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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244841/individual-preferences-for-physical-exercise-as-secondary-prevention-for-non-specific-low-back-pain-a-discrete-choice-experiment
#1
Emmanuel Aboagye, Jan Hagberg, Iben Axén, Lydia Kwak, Malin Lohela-Karlsson, Eva Skillgate, Gunilla Dahlgren, Irene Jensen
BACKGROUND: Exercise is effective in improving non-specific low back pain (LBP). Certain components of physical exercise, such as the type, intensity and frequency of exercise, are likely to influence participation among working adults with non-specific LBP, but the value and relative importance of these components remain unknown. The study's aim was to examine such specific components and their influence on individual preferences for exercise for secondary prevention of non-specific LBP among working adults...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244615/risk-assessment-for-japanese-encephalitis-vaccination
#2
Lance Turtle, Carolyn Driver
Japanese encephalitis (JE) is the most commonly diagnosed viral encephalitis in Asia. JE is caused by a virus called JE virus (JEV), a member of the genus Flavivirus, family Flaviviridae, and is transmitted by Culex mosquitoes. Neutralising antibody to JEV protects against JE, and can be induced by vaccination. JE is a potential threat to travellers to endemic areas, which are most of South and Southeast Asia and some Pacific Islands. The risk of JE can be expected to increase with increasing mosquito exposure and time spent in regions and seasons of active transmission...
December 15, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244123/emergence-and-genomic-analysis-of-mdr-laribacter-hongkongensis-strain-hlgz1-from-guangzhou-china
#3
Hong-Kai Wu, Jian-Huan Chen, Ling Yang, A-Rong Li, Dan-Hong Su, Yong-Ping Lin, Ding-Qiang Chen
Background: Laribacter hongkongensis is a facultative anaerobic, non-fermentative, Gram-negative bacillus associated with community-acquired gastroenteritis and traveller's diarrhoea. No clinical MDR L. hongkongensis isolate has been reported yet. Methods: We performed WGS (PacBio and Illumina) on a clinical L. hongkongensis strain HLGZ1 with an MDR phenotype. Results: HLGZ1 was resistant to eight classes of commonly used antibiotics. Its complete genome was a single circular chromosome of 3 424 272 bp with a G + C content of 62...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243800/vesicoureteral-reflux-in-infants-what-do-we-know-about-the-gender-prevalence-by-age
#4
N Capozza, C Gulia, Z Heidari Bateni, A Zangari, S Gigli, V Briganti, S Tursini, C J Koh, M Gaffi, S Baldassarra, F Signore, A Porrello, R Piergentili
OBJECTIVE: Vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) affects up to 1% of Caucasian children. Primary VUR is characterized by failure of the ureterovesicular junction to prevent urine from traveling in a retrograde fashion from the bladder to the ureters and the kidneys. Several reports in the literature describe the prevalence of this condition in pediatric patients; overall, VUR affects more males during infancy and with higher grades. However, a thorough consideration of these articles reveals important contradictions regarding the prevalence by gender and age...
December 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243747/aggregates-of-octenylsuccinate-oat-%C3%AE-glucan-as-novel-capsules-to-stabilize-curcumin-over-food-processing-storage-and-digestive-fluids-and-to-enhance-its-bioavailability
#5
J Liu, L Lei, F Ye, Y Zhou, Heba G R Younis, G Zhao
Self-aggregates of octenylsuccinate oat β-glucan (AOSG) have been verified as nanocapsules to load curcumin, a representative of hydrophobic phytochemicals. This study primarily investigated the stability of curcumin-loaded AOSGs over food processing, storage and digestive fluids. Curcumin in AOSGs showed better stability over storage and thermal treatment than its free form. Curcumin loaded in AOSGs stored at 4 °C in the dark exhibited higher stability than that at higher temperatures or exposed to light...
December 15, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243007/comparison-of-telephone-and-televideo-modes-for-delivery-of-genetic-counseling-a-randomized-trial
#6
Corrine I Voils, Vickie L Venne, Hollis Weidenbacher, Nina Sperber, Santanu Datta
Telephone and televideo have yielded equivalent patient satisfaction and psychosocial outcomes when compared to in-person genetic counseling, yet little is known about how they compare to one another. In this randomized controlled trial, veterans received genetic counseling via telephone or traveled to a clinic to participate via encrypted televideo. Knowledge and visit satisfaction were assessed 2 weeks later. Travel time, mileage, and out-of-pocket costs were calculated for videoconferencing. Qualitative interviews were conducted with patients and counselors to assess acceptability...
