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Oncology surgery

Catherine Paterson, Charlotte Primeau, Irene Pullar, Ghulam Nabi
BACKGROUND: An important question revolves around when the most opportune time is to introduce recovery-optimizing behaviors for men opting for radical prostatectomy (RP) for localized prostate cancer (PCa). An emerging field of research describes the role of preoperative strategies to improve treatment tolerance and overall physical and psychological recovery. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the perceptions of a multimodal prehabilitation intervention for men and their partners before RP for localized PCa...
June 22, 2018: Cancer Nursing
N Biglia, V E Bounous, M Gallo, L Fuso, L G Sgro, F Maggiorotto, R Ponzone
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the role and feasibility of sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) in breast cancer patients with a local recurrence and no clinically positive axillary lymph nodes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 71 patients underwent SLNB for breast cancer recurrence. At first surgery, they had received SLNB (46.5%), axillary lymph node dissection (ALND) (36.6%) or no axillary surgery (16.9%). RESULTS: Lymphatic migration was successful in 53 out of 71 patients (74...
June 7, 2018: Breast: Official Journal of the European Society of Mastology
Ekrem İslamoğlu, Hakan Anıl, İbrahim Erol, Selim Taş, Mutlu Ateş, Murat Savaş
OBJECTIVE: To present the surgical and pathological results of robotic radical cystectomy (RRC) operations performed in our clinic. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 18 patients, who underwent RRC and intracorporeal urinary diversion between October 2016 and September 2017 for clinically localized bladder cancer in our clinic, were included in the study. The results were evaluated under three headings. 1. operative outcomes (total operation time, perioperative blood loss, postoperative hematocrit decrease) 2...
July 2018: Turkish Journal of Urology
Luca Pio, Stefano Avanzini, Irene Paraboschi, Michela Wong, Aldo Naselli, Alberto Garaventa, Massimo Conte, Ubaldo Rosati, Giuseppe Losurdo, Giuseppe Fratino, Giuseppe Martucciello, Girolamo Mattioli, Elio Castagnola
Little is known about the effectiveness of antibiotic prophylaxis for prevention of surgical site infections (SSIs) in paediatric abdominopelvic surgical oncology. A retrospective analysis was performed upon the incidence of SSIs in children receiving a 24-hour antibiotic prophylaxis with cefazolin for abdominopelvic oncological surgery. In all, 145 patients (57% females) with a median age of 4 years underwent surgical procedures for abdominopelvic tumours. No SSIs were detected, despite the various risk factors known to be associated with their occurrence (such as pre- and post- surgical chemotherapy, long hospitalization, intensive care unit admission and drain placement)...
June 1, 2018: Le Infezioni in Medicina
H Leebmann, P Piso
Peritoneal carcinomatosis remains a therapeutic challenge. The combination of cytoreductive surgery (CRS) and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) is currently the only potentially curative option with good results. For good oncological results a complete macroscopic cytoreduction is essential. This mostly requires a complex operative procedure with significant morbidity and mortality. Therefore, multimodal treatment is limited to a few highly selected patients. Pressurized intraperitoneal aerosol chemotherapy (PIPAC) is a new minimally invasive approach, the value and spectrum of applications of which are still under investigation; however, the articles on PIPAC published so far are encouraging and PIPAC is therefore a possible palliative therapy option for patients who are not eligible for CRS and HIPEC...
June 21, 2018: Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift Für Alle Gebiete der Operativen Medizen
Ioannis Karavokyros, Adamantios Michalinos
The role of extended lymphadenectomy in the surgical treatment of gastric cancer has been debated for many years. So far six prospective randomized trials and a number of meta-analyses comparing D1 - to D2 -lymphadenectomy in open surgery have been published with contradicting results. The possible oncologic benefit of radical lymphadenectomy has been blurred by a number of reasons. In most of the trials the strategies under comparison were made similar after protocol violations. Imperfect design of the trials could not exclude the influence of cofounding factors...
2018: Frontiers in Surgery
Malcolm S Ross, Mary E Burriss, Daniel G Winger, Robert P Edwards, Madeleine Courtney-Brooks, Michelle M Boisen
OBJECTIVES: Previous studies have identified age, nutritional status, and hematocrit as risk factors for unplanned ICU admission in gynecologic oncology patients. We sought to identify additional perioperative factors that can be predictive of unplanned ICU admission and its impact on outcomes in women with ovarian cancer undergoing ovarian cancer cytoreductive procedures. METHODS: This was a case-control study of patients with unplanned ICU admission after primary surgery for ovarian cancer from January 2007 to December 2013...
