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Topical ivermectin

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408046/-evaluation-of-practices-in-the-management-of-scabies-in-children
#1
M-S Lê, M-A Richard, K Baumstarck, S Hesse, C Gaudy-Marqueste, J-J Grob, S Mallet
BACKGROUND: Scabies has been on the rise in France in recent years and has posed therapeutic problems, mainly due to the withdrawal of benzyl benzoate. The objective of this study was to describe prescribing practices for scabies in children. METHODS: A national survey was conducted by means of a standardized questionnaire covering various clinical situations of scabies and the drugs used preferentially according to age, which was sent out between December 2014 and March 2015 to members of the clinical research group of the French Society of Paediatric Dermatology...
April 10, 2017: Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385424/treatment-of-human-scabies-with-oral-ivermectin-eczematous-eruptions-as-a-new-non-reported-adverse-event
#2
J Sanz-Navarro, C Feal, E Dauden
BACKGROUND: Oral ivermectin is an alternative therapy for human scabies infection due to its ease of administration and good safety profile. However, there is no definitive consensus on the optimal dosing regimen. OBJECTIVE: To describe the treatment of human scabies with different dosages of oral ivermectin and the possible adverse events. METHODS: 23 patients with human scabies were treated with oral ivermectin: 10 patients received a single oral dose of 200μg/kg and 13 a dose of 400μg/kg...
April 3, 2017: Actas Dermo-sifiliográficas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384914/orbital-myiasis-with-scalp-pediculosis-and-buccal-abscess-an-uncommon-presentation
#3
Nidhi Kaeley, Rajeev Mohan Kaushik, Richa Rajput, Renu Dhasmana, Anurag Bhargava
We present a case of severe orbital myiasis caused by Osteris ovis, also known as sheep nasal botfly which is an uncommon manifestation of maggot infestation. Our patient was successfully treated with oral as well as topical ivermectin. The experience of ivermectin as an anti-parasitic agent in the treatment of orbital myiasis, although a known entity, is still limited among medical professionals including ophthalmologists. Thus, we would like to highlight the role of oral ivermectin as an anti-parasitic agent in the treatment of orbital myiasis facilitating the removal of maggots; thus, precluding the need for exploratory surgery...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329606/clinical-applications-of-topical-ivermectin-in-dermatology
#4
Omid Zargari, Nessa Aghazadeh, Fatemeh Moeineddin
Ivermectin (IVM) is a broad-spectrum anti-parasitic drug with significant anti-inflammatory properties. The emergence of treatment resistance to lindane, permethrin, and possibly malathion complicates the global strategy for management of common parasitic skin diseases such as scabies and head lice. In this regard. IVM has been safely and effectively used in the treatment of these common human infestations. In addition, IVM may be useful in inflammatory cutaneous disorders such as papulopustular rosacea where demodex may play a role in pathogenesis...
September 15, 2016: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326184/unilateral-demodicidosis-of-face-mimicking-hansens-disease
#5
Deepak Vashisht, Jatinder Singh, Sukriti Baveja, Rohit Tiwari, Anuj Bhatnagar
Demodicosis is a common parasitic infection of the hair follicles and the pilosebaceous unit by the Demodex mites viz. Demodex folliculorum and Demodex brevis. Infection by this parasite is common among immunocompromised and elderly. We report a case of facial Demodicosis which presented like atypical rosacea with a gradually progressing swelling and redness on right side of face which was initially diagnosed as a case of Hansen's disease. Skin biopsy revealed follicular dilatation with presence of Demodex mite along with intense perifollicular lymphomononuclear infiltrate...
June 15, 2016: Dermatology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243927/topical-treatment-of-rosacea-with-ivermectin-inhibits-gene-expression-of-cathelicidin-innate-immune-mediators-ll-37-and-klk5-in-reconstructed-and-ex-vivo-skin-models
#6
Séverine Thibaut de Ménonville, Carine Rosignoli, Estelle Soares, Manon Roquet, Béatrice Bertino, Jean-Paul Chappuis, Claire Defoin-Platel/Chaussade, David Piwnica
INTRODUCTION: Numerous intrinsic and extrinsic factors have been associated with the pathophysiology of rosacea, including dysregulation of innate immunity. A high level of cathelicidin antimicrobial peptides (e.g., LL-37) has been shown in the facial skin of patients with rosacea. Excessive production of both LL-37 and KLK5, the serine protease responsible for its cleavage, has been suggested to play a role in the pathophysiology of rosacea. Ivermectin 10 mg/g cream, indicated for the treatment of inflammatory lesions of rosacea, is reported to have dual anti-parasitic and anti-inflammatory properties...
February 27, 2017: Dermatology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078983/cutaneous-larva-migrans
#7
Alexander K C Leung, Benjamin Barankin, Kam Lun Hon
BACKGROUND: Cutaneous larva migrans is one of the most common skin diseases reported in travelers returning from tropical regions. Western physicians, however, are often not familiar of this condition. OBJECTIVE: To review in depth the epidemiology, pathophysiology, clinical manifestations, complications, and treatment of cutaneous larva migrans. METHODS: A PubMed search was completed in Clinical Queries using the key term "cutaneous larva migrans"...
