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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231628/the-lived-experience-of-recovery-during-the-first-six-months-after-colorectal-cancer-surgery
#1
Jenny Jakobsson, Ewa Idvall, Christine Kumlien
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to describe the lived experience of recovery during the first six months after colorectal cancer surgery. BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer is the third most common cancer-diagnose worldwide. Early discharge places demands on health care professionals to prepare patients for their return home and to provide them with appropriate support throughout the recovery process. This requires knowledge of what it is like to recover from colorectal cancer surgery...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231581/prognostic-markers-and-histologic-subtypes-in-patients-with-meningeal-carcinomatosis-in-breast-cancer
#2
Hussein Alnajar, Lauren Rosen, Sara Javidiparsijani, Yahya Al-Ghamdi, Paolo Gattuso
OBJECTIVE: Meningeal carcinomatosis (MC) is a rare complication in breast cancer patients. It is defined as a diffuse or multifocal leptomeningeal metastasis. STUDY DESIGN: From our institution database, we retrospectively studied 19 patients diagnosed with MC in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in 1997-2015, in order to evaluate tumor prognostic markers, histologic subtypes, and clinical outcome. RESULTS: All patients were female, with a mean age of 53 years (range 36-75 years)...
February 24, 2017: Acta Cytologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231367/fiddler-s-neck-a-review
#3
Calvin W Myint, Amy L Rutt, Robert T Sataloff
Fiddler's neck is a common dermatologic condition associated with instrument use in violin and viola players. It typically manifests as a submandibular and/or supraclavicular lesion. It is a benign condition, but it may be mistaken for lymphedema or a salivary gland malignancy. Otolaryngologists who treat patients with fiddler's neck should be aware of appropriate management protocols and the need to avoid surgical excision. We obtained informed consent from 3 violinists to present their cases as specific examples of fiddler's neck...
February 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231242/predicting-ebola-infection-a-malaria-sensitive-triage-score-for-ebola-virus-disease
#4
Mary-Anne Hartley, Alyssa Young, Anh-Minh Tran, Harry Henry Okoni-Williams, Mohamed Suma, Brooke Mancuso, Ahmed Al-Dikhari, Mohamed Faouzi
BACKGROUND: The non-specific symptoms of Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) pose a major problem to triage and isolation efforts at Ebola Treatment Centres (ETCs). Under the current triage protocol, half the patients allocated to high-risk "probable" wards were EVD(-): a misclassification speculated to predispose nosocomial EVD infection. A better understanding of the statistical relevance of individual triage symptoms is essential in resource-poor settings where rapid, laboratory-confirmed diagnostics are often unavailable...
February 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230086/classification-of-idiopathic-interstitial-pneumonias-using-anti-myxovirus-resistance-protein-1-autoantibody
#5
Yoshimasa Hamano, Hiroshi Kida, Shoichi Ihara, Akihiro Murakami, Masahiro Yanagawa, Ken Ueda, Osamu Honda, Lokesh P Tripathi, Toru Arai, Masaki Hirose, Toshimitsu Hamasaki, Yukihiro Yano, Tetsuya Kimura, Yasuhiro Kato, Hyota Takamatsu, Tomoyuki Otsuka, Toshiyuki Minami, Haruhiko Hirata, Koji Inoue, Izumi Nagatomo, Yoshito Takeda, Masahide Mori, Hiroyoshi Nishikawa, Kenji Mizuguchi, Takashi Kijima, Masanori Kitaichi, Noriyuki Tomiyama, Yoshikazu Inoue, Atsushi Kumanogoh
Chronic fibrosing idiopathic interstitial pneumonia (IIP) can be divided into two main types: idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), a steroid-resistant and progressive disease with a median survival of 2-3 years, and idiopathic non-specific interstitial pneumonia (INSIP), a steroid-sensitive and non-progressive autoimmune disease. Although the clinical courses of these two diseases differ, they may be difficult to distinguish at diagnosis. We performed a comprehensive analysis of serum autoantibodies from patients definitively diagnosed with IPF, INSIP, autoimmune pulmonary alveolar proteinosis, and sarcoidosis...
February 23, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230005/current-mechanism-of-acquired-resistance-to-epidermal-growth-factor-receptor-tyrosine-kinase-inhibitors-and-updated-therapy-strategies-in-human-nonsmall-cell-lung-cancer
#6
REVIEW
Kaixian Zhang, Qianqian Yuan
Lung cancer continues to be a major health problem and the most common cancer-related mortality worldwide with about 80%-85% patients suffering from nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC). More than 80% of NSCLC cases are often diagnosed as advanced stage and harbor epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) activating mutation. Although great success in initial response to EGFR-tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKIs) are found in EGFR-mutant NSCLC patients, acquired resistance usually occurs on the continuous treatment...