June 18, 2018: Gynecologic Oncology
Jens Müller von den Grün, Arndt Hartmann, Rainer Fietkau, Michael Ghadimi, Torsten Liersch, Werner Hohenberger, Jürgen Weitz, Rolf Sauer, Christian Wittekind, Philipp Ströbel, Claus Rödel, Emmanouil Fokas
BACKGROUND: The advent of less radical surgical approaches has generated concern about leaving locoregional lymph node metastases (LNM) unresected that could lead to adverse outcome. We examined the prognostic role of clinicopathological factors for ypN-positivity in patients with ypT0-2 rectal carcinoma treated within the CAO/ARO/AIO-94 and CAO/ARO/AIO-04 randomized phase 3 trials. METHODS: The correlation of clinicopathological factors with ypN-status (ypN0 vs ypN1/2) was examined in n = 776 patients with ypT0-2 rectal carcinoma after preoperative CRT and total mesorectal excision surgery using Pearson's Chi-squared test for categorical variables and Kruskal-Wallis' test for continuous variables...
June 18, 2018: Radiotherapy and Oncology: Journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology
Ned Kinnear, Bridget Heijkoop, Lina Hua, Derek B Hennessey, Daniel Spernat
Background: To examine the effect of intra-operative cell salvage (ICS) in open radical prostatectomy. Methods: In this retrospective cohort study, all patients undergoing open radical prostatectomy for malignancy at our institution between 10/04/2013 and 10/04/2017 were enrolled. Patients were grouped and compared based on whether they received ICS. Primary outcomes were allogeneic transfusion rates, and disease recurrence. Secondary outcomes were complications and transfusion-related cost...
May 2018: Translational Andrology and Urology
Lu Hong, Hui Qiu, Zijie Mei, Hui Zhang, Shaopin Liu, Hong Cao
Supra-clavicular lymph node metastasis from ovarian cancer is rare. The present study reports the unique case of a 43-years-old patient who initially presented with left supra-clavicular lymph node metastasis, and was nulliparous. According to fine-needle aspiration cytology of the metastatic left supra-clavicular lymph nodes and 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) scan, the patient was diagnosed with poorly differentiated serous carcinoma of ovarian cancer, stage IV...
July 2018: Oncology Letters
Dominik Dłuski, Dorota Lewkowicz, Bożena Leszczyńska-Gorzelak, Bogdan Obrzut, Tomasz Rechberger, Andrzej Semczuk
Introduction: The coexistence of chronic lymphocytic leukemia/small lymphocytic lymphoma (CLL/SLL) with different gynecologic neoplasms is a rare phenomenon. Here, we report a case of simultaneously developed CLL/SLL with endometrioid-type uterine cancer. Case Report: A 58-year-old woman was admitted to the 2nd Department of Gynecology, Lublin Medical University, Lublin, Poland, in June 2017, where the uterine cancer was diagnosed. After the surgery, pathological examination revealed a uterine moderately differentiated adenocarcinoma of endometrioid subtype (subtype I according to Bokhman) deeply infiltrating the myometrium as well as the uterine cervix...
May 2018: Case Reports in Oncology
Renata D'Alpino Peixoto, Tercia Tarciane de Sousa, Pedro Alexandre Ismael Amaral Silva, Luciana Rodrigues de Meirelles, Carlos Henrique Andrade Teixeira
Background: Peritoneal carcinomatosis is usually a terminal disease with short median survival in patients with gastric cancer. Systemic FOLFOX is one of the most used regimens in the first-line treatment of metastatic gastric cancer. However, there is scarce evidence that cytoreductive surgery (CRS) and intraperitoneal heated chemotherapy (HIPEC) improves oncological outcomes of patients with advanced gastric cancer. Methods: Herein we present a case of a young woman with advanced gastric cancer with omental and peritoneal metastases who achieved an excellent response after 6 months of FOLFOX followed by CRS and HIPEC...
May 2018: Case Reports in Oncology
Andrew Bohn, Alexander Braley, Pura Rodriguez de la Vega, Juan Carlos Zevallos, Noël C Barengo
BACKGROUND: Glioblastoma is the most common primary brain cancer in adults with an incidence of 3.4 per 100,000, making up about 15% of all brain tumors. Inconsistent results have been published in regard differences in survival between white and black glioblastoma patients. The objective of this to study the association between race and in Glioblastoma patients in the USA during 2010-2014. METHODS AND FINDINGS: The National Cancer Institute's Surveillance Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) database were used to evaluate race/ethnicity (White non-Hispanic, Black non-Hispanic, Asian/Pacific Islanders non-Hispanic (API)) and Hispanic) adults patients with first-time diagnosis of glioblastoma (International Classification of Diseases for Oncology, 3rd Edition [ICD-O-3], codes C711-C714, and histology type 9440/3) from 2010-2014...
