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Tara J Conkling, Jerrold L Belant, Travis L DeVault, James A Martin
Growing concerns about climate change, foreign oil dependency, and environmental quality have fostered interest in perennial native grasses (e.g., switchgrass [Panicum virgatum]) for bioenergy production while also maintaining biodiversity and ecosystem function. However, biomass cultivation in marginal landscapes such as airport grasslands may have detrimental effects on aviation safety as well as conservation efforts for grassland birds. In 2011-2013, we investigated effects of vegetation composition and harvest frequency on seasonal species richness and habitat use of grassland birds and modeled relative abundance, aviation risk, and conservation value of birds associated with biomass crops...
March 8, 2018: Ecological Applications: a Publication of the Ecological Society of America
Han Zhong, Wei Guan, Wenyi Zhang, Shixiong Jiang, Lingling Fan
The normal studies on air traffic departure scheduling problem (DSP) mainly deal with an independent airport in which the departure traffic is not affected by surrounded airports, which, however, is not a consistent case. In reality, there still exist cases where several commercial airports are closely located and one of them possesses a higher priority. During the peak hours, the departure activities of the lower-priority airports are usually required to give way to those of higher-priority airport. These giving-way requirements can inflict a set of changes on the modeling of departure scheduling problem with respect to the lower-priority airports...
2018: PloS One
Hugo Costa Osório, Líbia Zé-Zé, Maria Neto, Sílvia Silva, Fátima Marques, Ana Sofia Silva, Maria João Alves
The Asian tiger mosquito Aedes albopictus is an invasive mosquito originating from the Asia-Pacific region. This species is of major concern to public and veterinary health because of its vector role in the transmission of several pathogens, such as chikungunya, dengue, and Zika viruses. In Portugal, a National Vector Surveillance Network (REde de VIgilância de VEctores—REVIVE) is responsible for the surveillance of autochthonous, but also invasive, mosquito species at points of entry, such as airports, ports, storage areas, and specific border regions with Spain...
April 21, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Roberto Fernandez-Maestre
Ion mobility spectrometry (IMS) is an analytical technique used for fast and sensitive detection of illegal substances in customs and airports, diagnosis of diseases through detection of metabolites in breath, fundamental studies in physics and chemistry, space exploration and many more applications. IMS separates ions in the gas-phase drifting under an electric field according to their size to charge ratio. IMS disadvantages are false positives that delay transportation, compromise patient's health and other negative issues when IMS is used for detection...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Mass Spectrometry: JMS
Mirette M Aziz, Hosnia S Abd El-Megeed, Mennat Allah M Abd Ellatif
OBJECTIVES: to assess the health seeking practices and their determinants among Umrah pilgrims departing from Assiut international Airport. METHODS: We interviewed 300 pilgrims departing from Assiut International Airport while they were in the departure lounge, using a semi-structured questionnaire. RESULTS: Only 60%, 46.3% and 46.3% of Umrah pilgrims believed in importance of pre-travel vaccination, seeking health information, and health examination, respectively...
April 22, 2018: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease
Venkata S V Botlaguduru, Raghava R Kommalapati, Ziaul Huque
The Houston-Galveston-Brazoria (HGB) area of Texas has a history of ozone exceedances and is currently classified under moderate nonattainment status for the 2008 8-hr ozone standard of 75 ppb. The HGB area is characterized by intense solar radiation, high temperature, and humidity, which influence day-to-day variations in ozone concentrations. Long-term air quality trends independent of meteorological influence need to be constructed for ascertaining the effectiveness of air quality management in this area...
April 19, 2018: Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association
Marek Michalski, Jerzy Nadolski
A long-term study on thermal conditions in selected urban and semi-natural habitats, where human corpses are likely to be found, was conducted in the city of Lodz (Central Poland). Thermal data were collected during two years at nine sites and compared with corresponding data from the nearest permanent meteorological station at Lodz Airport (ICAO code: EPLL). The conditions closest to those at the meteorological station prevailed in the deciduous forest, coefficient of determination R2 for those sets of data was above 0...
April 3, 2018: Forensic Science International
Simone Cappelletti, Alessandro Iaria, Francesco Lombardo, Giuseppe Vallone, Pasquale Vitale, Costantino Ciallella
Internal concealment and transportation of illegal substances by body packing is a major business with very high profits, attracting criminals all over the world. As body packers are rarely arrested, it is difficult to quantify their proportion in the general population and, consequently, identify the countries involved in this kind of drug traffic; as a consequence, the percentage of undetected cases is undoubtedly high. The aim of this study is to provide useful information concerning the country of origin of body packers travelling to Italy through the analysis of the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime Individual Drug Seizures Report database in the period 2010-2015...
January 1, 2018: Medico-legal Journal
Ajit C Kulkarni
Chennai metropolis has been growing rapidly. Need was felt of a metro rail system. Two corridors were planned. Corridor 1, of 23 km starting from Washermanpet to Airport. 14.3 km of this would be underground. Corridor 2, of 22 km starting from Chennai Central Railway station to St. Thomas Mount. 9.7 km of this would be underground. Occupational health centre's role involved selection of miners and assessing their fitness to work under compressed air. Planning and execution of compression and decompression, health monitoring and treatment of compression related illnesses...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Phillip Xin Cheng, Anina N Rich
In real-world searches such as airport baggage screening and radiological examinations, miss errors can be life threatening. Misses increase for additional targets after detecting an initial target, termed "subsequent search misses" (SSMs), and also when targets are more often absent than present, termed the low-prevalence effect. Real-world search tasks often contain more than one target, but the prevalence of these multitarget occasions varies. For example, a cancerous tumor sometimes coexists with a benign tumor and sometimes exists alone...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Vision
Xiaowen Yang, Shuiyuan Cheng, Gang Wang, Ran Xu, Xiaoqi Wang, Hanyu Zhang, Guolei Chen
In this study, the measurement of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) was conducted at Beijing Capital International Airport (ZBAA) and a background reference site in four seasons of 2015. Total concentrations of VOCs were 72.6 ± 9.7, 65.5 ± 8.7, 95.8 ± 11.0, and 79.2 ± 10.8 μg/m3 in winter, spring, summer, and autumn, respectively. The most abundant specie was toluene (10.1%-17.4%), followed by benzene, ethane, isopentane, ethane, acetylene, and n-butane. Seasonal variations of VOCs were analyzed, and it was found that the highest concentration occurring in summer, while the lowest in spring...
