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conductive hearing loss

Jo Durham, Lisa Schubert, Lisa Vaughan, Cameron D Willis
BACKGROUND: Middle ear disease (otitis media) is endemic among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children in Australia and represents an important cause of hearing loss. The disease is the result of a mix of biological, environmental and host risk factors that interact in complex, non-linear ways along a dynamic continuum. As such, it is generally recognised that a holistic, systems approach is required to reverse the high rates of otitis media in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children...
2018: PloS One
Ivo J Kruyt, Rik C Nelissen, Emmanuel A M Mylanus, Myrthe K S Hol
OBJECTIVE: To compare 3-year implant stability, survival, and tolerability of a 4.5-mm-wide (test) and a 3.75-mm-wide (control) percutaneous titanium implant for bone-conduction hearing, loaded with the sound processor after 3 weeks. METHODS: Sixty implants were allocated in a 2:1 ratio (test-control) in 57 adult patients included in this prospective randomized controlled clinical trial. Follow-up visits were performed at 7, 14, 21, and 28 days; 6 and 12 weeks; 6 months; and at 1, 2, and 3 years after implantation...
March 20, 2018: Otology & Neurotology
Luis Lassaletta, Isabel Sánchez-Cuadrado, Juan Manuel Espinosa, Ángel Batuecas, Carlos Cenjor, María José Lavilla, Laura Cavallé, Alicia Huarte, Faustino Nuñez, Manuel Manrique, Ángel Ramos, Carlos de Paula, Elisa Gil-Carcedo
Active middle ear implants are surgically implanted prosthesis, which intend to stimulate the ossicular chain or the inner ear fluids through the oval or round windows. These implants may be useful for the treatment of certain patients with sensorineural hearing loss as well as for conductive or mixed hearing loss. This clinical guide attempts to summarize the current knowledge concerning the basic characteristics and indications of the most commonly used middle ear implants, including Vibrant Soundbrige (Med-el, Innsbruck), Carina (Cochlear, Australia), and CodacsTM ...
March 16, 2018: Acta Otorrinolaringológica Española
Sho Kurihara, Masato Fujioka, Tomohiko Yoshida, Makoto Koizumi, Kaoru Ogawa, Hiromi Kojima, Hirotaka James Okano
Hearing research has long been facilitated by rodent models, although in some diseases, human symptoms cannot be recapitulated. The common marmoset (Callithrix jacchus) is a small, easy-to-handle New World monkey which has a similar anatomy of the temporal bone, including the middle ear ossicular chains and inner ear to humans, than in comparison with that of rodents. Here, we report a reproducible, safe, and rational surgical approach to the cochlear round window niche for the drug delivery to the inner ear of the common marmoset...
February 27, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
E Verheij, L Elden, T B Crowley, F A Pameijer, E H Zackai, D M McDonald-McGinn, H G X M Thomeer
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The 22q11.2 deletion syndrome is characterized by a heterogenic phenotype, including hearing loss. The underlying cause of hearing loss, especially sensorineural hearing loss, is not yet clear. Therefore, our objective was to describe anatomic malformations in the middle and inner ear in patients with 22q11.2 deletion syndrome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective case series was conducted in 2 tertiary referral centers. All patients with 22q11...
March 15, 2018: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
Hiske W Helleman, Hilde Eising, Jacqueline Limpens, Wouter A Dreschler
Objectives The objective of this systematic review was to compare otoacoustic emissions (OAE) with audiometry in their effectiveness to monitor effects of long-term noise exposure on hearing. Methods We conducted a systematic search of MEDLINE, Embase and the non-MEDLINE subset of PubMed up to March 2016 to identify longitudinal studies on effects of noise exposure on hearing as determined by both audiometry and OAE. Results This review comprised 13 articles, with 30-350 subjects in the longitudinal analysis...
March 15, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Bushra Akram, Juwairya Nawaz, Zeeshan Rafi, Abrar Akram
OBJECTIVE: To investigate social exclusion, mental health and demographic characteristics as risk and protective factors of suicidal ideation among adults with hearing loss. . METHODS: This analytical, cross-sectional study was conducted in Lahore, Pakistan, from June 2016 to January 2017, and comprised people with hearing loss. Multistage proportionate stratified sampling procedure was used. Mental Health Inventory, Social Exclusion Scale and Suicidal Ideation Attributes Scale were administered to the participants...
