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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521248/designing-and-evaluating-the-effectiveness-of-a-serious-game-for-safe-administration-of-blood-transfusion-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Apphia Jia Qi Tan, Cindy Ching Siang Lee, Patrick Yongxing Lin, Simon Cooper, Lydia Siew Tiang Lau, Wei Ling Chua, Sok Ying Liaw
BACKGROUND: Preparing nursing students for the knowledge and skills required for the administration and monitoring of blood components is crucial for entry into clinical practice. Serious games create opportunities to develop this competency, which can be used as a self-directed learning strategy to complement existing didactic learning and simulation-based strategies. AIM: To describe the development and evaluation of a serious game to improve nursing students' knowledge, confidence, and performance in blood transfusion...
May 6, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514467/novel-deceased-donor-perfusion-model-for-high-fidelity-simulation-in-vascular-surgery
#2
J Hunter Mehaffey, Eric J Charles, Leora T Yarboro
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 17, 2017: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511894/incorporating-simulation-into-gynecologic-surgical-training
#3
REVIEW
Kyle Wohlrab, J Eric Jelovsek, Deborah Myers
Today's educational environment has made it more difficult to rely on the Halstedian model of 'see one, do one, teach one' in gynecologic surgical training. There is decreased surgical volume, but an increased number of surgical modalities. Fortunately, surgical simulation has evolved to fill the educational void. Whether it is through skill generalization or skill transfer, surgical simulation has shifted the learning curve from the operating room back to the classroom. This article explores the principles of surgical education and ways to introduce simulation as an adjunct to residency training...
May 13, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508074/pressure-compression-of-cdse-nanoparticles-into-luminescent-nanowires
#4
Binsong Li, Kaifu Bian, Xiaowang Zhou, Ping Lu, Sheng Liu, Igal Brener, Michael Sinclair, Ting Luk, Hattie Schunk, Leanne Alarid, Paul G Clem, Zhongwu Wang, Hongyou Fan
Oriented attachment (OA) of synthetic nanocrystals is emerging as an effective means of fabricating low-dimensional nanoscale materials. However, OA relies on energetically favorable nanocrystal facets to grow nanostructured materials. Consequently, nanostructures synthesized through OA are generally limited to a specific crystal facet in their final morphology. We report our discovery that high-pressure compression can induce consolidation of spherical CdSe nanocrystal arrays, leading to unexpected one-dimensional semiconductor nanowires that do not exhibit the typical crystal facet...
May 2017: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506475/a-novel-perfused-porcine-simulator-for-teaching-aortic-anastomosis-increases-resident-interest-in-vascular-surgery
#5
Peter B Bartline, Jennie O'Shea, James M McGreevy, Michelle T Mueller
OBJECTIVE: This report describes a novel simulator, euthanized pigs on cardiopulmonary bypass, and validates this simulator with a controlled trial in general surgery residents learning aortic anastomosis. We evaluated this novel simulator with the following hypothesis: our porcine perfused simulator is as good as or better than the standard rubber tubing, low-fidelity models used for vascular anastomotic training. METHODS: Euthanized pigs were placed on cardiopulmonary bypass, creating a perfused, ex vivo model on which to perform surgical procedures...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502406/steering-the-conversation-a-linguistic-exploration-of-natural-language-interactions-with-a-digital-assistant-during-simulated-driving
#6
David R Large, Leigh Clark, Annie Quandt, Gary Burnett, Lee Skrypchuk
Given the proliferation of 'intelligent' and 'socially-aware' digital assistants embodying everyday mobile technology - and the undeniable logic that utilising voice-activated controls and interfaces in cars reduces the visual and manual distraction of interacting with in-vehicle devices - it appears inevitable that next generation vehicles will be embodied by digital assistants and utilise spoken language as a method of interaction. From a design perspective, defining the language and interaction style that a digital driving assistant should adopt is contingent on the role that they play within the social fabric and context in which they are situated...
September 2017: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499683/response-of-flight-nurses-in-a-simulated-helicopter-environment
#7
David M Kaniecki, Ronald L Hickman, Celeste M Alfes, Andrew P Reimer
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine if a helicopter flight simulator could provide a useful educational platform by creating experiences similar to those encountered by actual flight nurses. METHODS: Flight nurse (FN) and non-FN participants completed a simulated emergency scenario in a flight simulator. Physiologic and psychological stress during the simulation was measured using heart rate and perceived stress scores. A questionnaire was then administered to assess the realism of the flight simulator...
