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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078983/cutaneous-larva-migrans
#1
Alexander K C Leung, Benjamin Barankin, Kam Lun Hon
BACKGROUND: Cutaneous larva migrans is one of the most common skin diseases reported in travelers returning from tropical regions. Western physicians, however, are often not familiar of this condition. OBJECTIVE: To review in depth the epidemiology, pathophysiology, clinical manifestations, complications, and treatment of cutaneous larva migrans. METHODS: A PubMed search was completed in Clinical Queries using the key term "cutaneous larva migrans"...
January 10, 2017: Recent Patents on Inflammation & Allergy Drug Discovery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063594/-scabies-of-the-nail-unit-in-an-infant
#2
A Finon, G Desoubeaux, M Nadal, G Georgescou, R Baran, A Maruani
BACKGROUND: There are no guidelines regarding the management of scabies in infants and recurrence is common at this age. We report the case of an infant with subungual hyperkeratosis and ungual lesions subsequent to classic scabies. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A 7-month-girl, treated 6 weeks earlier with esdepallethrin for scabies, consulted for acquired lesions on 3 toe nails. These nails were thickened and displayed subungual hyperkeratosis. Physical examination of the skin, the finger nails and mucous membranes was otherwise normal...
January 4, 2017: Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062820/epidemiology-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-scabies-in-a-dermatology-office
#3
Kathryn L Anderson, Lindsay C Strowd
BACKGROUND: Scabies is a neglected skin disease, and little is known about current incidence and treatment patterns in the United States. The purpose of this study was to examine demographic data, treatment types, success of treatment, and misdiagnosis rate of scabies in an outpatient dermatology clinic. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of patients diagnosed with scabies within the past 5 years was performed. RESULTS: A total of 459 charts were identified, with 428 meeting inclusion criteria...
January 2017: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052336/topical-ivermectin-improves-allergic-skin-inflammation
#4
Erwan Ventre, Aurore Rozières, Vanina Lenief, Floriane Albert, Patricia Rossio, Léo Laoubi, David Dombrowicz, Bart Staels, Lauriane Ulmann, Valerie Julia, Emmanuel Vial, André Jomard, Fériel Hacini-Rachinel, Jean-François Nicolas, Marc Vocanson
BACKGROUND: Ivermectin (IVM) is widely used in both human and veterinary medicine to treat parasitic infections. Recent reports have suggested that IVM could also have anti-inflammatory properties. METHODS: Here, we investigated the activity of IVM in a murine model of atopic dermatitis (AD) induced by repeated exposure to the allergen Dermatophagoides farinae, and in standard cellular immunology assays. RESULTS: Our results show that topical IVM improved allergic skin inflammation by reducing the priming and activation of allergen-specific T cells, as well as the production of inflammatory cytokines...
January 4, 2017: Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998311/disseminated-tungiasis-in-a-78-year-old-woman-from-tanzania-a-case-report
#5
Pedro Pallangyo, Paulina Nicholaus
BACKGROUND: Tungiasis is one of the neglected tropical diseases; it affects up to 40% of individuals living in societies with poor housing and sanitation standards. In endemic areas, Tunga infestation, which predominantly affects the periungual areas of the lower limbs in humans, is associated with considerable morbidity and poor quality of life. CASE PRESENTATION: A 78-year-old woman of African descent presented with pain, inflammation, suppuration, ulceration, and deformation of digits of all four limbs...
December 20, 2016: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988991/egfri-induced-papulopustular-rosacea-like-rash-successfully-treated-with-topical-ivermectin
#6
S Käser, C Ruini, M Ezmerli, T V Braunmühl, D Hartmann, T Ruzicka, M Reinholz
A 63-year-old Caucasian man presented with a three weeks history of multiple erythematous, rosacea-like, facial and thoracic papules and pustules. No mucosal lesions were present. The patient received a combined therapy for metastatic colon carcinoma with cetuximab 500 mg/m²/week plus capecitabine 500 mg/week; just after the onset he developed the papulopustular rash first on his face with subsequent expansion to the thorax (figure 1, A, B). This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
December 18, 2016: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976437/monitoring-structural-changes-in-demodex-mites-under-topical-ivermectin-in-rosacea-by-means-of-reflectance-confocal-microscopy-a-case-series
#7
LETTER
C Ruini, E Sattler, D Hartmann, M Reinholz, T Ruzicka, T von Braunmühl
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 15, 2016: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974144/the-treatment-of-scabies
#8
Corinna Dressler, Stefanie Rosumeck, Cord Sunderkötter, Ricardo Niklas Werner, Alexander Nast
BACKGROUND: Scabies is a contagious infestation transmitted by skin-to-skin contact and sometimes by contact with contaminated material. The scabies mite burrows into the skin, producing a papular rash and severe itch at typical sites of predilection. METHODS: We systematically reviewed the literature to compare the efficacy of various anti-scabies agents, including a calculation of relative risks and confidence intervals. RESULTS: A literature search yielded 596 initial hits; after screening in accor-dance with the defined inclusion and exclusion criteria, 16 studies were selected for this review...