January 10, 2017: Recent Patents on Inflammation & Allergy Drug Discovery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063594/-scabies-of-the-nail-unit-in-an-infant
#8
A Finon, G Desoubeaux, M Nadal, G Georgescou, R Baran, A Maruani
BACKGROUND: There are no guidelines regarding the management of scabies in infants and recurrence is common at this age. We report the case of an infant with subungual hyperkeratosis and ungual lesions subsequent to classic scabies. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A 7-month-girl, treated 6 weeks earlier with esdepallethrin for scabies, consulted for acquired lesions on 3 toe nails. These nails were thickened and displayed subungual hyperkeratosis. Physical examination of the skin, the finger nails and mucous membranes was otherwise normal...
January 4, 2017: Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062820/epidemiology-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-scabies-in-a-dermatology-office
#9
Kathryn L Anderson, Lindsay C Strowd
BACKGROUND: Scabies is a neglected skin disease, and little is known about current incidence and treatment patterns in the United States. The purpose of this study was to examine demographic data, treatment types, success of treatment, and misdiagnosis rate of scabies in an outpatient dermatology clinic. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of patients diagnosed with scabies within the past 5 years was performed. RESULTS: A total of 459 charts were identified, with 428 meeting inclusion criteria...
January 2017: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052336/topical-ivermectin-improves-allergic-skin-inflammation
#10
E Ventre, A Rozières, V Lenief, F Albert, P Rossio, L Laoubi, D Dombrowicz, B Staels, L Ulmann, V Julia, E Vial, A Jomard, F Hacini-Rachinel, J-F Nicolas, M Vocanson
BACKGROUND: Ivermectin (IVM) is widely used in both human and veterinary medicine to treat parasitic infections. Recent reports have suggested that IVM could also have anti-inflammatory properties. METHODS: Here, we investigated the activity of IVM in a murine model of atopic dermatitis (AD) induced by repeated exposure to the allergen Dermatophagoides farinae, and in standard cellular immunological assays. RESULTS: Our results show that topical IVM improved allergic skin inflammation by reducing the priming and activation of allergen-specific T cells, as well as the production of inflammatory cytokines...
January 4, 2017: Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998311/disseminated-tungiasis-in-a-78-year-old-woman-from-tanzania-a-case-report
#11
Pedro Pallangyo, Paulina Nicholaus
BACKGROUND: Tungiasis is one of the neglected tropical diseases; it affects up to 40% of individuals living in societies with poor housing and sanitation standards. In endemic areas, Tunga infestation, which predominantly affects the periungual areas of the lower limbs in humans, is associated with considerable morbidity and poor quality of life. CASE PRESENTATION: A 78-year-old woman of African descent presented with pain, inflammation, suppuration, ulceration, and deformation of digits of all four limbs...
December 20, 2016: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988991/egfri-induced-papulopustular-rosacea-like-rash-successfully-treated-with-topical-ivermectin
#12
S Käser, C Ruini, M Ezmerli, T V Braunmühl, D Hartmann, T Ruzicka, M Reinholz
A 63-year-old Caucasian man presented with a three weeks history of multiple erythematous, rosacea-like, facial and thoracic papules and pustules. No mucosal lesions were present. The patient received a combined therapy for metastatic colon carcinoma with cetuximab 500 mg/m²/week plus capecitabine 500 mg/week; just after the onset he developed the papulopustular rash first on his face with subsequent expansion to the thorax (figure 1, A, B). This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
December 18, 2016: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976437/monitoring-structural-changes-in-demodex-mites-under-topical-ivermectin-in-rosacea-by-means-of-reflectance-confocal-microscopy-a-case-series
#13
LETTER
C Ruini, E Sattler, D Hartmann, M Reinholz, T Ruzicka, T von Braunmühl
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 15, 2016: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974144/the-treatment-of-scabies
#14
Corinna Dressler, Stefanie Rosumeck, Cord Sunderkötter, Ricardo Niklas Werner, Alexander Nast
BACKGROUND: Scabies is a contagious infestation transmitted by skin-to-skin contact and sometimes by contact with contaminated material. The scabies mite burrows into the skin, producing a papular rash and severe itch at typical sites of predilection. METHODS: We systematically reviewed the literature to compare the efficacy of various anti-scabies agents, including a calculation of relative risks and confidence intervals. RESULTS: A literature search yielded 596 initial hits; after screening in accor-dance with the defined inclusion and exclusion criteria, 16 studies were selected for this review...
