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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341860/risk-management-of-free-radicals-involved-in-air-travel-syndromes-by-antioxidants
#1
Jeum-Nam Kim, Byung-Mu Lee
Frequent air travelers and airplane pilots may develop various types of illnesses. The environmental risk factors associated with air travel syndromes (ATS) or air travel-related adverse health outcomes raised concerns and need to be assessed in the context of risk management and public health. Accordingly, the aim of the present review was to determine ATS, risk factors, and mechanisms underlying ATS using scientific data and information obtained from Medline, Toxline, and regulatory agencies. Additional information was also extracted from websites of organizations, such as the International Air Transport Association (IATA), International Association for Medical Assistance to Travelers (IAMAT), and International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO)...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. Part B, Critical Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326494/experience-of-an-academic-institute-in-importing-a-novel-preclinical-drug-into-india
#2
M Praveen Kumar, Bikash Medhi
The article throws light on the process of importing a novel preclinical drug into India based on the real-life experience from one of our studies. A novel drug "X" acting through a new mechanism of action was hypothesized by us to function as a neuroprotectant. It was decided to import this novel drug from a university located in Brazil. An official collaboration pact was exchanged between both the sides. In accordance with the Indian Drug and Cosmetics Act 1940, unauthorized import of drug into India is not permitted...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315622/patient-rescue-and-blood-utilization-in-the-ogasawara-blood-rotation-system
#3
Tomoko Igarashi, Hiroshi Fujita, Hiroyuki Asaka, Yuko Takada, Rieko Ametani, Itsuki Naya, Yasushi Tanaka, Makoto Kamesaki, Asuka Kasai
BACKGROUND: In the past, blood products were not transported to the Ogasawara Islands because of the distance; the islands are approximately 1000 km from the mainland and lack an airport. The Ogasawara Blood Rotation system involves the routine, long-distance transportation of Type O, RhD-positive, irradiated red blood cells to rescue patients with acute hemorrhage and severe anemia and to reduce wastage from the expiration of red blood cell solution. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Blood transfusion and utilization in the Ogasawara blood rotation (BR) system were examined from December 2014 to March 2017...
January 7, 2018: Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313308/noise-pollution-and-impact-on-children-health
#4
REVIEW
Alok Gupta, Anant Gupta, Khushbu Jain, Sweta Gupta
With rapid urbanization and life style changes, loud noise is omnipresent and has become a part of life. Indoor and outdoor environmental noise pollution have been documented as a serious health hazard with increasing adverse effects on fetus, infants, children, adolescents and adults. Noise induced hearing loss and non-auditory adverse effects due to noise pollution, are being increasingly diagnosed in all age groups including the fetus. Outdated motorized vehicles, machinery, increasing traffic, congested residential areas, crowded educational institutions and workplaces, unregulated commercial and industrial noise have become a source of noise pollution with long-term disability...
January 9, 2018: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298744/-the-swiss-border-veterinary-service-in-the-20th-century
#5
J Schluep
The first animal disease act of Switzerland was released in 1872. Its revision in 1886 brought the basis for establishing a border veterinary inspection service. This service was first reporting to the federal Ministry of Agriculture; after 1914, the newly created Federal Veterinary Office became responsible for it. The border checks were first limited to live biungulate animals and horses; later on they were extended to meat and meat products and finally to venison and fishery products. At the beginning, part-time veterinarians with own practice were engaged...
January 2018: Schweizer Archiv Für Tierheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29296044/comments-on-radiological-risk-assessment-of-cosmic-radiation-at-aviation-altitudes-a-trip-from-houston-intercontinental-airport-to-lagos-international-airport
#6
Munish Kumar, D Datta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Journal of Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278386/use-of-terrestrial-laser-scanner-for-rigid-airport-pavement-management
#7
Maurizio Barbarella, Fabrizio D'Amico, Maria Rosaria De Blasiis, Alessandro Di Benedetto, Margherita Fiani
The evaluation of the structural efficiency of airport infrastructures is a complex task. Faulting is one of the most important indicators of rigid pavement performance. The aim of our study is to provide a new method for faulting detection and computation on jointed concrete pavements. Nowadays, the assessment of faulting is performed with the use of laborious and time-consuming measurements that strongly hinder aircraft traffic. We proposed a field procedure for Terrestrial Laser Scanner data acquisition and a computation flow chart in order to identify and quantify the fault size at each joint of apron slabs...
