-single-sided-deafness-in-adulthood
#12
Laura Lucas, Roulla Katiri, Pádraig Thomas Kitterick
OBJECTIVES: This study examined the subjective psychological and social effects of highly asymmetric hearing loss (single-sided deafness [SSD]) in adults. DESIGN: Three group interviews were conducted using the critical incident technique and analysed using an inductive thematic analysis. STUDY SAMPLE: Eight adults with a clinical diagnosis of a moderately severe hearing loss or greater in one ear and normal or near-normal hearing in the other ear...
November 13, 2017: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132188/-hearing-loss-and-speech-recognition-in-the-elderly
#13
Petra von Gablenz, Inga Holube
Elderly people often complain about poor speech understanding in noisy environments. In clinical practice, speech tests under noise conditions are used to examine hearing ability. The HÖRSTAT study, conducted on a population-based random sample consisting of 1903 adults, used the Goettingen Sentence Test (GÖSA) under noise conditions along with pure-tone audiometry. Hearing impairment was defined as pure-tone average at 0.5, 1, 2 and 4 kHz (PTA-4) greater than 25 dB HL in the better ear (WHO criterion). As expected, pure-tone thresholds and speech recognition thresholds (SRT) in GÖSA worsened steadily with age...
November 2017: Laryngo- Rhino- Otologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130440/development-and-pilot-evaluation-of-a-novel-theory-based-intervention-to-encourage-help-seeking-for-adult-hearing-loss
#14
Gabrielle H Saunders, Melissa T Frederick, ShienPei C Silverman, Claus Nielsen, Ariane Laplante-Lévesque
BACKGROUND: Health behavior theories can provide an understanding of hearing health behaviors and, more importantly, can be used to develop theoretically based strategies to change these health behaviors. PURPOSE: To develop a theory-based brief intervention to increase help-seeking for adult hearing loss and to conduct a pilot study to evaluate its feasibility, effectiveness, and impact on hearing beliefs and behaviors. RESEARCH DESIGN: An intervention was designed that could be easily administered by a health-care provider who does not have expertise in audiology-such as a primary care physician, community nurse, or social worker...
November 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130359/necessity-of-admission-to-improve-the-hearing-recovery-rate-in-idiopathic-sudden-sensorineural-hearing-loss
#15
Min Jae Kim, Kyung Wook Heo, Pil Hyun Jeon, Jae Jun Lee, Jun Ho Lee
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determine the prognostic potential of admission of a patient for idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss (ISSNHL). STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective clinical study. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study of 301 patients with ISSNHL. The patients were divided into a study (57 patients at out-patients department (OPD) based treatment, using systemic steroids and intra-tympanic (IT) steroid injection) and a control groups (301 patients at admission, using systemic steroids and IT steroid injection)...
November 13, 2017: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121385/a-controlled-comparison-of-auditory-steady-state-responses-and-pure-tone-audiometry-in-patients-with-hearing-loss
#16
Raman Wadhera, Sharad Hernot, Sat Paul Gulati, Vijay Kalra
We performed a prospective interventional study to evaluate correlations between hearing thresholds determined by pure-tone audiometry (PTA) and auditory steady-state response (ASSR) testing in two types of patients with hearing loss and a control group of persons with normal hearing. The study was conducted on 240 ears-80 ears with conductive hearing loss, 80 ears with sensorineural hearing loss, and 80 normal-hearing ears. We found that mean threshold differences between PTA results and ASSR testing at different frequencies did not exceed 15 dB in any group...
October 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112533/abo-blood-group-and-cochlear-status-otoacoustic-emission-markers
#17
Welen Weilu Chen, Kin Tsun Chow, Bradley McPherson
OBJECTIVES: There are an increasing number of research studies examining the effects of ABO blood group on susceptibility to disease. However, little is known regarding the potential relationship between blood group and hearing. Higher risk of noise-induced hearing loss was linked to blood group O in several occupational health studies. Based on this finding, a recent study of cochlear status was conducted with normal-hearing female participants representing equal numbers of the four blood groups in the ABO blood group system...
November 4, 2017: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109839/hearing-and-mortality-outcomes-following-temporal-bone-fractures
#18
Adam Honeybrook, Aniruddha Patki, Nikita Chapurin, Charles Woodard
The aim of this article is to determine hearing and mortality outcomes following temporal bone fractures. Retrospective chart review was performed of 152 patients diagnosed with a temporal bone fracture presenting to the emergency room at a tertiary care referral center over a 10-year period. Utilizing Patients' previously obtained temporal bone computed tomographic scans and audiograms, fractures were classified based on several classification schemes. Correlations between fracture patterns, mortality, and hearing outcomes were analyzed using χ(2) tests...
December 2017: Craniomaxillofacial Trauma & Reconstruction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106870/pediatric-tympanic-membrane-cholesteatoma-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
REVIEW
Harry H Ching, Alycia G Spinner, Matthew Ng
INTRODUCTION: Tympanic membrane cholesteatoma (TMC) is a rare anomaly found in pediatric patients with no significant otologic history. Its pathogenesis appears distinct from congenital mesotympanic cholesteatoma. This systematic review and meta-analysis evaluates the management of TMC. METHODS: Two authors independently conducted a systematic review using the PubMed-NCBI, Cochrane Library, and Web of Science databases. Studies describing cases of pediatric TMC were included...
November 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099816/is-betahistine-effective-for-m%C3%A3-ni%C3%A3-re%C3%A2-s-disease
#20
Andrés Rosenbaum, Matías Winter
PROBLEM: Meniere’s disease is an inner ear disorder characterized by episodes of spontaneous vertigo, fluctuating hearing loss and tinnitus. Betahistine has been used to reduce intensity and frecuency of vertigo attacks, but there is controversy regarding its effectiveness. METHODS: To answer this question we used Epistemonikos, the largest database of systematic reviews in health, which is maintained by screening multiple information sources, including MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane, among others...
October 31, 2017: Medwave
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