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Katarzyna Sterkowicz-Przybycien, Emanuela Gualdi-Russo
INTRODUCTION: Studies on the anthropometric characteristics of athletes have a long history, but there are no published reviews on the somatotype of artistic gymnasts. Practitioners and professional coaches can gain guidance from improved understanding of the ideal body constitution and the impact of high-intensity training since preadolescence on body build. The present review is designed to provide this information. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: Academic Search Complete, SPORTDiscus, Medline, Google Scholar, and ResearchGate were searched in January 2017...
April 4, 2018: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
M A M Dos Santos, A M Nevill, R Buranarugsa, S Pereira, T N Q F Gomes, A Reyes, L M Barnett, J A R Maia
Children change their body size, shape, and gross motor coordination (GMC) as they grow. Further, GMC is expected to link to changes in children's body size, physical activity (PA), and physical fitness (PF). The objective was to model GMC changes in children followed longitudinally and to investigate associations between these changes and PA and PF levels. A total of 245 children (122 girls) were observed at 6 years of age and followed annually until 9 years. A sequence of allometric models was fitted, that is, 1...
May 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
Krzysztof Buśko, Anna Pastuszak, Monika Lipińska, Marta Lipińska, Karol Gryko
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between somatotype, muscular strength, power output measured in maximal cycle ergometer exercise bouts, and maximal power output and height of rise of the body mass centre (jump height) measured in akimbo counter movement jump (ACMJ), counter movement jump (CMJ) and spike jump (SPJ), in male basketball players. METHODS: Thirteen male basketball players (second division, age 19.4 ± 0.8 years, body height 192...
2017: Acta of Bioengineering and Biomechanics
Nikiforos Giannopoulos, George Vagenas, Konstantinos Noutsos, Karolina Barzouka, Nikolaos Bergeles
This study investigated the relationship between somatotype, level of competition, and performance in attack in elite level male volleyball players. The objective was to test for the potential covariation of competition level (Division A1 vs. A2) and playing position (hitters vs. centers vs. opposites) considering performance in attack. Anthropometric, body composition and somatotype variables were measured according to the Heath-Carter method. The attack actions of 144 players from 48 volleyball matches were analyzed and their performance was rated using a 5-point numerical scale...
September 2017: Journal of Human Kinetics
Víctor Cárdenas-Fernández, José Luis Chinchilla-Minguet, Alfonso Castillo-Rodríguez
Soccer players undergo an evolution in their body composition throughout the growth and passage through the different base stages, that is, childhood, puberty and adolescence. The aim of this study was to analyze the morphology and body composition of U14, U16, and U19 soccer players, taking into account in addition, their sport success endorsed through the regularity participation and their relation with the different playing positions occupied during competition (goalkeeper, external defender, central defender, midfielder and forward/extreme)...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Cristóbal Sánchez-Muñoz, José J Muros, Mikel Zabala
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to describe the anthropometric profile of male Olympic cross country (XCO) mountain bikers. METHODS: Fifty one XCO bikers participated in this study, divided into an elite group who competed in top level international competitions, and a non-elite group who competed at a national level. The elite group was further classified according to whether they had been world or Olympic champion mountain bikers (WOC) or not (NWOC). The anthropometric profiles included the measurements of height, weight, arm span, skinfolds, girths, and breadths...
April 28, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
M Milić, Z Grgantov, K Chamari, L P Ardigò, A Bianco, J Padulo
The aim of our study was to determine the differences in some anthropometric and physical performance variables of young Croatian female volleyball players (aged 13 to 15) in relation to playing position (i.e., independent variable) and performance level within each position (i.e., independent variable). Players were categorized according to playing position (i.e., role) as middle blockers (n=28), opposite hitters (n=41), passer-hitters (n=54), setters (n=30), and liberos (n=28). Within each position, players were divided into a more successful group and a less successful group according to team ranking in the latest regional championship and player quality within the team...
