keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Airport

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318669/-impact-of-onsite-or-dispatched-automated-external-defibrillator-use-on-early-survival-after-sudden-cardiac-arrest-occurring-in-international-airports
#1
Elena Linda Garcia, Sherry Caffrey-Villari, Diomeda Ramirez, Jean-Luc Caron, Patrice Mannhart, Paul-Georges Reuter, Frederic Lapostolle, Frederic Adnet
INTRODUCTION: Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) is a major public health challenge. Use of automated external defibrillators (AED) by laypersons improves survival of patient's victim of OHCA. The aim of our study was to compare onsite AED vs. dispatched AED management of cardiac arrest occurring in international airports. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective, observational, comparative, study on data collected from three international airports: Paris-Charles-de-Gaulle (CDG), Chicago and Madrid-Barajas...
March 15, 2017: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304157/characterization-of-gas-phase-organics-using-proton-transfer-reaction-time-of-flight-mass-spectrometry-aircraft-turbine-engines
#2
Dogushan Kilic, Benjamin T Brem, Felix Klein, Imad El-Haddad, Lukas Durdina, Theo Rindlisbacher, Ari Setyan, Rujin Huang, Jing Wang, Jay G Slowik, Urs Baltensperger, Andre S H Prevot
Nonmethane organic gas emissions (NMOGs) from in-service aircraft turbine engines were investigated using a proton transfer reaction time-of-flight mass spectrometer (PTR-ToF-MS) at an engine test facility at Zurich Airport, Switzerland. Experiments consisted of 60 exhaust samples for seven engine types (used in commercial aviation) from two manufacturers at thrust levels ranging from idle to takeoff. Emission indices (EIs) for more than 200 NMOGs were quantified, and the functional group fractions (including acids, carbonyls, aromatics, and aliphatics) were calculated to characterize the exhaust chemical composition at different engine operation modes...
March 17, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290127/jumping-the-gun-faster-response-latencies-to-deceptive-questions-in-a-realistic-scenario
#3
Tessa Mapala, Lara Warmelink, Sally A Linkenauger
Most theories of lie detection assume that lying increases cognitive load, resulting in longer response latencies during questioning. However, the studies supporting this theory are typically laboratory-based, in settings with no specific validity in security contexts. Consequently, using virtual reality (VR), we investigated how response latencies were influenced in an ecologically valid environment of interest to security professionals. In a highly realistic airport security terminal presented in VR, a security officer asked participants yes/no questions about their belongings...
March 13, 2017: Psychonomic Bulletin & Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284944/citizen-sensor-networks-to-confront-government-decision-makers-two-lessons-from-the-netherlands
#4
Linda Carton, Peter Ache
This paper presents one emerging social-technical innovation: The evolution of citizen-sensor-networks where citizens organize themselves from the 'bottom up', for the sake of confronting governance officials with measured information about environmental qualities. We have observed how citizen-sensor-networks have been initiated in the Netherlands in cases where official government monitoring and business organizations leave gaps. The formed citizen-sensor-networks collect information about issues that affect the local community in their quality-of-living...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254598/management-of-war-related-ballistic-craniocerebral-injuries-in-a-french-role-3-hospital-during-the-afghan-campaign
#5
Arnaud Dagain, Olivier Aoun, Julien Bordes, Cédric Roqueplo, Christophe Joubert, Pierre Esnault, Aurore Sellier, Jean-Marc Delmas, Nicolas Desse, Mathilde Fouet, Philippe Pernot, Renaud Dulou
INTRODUCTION: France deployed to Afghanistan from 2001 to 2014 within the International Security and Assistance Force. A French role 3 hospital was built in 2009 in the vicinity of Kabul International Airport (KaIA). The objectives of this study were to describe the epidemiology, management and outcome of war-related craniocerebral injuries during the Afghan campaign in a French role 3 hospital. METHODS: From March 1, 2010 to September 30, 2012, we conducted a retrospective descriptive study in Kabul, Afghanistan...
February 27, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253656/a-model-for-the-rapid-assessment-of-the-impact-of-aviation-noise-near-airports
#6
Antonio J Torija, Rod H Self, Ian H Flindell
This paper introduces a simplified model [Rapid Aviation Noise Evaluator (RANE)] for the calculation of aviation noise within the context of multi-disciplinary strategic environmental assessment where input data are both limited and constrained by compatibility requirements against other disciplines. RANE relies upon the concept of noise cylinders around defined flight-tracks with the Noise Radius determined from publicly available Noise-Power-Distance curves rather than the computationally intensive multiple point-to-point grid calculation with subsequent ISO-contour interpolation methods adopted in the FAA's Integrated Noise Model (INM) and similar models...
