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conductive hearing loss

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776326/validity-of-the-hum-test-a-simple-and-reliable-alternative-to-the-weber-test
#1
Omar H Ahmed, Sara C Gallant, Ryan Ruiz, Binhuan Wang, William H Shapiro, Erich P Voigt
OBJECTIVES: To compare the diagnostic performance of the Hum Test against the Weber Test using pure tone audiometry (PTA) as the "gold standard" comparator. METHODS: 29 participants with normal hearing of ages 18 to 35 without any history of hearing abnormalities or otologic conditions were enrolled. Subjects underwent three tests (Hum Test, Weber Test, and PTA) across two conditions: with an ear plug in one ear (side randomized) and without ear plugs...
June 2018: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771904/development-of-an-otitis-media-strategy-in-the-pacific-key-informant-perspectives
#2
Elizabeth Holt, Judith McCool, Vili Nosa, Peter Thorne
AIM: Ear and hearing health services are scarce within Pacific Island countries. Where available, they remain under-resourced, despite there being a high estimated prevalence of otitis media and otitis media-related hearing loss. This study examines the potential for improving ear and hearing health strategies by examining key factors, opportunities and challenges, working with Fiji as a case study. METHOD: A series of semi-structured interviews were conducted with professionals who had experience in otitis media programme implementation and/or professionals with working experience within the Pacific region and the Fiji health system...
May 18, 2018: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764789/eosinophilic-otitis-media-treated-with-anti-ige-monoclonal-antibodies-and-a-bone-conduction-implant
#3
Young Eun Han, Yong Seok Kang, Younhoon Cho, Moo Kyun Park
Eosinophilic otitis media (EOM) are intractable otitis media characterized by highly viscous secretions containing eosinophils in the middle ear. They are resistant to conventional medication and surgery. This condition occurs primarily in patients with bronchial asthma or allergic rhinitis and is often complicated by rhinosinusitis. Systemic and topical steroid therapies are effective treatments. However, long-term steroid therapy is often limited by a high risk of serious adverse effects. The use of topical steroids and otorrhea are bothersome when wearing hearing aids...
April 2018: Journal of International Advanced Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764328/community-based-hearing-screening-for-young-children-using-an-mhealth-service-delivery-model
#4
Shouneez Yousuf Hussein, De Wet Swanepoel, Faheema Mahomed, Leigh Biagio de Jager
BACKGROUND: Hearing loss is one of the most common developmental disorders identifiable at birth with its prevalence increasing throughout school years. However, early detection programs are mostly unavailable in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) where more than 80% of children with hearing loss reside. OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the feasibility of a smartphone-based hearing screening program for preschool children operated by community healthcare workers (CHWs) in community-based early childhood development (ECD) centers...
2018: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764239/horizontal-sound-localisation-accuracy-in-individuals-with-conductive-hearing-loss-effect-of-the-bone-conduction-implant
#5
Filip Asp, Sabine Reinfeldt
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to quantify the effect of the Bone Conduction Implant (BCI) on sound localisation accuracy in subjects with conductive hearing loss (CHL). DESIGN: The subjects were tested in a horizontal sound localisation task in which localisation responses were objectively obtained by eye-tracking, in a prospective, cross-sectional design. The tests were performed unaided and unilaterally aided. The stimulus used had a spectrum similar to female speech and was presented at 63 and 73 dB SPL...
May 15, 2018: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761140/hearing-impairment-among-children-referred-to-a-public-audiology-clinic-in-gaborone-botswana
#6
Francis M Banda, Kathleen M Powis, Agnes B Mokoka, Moalosi Mmapetla, Katherine D Westmoreland, Thuso David, Andrew P Steenhoff
Objective . To describe and quantify hearing impairment among children referred to the audiology clinic in Princess Marina Hospital, a public referral hospital in Botswana. Methods . In a retrospective case series, we reviewed medical records of children aged 10 years and younger whose hearing was assessed between January 2006 and December 2015 at the audiology clinic of Princess Marina Hospital in Gaborone, Botswana. Results . Of 622 children, 50% were male, and median age was 6.7 years (interquartile range = 5...
2018: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757919/prevalence-of-ototoxic-medication-use-among-older-adults-in-beaver-dam-wisconsin
#7
Yoonmee Joo, Karen J Cruickshanks, Barbara E K Klein, Ronald Klein, OiSaeng Hong, Margaret Wallhagen
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Drug-related ototoxicity may exacerbate presbycusis (age-related hearing loss); yet, few data are available on the prevalence of ototoxic medication use by older adults. The purposes of this study were to assess the impact of aging and ototoxicity on hearing loss, the prevalence of ototoxic medication use, and select characteristics associated with ototoxic medication use among older adults. METHODS: Cross-sectional analyses were conducted using select variables extracted from the baseline and 10-year follow-up assessments of the two population-based epidemiological studies to compare two points in time...
