keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

common diagnoses

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220869/non-obese-fatty-liver-disease-is-associated-with-lacunar-infarct
#1
Min-Sun Kwak, Kyung Won Kim, Hyobin Seo, Goh-Eun Chung, Jeong Yoon Yim, Donghee Kim
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Lacunar infarct, a small subcortical ischemic lesion, is a known risk factor for future cognitive impairment, dementia, and stroke. We evaluated the relationship between fatty liver disease(FLD) and lacunar infarct in a healthy general population. METHODS: Subjects who underwent brain magnetic resonance imaging(MRI) and abdominal ultrasonography(US) during health check-ups from 2007-2009 were included. FLD was diagnosed by US. Subjects with a history of cerebrovascular disease, radiological findings consistent with cerebrovascular stenosis, or cerebral small vessel disease were excluded...
December 8, 2017: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220753/a-systematic-review-of-the-gait-characteristics-associated-with-cerebellar-ataxia
#2
REVIEW
Ellen Buckley, Claudia Mazzà, Alisdair McNeill
BACKGROUND: Cerebellar Ataxias are a group of gait disorders resulting from dysfunction of the cerebellum, commonly characterised by slowly progressing incoordination that manifests as problems with balance and walking leading to considerable disability. There is increasing acceptance of gait analysis techniques to quantify subtle gait characteristics that are unmeasurable by current clinical methods This systematic review aims to identify the gait characteristics able to differentiate between Cerebellar Ataxia and healthy controls...
December 1, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220294/clinical-and-molecular-spectrum-of-liposarcoma
#3
Alex Thomas John Lee, Khin Thway, Paul H Huang, Robin Lewis Jones
Liposarcomas are rare malignant tumors of adipocytic differentiation. The classification of liposarcomas into four principal subtypes reflects the distinct clinical behavior, treatment sensitivity, and underlying biology encompassed by these diseases. Increasingly, clinical management decisions and the development of investigational therapeutics are informed by an improved understanding of subtype-specific molecular pathology. Well-differentiated liposarcoma is the most common subtype and is associated with indolent behavior, local recurrence, and insensitivity to radiotherapy and chemotherapy...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218615/advanced-ct-for-diagnosis-of-seizure-related-stroke-mimics
#4
Friederike Austein, Monika Huhndorf, Johannes Meyne, Helmut Laufs, Olav Jansen, Thomas Lindner
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: It is assumed that up to 30 % of clinically diagnosed acute ischaemic strokes (AIS) are actually stroke mimics (SM). Our aim was to evaluate the usefulness of advanced CT including CT angiography (CTA) and CT perfusion (CTP) findings when distinguishing AIS from seizure-related SM. METHODS: Over a 22-month period data were gathered of patients who presented to our stroke centre with AIS-like symptoms and were examined immediately with an advanced CT, analysed and evaluated by two experienced neuroradiologists who preferred SM rather than AIS...
December 7, 2017: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218467/antibiotic-prescription-and-clinical-management-of-common-infections-among-general-practitioners-in-latvia-lithuania-and-sweden-a-pilot-survey-with-a-simple-protocol
#5
Uga Dumpis, Annika Hahlin, Sonata Varvuolyte, Stephan Stenmark, Sarmīte Veide, Rolanda Valinteliene, Asta Jurkeviciene, Johan Struwe
Comparative information on diagnosis-related antibiotic prescribing patterns are scarce from primary care within and between countries. To describe and compare antibiotic prescription and routine management of infections in primary care in Latvia (LV), Lithuania (LT) and two study sites in Sweden (SE), a cross-sectional observational study on patients who consulted due to sypmtoms compatible with infection was undetraken. Infection and treatment was detected and recorded by physicians only. Data was collected from altogether 8786 consecutive patients with infections in the three countries...
December 7, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218432/the-2016-revision-of-the-who-classification-of-central-nervous-system-tumours-retrospective-application-to-a-cohort-of-diffuse-gliomas
#6
Te Whiti Rogers, Gurvinder Toor, Katharine Drummond, Craig Love, Kathryn Field, Rebecca Asher, Alpha Tsui, Michael Buckland, Michael Gonzales
The classification of central nervous system tumours has more recently been shaped by a focus on molecular pathology rather than histopathology. We re-classified 82 glial tumours according to the molecular-genetic criteria of the 2016 revision of the World Health Organization (WHO) Classification of Tumours of the Central Nervous System. Initial diagnoses and grading were based on the morphological criteria of the 2007 WHO scheme. Because of the impression of an oligodendroglial component on initial histological assessment, each tumour was tested for co-deletion of chromosomes 1p and 19q and mutations of isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH-1 and 2) genes...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218258/breaking-the-magic-mouth-and-genital-ulcers-with-inflamed-cartilage-syndrome
#7
REVIEW
Stella Pak, Shaina Logemann, Christine Dee, Adam Fershko
Mouth and genital ulcers with inflamed cartilage (MAGIC) syndrome refers to a condition in which features of Behcet's disease (BD) and relapsing polychondritis (RP) occur in the same individual. The existence of MAGIC syndrome suggests a potential common etiology for BD and RP. However, connecting these two diseases and referring to this condition as MAGIC syndrome might have been premature, as there is currently insufficient knowledge on BD and RP. In this critical review, we argue that these two clinical entities could possibly be unique disease processes rather than two ends of the same disease spectrum...