December 26, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232651/body-packing-and-intra-vaginal-body-pushing-of-cocaine-a-case-report
#8
Vishwajit Kishor Wankhade, B G Chikhalkar
Drug trafficking is an international problem. The prevalence of drug trafficking and newer concealing methods has been ever increasing. Body packing is described as using the abdominal or pelvic cavity for concealing illegal drugs. Body pushers smuggle illicit drugs by inserting them into rectum or vagina. These cases are either presented to the emergency departments as Body Packer Syndrome or as asymptomatic cases for observation, detained for alleged possession of contraband substances. We report a unique case of an asymptomatic white female who was detained at Mumbai International Airport under suspicion and brought to hospital for observation...
December 5, 2017: Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232462/incidence-and-spectrum-of-health-problems-among-travellers-to-myanmar
#9
Jutarmas Olanwijitwong, Saranath Lawpoolsri, Thitiya Ponam, Preechapol Puengpholpool, Chollasap Sharma, Lapakorn Chatapat, Vichan Pawan, Chatporn Kittitrakul, Watcharapong Piyaphanee
Background: The number of international travellers visiting Myanmar increases each year. However, information about pre-travel preparation and incidence of health problems among these travellers is limited. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted at three international airports in Thailand. Travellers returning from Myanmar completed questionnaires querying demographic profile, pre-travel health preparations and health problems during their stay in Myanmar...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Travel Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221490/the-first-detected-airline-introductions-of-yellow-fever-mosquitoes-aedes-aegypti-to-europe-at-schiphol-international-airport-the-netherlands
#10
A Ibañez-Justicia, A Gloria-Soria, W den Hartog, M Dik, F Jacobs, A Stroo
BACKGROUND: Air-borne introduction of exotic mosquitoes to Schiphol airport in the Netherlands has been considered plausible based upon findings of mosquitoes in aircraft cabins during 2008, 2010 and 2011. Beginning in 2013, surveillance efforts at Schiphol had focused on promptly detecting accidental introductions at the airport facilities in order to quickly react and avoid temporary proliferation or establishment of mosquito populations, identify the origin of the introductions, and avoid potential transmission of vector-borne diseases...
December 8, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209818/water-quality-of-stormwater-generated-from-an-airport-in-a-cold-climate-function-of-an-infiltration-pond-and-sampling-strategy-with-limited-resources
#11
Yu Jia, Ludwig Ehlert, Cecilia Wahlskog, Angela Lundberg, Christian Maurice
Monitoring pollutants in stormwater discharge in cold climates is challenging. An environmental survey was performed by sampling the stormwater from Luleå Airport, Northern Sweden, during the period 2010-2013, when urea was used as a main component of aircraft deicing/anti-icing fluids (ADAFs). The stormwater collected from the runway was led through an oil trap to an infiltration pond to store excess water during precipitation periods and enhance infiltration and water treatment. Due to insufficient capacity, an emergency spillway was established and equipped with a flow meter and an automatic sampler...
December 5, 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207473/the-cost-effectiveness-of-lowering-permissible-noise-levels-around-u-s-airports
#12
Boshen Jiao, Zafar Zafari, Brian Will, Kai Ruggeri, Shukai Li, Peter Muennig
Aircraft noise increases the risk of cardiovascular diseases and mental illness. The allowable limit for sound in the vicinity of an airport is 65 decibels (dB) averaged over a 24-h 'day and night' period (DNL) in the United States. We evaluate the trade-off between the cost and the health benefits of changing the regulatory DNL level from 65 dB to 55 dB using a Markov model. The study used LaGuardia Airport (LGA) as a case study. In compliance with 55 dB allowable limit of aircraft noise, sound insulation would be required for residential homes within the 55 dB to 65 dB DNL...
December 2, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195460/multilevel-modeling-and-regression-of-community-annoyance-to-transportation-noise
#13
D Keith Wilson, Chris L Pettit, Nicole M Wayant, Edward T Nykaza, Chandler M Armstrong
A multilevel (hierarchical) model is devised that separates noise tolerance into variations occurring at the levels of individual listeners and communities. This approach successfully describes the characteristics of real community transportation noise surveys, with the individual- and community-level variations producing distinct statistical signatures, both of which are evident in the surveys. Predictions are provided for quantities such as the probability of annoyance based on the observed noise level and statistical parameters characterizing the community tolerance...
November 2017: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193997/predicting-airport-screening-officers-visual-search-competency-with-a-rapid-assessment
#14
Stephen R Mitroff, Justin M Ericson, Benjamin Sharpe
Objective The study's objective was to assess a new personnel selection and assessment tool for aviation security screeners. A mobile app was modified to create a tool, and the question was whether it could predict professional screeners' on-job performance. Background A variety of professions (airport security, radiology, the military, etc.) rely on visual search performance-being able to detect targets. Given the importance of such professions, it is necessary to maximize performance, and one means to do so is to select individuals who excel at visual search...