December 2016: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229911/diagnostic-accuracy-of-carotid-intima-media-thickness-in-predicting-coronary-plaque-burden-on-coronary-computed-tomography-angiography-in-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnoea
#7
David J Murphy, Sophie J Crinion, Ciaran E Redmond, Gerard M Healy, Walter T McNicholas, Silke Ryan, Jonathan D Dodd
AIM: To assess the diagnostic accuracy of common carotid artery intima media thickness (CIMT) for coronary artery disease (CAD) detection in patients with obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA). MATERIALS & METHODS: Patients with clinically suspected OSA prospectively underwent polysomnography (PSG), ultrasound CIMT measurement and coronary computed tomography angiography (CTA). An average CIMT of ≥0.9 mm in either common carotid artery designated as a positive test...
February 11, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229823/cardiovascular-complications-in-paediatric-onset-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-in-saudi-arabian-patients
#8
Ahmad S Azhar, Omneyah Mohamed Awlia, Mohammed A Muzaffer
OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence and types of cardiovascular complications in Saudi patients with paediatric-onset systemic lupus erythematosus (pSLE). METHODS: Retrospective record review of pSLE patients following from January 2014 to September 2015 at the rheumatology clinic of King Abdul-Aziz University Hospital, Jeddah. Laboratory data such as C-reactive protein (CRP), antinuclear antibodies (ANA), anti-double stranded DNA antibody (anti-dsDNA), C3 and C4 complements, were collected...
February 10, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229822/myocardial-performance-index-in-active-and-inactive-paediatric-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#9
Anant Khositseth, Wasana Prangwatanagul, Kanchana Tangnararatchakit, Soamarat Vilaiyuk, Nantawan Su-Angka
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate cardiac structure and function in paediatric SLE patients without clinical evidence of cardiovascular disease in active and inactive diseases. METHODS: Patients aged ≤20 years who fulfilled the diagnostic criteria of active SLE underwent transthoracic echocardiography to evaluate cardiac structure and function, and were then followed up echocardiographically every 3-4 months until SLE disease was inactive. Patients with heart failure, myocarditis, pericarditis, endocarditis, coronary artery disease, or abnormal structural heart disease were excluded...
February 3, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229803/supersaturated-calcium-phosphate-rinse-in-prevention-and-treatment-of-mucositis-in-patients-undergoing-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplant
#10
Nisha Bhatt, Rahul Naithani, S K Gupta
OBJECTIVES: Mucositis is a common morbidity in patients undergoing bone marrow transplant. Various agents have been used to prevent and treat it with variable success. Here, we assessed the efficacy of supersaturated calcium phosphate rinses in prevention and treatment of oral mucositis in patients undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplant. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this retrospective study, we evaluated the records of 80 patients who underwent hematopoietic stem cell transplant and received supersaturated calcium phosphate rinses for preVention of mucositis from April 2012 to January 2016...
February 23, 2017: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229610/coping-with-celiac-disease-how-heavy-is-the-burden-for-caregivers
#11
Francesca Ferretti, Federica Branchi, Bernardo Dell'Osso, Dario Conte, Luca Elli
BACKGROUND: Celiac disease (CD) is the most common chronic enteropathy demanding a lifelong gluten-free diet. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to identify and estimate the subjective burden of caregivers of celiac patients. METHODS: A cross-sectional observational study was conducted during the regional meeting of the Italian Society for the Celiac Disease in April 2014. A written self-administered anonymous questionnaire enquired into caregivers' demographic profile, natural history of patients' disease and caregivers' self-reported degree of burden at the onset of symptoms (T0), at CD diagnosis (T1) and during follow-up (T2)...
February 23, 2017: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229609/laparoscopic-treatment-of-hemorrhagic-meckel-diverticulum-after-diagnosis-with-wireless-capsule-endoscopy-and-double-balloon-enteroscopy
#12
Haibo Yu, Hongliang Song, Jing Cai
Meckel diverticulum (MD) is a common small intestinal malformation. The difficulty of MD with hemorrhage treatment lies in preoperative diagnosis. Wireless capsule endoscopy (WCE) and double-balloon enteroscopy (DBE) have been widely used to diagnose and treat diseases of the small intestine, but only rarely have they been used in combination to diagnose and treat bleeding MD. We successfully diagnosed and treated a patient with MD with hemorrhage with a combination of WCE, DBE, and laparoscopy. A 17-year-old man presented to the emergency room with hematochezia and was admitted for testing...
February 23, 2017: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229302/tremor-analysis-separates-parkinson-s-disease-and-dopamine-receptor-blockers-induced-parkinsonism
#13
Aasef G Shaikh
Parkinson's disease, the most common cause of parkinsonism is often difficult to distinguish from its second most common etiology due to exposure to dopamine receptor blocking agents such as antiemetics and neuroleptics. Dual axis accelerometry was used to quantify tremor in 158 patients with parkinsonism; 62 had Parkinson's disease and 96 were clinically diagnosed with dopamine receptor blocking agent-induced parkinsonism. Tremor was measured while subjects rested arms (resting tremor), outstretched arms in front (postural tremor), and reached a target (kinetic tremor)...
