keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Oncology surgery

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037017/preoperative-chemoradiotherapy-versus-postoperative-chemoradiotherapy-for-stage-ii-iii-resectable-rectal-cancer-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#1
Jin Ho Song, Jae Uk Jeong, Jong Hoon Lee, Sung Hwan Kim, Hyeon Min Cho, Jun Won Um, Hong Seok Jang
PURPOSE: Whether preoperative chemoradiotherapy (CRT) is better than postoperative CRT in oncologic outcome and toxicity is contentious in prospective randomized clinical trials. We systematically analyze and compare the treatment result, toxicity, and sphincter preservation rate between preoperative CRT and postoperative CRT in stage II-III rectal cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We searched Medline, Embase, and Cochrane Library from 1990 to 2014 for relevant trials...
September 2017: Radiation Oncology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035643/role-of-bone-modifying-agents-in-metastatic-breast-cancer-an-american-society-of-clinical-oncology-cancer-care-ontario-focused-guideline-update
#2
Catherine Van Poznak, Mark R Somerfield, William E Barlow, J Sybil Biermann, Linda D Bosserman, Mark J Clemons, Sukhbinder K Dhesy-Thind, Melissa S Dillmon, Andrea Eisen, Elizabeth S Frank, Reshma Jagsi, Rachel Jimenez, Richard L Theriault, Theodore A Vandenberg, Gary C Yee, Beverly Moy
Purpose To update, in collaboration with Cancer Care Ontario (CCO), key recommendations of the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) guideline on the role of bone-modifying agents (BMAs) in metastatic breast cancer. This focused update addressed the new data on intervals between dosing and the role of BMAs in control of bone pain. Methods A joint ASCO-CCO Update Committee conducted targeted systematic literature reviews to identify relevant studies. Results The Update Committee reviewed three phase III noninferiority trials of dosing intervals, one systematic review and meta-analysis of studies of de-escalation of BMAs, and two randomized trials of BMAs in control of pain secondary to bone metastases...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034350/function-preserving-surgery-for-gastric-cancer-current-status-and-future-perspectives
#3
REVIEW
Souya Nunobe, Naoki Hiki
The number of early gastric cancer (EGC) cases has been increasing because of improved diagnostic procedures including endoscopy and screening systems. Therefore, function-preserving gastrectomy (FPG) for EGC with the expectation of better quality of life (QOL) after surgery may be increasingly utilized, due to its association with low rate of lymph node metastasis and excellent survival and the possibility of employing less invasive procedures such as laparoscopic gastrectomy in combination. Pylorus-preserving gastrectomy (PPG) with curative intent lymph node dissection is a representative FPG that has been used in EGC, and its superiorities, indications, limitations, and survival benefits have already been reported in several retrospective studies...
2017: Translational Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034253/risk-factors-for-adverse-outcome-for-elderly-patients-undergoing-curative-oncological-resection-for-gastrointestinal-malignancies
#4
REVIEW
Yukai K Lim, Christopher Jackson, Emilia L Dauway, Konrad Klaus Richter
BACKGROUND: The incidence of gastrointestinal cancer increases with age, with approximately 20% of these cases in people over 80 years of age. Due to pre-existing comorbidities, this onco-geriatric population often presents diagnostic and therapeutic challenges. METHODS: A systematic review of articles on PubMed was performed to determine the predictive ability of screening tools and their components regarding the occurrence of adverse outcomes in elderly onco-surgical patients with gastrointestinal malignancies...