November 14, 2016: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879074/s1-guidelines-on-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-scabies-short-version
#9
Cord Sunderkötter, Hermann Feldmeier, Regina Fölster-Holst, Bertram Geisel, Sabine Klinke-Rehbein, Alexander Nast, Sandra Philipp, Bernhardt Sachs, Julia Stingl, Johanna Stoevesandt, Henning Hamm
The goals of this German guideline are the improvement of diagnosis and therapy of scabies, the implementation of a coordinated action in outbreaks of scabies, and the control of this infestation in large migration or refugee flows.Sarcoptes scabiei var. hominis is transmitted by direct skin-to-skin contact of sufficient duration. The infectivity of female mites when removed from patients does not exceed 48 hours at room temperature (21°C) and relative humidity of 40-80%. The risk of infection rises proportionally to the number of mites on the skin and is particularly high in crusted scabies...
November 2016: Journal der Deutschen Dermatologischen Gesellschaft, Journal of the German Society of Dermatology: JDDG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869379/rosacea-management-update-on-general-measures-and-topical-treatment-options
#10
M Schaller, H Schöfer, B Homey, M Hofmann, U Gieler, P Lehmann, T A Luger, T Ruzicka, M Steinhoff
Although there is presently no cure for rosacea, there are several recommended treatment options available to control many of the symptoms and to prevent them from getting worse. In addition to self-help measures like avoidance of trigger factors and proper skin care, rosacea management should include topical medications as one of the first-line choices for patients with erythematous and mild to severe papulopustular rosacea. Since mixed forms of characteristic rosacea symptoms are more common, medical treatment must be symptom-tailored for each individual case and will often involve a combination therapy...
December 2016: Journal der Deutschen Dermatologischen Gesellschaft, Journal of the German Society of Dermatology: JDDG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866866/assessment-of-oral-ivermectin-versus-shampoo-in-the-treatment-of-pediculosis-head-lice-infestation-in-rural-areas-of-sine-saloum-senegal
#11
Hamza Leulmi, Georges Diatta, Cheikh Sokhna, Jean-Marc Rolain, Didier Raoult
Reports of treatment failure and the emergence of resistance to topical head lice treatments have become increasingly common, driving the need for continued development of new therapeutic options for pediculosis. Ivermectin has been proposed as a potential alternative for the treatment of pediculosis but has not been sufficiently evaluated. In this study, the effectiveness of oral ivermectin versus shampoo in the treatment of pediculosis in Senegal was compared. The study was conducted in two neighbouring villages of Sine-Saloum, Senegal: Dielmo (ivermectin trial group; 201 female participants) and Ndiop (shampoo trial group; 239 female participants)...
December 2016: International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843919/rosacea-management
#12
REVIEW
Manal Abokwidir, Steven R Feldman
BACKGROUND: Rosacea is a chronic inflammatory skin condition associated with four distinct subtypes: erythematotelangiectatic, papulopustular, phymatous, and ocular. PURPOSE: To review the different kinds of management for all subtypes. METHODS: We divided rosacea management into three main categories: patient education, skin care, and pharmacological/procedural interventions. RESULTS: Flushing is better prevented rather than treated, by avoiding specific triggers, decreasing transepidermal water loss by moisturizers, and blocking ultraviolet light...
September 2016: Skin Appendage Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743408/pharmacokinetics-of-ivermectin-applied-topically-by-whole-body-bathing-method-in-healthy-volunteers
#13
Atsushi Miyajima, Takashi Hirota, Mari Tashiro, Wataru Noguchi, Yayoi Kawano, Takehisa Hanawa, Akira Kigure, Taichi Anata, Yosuke Yamamoto, Nae Yuasa, Machi Koshino, Yumi Shiraishi, Kaoru Yuzawa, Keita Akagi, Takashi Yoshimasu, Kuniko Makigami, Masayo Komoda
As a novel administration method of ivermectin (IVM) for scabies treatment, we proposed a "whole-body bathing method (WBBM)". In this method, the patients would bathe themselves in a bathing fluid containing IVM at an effective concentration. Previously, we demonstrated that WBBM could deliver IVM to the skin but not to the plasma in rats. In the present study, to assess the clinical validity of the method an arm bathing examination (first trial) and a whole-body bathing examination (second trial) were conducted in healthy volunteers...