December 15, 2017: Journal of Genetic Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242073/abbreviated-atovaquone-proguanil-prophylaxis-regimens-in-travellers-after-leaving-malaria-endemic-areas-a-systematic-review
#7
Jelmer Savelkoel, Klaas Hendrik Binnendijk, Rene Spijker, Michèle van Vugt, Kathrine Tan, Thomas Hänscheid, Patricia Schlagenhauf, Martin Peter Grobusch
BACKGROUND: We evaluated existing data on the prophylactic efficacy of atovaquone-proguanil (AP) in order to determine whether prophylaxis in travellers can be discontinued on the day of return from a malaria-endemic area instead of seven days after return as per currently recommended post-travel schedule. METHODS: PubMed and Embase databases were searched to identify relevant studies. This PROSPERO-registered systematic review followed PRISMA guidelines. The search strategy included terms or synonyms relevant to AP combined with terms to identify articles relating to prophylactic use of AP and inhibitory and half-life properties of AP...
December 11, 2017: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241885/cost-effectiveness-of-the-angiotensin-receptor-neprilysin-inhibitor-sacubitril-valsartan-for-patients-with-chronic-heart-failure-and-reduced-ejection-fraction-in-the-netherlands-a-country-adaptation-analysis-under-the-former-and-current-dutch-pharmacoeconomic
#8
Isaac Corro Ramos, Matthijs M Versteegh, Rudolf A de Boer, Jolanda M A Koenders, Gerard C M Linssen, Joan G Meeder, Maureen P M H Rutten-van Mölken
OBJECTIVES: To describe the adaptation of a global health economic model to determine whether treatment with the angiotensin receptor neprilysin inhibitor LCZ696 is cost effective compared with the angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor enalapril in adult patients with chronic heart failure with reduced left ventricular ejection fraction in the Netherlands; and to explore the effect of performing the cost-effectiveness analyses according to the new pharmacoeconomic Dutch guidelines (updated during the submission process of LCZ696), which require a value-of-information analysis and the inclusion of indirect medical costs of life-years gained...
December 2017: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241339/a-novel-model-for-a-hub-and-spoke-spinal-service-and-improvements-in-the-treatment-of-spinal-pathology-in-a-rural-hospital-setting
#9
Erden Ali, Andrew Macdowell, Thomas Pagonis
INTRODUCTION:   We present a unique pathway for care aimed specifically at spinal patients. As a result of the shift of the spoke direction from the existing hub-and-spoke model, patient care is being redirected successfully with great benefit to a rural department. Within the rural community, it is the spoke that is the main locality to which patients present and at which they are treated. Subspecialty procurement is often more central and located in tertiary referral centres outside of a rural position...
December 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241189/lord-adrian-md-prs-om
#10
John M S Pearce
Edgar Douglas Adrian was an outstandingly brilliant, Nobel prize-winning neurophysiologist. He is remembered for developing the all-or-none principle of muscle contraction, and for explaining the minutiae of motor and sensory nerve transmission. He showed that the afferent effect in a neuron depends on the pattern in time of the impulses travelling in it, thereby providing a quantitative basis of nervous behaviour. With Sir Charles Sherrington, he was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1932 for discoveries on the functions of the neurons...
December 14, 2017: European Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241146/iseeyou-evaluation-of-a-woman-centred-care-pilot-project-in-bachelor-midwifery-education-and-research
#11
Yvonne Fontein-Kuipers, Enja Romeijn
AIM: to evaluate the ISeeYou project that aims to equip first year Bachelor midwifery students to support them in their learning of providing woman-centred care. METHODS: the project has an ethnographic design. First year midwifery students buddied up to one woman throughout her continuum of the childbirth process and accompanied her during her antenatal and postnatal care encounters. Participant-observation was utilised by the students to support their learning...
November 28, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240162/traveling-wave-like-fabry-perot-resonator-based-add-drop-filters
#12
Qingzhong Huang, Qiang Liu, Jinsong Xia
We have proposed and studied a novel channel add-drop filter (ADF) based on a single Fabry-Perot resonator. The resonator consists of two mode-conversion Bragg grating reflectors separated by a wide waveguide that laterally coupled to two narrow waveguides. It behaves like a traveling-wave resonator where fields are coupled to the buses in one direction. Compact and narrowband ADFs are achieved with dropping efficiencies higher than 95%, as shown by the three-dimensional finite-difference time-domain simulations...
December 15, 2017: Optics Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239907/the-2017-cervical-spine-research-society-international-traveling-fellowship
#13
Addisu Mesfin, FeiFei Zhou, Caroline Scemama, Takashi Kaito, Eduardo Tornero, Ahmad Nassr
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 12, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239708/psychoanalytic-thoughts-on-the-european-refugee-crisis-and-the-other
#14
Vamık D Volkan
There are many aspects-political, economic, legal, medical, cultural, religious-of the present refugee crisis in Europe. Difficulties at border crossings, settlement programs, life-saving issues, and security measures come to mind immediately, but the refugee crisis also needs to be examined from a psychological angle. This paper outlines psychoanalytic findings on voluntary and forced immigration and human responses to the Other. Change in the twenty-first century is occurring at an unprecedented pace and scale...