August 2017: Visceral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033552/therapy-preferences-of-patients-with-lung-and-colon-cancer-a-discrete-choice-experiment
#5
Katharina Schmidt, Kathrin Damm, Arndt Vogel, Heiko Golpon, Michael P Manns, Tobias Welte, J-Matthias Graf von der Schulenburg
OBJECTIVES: There is increasing interest in studies that examine patient preferences to measure health-related outcomes. Understanding patients' preferences can improve the treatment process and is particularly relevant for oncology. In this study, we aimed to identify the subgroup-specific treatment preferences of German patients with lung cancer (LC) or colorectal cancer (CRC). METHODS: Six discrete choice experiment (DCE) attributes were established on the basis of a systematic literature review and qualitative interviews...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032999/a-prospective-phase-i-comparison-of-toxicity-and-cosmesis-outcomes-of-single-fraction-iort-and-hypofractionated-radiotherapy-with-iort-boost-in-early-stage-breast-cancer
#6
Tanuja Bhandari, Wesley Babaran, Afshin Forouzannia, Venita Williams, Jay Harness, Michele Carpenter, Maher Gobran, Rajesh Khanijou, Brittany Wagman, Robert Ash, Lawrence D Wagman
PURPOSE: Radiation therapy is proven to reduce local recurrence in patients with early-stage breast cancer. To reduce toxicity, treatment time, and improve accuracy, intraoperative radiation therapy was used as definitive treatment or as a boost. The study's objective was to compare the short-term toxicity and cosmesis of single-fraction (SF) IORT and hypofractionated radiotherapy with IORT boost (HfB) given as definitive treatment. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Between March 2011 and December 2013, 57 patients aged 45-91 years and 24 patients aged 43-83 years (total n = 81) with Stage 0-II were treated with SF or HfB (Mobetron, IntraOp Medical, Sunnyvale, CA)...
October 9, 2017: Brachytherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032451/impact-of-body-mass-index-on-the-oncological-outcomes-of-patients-treated-with-radical-nephroureterectomy-for-upper-tract-urothelial-carcinoma
#7
Yohann Dabi, Mohammed El Mrini, Igor Duquesnes, Nicolas Barry Delongchamps, Mathilde Sibony, Marc Zerbib, Evanguelos Xylinas
PURPOSE: To evaluate the association between body mass index (BMI) and oncological outcomes in patients treated with radical nephroureterectomy (RNU) for upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC). METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 237 consecutive patients treated with RNU for UTUC at our institution between 1990 and 2012. Univariable and multivariable cox regression models investigated the association of BMI with disease recurrence, cancer-specific mortality, and overall mortality...
October 14, 2017: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032418/transoral-robotic-surgery-for-squamous-cell-carcinomas-of-the-posterior-pharyngeal-wall
#8
B Lallemant, S Moriniere, P Ceruse, M Lebalch, K Aubry, S Hans, G Dolivet, O Malard, Q Bonduelle, S Vergez
Posterior pharyngeal wall squamous cell carcinomas (SCCs) are rare and have an associated poor prognosis. Progress in transoral resection techniques, in particular, transoral robotic surgery (TORS), have renewed the role of surgery in their treatment. This article presents the oncological and functional results obtained by the French Group of Head and Neck Robotic Surgery for TORS for posterior pharyngeal wall SCC-curative surgery. This retrospective, multicentre study presents data collected between September 2009 and November 2013 for patients treated with TORS for posterior pharyngeal wall SCCs...
October 14, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032255/single-incision-laparoscopic-surgery-sils-for-ovarian-tissue-cryopreservation
#9
Gilad Karavani, Natali Schachter-Safrai, Henry H Chill, Talya Mordechai Daniel, Dvora Bauman, Ariel Revel
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To present single-incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS) as an alternative to standard multi-port laparoscopic surgery (MPLS) for ovarian tissue cryopreservation (OTC). DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study (Canadian Task Force classification II-2). SETTING: Tertiary medical center. PATIENTS: Two hundred thirty-one patients referred for oncological fertility preservation. INTERVENTION: Non-inferiority comparison of SILS to MPLS for ovarian cryopreservation for future transplantation...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031873/does-specialty-matter-a-survey-on-176-italian-neurosurgeons-and-orthopaedic-spine-surgeons-confirms-similar-competency-for-common-spinal-conditions-and-supports-multidisciplinary-teams-in-comprehensive-and-complex-spinal-care
#10
Matteo Pejrona, Gabriele Ristori, Jorge Hugo Villafañe, Fabrizio Ernesto Pregliasco, Pedro Berjano
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Spine surgery is a multi-faceted sub-speciality requiring a breadth of knowledge and skill from different branches of medicine for the treatment of pathologies varying from degenerative to deformity, oncological, and trauma. PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to investigate the self-perceived competency of spine surgeons in relation to different types of spinal procedures. STUDY DESIGN/SETTING: Survey study. METHODS: We conducted a survey on 176 surgeons (Orthopaedic surgeons and Neurosurgeons)...