March 2018: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Shahaf Shilo, Sara Abu-Ghanem, Moshe Yehuda, Anat Weinger, Dan M Fliss, Avraham Abergel
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between isolated serous otitis media (SOM) and/or conductive hearing loss (CHL) and nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) in a low-to-intermediate endemic area. METHODS: Medical records of all adult patients (≥17 years) with SOM/CHL who underwent endoscopic-guided nasopharyngeal biopsy to exclude NPC during a 10-year period were reviewed. Statistical analyses were conducted to identify significant predictors for NPC...
March 14, 2018: Head & Neck
Yolanda K Mueller, Stefanie Monod, Isabella Locatelli, Christophe Büla, Jacques Cornuz, Nicolas Senn
BACKGROUND: Geriatric syndromes are rarely detected in family medicine. Within the AGE program (active geriatric evaluation), a brief assessment tool (BAT) designed for family physicians (FP) was developed and its diagnostic performance estimated by comparison to a comprehensive geriatric assessment. METHODS: This prospective diagnostic study was conducted in four primary care sites in Switzerland. Participants were aged at least 70 years and attending a routine appointment with their physician, without previous documented geriatric assessment...
March 13, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
Patrick S C D'Haese, Marc De Bodt, Vincent Van Rompaey, Paul Van de Heyning
The objectives of this study were to assess the factors which contribute to individuals' health motivation to address hearing loss and to gather baseline data that could then be used to measure the impact of an awareness campaign. An online questionnaire with 13 closed set questions was completed by 100 subjects in each country including Austria, Germany, France, Sweden, and the United Kingdom. The questionnaire was based around the Health Belief Model, which describes how, in order to take action to address a medical problem, the individual must perceive that the condition presents a threat to their well-being that exceeds any barriers to treatment...
January 2018: Inquiry: a Journal of Medical Care Organization, Provision and Financing
José Ferreira Penêda, Nuno Barros Lima, Francisco Monteiro, Joana Vilela Silva, Rita Gama, Artur Condé
INTRODUCTION: Immune Mediated Inner Ear Disease (IMIED) is a rare form of sensorineural bilateral hearing loss, usually progressing in weeks to months and responsive to immunosuppressive treatment. Despite recent advances, there is no consensus on diagnosis and optimal treatment. METHODS: A review of articles on IMIED from the last 10 years was conducted using PubMed® database. RESULTS: IMIED is a rare disease, mostly affecting middle aged women...
March 7, 2018: Acta Otorrinolaringológica Española
Teresa Matthews-Brzozowska, Dorota Hojan-Jezierska, Wawrzyniec Loba, Marta Worona, Artur Matthews-Brzozowski
A review of numerous case reports was made, in order to demonstrate the possibilities for treatment of dental disorders in patients with Cleidocranial dysplasia (CCD). In this paper, our own report, including a diagnosis of the effect on the auditory system, is presented. In addition to the triad of CCD symptoms that include hypoplastic or aplastic clavicles, impacted and supernumerary teeth, delayed closure of fontanelles and cranial sutures, impairment of the hearing system resulting in conductive hearing loss also occurs...
2018: Open Medicine (Warsaw, Poland)
Chelsea M Blankenship, Lisa L Hunter, Douglas H Keefe, M Patrick Feeney, David K Brown, Annie McCune, Denis F Fitzpatrick, Li Lin
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to analyze distortion product otoacoustic emission (DPOAE) level and signal to noise ratio in a group of infants from birth to 4 months of age to optimize prediction of hearing status. DPOAEs from infants with normal hearing (NH) and hearing loss (HL) were used to predict the presence of conductive HL (CHL), sensorineural HL (SNHL), and mixed HL (MHL). Wideband ambient absorbance was also measured and compared among the HL types. DESIGN: This is a prospective, longitudinal study of 279 infants with verified NH and HL, including conductive, sensorineural, and mixed types that were enrolled from a well-baby nursery and two neonatal intensive care units in Cincinnati, Ohio...