December 2017: Psychoanalytic Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239556/revealed-access-to-haemodialysis-facilities-in-northeastern-iran-factors-that-matter-in-rural-and-urban-areas
#15
Behzad Kiani, Nasser Bagheri, Ahmad Tara, Benyamin Hoseini, Hamed Tabesh, Mahmood Tara
Poor access to haemodialysis facilities is associated with high mortality and morbidity rates. This study investigated factors affecting revealed access to the haemodialysis facilities considering patients living in rural and urban areas without any haemodialysis facility (Group A) and those living urban areas with haemodialysis facilities (Group B). This study is based on selfreported Actual Access Time (AAT) to referred haemodialysis facilities and other information regarding travel to haemodialysis facilities from patients...
November 7, 2017: Geospatial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239271/how-can-we-keep-immigrant-travelers-healthy-health-challenges-experienced-by-canadian-south-asian-travelers-visiting-friends-and-relatives
#16
Rachel D Savage, Laura C Rosella, Natasha S Crowcroft, Jasleen Arneja, Eileen de Villa, Maureen Horn, Kamran Khan, Monali Varia
Immigrant travelers who visit friends and relatives (VFR travelers) experience substantially higher rates of travel-related infections than other travelers, in part due to low uptake of pretravel health advice. While barriers to accessing advice have been identified, better characterization is needed to inform targeted interventions. We sought to understand how South Asian VFR travelers perceived and responded to travel-related health risks by conducting group interviews with 32 adult travelers from an ethnoculturally diverse Canadian region...
December 1, 2017: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238933/hospital-acquired-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-mrsa-from-pakistan-molecular-characterisation-by-microarray-technology
#17
Bushra Jamil, Darius Gawlik, Muhammad Ali Syed, Asim Ali Shah, Shahid Ahmad Abbasi, Elke Müller, Annett Reißig, Ralf Ehricht, Stefan Monecke
The prevalence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in Pakistan is known to be high, but very few studies have described the molecular epidemiology of the different MRSA clones circulating in the country. Forty-four MRSA isolates were collected from two tertiary care hospitals of the Rawalpindi district of Pakistan. All strains were identified by a conventional phenotypic method and then subjected to genotyping by microarray hybridisation. Six clonal complexes (CCs) and 19 strains were identified...
December 14, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238621/burkholderia-aortic-aneurysm-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#18
Sreelakshmi Panginikkod, Aishwarya Ramachandran, Pratyusha Bollimunta, Roshanak Habibi, Roshan Kumar Arjal, Venu Gopalakrishnan
Melioidosis is a frequently fatal infection caused by the Gram-negative bacillus Burkholderia pseudomallei endemic to Southeast Asia and Northern Australia. It is a rare imported pathogen in the United States and is a potential bioterror agent. We report the case of an 82-year-old previously healthy man who presented with 2 weeks of fever and epigastric pain after he returned from the Philippines. A diagnosis of nondissecting mycotic aneurysm in the descending thoracic aorta was made with the help of CT angiogram and positive blood cultures...
2017: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238261/physical-physiological-and-perceptual-match-demands-of-amateur-mixed-gender-touch-players
#19
Will Vickery, Alice Harkness
The purpose of this study was to provide a position specific (middle, link [male], link [female], wing) analysis of mixed gender touch on the physical physiological and perceptual demands of amateur players during match-play across a season. Distance and speed measures were obtained through the use of 10-Hz global positioning system devices, whilst telemetric heart rate devices were used determine a range of physiological measures. Players also provided a rating of perceived exertion following each match. The greatest physical demand was associated with the middle playing position by comparison to all others (Distance travelled ≥5...
December 2017: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237994/evaluation-of-operational-parameters-role-on-the-emission-of-fumes
#20
Javad Sajedifar, Amir Hossein Kokabi, Somayeh Farhang Dehghan, Ahmad Mehri, Kamal Azam, Farideh Golbabaei
Electric arc welding is a routine operation in the construction of metallic structures, but the fumes generated during the welding process can threaten the health of welders. Fumes are undesirable products of the majority of welding operations and may have various detrimental effects on health. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of operational parameters of the shielded metal arc welding (SMAW) process on the emission of fumes. A dust monitor was used to measure the number and mass concentration of fumes generated by SMAW...
December 12, 2017: Industrial Health
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