2018: PloS One
P V Nikitin, A A Potapov, M V Ryzhova, V A Shurkhay, E E Kulikov, E S Zhvanskiy, I A Popov, E N Nikolaev
The relationship between molecular genetic and metabolic disorders is one of the challenges of modern oncology. In this review, we consider lipid metabolism and its changes as one of the factors of oncogenesis of glial tumors. Also, we demonstrate that the genome and the metabolome are interconnected by a large number of links, and the metabolic pathways, during their reorganization, are able to drastically affect the genetic structure of the cell and, in particular, cause its tumor transformation. Our own observations and analysis of the literature data allow us to conclude that mass spectrometry is a highly accurate current method for assessing metabolic disorders at the cellular level...
2018: Zhurnal Voprosy Neĭrokhirurgii Imeni N. N. Burdenko
Yu V Kushel', V S Sorokin, B Z Chel'diev, A R Tekoev
Posterior cranial fossa tumors are the most common neuro-oncological pathology of childhood. More than half of them are located along the midline, occupying the cerebellar vermis and 4th ventricle cavity. Historically, most of these tumors were operated on with the patient in sitting position. This tendency has significantly changed in the last 30 years. For example, 95% of all operations in Japan are now performed with the patient in lying position; for the US and Europe, these figures are 80 and 60%, respectively...
2018: Zhurnal Voprosy Neĭrokhirurgii Imeni N. N. Burdenko
Maheer M Masood, Massimiliano Di Giosia, Trevor G Hackman
BACKGROUND: First bite syndrome is a well-recognized complication of parapharyngeal space surgery. There are no reported cases of protracted first bite syndrome and subsequent diagnosis of a primary squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the parotid. METHODS: We present the case of a 73-year-old man with no surgical history and 9 years of first bite syndrome who was ultimately diagnosed with a primary SCC of the parotid. Diagnostic workup, including MRI and biopsy, along with oncologic treatment, were performed...
June 21, 2018: Head & Neck
Robbie S R Woods, Lina Geyer, Ana Ionescu, Deirdre Callanan, Patrick Sheahan
BACKGROUND: The optimal treatment for oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC) is controversial. There is increasing evidence that, in selected cases, minimally invasive transoral surgery can offer improved functional outcomes, with equivalent oncologic outcomes, compared to chemoradiotherapy. AIMS: We report the outcomes of transoral laser microsurgery (TLM) for treatment of OPSCC at our institution. METHODS: Patients with OPSCC undergoing TLM at the South Infirmary Victoria University Hospital, Cork, between 2010 and 2016, were identified from an institutional database...
June 21, 2018: Irish Journal of Medical Science
Martin Bailon-Cuadrado, Baltasar Perez-Saborido, Javier Sanchez-Gonzalez, Mario Rodriguez-Lopez, Agustin Mayo-Iscar, David Pacheco-Sanchez
PURPOSE: Several scores have been developed to define the inflammatory status of oncological patients. We suspect they share iterative information. Our hypothesis is that we may summarise their information into one or two new variables which will be independent. This will help us to predict, more accurately, which patients are at an increased risk of suffering postoperative complications after curative surgery for CRC. METHODS: Observational prospective study with those patients undergoing curative surgery for CRC between September 2015 and February 2017...
June 20, 2018: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
Pei-Hsin Chu, Ngan-Ming Tsang, Li-Ang Lee, Chun-Ta Liao, Tuan-Jen Fang
PURPOSES: The management of recurrent hypopharyngeal cancer after primary curative-intent radiation or chemoradiation therapy is inconclusive. The benefit of salvage surgery may be reduced by its high complication rate. The improvement of medical care modalities may change the survival after management for loco-reginal recurrences. The present study aims to determine the role of salvage surgery. METHODS: From December 2007 to November 2013, 46 patients with recurrent hypopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (HPSCC) after radiation or chemoradiation therapy and without double cancers were recruited...
June 20, 2018: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
Labrinus van Manen, Jouke Dijkstra, Claude Boccara, Emilie Benoit, Alexander L Vahrmeijer, Michalina J Gora, J Sven D Mieog
INTRODUCTION: Tumor detection and visualization plays a key role in the clinical workflow of a patient with suspected cancer, both in the diagnosis and treatment. Several optical imaging techniques have been evaluated for guidance during oncological interventions. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a technique which has been widely evaluated during the past decades. This review aims to determine the clinical usefulness of OCT during cancer interventions focussing on qualitative features, quantitative features and the diagnostic value of OCT...
June 20, 2018: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
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