March 28, 2018: Environmental Pollution
Cathryn Tonne, Carles Milà, Daniela Fecht, Mar Alvarez, John Gulliver, James Smith, Sean Beevers, H Ross Anderson, Frank Kelly
BACKGROUND: Transport-related air and noise pollution, exposures linked to adverse health outcomes, varies within cities potentially resulting in exposure inequalities. Relatively little is known regarding inequalities in personal exposure to air pollution or transport-related noise. OBJECTIVES: Our objectives were to quantify socioeconomic and ethnic inequalities in London in 1) air pollution exposure at residence compared to personal exposure; and 2) transport-related noise at residence from different sources...
March 22, 2018: Environment International
Lauren Gardner, Sahotra Sarkar
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0072129.].
2018: PloS One
Siobhán Masterson, Bryan McNally, John Cullinan, Kimberly Vellano, Joséphine Escutnaire, David Fitzpatrick, Gavin D Perkins, Rudolph W Koster, Yuko Nakajima, Katherine Pemberton, Martin Quinn, Karen Smith, Bergþór Steinn Jónsson, Anneli Strömsöe, Meera Tandan, Akke Vellinga
BACKGROUND: The highest achievable survival rate following out-of-hospital cardiac arrest is unknown. Data from airports serving international destinations (international airports) provide the opportunity to evaluate the success of pre-hospital resuscitation in a relatively controlled but real-life environment. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study included all cases of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest at international airports with resuscitation attempted between January 1st, 2013 and December 31st, 2015...
March 14, 2018: Resuscitation
Greg Martin, Mairin Boland
The ever-increasing speed and scope of human mobility by international air travel has led to a global transport network for infectious diseases with the potential to introduce pathogens into non-endemic areas, and to facilitate rapid spread of novel or mutated zoonotic agents.Robust national emergency preparedness is vital to mitigate the transmission of infectious diseases agents domestically and to prevent onward spread to other countries. Given the complex range of stakeholders who respond to an infectious disease threat being transmitted through air travel, it is important that protocols be tested and practised extensively in advance of a real emergency...
March 7, 2018: Globalization and Health
Mariyam Suzana, Helen Walls, Richard Smith, Johanna Hanefeld
BACKGROUND: In resource-constrained health systems medical travel is a common alternative to seeking unavailable health services. This paper was motivated by the need to understand better the impact of such travel on households and health systems. METHODS: We used primary data from 344 subsidized and 471 non-subsidized inbound medical travellers during June to December 2013 drawn from the North, Centre and South regions of the Maldives where three international airports are located...
March 6, 2018: International Journal for Equity in Health
T Ning, W Shao-Sheng, Y Yan-Feng, Z Yong, L I Chao-Pin
Objective To investigate whether there is Blomia tropicalis breeding in the flour warehouse of food factory in a civil aviation airport, and, if there is, to observe the morphological structure of the mite. Methods The flour samples were collected from the flour warehouse of food factory in a civil aviation airport. The breeding mites were isolated from the samples by direct microscopy and made into specimens to observe with a light microscope. Results Female Blomia tropicalis was found in the collected flour samples...
April 28, 2017: Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control
Manoela Gomes Reis Lopes, Rodolfo Andrade de Gouveia Vilela, Marco Antônio Pereira Querol
Large construction projects involve the functioning of a complex activity system (AS) in network format. Anomalies such as accidents, delays, reworks, etc., can be explained by contradictions that emerge historically in the system. The aim of this study was to analyze the history of an airport construction project to understand the current contradictions and anomalies in the AS and how they emerged. A case study was conducted for this purpose, combining Collective Work Analysis, interviews, observations, and analysis of documents that provided the basis for sessions in the Change Laboratory, where a participant timeline was elaborated with the principal events during the construction project...
February 19, 2018: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
Renato Nallin Montagnolli, Paulo Renato Matos Lopes, Ederio Dino Bidoia
Perfluorinated compounds, including fluorotelomers, are important constituents of firefighting foams to extinguish fuel fires in the petrochemical industry, airports, and at fire-training sites. In this study, we monitored the biodegradation process in a co-contamination scenario with monoaromatic hydrocarbons commonly found in fuels (benzene, toluene) and fluorotelomers. The CO2 production rates were evaluated by a factorial design taking into account the effect of seasonality at in situ natural attenuation processes...
February 27, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Maaike van Putten, Annemieke Aartsma-Rus, Miranda D Grounds, Joe N Kornegay, Anna Mayhew, Thomas H Gillingwater, Shin'ichi Takeda, Markus A Rüegg, Annamaria De Luca, Kanneboyina Nagaraju, Raffaella Willmann
A workshop took place in 2015 to follow up TREAT-NMD activities dedicated to improving quality in the preclinical phase of drug development for neuromuscular diseases. In particular, this workshop adressed necessary future steps regarding common standard experimental protocols and the issue of improving the translatability of preclinical efficacy studies.
2018: Journal of Neuromuscular Diseases
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