October 11, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031423/the-state-of-surgical-axillary-management-and-adjuvant-radiotherapy-for-early-stage-invasive-breast-cancer-in-the-modern-era
#11
Justin M Mann, Xian Wu, Paul Christos, Himanshu Nagar
BACKGROUND: For clinical T1-2N0 breast cancer, sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) has been shown in American College of Surgeons Oncology Group (ACOSOG) Z0011 to be sufficient for women with 1 to 2 positive sentinel lymph nodes with no added benefit for completion axillary lymph node dissection (ALND). Z0011 specified whole breast radiotherapy (RT) using standard tangential fields; however, later analysis showed variation in field design. We assessed nationwide practice patterns and examined factors associated with patients undergoing completion ALND and subsequent radiation field design...
September 19, 2017: Clinical Breast Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030073/comparative-analysis-of-surgery-thermal-ablation-and-active-surveillance-for-renal-oncocytic-neoplasms
#12
Brady L Miller, Lori Mankowski Gettle, Jason R Van Roo, Timothy J Ziemlewicz, Sara L Best, Shane A Wells, Meghan G Lubner, J Louis Hinshaw, Fred T Lee, Stephen Y Nakada, Wei Huang, E Jason Abel
OBJECTIVE: To compare oncologic and procedural outcomes for renal oncocytic tumors treated with surgery, thermal ablation or active surveillance. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Clinical and pathologic data were collected for consecutive patients with a histological diagnosis of oncocytoma, oncocytic neoplasm or chromophobe renal cell cancers (chRCC) from 2003-2016. Independent pathology and radiology review was performed for this study. RESULTS: Of 171 patients, tumor histology included oncocytoma (n=122), chRCC (n=47) and oncocytic neoplasm not otherwise specified (n=2)...
October 10, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030030/oncological-safety-of-nipple-sparing-prophylactic-mastectomy-a-review-of-the-literature-on-3716-cases
#13
T Muller, A Baratte, C Bruant-Rodier, F Bodin, C Mathelin
INTRODUCTION: The objective of our study was to evaluate the risk of cancer after prophylactic nipple-sparing mastectomy (PNSM). MATERIAL AND METHODS: The PubMed database was consulted using the following key-words: "nipple-sparing mastectomy", "prophylactic", "locoregional recurrence", "oncological risk". Articles published between January 1995 and December 2016 were searched. RESULTS: Out of the 270 articles found, 19 were included. Overall, 15 studies were retrospective, 2 prospective, 2 prospective and retrospective and 3 were multicentric...
October 10, 2017: Annales de Chirurgie Plastique et Esthétique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029111/short-term-and-mid-term-survival-in-bronchial-sleeve-resection-by-robotic-system-versus-thoracotomy-for-centrally-located-lung-cancer
#14
Chang Gu, Xufeng Pan, Yong Chen, Jun Yang, Heng Zhao, Jianxin Shi
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare the short-term and mid-term results of patients with centrally located lung cancer who underwent bronchial sleeve resection by robotic system or thoracotomy. METHODS: From September 2014 to September 2015, 103 patients, including 17 robotic and 86 open cases, were included in our study. All the clinicopathological data, operative details and follow-up information were investigated. RESULTS: There were no intraoperative deaths...
September 27, 2017: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027400/surgical-and-oncologic-outcomes-after-robotic-radical-hysterectomy-as-compared-to-open-radical-hysterectomy-in-the-treatment-of-early-cervical-cancer
#15
Chirag A Shah, Tiffany Beck, John B Liao, Nadia V Giannakopoulos, Dan Veljovich, Pam Paley
OBJECTIVE: The use of robotic radical hysterectomy has greatly increased in the treatment of early stage cervical cancer. We sought to compare surgical and oncologic outcomes of women undergoing robotic radical hysterectomy compared to open radical hysterectomy. METHODS: The clinic-pathologic, treatment, and recurrence data were abstracted through an Institutional Review Board-approved protocol at 2 separate large tertiary care centers in Seattle, Swedish Medical Center and the University of Washington...