February 2017: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253643/annoyance-survey-by-means-of-social-media
#7
Bruno Silva, Gustavo Santos, Rogeria Eller, Truls Gjestland
Social surveys have been the conventional means of evaluating the annoyance caused by transportation noise. Sampling and interviewing by telephone, mail, or in person are often costly and time consuming, however. Data collection by web-based survey methods are less costly and may be completed more quickly, and hence, could be conducted in countries with fewer resources. Such methods, however, raise issues about the generalizability and comparability of findings. These issues were investigated in a study of the annoyance of aircraft noise exposure around Brazil's Guarulhos Airport...
February 2017: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245933/greening-and-browning-of-the-himalaya-spatial-patterns-and-the-role-of-climatic-change-and-human-drivers
#8
Niti B Mishra, Kumar P Mainali
The reliable detection and attribution of changes in vegetation greenness is a prerequisite for the development of strategies for the sustainable management of ecosystems. We conducted a robust trend analysis on remote sensing derived vegetation index time-series matrices to detect significant changes in inter-annual vegetation productivity (greening versus browning) for the entire Himalaya, a biodiverse and ecologically sensitive yet understudied region. The spatial variability in trend was assessed considering elevation, 12 dominant land cover/use types and 10 ecoregions...
February 25, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243534/making-inference-from-wildlife-collision-data-inferring-predator-absence-from-prey-strikes
#9
Peter Caley, Geoffrey R Hosack, Simon C Barry
Wildlife collision data are ubiquitous, though challenging for making ecological inference due to typically irreducible uncertainty relating to the sampling process. We illustrate a new approach that is useful for generating inference from predator data arising from wildlife collisions. By simply conditioning on a second prey species sampled via the same collision process, and by using a biologically realistic numerical response functions, we can produce a coherent numerical response relationship between predator and prey...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218641/the-role-of-personality-traits-through-habit-and-intention-on-determining-future-preferences-of-public-transport-use
#10
Mahdi Yazdanpanah, Mansour Hadji Hosseinlou
A complex set of factors may affect transportation mode choice. While earlier studies have often considered objective factors in determining preferences of public transport use as a sustainable transportation, subjective factors such as personality traits are underexplored. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the influence of personality traits on the number of future public transport use. Additionally, "car habit" and "intention toward using public modes" were considered to be important. For this purpose, a case study from departure passengers at Imam Khomeini International Airport (IKIA, Tehran, Iran) was conducted between January and February 2015 at IKIA...
February 17, 2017: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217711/source-attribution-of-poly-and-perfluoroalkyl-substances-pfass-in-surface-waters-from-rhode-island-and-the-new-york-metropolitan-area
#11
Xianming Zhang, Rainer Lohmann, Clifton Dassuncao, Xindi C Hu, Andrea K Weber, Chad D Vecitis, Elsie M Sunderland
Exposure to poly and perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) has been associated with adverse health effects in humans and wildlife. Understanding pollution sources is essential for environmental regulation but source attribution for PFASs has been confounded by limited information on industrial releases and rapid changes in chemical production. Here we use principal component analysis (PCA), hierarchical clustering, and geospatial analysis to understand source contributions to 14 PFASs measured across 37 sites in the Northeastern United States in 2014...
September 13, 2016: Environmental Science & Technology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215013/crowded-skies-conflicts-between%C3%A2-expanding%C3%A2-goose-populations-and-aviation-safety
#12
REVIEW
David R Bradbeer, Camilla Rosenquist, Thomas Kjær Christensen, Anthony D Fox
We here review the collision risks posed by large-bodied, flocking geese to aircraft, exacerbated by recent major increases in northern hemisphere goose populations and air traffic volume. Mitigation of goose-aircraft strike risks requires knowledge of local goose movements, global goose population dynamics and ecology. Airports can minimise goose strikes by managing habitats within the airport property, applying deterrents to scare geese away and lethal control, but goose migration and movements at greater spatial scales present greater challenges...
March 2017: Ambio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214112/communicating-airport-noise-emission-data-to-the-general-public
#13
REVIEW
Luis Gasco, Cesar Asensio, Guillermo de Arcas
Despite the efforts that the aviation industry has undertaken during the last few decades, noise annoyance remains high, partly because of the continuous transport demands of modern societies and partly because of changes in citizen expectations and their growing environmental concerns. Although modern aircraft are considerably quieter than their predecessors, the number of complaints has not decreased as much as expected. Therefore, the aeronautical sector has tried more sociological and/or psychological strategies to gain acceptance through awareness and community engagement...