October 15, 2016: Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27732588/preclinical-study-of-single-dose-moxidectin-a-new-oral-treatment-for-scabies-efficacy-safety-and-pharmacokinetics-compared-to-two-dose-ivermectin-in-a-porcine-model
#14
Charlotte Bernigaud, Fang Fang, Katja Fischer, Anne Lespine, Ludwig Serge Aho, Dominique Dreau, Andrew Kelly, Jean-François Sutra, Francis Moreau, Thomas Lilin, Françoise Botterel, Jacques Guillot, Olivier Chosidow
BACKGROUND: Scabies is one of the commonest dermatological conditions globally; however it is a largely underexplored and truly neglected infectious disease. Foremost, improvement in the management of this public health burden is imperative. Current treatments with topical agents and/or oral ivermectin (IVM) are insufficient and drug resistance is emerging. Moxidectin (MOX), with more advantageous pharmacological profiles may be a promising alternative. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Using a porcine scabies model, 12 pigs were randomly assigned to receive orally either MOX (0...
October 2016: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27687255/treatment-of-hookworm-related-cutaneous-larva-migrans-with-topical-ivermectin
#15
Stefano Veraldi, Luisa Angileri, Bethsabeth Abigail Parducci, Gianluca Nazzaro
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 10, 2016: Journal of Dermatological Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27658606/electron-microscopic-alterations-in-pediculus-humanus-capitis-exposed-to-some-pediculicidal-plant-extracts
#16
Dina M H El Akkad, Naglaa Saad M El-Gebaly, Hebat-Allah Salah A Yousof, Mousa A M Ismail
Head lice, Pediculus humanus capitis, infestation is an important public health problem in Egypt. Inadequate application of topical pediculicides and the increasing resistance to the commonly used pediculicides made the urgent need for the development of new agents able to induce irreversible changes in the exposed lice leading to their mortality. The aim of the present work is to evaluate pediculicidal efficacy of some natural products such as olive oil, tea tree oil, lemon juice, and ivermectin separately in comparison with tetramethrin-piperonyl butoxide (licid), as a standard pediculicide commonly used in Egypt...
August 2016: Korean Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27617938/treatment-of-rosacea-with-topical-ivermectin-cream-a-series-of-34-cases
#17
Marta Mendieta Eckert, Nerea Landa Gundin
Rosacea is a highly prevalent, chronic inflammatory disease. The use of topical ivermectin cream has recently been described in the treatment of rosacea in three clinical trials. We report our experience in a series of 34 patients treated with topical ivermectin cream. The results are a reflection of the reality of clinical practice and the perception of patients of the treatment. We also evaluate the efficacy in cases of mild rosacea and erythematotelangiectatic rosacea which have not been studied in trials...
August 15, 2016: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27595869/management-of-head-louse-infestations-in-the-united-states-a-literature-review
#18
REVIEW
Ellen Koch, John Marshall Clark, Bernard Cohen, Terri L Meinking, William G Ryan, Audrey Stevenson, Robert Yetman, Kyong Sup Yoon
UNLABELLED: Head lice are a source of scalp irritation, social disruption, and loss of school time. Health care providers need authoritative information to help avoid the costs and risks of ineffective treatment. A review was completed to provide relevant information on infestation treatments available in the United States. Three major biomedical databases were searched from 1985, when current products were first available, to 2014, focusing on U.S. REPORTS: A total of 579 references remained after duplicates were removed...
September 2016: Pediatric Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27537212/facial-dermatitis-and-rosacea
#19
Joseph F Fowler
Rosacea is a chronic skin disorder associated with flushing, erythema, dryness, burning and stinging, and inflammatory papules and pustules. New treatments available or in development target the inflammatory and erythematous components of the disease. These agents include the selective α2 receptor agonist brimonidine, the topical agents ivermectin cream 1% and azelaic acid foam 15%, and use of tetracyclinetype antibiotics, which affect the cathelicidin pathway. Semin Cutan Med Surg 35(supp6):S107-S109.
June 2016: Seminars in Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27514892/acaricidal-activity-of-oregano-oil-and-its-major-component-carvacrol-thymol-and-p-cymene-against-psoroptes-cuniculi-in-vitro-and-in-vivo
#20
Xiaofei Shang, Yu Wang, Xuzheng Zhou, Xiao Guo, Shuwei Dong, Dongsheng Wang, Jiyu Zhang, Hu Pan, Yu Zhang, Xiaolou Miao
Oregano oil possesses marked antioxidant and antimicrobial activity and is widely applied in animal husbandry. In the present study, we aimed to investigate the acaricidal activities of oregano oil and its major component, carvacrol, thymol and p-cymene against Psoroptes cuniculi in vitro and in vivo. The results revealed that oregano oil exhibited significant acaricidal effects against P. cuniculi that were dose- and time-dependent response. In in vitro test, concentrations of 0.05% and 0.02% (v/v) killed all of the mites within 1h and 6h, respectively...
August 15, 2016: Veterinary Parasitology
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