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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905492/high-fidelity-computational-simulation-of-thrombus-formation-in-thoratec-heartmate-ii-continuous-flow-ventricular-assist-device
#1
Wei-Tao Wu, Fang Yang, Jingchun Wu, Nadine Aubry, Mehrdad Massoudi, James F Antaki
Continuous flow ventricular assist devices (cfVADs) provide a life-saving therapy for severe heart failure. However, in recent years, the incidence of device-related thrombosis (resulting in stroke, device-exchange surgery or premature death) has been increasing dramatically, which has alarmed both the medical community and the FDA. The objective of this study was to gain improved understanding of the initiation and progression of thrombosis in one of the most commonly used cfVADs, the Thoratec HeartMate II...
December 1, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901081/driving-a-superconductor-to-insulator-transition-with-random-gauge-fields
#2
H Q Nguyen, S M Hollen, J Shainline, J M Xu, J M Valles
Typically the disorder that alters the interference of particle waves to produce Anderson localization is potential scattering from randomly placed impurities. Here we show that disorder in the form of random gauge fields that act directly on particle phases can also drive localization. We present evidence of a superfluid bose glass to insulator transition at a critical level of this gauge field disorder in a nano-patterned array of amorphous Bi islands. This transition shows signs of metallic transport near the critical point characterized by a resistance , indicative of a quantum phase transition...
November 30, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899836/impact-of-an-advanced-cardiac-life-support-simulation-laboratory-experience-on-pharmacy-student-confidence-and-knowledge
#3
Whitney D Maxwell, Phillip L Mohorn, Jason S Haney, Cynthia M Phillips, Z Kevin Lu, Kimberly Clark, Alex Corboy, Kelly R Ragucci
Objective. To assess the impact of an advanced cardiac life support (ACLS) simulation on pharmacy student confidence and knowledge. Design. Third-year pharmacy students participated in a simulation experience that consisted of team roles training, high-fidelity ACLS simulations, and debriefing. Students completed a pre/postsimulation confidence and knowledge assessment. Assessment. Overall, student knowledge assessment scores and student confidence scores improved significantly. Student confidence and knowledge changes from baseline were not significantly correlated...
October 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899826/an-elective-course-in-cardiovascular-electrophysiology-for-pharmacy-learners
#4
Diptiman D Bose
Objective. To implement an integrated, comprehensive, and learner-centered elective course focused at exposing learners to the interpretation of electrocardiograms and highlighting the mechanisms underlining the abnormal electrophysiological events. Design. Learners were presented with foundational information on the mechanisms underlying electrophysiological changes associated with the development of arrhythmias. They then discussed the interpretation of electrocardiogram (ECG) recordings and diagnosis of cardiovascular events...
October 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898663/as-simple-as-possible-but-not-simpler-exploring-the-fidelity-of-coarse-grained-protein-models-for-simulated-force-spectroscopy
#5
Mona Habibi, Jörg Rottler, Steven S Plotkin
Mechanical unfolding of a single domain of loop-truncated superoxide dismutase protein has been simulated via force spectroscopy techniques with both all-atom (AA) models and several coarse-grained models having different levels of resolution: A Gō model containing all heavy atoms in the protein (HA-Gō), the associative memory, water mediated, structure and energy model (AWSEM) which has 3 interaction sites per amino acid, and a Gō model containing only one interaction site per amino acid at the Cα position (Cα-Gō)...
November 2016: PLoS Computational Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885821/exploring-simulation-in-the-internal-medicine-clerkship
#6
Brian Kwan, Glory Bui, Paul Jain, Nilesh Shah, Derek Juang
BACKGROUND: Simulation-based medical education has been shown to produce substantial educational benefits; however, the integration and effectiveness of high-fidelity simulation within the internal medicine (IM) clerkship remains largely unexplored. Investigators sought to determine the effectiveness of simulation in improving student confidence in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and the Advanced Cardiac Life Support (ACLS) curriculum. Secondary goals included examining student perceptions of the role of simulation in medical education...