November 14, 2016: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879074/s1-guidelines-on-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-scabies-short-version
#15
Cord Sunderkötter, Hermann Feldmeier, Regina Fölster-Holst, Bertram Geisel, Sabine Klinke-Rehbein, Alexander Nast, Sandra Philipp, Bernhardt Sachs, Julia Stingl, Johanna Stoevesandt, Henning Hamm
The goals of this German guideline are the improvement of diagnosis and therapy of scabies, the implementation of a coordinated action in outbreaks of scabies, and the control of this infestation in large migration or refugee flows.Sarcoptes scabiei var. hominis is transmitted by direct skin-to-skin contact of sufficient duration. The infectivity of female mites when removed from patients does not exceed 48 hours at room temperature (21°C) and relative humidity of 40-80%. The risk of infection rises proportionally to the number of mites on the skin and is particularly high in crusted scabies...
November 2016: Journal der Deutschen Dermatologischen Gesellschaft, Journal of the German Society of Dermatology: JDDG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869379/rosacea-management-update-on-general-measures-and-topical-treatment-options
#16
M Schaller, H Schöfer, B Homey, M Hofmann, U Gieler, P Lehmann, T A Luger, T Ruzicka, M Steinhoff
Although there is presently no cure for rosacea, there are several recommended treatment options available to control many of the symptoms and to prevent them from getting worse. In addition to self-help measures like avoidance of trigger factors and proper skin care, rosacea management should include topical medications as one of the first-line choices for patients with erythematous and mild to severe papulopustular rosacea. Since mixed forms of characteristic rosacea symptoms are more common, medical treatment must be symptom-tailored for each individual case and will often involve a combination therapy...
December 2016: Journal der Deutschen Dermatologischen Gesellschaft, Journal of the German Society of Dermatology: JDDG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866866/assessment-of-oral-ivermectin-versus-shampoo-in-the-treatment-of-pediculosis-head-lice-infestation-in-rural-areas-of-sine-saloum-senegal
#17
Hamza Leulmi, Georges Diatta, Cheikh Sokhna, Jean-Marc Rolain, Didier Raoult
Reports of treatment failure and the emergence of resistance to topical head lice treatments have become increasingly common, driving the need for continued development of new therapeutic options for pediculosis. Ivermectin has been proposed as a potential alternative for the treatment of pediculosis but has not been sufficiently evaluated. In this study, the effectiveness of oral ivermectin versus shampoo in the treatment of pediculosis in Senegal was compared. The study was conducted in two neighbouring villages of Sine-Saloum, Senegal: Dielmo (ivermectin trial group; 201 female participants) and Ndiop (shampoo trial group; 239 female participants)...
December 2016: International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843919/rosacea-management
#18
REVIEW
Manal Abokwidir, Steven R Feldman
BACKGROUND: Rosacea is a chronic inflammatory skin condition associated with four distinct subtypes: erythematotelangiectatic, papulopustular, phymatous, and ocular. PURPOSE: To review the different kinds of management for all subtypes. METHODS: We divided rosacea management into three main categories: patient education, skin care, and pharmacological/procedural interventions. RESULTS: Flushing is better prevented rather than treated, by avoiding specific triggers, decreasing transepidermal water loss by moisturizers, and blocking ultraviolet light...
September 2016: Skin Appendage Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743408/pharmacokinetics-of-ivermectin-applied-topically-by-whole-body-bathing-method-in-healthy-volunteers
#19
Atsushi Miyajima, Takashi Hirota, Mari Tashiro, Wataru Noguchi, Yayoi Kawano, Takehisa Hanawa, Akira Kigure, Taichi Anata, Yosuke Yamamoto, Nae Yuasa, Machi Koshino, Yumi Shiraishi, Kaoru Yuzawa, Keita Akagi, Takashi Yoshimasu, Kuniko Makigami, Masayo Komoda
As a novel administration method of ivermectin (IVM) for scabies treatment, we proposed a "whole-body bathing method (WBBM)". In this method, the patients would bathe themselves in a bathing fluid containing IVM at an effective concentration. Previously, we demonstrated that WBBM could deliver IVM to the skin but not to the plasma in rats. In the present study, to assess the clinical validity of the method an arm bathing examination (first trial) and a whole-body bathing examination (second trial) were conducted in healthy volunteers...
October 15, 2016: Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27732588/preclinical-study-of-single-dose-moxidectin-a-new-oral-treatment-for-scabies-efficacy-safety-and-pharmacokinetics-compared-to-two-dose-ivermectin-in-a-porcine-model
#20
Charlotte Bernigaud, Fang Fang, Katja Fischer, Anne Lespine, Ludwig Serge Aho, Dominique Dreau, Andrew Kelly, Jean-François Sutra, Francis Moreau, Thomas Lilin, Françoise Botterel, Jacques Guillot, Olivier Chosidow
BACKGROUND: Scabies is one of the commonest dermatological conditions globally; however it is a largely underexplored and truly neglected infectious disease. Foremost, improvement in the management of this public health burden is imperative. Current treatments with topical agents and/or oral ivermectin (IVM) are insufficient and drug resistance is emerging. Moxidectin (MOX), with more advantageous pharmacological profiles may be a promising alternative. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Using a porcine scabies model, 12 pigs were randomly assigned to receive orally either MOX (0...
October 2016: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
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