October 4, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218132/portal-vein-thrombosis-in-adult-omani-patients-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#8
Khalid Al Hashmi, Lamya Al Aamri, Sulayma Al Lamki, Anil Pathare
OBJECTIVES: We sought to study the occurrence of portal vein thrombosis (PVT) in adult Omani patients. Methods: We conducted a retrospective cross-sectional study in patients diagnosed with PVT, which was confirmed by radiological imaging, from two tertiary hospitals over a 10-year period. Results: Amongst the 39 patients enrolled in the study, 15 (38.4%) had cirrhosis of the liver, and 24 (61.5%) were non-cirrhotic. In the non-cirrhotic PVT patients, 15 (62.5%) had acute PVT, whereas nine (37...
November 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218069/down-syndrome-genetics-and-cardiogenetics
#9
Vasilica Plaiasu
During the last years, Down syndrome has been the focus of special attention. Down syndrome is a genetic disorder characterized by distinct physical features and some degree of cognitive disability. Patients with Down syndrome also present many other congenital anomalies. The mapping for phenotypes to specific regions of chromosome 21 permits to identify which genes (or small regions) contribute to the phenotypic features of Down syndrome and thus, to understand its pathogenesis. Mainly there are three cytogenetic forms of Down syndrome: free trisomy 21, mosaic trisomy 21 and robertsonian translocation trisomy 21...
September 2017: Mædica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218064/non-diabetic-hyperglycemia-and-some-of-its-correlates-in-icu-hospitalized-patients-receiving-enteral-nutrition
#10
Mohammad Amin Valizadeh Hasanloei, Zahra Vahdat Shariatpanahi, Davoud Vahabzadeh, Zakaria Vahabzadeh, Leila Nasiri, Ali Shargh
Introduction: Hyperglycemia is a common occurrence in critically ill patients, and its prevalence in patients receiving nutritional support is much higher than in other patients. The non-diabetic form is associated with more undesirable outcomes. This study was performed to determine the prevalence of non-diabetic hyperglycemia and its correlates in patients receiving enteral nutrition. Material and Methods: This cross-sectional study was performed between March and December 2015...
September 2017: Mædica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217970/recurrent-pericarditis-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#11
Justina Katinaitė, Birutė Petrauskienė
Background: Recurrence affects about 30% (20% to 50%) of patients within 18 months after the initial episode of acute pericarditis resulting in subsequent rehospitalizations. Bearing in mind high treatment costs of patients admitted to hospital with acute and recurrent pericarditis, there is a need to optimize the treatment of both of these conditions. Materials and methods: We present a case of recurrent pericarditis. The first episode of pericarditis was diagnosed in 2006...
2017: Acta Medica Lituanica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217961/clinical-profile-and-outcome-of-pediatrics-tetanus-the-experience-of-a-tertiary-hospital-in-ethiopia
#12
Henok Tadele
Background: Tetanus is an acute vaccine preventable illness manifested by neuromuscular dysfunction due to a potent exotoxin, tetanospasmin produced by Clostridium tetani. It is a common health problem in developing countries like Ethiopia. The aim of this study was to assess clinical profile and outcome of Pediatrics tetanus in a referral hospital, South Ethiopia. Methods: This is a retrospective cross-sectional study of medical records of 24 Pediatric tetanus patients who were admitted from July 2014 to June 2016 to the Pediatrics Department of Hawassa University Comprehensive Specialized Hospital, Hawassa-Ethiopia...
September 2017: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217940/audit-of-oral-histopathology-service-at-a-nigerian-tertiary-institution-over-a-24-year-period
#13
Akindayo O Akinyamoju, Bukola F Adeyemi, Akinyele O Adisa, Chidinma N Okoli
Background: Biopsies are often essential for definitive diagnosis of oro-facial lesions and are a part of oral diagnostic procedures carried out in histopathology laboratories. At present, there is paucity of literature on the audit of oral histopathology services in Nigeria. The objectives of this study were to determine the prevalence of biopsied oral lesions in a Nigerian tertiary institution. Also to profile the usage of oral pathology service and to identify challenges that may be present in an oral histodiagnostic service...
July 2017: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217924/types-of-cancers-diagnosed-and-the-preference-of-families-of-adult-patients-with-cancer-about-disclosing-diagnosis-to-the-patients
#14
Engida Abebe, Hana Abebe
Background: Cancer has become one of the top causes of death in developing nations killing more people than the common infectious diseases do. For several reasons, disclosing cancer diagnosis to the patient is a challenging job for physicians and family members. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was done to determine the common cancer diagnosis and the preference about disclosing cancer diagnosis to the patients among attendants of adult cancer patients seen at the regular surgical OPD of St...