November 1, 2017: Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192612/aviation-noise-impacts-state-of-the-science
#15
REVIEW
Mathias Basner, Charlotte Clark, Anna Hansell, James I Hileman, Sabine Janssen, Kevin Shepherd, Victor Sparrow
Noise is defined as "unwanted sound." Aircraft noise is one, if not the most detrimental environmental effect of aviation. It can cause community annoyance, disrupt sleep, adversely affect academic performance of children, and could increase the risk for cardiovascular disease of people living in the vicinity of airports. In some airports, noise constrains air traffic growth. This consensus paper was prepared by the Impacts of Science Group of the Committee for Aviation Environmental Protection of the International Civil Aviation Organization and summarizes the state of the science of noise effects research in the areas of noise measurement and prediction, community annoyance, children's learning, sleep disturbance, and health...
March 2017: Noise & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185352/psychological-distress-and-unmet-mental-health-needs-among-urban-taxi-drivers-a-cross-sectional-survey
#16
Sandra Davidson, Greg Wadley, Nicola Reavley, Jane Gunn, Susan Fletcher
OBJECTIVES: The taxi industry relies on a male-dominated, predominately immigrant workforce who face multiple risk factors for poor mental health including shift work, low pay and threats of violence. Despite these risk factors, no previous study has documented the prevalence of psychological distress in the taxi industry. We investigated psychological distress among urban taxi drivers and explored the factors associated with high levels of distress. METHOD: A total of 380 taxi drivers were surveyed at the Melbourne Airport holding yard between September 2016 and March 2017...
November 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178000/a-procedure-to-evaluate-the-factors-determining-the-elemental-composition-of-pm2-5-case-study-the-veneto-region-northeastern-italy
#17
Francesca Benetello, Stefania Squizzato, Mauro Masiol, Md Badiuzzaman Khan, Flavia Visin, Gianni Formenton, Bruno Pavoni
The Po Valley is one of the most important hot spots in Europe for air pollution. Morphological features and anthropogenic pressures lead to frequent breaching of air quality standards and to high-pollution episodes in an ~46 × 103-km2-wide alluvial lowland. Therefore, it is increasingly important to study the air quality in a wide geographical scale to better implement possible and successful mitigation measures. The Veneto region lies in the eastern part of the Po Valley and the elemental composition of PM has been mainly studied in the Venice area, whereas scarce data are available for the remaining territory of the region...
November 24, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172716/aircraft-noise-exposure-and-subjective-sleep-quality-the-results-of-the-debats-study-in-france
#18
Ali-Mohamed Nassur, Marie Lefèvre, Bernard Laumon, Damien Léger, Anne-Sophie Evrard
BACKGROUND: Exposure to aircraft noise has been shown to have adverse effects on health, particularly on sleep. Exposure to nighttime aircraft noise clearly affects sleep architecture, as well as subjective sleep quality. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate the relationship between aircraft noise exposure and subjective sleep quality in the population living near airports in France. METHODS: A total of 1,244 individuals older than 18 and living near three French airports (Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Lyon-Saint-Exupéry and Toulouse-Blagnac) were randomly selected to participate in the study...
November 27, 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166367/smoke-free-policies-in-the-world-s-50-busiest-airports-august-2017
#19
Michael A Tynan, Elizabeth Reimels, Jennifer Tucker, Brian A King
Exposure to secondhand smoke from burning tobacco products causes premature death and disease, including coronary heart disease, stroke, and lung cancer among nonsmoking adults and sudden infant death syndrome, acute respiratory infections, middle ear disease, exacerbated asthma, respiratory symptoms, and decreased lung function in children (1,2). The U.S. Surgeon General has concluded that there is no risk-free level of exposure to secondhand smoke (1). Previous CDC reports on airport smoke-free policies found that most large-hub airports in the United States prohibit smoking (3); however, the extent of smoke-free policies at airports globally has not been assessed...
November 24, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134105/global-network-centrality-of-university-rankings
#20
Weisi Guo, Marco Del Vecchio, Ganna Pogrebna
Universities and higher education institutions form an integral part of the national infrastructure and prestige. As academic research benefits increasingly from international exchange and cooperation, many universities have increased investment in improving and enabling their global connectivity. Yet, the relationship of university performance and its global physical connectedness has not been explored in detail. We conduct, to our knowledge, the first large-scale data-driven analysis into whether there is a correlation between university relative ranking performance and its global connectivity via the air transport network...
October 2017: Royal Society Open Science
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