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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627917/functional-intimacy-needing-but-not-wanting-the-touch-of-a-stranger
#1
Juliana Schroeder, Ayelet Fishbach, Chelsea Schein, Kurt Gray
Intimacy is often motivated by love, but sometimes it is merely functional. For example, disrobing and being touched at an airport security check serves the goal of catching a flight, not building a relationship. We propose that this functional intimacy induces discomfort, making people prefer greater social distance from their interaction partner. Supporting this prediction, participants who considered (Experiments 1 and 2) or experienced (Experiment 3) more physically intimate medical procedures preferred a health provider who is less social...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611191/is-aircraft-noise-exposure-associated-with-cardiovascular-disease-and-hypertension-results-from-a-cohort-study-in-athens-greece
#2
Konstantina Dimakopoulou, Konstantinos Koutentakis, Ifigeneia Papageorgiou, Maria-Iosifina Kasdagli, Alexandros S Haralabidis, Panayota Sourtzi, Evangelia Samoli, Danny Houthuijs, Wim Swart, Anna L Hansell, Klea Katsouyanni
BACKGROUND: We followed up, in 2013, the subjects who lived near the Athens International Airport and had participated in the cross-sectional multicountry HYENA study in 2004-2006. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association of exposure to aircraft and road traffic noise with the incidence of hypertension and other cardiovascular outcomes. METHODS: From the 780 individuals who participated in the cross-sectional study, 537 were still living in the same area and 420 accepted to participate in the follow-up...
June 13, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587905/rapid-identification-of-imported-influenza-viruses-at-xiamen-international-airport-via-an-active-surveillance-program
#3
Junyu Chen, Kunyu Yang, Minwei Zhang, Chenguang Shen, Jing Chen, Guosong Wang, Shoujie Huang, Mengya Zhang, Huanchang Xiong, Honglin Chen, Yixin Chen, Ningshao Xia
OBJECTIVES: The cross-border transmission of infectious diseases is a worldwide public health issue. Current border screening measures are insufficiently sensitive. The study objectives were to describe the epidemiological pattern of influenza infection among incoming travellers at Xiamen International Airport during non-pandemic periods and to assess the performance of a rapid influenza diagnostic test in border screening. METHODS: Between May 2015 and May 2016 travellers with influenza-like-illnesses (ILIs) entering China at Xiamen International Airport were screened with a rapid test, Flu Dot-ELISA, and the collected specimens were further subjected to virus isolation and phylogenetic analysis...
June 3, 2017: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584321/occupational-exposure-to-electromagnetic-fields-in-the-polish-armed-forces
#4
Jaromir Sobiech, Jarosław Kieliszek, Robert Puta, Dagmara Bartczak, Wanda Stankiewicz
OBJECTIVES: Standard devices used by military personnel that may pose electromagnetic hazard include: radars, missile systems, radio navigation systems and radio transceivers. The aim of this study has been to evaluate the exposure of military personnel to electromagnetic fields. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Occupational exposure to electromagnetic fields was analyzed in the work environment of personnel of 204 devices divided into 5 groups (surface-to-air missile system radars, aircraft and helicopters, communication devices, surveillance and height finder radars, airport radars and radio navigation systems)...
April 28, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567216/the-need-for-an-implant-identification-card-at-airport-security-check
#5
Erden Ali, Dennis Kosuge, Andrew MacDowell
BACKGROUND: Joint replacement surgery is having an increasing demand as national healthcare systems confront an ever ageing population. Surgical complications associated with lower limb arthroplasty are well known but less investigation has been performed examining its effect on air travel, more specifically, unwanted and significant inconvenience caused to travelers going through airport security. METHODS: In lower limb arthroplasty clinics, 50 patients who met our selection criteria were given questionnaires...
June 2017: Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556354/modeling-precheck-parallel-screening-process-in-the-face-of-strategic-applicants-with-incomplete-information-and-screening-errors
#6
Cen Song, Jun Zhuang
In security check systems, tighter screening processes increase the security level, but also cause more congestion, which could cause longer wait times. Having to deal with more congestion in lines could also cause issues for the screeners. The Transportation Security Administration (TSA) Precheck Program was introduced to create fast lanes in airports with the goal of expediting passengers who the TSA does not deem to be threats. In this lane, the TSA allows passengers to enjoy fewer restrictions in order to speed up the screening time...