January 2018: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757402/adherence-to-healthful-dietary-patterns-is-associated-with-lower-risk-of-hearing-loss-in-women
#8
Sharon G Curhan, Molin Wang, Roland D Eavey, Meir J Stampfer, Gary C Curhan
Background: Specific nutrients have been associated with hearing status, but associations between healthful dietary patterns and risk of hearing loss have not been prospectively evaluated. Objective: We sought to prospectively examine the relations between adherence to the Alternate Mediterranean diet (AMED), the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH), and the Alternative Healthy Eating Index-2010 (AHEI-2010), and risk of hearing loss. Methods: We conducted a longitudinal cohort study (1991-2013) of 81,818 women in the Nurses' Health Study II, aged 27-44 y at baseline...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753496/an-evidence-based-protocol-for-managing-neonatal-middle-ear-effusions-in-babies-who-fail-newborn-hearing-screening
#9
Brittany C Weber, Scott M Whitlock, Kaidi He, Blake S Kimbrell, Craig S Derkay
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the prevalence of middle ear disease in infants referred for failed newborn hearing screening (NBHS) and to review patient outcomes after intervention in order to propose an evidence-based protocol for management of newborns with otitis media with effusion (OME) who fail NBHS. METHODS: 85 infants with suspected middle ear pathology were retrospectively reviewed after referral for failed NBHS. All subjects underwent a diagnostic microscopic exam with myringotomy with or without placement of a ventilation tube in the presence of a middle ear effusion and had intra-operative auditory brainstem response (ABR) testing or testing at a later date...
April 12, 2018: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753452/exploring-the-acceptability-of-using-low-friction-bedding-for-patients-with-burns-qualitative-results-from-the-silkie-study
#10
K Whale, J C Ingram, S George, F Spickett-Jones, A Sack, A E Young
BACKGROUND: Skin grafts following deep burns are needed to ensure healing. Grafts that fail and require re-grafting cause significant distress to patients and additional costs for the NHS. Shearing, which leads to graft loss, may be reduced through the use of low-friction bedding. A feasibility study was conducted to assess proof of concept for the use of low-friction bedding for patients with burns. Patient, parent and staff views on the acceptability of this material were explored through semi-structured interviews...
May 9, 2018: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752989/a-novel-pathogenic-variant-in-the-marveld2-gene-causes-autosomal-recessive-non-syndromic-hearing-loss-in-an-iranian-family
#11
Afsaneh Taghipour-Sheshdeh, Fatemeh Nemati-Zargaran, Narges Zarepour, Parisa Tahmasebi, Nader Saki, Mohammad Amin Tabatabaiefar, Javad Mohammadi-Asl, Morteza Hashemzadeh-Chaleshtori
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Hearing loss (HL) is the most common sensorineural disorder and one of the most common human defects. HL can be classified according to main criteria, including: the site (conductive, sensorineural and mixed), onset (pre-lingual and post-lingual), accompanying signs and symptoms (syndromic and non-syndromic), severity (mild, moderate, severe and profound) and mode of inheritance (Autosomal recessive, autosomal dominant, X-linked and mitochondrial). Autosomal recessive non-syndromic HL (ARNSHL) forms constitute a major share of the HL cases...
May 9, 2018: Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752060/age-related-hearing-loss-and-its-association-with-depression-in-later-life
#12
Katharine K Brewster, Adam Ciarleglio, Patrick J Brown, Chen Chen, Hae-Ok Kim, Steven P Roose, Justin S Golub, Bret R Rutherford
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the association between age-related hearing loss (ARHL) and depressive symptoms in older adults over time. METHODS: Data from the Health Aging and Body Composition study (N = 3075, aged 70-79 at baseline) were used previously to conduct a longitudinal latent class analysis to evaluate depression trajectories (Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression [CES-D] Scale) over 10 years. Restricting to the subset of subjects who had hearing information available (N = 1204), self-reported hearing categories were evaluated over the same period...
April 13, 2018: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750677/ce-original-research-understanding-the-hospital-experience-of-older-adults-with-hearing-impairment
#13
Amy Funk, Christina Garcia, Tiara Mullen
Findings from a qualitative study. ABSTRACT: Background: Older hospitalized adults with hearing impairment are vulnerable to adverse outcomes. These patients are at risk for being labeled confused, experiencing a loss of control, experiencing heightened fear and anxiety, and misunderstanding the plan of care. OBJECTIVE: This qualitative study sought to assess the hospital experience of older adults with hearing impairment in order to formulate suggestions for improving nursing care...