May 15, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210860/a-heat-vulnerability-index-to-improve-urban-public-health-management-in-san-juan-puerto-rico
#14
Pablo Méndez-Lázaro, Frank E Muller-Karger, Daniel Otis, Matthew J McCarthy, Ernesto Rodríguez
Increased frequency and length of high heat episodes are leading to more cardiovascular issues and asthmatic responses among the population of San Juan, the capital of the island of Puerto Rico, USA. An urban heat island effect, which leads to foci of higher temperatures in some urban areas, can raise heat-related mortality. The objective of this research is to map the risk of high temperature in particular locations by creating heat maps of the city of San Juan. The heat vulnerability index (HVI) maps were developed using images collected by satellite-based remote sensing combined with census data...
February 17, 2017: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166435/adverse-events-during-inter-hospital-transports-on-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation
#15
Anders Ericsson, Björn Frenckner, L Mikael Broman
BACKGROUND: Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) may be a lifesaving rescue therapy in refractory, severe respiratory, and/or circulatory failure. To provide the best cost efficiency to the population served and patient outcome, ECMO therapy should be provided by specialized high volume ECMO centers. This requires dedicated transport teams to organize and perform these complex transports. Concerning adverse events and complications during these transfers, only a minimal amount of data has been published...
February 6, 2017: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114429/congestion-pricing-for-aircraft-pushback-slot-allocation
#16
Lihua Liu, Yaping Zhang, Lan Liu, Zhiwei Xing
In order to optimize aircraft pushback management during rush hour, aircraft pushback slot allocation based on congestion pricing is explored while considering monetary compensation based on the quality of the surface operations. First, the concept of the "external cost of surface congestion" is proposed, and a quantitative study on the external cost is performed. Then, an aircraft pushback slot allocation model for minimizing the total surface cost is established. An improved discrete differential evolution algorithm is also designed...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103542/interactive-exploration-of-3d-scanned-baggage
#17
Michael Traore, Christophe Hurter
An interactive visualization system can support volumetric data exploration in airport security screenings by addressing the challenges unique to the baggage inspection. The proposed system includes a set of interaction techniques that combine the direct manipulation of voxels and their interactive visualization. The system's final tools and GUI design incorporate feedback from airport personnel and were validated by real-world users in terms of effectiveness and ease of use.
January 2017: IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100117/evaluating-the-usability-of-a-commercial-cooling-vest-in-the-hong-kong-industries
#18
Albert P Chan, Yang Yang, Wen-Fang Song
Purpose -The provision of appropriate personal cooling vests is recognized as an effective measure to combat heat stress. However, personal cooling vests are not widely implemented in the Hong Kong industries. The current study aims to evaluate the usability of a hybrid cooling vest that is associated with the success of its application in industrial settings. Materials and methods - A self-administrated questionnaire focusing on 10 subjective attributes of cooling effect, ergonomic design, and usability of a hybrid cooling vest was administered with 232 occupational workers in the construction, horticultural and cleaning, airport apron services and kitchen and catering industries...
January 19, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099658/background-noise-analysis-in-urban-airport-surroundings-of-brazilian-cities-congonhas-airport-s%C3%A3-o-paulo
#19
Fabio Scatolini, Cláudio Jorge Pinto Alves
OBJECTIVE: To perform a quantitative analysis of the background noise at Congonhas Airport surroundings based on large sampling and measurements with no interruption. METHODS: Measuring sites were chosen from 62 and 72 DNL (day-night-level) noise contours, in urban sites compatible with residential use. Fifteen sites were monitored for at least 168 hours without interruption or seven consecutive days. Data compilation was based on cross-reference between noise measurements and air traffic control records, and results were validated by airport meteorological reports...
December 22, 2016: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093314/remote-sensing-of-multiple-vital-signs-using-a-cmos-camera-equipped-infrared-thermography-system-and-its-clinical-application-in-rapidly-screening-patients-with-suspected-infectious-diseases
#20
Guanghao Sun, Yosuke Nakayama, Sumiyakhand Dagdanpurev, Shigeto Abe, Hidekazu Nishimura, Tetsuo Kirimoto, Takemi Matsui
BACKGROUND: Infrared thermography (IRT) is used to screen febrile passengers at international airports, but it suffers from low sensitivity. This study explored the application of a combined visible and thermal image processing approach that uses a CMOS camera equipped with IRT to remotely sense multiple vital signs and screen patients with suspected infectious diseases. METHODS: An IRT system that produced visible and thermal images was used for image acquisition...
February 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
keyword
keyword
4669
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"