May 29, 2017: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554191/toward-patient-centered-hospital-design-what-can-airports-teach-us
#7
Samyukta Mullangi, Andrew M Ibrahim, Vineet Chopra
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 30, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554004/traffic-noise-and-hypertension-results-from-a-large-case-control-study
#8
Hajo Zeeb, Janice Hegewald, Melanie Schubert, Mandy Wagner, Patrik Dröge, Enno Swart, Andreas Seidler
BACKGROUND: Environmental traffic noise is a potential cause of hypertension. We aimed to study the association between hypertension as recorded in health insurance claims data and the exposure to three sources of traffic noise (aircraft, road and rail). METHODS: This large case-control study was conducted among persons aged 40 and above in 2010 and living in the region around Frankfurt airport in Germany. Individual residential noise exposure for the index year 2005 was assessed using standard noise algorithms...
August 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536499/decreasing-sedentary-behavior-effects-on-academic-performance-meta-cognition-and-sleep
#9
June J Pilcher, Drew M Morris, Stewart A Bryant, Paul A Merritt, Hayley B Feigl
There is growing interest in using activity workstations as a method of increasing light physical activity in normally sedentary environments. The current study (N = 117) compared the effects of studying in college students while slowly pedaling a stationary bike with a desktop with studying at traditional desks across 10 weeks in an academic semester. The students were assigned to study either on the stationary bike or at a traditional desk located in the campus library for a minimum of 2 h a week. During the 10 weeks, the students studied for tests or worked on other required academic activities while working at their assigned desk...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531559/per-and-polyfluoroalkyl-substances-in-firefighting-foam-concentrates-and-water-samples-collected-near-sites-impacted-by-the-use-of-these-foams
#10
Xavier Dauchy, Virginie Boiteux, Cristina Bach, Christophe Rosin, Jean-François Munoz
To extinguish large-scale fuel fires, fluorosurfactant based foams (FSBFs) were developed in the 1960s and have been used ever since. In this study, 154 per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) including 122 emerging PFASs used as surfactants in FSBFs were sought in nine different foam concentrates. Field investigations were also carried out in the vicinity of four sites where FSBFs are or were intensively used (two airports, a training center for firefighters and an oil storage depot after a large explosion)...
May 13, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520493/increasing-walking-in-the-hartsfield-jackson-atlanta-international-airport-the-walk-to-fly-study
#11
Janet E Fulton, Ginny M Frederick, Prabasaj Paul, John D Omura, Susan A Carlson, Joan M Dorn
OBJECTIVES: To test the effectiveness of a point-of-decision intervention to prompt walking, versus motorized transport, in a large metropolitan airport. METHODS: We installed point-of-decision prompt signage at 4 locations in the airport transportation mall at Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport (Atlanta, GA) at the connecting corridor between airport concourses. Six ceiling-mounted infrared sensors counted travelers entering and exiting the study location...
July 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511271/georgia-s-collaborative-approach-to-expanding-mosquito-surveillance-in-response-to-zika-virus-a-case-study
#12
R Christopher Rustin, Deonte Martin, Varadan Sevilimedu, Sarbesh Pandeya, Haresh Rochani, Rosmarie Kelly
Zika virus (ZIKV) was declared an international public health emergency by the World Health Organization on February 1, 2016. Due to the known and estimated range of the ZIKV mosquito vectors, southern and central US states faced increased risk of ZIKV transmission. With the state of Georgia hosting the world's busiest international airport, a climate that supports the ZIKV vectors, and limited surveillance (13 counties) and response capacity, the Department of Public Health (DPH) was challenged to respond and prevent ZIKV transmission...
January 2017: U.S. Army Medical Department Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501677/modeling-variability-in-air-pollution-related-health-damages-from-individual-airport-emissions
#13
Stefani L Penn, Scott T Boone, Brian C Harvey, Wendy Heiger-Bernays, Yorghos Tripodis, Sarav Arunachalam, Jonathan I Levy
In this study, we modeled concentrations of fine particulate matter (PM2.5) and ozone (O3) attributable to precursor emissions from individual airports in the United States, developing airport-specific health damage functions (deaths per 1000t of precursor emissions) and physically-interpretable regression models to explain variability in these functions. We applied the Community Multiscale Air Quality model using the Decoupled Direct Method to isolate PM2.5- or O3-related contributions from precursor pollutants emitted by 66 individual airports...