November 25, 2016: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882788/why-we-need-more-research-into-interprofessional-education
#7
Marian Traynor, Despina Galanouli, John Gardner, Richard Corry
Interprofessional education (IPE) has long been considered an important means of improving communication and interaction between health professionals and of addressing patient safety concerns. This study aimed to explore whether a high-fidelity (HF) simulator could enhance a postgraduate IPE session on team-working and communication skills. A convenience sample of six doctors and six nurses, all recently qualified and working in an acute care setting, participated in teams of one nurse and one doctor in a typical clinical case scenario using a HF simulator...
November 24, 2016: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882523/simulation-in-undergraduate-psychiatry-exploring-the-depth-of-learner-engagement
#8
REVIEW
Petal S Abdool, Latika Nirula, Sarah Bonato, Tarek K Rajji, Ivan L Silver
OBJECTIVES: Simulation-based methodologies are increasingly used in undergraduate medical education to expand students' exposure to complex clinical scenarios. Engagement of students in these simulation-based methodologies is a key determinant of their success in learning. Thus, the authors conducted a systematic review to (1) identify simulation methods in use within the undergraduate psychiatry curriculum and (2) assess learner engagement using these methods. METHODS: Following a PRISMA methodology, the authors searched MEDLINE, ERIC, and PsychINFO databases from 1977 to 2015...
November 23, 2016: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876370/non-linear-rotation-free-shell-finite-element-models-for-aortic-heart-valves
#9
Anvar Gilmanov, Henryk Stolarski, Fotis Sotiropoulos
Hyperelastic material models have been incorporated in the rotation-free, large deformation, shell finite element (FE) formulation of (Stolarski et al., 2013) and applied to dynamic simulations of aortic heart valve. Two models used in the past in analysis of such problem i.e. the Saint-Venant and May-Newmann-Yin (MNY) material models have been considered and compared. Uniaxial tests for those constitutive equations were performed to verify the formulation and implementation of the models. The issue of leaflets interactions during the closing of the heart valve at the end of systole is considered...
November 14, 2016: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875384/improving-nursing-communication-skills-in-an-intensive-care-unit-using-simulation-and-nursing-crew-resource-management-strategies-an-implementation-project
#10
Carman Turkelson, Michelle Aebersold, Richard Redman, Dana Tschannen
Effective interprofessional communication is critical to patient safety. This pre-/postimplementation project used a multifaceted educational strategy with high-fidelity simulation to introduce evidence-based communication tools, adapted from Nursing Crew Resource Management, to intensive care unit nurses. Results indicated that participants were satisfied with the education, and their perceptions of interprofessional communication and knowledge improved. Teams (n = 16) that used the communication tools during simulation were more likely to identify the problem, initiate key interventions, and have positive outcomes...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Nursing Care Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874843/high-fidelity-simulation-experience-in-emergency-settings-doctors-and-nurses-satisfaction-levels
#11
Diletta Calamassi, Tiziana Nannelli, Andrea Guazzini, Laura Rasero, Stefano Bambi
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE WORK: Lots of studies describe High Fidelity Simulation (HFS) as an experience well-accepted by the learners. This study has explored doctors and nurses satisfaction levels during HFS sessions, searching the associations with the setting of simulation events (simulation center or on the field simulation). Moreover, we studied the correlation between HFS experience satisfaction levels and the socio-demographic features of the participants. METHODS: Mixed method study, using the Satisfaction of High-Fidelity Simulation Experience (SESAF) questionnaire through an online survey...