February 22, 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229166/-morphological-investigations-of-deep-sole-ulcers-in-cattle-part-2-toe-ulcers-white-line-disease-in-the-heel-and-changes-due-to-inappropriate-weight-bearing-and-deficient-claw-care
#14
Susanne Gehringer, Matthias Müller, Johann Maierl
OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate the morphology of pathological changes to the inner structures of the claw in cases of toe ulcers, white line disease in the heel and changes due to inappropriate weight bearing and deficient claw care. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Hind limbs of 55 cows displaying external signs of complicated sole ulcers were examined externally and internally. To examine the samples internally, a sagittal section was performed. Furthermore, the material was examined after bone maceration and histologically...
February 23, 2017: Tierärztliche Praxis. Ausgabe G, Grosstiere/Nutztiere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229077/surgical-therapy-of-cholangiocarcinoma
#15
REVIEW
Arnold Radtke, Alfred Königsrainer
BACKGROUND: The majority of patients with cholangiocarcinoma present with advanced disease that is often challenging to diagnose and to treat. The optimal preoperative evaluation requires a coordinated multidisciplinary approach. Surgical resection is the mainstay of therapy. METHODS: This systematic review delineates surgical treatment strategies for cholangiocarcinoma in general as well as special considerations concerning the particular tumor localization. A literature search (see keywords) was conducted using PubMed and publications between 1990 and 2016 regarding resectable and advanced cholangiocarcinoma were reviewed...
December 2016: Visceral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229065/foreign-body-aspiration-in-adults-two-unusual-foreign-bodies-knife-and-tube-tracheostomy
#16
Seyed Mozafar Hashemi, Mohsen Kolahdouzan, Shahab Shahabi, Hamid Talebzadeh, Mohammad Taghi Rezaei
INTRODUCTION: Foreign body aspiration is usually a serious condition that is most common among the pediatric population, and rare in adults. In adults, aspiration may be tolerated for a long time. CASE REPORTS: Our first case is a 38-year-old man who presented with a 2-day history of swallowing a foreign body. He was completely asymptomatic. Chest X-ray revealed the presence of 5-cm foreign object in the right main bronchus. Rigid bronchoscopy was performed and a knife was removed from the right main bronchus...
January 2017: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229061/central-myxoma-myxofibroma-of-the-jaws-a-clinico-epidemiologic-review
#17
Agbara Rowland, Fomete Benjamin, Obiadazie Athanasius-Chukwudi, Omeje Uchenna-Kevin, Samaila Modupeola-Omotara
INTRODUCTION: Myxomas are a group of benign rare tumors of connective-tissue origin that occur in both hard (central) and soft tissues of the body. The aim of this study is to highlight our experience in the management of central myxoma of the jaw, with emphasis on its clinic-epidemiologic features as seen in our environment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All patients who were managed for central myxoma of the jaw at the Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery department of a regional University Teaching Hospital between September 1997 and October 2015 were retrospectively studied...
January 2017: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228883/posttraumatic-mandibular-asymmetry-presenting-in-a-young-adult
#18
Mahnaz Sheikhi, Maryam Ghazizadeh, Mohammad Mahdi Salehi
One of the most common sites of injury of the facial skeleton is mandibular condyle. However, it is the least diagnosed site of trauma in the head and neck regions. A trauma to the mandible and specifically condylar zone during childhood, may lead to asymmetry or mandibular bilateral distortion, which is usually manifested in the second decade of life when the etiology is unknown to most people. This report is about an adult male complaining about facial asymmetry with an unknown source. Obvious clicking at the right side and shorter right ramus and condyle's head deviation directed us to a childhood trauma and fracture...
March 2017: Radiology case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228865/identification-of-beta-cell-dysfunction-at-the-pre-symptomatic-stage-of-diabetes-mellitus-by-novel-analytical-system-liquid-biopsy-measurements-in-femtograms
#19
REVIEW
Kurt Krapfenbauer
BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus is produced and progresses as a consequence of complex and gradual processes, in which a variety of alterations of the endocrine pancreas, are involved and which mainly result in beta cell failure. Those molecular alterations can be found in the bloodstream, which suggests that we could quantify specific biomarkers in plasma or serum by very sensitive methods before the onset diabetes mellitus is diagnosed. However, classical methods of protein analysis such as electrophoresis, Western blot, ELISA, and liquid chromatography are generally time-consuming, lab-intensive, and not sensitive enough to detect such alteration in a pre-symptomatic state of the disease...
December 2017: EPMA Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228848/brazilian-dietary-patterns-and-the-dietary-approaches-to-stop-hypertension-dash-diet-relationship-with-metabolic-syndrome-and-newly-diagnosed-diabetes-in-the-elsa-brasil-study
#20
Michele Drehmer, Andrew O Odegaard, Maria Inês Schmidt, Bruce B Duncan, Letícia de Oliveira Cardoso, Sheila M Alvim Matos, Maria Del Carmen B Molina, Sandhi M Barreto, Mark A Pereira
BACKGROUND: Studies evaluating dietary patterns, including the DASH diet, and their relationship with the metabolic syndrome and diabetes may help to understand the role of dairy products (low fat or full fat) in these conditions. Our aim is to identify dietary patterns in Brazilian adults and compare them with the (DASH) diet quality score in terms of their associations with metabolic syndrome and newly diagnosed diabetes in the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health-the ELSA-Brasil study...
2017: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome
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