May 2017: Air Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499674/-training-of-residents-in-amniocentesis-effectiveness-of-a-craft-simulator
#8
A Cazaux, R Callec, E Gauchotte, R Sataf, E Perdriolle, O Morel
OBJECTIVE: This prospective study aims to assess a low fidelity simulation device for learning amniocentesis to gynecology-obstetrics residents. METHODS: From 2013 to 2016, gynecology-obstetrics residents of all levels, from the maternity of Nancy hospital, which have already performed amniocentesis or not, participated in amniocentesis training on an artisanal simulator. Residents were evaluated on the amniocentesis simulator according to seven quality criteria...
May 9, 2017: Gynecologie, Obstetrique, Fertilite & Senologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497476/optimization-of-a-novel-large-field-of-view-distortion-phantom-for-mr-only-treatment-planning
#9
Ryan G Price, Robert A Knight, Ken-Pin Hwang, Ersin Bayram, Siamak P Nejad-Davarani, Carri K Glide-Hurst
PURPOSE: MR-only treatment planning requires images of high geometric fidelity, particularly for large fields of view (FOV). However, the availability of large FOV distortion phantoms with analysis software is currently limited. This work sought to optimize a modular distortion phantom to accommodate multiple bore configurations and implement distortion characterization in a widely implementable solution. METHOD AND MATERIALS: To determine candidate materials, 1...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497097/a-randomized-controlled-pilot-study-of-educational-techniques-in-teaching-basic-arthroscopic-skills-in-a-low-income-country
#10
Abhiram R Bhashyam, Catherine Logan, Heather J Roberts, Rameez A Qudsi, Jacky Fils, George S M Dyer
BACKGROUND: Little is known about how to introduce complex technologies like arthroscopy into low-income countries. Thus, we compared low- versus high-resource intensive methods of teaching basic arthroscopic skills in a randomized controlled trial in Haiti. METHODS: Forty-eight Haitian orthopaedic surgeons and residents attending an orthopaedic conference in Haiti were block randomized to receive instruction through a composite video (Control) or a composite video plus hands-on teaching with an expert visiting surgeon (Intervention)...
March 2017: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482178/a-simulator-based-analysis-of-engineering-treatments-for-right-hook-bicycle-crashes-at-signalized-intersections
#11
Jennifer Warner, David S Hurwitz, Christopher M Monsere, Kayla Fleskes
A right-hook crash is a crash between a right-turning motor vehicle and an adjacent through-moving bicycle. At signalized intersections, these crashes can occur during any portion of the green interval when conflicting bicycles and vehicles are moving concurrently. The objective of this research was to evaluate the effectiveness of four types of engineering countermeasures - regulatory signage, intersection pavement marking, smaller curb radius, and protected intersection design - at modifying driver behaviors that are known contributing factors in these crashes...
May 5, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476358/editorial-commentary-a-brush-too-broad-validation-global-rating-scales-and-the-like%C3%A2-what-do-they-really-mean
#12
EDITORIAL
Richard L Angelo
Surgical simulation will play an increasingly important role in helping to train surgical skills. Tools of varying fidelity including benchtop models and virtual reality computer-generated simulations will be needed to most effectively train for accomplishing specific tasks and techniques. We must search for and identify how best to employ simulation to enable the trainee to master the requisite skills. It is imperative that in our investigation, validation methodologies, rating scales, and statistical tools be rigorously and accurately employed lest we be led astray by acceptance and assumption too freely given...
May 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471440/accuracy-of-the-nasal-tragus-length-measurement-for-correct-endotracheal-tube-placement-in-a-cohort-of-neonatal-resuscitation-simulators
#13
M M Gray, H Delaney, R Umoren, T P Strandjord, T Sawyer
OBJECTIVE: Nasal-tragus length (NTL) estimates of endotracheal tube (ETT) depth are replacing weight-based estimates for endotracheal tube depth in neonates requiring endotracheal intubation. Existing neonatal simulators were designed before interest in using the NTL, and may lack fidelity in this measurement. The objective of this study is to evaluate the accuracy of the adjusted NTL formula and the Neonatal Resuscitation Program (NRP) gestational age/weight-based ETT depth chart in predicting proper endotracheal tube insertion depth in a cohort of neonatal simulators...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467005/real-time-simulation-of-soft-tissue-deformation-and-electrocautery-procedures-in-laparoscopic-rectal-cancer-radical-surgery
#14
Yuan Sui, Jun J Pan, Hong Qin, Hao Liu, Yun Lu
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic surgery (LS), also referred to as minimally invasive surgery, is a modern surgical technique which is widely applied. The fulcrum effect makes LS a non-intuitive motor skill with a steep learning curve. METHODS: A hybrid model of tetrahedrons and a multi-layer triangular mesh are constructed to simulate the deformable behavior of the rectum and surrounding tissues in the Position-Based Dynamics (PBD) framework. A heat-conduction based electric-burn technique is employed to simulate the electrocautery procedure...