November 22, 2016: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871594/obstetric-team-simulation-program-challenges
#12
A S Bullough, S Wagner, T Boland, T P Waters, K Kim, W Adams
OBJECTIVE: To describe the challenges associated with the development and assessment of an obstetric emergency team simulation program. DESIGN: The goal was to develop a hybrid, in-situ and high fidelity obstetric emergency team simulation program that incorporated weekly simulation sessions on the labor and delivery unit, and quarterly, education protected sessions in the simulation center. All simulation sessions were video-recorded and reviewed. SETTING: Labor and delivery unit and simulation center...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867134/residual-anxiety-after-high-fidelity-simulation-in-anaesthesiology-an-observational-prospective-pilot-study
#13
Jean-Noël Evain, Lana Zoric, Laurent Mattatia, Olivier Picard, Jacques Ripart, Philippe Cuvillon
BACKGROUND: High fidelity simulation (HFS) in anaesthesiology intentionally provides stress on students, but anxiety may be detrimental if it goes on through debriefing. The primary goal of this study was to estimate the proportion of students with significant anxiety remaining after debriefing (Residual Anxiety: RA). Secondary goals were to evaluate the instructors' ability to estimate students' RA and to identify potential risk factors for high RA. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Following IRB approval and informed consent, data from a cohort of subjects were prospectively collected by an independent expert...
November 17, 2016: Anaesthesia, Critical Care & Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866111/high-fidelity-simulation-teaching-end-of-life-care
#14
EDITORIAL
Peggy A Shaw, Miriam A Abbott
The American Nurses Association, American Association of Colleges of Nursing, and the Institute of Medicine of the National Academies are unified in the position that nursing education must prepare students to coordinate and perform end-of-life (EOL) care. Yet, according to literature, undergraduate nursing education in EOL care remains inadequate. Following a review of literature indicating a need for more EOL instruction, a high-fidelity simulation activity is introduced and described. Included are guidelines for preparation, role assignment, integration of other professionals and family, and student reflection after the activity...
November 12, 2016: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865817/development-and-piloting-the-woman-centred-care-scale-wccs
#15
Susannah Brady, Fiona Bogossian, Kristen Gibbons
PROBLEM/BACKGROUND: In midwifery we espouse a woman centred care approach to practice, yet in midwifery education no valid instrument exists with which to measure the performance of these behaviours in midwifery students. AIM: To develop and validate an instrument to measure woman centred care behaviours in midwifery students. METHOD: We identified four core concepts; woman's sphere, holism, self-determination and the shared power relationship...
November 16, 2016: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863530/performances-of-low-level-hospital-health-caregivers-after-a-neonatal-resuscitation-course
#16
Giuseppe De Bernardo, Desirée Sordino, Francesco Cavallin, Veronica Mardegan, Nicoletta Doglioni, Maria Luisa Tataranno, Daniele Trevisanuto
BACKGROUND: High fidelity simulation has been executed to allow the evaluation of technical and non-technical skills of health caregivers. Our objective was to assess technical and non-technical performances of low level hospitals health caregivers who attended a Neonatal Resuscitation course using high fidelity simulation in a standard-setting scenario. METHODS: Twenty-three volunteers were asked to manage a simple scenario (infant with secondary apnea) after the course...
November 18, 2016: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27851217/1582-high-fidelity-simulation-in-a-clinical-care-unit-is-feasible-and-safe
#17
Sarah Murray, Maria Serio-Melvin, Sena Veazey, Thomas Kai, Heather Delaney, Jose Salinas, Christopher Nemeth, Jeremy Pamplin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27851199/1564-analysis-of-pediatric-trauma-in-a-combat-zone-to-inform-high-fidelity-simulation-training
#18
Patrick Reeves, Elizabeth Mann-Salinas, Jennifer Gurney, Zsolt Stockinger, Tuan Le, Matthew Borgman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27850566/928-inclusion-of-high-fidelity-simulation-training-in-a-critical-care-nursing-internship
#19
Bryan Boling, Melanie Hardin-Pierce, Lynne Jensen, Zaki-Udin Hassan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27850069/429-new-educational-course-on-ultrasound-in-critical-care-impact-of-using-high-fidelity-simulators
#20
Takamitsu Kodama, Eiji Kawamoto
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care Medicine
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