March 2017: Biology of Sport
Petra Zaletel, Damir Sekulić, Nataša Zenić, Michael R Esco, Dorica Šajber, Miran Kondrič
OBJECTIVES: This study has aimed at identifying prevalence of injury-occurrence in 24 pre-professional-ballet-dancers (females, 16-18 years of age), and identifying the associations between the body-built and prevalence of injuries. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The sample of variables included: body mass, body height, and 3 somatotype characteristics (mesomorph, ectomorph and endomorph) and data on injuries over the preceding year. RESULTS: Dancers were mostly ectomorphic-mesomorph (endomorphy: 2...
February 21, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
Jeffrey Lee-Heidenreich, David Lee-Heidenreich, Jonathan Myers
BACKGROUND: Several studies have demonstrated that body habitus is associated with survival (life expectancy) time. We sought to determine if survival differed between elite athletes with a range of body types. We hypothesized that the survival would differ between athlete types and that ectomorph athletes would have longer survival than heavier athletes. METHODS: For each Olympics between 1928 and 1948 we identified the top (up to 20) Olympic male and female finishers in the high jump (HJ), discus throw, marathon, and 100-m run...
2017: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation
Leonardo V Andreato, Jonatas Fs Santos, João Vdc Esteves, Valeria Lg Panissa, Ursula F Julio, Emerson Franchini
This study analysed the physiological, nutritional and performance profiles of athletes practicing Brazilian jiu-jitsu. To this end, 15 athletes that practiced Brazilian jiu-jitsu (aged: 28 ± 5 years; 8 brown belts and 7 black belts; training experience: 11 ± 4 years) underwent anthropometric measurements (body composition and somatotype), dietary evaluation (24 h recall) and physical fitness tests (movement time, dynamometer handgrip, kimono grip strength, vertical jump and sit-and-reach tests). The athletes had 12...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Human Kinetics
Adam S Gale-Watts, Alan M Nevill
The aim of the present study was to identify whether the relative shape and size characteristics of elite male tennis players have changed over time, and in addition whether any anthropometric parameters characterise the more successful players in Grand Slam tournaments. The height and body mass of the players qualifying for the first round in all four Grand Slam tennis tournaments during the period 1982-2011 was obtained, and successful players defined arbitrarily as those reaching round 3 or beyond. Body mass index (BMI) and the reciprocal ponderal index (RPI) were used as our measures of body shape...
November 2016: European Journal of Sport Science
Marta Bon, Primoz Pori, Marko Sibila
The study aimed to establish the main morphological characteristics of Slovenian junior and senior female national handball team players. Morphological characteristics of various player subgroups (goalkeepers, wings, back players and pivots) were also determined so as to establish whether they had distinct profiles. The subjects were 87 handball players who were members of the Slovenian junior and senior female national teams in the period from 2003 to 2009. A standardised anthropometric protocol was used to assess the subjects' morphological characteristics...
September 2015: Collegium Antropologicum
Débora Franco, Isabel Fragoso, Mário Andrea, Júlia Teles, Fernando Martins
OBJECTIVE: Voice quality provides information about the anatomical characteristics of the speaker. The patterns of somatotype and body composition can provide essential knowledge to characterize the individuality of voice quality. The aim of this study was to verify if there were significant differences in somatotype and body composition between normal and dysphonic speakers. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: Anthropometric measurements were taken of a sample of 72 adult participants (40 normal speakers and 32 dysphonic speakers) according to International Society for the Advancement of Kinanthropometry standards, which allowed the calculation of endomorphism, mesomorphism, ectomorphism components, body density, body mass index, fat mass, percentage fat, and fat-free mass...
January 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
Laura Guillén Rivas, Juan Mielgo-Ayuso, Aurora Norte-Navarro, Roberto Cejuela, María Dolores Cabañas, José Miguel Martínez-Sanz
INTRODUCTION: the triathlon is an endurance sport and individual that consists of three different disciplines: swimming, cycling and running. The aim of the study was to describe and analyze the anthropometric characteristics, body composition and somatotype in male college triathletes. METHODOLOGY: observational and descriptive study of anthropometric characteristics, body composition and somatotype of 39 male college athletes from 24 ± 4,5 years, participants in the championship of Spain university triathlon sprint mode (Alicante 2010), from different universities Spanish...