May 3, 2017: International Journal of Medical Robotics + Computer Assisted Surgery: MRCAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464642/effects-of-virtual-acoustics-on-dynamic-auditory-distance-perception
#15
Atul Rungta, Nicholas Rewkowski, Roberta Klatzky, Ming Lin, Dinesh Manocha
Sound propagation encompasses various acoustic phenomena including reverberation. Current virtual acoustic methods ranging from parametric filters to physically accurate solvers can simulate reverberation with varying degrees of fidelity. The effects of reverberant sounds generated using different propagation algorithms on acoustic distance perception are investigated. In particular, two classes of methods for real time sound propagation in dynamic scenes based on parametric filters and ray tracing are evaluated...
April 2017: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461236/-learning-the-gynecological-examination-on-low-fidelity-simulation-impact-on-the-feelings-of-medical-students
#16
J Hugon-Rodin, C Sonigo, D Drummond, M Grynberg, T Rodin, G Plu-Bureau, A Tesniere
OBJECTIVES: The use of anatomic model is particularly suitable for teaching gynecological examination. Although simulation training was proved to be effective in improving medical students' technical skills, its interest in reducing their apprehension about pelvic examination was poorly evaluated. The aim of the present study was to evaluate low-fidelity simulation sessions to reduce the discomfort and apprehension of medical students towards gynecological examination. The secondary objective was to appreciate student satisfaction with these sessions...
May 2017: Gynecologie, Obstetrique, Fertilite & Senologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459259/using-standardized-patients-as-a-means-of-training-and-evaluating-behavioral-health-consultants-in-primary-care
#17
Neftali Serrano, Travis A Cos, Suzanne Daub, Natalie Levkovich
INTRODUCTION: The Health Federation of Philadelphia, which hosts a network of Behavioral Health Consultants (BHC) operating within the Primary Care Behavioral Health model (PCBH), identified a need to systematically evaluate PCBH model fidelity and to rigorously evaluate the competency assessment process to further their workforce development. A simulated patient exercise was developed for evaluating BHC PCBH specific competencies. METHOD: A simulated BHC encounter was held at a clinical learning center using standardized patients, repeated twice over 2 years...
May 1, 2017: Families, Systems & Health: the Journal of Collaborative Family Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457876/comparative-analysis-of-simulated-versus-live-patient-based-fast-focused-assessment-with-sonography-for-trauma-training
#18
Yen-Yi Juo, Chi Quach, Jonathan Hiatt, O Joe Hines, Areti Tillou, Sigrid Burruss
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether simulated patient (SP)-based training has comparable efficacy as live patient (LP)-based training in teaching Focused Abdominal Sonography for Trauma (FAST) knowledge and skill competencies to surgical residents. DESIGN: A randomized pretest/intervention/posttest controlled study design was employed to compare the participants' performance in written and practical examinations regarding FAST examination after SP-based versus LP-based training...
April 28, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457502/high-fidelity-simulation-who-has-the-most-impressive-laboratory
#19
EDITORIAL
M Raurell-Torredà, R Gómez-Ibañez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Enfermería Intensiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456053/simulation-based-training-for-nurses-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
REVIEW
Pål A Hegland, Hege Aarlie, Hilde Strømme, Gro Jamtvedt
BACKGROUND: Simulation-based training is a widespread strategy to improve health-care quality. However, its effect on registered nurses has previously not been established in systematic reviews. The aim of this systematic review is to evaluate effect of simulation-based training on nurses' skills and knowledge. METHODS: We searched CDSR, DARE, HTA, CENTRAL, CINAHL, MEDLINE, Embase, ERIC, and SveMed+ for randomised controlled trials (RCT) evaluating effect of simulation-based training among nurses...
April 19, 2017: Nurse Education Today
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