November 2017: Journal of Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026820/a-qualitative-assessment-of-the-journey-to-delayed-breast-reconstruction
#16
Ho Man Cheng, Catherine McMillan, Joan E Lipa, Laura Snell
BACKGROUND: Canada has low immediate breast reconstruction (IBR) rates compared to the United States and Europe. Breast cancer survivors live with mastectomy defects sometimes for years, and this represents an area for improvement in cancer care. PURPOSE: This study qualitatively assessed (1) information provided about breast reconstruction at the time of cancer diagnosis among women seeking delayed breast reconstruction (DBR) and (2) referral practices for plastic surgery consultation for DBR...
August 2017: Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026789/the-impact-of-the-predictive-nursing-education-process-on-degree-of-comfort-and-quality-of-life-for-patients-in-the-oncology-department
#17
Yan Yu, Lijuan Hu, Xingu Chen, Mei Ge, Huijuan Zhu, Yusheng Yan
BACKGROUND: We investigated the application of a predictive nursing education process on the degree of comfort and quality of life for cancer patients. METHODS: A total of 168-cancer patient in Zhujiang Hospital of Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, Guangdong, China between June 2014 and June 2016 were enrolled and admitted for surgery or radiotherapy/chemotherapy treatment. Patients were randomly divided into control and observation groups, each containing 84 cases...
September 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026065/urethral-diverticulum-presenting-as-a-large-vaginal-mass-complicating-pregnancy-and-delivery
#18
Everett F Magann, Lisa S Newton, Susan A Barr
BACKGROUND A case report of urethral diverticulum complicating pregnancy is presented. The diagnosis and management are challenging because of the rare nature of this condition, the varied presentations and differential diagnoses, and the possibility of misdiagnosis. CASE REPORT A 25-year-old primigravida with scheduled induction of labor at 39 weeks gestation due to gestational diabetes mellitus presented for a routine antenatal appointment at 38 weeks and four days. On digital cervical examination, she was found to have a large semi-solid anterior vaginal mass, shown by trans-vaginal ultrasound to have a nearly solid appearance of a 5×7 cm mass with septation...
October 13, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025982/appropriate-use-criteria-for-somatostatin-receptor-pet-imaging-in-neuroendocrine-tumors
#19
Thomas A Hope, Emily Bergsland, Murat Fani Bozkurt, Michael M Graham, Anthony P Heaney, Ken Herrmann, James R Howe, Matthew H Kulke, Pamela L Kunz, Josh Mailman, Lawrence May, David C Metz, Corina Millo, Sue O'Dorisio, Diane L Reidy-Lagunes, Michael C Soulen, Jonathan R Strosberg
Somatostatin receptor positron emission tomography (SSTR-PET) is an imaging modality for patients with neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) that has demonstrated a significant improvement over conventional imaging (CI). SSTR-PET should replace In-111 pentetreotide scintigraphy (OctreoScan) in all indications in which SSTR scintigraphy is currently being used. These appropriate use criteria (AUC) are intended to aid referring medical practitioners in the appropriate use of SSTR-PET for imaging of patients with NETs, and the indications were evaluated in well-differentiated NETs...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Nuclear Medicine: Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025611/carbon-fiber-reinforced-intramedullary-nailing-in-musculoskeletal-tumor-surgery-a-national-multicentric-experience-of-the-italian-orthopaedic-society-siot-bone-metastasis-study-group
#20
Andrea Piccioli, Raimondo Piana, Michele Lisanti, Alberto Di Martino, Barbara Rossi, Francesco Camnasio, Marco Gatti, Pietro Maniscalco, Franco Gherlinzoni, Maria Silvia Spinelli, Davide Maria Donati, Roberto Biagini, Rodolfo Capanna, Vincenzo Denaro
INTRODUCTION: Carbon fiber reinforced (CFR) implants have been proposed for the treatment of fractures or impending fractures of the long bones in the oncology patient. Aim of this study is to present the largest cohort of oncology patients operated by CFR nailing by the Italian Orthopaedic Society (SIOT) Bone Metastasis Study Group. METHODS: 53 adult oncology patients were operated on with a CFR-PEEK nail. All the data from adjuvants therapies were collected. Bone callus formation, response to radiotherapy, relapse or progression of the osteolysis were recorded...
October 2017: Injury
keyword
keyword
46698
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"