May 2017: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217876/nocturnal-enuresis-in-india-are-we-diagnosing-and-managing-correctly
#15
REVIEW
N M Reddy, H Malve, R Nerli, P Venkatesh, I Agarwal, V Rege
Nocturnal enuresis is a common problem affecting school-aged children worldwide. Although it has significant impact on child's psychology, it is always under-recognized in India and considered as a condition which will outgrow with advancing age. Nocturnal enuresis classified as primary or secondary and monosymptomatic or nonmonosymptomatic. Factors that cause enuresis include genetic factors, bladder dysfunction, psychological factors, and inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion, leading to nocturnal polyuria...
November 2017: Indian Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217803/growth-hormone-deficiency-in-children-from-suspecting-to-diagnosing
#16
Varuna Vyas, Anil Kumar, Vandana Jain
Isolated Growth hormone deficiency is an important and treatable cause of short stature. However, it is often difficult to diagnose the condition with certainty due to the lack of a single robust diagnostic test. Short children, other than those with the classical phenotype of immature chubby facies, truncal obesity and micropenis in boys, or those with history of cranial lesions with known association with hypopituitarism, should be evaluated for growth hormone deficiency only after excluding the other more common conditions...
November 15, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217782/rational-management-approach-to-pure-red-cell-aplasia
#17
Suresh Kumar Balasubramanian, Meena Sadaps, Swapna Thota, Mai Aly, Bartlomiej P Przychodzen, Cassandra M Hirsch, Valeria Visconte, Tomas Radivoyevitch, Jaroslaw P Maciejewski
Pure red cell aplasia is an orphan disease without rationally established standard therapies. Most cases are idiopathic; a subset is antibody-mediated. There is overlap between idiopathic cases and those with T-large granular lymphocytic leukemia, hypogammaglobulinemia, and low-grade lymphomas. In all these, the pathogenetic mechanisms may involve autoreactive cytotoxic responses. We selected 62 uniformly diagnosed pure red cell aplasia patients and analyzed their pathophysiologic features and responsiveness to rationally applied first-line and salvage therapies to propose diagnostic and therapeutic algorithms that may help guide management of prospective patients...
December 7, 2017: Haematologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217721/insights-from-australians-with-respiratory-disease-living-in-the-community-with-experience-of-self-managing-through-an-emergency-department-near-miss-for-breathlessness-a-strengths-based-qualitative-study
#18
Tim Luckett, Jane Phillips, Miriam Johnson, Maja Garcia, Priyanka Bhattarai, Virginia Carrieri-Kohlman, Anne Hutchinson, Rebecca T Disler, David Currow, Meera Agar, Serra Ivynian, Richard Chye, Phillip J Newton, Patricia M Davidson
OBJECTIVES: Breathlessness 'crises' in people with chronic respiratory conditions are a common precipitant for emergency department (ED) presentations, many of which might be avoided through improved self-management and support. This study sought insights from people with experience of ED 'near misses' where they considered going to the ED but successfully self-managed instead. DESIGN AND METHODS: A qualitative approach was used with a phenomenological orientation...
December 6, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217652/initial-clinical-presentation-and-spectrum-of-pheochromocytoma-a-study-of-94-cases-from-a-single-center
#19
Henrik Falhammar, Magnus Kjellman, Jan Calissendorff
BACKGROUND: With the increasing access to imaging more pheochromocytomas are diagnosed in the workup of adrenal incidentalomas. This may have changed the occurrence of the classic presentation with hypertension and the classic triad (headaches, sweating and palpitation). METHODS: We reviewed 94 consecutive cases of pheochromocytomas. Two cases of ectopic ACTH-syndrome were subsequently excluded. RESULTS: Of the 92 cases included 64% had presented as an incidentaloma, 32% as a suspected pheochromocytoma and 4% had been screened because of previously diagnosed MEN2A...
December 7, 2017: Endocrine Connections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217500/peripheral-neuropathy-as-a-complication-of-diabetic-ketoacidosis-in-a-child-with-newly-diagnosed-diabetes-type-1-case-report
#20
Marta Baszyńska-Wilk, Marta Wysocka-Mincewicz, Anna Świercz, Jolanta Świderska, Magdalena Marszał, Mieczysław Szalecki
BACKGROUND: Neurological complications of diabetic ketoacidosis are considered to be very serious clinical problem. The most common complication is cerebral edema. However this group includes also less common syndromes such as ischemic or hemorrhagic stroke, cerebral venous and sinus thrombosis or very rare peripheral neuropathy. CASE REPORT: We present a case of 9-year old girl with new onset type 1 diabetes, diabetic ketoacidosis, cerebral edema, multifocal vasogenic brain lesions and lower limbs peripheral paresis...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Clinical Research in Pediatric Endocrinology
keyword
keyword
46678
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"