May 11, 2018: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748705/hearing-loss-in-phace-syndrome-clinical-and-radiologic-findings
#14
Mark D Mamlouk, Bree Zimmerman, Erin F Mathes, Kristina W Rosbe
PURPOSE: To characterize the types of hearing loss, auditory-related imaging findings, and hemangioma characteristics in patients with Posterior fossa malformations, Hemangiomas, Arterial anomalies, Cardiac defects, and abnormalities of the Eye (PHACE) syndrome. METHODS: Retrospective medical records, audiologic data, and imaging review of all patients presenting to a tertiary care children's hospital with a proven diagnosis of PHACE syndrome from 2005 to 2016. RESULTS: Twelve patients were identified with hearing and imaging data...
May 10, 2018: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748054/functional-and-anatomical-outcome-of-inside-out-technique-for-cholesteatoma-surgery
#15
Priyanka Chamoli, Chandra Veer Singh, Sheetal Radia, Anand K Shah
BACKGROUND: To study the efficacy of inside-out technique in completely eradicating the cholesteatoma from middle ear and mastoid, preservation of hearing & and quality of life post mastoidectomy with regards to recurrent discharge, wax, granulations. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Non-randomized, prospective, observational study performed at the Department of ENT in our hospital. In the study we included 100 patients presenting with chronic suppurative otitis media with cholesteatoma, they underwent inside out mastoidectomy and were followed up till the end of the study to evaluate the efficacy of inside out mastoidectomy in eradicating the disease from the middle ear cleft...
April 17, 2018: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747963/the-possible-effect-of-human-menopausal-gonadotropin-on-the-audio-vestibular-system
#16
Montaser Abdel-Salam, Osama G Abdel-Naby Awad, Mohamed El-Badry, Ahmed Ibrahim, Mahmoud Hosny Ibrahiem
OBJECTIVE: Human menopausal gonadotropin (HMG) is one of the commonest drugs used for ovarian stimulation with no reports on the audio-vestibular system. This study aims to examine HMG on the hearing profile of patients planning intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). METHODS: This prospective study was conducted from June 2016 to June 2017 in a tertiary referral hospital. The audio-vestibular system of a total of 30 patients was evaluated using pure tone audiometry, distortion product otoacoustic emissions (DPOAEs in the form of a DP-gram) and Vestibular-evoked myogenic potential (VEMP) immediately before therapy and at the day 10 after therapy...
May 7, 2018: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747060/acoustic-stimulation-on-the-round-window-for-active-middle-ear-implants
#17
Kiwoong Seong, Kyuyup Lee, Sunil Puria, Jin-Ho Cho
Many clinical reports have discussed the effectiveness of stimulating the ear's round window (RW) with a tool to mitigate conductive and mixed hearing loss. The RW is one of the two openings from the middle ear into the inner ear. Various methods have been proposed to construct a highly efficient, easily implanted, and reliable RW transducer. Devices, however, such as floating mass transducers, have difficulty establishing proper contact without some degree of bone incision around the RW. Additionally, vibration energy may not be fully transmitted to the cochlea, but instead will be spread through the soft tissue around the transducer...
May 2, 2018: Computers in Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743779/hearing-threshold-status-and-risk-estimate-of-hearing-impairment-among-administrative-workforce
#18
Joydeep Majumder, Ramanlal C Patel, Sanjay Kotadiya, Priyanka Shah
Background: Administrative workers working in quieter environment workplace are considered unaffected by noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL). Aim: To create a baseline data of the administrative workers so as to monitor them with prospective years of exposure with the hypothesis that workers working in the administrative jobs may not be affected by NIHL. Settings and Design: The study was conducted among men and women administrative workers working in an office in Ahmedabad city, India...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739807/variation-in-hearing-within-a-wild-population-of-beluga-whales-delphinapterus-leuca-s
#19
T Aran Mooney, Manuel Castellote, Lori Quakenbush, Roderick Hobbs, Eric Gaglione, Caroline Goertz
Documenting hearing abilities is vital to understanding a species' acoustic ecology and for predicting the impacts of increasing anthropogenic noise. Cetaceans use sound for essential biological functions such as foraging, navigation and communication; hearing is considered to be their primary sensory modality. Yet, we know little regarding the hearing of most, if not all, cetacean populations, which limits our understanding of their sensory ecology, population level variability and the potential impacts of increasing anthropogenic noise...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734824/assessment-of-the-effect-of-mesoglycan-in-the-treatment-of-audiovestibular-disorders-of-vascular-origin
#20
Giampiero Neri, Vincenzo Marcelli, Luigi Califano
It is a well-known fact that inner ear diseases are often caused by microcirculatory disorders, and the recent literature is oriented towards investigations into the relationship between the cardiovascular system and cochleovestibular illness with related classical symptoms: tinnitus, hearing loss, and vertigo or instability. These symptoms, and particularly the vertigo, may be the alarm signal of microcirculatory disorders of the labyrinth or vertebrobasilar circulation so as to represent a possible symptom of posterior circulation stroke...
January 2018: International Journal of Immunopathology and Pharmacology
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