August 1, 2015: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
David J Starmer, Sean A Duquette, Brynne E Stainsby, Anthony M Giuliano
PURPOSE: To determine if the soft tissue compliance of the thoracic paraspinal musculature differs based on gender and body type to help create a foam human analogue mannequin to assist in the training of spinal manipulative therapy. METHODS: 54 volunteers were grouped based on their gender and body types. In the prone position, thoracic paraspinal soft tissue compliance was measured at T1, T3 T6, T9 and T12 vertebrae levels bilaterally using a tissue compliance meter...
June 2015: Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association
Ji-Woong Noh, Mee-Young Kim, Lim-Kyu Lee, Byoung-Sun Park, Seung-Min Yang, Hye-Joo Jeon, Won-Deok Lee, Ju-Hyun Kim, Jeong-Uk Lee, Taek-Yong Kwak, Tae-Hyun Lee, Ju-Young Kim, Junghwan Kim
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to investigate the somatotype and physical characteristic differences among elite youth soccer players. [Subjects and Methods] In the present study, we evaluated twenty-two Korean youth soccer players in different playing positions. The playing positions were divided into forward (FW), midfielder (MF), defender (DF), and goalkeeper (GK). The participants' lean body mass (LBM), fat free mass (FFM), fat mass (FM), and basal metabolic rate (BMR) were measured and their somatotype determined according to the Heath-Carter method...
April 2015: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Robinson Ramirez-Velez, Rodrigo Argothyd, Jose Francisco Meneses-Echavez, Maria Beatriz Sanchez-Puccini, Carlos Alejandro Lopez-Alban, Daniel Dylan Cohen
BACKGROUND: Wrestling was an important part of the ancient Olympic Games and is still one of the most popular events of the modern Olympic Games. Studies indicate that general physiologic profile of successful wrestlers is high anaerobic power and capacity, muscular strength, above average aerobic power, exceptional flexibility, fat free mass, and a mesomorphic somatotype. OBJECTIVES: The objective of the present study was to evaluate anthropometric characteristics and physical performance of elite male wrestlers...
December 2014: Asian Journal of Sports Medicine
E Handziska, Z Handziski, I Gjorgoski, M Dalip
AIM: The relationship between somatotype and cortisol and adrenocorticotropic (ACTH) hormone concentrations at rest or after exercise in adolescent soccer players at different time points throughout a soccer season is not understood. Therefore, the aim of this study was to examine the relationship between somatotype and cortisol and ACTH concentrations at rest and after exercise in adolescent soccer players at different time points during a soccer season. METHODS: During the first 4 months of the soccer season, 47 soccer players (between 15-17 years of age) were tested at three different time points including at baseline, after 6 weeks, and at the end of 4 months...
November 2015: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
Yara Lucy Fidelix, Juliane Berria, Elisa Pinheiro Ferrari, Jaelson Gonçalves Ortiz, Tiago Cetolin, Edio Luiz Petroski
The aim of this study was to identify the morphological configuration of youth athletes from professional soccer clubs and to verify their differences according to the tactical position on the field. Overall, 67 male players aged 15 to 17 years were evaluated. The examined anthropometric measurements included body mass, body height, skinfolds (triceps, subscapular, supraspinal and medial calf), girths (flexed and tensed arm and calf) and breadths (humerus and femur). For statistical purposes, analysis of variance and post hoc Bonferroni and Kruskal-Wallis tests were used...
September 29, 2014: Journal of Human Kinetics
Pallav Sengupta, Sobhana Sahoo
BACKGROUND: Reports on the cardiorespiratory fitness and body composition of male workers engaged in processing of tea leaves in factories within the tea-estates of West Bengal, under the influence of physiological workload, are quite scanty. OBJECTIVES: This cross-sectional study was conducted to evaluate morphometric characteristics based on physiological status and physical fitness of tea factory laborers who are continuously exposed to tea dust in their work environment for more than two years...
September 2014: African Health Sciences
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