March 6, 2018: Ear and Hearing
Günay Kırkım, Başak Mutlu, Yüksel Olgun, Tural Tanriverdizade, Pembe Keskinoğlu, Enis Alpin Güneri, Gülden Akdal
Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate and compare the auditory findings in vestibular migraine (VM) and migraine patients without a history of vertigo. Methods: This study was conducted on 44 patients diagnosed with definite VM and 31 patients diagnosed with migraine who were followed and treated between January 2011 and February 2015. Also, 52 healthy subjects were included in this study as a control group. All participants underwent a detailed otorhinolaryngological examination followed by audiological evaluation, including pure tone audiometry, speech reception threshold, speech recognition score, and acoustic immitancemetry...
December 2017: Turkish Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
Kunihiko Hanew, Toshiaki Tanaka, Reiko Horikawa, Tomonobu Hasegawa, Susumu Yokoya
The reported prevalence of complications in Turner Syndrome (TS) was highly variable because of the rarity and the limited numbers analyzed. Again, possible presence of other complications that are not described as specific for TS, is also speculated. To resolve these issues, a questionnaire survey was conducted in hGH treated 492 patients with adult TS (17-42 years). The possible association with these complications and karyotypes were also analyzed. The complications and their prevalence were as follows: chronic thyroiditis (25...
March 7, 2018: Endocrine Journal
Ingrid Rafaella Dantas Dos Santos, Joseli Soares Brazorotto
In order to improve speech-language development in children with hearing impairment, in addition to speech-language therapy, the family should be the modifying agent for a satisfactory therapeutic response. Studies that analyze the effectiveness of speech-language pathology (SLP) intervention programs through video feedback are important, given the positive effects of this tool on the modification of behaviors with families of children with disabilities. Therefore, it is believed that video feedback interventions contribute improve the communicative interactions between the families and children assisted by auditory rehabilitation services...
March 5, 2018: CoDAS
Wei Liu, Patrick J Antonelli, Philipp Dahm, Tobias Gerhard, Joseph A C Delaney, Richard Segal, Stephen Crystal, Almut G Winterstein
PURPOSE: The objective of the study was to determine the risk of sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) associated with use of phosphodiesterase type 5 (PDE5) inhibitors. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study in the MarketScan Commercial Claims and Encounters Database including adult men who initiated a PDE5 inhibitor (n = 377,722) and 1,957,233 nonusers between 1998 and 2007. Periods of drug exposure were assessed on a weekly basis based on pharmacy billing records, assuming use of 1 dose per week (current use)...
March 7, 2018: Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety
Min Wu, Xianming Fu, Ying Ji, Wanhai Ding, Dali Deng, Yehan Wang, Xiaofeng Jiang, Chaoshi Niu
BACKGROUND: Microvascular decompression (MVD) of the trigeminal nerve is the most effective treatment for trigeminal neuralgia (TN). However, when encountering with classical trigeminal neuralgia caused by venous compression, the procedure becomes much more difficult, and failure or recurrence due to incomplete decompression may become frequent. This study aimed to investigate the anatomical variation of the culprit veins, and discuss the surgical strategy for different types respectively...
March 3, 2018: World Neurosurgery
Qingsong Liu, Guodong Feng, Yingying Shang, Cheng Chi, Yufei Qiao, Zhiqiang Gao
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to establish a reliable intraoperative auditory threshold monitoring system for ossiculoplasty surgery. DESIGN: The chirp signal of self-designed sound field earphone (SFE) was calibrated physically and psychophysically. The interaural attenuation of the SFE was tested in patients with unilateral complete deafness and contralateral normal hearing (10 patients). Self-designed SFEs were used to measure the chirp-evoked auditory steady-state responses (Chirp-ASSR) threshold of patients (14 cases and 15 ears) with conductive hearing loss after anesthesia but before surgery...
March 5, 2018: Acta Oto-laryngologica
Theresa Pitt-Byrne
OBJECTIVE: To analyse referral cohorts from School Entry Screening, Hearing (SHS) and Vision Screening (SVS) before and after documented changes. To compare referrals to pre-school specialists with subsequent group SHS outcomes. DESIGN: Randomized cohort, audit analysis of Community Nursing Developmental and SES records (CHRs), plus Audiology file review for SHS referrals. STUDY SAMPLE: Six hundred and sixty-eight mainstream pupils' CHRs were analysed in four birth cohorts, post-SES, using coded anonymized records...
March 5, 2018: International Journal of Audiology
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