July 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496187/geometric-explanation-of-the-rich-club-phenomenon-in-complex-networks
#14
Máté Csigi, Attila Kőrösi, József Bíró, Zalán Heszberger, Yury Malkov, András Gulyás
The rich club organization (the presence of highly connected hub core in a network) influences many structural and functional characteristics of networks including topology, the efficiency of paths and distribution of load. Despite its major role, the literature contains only a very limited set of models capable of generating networks with realistic rich club structure. One possible reason is that the rich club organization is a divisive property among complex networks which exhibit great diversity, in contrast to other metrics (e...
May 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493193/the-first-survey-of-airborne-trace-elements-at-airport-using-moss-bag-technique
#15
Gordana Vuković, Mira Aničić Urošević, Sandra Škrivanj, Konstantin Vergel, Milica Tomašević, Aleksandar Popović
Air traffic represents an important way of social mobility in the world, and many ongoing discussions are related to the impacts that air transportation has on local air quality. In this study, moss Sphagnum girgensohnii was used for the first time in the assessment of trace element content at the international airport. The moss bags were exposed during the summer of 2013 at four sampling sites at the airport 'Nikola Tesla' (Belgrade, Serbia): runway (two), auxiliary runway and parking lot. According to the relative accumulation factor (RAF) and the limit of quantification of the moss bag technique (LOQT), the most abundant elements in the samples were Zn, Na, Cr, V, Cu and Fe...
June 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491009/simplified-approach-charts-improve-data-retrieval-performance
#16
Michael Stewart, Sean Laraway, Kevin Jordan, Michael S Feary
The effectiveness of different instrument approach charts to deliver minimum visibility and altitude information during airport equipment outages was investigated. Eighteen pilots flew simulated instrument approaches in three conditions: (a) normal operations using a standard approach chart (standard-normal), (b) equipment outage conditions using a standard approach chart (standard-outage), and (c) equipment outage conditions using a prototype decluttered approach chart (prototype-outage). Errors and retrieval times in identifying minimum altitudes and visibilities were measured...
June 2017: Journal of Cognitive Engineering and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485241/airport-security-rules-pose-risk-for-users-of-insulin-pumps
#17
(no author information available yet)
University of East Anglia child health nursing lecturer Katie McGhee has responded to a letter published in International Airport Review.
May 9, 2017: Nursing Children and Young People
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465141/a-novel-educational-outreach-approach-to-teach-hands-only-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-to-the-public
#18
Mary P Chang, Lana M Gent, Merrilee Sweet, Jerry Potts, Jeral Ahtone, Ahamed H Idris
REVIEW: The American Heart Association set goals in 2010 to train 20 million people annually in cardiopulmonary resuscitation and to double bystander response by 2020. These ambitious goals are difficult to achieve without new approaches. METHODS: The main objective is to evaluate a new approach to cardiopulmonary resuscitation instruction using a self-instructional kiosk to teach Hands-Only CPR to people at a busy international airport. This is a prospective, observational study evaluating a new approach to teach Hands-Only CPR to the public from July 2013 to February 2016...
July 2017: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457359/transport-of-human-organs-in-italy-location-time-and-performances
#19
L Mantecchini, F Paganelli, D Peritore, S Trapani, V Morabito, A Oliveti, D Stabile, P Fiaschetti, L Rizzato, A Nanni Costa
INTRODUCTION: The outcome of transplantation activities depends on a variety of unpredictable factors. Up-to-date criteria on organ allocation foresee an efficient transport chain along with compliant performance parameters. METHODS AND OBJECTIVES: The Centro Nazionale Trapianti and the Department of Civil, Chemical, Environmental, and Materials Engineering of the University of Bologna (respectively, CNT and DICAM) have been updating a national database of organ transplantation activities to investigate performance parameters and the main causes of disruption...
May 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455531/temporal-characteristics-of-the-chinese-aviation-network-and-their-effects-on-the-spread-of-infectious-diseases
#20
Jianhong Mou, Chuchu Liu, Saran Chen, Ge Huang, Xin Lu
Aviation transportation systems have developed rapidly in recent years and have become a focus for research on the modeling of epidemics. However, despite the number of studies on aggregated topological structures and their effects on the spread of disease, the temporal sequence of flights that connect different airports have not been examined. In this study, to analyze the temporal pattern of the Chinese Aviation Network (CAN), we obtain a time series of topological statistics through sliding the temporal CAN with an hourly time window...
April 28, 2017: Scientific Reports
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